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The Boke of 
Duke Huon of Burdeux 

Lord John Bourchier Berners, Sir Sidney Lee 

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The length of this romance has necessitated its publication in two 
parts. The first part includes the oldest portions of the story, and 
forms a tale complete in itself. 

The opening pages of the Introduction are intended to constitute 
a general preface to the whole series of English Charlemagne Romances. 
The later pages deal with the historical and bibliographical points of 
interest connected with Lord Berners' rendering of the present 
romance. With the second part will be published an essay on the 
differences between the language of the first and third editions re- 
spectively (vide Introd. p. lvi, lvii). Holbein's portrait of the translator 
will also, it is hoped, appear there. The Hon. H. Tyrwhitt Wilson, 
the owner of the picture, and a lineal descendant of Lord Berners, 
has very kindly given permission for its reproduction, but the arrange- 
ments necessary for its publication have not yet been completed. 

I am desirous of expressing my thanks for assistance rendered 
me in the preparation of this edition to the Earl of Crawford and 
Balcarres, whose loan of the unique copy of the book rendered this 
reprint possible ; to Miss Eleanor Marx, who not only undertook the 
labour of copying the work for the press, but has also corrected the 
great bulk of the proof sheets ; to Mr. R A. Graves of the British 
Museum, who aided me very greatly with his wide knowledge when 
I was attempting to fix the date of the publication of the book ; and 
to Mr. F. J. Furnivall, who, on this as on other occasions, has 
generously rendered me much assistance. To the works of M. Gaston 
Paris, M. Paul Meyer, and M. Leon Gautier, I have also been 
largely indebted, while studying the history of the Charlemagne 
Romances in France. 

g # L. Lbe. 

t6, Brondesbury Villas, London, N. W. 
January 10 t 1883. 

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§ 1. The distribution of the romances, 
p. vii 

§ 2. Their growth in France, p. viii. 

§ 3. The oantillnes, p. ix. 

§ 4. La Chanson de Roland, p. x. 

§ 5. Its general style, p. xi. 

§ 6. Others of its class, p. xiiL 

§ 7. Their later development, p. xiii. 

§ 8. The family eyelet, p. xiv. 

§ 9. The romances in the lith cen- 
tury, p. xv. 

§ 10. The prose versions, p. xvi. 

§11. Their subsequent history, p. xvi. 

§12. The Romances in England, 
p. xvil 

§ 13. Their classification, p. xviii. 
§ 14. T/ieir place in English liter a- 
ture, p. xxu 

§ 1. Of all the heroes of mediaeval Europe Charles the Great has 
left the deepest impression on its literature. His career has given 
birth to as vast a series of epic poems and prose romances as any of 
which we still have visible remains. It was of three " moost noble 
kynges n that French narrative poetry in the early middle ages 
mainly treated. Alexander of Macedon, Arthur of Brittany, and 
Charles of France were its moving spirits; and Rome, les deux 
Bretagnes, and France were the countries that it delighted to honour. 1 
But the hero who had been the Emperor of the whole western world, 
and who was often regarded as the first Christian King and the 
arch-confounder of the Saracens, most powerfully stirred the imagin- 
ation of the early mediaeval poets. And it was not only in the 
country that claimed to have been the centre of his dominions, that 
his glorious exploits were recited. France, it must be remembered, 
throughout the middle ages was the storehouse whence Europe 

1 M. de la Villemarque (let romans de la table ronde, p. 2) says of the fact, 
u voila le triple motif poetique dont ils (i. e. lea pontes du raoyen age) «e plaisaient 
a tirer dee vartetes infiniea," and quotes the well-known lines from a 13th 
century poet, — 

" Ne sont que trois matieres a nul homme entendant : 
De France, de Bretagne et de Rome la grand." 

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chiefly derived its romantic literature. It was a French story-book 
that Dante represents as having caused the temptation to which 
Francesca so fatally yielded, 1 and at a time when hero-worship was 
really a perpetual fact, it was inevitable that the legends of Charles 
the Great and his fighting men should be everywhere heartily 
welcomed. In England the poems have not enjoyed so continuous 
a popularity as elsewhere, but there was a time when to many 
Englishmen " the holy battles of bold Charlemaine " were (to quote 
one of their admirers) as familiar as their own thresholds. But in 
Spain, the Low Countries, in Germany, and in Scandinavian lands, 
Charles and his companions are numbered among " the paragons 
of the earth, 11 and each of these countries has enshrined in its 
popular literature their traditional history. Nor are they wholly 
unknown in Russia and Hungary ; and the Italian poets Boiardo, 
Ariosto and Tas3o, have shed their golden light on many episodes 
drawn from the French Charlemagne romances, which long before 
their time had become thoroughly acclimatized in Italy. 

§ 2. The development of the Charlemagne romances is an inter- 
esting study for the student of literature. But it has been wofully 
misrepresented by many English writers on the subject. 2 Known 
until recently in their prose forms alone, the romances have been 
regarded as renderings of monkish chronicles ; but these, so far 
from being their progenitors, are themselves largely indebted to the 
fictions, and the relations between the metrical and prose forms of 
the romances have been constantly misapprehended. In their early 
shapes they were always metrical. They grew gradually and imper- 
ceptibly out of the traditions of the people, and only the latest of 

1 Inferno, v. 66. 

8 Dunlop, the English historian of fiction, who has attempted a full but 
very erroneous account of these romances, treats them (with some modi- 
fications, it is true) as amplifications of the Latin Chronicle ascribed to Turpin, 
believed to have been Archbishop of Rheiros in the time of Charles. Recent 
criticism has proved the work to be itself based largely on popular poems, and 
to have no just claim to the antiquity for a long time ascribed to it It is not 
from the pen of Turpin, but from that of two distinct authors living respec- 
tively about the middle of the Uth and the beginning of the 12th centuries. 
Its tone is strongly clerical, and it has of course little right to be regarded as 
an historical work. Dunlop, moreover, only knew the Charlemagne romances 
in their prose (i. e. their latest) forms. 



them can bo ascribed to conscious artistic endeavour. They are 
Volks-Epen, and not Kunst-Epen : in some respects they are com- 
parable with the Homeric poems, in none with the jEneid or La 
Geru8alemme Liberata. 

§ 3. In their own life-time the deeds of Charles the Great and of 
his companions in arms were the subjects of short popular verses sung 
by the people themselves in the daily intercourse of life. None of 
the Charlemagne cantiltnes, as French critics have called the popu- 
lar poems, have reached us. Few of their class were committed 
to writing; but we may infer from the testimony of various 
witnesses that very many at one time existed. 1 In the earliest 
Charlemagne romances the heroes expect their exploits to be celebrated 
in song. 2 From the 7th to the 9th centuries a story of King Clotaire 
was preserved in verse, and an early mediaeval writer describes how 
Frenchwomen used to sing it together in chorus. 3 Written some- 
times in German, sometimes in Romance dialects, the cantilhm 
treated of isolated events, briefly and vividly described, and inter- 
spersed with exclamations of wonder, joy, and grief, which gave 
them often a lyrical, rather than an epic, character. In English 
literature the ballads that found their way into the Anglo-Saxon 
Chronicle may perhaps be looked upon as most closely resembling 
them. It is not until nearly the 11th century that professional 
poets or reciters are met with in French literature. We then find a 
class of men called jongleurs wandering from village to village, from 
castle to castle, chanting to the accompaniment of a little viol which 
they carried with them, stories of national or local heroes. It was 
under their influence that the detached poems were brought together. 
But hastily united either by themselves, or by professional poets who 
were known as trouveurs, they continued to be expanded or com- 
pressed, often on the spur of the moment, as the prejudices of the 
jongleur or his audience demanded. Nor for nearly three centuries, 

1 M. Gaston Paris. Hittoire PoHiqne de Charlemagne, pp. 40, et teq. 

* Chanson de Roland, 1014 and 1466. The edition of the Chanson which 
I have used is M. Leon Gautier's, published at Tours in 1881. 

8 Carmen publicum juxta rusticitatem per omnium pene volitabat era ita 
canentium feminaeque choros inde plaudendo coraponebant. " ^ lta saoctl 
Faronis," quoted from Historian de France, iii. p. 505, by M. Ga^tier m Mi 
Introd. to Roland, p. xvij. 


after the trouveurs had committed most of the poems to writing, did 
the improvisations cease, and the process was subsequently, and with 
less excuse, adopted by later copyists. New ideas were introduced to 
harmonize with the views of each generation of hearers, and, in the 
days of their decadence, when romances with similar, if somewhat 
briefer, genealogies were taking their place in popular esteem, attempts 
were made to embody in the old poems all the characteristics of the 
new. By such manoeuvres as these they were enabled to survive till 
the invention of printing. Then, clothed in a garb of prose, they were 
freed from further radical changes, and a fresh lease of popularity 
which may be said to have not yet expired in France was thus secured 
for them. None of the Charlemagne romances exist in all these varied 
f onus : some are extant in one shape, some in another ; but of all of 
them such a development may be safely predicated. 

§ 4. An examination of the earliest poem concerning Charles the 
Great, of which any manuscript is extant, will best indicate the 
leading features of the romances in their classical metrical shape, 
like all of its <• ass, it treats of the deeds of a single hero closely 
related to the Emperor, a fact which originally gave the poems the 
name of chansons de geste. 1 The Chanson de Roland has been 
justly placed among the noblest literary monuments of the Middle 
Ages, and has very many claim*, as we shall show later, to the 
attention of English readers. It dates from the middle of the 11th 
century. The famous story which it has to tell is the defeat of 
Charles in the pass of the Pyrenees, and the death of Roland, his 
nephew, and of eleven other peers, as his chief warriors were called 
after an institution that comes iuto prominence in later French history. 
The incident, like the stories of all the oldest chansons, is roughly 
founded on a strictly historical basis. The episode is related in 
Eginhard's 2 authentic record of Charles' life, and to this day the 
scene of the disaster, the Waterloo of early mediaeval France, goes, as 

1 The word geste has many meanings in mediaeval French. Even in 
the earliest time it signifies not only an achievement, but the history which 
chronicles it Cf. Roland — Qo dit la gents. 1685, 2095. Later, as we explain 
below, the word acquired the meaning of family. Traces of this usage appear 
in Roland, cf. v. 788. Deus me cunfundet, se la geste en desment I 

* Vita Karoli, ix. Passages from this and other historical authorities are 
quoted and discussed in M. Gautier's lttirod., pp. xii-xvi. 


in the poem, by the name of Roncevaux or Roncesvalles. In the oral 
tradition, in which it reached the poet, there are many variations from 
the historical version, and the changes, to which it has been submitted, 
admirably illustrate the development that legendary history experi- 
enced before and since at the hands of all the jongleurs de geste. In 
778, the historian informs us, the rear-guard of a vast French army 
retiring from a campaign in Spain against the Moors, was cut to 
pieces in the mountains by a band of Gascon rebels, and in the 
battle Roland, the commander of the Breton coast, and many other 
imperial officers were slain. In the poem the Gascons become 
Saracens, in accord with the Crusading temperament which was first 
growing up in Europe at the time of its composition. Roland 
is represented as the nephew of Charles in a desire which became 
more intense in the later poets to unite ail their actors by lineal ties. 
The defeat of the French is attributed to the treachery of Ganelon, 
one of themselves, from whom afterwards descends the long line of 
traitors who figure in subsequent romances, and finally the evil doers 
are signally punished, — in order to give the story the moral tone 
that is a permanent feature of later chansons de geste. 1 

§ 5. The general style of the poem closely counects it with the 
cantiUnes. Its opening is as brusque as that of the Iliad. It 
assumes on the part of its reader a knowledge of a large number of 
shorter poems on various subjects, of most of which nothing is now 
known in France except their names, though one of them has been 
preserved in an early Icelandic version. 2 The Chanson bears trace of 
having already undergone many remaniemenfs, and of having itself 
been originally constructed from a series of cantiUnes narrating 
episodes of Charles' wars in Spain, bound together by a jongleurs 

1 The versification of this poem is identical with that of all except the 
latest chansons. It is written in decasyllabics arranged in stanzas or tirades 
of varying lengths. The verses which number over 4000 in the earliest MSS. 
are assonanced, that is to say, the vowel sounds of the last syllable in each 
line of the tirade is the same. At the close of each stanza stands the word 
AOI, which either marks the reciter's pauses or is a rough indication of a 
musical note. 

* Leon Gautier's Roland, pp. 60 and 375. The story of the capture of 
Noplea, a little town in Spain, by Charles (Jo vus conquis e Noples e Com- 
mibles, v. 198) is preserved in the Karla»iangu* Saga, the Icelandic collection 
of Charlemagne romances. 


improvisations. 1 A simple, persistent religious spirit pervades the 
poem. Its author was well acquainted with the stories of the Old 
Testament, and, like Joshua, Charles makes the sun stand still. In 
the characters of the heroes the poet has successfully portrayed the 
doughty simplicity and strength, combined with the tenderness of 
heart that we associate with the German races. They are drawn from 
Frankish models, and are innocent of Roman culture. Charles himself 
is of a patriarchal age, of unquestioned courage and irresistible author- 
ity, and loves his nephew with a sincerity that, when the catastrophe 
arrives, gives occasion to a scene of the purest pathos. Roland is a 
rash warrior filled with a manly affection for his friend Oliver, but 
at times he displays a childish pride which recalls Achilles to our 
memory. Female influence finds no place in this or any early poem. 
Roland, it is true, is affianced to la belle Aude, a sister of Oliver, but 
she plays a curiously insignificant part Little that is supernatural 
enters into the story. The miracle that Charles performs, and the 
invincible nature of Joyeuse and Durendal, the swords of the 
Emperor and of his nephew, fail to disturb the realistic current of 
the narrative. 2 

1 JTist. PoH., pp. 70, 71. 

2 The beauty of many portions of the poem and its vivid style may be 
well illustrated by this short tirade (ccv) narrating Roland's death : 

"Qo sent Rollanz de sun tens n'i ad plus : 
Devers Espaigne gift en un pui agut. 
A l'une main si ad sun piz batut : 
4 Deus I meie oulpe par la tue vertut, 
De mes pecchiez, des granz e des menus, 
Que jo ai fait des Ture que nez fui 
Tresqu' a cest jur que oi sui consouz 1 ' 
Sun destre guant en ad vers Deu tendut : 
Angle de l'ciel i descendent a lui." — AOI. 

The following translation of the passage, which loses very much of the force 
of the original, may assist some readers. It is taken from Mr. Justice O'Hagan's 
Song of Roland (Lond. 1880), p. 175. The rhymes destroy nearly all the 
effect of the French rhythm. 

" Roland feeleth his hour at hand ; 
On a knoll he lies towards the Spanish land. 
With one hand beats he upon his breast : 
4 In thy sight, O God, be my sins confessed. 
From my hour of birth, both the great and small, 
Down to this day, I repent of all.' 
As his glove he raises to God on high, 
Angels of heaven descend him nigh." 


§ 6. Such are the general characteristics of this and probably very 
many other early chansons de geste. Of the six or seven of identical 
tone now familiar to us by name, some are still extant, while others 
are only known from external evidence ; they are all referred to the 
end of the 11th or the beginning of the 12th centuries. They deal 
with similar military exploits, — with Charles' wars in Saxony, Lom- 
bardy, or Apulia. 1 In a few — of a little less early date — an attempt 
was made to fill in the domestic details of the Emperor's life, and to 
embody legends of his youth and marriage. 2 In all, the historical 
element is still present, though at times it grows very vague. To 
the trouveurs of crusading times, the Saracens are the only known 
enemies of the French, and the place that the Normans really held in 
a great part of Europe during Charles' reign is erroneously transferred 
to them. But in no important respect, except in feebler literary 
style, — in greater coarseness and in more tedious repetition, — do these 
poems differ from the Chanson de Roland. 

§ 7. Towards the close of the 12th century, however, the Cliansons 
de geste, and Roland with them, gradually underwent further changes. 
They were lengthened unsparingly, and were inspired with a more 
distinctly feudal spirit. They glorified the resistance of the barons 
to their suzerains, in the disintegrating spirit of continental feudalism. 
To Charles himself little respect is paid. His actions and speeches 
exhibit him as a feeble dotard, 8 and his vassals rise constantly 
against his authority. " Laissomes ce vieillart qui tons est assotez," 
says one of the characters in Guy de Bourgogne, a chanson of the 
12th century, and rebellions against his rule form a leading motive 
in the poems of the date. 4 The jongleurs and trouveurs freely reject 

1 Such as Aspremont narrating the conquest of Apulia ; let Enfances Ogier, 
that of Italy ; Gvitalin, that of Saxony ; and Balan, that of Italy. All of them 
are not now extant in their early forms, hut in their existing shapes have evidently 
not been radically altered from older originals. Of Balan, only a portion is still 
preserved, which occurs in the later romance of Fierabras, — Hist. Pott. p. 73. 

' Such is Berte au grand pied, the history of the mythical mother of 
Charles, which is evidently a legend of great antiquity, although no reference 
to Charles' youth occurs in the Chanson de Roland. — Hist. PoU. p. 73. 

J He is also credited with a revolting sin, cp. Gautier, Les Epopies 
Francoises, iii. 65-6. 

4 No less than 18 Chansons of the period treat of les guerres de CJiarle- 
ntagne contre ses vassavx. Among them is Huon of Bordeaux, and Renaud of 
Montauban, the Clianson of the eldest of the four sons of Aymon. 


historical traditions, and with little diffidence invent new incidents 
and characters. The increased influence of the Crusades induced 
them to send their heroes, and, Charles among the number, to Con- 
stantinople, to Jerusalem, and to the further East, and novel adven- 
tures are thus provided to meet them at every turn. The female 
characters grow more important, and every warrior becomes enam- 
oured of a Saracen maiden. The poets were now for the first time enter- 
ing into rivalry with Chretien de Troyes, the author of Percevale, and 
of Eric et Enide, French versions of the Breton tales of King Arthur, 
and were incorporating with the old narratives stories of pure adven- 
ture and enchantment which harmonized ill with the severe facts of 
the ancient legends. The romance before us may itself be ascribed 
in its earliest extant form to this class of chansons, and supplies us 
with copious illustrations of its characteristic features. 

§ 8. One other change in principle the chansons de geste were 
slowly experiencing throughout the 13th century. There was some- 
thing conservative about this new development : although it boldly 
defied all historical probability, it strictly defined the limits within 
which the poets, who adopted its method, might allow their imagina- 
tion to work. Not content with rehearsing the careers of individuals, 
the att?mpt was made to combine the separate poems into great 
cycles, which should narrate the fortunes of families of warriors. 
The poets recklessly created relationships between the various heroes 
of the isolated chansons, and by endowing them with similar charac- 
teristics and destinies, they attempted to force upon their romances 
some internal unity. Frequently their object was to connect their 
patrons and their patrons' enemies with warriors or traitors of olden 
time. Their tone was purely realistic, and the practice gave a new 
meaning to the word geste, and chansons de geste were interpreted 
as family histories. Charles or his father is the progenitor of the chief 
apocryphal family of the kind, but two other lines are known at least 
to have been worked up by the trouveurs with equal care. 1 Some, 

1 N*ot ke .III. gestes en France la garnie: Dou roi de France est la 
plus seignorie. . . . Et l'autre apres, bien est droit que je die, Est de Doon a 
la barbe florie. Cil de Maianoe qui tant ot baronie. ... La tierce geste, qui 
molt fist a proisier, Fu de Garin de Monglaine le fier. Oirart de Viane, pp. 
1, 2, chanson, of prob. first years of 13th century, quoted in Hist. Podt. p. 76. 


like the LabdacidaB and Pelopidae, were represented as bearing a fatal 
curse, but no religious notion, as in the Greek stories, was mingled 
with its transmission. It was wholly ascribed to the accident of 
blood relationship, and there was no further attempt to explain its 
cause. Doon of Mayence, the father of one of the geste, has, for 
example, the questionable honour of being regarded by the writers of 
this class of Chansons as the ancestor, through Ganelon, the villain 
of Koncesvalles, of a whole army of earthly traitors. All who inter- 
marry with his family inevitably grow as sinful as their kinsmen. 1 

§ 9. After the 14th century there is little fixed principle in the 
development of the Charlemagne romances. Additions and interpola- 
tions, sequels and prologues of pure invention follow each other in rapid 
succession. The jongleurs' chief endeavour was to catch the popular 
ear, and with that object before them they adopted every changing 
literary fashion. It was in vain that the older trouveurs protested that 
they were losing sight of the historical spirit of their predecessors. 

M Chil nouvel jougleor, par leur outrecuidanche 
Et pour leur nouviaus dis, Tout mis en oublianche/' 

ifl the complaint of the author of Doon de Maience* When the 
Alexandrian romances were at the height of their popularity, their 
versification was borrowed with its twelve-syllabled lines — a metre 
still known by the name of the hero which it was first employed to 
celebrate. 3 Similarly, the authors of the chansons tried to refine 
the savagery of their old characters by foisting upon them the gentle 
courtesy of the Arthurian heroes and heroines. In many of their com- 
positions the magical element of Eastern literature finds a large place, 
and in the later Middle Ages their successors made no resistance to 
the spurious chivalry that overran all the literature and social life of 
the period. 4 At the same time Charles , history, as it was narrated 

1 The Chanson Doon de Maienee dates from the 14th century. Alxinger, the 
German poet, attempted to make of a later form of it an epic poem in 1787. 

* Ed. Pey. p. 1, quoted in M. Guessard's Introd. to ffuon, p. vy. 

' The poem of Roland actually underwent the alteration. Cf. M. Gautier's 
Introd,, p. xxxvij. Huon and other poems were wholly rewritten in Alex- 

4 Vide, for example, the ohanges that came over the story of Ogier le 
Danoity of whioh a great portion exists in a 12th century version. In the latest 
version the Hero visits the palace of Avallon, and is saved by the fairy Morgana, 
the sister of King Arthur, who, also living there, is visited by the Knights of his 

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in the chansons, found its way into the Chronicles and Latin ecclesi- 
astical poems, 1 as at an earlier date the traditional poetry concerning 
Roland had entered the Chronicle wrongly ascribed to Turpin, and 
there the legends were fated to assume a markedly clerical tone. 

§ 10. About the date of the invention of printing the metrical 
romances received their final form. 2 They were reduced in their 
contemporary shape to prose, and were soon afterwards printed and 
published. Many of them are characterized by the affectations and 
intricacies of style which Cervantes has powerfully satirized in his 
introduction to Don Quixote, But the earliest Chansons have for 
the most part escaped this final desecration. The simplicity of the 
Chanson de Roland did not satisfy the perverted literary tastes of an 
age which was wont to "praise Syr Topaz for a noble tale." All 
knowledge of it in its purest shape was lost ; the manuscripts con- 
taining it disappeared, and the one revealing it to us in its 11th 
century form was only recovered during the present century. 

§ 11. We need not dwell for our present purpose on the latex 
history of the Charlemagne romances. The rise of the theatre did not 
affect them. With their characters continually repeated, with their 
perpetual battles, with their lack of female interest, they did not lend 
themselves to dramatization, and with only one or two was the experi- 
ment ever made in France. A few poems, based on incidents in Charles' 
romantic career, appeared in France in the 17th century. Napoleon, 
who posed in Europe as the 19 th century Charlemagne, encouraged the 
study of his authentic and fictitious history, and his brother Lucien had 
the temerity to publish a volume of verses on " le digne precurseur de 
son frere." The romantic movement of the last century did not imme- 
diately affect the Charlemagne romances. They were known only in 
the late and degenerate prose versions, and although extracts from them 
were published in La Bibliothhqw des Romans about 1778, all trace 
of their development was sought in vain. It was in the 19th century 

Round Table. Ogier's magical return to youth, and all the magical machinery 
of the late romance are probably of Eastern origin. See Hist. PoH. pp. 
305-13 ; and Dunlop, Hist, of Fiction (edit. 1845), pp. 138-140. 
1 Hist. Poet. pp. 92-107. 

* Prose versions of thirteen Chansons were printed in France between 1480 
and 1500.— Hist. PoH. p. 470. 


that a vigorous and sustained effort was first made to learn their 
history, and to rediscover their original forms. The result of this 
endeavour, with which the name of Paulin Paris must be chiefly con- 
nected, has been to give the metrical romances a place among the 
most cherished remains of French mediaeval poetry, and to raise about 
them a gigantic critical literature. 

§ 12. If we carefully bear in mind the development of the French 
Charlemagne romances, which has here been very briefly sketched, we 
can readily determine the relations to which those that have been intro- 
duced into England stand towards them. One criticism may be made 
on nearly the whole of the English series. They almost all bear trace 
of being mere translations from French originals, although these have 
not always reached us. New details are occasionally introduced, but 
their leading features are literally borrowed, nor have the translators 
chosen the best or purest models. They have taken chansons de 
geste of the 14th and 15th centuries, and those of an earlier date 
appear to be unknown to them. The explanation, that a learned 
French critic has suggested for the fact i3 probably the true one. 
" At the time when our epic poetry was flourishing," he says, " that 
is, in the 13th and far more in the 12th centuries, our chansons de 
geste did not require translation to be understood in England by all 
whom they could interest; and in the 14th century when English 
writers wished to appropriate some of them, the old poems had been 
re- written, and the best of the early ones forgotten." 1 The circum- 
stances that the Clianson de Roland, believed by several French 
writers to be the work of a Norman, 2 was read as generally in 
England as in France, and that the earliest extant manuscript of 
another Chanson of the 12th century, relating to Charles 1 apocryphal 
travels, leaves no doubt that it was prepared for Anglo-Norman 
readers, 3 gives the best possible support to such . criticism. The 
small effect that the English Charlemagne romances (except in the 
special case of Huon of Bordeaux) have had on our later literature is 

1 M. Paul Meyer in La Biblwtheqve de VEcole des Chartet (1867), p. 309. 

* Such i« the opinion of M. Gautier, Introd. to Roland, pp. xix — xxiv. 

5 Cp. Charlemagne, an Anglo-Norman poem now first published by M. 
Francesque Michel, 1836. The MS. is in the Brit. Museum. King's Library, 
16, E. viii. 



attributable mainly to two causes. In the first place their literary 
inferiority must be generally acknowledged, and in the second they 
were in constant rivalry with the Arthurian romances which, although 
also borrowed from France, appealed more nearly to the history of our 
own past, and attracted by their gentle chivalrous tone, and their 
greater abundance of human interest, many writers possessed of a 
literary power which effectually naturalized them in this country. 
But it would be as serious an error to under-estimate, as to over- 
estimate, the influence of the Charlemagne literature in this country, 
and for myself I believe it has not yet, as a whole, been adequately 

§ 13. Including all the fragments of which we have any remains, 
the English romances are ten in number. Several of them treat of the 
same legend. Seven are in a metrical form, and have been referred 
to dates varying from the middle of the 14th to the opening of the 
succeeding century. Three are translations of prose versions, and 
appeared in England soon after the invention of printing. 1 The quasi- 

1 For the use of students the general results at which the editors in this 
series have arrived as to the number, date, and origin of the English Charle- 
magne Romances may be tabulated thus : 


1. An early version of the Fierabras 
story in JJaUin, a lost Chanson 
(12th a). 

2. Fierabra*, Chanson de geste (13th 

3. French prose romance of Fierabra* 
(1 5th a), formed of the Ch. de g. 
with extracts and additions from 
late Chronicles. 

1. a & j8. Remnants of a small Eng- 
lish cycle, of which a is probably 
based on Chroniclers' (and mainly 
Turpin's) summaries of Chansons, 
not now known. 

/3. Derived from a version of Otinel 
other than that in the extant Chan- 
son of the name. 

2. Late prologue to Ch. de g. Otinel 
(13th c.) not extant in France. 

3. Otinel, Chanson de geste (13th a). 


A. Fierabra* cycle. 

I, " ~ " 

* 1^2. Sir Ferumbras (? 1380). 

1. The Simdone of Babylone 
(? 1400). 

Prose. 3. Charles the Grete, 1485 

B. Otinel (or Otuel) cycle. 

* 1. a. Roland and Vernagu. 

p. Otvel [Auchinleck MS.]. 

2. Sege of Melayne (? 139 ). 

3. Otuel [Thornton M&] 71390. 

Digitized by 


historical events, to which all with four exceptions refer, are prior to 
the great expedition to Spain, in which Roland met his death, but 
they have a very vague historical foundation. The death or conver- 
sion of Saracen chiefs, and the marriage of their hastily-baptized 
daughters with Christian heroes are invariably the central motives of 
the poems, and the French warriors are challenged to fight with 
truly ' damnable iteration 1 by Saracen giants like Ferumbras, Otuel, 
and Vernagu. The early romances do not evince strong crusading 
tendencies so distinctly as an emphatic ecclesiastical or theological 
tone of thought, which is not present in any but the late French 
poems. Fierabras and Otinel, two well-known chansons de geste, 
have inspired the greater number of the Early English romance*. 
They narrate the struggles between Charles, as the champion of the 
Papacy, and the Saracen enemies of Rome ; in the first romance the 
Emperor's object is to recover Iss reliques de la Passion, and in the 
second to baptize the leading opponent of Christianity. In their 
extant French forms both poems date from the 13th century; but 
they bear traces of having already undergone frequent remanieinents, 
and although they are free from the extravagant interpolations com- 
mon to those of a later date, they are far from being the best literary 
examples of their class. Of Fierabras, Sir Ferumbras, the metrical 
romance, which appeared first in this series, is a fairly literal English 
rendering, 1 and Caxton's prose romance of Charles the Grete is trans- 
lated from an extended French prose version of the same Chanson. 2 
Fierabras, in an earlier form, originally constituted the central por- 
tion of a longer poem known to some early chroniclers, under the 

C. Detached Romances. 

•g f 1. Rowland*' t Song (? 1400). 1. Remaniemcnt (13th c), of Chan- 
J < ton de Roland, now unknown, 

j ( 2. Ravf Coityar (c. 1475). 2. Most probably oiginal. 

f 3. Four tons of Aymon, 1490 8. French prose version (15th o.) of 
[Caxton], the Ch. de g., Renaud de Montanban 

(13th a). 

4. Huon of Bordeaux, ? 1634 4. French prose version (15th c.) of the 
[Bernere]. Ch. de g. Hnon de Bordeaux ( 1 3th c). 

1 The English Charlemagne Romances, Pt. I. Sir Ferumhrat, edited by 
Sidney J. Herrtage. B.A., E. E. T. S. 1879. (From Ashmole MS. 33.) 

* Pts. III. and IV. ed. 8. J. Herrtage. 1880-1. (From unique Brit. Mus. 

b 2 

Digitized by 



title of Balan, and the Sowdone of Babylone, which is evidently an 
adaptation of a more detailed version of the opening part of the 
story of Fierabras than that to be found in the surviving Chanson, 
is probably based on a portion of the lost cycle, doubtless extant in 
the time of the English translator. 1 Similarly, Otinel has given birth 
to two metrical translations, of which the one in the Thornton MS. 
adheres with much literalness 2 to the Chanson, as we now have it, and 
the other, in the Auchinleck MS., is altogether freer in its general 
treatment, and perhaps drawn from a remaniement other than any we 
now possess. 3 The two romances of The Sege of Mdayne* and 
Roland and Vernagu 5 can be referred to no known French poems, 
but we must hesitate before pronouncing them original English 
productions. The former is probably taken from some introduction 
to Otinel, written at the period when every Charlemagne legend was 
receiving various amplifications. The latter is reasonably thought 
by M. Gaston Paris, to have belonged to an English poem of the 
14th century, bearing some such title as 'Charlemagne and Roland,' 
mainly based on extracts from Turpin's Chronicles and a late version 
of Otinel. 

Of the remaining English romances the fragment of the Song of 
Roland is drawn from a poor 13th century version of the great 
Clianson de Roland* Caxton's Four Sons of Aymon 7 and Lord 
Berner's Huon of Bordeaux, 8 are both direct translations of French 
prose romances, that is, of amplified and corrupted versions of two 
13th century chansons de geste, Renaud de Montauban, and Huon 
de Bordeaux. Rauf Coil^ear, in the absence of all evidence to the 
contrary, has been regarded as an original English poem. 9 It is 
evidently of a late date, and its connection with the other Charle- 
magne legends is very slight. Thus almost all the English romances 
share the characteristics of those chansons de geste which have under- 

1 Pt V. The JRomaunce of the Sowdone of Babylone, edited by Dr. 
Hausknecht (E. E. T. 8.). 1881. (From Phillipps' MS.) 

* Pt. II. pp. 53-105. Ed. by S. J. Herrtage. (E. E. T. S.) 1880. 
8 Pt. VI. pp. 65, et seq. Ed. S. J. Herrtage. (E. E. T. S.) 1882. 

* Pt. II. pp. 1-63. * Pt. VI. pp. 1-65. 

6 Pt. II. pp. 105-137. (From unique Lansdowne MS.) 

* Pt. IX. (Not yet reprinted.) 

* Pte. VII. and VIII. (1882.) 

• Pt VI. (1882.) 


gone numerous renovations. Of the Charlemagne poems in their 
purest sliapes English literature clearly knows nothing. 

§ 14. Of the popularity of each of these poems, which in the case 
of Ferumbras and Otud was certainly great in the 14th and 15 th 
centuries, evidence has been given in the prefaces to the various 
volumes that have already been published, but in the general survey 
I am here taking I may bring together a few general facts to 
demonstrate the limits of their influence. We believe that in the 
early Middle Ages our Norman ancestors were generally well ac- 
quainted with the great incidents of the series of legends, although 
of the vastness of the cycle they knew little. Descriptions of 
Charles and stories of Roland, for example, were certainly received 
here with universal favour. It is very probable, as many have 
pointed out, that the Chanson de Roland was sung by the Normans 
at the battle of Senlac. 1 M. Gautier is of opinion that it is the 
work of an Anglo-Norman poet, and some French critics have even 
ascribed it to a famous abbot of Peterborough. 2 Beside these dis- 
putable opinions we may place the facts that the earliest and chief 
manuscript of this poem has been for many centuries, and is still, in 
an English library, and that Anglo-Norman versions of other Charle- 
magne romances leave no doubt that they were largely read in 
England in the 12th and 13th centuries. Norman-French poems of 
the period, moreover, always do honour to Charlemagne and Roland. 
In some verses, in an early English poem, probably of the time of 
Edward I., we meet with such a passage as this : 

Fele ro manses men make newe 
Of good knyghtes strong and trewe ; 
Of hey dedys men rede romance, 
Both in England and in Fraunce, 
Of Rowelood and of Olyver 
And of everie Doseper. 3 

In later times the Pyrenees were always identified in England with 
the disaster of Roncesvalles, and when the Black Prince's expedition to 

1 Mr. Herrtage quotes the famous lines from Wace's Raman de Ron on 
the point (Pt. IL of the Series, p. xix). Mr. Freeman, in his Norman Conqne»t 
(iii. 478), is of opinion that Wace's statement refers to the Cftanson. 

* In trod, to Roland, xiv-xxvi. 

8 Quoted in Warton's English Poetry from an introductory poem to 
Richard Cuer de Lion (temp. Ed. I.), P- 25. (Hazlitt's Edition.) 


Spain was celebrated in a Latiu poem, a monkish gloss reminded its 
readers that Carolus magnus rediens de Hispania amisit ibi Rothelande 
et caeteros in Rowncivale sepidtos. 1 Chaucer, moreover, and other 
poets knew Ganelon, the traitor of Roncesvalles, as a typical villain, 
worthy of a place beside Judas Iscariot or Sinon. 2 One circumstance 
in the legend of Roland — his friendship for Oliver — has given us 
a very common proverbial phrase which France never possessed. 3 
Spenser, like many of his predecessors from the time of Robert of 
Brunne, has anglicized the word douzeperes, which in the Charlemagne 
romances is the technical name of the twelve chief companions of the 
Emperor, and uses it in the singular ii} the sense of a mighty warrior.* 
And for a long time in England the fame of the defeat of Roncesvalles 
survived in a common adjectival epithet, and a strong voice or a strong 
woman was known as a rouncival voice or a rouncival woman. 5 

After the Middle Ages Charles the Great grew less familiar to 
Englishmen, but he was not unknown to them, and the prose 
romances, which only show him in, inglorious dotage, were widely 
read. More than oue play in the 16th century was based on his 
exploits and those of his companions, and Dyce's statement that 
he was unacquainted with any old play in which that monarch 
figures must be regarded as based on imperfect information. 6 We 

* Wright's Political Poem. i. 105. (Rolls' Series.) 

* Chaucer, Nonne Prestes Tale, 15,232-4. The Fox is thus addressed :— 

" O false morderour, rucking in thy den 1 
O newe Scariot, n+we Qenelon, 
O false dissiniulour, O Greek Sinon." 
See also Monkes Tale, 14,653-6. 

8 The exact origin of A Ityland for an Oliver, which is omitted, so far as 
I can see, from W. C. Hazlitt's English Proverbs, has never been explained. 
The French expression of the same character runs — Je lui baillerai Guy 
contre Robert, discussion some years ago, in Notes and (Queries, as to the 
growth of the phrase, failed to throw any real light on the subject. 

4 Cp. 4 Big-looking, like a doughty Doucepere,' Faerie Qtteene, III. x. 
30. Warton in his Observations on the Faerie Queene (i. 262-8) gives an 
instructive account of the use of the word in Eugland. 

6 Nares' Diet. (ed. Halliwell and Wright), s.v. RotincivaU, large, strong. 
1 Th'art a good rouncival voice to cry lantern and candlestick.' — Satiroinastix. 
Speaking of gigantic bones seen at Roncesvalles, Mandeville says, 4 Hereof I 
t«ke it conies that seeing a great woman we say she is a RotvncevaU' — Travels. 
Fol. 22. Ed. 1600. Similarly, Tusser, as Mr. 5errtage points out tQ me, calls 
marrow-fat peas, * r unci vail peas/ — Husbondry, ch. xli. 1. 9. 

6 Hyce's Peclc, ii. 88. 

Digitized by 



have at least one drama in manuscript, of which he is the hero, 1 and 
two others are known to have existed, although no longer extant, 
in which he must have played an important part. 2 Meanwhile 
Roland or Orlando was re-introduced to English readers in Elizabeth's 
reign by Sir John Harrington's popular translation of Ariosto's 
Orlando Furioso, and upon this foundation Robert Greene based one 
of his tame dramatic productions. 3 And, though the Roland of the 
Italian poet differed very much from his prototype in the chansons 
de geste, his reappearance in a new form temporarily renewed their 
familiarity with his name and many of his characteristic adventures. 

Shortly after the 16th century, Charles the Great and Roland, like 
other mediaeval heroes, were practically lost sight of in England, and 
little attempt has since been made to revive an interest in their 
legendary history. Not even in chap-books were their achievements 
perpetuated, and they failed to attract the genius of any great literary 
worker who might have given them a lasting place in the higher 
branches of our literature. We have in all periods to seek in some- 
what obscure places for indications of their popularity, and, although 
we may legitimately infer that the Charlemagne heroes were ever 
held in high honour in mediae vai and Tudor England, and although 
we know that they made their way into the common parlance of our 
countrymen, we cannot regard them, with one exception, as leaving 
upon our literature any deep or permanent impression. 

1 My friend, Mr. A. H. Bullen, has pointed out to me the Egerton MS., 
1994, in the British Museum, where the play is to be found. He has given an 
account of it in the 2nd volume of his Collection of Old Plays, and I have 
there, at his request, added a note on the manner in which the legend, 
embodied in the play, reached this country. 

* They were based on Caxton's Ibnr Sons of Aymon and Berners* Huon 
of Bordeaux. Vide Renslowe's Diary, and infra, p. xlvii. 

3 The Historic of Orlando Furioso, one of the Twelve Pieres of France, 
1594. Jnfra, p. xlix. 




§ I. Tlie \3th century Chanson de 

geste, p. xxiv. 
§ 2. Its story, p. xxv. 
§ 3. Its main characteristics, p. 


§ 4. Historical traditions of Huon, 
p. xxviii. 

§ 5. The origin of the Oberon-legend, 
p. xxix. 

§ 6. The character of Oberon in tlie 

early romance, p. xxxi. 
§ 7. Amplifications of the Romance, 

p. xxxii. 

§ 8. The continuations in tlie Turin 

Manuscript, p. xxxiii. 
§ 9. Other developments of the story 

in France and Holland, p. 


§ 10. The French prose version, p. 

§ 1 1. Later history of tlie romance in 

France, p. xxxvii. 
§ 12. 'The English translation, p. 


§ 13. The political career of Lord 
Bcrners, p. xl. 

§ 14. His literary character, p. xlii. 

§ 15. His translation of Froissart, 
p. xliv. 

§ 16. Other works, p. xlv. 

§ 17. Lord Ber iters' death, p. xlv. 

§ 18. Romances in Elizabttlian Eng- 
land, p. xlvi. 

§19. Popularity of Huon of Bor- 
deaux, 1547 — 1594, p. xlviii. 

§ 20. Oberon in English literature, 
p. xlix. 

§ 21. Bibliography of Huon of Bor- 
deaux, p. lii. 
§ 22. Conclusion, p. lvii. 

§ 1. The romance of Huon of Bordeaux illustrates in several 
ways the general remarks I have been making on both the French 
and English versions of the Charlemagne legeuds, but, beyond the 
characteristics that it has in common with its class, it possesses cer- 
tain features peculiar to itself, that perhaps give it its highest interest 
in the eyes of English readers. In France it has undergone a very 
extended development, capable of a clearer presentation than in the 
case of many other of the chansons de geste ; in England, translated 
almost literally, it has not only enjoyed its full share of popularity, 
but, by supplying the Elizabethan poets with the story of Oberon, 
has exerted upon English literature an influence to which no other 
members of its class can legitimately lay claim. 

None of the forms in which we know the romance of Huon can 
be referred to a very early date. The oldest extant chanson de rjeste 
on the subject, the manuscript of which is now in the library of 

Digitized by 


§ 2. ITS STORY. 


Tours, possesses hardly any of the characteristics of the Chanson de 
Roland. 1 Its incidents are more complicated, and belong for the 
most part to a very different world. The central interest of the 
poem is divided between the peer of France, who plays the title-roVe, 
and an omnipotent and omniscient dwarf, who adorns the throne of 
fairy land. It is impossible to ascribe the story, as it first appears, 
to any date anterior to the middle of the 13th century. Four 
times was it probably rewritten in metre before the invention of 
printing, when it was reduced to prose in France, and in that garb 
brought to our own chores. But in spite of the amplifications and 
continuations that the tale has experienced — changes which have 
more than tripled its original length — the first half of both the 
French and English prose versions has preserved with little alter- 
ation the story as it appears in the 13th c-ntury chanson. The 
chapters printed in the volume before us present the old story in 
its original literary shape. The last portion of Lord Berners' trans- 
lations, like his French original, owes its origin to sources of far less 

§ 2. So much of the legend of Huon as reverts to the 13th 
century is to the following effect. The story in the Chanson opens 
four years after the death of Seguin, the duke of Bordeaux. His 
two young sons, Huon and Gerard, who have inherited his property, 
have not as yet done homage to the Emperor, their suzerain. But 
their troubles have already begun. A traitor at Charles' court, Earl 
Amaury by name, covets their inheritance, and on the ground that 
they have not already acknowledged in person their vassalage, 
denouuces them to Charles as rebels against his authority. The 
Emperor at the moment is of great age and feeble health, and, being 
about to resign his crown in favour of his son Chariot, is desirous 
that his supremacy should be recognized in every part of his 
dominions. Huon and Gerard are, therefore, ordered to appear at 
once before him at Paris, or forfeit their estates to the Earl, who 

1 For an account of the MS. Bee M. Guesssrd's edition of the poem, 
Pari a, I860, p. xxxix. et sea. Its versification is like that of La Chanson, but 
its tirades are much longer, extending at times to 500 vv. The length of the 
Chanson is 10,495 lines. Neither the name nor province of the author is 



had called the Emperor's attention to their dereliction of duty. 
Well aware that they could give satisfactory proofs to their royal 
master of their loyalty, the traitor, as soon as he learnt that the 
youths were on their way to the capital, induced the prince Chariot, 
Charles' elder son, over whom he exercised unlimited control, to 
join him in a plot for waylaying and killing them on their journey. 
But his plans were unsuccessful. Chariot wounds Gerard, hut is 
himself slain by Huon. The Emperor, on learning the death of his 
son, vows eternal vengeance upon his murderer. A duel between 
Huon and Amaury, which proves fatal to the latter, only inflames his 
wrath, and he finally dismisses the young knight on a grotesque, but 
perilous, and, to all appearance, fatal mission to Babylon. There the 
first part of the chanson de geste, of Huon of Bordeaux may be said 
to close, and in the remaining verses the form of the story somewhat 
changes. Very perilous indeed are the adventures that Huon meets 
in the East, although he is fortunate enough to find a companion in 
Gerames, an old friend of his father's, who is living a hermit's life 
among the Saracens. To most of the dangers he must have succumbed, 
had he only relied on human means of protection. Happily, however, 
he finds other aid. Oberon, the dwarf -king of the fairies, whose 
dominions lie between Jerusalem and Babylon, taking pity on the 
knight's misfortunes, proffers his assistance, and with such support 
Huon not only successfully performs his mission, hut woos and mar- 
ries Esclaramonde, the daughter of the Emir of Babylon, on her con- 
version to Christianity. On his return to France the treachery of his 
brother Gerard plunges him once again into difficulties, but Oberon 
extricates him from the new dangers, reconciles him to the Emperor, 
and ultimately names him his successor on the throne of fairy land. 

§ 3. The story, it will be perceived, has all the characteristics which 
were attributed to the chanson* de gestes in their decline. Charlemagne 
has no dignity about his bearing. His power is jealously regarded 
by his vassals, and he is more than once placed in a position of 
signal humiliation. " Syr, yf ye do as ye haue sayde," are the words 
addressed to him by one of his counsellors in Lord Berners' version, 
which here almost literally translates the old French poem — "Sir, 
yf ye do as ye haue sayd, I nor neuer any other man shall truste you, 


& euery man shall say, fare & nere, that herof (hear of) thys 
extorsyow, that in the end of your dayes ye are become chyldysche, 
& more lyke a sot then a wyse man." 1 Other circumstances are still 
more decisive. A reference to Tristram's love for the u fayre Ysoude " 
and some points in the genealogy of Oberon, indicate that the author 
was acquainted with the Arthurian romances, 2 and Huon's statement 
that he " departyd out of fraunce . . . That any aduenture that I 
myght here of, though it were neuer so perelous that I shulde neuer 
eschew it for any fere of deth," brings him in close relations with the 
heroes of the romans cTaventures.* The absurd length to which the 
writer pushes the endeavour, that characterizes the later poems of the 
jongleurs, to bring his hero into lineal relationship with all sorts and 
conditions of men with whom he comes in contact on his journeyings, 
is another testimony to the lateness of the present form of the legend. 4 
The important place which the enchantments of Oberon hold in 
the story, the care bestowed on the treatment of the character and 
influence of Esclaramonde, the hero's bride, and the extravagant 
unreality of Huon's adventures in the East, likewise supply con- 
clusive evidence in favour of a similar inference. The 13th century 
Chanson must be positively placed among those romances which 
attempt to graft on the simple lines of the pure chansons de geste 
the varied incident of the tales of the Round Table, and the magical 
machinery of Eastern stories like the Arabian Nights' Entertainment 

1 Infra, p. 47, 11. 9, et seq.— 

" Quant les noveles iront par la paw 

Que diront tout li haut homme jentil ? 

Voe jugemens n'ert mais en France ois, 

Tout diront mais, li grant et li petit ; 

Qu'en vo viellece estes tous rasotis." 

Hvon de Bordeaux, 11. 22-29, et seq. 
See also, Oberon's reference to the Emperor's fatal sin, 11. 10,225, et seq., and 
infra, p. 258. 

2 Infra, p. 157, 1. 27, Hvon de Bordeaux, 1. 6808,— 

" Tristrans morut por bele Iseut amer." 
For Oberon 's genealogy see below, pp. 72-3. 

3 Infra, p. 97, \.\,et seq., and Hmn, I. 4595, et seq. 

4 Huon claims relationship with the Pope of Rome, with the Abbot of 
Cluny, with Garyn of Saint Omers, a lord of Brindisi, with Macaire, the 
pagan tyrant of Tormont, with Sebylle, the prisoner of the castle of Dunostre, 
and many others, as the reader will perceive for himself. 

Digitized by 



§ 4. There are many traces in the poem itself of a legend of a 
previous period, devoid of such embellishments as I have noticed, — 
of a chanson celebrating Huon's exploits before an enchanted world 
had become a commonplace with the trouveurs or jongleurs. Much 
of the versification of the 13th century, for example, has an older 
rhythm. 1 The story of the causes of Huon's banishment, after a 
few slight modifications have been made, has an early mediaeval tone, 2 
and, although the historical element is not readily detected, it is easy 
to perceive that in it has been incorporated many vague memories of 
early historical events. An early chronicler tells us how a duke of Bor- 
deaux, whose son once challenged Chariot, the Emperor's heir, bore, like 
the father of the hero of the romance, 8 the name of Seguin. Instances, 
moreover, of such disagreement with the ruler of France as Huon 
exhibits, occur frequently in the history of the princes of Aquitaine 
in the 8th century. Similarly, an early manuscript of an epic poem 
of the 12th century, narrating the exploits of the chief warriors 
of Lorraine — Les Loherai?is y — contains seventeen verses which 
tell how Huon, the son of duke Seguin of Bordeaux, slew an earl 
at Paris, and, being for the crime banished the Empire, went to 
Loinbardy, where he married the daughter of a Count, and finally 
died of poison. 4 If this form of the legend has little claim to be 
considered of the highest antiquity, it sufficiently proves that Oberon 
was not originally the protector of Huon after his banishment, and 
that his journey to the East may be regarded as purely apocryphal. 
But a closer parallel to the adventures of Huon at Paris has been 
found by a recent writer in Bomania, in historical facts which pos- 
sibly have a better claim to be considered as the prototype of the 
tale. Certain events that took place under Charles the Bald are 
almost identical with those recorded in the first part of the romance. 
And, if we allow the general resemblance, the confusion of identity 
between the Emperor and his grandson, an error that could be 

1 This and the recurrence of the same couplets are noted by M. Gautier in 
his support of this view. — Les Epoptes Franpaises, iii. 732. 

* That is to say, the first 2000 lines of the Chanson and just 20 chapters 
of this text (pp. 1-5?). 

3 Les EpopSes Francoises, iii. 732. 

4 Quoted by M. Gautier (as above). 



paralleled in all popular literature, need not cause us much embar- 
rassment. During the reign of Charles the Bald, authentic records 
tell us, the county of Bordeaux was governed by a duke, riamed 
Segnin, whose bold defence of Saintonge against the Normans, usually 
confounded in the French national traditions with the Saracens, 
exactly fitted him to be the hero of popular cantiUnes and of later 
epic narrative. Similarly, Charles the Bald's eldest son closely 
resembles the Chariot of the romance. Like the latter, he was 
u ryght pryuey " with traitors, 1 and he was slain by a brave warrior 
in pursuit of a foolish adventure. 2 How these floating traditions 
of Segmn, Huon and the heir of Charles the Bald may have crystal- 
lized, and at length have been introduced into the great Charlemagne 
epic cycle, is a process of assimilation that must be readily intelligible 
to the student of popular mythology. 

§ 5. As early as the 13th century, however, we have evidence that 
Oberon became an essential part of the story. Albericus Trium 
Fontium, in his chronicles which were finished about 1240, gives a 
version of the legend very similar to that of the romance. " Mortuus 
est," he writes, "etiam hoc anno (810) Sewinus dux Burdegalensis, 
cui fratres fuerunt Alelmus et Ancherus, hujus Sewini filii Gerardus 
et Hugo, qui Karolum, filium Karoli, casu interfeoit, Almaricum 
proditoreni in duello vicit, exul de patria ad mandatum regis fugit, 
Alberonem, virvm mirabilem et fortunatum repei-it, et ccetera sive 
fabulosa sive historica connexa." 8 The passage constitutes one of the 
earliest records of the existence of the fairy king under the name of 
Oberon (Auberon) in European literature, and his importance in our 
own literature, together with the part he takes in the romance l>efore 
us, is sufficient excuse for our dwelling on his origin and early history. 
M. Gaston Paris has attempted to show that an apocryphal prince of 

1 Infra, p. 15. 

* M. Loognon in Romania, t iii., has carefully worked out the probable 
connection of Huon with the reign of Charles the Bald, and has reprinted from 
yarious early chronicles all that is known of Seguin or the young Charlea. 
Chariot bears in Huon exactly the opposite character to that which he does in 
the earlier Chanson de Qette of " Ogier le Danois," and there is no historical 
basis for his treacherous behaviour, unless we admit M. Longnon's theory. 
Gautier, Let Epoptet Francaine*, vol. iii. 734. 

3 M. Guessard's Huon de Bordeaux, p. xij. 



the Merovingian dynasty, who was credited with singular powers 
of enchantment, bore the name of Albericw, but we are not ready to 
regard the Oberon-legend as based on any strictly historical foundation. 1 
He is probably a purely mythical character, and, so far, is wholly 
foreign to the Charlemagne cycle ; but, nevertheless, the author of 
Huon has not the slightest logical justification for placing him in an 
Eastern environment. He springs from the mythology of the Western 
world, and though many arguments have been advanced to connect 
him with Celtic or Welsh myths, I incline to the opinion that he 
is purely Teutonic. M. de la Villemarque* has most vigorously 
supported the Celtic theory. He identifies the fairy king with the 
ruler of the enchanted world in Welsh romances, Gwyn-Araun by 
name, of which he claims Oberon (i. e. Auberon, as it is usually 
spelt in French) to be a literal translation. In Welsh mythology 
he asserts that Gwyn is brought up, like Oberon, by " Morge li f^e," 
and, similarly, is a dwarf in appearance, and bears at his neck a 
magic horn. 2 But the Germanic theory is based on firmer and 
wider foundations. Auberon, as Keightley long ago pointed out, 
very closely resembles the dwarf Elbericli or Alberich, who figures 
in many early German folk tales. 8 In the Niebelungen-lied Alberich 
is the guardian of the celebrated hoard which Siegfried won from the 
Niebelungen, and in a story of the Heldenbuch, a collection of 
German romances of the 13th century, a king of the elves bearing 
the same name plays a rdle very similar to that of Oberon in Huon 
of Bordeaux. Here Ortnit, a German emperor, visits the Sultan 
of Syria to gain his daughter. Alberich meets him on his journey, 
and aids him in his quest. He is three feet in height, can foresee 
the future, and forbids, as in the case of Huon and Esclaramonde, 

1 Cp. Revue Ocrmaniqtie, xvi. p. 387. 

8 See his letter on the subject in M. Guessard's edition of Huon de 
Bordeaux. Paris, 1860, pp. xxv-xxix. M. Gaston Paris positively denies that 
Gwyn-Araun is a translation of Auberon, and thus the basis of Villemarqu6's 
theory is destroyed. Gwyn = white, but Aube, it is asserted, never represented 
in French the Latin album (i. e. Fr. blanc). Bexme Germaniqve, xvi. pp. 

3 Keightley's Ihiry Mythology, p. 206. Alberich is connected by Grimm 
(Deutsche Mythologie, p. 699) with Alp- Alb- E b = elf. Ich, another writer 
explains, is a German termination which has been replaced in French by 
the Romance termination on. 


all intercourse between Ortnit and his pagan bride until after the 
latter's baptism. 1 The connection between him and Oberon is, as 
Keightley has remarked, indubitable, and the German story, of 
which he is one of the chief heroes, is almost identical with parte 
of Huon. But there is little need to accept the opinion of some 
continental critics, and regard either of the tales as borrowed from 
the other. As M. Gaston Paris has suggested, Alberich or Auberon, 
perhaps originally a hero of Rhenish folk-lore, doubtless formed part 
of the Frankish, as of all German, mythology, and his traits have 
been preserved in the romances of both France and Germany. 

§ 6. But though of Teutonic origin, Oberon in the romance before 
us has submitted in no slight degree to other influences, and has 
absorbed characteristics from very different sources. His poetic creator 
would seem indeed to have made of him a point de rencontre for those 
three great currents of the narrative poetry of early mediaeval France 
of which wo have already spoken. He represents the ideas that 
were identified not only with Frankish history, but also with that of 
Bretagne et Rome la grand. Mainly Frankish in tone, Oberon has 
assimilated some of the spirit not only of Breton romance, but of 
classical and scriptural antiquity, as it was known in the Middle 
Ages. Any one of the curious pedigrees that appear in the various 
versions of the romance illustrates the mingled elements of which 
he is compounded. In the 13th century chanson he thus describes 
his birth, — 

" Jules Cesar me nori bien sou6 ; 
Morge li fee, qui tant ot de biaute, 
Che fu ma mere, si me puist Dix salver. 
De ces II fui concus et engerrea." — Vv. 8492-6. 

He is, in fact, a son of Julius C«sar and Morgan le Fay. The former 

in mediaeval legend, it should be borne in mind, is little connected 

with the Caesar of history. With Alexander the Great, to whom he 

is often lineally allied, he shares in the romances the honour of 

typifying papal and imperial Rome, i. e. Christianity and the Western 

Empire, and his introduction into Oberon's genealogy is the mode 

adopted by the poet to explain, as Teutonic mythology fails to do, 

the Christian zeal and crusading fervour, combined with the humane 

1 Infr^ pp. 153-4 ; Ilium de Bordeaux, 6688, et seq. 

Digitized by 



tenderness and sober temperament, by which the dwarf is charac- 
terized in the romance. Even in Orlnit, Alberich, who in so many 
ways is a counterfeit presentment of Huon's fairy king, like most 
dwellers in the enchanted world of Germany, resembles " Puck or 
Robin Goodfellow," and bears no trace of Oberon's " note of hi^h 
seriousness. 0 His mother, who can be none other than the third 
sister of King Arthur, "a great clerk in nigromancy," is similarly 
given a place in the pedigree, that her presence may account for the 
Celtic or Breton features implanted in the Oberon of the story of 
Huon. The fear, with which he is at first regarded by the knight 
and his faithful companion, Gerames, recalls the reputation which 
the dwarfs usually bear in Breton tradition. 1 The notion that 
Huon, like Falstaff, 2 had of fairies, — " he that speaks to them shall 
die," — is not common in purely Teutonic stories. At the same time 
his delicate beauty — his "aungelyke vysage" — connects him with 
another aspect of Celtic mythology, while his magic cup, which is 
always full in the hands of the virtuous man, 8 but is empty in those 
of the sinful, has many parallels in the Arthurian and Gaelic 
romances, but none in those of ancient Germany, or in the early 
Charlemagne cycle. Furthermore, his Asiatic home and the luxuiious 
splendour of his enchanted palaces and attire recall the stories of the 
Caliphs. We may therefore finally conclude that Oberon, as he was 
known in early French literature, was a figure derived from Frankish 
folk-lore, but, that he has not only been enveloped by the author 
of Huon de Bordeaux in traditions of Christian Rome and Brittany, 
but has also been tinged with an Eastern colouring. Such, it may 
be suggested, is a legitimate analysis of his complicated character. 

§ 7. The intricacies and incongruities that had, as we have seen, 
been foisted on an early and simple legend of Huon, even in the 
13th-century chanson de geste, — the first connected form in which the 
story is extant, — did not prevent it experiencing further complications 

1 Ce caractere traitre et sournois des nains est 1e plus ordinaire dans lea 
traditions bretonnes ; ils ne parlent guere que lorsqu'ils trouvent l'occasion de 
nuire a quelqu'un, comme ici (t. e. in Trlttran et Y*rnlt, where King March's 
dwarf denounces them), etc. De la Villemarque\ — Leg llomans de la Table 
Ronde, p. 421. 

* Merry Wive* of Windsor, V. v. 48 : cf. Infra, p. 63. " if ye speke to 

hyra, ye are lost for euer." 

3 Infra, p. 76. 


at the hands of succeeding jongleurs bdtards. Oberon was a character 
capable of inspiring too lengthy a series of strange adventures to 
allow a speedy arrest of the development of the romance, and the 
10,000 lines of the old poem were lengthened almost immediately 
to 14,000, and ultimately to 30,000 verses. 1 While the story 
of Huon's quarrel and strife with the Emperor is preserved in 
all the extant versions in its main outlines, the remaniements 
of the later part of the 13th and 14th centuries either endeavour 
to supply their readers with more elaborate information as to Oberon's 
career before he makes the acquaintance of Huon, or extend the 
history of the knight himself until he is firmly seated on the 
throne of fairy land. And a series of stories about his sons and 
daughters and grand-daughters, in many of which he is made to 
play the part of a Deus ex machind, is finally added. Such ampli- 
fications, it need hardly be said, are purely fabulous; they are 
crowded with incidents hopelessly irrational, and often brutally 
unnatural ; and a perusal of them must lead every reader to worship 
with a whole heart at the shrine of Cervantes, who ultimately suc- 
ceeded in directing into other channels the perverse ingenuity of the 
authors of like fictions. 

§ 8. No less than seven continuations of Huon are extant; 
four of them have been introduced into the prose version, and form, 
as in his original, the concluding chapters of Lord Bernere' transla- 
tion. The greater number of these extensions may be found in a 
unique 14th-century manuscript now at Turin. 2 The document opens 
with a lengthy metrical prologue entitled Le Roman d'Auberon, 
which is one of the most remarkable examples of the confused 
historical notions of mediaeval writers with which I remember to 
have met. It is based for the greater part on detached verses of the 

1 The French MSS. of the metrical romance may be arranged thus : — 

(1) Tours MS. (10,000 vv.). 13th cent. 

(2) Paris MS. I. (14,000 vv.). 13th cent. 

(3) Turin MS. (30,000 w.). 14th cent 

(4) Paris MS. LI. (Alexandrine remaniement). 15th cent. 

(5) Hamilton MS. 1341. 

* The fullest description of the MS. and its contents may be found in 
M. L. Gautier. Lei Epopiet Franca'uet, Hi. 742. Prof. Graf has printed the 
introductory poem to which I refer as Part I. of a series entitled / oompli- 
nenti della CJtanson d'ffvon de Bordeaux, Halle a/S. 1878. 




13th-century chanson of Huon, combined with copious extracts from 
the Arthurian romances, and much Oriental and Scriptural imagery. 
Judas Maccabseus is the hero of its first pages. After fighting with the 
Saracens, he marries a Saracen princess, and has by her a daughter, 
Bruuehaut, who is destined by the fairies to pass her life in fairy 
land. Nevertheless, she is wooed and won by Julius C®-ar; but 
her married life proves unhappy, and her husband at length deserts 
her, when on a visit to the court of King Arthur, for Morgan le 
Fay. Of the last union Oberon is the offspring, and, after many 
chivalric adventures at King Arthur's court, Caesar's son at a 
dangerous crisis receives assistance from the dishonoured Brunehaut 
on condition of befriending Huon, of whose existence he thus hears 
for the first time. The old tale of the knight of Bordeaux then 
follows, and it is succeeded by five chansons detailing the adventures 
of Huon's descendants. 

Of the first part of the extended romance (La Cfianson (TEsclara- 
monde) Huon's wife Esclaramonde is the heroine. Kaoul the 
Emperor of Germany, smitten with love for her, lays siege to Bor- 
deaux, and Huon in order to gain assistance sets sail for the East. 
His adventures there are more astonishing than before. Ia his 
wanderings he meets with Judas Iscariot and Cain, and finds apples 
of youth with which to rejuvenate all his friends. One of his ex- 
periences is identical with an adventure of the third calendar in the 
Thousand and One Nights, repeated in the so-called Travels of Sir 
John MandeviJle, But Huon survives all his dangers ) with Oberon's 
aid Bordeaux is saved, and the knight and his wife are conducted on 
a winged horse to fairy land, on the throne of which the former is 
at length seated. The wooing of Clarisse or Clariette, the eldest 
daughter of Huon and Esclaramonde, is the subject of another 
preposterous addition (La Chanson de Clarisse et Florent). Courted 
by all the princes of Europe, from Hungary to Aragon, she is sub- 
jected to every variety of persecution. But she finds a true champion 
in Florent, the son of Peter of Aragon, with whom Huon, in his role 
of king of fairy land, ultimately unites her. 1 The adventures of Ide, 

1 M. Gaston Paris sees in this story the influence of the well-known 
romance of Aucassin et Nicolette Bee the notes on chaps. 158, et scq. 


the daughter of Clariette and Florent (La Chanson dtlde et d' Olive), 
immediately follow in the Turin manuscript, and here the imagination 
of the author assumes very repulsive features. Ide, to escape from 
the incestuous advances of her own father, travels in man's clothing 
to the court of the German Emperor, and is forcibly married to his 
daughter, who has been unhappy enough to fall in love with the 
stranger. But a strange divine interposition at length extricates the 
actors from their curious embarrassment. The lengthy series of stories 
concludes with an account of the misfortunes of Godin, a son of 
Huon (La Chanson de Godin) , whose enemies are only routed by 
his father's enchantments. 

§ 9. Another version of Huon's adventures after his reconciliation 
with the French Emperor is found in a unique manuscript in the 
National Library at Paris, which is usually referred to the 15th 
century. Three years pass, and the knight leaves Bordeaux for 
Oberon's dominions. After passing through Rome and visiting the 
Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem, he is welcomed to Fairyland, and amid 
gorgeous ceremonies crowned its king. Dangers, however, beset him 
even here. He has to fight a lengthy war with a tribe of giants, 
but after overcoming them, his wife, and a daughter Judic, of whom 
the writer says, " plus belle rien ne vit nulz hons vivant," come to 
share his kingdom. The manuscript breaks off when Huon is just 
entering on a new war. Another manuscript of the same date as 
the former contains the romance wholly rewritten and amplified in 
Alexandrine verse. It is of interest mainly for the familiar references 
it makes to another amplification of the story, le livre de Croissant, 
a great-grandson of Huon, which is only extant in the prose versions. 

Of other forms of the story we know very little. A beautiful 
manuscript in the Hamilton collection — le Roman du Loyal Comte 
Huon, bearing the date of 1341 — may or may not be a copy of one of 
the manuscripts which have been described as unique. So far as we 
know, it has never been examined by the French critics of mediaeval 
literature, and I have been unable to obtain a glimpse of it. 1 There 

1 My only knowledge of this MS. is derived from an account of the 
Hamilton MSS. recently sold to the German Government, and now I believe 
in Berlin, that appeared in the Atheruew*, November 11th, 1882. The 
description is as follows : — Huon, de Bordeaux : Le Roman du Loyal Comte 



exists, however, in the Dutch language two versions of the story, 
which are of interest as proofs of its ubiquitousness, if of little else. 
One in verse, dated about 1400, tells the tale of Huon's return from 
the East with a few slight variations from the tale as told in the 
13th century chanson de geste. The other is in prose of the first half 
of the 16th century. 1 It is very short, and the fact that the place of 
Gerames, Huon's companion in the French romance, is taken there by 
Aleaume (Alelmui), an uncle of the knight, who figures in the Chronicle 
of Albericus Trium Fontium, leads me to suppose that it is based on the 
chanson in some slightly earlier form than any now extant in France. 

§ 10. After so varied an existence as I have here sketched, the 
romance of Huon was finally reduced to prose in 1454. It was im- 
mediately based on the previous metrical versions, and probably the 
manuscript, now in Turin, was most frequently in the hands of its 
author. Only one difference of any importance is noticeable in the 
course of the story of Huon and Oberon. The latter's genealogy is 
slightly developed, and he is credited with other maternal relatives 
than those mentioned in the metrical romances. According to the 
prose story his mother was the lady of the island of Cephalonia, " who 
was sum tyme wel belouyde of the fayre Florimont of Albaney." But 
deserting Florimont, " who as then was yonge," she married another 
by whom she was the mother of Neptanabus and the grandmother of 
"Alexander y e grate." Her charms subsequently attracted "Sezar 
as he crossed to Thesalee wher as he fought with Pompee," and thus 
Julius Caesar was his father as in the previous versions. The 
reference to Florimont shows that the prosateur was acquainted with 
Aimes de Varenne's romance of that name, which, in the spirit of the 
poetical amplifiers, he doubtless laid directly under contribution when 
altering the pedigree of his fairy king. 2 The prose reduction, which 

Huon, in verse, a manuscript on vellum of the 14th century, being dated 1841. 
It is ornamented with 76 curious paintings illustrating the romance. 

1 Cp. Huyge von Bourdeup, ein Niederlandiscbes Volksbuch, herausgegeben 
von Ferdinand Wolf. Stuttgart, 1860. An original prologue gives some 
additional information as to Charles's history before the opening of the story. 
His wife is Hildegaert ; she has three sons and three daughters. 

2 Florimont is an early French romance, touching the ancestry of Alex- 
ander of Macedon. It has itself undergone a development very similar to 
that of Huon. In its earliest form it has been referred to the 12th century. 


has no other claim to originality, includes besides the legend of Huon 

the stories " of those that issued fro him." Three of the suites of the 

Turin manuscript, viz. : (1) the story of Esclaramonde, (2) that of 

Clariette and Florent, and (3) that of Ide and Olive, have been 

incorporated with it, and the last portion contains the romance of 

Croissant, which, as we have noted, has not found a place among the 

metrical remaniemejtts, and occurs here for the first time. The prose 

version was undertaken, an introductory note tells us, at the express 

desire of two great lords at the court of Charles VII. — Charles de 

Rochefort and Hugues de Longueval, and of a third person, Pierre 

Ruotte. No manuscript of it exists, though it doubtless was largely 

read in that form by the noblemen at the court of Louis XL, by 

whom compositions of the kind were held in high esteem. It was 

printed for the first time at Paris in 1513 by Michel Lenoir. 1 

§ 11. Of the popularity of the romance in France there is no lack 

of evidence, and to grasp its real position in continental literature, 

I may briefly dwell on it here. Many references to Huon and his 

adventures occur in the chansons de geste of a later date than the one 

to which he gives his name. His relationship to Oberon made a deep 

impression on subsequent poets. He is commonly known to them as 

Huelin a la clere fachon 
A qui fist tout de bien 1e bou roi Oberon, 

and elaborate attempts are often made to connect him and his father, 
Sevin de Bordele, in genealogical tables with other great families of the 
Charlemagne cycle. The number of extant poetical remaniements is 
itself a proof of the favour the tale met with in the middle ages, and 
the wide dissemination of the prose version of the story in later times 
is attested by the number of editions through which it passed. In the 
16th century it was reprinted no less than six times, and not only at 
Paris, but also at Rouen and Lyons. In the 17 th century seven new 
editions were published, and others followed in rapid succession in 

1 The colophon of the earliest British Museum copy, which is the only 
French prose version I have consulted, bears date le xxci iour de nouembre 
mil. v. cent et treize. Brunet (Manuel du Libraire s. v.) gives the date of 
the oldest copy known in France as le xxiiij iour de decembre mil cinq cens et 
seize. The printer is also Michel Lenoir. The Brit. Mus. copy (12341. i. 12) 
is therefore probably the earliest edition known. No French editor has noted 
an earlier edition than that of 1516. 

Digitized by 



subsequent years. 1 A curious fortune awaited the book in the reign 
of Henry II. The romance was dramatized, and a religious guild at 
Paris, whose members were known as " les confreres de la passion et 
resurrection de nostre sauveur et redempteur Jhesus Christ," under- 
took its performance during the Christmas festivities of the year 1557. 
Upon very few of the Charlemagne epics, as wo have had occasion to 
remark already, has the honour of a dramatic version been conferred, 
and the fact that Huon of Bordeaux was selected for the distinction is 
an emphatic proof of the high place it held in popular esteem. But 
objections were taken to the proposed representation. The Provost 
refused to allow the preparations to proceed, and the actors had to 
appeal to the Parlement of Paris, to enable them to carry out their 
original intention. Their petition, which greatly agitated the French 
capital, was granted with the limitation that lejeu de Huon was not 
to be performed within the hours " durant lesquelles se celebre le divin 
service par les eglises et parroises de ceste ville, et ce le lendemain de 
la feste de la Nativity Nostre seigneur et sans seandale." The opposi- 
tion to the performance was probably due in great part to the strictly 
religious character that the theatre in France bore at the time. Other 
indications of the general attention bestowed upon the romance are to 
be found in the French historical literature of the 17th century, where 
it is treated as a work of high historical authority, and Huon himself 
is seriously described as one of the heroes " of the antique woild," to 
whose valour the development of southern France was mainly due. 2 
In Germany it will be remembered that Wieland has based on the 
French prose romance of Huon, published in 1778 in an abridged 
form, his long poem of Oberon. Whatever opinion we may hold of its 
literary value, to it is due a wide extension of Huon's and Oberon's 
popularity on the continent. 8 

§ 12. The first edition of Lord Berners' English translation of the 

1 Brunet, Manuel du Libraire, a. v. 

3 M. Guessard's Jfnon, pp. xxvij — xxxiiij 

3 M. Girardin (Court de litterature dramatiq*ie. Hi. p. 235) has elabor- 
ately compared Wieland's poem with the old romance, and with justice com- 
plains of the incongruous idyllic sentiment introduced into the story of Huon's 
relations with Esclaramonde, whom Wieland has rechristened Rfzia, and of the 
complicated passions that the German poet foists upon his characters. Wie- 
land's Oberon was published in 1780. 



romance is wholly based on the French prose version. 1 Chapter by 
chapter it follows the printed copy of 1513, which may fairly be 
regarded as its original, and the translator has performed his task with 
the utmost fidelity. The book is of the highest rarity. For many 
years collectors imagined it to be irrecoverably lost, 2 but a copy, the 
only one of which we have any information at present, was sold at 
the sale of Dr. Bliss's library, and at the Corsser sale in 1869, when 
it was purchased by the late Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, and it is 
now the property of his son. 8 Two copies of a third edition of the 

1 Tabulating the results which have been arrived at as to the various 
portions of the prose story, Lord Berners 7 translation may be arranged thus : — 



L Chapters 1-85 (included in part I). I. The xiiith century Chanson de 

Oeste of Huon as it appears in 
the Turin M8. 

a. Chaps. 1-20. a. Vv. 1-2000 = an old Carlo- 

vingian legend. 

£. Chaps. 21-85. /3. Vv. 2000-10041 = later story 

of Oberon. * . 

g flL Chaps. 86-157. II. La Chanson d 1 Esclaramonde in 

g the Turin MS. 

IIL Chaps. 158-173 III. La Chanson de Clarisse et 

$ \ Florent in the Turin MS. 

IT. Chaps. 174-180. IV. La Chanson d'Ide et Olive in 

the Turin MS. 

k V. Chaps. 181 -end. V. La Roman de Croissant, referred 

to in the Paris MS. (II.) of the 
Alexandrian rifacimento, but not 
known elsewhere. 

Of the extant amplifications Le Roman d'Auberon, the story of Huon in 
Fairyland (in the Paris MS. I.) and the tale of Godin (in Turin MS.) are 
excluded from the prose versions. 

* Cf. Ritson's and Douce's MS. notes reprinted from a copy of the 3rd 
edition, infra, p. Ivi. 

s Through whose hands the copy has passed in previous centuries we do 
not know. Early in the 16th century it was probably in the hands of some 
love-sick youth who, in the writing of that date, has placed on the margin of 
Lord Crawford's copy (fols. cviii, back, and cix) the following lines: — 

My faythfull hart dothe loue right well 

Her that I can not atayne : 

Wherfore ther is no towng can tell 

The grefes that I su8tft)'ne. 

If I showlld spend a Burners day 

To wrytte in verse or prose, 

I cowlld my dolent mynd display, 

Nor yet hallf my loue disclose. 
In the seventh line not has been erased, and my superscribed, but both are 


Digitized by 



English romance are also extant, — one at the British Museum, and 
the other at the Bodleian Library, — and it is stated on their title- 
pages that the rude English of the earlier editions has been here 
corrected and amended. Of the intervening edition no trace has yet 
been found. 

§ 13. The life of Lord Berners, the English translator of the story, 
whose name has been " canonized in Fame's eternal calendar " as the 
translator of Froissart, forms an interesting but little-known chapter 
of our political and literary history, and a brief summary of such 
facts as I have been able to collect together will tend to give the 
romance before us an additional interest. Born probably at Tharfield 
in Hertfordshire about 1469, Anthony k Wood 1 is of opinion that, 
like Tiptoft, the Earl of Worcester, whom in point of literary culture 
he closely resembles, Berners was educated at Balliol College, Oxford. 
As early as 1474 he succeeded to the title of his grandfather, John 
Bourchier, who had been created Baron Berners 2 in 1455 and was 
a descendant of Edward III. through his mother, and a younger 
brother of Thomas Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury (1454-1486). 
On the marriage of one of the royal princes in 1477 he was knighted, 
and in 1484 at the early age of fifteen Lord Berners would seem to 
have entered into very active political life. He apparently joined in 
a premature attempt to raise Henry, duke of Richmond, to the throne, 
and on its failure he had to flee to Brittany. 8 After the accession 
of Henry VI L, who had received much assistance from his friends, 
Berners came prominently forward in English politics. In 1492 he 
entered into a contract " to serue the king in his warres beyond see on 
hole yeere with two speres." 4 Five years later he gave signal aid in 

needful for the sense. The copy sold for £19 at Dr. Bliss's sale, and £85 at 
the Corsser sale. 

1 Anthony a Wood, Athena Oxonienses, i. 72; see also Fuller's Hertford* 
shire Worthiest p. 32. By far the best memoir of Lord Berners is that prefaced 
to Mr. Utterson's edition of his translation of Froissart, but it is very 
imperfect. (Lond. 1812), i. pp. 4-23. 

* Dugdale's Baronage, ii. 129. Lord Berners' father is described as 
Humphry Bourchier, aud was slain at the battle of Barnet, and buried at 
Westminster Abbey. His mother was Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Frederick 
Tilney and widow of Sir Thomas Howard, knight. The first Lord Berners was 
the youngest son of the Earl of Ewe, whose heir was created Earl of Essex by 
Edward IIL » Hardyng's Chronicle (ed. Ellis, 1832), p. 529. 

4 Bymer, Foedera, zii. 479. 

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crushing a rebellion of Cornishmen against Henry VII.' 8 tax-gatherers 
under Michael Joseph, the blacksmith, and from that date he was 
received with high favour at court, as " a martial man, well seen in all 
military discipline." 1 Henry VIII. we know from many circum- 
stances to have been intimately acquainted with him. In 1513 he 
travelled in the king's retinue to Calais, 2 and was present with the 
English army at the capture of Terouenne, where he performed services 
of no little valour. The war in Scotland was also probably conducted 
under his superintendence, and he was marshal in the Earl of Surrey's 
army about the time when Flodden Field was fought. 8 On the 
occasion of the marriage of Princess Mary to Louis XII., 4 Lord Berners 
was appointed Chamberlain to the English Queen of France, 5 but 
he had no intention of remaining permanently abroad. He had 
already been granted by the king (18th May, 1514) the reversion to 
the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer, 6 and in 1516 (28th May) he 
was apparently inducted into the honourable post. 7 Arrayed in his 
official robes he at a later date sat for his portrait to Hans Holbein, 
the painter to Henry VIIL's court 8 In 1518 Berners was sent with 
the Archbishop of Armagh, a notable diplomatist of the day, on a 
special mission to Spain to form a lasting alliance between Henry 
VIII. and Charles of Spain, and the letters of the envoys represent 
Lord Berners suffering from a severe sickness. 9 He is, however, at 
times well enough to send home to Henry VIII. accounts of the 
bull-baiting and other sports that took place in the Spanish capital. 
Negotiations dragged on from April to December, and money was 
not sent from England with such regularity as to enable the am- 

• Fuller, p. 27. Walpole's Royal and Noble Authors, i. 239 

1 Brewer's Letters and Papers of Henry VIII., i. nos. 4307, 4314, &c 
» Ibid. i. 4375. « Oct. 9, 1514. 6 Ibid. i. 5483. 

• No. 6097. 7 Ibid. ii. do. 1946. 

• Wornum's edition of Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting, i. 82. In one hand 
he holds a lemon, which is thought to have been regarded as a safeguard 
against plague infections, and perhaps alludes to Lord Berners* escape from the 
disease, while attending to the duties of his office. The picture is now in the 
possession of the Hon. H. Tyrwhitt Wilson, a lineal descendant of Lord Berners, 
and is at Keythorpe Hall, Leicestershire. 

• Brewer's Letters, ii. 4383, 4436, &c. At times Berners is described as 
sick in bed, and the Archbishop has to perform the business of the embassy 
alone. In one letter gout is mentioned as the cause of his sickness. 


ba8sadors to live with comfort or dignity. 1 "God send hit (i. e. the 
embassy) an ende," Berners writes to Wolsey (26th July, 1518), " for 
we lye here with most charge and expence, horse & man, & in most 
scarcitie of all things as well meate as drink that may be thought" 
Early in 1519 Berners was again in England, and among the 
noblemen who were ordered to attend the king at The Field of the 
Cloth of Gold his name occurs. His reputation stood at the time 
very high, and the Privy Council gave him a vote of thanks (July 
2nd, 1520) for an account of the interview between the English and 
French kings that he had sent them from France. But Lord Berners' 
busy career was approaching an end. His activity can hardly be 
exaggerated. While holding high state offices, he had frequently 
attended Parliament, and had regularly performed the duties of 
Justice of the Peace for Hertfordshire and Surrey. 8 He had, 
moreover, entered upon several harassing law-suits, touching the 
ownership of several manors in Staffordshire, Wiltshire, and else- 
where, 8 and he was experiencing much pecuniary embarrassment. 
He had borrowed as early as 1511 £350 from the king, 4 and the 
loans were frequently repeated. He had no means wherewith to pay 
his debts : his health was failing, and he apparently desired leisure. 
A vacancy in the governorship of Calais seemed to present a means 
of relieving him of his difficulties, and in December 1520 he was 
appointed deputy of Calais during pleasure with £100 yearly for 
himself and £104 as ' Spyall money.' 5 And the remaining years of 
his life were spent in such retirement as his new position afforded. 

§ 14. It was at Calais that he undertook almost all his literary 
work. He had probably been, like several of his younger contem- 
poraries, a considerable reader from his youth, and may possibly have 
been one of those persons " of noble estate and degree," whom Caxton 
frequently describes as ever ready to assist him in his enterprises. 
Berners doubtless became well acquainted early in life with the French 
and Spanish languages, and thus he was enabled to make direct 

1 Brewer's Letter*, ii. no. 4342, 4228, &c. The payments to the embassy 
were 5 marks a day.— it p. 1477. 

* In all the Commissions of the Peace issued for these counties during the 
early years of Henry VIII. 's reign his name appears: r. Brewer's Letter* ptiMipt. 

» Ibid. iii. nos. 1286-8. * Ibid. i. no. 2044. * Ibid. hi. no. 1074. 

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acquaintance with the chivalric romances that formed the popular 
literature of both Spain and France. After his energetic work in 
previous years, time at Calais probably hung heavily on his hands, 
and he tells us that it was " somewhat in eschewing " of idleness 
which "is reputed to be the moder of al vices" that he began 
his labours as a translator. History, whether of fact or fiction, 
was, according to his own confession, his literary passion. " When 
I aduertysed, & remembred the many-folde commodyties of hystorie," 
he writes in the prologue to Froissart's Chronicle, "howe bene- 
fyciall it is to mortall folke, & eke howe laudable, & merytoryous a 
dede it is to write hy stories, [I] fixed my mind to do some thynge 
therin, & euer, when this ymaginayon came to me, I volued, tourned 
& redde many volumes, & bokes conteyning famouse histories." And 
it was thus that he was led to undertake the translation of a book 
like Froissart's Chronicles. But he was troubled by little critical 
sensitiveness as to the truth or falsehood of historical records, and 
he interpreted history in the freest possible sense. The impossible 
adventures in some of the books that he " did into our maternal 
tongue," he admitted " to our humayne reason, sholde seme to be 
incredible." "But then," he proceeds, "I called agayne to my 
remembrauuce, that I had redde, and seene many a sondrye volume of 
dyuerse noble hystoryes, wherein were contayned the redoubted dedes 
of the auncyent inuynsyble conquerours, & of ether ryght famous 
knighte*, who acheued many a straunge & wonderfull aduenture, 
the whyche, by playne letter to our vnderstandynge, sholde seme in a 
maner to be supernaturall ; wherefore I thought that this present 
treatise myght as well be reputed for trouthe as some of those." But 
credulity was by no means the most striking feature of Lord Bern era' 
literary character. There is a humility and simple piety in all his 
original writing that claims the loving respect of his readers. He 
did not presume, he says of one of his books, " to have reduced it in 
to fresshe ornate polysshed Englysshe, for T know myselfe insuffycyent 
in the facondyous arte of rethoryke." He never regarded himself as 
other than " a lerner of the language of Frensshe," although he had 
spent years in studying it. His prefaces invariably concluded with 
a hope that the reader would kindly view his shortcomings, and 



often with the words : — " In theyr so doynge, I shall praye to God 
that, after this vayne & transytory lyfe, he may brynge them vnto 
the perdurable joye of heuen. Amen." 1 

§ 15. It was Henry VIII., who had already so often befriended 
Lord Berners, that first encouraged, if he did not suggest, the 
great undertaking of his literary career — the translation of Froissart's 
Chronicle; and he writes himself that he was moved to the task 
"at the highe commaundement of my most redouted souerayne 
& lorde kynge Henry the viii." The first volume of the work 
was published in London in 1523, and the second and last in 
1525. And I regard this translation as Lord Berners' first published 
book. In the introduction he speaks with more than his usual 
modesty as an untried author, and in the tentative tone of a literary 
beginner details the principles of translation he has thought proper 
to adopt He begs all the "readers & herers therof to take this 
my rude translacion in gre." "And in that," he continues, "I 
haue not folowed myne authour worde by worde, yet I trust I haue 
ensewed the true reporte of the sentence of the mater : & as for the 
true namyng of all maner of persanages, contreis, cyties, townes, 
ryuers, & felds, whereas I coude not name them properly nor aptely 
in Englysshe, I haue written them accordynge as I founde them in 
frenche." * Of the success of the book it is unnecessary to dwell 
here. The noble gentlemen of England, for whom the translator 
stated it to have been written, gave it a warm welcome, and to its 
popularity has been ascribed the taste for historical reading and 
composition by which later literary compositions of the century were 
characterized. 3 The style is vivid and clear, and although a few 
French words have been introduced, Lord Berners has adhered, as a 
rule, so closely to English idiom that the work might almost be 
mistaken for an original English production. It was the longest, as 

1 See besides the Introduction to Froissart, that to Sir Arthur of Lytle 
Brytayne in Uttereon's reprint (1812), and to Cattel of Love in Walpole's 
Noble Awthort,i. 243-4. 

* These quotations are taken from the earliest edition of the translation 

3 Marsh, Hut of Englith Language, 1862, pp. 495-501, where a suggestive 
criticism of Berners 1 translation will be found. 


it was the highest in point of literary merit, of any of "the few prose 
histories that had appeared in our language. Hall, Fabian, and 
Holinshed were subsequently all more or less indebted to it, and 
repeated editions, published in Elizabeth's reign, testified to its 
continuous popularity. 

§ 16. The other works that Lord Berners undertook at Calais 
were of a very varied kind. The Charlemagne romance of Hum of 
Bordeaux, I think it probable, followed Froissart's Chronicle at no 
long interval, although its publication was probably much delayed. 
About the same time he undertook the translation from the French 
of The Hy story of Sir Arthur of Lytle Brytayne (*. e. Brittany), and 
of a Spanish romance known as The Castel of Love. 1 Later he 
rendered into English from a French version TJie Golden Boke of 
Marcus Aurelius, and although no other works from his pen are 
extant, he is credited by some writers with a 'comedy' entitled 
lte in Vineam, which, Anthony k Wood tells us, was frequently 
acted at Calais after vespers, and a tract on The duties of the 
inliabitants of Calais. 2 Warton, on the authority of Oldys, also 
ascribes to him a translation of Petrarch. 8 

§ 1 7. But while engaged in literary pursuits he did not neglect the 
duties of his office. In 1522 he had received the Emperor Charles 
V. before crossing the Channel on a visit to England, and the State 
Papers contain numerous letters from him to Wolsey and other great 
officers of State, as to the provisioning of the fortifications of Calais ; 
as to the distinguished strangers who arrived there; as to the 
movements of the armies of France or the Low Countries in the near 
neighbourhood, and like details. 4 But the close of his life does 
not appear to have been a happy one. "Weak in health and 
embarrassed by debt, had it not been for the encouragement he 
received from noble lords and ladies, at the special request of one or 
more of whom each of his books was undertaken, he would not, it 
seems, have persisted in his laborious work of translation. 5 He 

1 Walpole's Royal and Noble Authors, i. 242. 

1 Ath. Oxon. i. 33. 8 Warton, Hist of English Poetry, iii. p. 64. 

4 Henry VII V t Letters, vols. iv. v. vi., passim. 

6 The introduction to Hiton of Bordeaux in the Oxf. copy of the 1601 
edition ; see infra, p. li. 

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is bitterly harassed, as his letters show, by his continual lawsuits, 
which begin to touch his Hertfordshire property, and by the loans that 
the king had from time to time made him, and which still remained 
unpaid. In the last years of his life he tried to conciliate his 
Sovereign, who probably demanded payment in no gentle tone, 
by frequent presents of hawks; 1 but Henry apparently looked 
anxiously for the death of his old friend in order to distrain on 
his property for the debts still owing to him. During his last 
illness special agents of the king were despatched with indecent 
haste to watch over Berners* personal possessions in behalf of his 
creditors. At length on March 16, 1533, the end came. 2 Six days 
before, Lord Berners had completed his rendering into English of the 
Golden Boke of Marcus Aurelius, and doubtless knew then that his 
end was near. 8 On his death Henry showed little respect for his 
memory. He at once ordered all his goods in his house or the 
town to be arrested until further notice, and his post to be filled 
immediately. His affairs were found, owing to his illness, to be much 
disordered, but the inventory taken of his property, and, now at the 
Record Office, proves that he lived in no little splendour, and it 
contains an interesting entry stating that eighty books and four 
pictures formed part of his furniture. Unfortunately all details of 
these posses ions are irrecoverably lost. 4 It was thus experiencing 
his full share of the petty vexations of life that Lord Berners passed 
away. To most readers he survives nowadays as a shadowy name ; 
but such details as I have set down show that hi* exploits in the 
various spheres of war, politics, and literature give him a strong claim 
to a place among the worthies of 16th century England. 

§ 18. Of the popularity of all Lord Berners' works, and of Hmn in 

1 Cp. Privy Purse Expenses for 1529-31, pp. 54 and 231, where gratuities 
to Lord Berners* servant* for bringing the hawks are recorded. 

1 Henry VIII* s Paper*, vi. nos. 238 and 239. A letter begins bearing date 
March 16, 1533, " My lord deputy is dead." 

9 The first edition of 1534 has in the colophon the words: " Ended at 
Caleis the tenth Daie of Marche, in the yere of the Reigne of our Soveraygne 
Lorde Kyng Henry the VIII. xxiiii." (i. e. 1533). 

4 I carefully examined the inventory in the hope of finding some account 
of Lord Berners' books. All that occurs there on the subject is : — "Item in the 
stody f,y books vz oon of Latten & frenche," and below, " iiij pictours." — 
Cp. Brewer's Letters (in Mr. Gairdner's continuation), vi. p. 611. 



particular, there is no lack of evidence. Romances from the reign of 
Henry VIII. to that of Charles I. formed the most popular literature 
in England. Their numbers were prodigious. A brief examination 
of the Stationers' Registers shows with what energy the printers set 
before their public translations of French, Oriental, Italian, and 
Spanish story-books. At the opening of the century Caxton and 
Lord Berners have themselves described how anxiously the noble 
classes, who formed the only contemporary reading public, awaited 
the publication of their translations. Nor, when the stage was at 
the height of its prosperity, did the romances cease to be the favourite 
recreation of the reading classes, which grew in number as the 
century advanced. The plays, it must be remembered, were not 
designed for private perusal Their appearance in print was due 
to fraud and piracy, and was a constant source of complaint with 
authors, managers, and actors. Only a few play-books found their 
ways into the hands of readers, and recourse continued to be 
made to works like those before us. A writer in 1586 tells us 
with what unalloyed delight a country gentleman would listen to 
"pleasant mad-headed knaves, that bee properly learned & will 
reade in diuerae pleasaunt bookes & good Authors: as Sir Guy 
of Warwicke, the foure sonnes of Ammon," and works of like 
description. 1 Edmund Spenser in his famous letter to Sir "Walter 
Raleigh writes that it was because he desired to be " most plausible 
and pleasing " that he coloured his allegory " with an historical fiction, 
the which the most part of men delight to read." George Chapman * 
in 1611 describes a typical Statesman as one who was well acquainted 
with the Gesta Romanorum and similar volumes. Some writers are 
inclined to bestow extravagant eulogy on the romances of Chivalry. 
Thus John Taylor, the water-poet, writes, with perhaps a touch of 
sarcasm, when speaking of their heroes : " In all ages and countries it 
hath euer bin knowne that famous men haue florished, whose worthy 
Actions & Eminency of place haue euer bene as conspicuous Beacons 
Burning & blazeng to the Spectators' view. The sparkes & flames 

1 English Courtier and the Cuntrey Gentleman, 1586, quoted in Mr. 
FurnivaU's edition of Captain Corn's Ballads. — Ballad Society, p. six. 
* Chapman's May Day, iii. 1. 



whereof hane sometimes kindled courage in the most coldest & 
effeminate cowards." But such literature had at the same time its 
detractors, as much of it well deserved. Roger Ascham in his 
Scholemaster (1571), like the niece of Don Quixote, regarded all the 
romances as mischief-makers, and complained that even Sir Thomas 
Malory's Morte d? Arthur was full of 1 slaughter' and 'bawdrie.' 1 
Similarly, Francis Meres, in his Palladia Tamia of 1598, censured 
romantic histories as being "no lesse hurtfull to youth then the 
works of Machiavell to age." 2 Robert Burton bitterly complains of 
the gentry : " if they read on a book at any time it is an English 
Chronicle w (like Amwlis de Gaule, &c), " a playe booke or some 
pamphlet of news," 8 and elsewhere he says of " such Inamoratoes as 
read nothing but play-bookes, idle poems," and so forth, that many 
"proue in the ende as mad as Don Quixot"* But nevertheless 
romances continued to be generally read till the time of the Rebellion, 
especially by the half-educated classes. 6 Beaumont and Fletcher in 
their humorous farce of the Knight of the Burning Pestle show how 
chivalric tales fatally disturbed the equanimity of the lower middle 
classes at a little earlier date. 6 

§ 19. Of such popularity and such censure Lord Berners' trans- 
lation enjoyed a full share. His hero for a hundred years was given a 
place among the worthies of antiquity. He is set beside Godfrey of 
Boulogne, King Arthur and his knights in a poem, written shortly 
after the death of Henry VIII., 7 the form of which is almost 
identical with Villon's Ballade des dames mortes, familiar to most 
English readers in Rossetti's exquisite translation. In 1558 the book 
is mentioned in an inventory of the property of Richard Brereton, 

1 Ascham, Scholematter, p. 80. (Arber's Edition). Cp. his Toxophilm. 

* Mere's PaUadU Tamia, 1598, p. 2668. 

8 Anatomic of Melancholic, ed. 1621, p. 183. « Ibid, p. 353. 

6 Cp. London Chavnticlccre*. 1659, where much popular literature of 
the kind is referred to. — Hazlitt's Dodtley, vol. xii. 

• The play was first performed 1613. A grocer's apprentice is there 
driven from his shop by a desire of pursuing feats of arms, and cuts a very 
ridiculous figure. It reached its height of popularity about 1635. 

7 Percy's Folio MS. Ballads and Romance t (ed. by Hales and Furnivall), 
1868, iii. p. 171. On the Fall of Princes :— " Where is Huon of Bordeaux, 
where is he ? " 


and valued at the high sum (for those days) of xviijd, 1 and in 1572 
the work is referred to among others, in a brief pamphlet, as fit for 
gentlemen's reading. 2 Three years later Master Laueham in his letter, 
descriptive of the Kenil worth festivities of 1575, tells us how Cox, 
the quixotic old Captain of Coventry, who took a leading part in 
the pageants, had Huon of Bordeaux among other famous romances 
" at his fingers' ends." 3 Gervase Markham, a voluminous prose 
writer on practical subjects in Elizabeth's day, in A / Health to the / 
Gentlemanly profession of Seruing men (1578), has quoted largely 
from Lord Berners , translation, when ingeniously illustrating the 
evil influence of Mammon. 4 Spenser was evidently well acquainted 
with the book, and describes how Sir Guyon, his knight of 

" knighthood tooke of good Sir Huon's hand, 
When with King Oberon he came to Faery land." 5 

Similarly Huon of Bordeaux is panegyrized by John Taylor, the 

water-poet, in the passage I have quoted above, and bitterly censured 

by Francis Meres and Robert Burton. But there exists another 

curious indication of the high place the romance continued to hold 

in popular esteem at the end of the century. An entry in Philip 

Henslowe's Diary proves that it was dramatized and produced in that 

form by the players of the Earl of Sussex in 1593-4. The note runs 

as follows : — 

Rd at hewen of burdoche, the 28 of desembr 1593 iij u . x\ 
Rd at hewen of burdokes, the 3 of Jenewary 1593(-4) xiiij B . 
Rd at hewen, the 11 of Jenewary 1593(-4). 6 v\ 

The play, although no trace of it is now extant, was thus at least 

three times performed. 

§ 20. A review of the position that Huon of Bordeaux holds in our 

literary history would be manifestly incomplete without some reference 

1 HaUiwelPs Folio cf Shakespeare, vol. v. p. 85. 

* A Brief and Necessary Instruction, kc, by E. D. 1672. Quoted from 
Collier by Mr. Furaivall in his introduction to Cox's Ballads. 

* Nicholl's Progresses of Queen Elizabeth. London, 1823, i. 449. Lane- 
ham's letter is here reprinted. 

4 FoL G, 4. Only two copies of this rare pamphlet are, I believe, known. 
Both are in the Douce collection of the Bodleian Library. See below, chaps, 
cviii.-cx. (the story of the Adamant), whence the passage is taken. 

6 Faerie Queene, bk. LLC. • Ilenslowe's Diary (ed. Collier), pp. 31-2. 


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to the Oberon of Elizabethan literature. That the fairy king first 
became known to this country through the agency of Lord Berners' 
version of his story, there cannot be a shadow of a doubt. Chaucer, 
it is true, gave to Pluto the title of " King of Faerie " in his Marehantes 
Tale, 1 but the little dwarf Oberon, with his unapproachable beauty 
and gentle carriage, is the only rightful possessor of the throne of 
fairy land in our literature. The question has before been raised as 
to whether Shakespeare was acquainted with Lord Berners' Huon of 
Bordeaux when he wrote Midsummer Night 1 8 Dream. There is no 
obvious identity of spirit between the protector of Huon and the 
husband of Titania, and we can only give a tentative answer. Oberon 
had appeared on the throne of fairy land before Shakespeare produced 
his comedy. In the Faerie Queene he figures in the Antiquitie of 
Faerie as the latest sovereign of the enchanted world. 2 In 1591 the 
fairy king had appeared in a dramatic entertainment, exhibited before 
Queen Elizabeth when on a progress in Hampshire. 3 Similarly, 
he plays a part in Green's tragedy of James IV. (1594), 4 but he 
there retains so few of the characteristics of the French original, and 
holds so incongruous and absurd a position, that we should be loth, 
although many critics have supported the assumption, to believe that 
Shakespeare was under obligation to so despicable a production. The 
Oberon of the great poet's fairy-comedy, although he is set in a 
butterfly environment, still possesses some features very similar to 
those of the romantic fairy king. If he is not brought into relations 
with so purely mundane institutions as the Papacy and the Empire, 
he is concerned in the affairs of Athens. One point in Midsummer 
Nighfs Dream, moreover, seems to make the relationship between 
the two Oberons a matter of less doubt than has been generally 
allowed. The mediaeval fairy dwells in the East : his kingdom is 
situated somewhere to the east of Jerusalem, in the far-reaching 
district that was known to mediaeval writers under the generic name 
of India. Shakespeare's fairy is similarly a foreigner to the western 

1 Canterbury Tales, line 10,101, kc. 

1 F. Q., bk. II. x. 75. 3 Harwell's Fhlio of Shakespeare, i. 80. 

4 The Scottish* story of James the Fovrthe slayn at Fjlttdden intermixed 
with a pleasant Camedie presented by Oboron ktnge of ffayres. — Arber'a 
Transcript, ii. 648. 

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world. He is totally unlike Puck, his lieutenant, " the merry wanderer 
of the night," who spiings from purely English superstition, and it 
is stated in the comedy that he has come to Greece " from the farthest 
steep of India." Titania, further, tells her husband how the mother 
of her page-boy gossiped at her side, 1 in their home, " in the spiced 
Indian air by night-falL" 2 And it will be remembered that an 
Indian boy causes the jealousy of Oberon. Some portions of the 
romance I, therefore, believe Shakespeare to have assimilated, and to 
be still visible in his ethereal play. The inference is perhaps 
supported by a direct reference to Huon of Bordeaux, as some 
commentators have regarded it, in another of Shakespeare's comedies. 
In Much Ado About Nothing, Benedick offers among the many 
u embassages " he would undertake rather than hold three words with 
Beatrice, to " fetch you the hair of the Great Cham's Beard," 3 and it 
has been supposed that we have here an allusion to Huon's endeavour 
to obtain the beard of the Admiral of Babylon. 4 The origin of the 
later Oberons of Drayton, Randolph, and Herrick calls for no com- 
ment here. They are obviously based on Shakespeare's own fairy king. 

When Lord Berners' translation ceased to be read, the achieve- 
ments of Huon of Bordeaux lapsed into obscurity. But his story was 
curiously revived at the beginning of this century. Wieland, the 
German poet, as I have said already, based on Huon of Bordeaux 
his poem of Oberon, and Mr. Sotheby's English translation of the 
production gained great popularity in this country. Upon it, moreover, 
was based the libretto of Weber's opera of Oberon, which was written 
for and first performed in a London theatre (April 12, 1826). It is 
thus that the name of the knight of Bordeaux, as the hero of the 
opera, has found brief mention in one of Thackeray's novels. 5 

i Jf. N. D. II. ii. 65-6. * Ibid. II. ii. 10. 3 Much Ado, II. I 263. 
4 Halliwell's Folio of Shaketpeare, iv. 77. Cartwright in his Siege, or 
Love % $ Convert , 1651, p. 157, has imitated the passage and brought it iuto 
closer harmony with Huon's mission. 

" Fetch yon a hair of the Great Cham's beard ; 
No more ? I'd thought you would have bid me pull 
The Parthian king by th' beard, or draw an eye-tooth 
From the jaw royall of the Persian monarch." 
* Neircomet, i. 115. J. J. Ridley when listening to Miss Cann's feeble 
piano-strumming imagines he sees before him " Sir Huon of Bordeaux sailing 
up the quay with the Sultan's daughter of Babylon/' 

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§ 21. The bibliography of Lord Beruers' translation demands some 
fuller attention than we have already given it. The editio princeps is 
a black-letter folio of 191 leaves, and is embellished by grotesque 
initial-letters, and by numerous woodcuts which are more than once 
repeated, and often indicate much delicacy of workmanship. It is 
in many ways imperfect. The book almost certainly began, like 
Caxton's romances, and the other extant works of Lord Berners, with 
an address to the reader, followed by "a table with all the chapiters 
as they stande in the boke in order," both of which the extant 
volume is without. In its present condition it abruptly opens with 
the statement that "here begynnethe the boke of duke Huon of 
Burdeaux, and of them that issuyd fro him." The last page is 
likewise missing, and half of the last but one has been torn away. 
Thus we have lost the colophon with its record of the date of the 
work. It is therefore a difficult matter to state precisely to what 
year its publication should be assigned. We have some external 
evidence to guide us, and the internal character of the book and its 
typography may give some assistance. But it is a question which we 
cannot decide with absolute certainty. 

A few of the facts in Lord Berners' career will aid us in fixing 
approximately the time during which the book was written. 

The length of the romance of Huon precludes us from supposing 
that it could have been completed before his retirement to Calais ; 
and, if I am right in assuming that Froissart's Chronicles was the 
first literary work that he produced, we must pronounce Huon to 
• have been translated between 1525, the date of the completion of 
Froissart, and 1533, the year of Lord Berners 7 death. But whether 
it was published within that period, other external evidence renders 
by no means certain. I believe that like the Golden Boke of 
Marcus Aurelius, and possibly other of his works, it was published 
posthumously through the aid of an old friend. 

In the Oxford copy of the third edition, dated 1601, occurs some 
thirty lines bearing the superscription — The printer to the Historic 
ensuing — and an examination of this prefatory note which, I can- 
not doubt, was reprinted, with some revision, from the first and 
probably the second editions, will, we hope, materially aid us in 

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settling the question. The preface is divisible into two parts. The 

first rehearses in general terms the uses to which the good examples 

of such chivalric knights as Huon may be put, and resembles so 

closely in style and sentiment the introductory notes written by Lord 

Berners* own hand in his other works as to create a presumption 

in favour of the belief that it has been rewritten in somewhat 

heightened language from his own manuscript. 1 The second details 

the circumstances under which the romance came to be translated 

and printed. The concluding half runs as follows : — 

u Hence ensued (t. e. from the desire to promulgate heroic 

examples — as expressed in the opening sentences) that desertfull 

& worthy to bee remembred purpose, of Sir John BourcJiier, 

Knight, Lord Berners, when not onely in the woorke of Huon 

of Bourdeaux, but many other famous translations of like conse- 

1 For purposes of readier comparison, and to prove that the prologue in the 
1601 edition, does not contradict, with any internal evidence, my belief that 
it has been taken from the first edition with possibly some " amendment," I 
have printed the opening sentence of it and the Froistart prologue side by side. 


What condygne graces & thankes 
ought men to gyue to the writers of 
hiatoryes, who with their great la- 
bours, haue done so moche profyte to 
the humayne lyfe : they shewe, open, 
manifest, k declare to the reader by 
example of olden antiquitie k what 
we shulde enquere, desyre k folowe : 
k also what we shulde cschewe, auoyde 
k utterly flye : for whan we (beynge 
vnexpert of chances) se, beholde k rede 
the auncyent gestes k dedes, ho we k 
with what labours, daungers k paryls 
they were gested k done, they right 
greatly admonesh, ensigne k teche, vs 
howe we maye lede forthe our lyues : 
k farther he that hath perfyte know- 
ledge of others ioye, welth k highe 
prosperi to k also trouble, sorowe k 
great aduersyte, hath thexpert doc- 
tryne of all parylles ; . . . What 
knowledge shulde we haue of auncyent 
thynges past, k historie were nat? 
whiche is the testymony thereof, the 
lyght of trouthe, the maystres of the 
lyfe humayne, the presydent of remem- 
braunce &the messangerof antiquyte. 


The foundation of all true fame 
k repute, which in this world is 
most to be reckoned of k esteemed, 
(according to the opinion of all writers 
both ancient & moderne) consisteth in 
bold, honourable, k heroycall resolu- 
tion, which en flames the soule with a 
continuall thirsting desire, of pursu- 
ing braue k generous purpose, per- 
forming of high k adventurous 
actions, which (when their bodies are 
mantled up in the obscure moulde of 
earth) leaueth their names cannon - 
ized in Fames aeternall Calender, k 
renounes them as rare presidents to 
all following Posterities. 

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quence by him perfourmed, he gaue witnesse to the world of so 
laborious an endeavour, & (as it were) squared out an excelent 
platfourme for generous imitation. But let me not herewithal forget, 
that the right noble Earle of Huntingdon, Lord Hastings, was a 
continuall spurre to him in the pursuite of such paines, & likewise a 
cheerful 1 encourager of me in the imprinting, assisting euer both witli 
his purse & honorable countenance the travaile that sorted so good 
example. Which being now finished & made compleat, etc" The 
colophon of the same volume states similarly that the translation was 
undertaken by Lord Berners at the request of Lord Hastings, Earl of 

We have here a clear allusion to Lord George Hastings, who was 
the companion of Lord Berners in more than one of his campaigns in 
France, and who was created Earl of Huntington in 1530, after 
which date these sentences must have been written. Similarly, it 
will be noticed that the reference to Lord Berners' labours is couched 
in the past tense, and could scarcely have been penned in his life- 
time (t. e. before 1533). The services done by Lord Huntingdon to 
the printer here commemorated are, however, clearly connected 
with the first publication of the romance, — with the printing of 
Lord Berners' manuscript. The expression of thanks for his aid is 
directly rendered to the Earl, so that the preface and the book, to 
which it refers, must have been printed while he was still alive, — that 
is, before 1542, the year of his death. We should therefore assign 
the first edition to some date after 1533, and before 1542. 

The conclusion is supported by the opinion of bibliographical 
experts. Lowndes, in the Bihliograplier's Manual* stated that he 
believed it to have been printed by Copland about 1540, but the 
date we are inclined to think is too late by about six years. It is 
also improbable from a comparison of Lord Crawford's Huon with the 
type and woodcuts of works from William Copland's press that he was 
the printer. No folio romances, it should further be remembered, 
were printed by him before 1550. Mr. William Pickering, who care- 
fully examined the type and paper of the unique copy of the first 
edition, judged that it proceeded from the press of Wynkyn de Worde 

1 1850, p. 1146. 



or Pynson. 1 Mr. R. A. Graves of the British Museum, whose opinion 
is of a high value in a question of this kind, although he has been 
unable to find any book with exactly the same type, woodcuts, or 
initial letters, as in the one before us, has arrived at the conclusion 
that in its typographical features it most closely resembles the works 
of Wynkyn de Worde. The differences between the type and initial 
letters, for instance, of the present book and Wynkyn de Worde's 
Boke named tJie Boiall, are certainly minuter than in any other 
works of the time that I have examined. Wynkyn de Worde died 
towards the end of the year 1534, and was engaged at his press 
until the last. My final conclusion, therefore, is that Lord Crawford's 
copy of Huon of Bordeaux should be dated about 1534 (*. e. after 
March 16th, 1533, and before January, 1535), and that Wynkyn de 
Worde was its printer. 

It is still more difficult to determine the date of the second edition, 
which has been wholly lost No trace of it appears in the Stationery 
Registers. But the colophon of the third edition, which was prob- 
ably a rough reprint by an enterprising bookseller of the second 
edition, itself doubtless a reprint of the first, may enable us to fix 
the year of publication. It is there stated that the book was 
translated by Lord Berners u in the year of our Lord God one 
thousand five hundred three score and ten." Such an assertion 
taken literally is wholly gratuitous, but it seems probable that it 
applies to the date of the second edition, whence the words were 
erroneously copied into the third. Lord Berners* romance may there- 
fore be said to have been published for a second time in 1570. The 
fact that several bibliographers at the beginning of the century 
assert distinctly that Huon of Bordeaux was printed by Copland, 
makes it just possible that the second edition came from his press. 

1 Mr. W. 0. Hazlitt {Handbook to Popular Literature of Great Britain, 
1867, p. 289) states it to have been published by Robert Redborne, in 1535. 
The entry of the book in the catalogue of the Coreser sale, makes it clear that 
Pickering's opinion, which is quoted by several authorities in favour of 
Redborne, was as we have stated it above. It is worth noting that several 
cuts resembling those in Huon appear in Pynson's Sege and dystruccyon of 
Troye (1513). They are, however, less finished, and are evidently taken from 
wholly different blocks. It is just possible that they were copied by the 
engraver who worked the Huon illustrations. 



The circumstance that he wa9 the leading publisher of romantic 
literature at the time, strongly supports the inference. 

The edition of 1601, of which, as I have noted, two copies are 
extant, calls for some comment. It is evidently carelessly edited, 
and has incorporated, I have shown, features peculiar to the first 
and second edition indifferently. Its title-page runs as follows : — 
" The / ANCIENT / honor able, famous / and delightfull Historie of 
Huon of / Bourdeaux, one of the peeres / of Fraunce and Duke of 
\Gayenne / Enterlaced with the loue of many La/dies as also the 
fortunes & aduentures of Knights' / errant, their amorous Seruants / 
Being now the Third time imprinted & the rude ILng/lish corrected 
and amended. / London. Printed by Thomas Purfoot, and are to be 
sould by / Edward White, at his shop at the little North dore / of 
Poules at the signe of the Gunne. 1601." 1 

Neither the copy at the British Museum, nor that at the 
Bodleian library is quite perfect. The former wants the last pages, 
and from the latter some twenty pages towards the end are missing. 2 
They are in black-letter octavos, but in type and paper are very inferior 
to the first edition, and are without woodcuts. A rude attempt has 

1 1. The Brit. Mus. copy (C. 40d. 42) has on the fly-leaf a MS. note by 
Mr. Utterson, who reprinted several of Lord Berners' works at the beginning 
of this century. It runs as follows: — "This is the only copy of L 4 Berners' 
translation of Huon of Bordeaux I have ever met with, although in search of 
it for many years." — B. V. U. " The writing on the last page," it continues, 
in reference to the beautiful manuscript imitations of priut which stands in 
place of the lost pages, "in completion of the work, is, I am told by a 
competent hand (?) that of the late Mr. Henderson, the Tragedian, to whom, 
therefore, it is fair to infer the volume had formerly belonged." On the same 
page is the autograph of '* R. Farmer," and in two different hands (probably 
of booksellers) are set the prices £0 10*. 6d. and £1 10*. Od. 

2. The Bodleian copy belonged to Douce, and in his hand appear the 
following MS. notes I. "This the third edition, no other is known at 
present to exist." IL "TW i have entered the frl title in my list, it neither 
appears where there is a copy of it nor how i am authorized to say Lord 
Berners was the translator for w' b however i presume there is good authority " 
(Ritson). This copy is further stated iu another note to have been bought at 
Major Pearson's sale for £1 Is. 0d„ and at Mr. Stevenson's sale for £1 5*. Od. 

2 In the Bodleian copy, all between chapters 166 and the middle of chapter 
171, and between chapter 176 and the last page of the last chapter 184 is missing. 
It, however, possesses the preface which we have already discussed, and a table 
of the chapters, both of which the British Museum copy is without. The 
latter copy has lost its proper title-page and colophon. They are written in 
printed characters. 



been made to revise the language of the translation, and to adapt its 
style to the euphuistic prose of the later part of the 16th century. 
But after the first few pages the reviser of the " rude English " has 
abandoned any intention of radically " correcting " the text, and he 
has contented himself with translating the conspicuously obsolete 
words and phrases into their more modern equivalents. His labour 
has for us a very high value. A comparison of the first and third 
editions very adequately illustrates the change our language had 
undergone, between the early and the late years of the century, and 
the variant readings of the latter have therefore been collated in the 
present edition with Lord Berners 1 own version and printed at the 
bottom of each page. 1 

Of a later edition of Huon of Bordeaux we have no positive 
information, but the following entry in the Stationers 1 Register in 
1615 proves that its copyright continued to be of value to the 
publisher, and that it may possibly have been subsequently reprinted. 

Sexto Novembris : 1615 

Master Purfbote / En tred for his copies by order of a full Court 
holden this Day all theis following which were 
the copies of Master Thomas Pnrfoote his father 
Deceased ...... X* 


Tlie History of Huon of Burdeaux.* 

§ 22. Thus it will be seen that Lord Berners* rendering of the 
romance before us has many points of interest for English readers. 
To the bibliophile the first edition has infinite attractions. All Lord 
Berners' works are in his eyes to be more coveted than "fine gold," 
but none has so painfully tantalizing a bibliographical history as the 
book before us. By the student of language the work must likewise 
be highly valued. The translator's literary style displays, as well as 
he could desire, the capacity of the English language at the date of 
its composition, and the presence of a third edition of a later date 

1 With Part II. will be published an essay on the linguistic points of 
difference between the two editions. 

% Arber's Transcript, III. 265ft. Ilnon stands among a number of other 
books ; next above it is The booke of Palmestrye, and below, Tlie Italian 

Digitized by 

1 viii 


in which Lord Bemers* English has been "amended" gives him 
the best procurable opportunity of tracing the growth of our lan- 
guage in Tudor times. Nor by the reader of English literature must 
the romance be lightly estimated. It beguiled, as we have seen, the 
leisure hours of many generations of our ancestors, and it introduced 
King Oberon to the Elizabethan dramatists and poets. I have 
omitted to dwell here upon its purely literary characteristics, not be- 
cause they are deficient in number or without prominence, but because 
I desired my readers to detect them for themselves. Although the 
story has not the variety or the sustained interest of the Morte 
U Arthur, and cannot escape censure for glaring faults of construction, 
that it shares, throughout its latter portions, with others of its class, 
many pages in the chapters contained in the present volume are 
characterized by high artistic merit. Although the battles of brave 
Huon, and his murderous attacks upon infidel Saracens may prove 
wearisome at times, the simple honesty of his character cannot fail to 
win our sympathy, and we feel drawn closer to him because he is no 
model knight ; because he cannot always resist the ordinary human 
passions, and is cursed with a perilous inquisitiveness. Similarly 
Esclaramonde, the Saracen maiden, " the most fayrest creature in all 
Inde, the most swetest and most courtesest," is depicted with a 
charming na'iveti. Love at first sight could hardly be portrayed 
with a more fascinating quaintness than in the words describing 
the effect upon her of Huon's first rude embrace, which it is part 
of his mission to Babylon to hazard. " She sawe hym so fayre & 
felte his mouth so swete that she thought without she myght haue 
hym to her louer, she sholde dye for sorrow, so that she chaunged 
couloure, & blusshyd as ruddye as a rose." Of Oberon I have 
already spoken at some length, but I have left it to my readers to 
appreciate for themselves the grace and sweetness of his character. 
He is only half a fairy. The grief that Huon's many failings cause 
him, his high moral tone, and his humble bearing give him a higher 
human interest than we are accustomed to associate with the inhabit- 
ants of a supernatural world ; and there is nothing grotesque about 
his powers of enchantment. Throughout the story he embodies the 
spirit of mediaeval piety with its material anticipations of a future 



life. " And whan," he says, as he concludes his account of the mar- 
vellous capacities with which the fairies have endowed him, " I shall 
departe out of this worlde, my place is aperrelyd in paradyce, for I 
know that all thyngs creatyd in this mortall world must nedys haue 
an ende." With some occasional omissions, which each reader will 
determine for himself, the romance cannot fail to reward perusal If the 
language is less melodious than the minstrel's viol described in its 
pages as making " so swete a sownde that it semed to be the mer- 
maydes of the see," much of it is not to my ear without a music of 
its own, and, if the pleasure that the story can give, is not that to be 
derived from the most cunning literary workmanship, the travellers 
who are wont to saunter along the bye- ways of our literature will not, 
I believe, regret snch time as they spend in surveying its " antique 
pageantry," and in listening to its recital 

Of turneys and of trophies hung, 
Of forests and enchantments drear." 

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^ere begynnythe the boke of duke Huon of 
burdeux & of them that issuyd fro him. 

Capitulo .i. 

n 2 the tyme acountyde the yere of grace a.d. 756. 
.vii. c. & lvi. yeres after the crucyfyynge 
of oure Sauyour Ihu Cryst, ther reygnyd 
in f ranee the ryght glorious and Tictor- 
yous prynce Charlies the grete, nam yd Ch»riet th» 
Charleniayn / who in his tyme acheuyde, and brought in Franc*, 
to an ende many hygh dedes and gret enterprysys by 
12 the grace that oure lord god had gyuyn hym in this 
transetory worlde / for he sayd that god had gynyn hym 
the grace to haue the wyt and conduyt so to do / god 
sent to aid hym, to acomplyshe, & to brynge to an ende 
16 his noble enterprysys many a noble prynce and baron / with the aid of 
so that, by the ayde of theyr forsses, with the noble uroMhThad 4 
proueB that god had enduyd them withall / he cowqueryde tl^ilmnnS?** 
the Almayns / Sciauoney / & Spayne / and parte of 8Uv<mia » 8pain ' 

* Fol. i. col. 1 (A. i.). 

* In the 1 amended ' edition of 1601, this paragraph runs 
thus : — I italicize all changes : — 

In the time by computation called y* yeere of grace, which 
was Seauen Hundred, Fifty & Six yeares after our Sauiours 
sufferings ; Charles the great, more vulgarly knowen by the 
name of Cbarlemaine, a right royally religimis, $ warlike 
Prince, rained at KINO in Fraunce, Emperour of Rome. 
Whose course of time was apply cd to many high & heroycall 
enterprises, wherein the favour of heaven was evermore so 
assistant to him. as his owne heart and good hopes crowfied 
him with the honovr of many snccessfuU victories : enabling 
all his endeavovrs with the aid of diners noble Princes & 
Barons, whose chiualrie $ right knightly perfovrvtances, 
entitled him to the conquest of Almaigne, Sclauonia, Spaine, 

Digitized by 




[Ca. ii. 

pnrt of Africa Affryke / & Saxoney / wher as he had moehe ado / but at 

and Saxony, * ' 

the ende, by the ayde of his noble barons and chyualrey / 
he subduyde and put them to playne dyscounfyture, and 
was crownyde with the crowne of the holy empyre of 4 
and Rained Rome / the renoume of hym and of hys noble valiaunt 

immortal renown. 

chyualry strechyd out of y e eest in to the west in such 
wyse that for euer theyr shalbe 1 made of hym pe?-petuall 
memory, as here after ye shall here. 8 

% How the Emperour Charlemayn requyryd 
hys barons that they wolde chose one 
amonge them to gouerne his empyre. 

Ca. .ii. 12 
o it was after that this ryght noble 
Emperour charlemayn had lost his 
dere nepheuse Rolant & Olyuer, & 
dyuers other barons and knyghtes, in 16 
the ryght pyteous* & dolorus batayle 
that was at Rownseuall / where as theyr was so 
grete & so pyteous a losse that al y e .xii. peres of 
fra;?ce theyr were slayne excepte the good Duke Names 20 
of Bauier. On a day y e noble Emperour held open 
he summoned his court at his noble 3 Cite of Paris / where as their was 4 
mT»t Pari* meet " many / Dukes, Erles / and barons / sonnes / and 

nepheuse & parents 8 of the noble prynces before slayn 24 
and deed in the fore sayde batayle / by the purchace 6 
and grete treason done and ymagenyde 7 / by Duke 

Saxonie, & a great part of Affrike, in all which attempt* it it 
not to be doubted, but both he $ they had their hondes full of 
busie iwployments. But let it suffice, God was their guide, 
Religion the cause. Honour the obiect y $ per pet u all Fame the 
reward, which both led him $ his traine to these worthy 
attempts, $ still brought them backe with the due to theyr 
valorous Enterprises : extending both his $ their renoirne 
to all parts of the world. 4* registring their names in the 
Kalender of neuer dying memorie. 

1 shalbe be orig. 3 unfortunate. 3 cheefe. 
4 were assembled. * kindred. 8 falshood. 
7 contrived. 

After the 
Emperor's piteous 
loss of eleven of 
his twelve peers 
at Roncesvnlles, 

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Ca. il] 



Ganelon / the noble Emperour euer beynge after in 
doloure / and thougt 1 / by reason of the grete anoyaunce 
and dyspleasure that he hade of 8 hys sayde losse / and 
4 also by cause that he was sore 8 febylle for 4 the grete 
age that 6 he felt hymself in. 5 Thus when the kynge / 
and the pryncea and barons hade dynyd 6 / the noble H»vin* dined 
Empe 7 rour called hys lordys before hym, he syttyng wlththem ' 
8 on a benche rychely aperelyd 8 / and besyde hym 
satte 9 hys noble barons and knyghtys. Tlian the kyng 
called to hym Duke Naymes, and sayde / * Syr Duke 
Naymes, and al ye 10 my barons beyng here present 10 / 

12 ye know ryght well 11 the greate tyme and space that I 
haue bene kyng of Fraunce / and emperour of Rome 11 / 
the whiche tyme durynge 12 1 have bene seruyd and 
obeyed of you 12 al, whereof I thanke you / & render chsries thanked 

16 grace and prayse to god my swet creatore / and now by their long service, 
cause that I knowe certenly / that my lyfe by course 
of nature can not long endure / for thys cause 13 He knows hie 
pryncipally I haue causyd you all to be assemblyd here 

20 to gether / to declare to you my pleasure & wyll / the 
whiche I requere you all, & humbly e desyre you / that 
ye wyll counsell together, and aduyse whiche of you 
may & wyll haue 14 the gouernaunce of my realme / for end begs them to 

choose e 

24 I can no longer bere the trauayle and payn of the successor. 
gouernyng 15 therof / for I wyl fro hense forth lyue y* 
resedew of myn age in peace, and serue our lorde 
god / wherfore, as moche as I may, I desyre you all to 

28 aduyse whiche of you all shalbe therto most able / ye 

know all that I haue two sonnes / that is to say, He has two sons, 

1 Greefe & heavinesse. 8 by. 8 groweD verie. 4 through. 

*— * now was stollen uppon him. 6 were there assembled. 
* FoL i. bk, col. 1 (A. i.). 8 in his royall Chaire of Estate. 
9 likewise placed in their seuerall degrees, 
lo—io hether summoned by our royall coramaundement. 
u — 11 howe longe I haue gouemed this kingdome of Fraunoe 
& likewise swayed the imperial! Diadem of Hoome. 

**— 18 I haue found your duty & seruice so agreeable. 
" reason. 14 undertake. 15 belonging to the ruling. 

B 2 

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[Ca. iii. 

Lewis and 

bat neither is 
fitted for the 

Loys, 1 who is to yonge, and Chariot, whom I loue well, 
and he is of age suflysyent to rewll. But hys maners 
and condesyons are not mete to haue the gouernaunce 
of suche two noble empyrs 2 as the realrae of Fraunce / 4 
and the holy erapyre of Kome / for ye know well in 
dayes past, by reason of hys pryde, my realme was 
lykely to haue bene dystroyed, and I to haue had 
it was chariot warre agynst you ail, whan by hys felony 3 he slew 8 

who slew the son 

or o^er the Dane, Baudouyn, Sonne to good Ogyer the Dane / 4 \vherby so 

and cau*ed much 

evil thereby. many illes hath fallen 4 / that it shall neuer be 5 out of 
reme?ftbrance ; wherfore, as long as I lyue, I wyll not 
consent that he shal haue the gouernanee 6 / though he 12 
be ryghtfull enherytor / and that after me he ought to 
haue the syngnory. 7 Thus I desyre you to aduyse me 7 
what I shall do.' 

The barons 
consult and 

declare for 

% The conclusion & answer that the barons 16 
made, & of the ill 8 erle Amaury / & of the 
cotfsell that he gaue to the kyng agaynst 
the .ii. sonnes of Duke Seuin of Burdeux, 
wherof grete myschyef fell after 9 / and 20 
of the good counsell 10 that duke Naymes 
gaue to the emperour. Cnpitulo .iii. 

ban duke Naymes / & all the barons 
a semblyd to gether in a corner 11 of y* 24 
]> ilays, and there were long io gether. 
A I last they al concludyd that to Chariot 
v" kynges eldest sone aperteynyd the 
gouernyng of the sayd realmes. Then they returnyd to 28 
the 12 kynge, and shewyd hym there conclusyon where 

I Lewes. * States. 3 rashness. 

4-4 whereon so many mishaps ensued. * raced added. 
6 gouernment. 
7-7 But instantly 1 entreat your Noble opinions. 
• dishonorable. 9 afterward ensued. 10 ad u ice. 

II priuate parte. '* Fol. ii. col. I. 

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Ca. iii.J 



a pon they were agreyd / of the whiche themperour was 
ryght ioyfull. Than he called before hym hys sone, and 
shewyd hym many fayre reasons before all hys barons / 
4 therwith auauwcyd 1 forth a felon traytour who had greate Amaory, 

b traitorous Earl, 

audyence 2 with theinperour, & he had the gouernaunce 
of Chariot the kynges sone, who dyd no thyng but by 
hym 3 / he was called Erie Amaury / he was son to on 
8 of the neuewse of the traytour Ganelon. Than he 

sayde to the kyng & noble emperour, 4 ' how is it that points out 


ye hast so sore to delyuer londys to gouerne to Chariot inexperience, 
your sone ? 4 Syr, be not yet so hasty. 6 But, ser, to se & 
12 to proue hys gouernauwce,*gyue hym a lond that ought and advisee that 

as a test he 

to be your owne, wherof ye be nother honoryd nor should govern 


eeruyd 7 / y* which 8 londe .ii. prowd boyes doth kepe / whose princes 
who, this vii. yere passyd, wolde not serue you / nop, Gerard, 
16 syn theyr father y e duke Seuyn dyed, wold do you any having done no 

4 . * . » » obeisance, 

obeysaunce / the eldest is namyd Huon / and the other 
Gerarde / they kepe Burdeux and all the londe of 
Aquitainie / they thynke skorne to releue 9 theyr londys 
20 of you. But, ser, yf ye wyl gyue me me??, 10 I shal 

brynge theym as prysoners in to your paleys, to do he win 


your wyll with them / and than the londe that they 
hold / gyue it to Chariot your sone.' ' Amaury/ quod 

24 the emperour, 'I caw you gret thanke that ye haue The emperor 
aduertysyd me of thys mater. I wyll ye take of your 
best frendys, and besyde theym ye shall haue of myn 
.iii. M. 11 knyghtys, wel chosen and prouyd men of 

28 warre / & I wyl that ye brynge to me the two sonnes 
of duke Seuyn, that is to say, Huon / and gerarde, 
who by theyr pryde settyth 12 no thynge by me.' 

I stepped. * too much secrecie. 3 his direction. 
*- 4 whence proceeds it that you are so forward in deliuer- 

ance of your kingdome to the weake gouerning of Chariot your 

* forbeare this hastnisse. 6 his ablenesse in such a case. 
7 where you haue as yet neither fealtie nor seruice. 

* this. 9 hold. ia and authoritie added. 

II Thousand. 12 set. 

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[Ca. iii. 

Duke Naymes 
complaint of 
Amnury's guile 
and the king's 

He advises that 
Huon and his 
brother, who are 
rery young, 

Han Duke Naymes, heynge there 
present, herd the wordys of Amaury, 
and saw how the emperour consentyd 
to hys desyre, he stept forth fyerslye, 1 4 
& 2 beheld Amaury, and sayde openly : 8 
1 syr emperour, grete yll and greate syn it is that ye so 
lyghtly do beleue suche men as ye know wel were neuer 
certen nor trew. Syr, duke Seuyn hath seruyd you all 8 
hys dayes wel and trewly / nor neuer dyd thynge wherby 
ye ought to dysenheryte hys chydren / the cause that 
they haue not come to your presence or thys tyme to 
serue you is none other cause but by reason they be so 12 
yonge. And also theyr mother who louyth theym in- 
tierly / wyll not gladly suffer them to departe fro hyr, 
by cause of theyr yonge age. But, syr, yf ye wyll beleue 
me, ye shal not be ro hasty to take from them there 16 
londes. But, syr, do as a noble prynce ought to do 
for y e loue of theyr father who so trewly hath seruyd 
you / syr, sende .ii. of your knyghtes to y e duches theyr 
mother / & let them say to hyr fro you, that she do 20 
sende hyr tow sonnes to you in to your court to serue 
i boldly. » Fol. ii. col. 2. 

3 This speech is wholly rewritten in the later edition, and 
runs thus : — The ill is great but the sinne farre greater, when 
men of no truth or certaintie are so highly listned unto. As 
for Duke Seuin, is it not well knowne, my Lord, what true & 
honorable seruice all his dayes he did you 1 tc can you then bee 
so easilye woone to disinherite his children ? Consider, good 
my Lord, that the reason why as yet they haue not tendered 
their dutie in your presence, is nothing else but their want of 
years for such allegiance, & their Mother deerely respecting 
them, is loath to leaue their companie so young. And would 
your Highness but be aduysed by me, you should not so 
rashly depriue them of their londes : but rather as best 
becomineth a vertuous Prince, & in some regard of their 
Father's good seruice, first send two of your knightes to the 
Duchesse & let them in your name commaund her Sonnes 
personall appearance at your Court in case of seruice 6c 
dutifull homage: which if she or they shall refuse to doe, 
then may you justly proceede otherwise against them. But I 
dare (my Lord) engage my honour, that send them shee will, 
and that onely a Mother's loue 8c care of her Children hath 
been the reason ef their absence all this while. 

Digitized by 



you and to do theyr homage. And yf it be so that she should be «ent for 

to do homage. 

nor they wyll not obey your commaundement, then 
shall ye haue a iust cause to prouyde a remedy e. But, 
4 syr, I kuow for certeyn / y e duches wyl send them to 
you, for y* absence that they haue made is for no 
thynge / but for the loue that the mother hath vnto 
hyr chyldren.' 

8 % Howe that themperour Charlemayne sent 
two knyghtys to the duches to burdeux to 
co/«mau#d hyr to sende hyr two sonnes to 
hys court. Capitulo iiii. 

12 1 H51(SrWfc ^ an ^ 6 em P erour Charles had hard Charles approTes. 

duke Naimes speke, he sayde, 'Syr 
duke, I knowe certenly 2 that duke 
Seuyn hath seruyd vs trewly / and the 
reason that ye have shewyd is iust 
And therfore I grauwt that it shalbe as ye haue 
deuysydV 3 'Syr/ 4 quod y* duke, 'I thanke your 
grace.' Than incontynent the kynge sent for two Messengers an 
20 knyghtes, and gaue theym in charge to go to burdeux Bordeaux, 
to do hys message to the duches, and to the sonnes of 
duke Seuyn / the whiche they dyd, and so departyd 
fro Parys without restynge past one night in a plase, 
24 tyll 6 they aryued at burdeux / and than incontynent 
they went to y* palays, where as they founde the 
duches, who was as than but newly rysyn fro hyr 
dyner ; and whan she was aduertysyd of there comni- 
28 yng / she cam in haste to mete theym / acompenyd 
with Huon hyr son, who was by hyr; and Gerarde 
came after with a sparhawke 6 on hys fyst / when the 
messengers saw the duches and hyr two goodly sonnes / 
32 they kneylyd down, and salutyd the duches / & hyr They ssiute the 

* r * d uc |,en» and Iter 

two sonnes 7 fro kynge Charlemayn, and sayd, ' Lady, sons from the 


1 Fol. ii. back, col. 1. 2 for certainty. 9 aduised. 
4 My Lord. 6 until!. 8 spnrrowhawke. 7 col. 2. 

Digitized by 


[Ca. V. 

to you we be sent fro our emperour Charles / who by 
vs sehdyht to 1 you hys salatasyon with honour and 
amyte.' When the noble lady vnderstode that they 
were messengers sent fro the noble emperour Charles / 
she auaunsyd and embrasyd theym / and sayde how they 
were ryght welcom. 'Dam/ 2 quod they, 'our emperour 
and bid hw send hath sent vs to you / & commaundyth you to send to 

her sons to court 

on peril of losing hyra your two sonnes to serue hym in hys court / for 

her land to J J 



The ducheae 
pleads in excuse 
their youth, 

ther are but 8 few in hys reahne, but that are come to 
his seruyce, except your sonnes / &, lady, syn ye know 
that the londe that ye hold parteynynge to your sonnes 
is holden of y* emperour Charles, by reason of his 12 
realme of 4 Fraunce / and he hath greate merueyll that 
ye have not sent them or 6 thys tyme to do hym sluice 
as other dukes & prynces 6 hath 7 done / wherfore, 8 
lady, he commauwdyth you for your welth, and con- 16 
ceruasyon of your londys, that ye send them to hym / 
or yf ye do not / know for certeyn he wyll take fro 
you suche londys as ye hold, & gyue them to Chariot 
hys sone / 9 Wherfore may it please you to shewe vs 20 
your good wyll/ 9 

% The aunswer that the duches of burdeux 
made to themperours messengers. 

Capitulo v. 24 
Han the good lady hade well vnder- 
stonde the messengers, she aunswered 
them swetlye, 10 & sayde, 'Syrs, 11 knowe 
for certeyn the cause that 12 I have not 28 
sent my sonnes / to the court or 13 thys 
tyme / to serue y* kynge as reason is 14 / was by cause I 

1 unto. ' Madome. * verie. 4 royall prerogative in. 
• ere. 6 in like case, added. 7 have. 8 In this respect 
*-* This is the sum me of our Messuage, and wee attend 
your answeare. 

10 gently. 11 My Lordes and honourable Freendes. 
18 the reason why. 13 before. 14 dutie required. 

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saw theym so yonge; 1 and also for the loue of duke md the Emperor^ 

J J G ' love to their 

Seuyn theyr father / and by cause I knewe certenly lather, 
that my ryghtfull 2 lurde, the emperour Charlemayne / 

4 loued alwayes the duke Seuyn, trustynge alwayes 
that he wold take no dyspleasure with the chyldren / 
these thynges hath 3 ben the pryneypall cause that I 
haue not sent them or thys 4 to serue the kynge / 

8 wherfore, Syrs, I requyre you, as affectuosly as I can, 5 
to be meanes to themperour and to al the other barons 
to haue me and my chyldren excusyd, for y* faulte is 
alonlye in me and not in them.' Than Huon stept 

12 forth before hys mother and sayde : — ' Madame, yf 
it had ben your pleasure, ye myght haue sent vs or 6 
thys tyme ' / ' that is trew,' quod Gerardyn / ' for we be 
grete ynow to be made knyghte*.' 7 The lady behelde 

16 hyr two sonnes and wepynge sayde to the messengers, 
' Syrs, ye may retourne to the kynge / howe be it ye 
shal reste you thys nyght in my house, and to morow she bide the 

messengers stay 

retourne 8 at your pleasure / and ye shall recommend the night, 
20 me and my sonnes to y e kynges good grace & to the 
other barons and knightes / and amonge other salute 

0 ' Naymes on their 

duke Naymes, who is nero parent 9 to my sonnes / and return, 
desyre hym fur y'loue of duke Seuin to haue my sonnes 

24 as ^ecomme/ldyd. , 10 114 Dame/ 12 quod the messengers, 
' haue ye no dought / for Duke Naymes is a noble man 
and a trew knyght / nor he wyl neuer 13 be in no 1 * plase 
where any yll iugeraent 15 shulde be gyuen.' Than the 

28 duches comraaundyd hyr sonnes / that they shulde make 
the kynges messengers good chere and to bryng them in 
to theyr chambre to reste them / the whiche they dyde / 

1 in regarde of their tender yeares. * Fol. Hi. col 1 (A. iii.). 

■ haue. 4 all this while. 

* let my entreats preuaile so much with you as. 6 before. 
7 are old ynough to have our knighthood. 8 depart. 
9 kinsman. 10 to stand a continuall freend unto them. 
11 FoL iii. col. 2. 12 Madame. 13 will he at any time. 
14 omitted, 15 opinion. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. V. 

In the presence 
of the messenger*, 
tho duchess 
promises to send 
Huon snd Gerard 
to the Emperor at 

and advises them 
as to their 
conduct at court. 

Presents are 
given to the 

and they depart 
for Parts. 

and were serued, and festyd as it aparteyned. 1 Than 
y* next niornynge they retouraed to y e palayes where as 
they founde the duches and hyr two sonnes / and they 
humbly salutyd the lady / whan y e duches sawe them 4 
she called Huon and Gerardyn, and sayde, ' chyldren, 
here in the presence of these two knyghtes I say that 
at Ester ye shal go to our soueren lorde themperour 
Charlemayn / and, when ye be in y* court, serue your 8 
soueren lorde well & trewly, as subgettes ought to doo ; 
be delygent at all tymys to serue hym trewly, 2 and 
kepe company with noble men such as ye se that be 
of good 8 condysyons / be not in the plase where yll 12 
wordy 8 be spoken, or yll counsell gyuen / fly fro com- 
pany of them that louyth not honour & trouthe / 
open not your eeres to here liers, or false reporters, or 
flaterers / haunt often the chyrche, and gyue largely 16 
for goddes sake / be lyberal and courteys, & gyue to 
poore knyghtes / fly the company of ianglers / and all 
goodnes shall folow therby. I wyli there be gyue?? 
to eche of these knyghtes a courser & a ryche 20 
gowne, as it aparteyneth to the messengers of a noble 
emperour as is Charlemayne / & also eche of them 
to haue a C. 4 florence '/ ' Madame/ quod Huon, ' yowr 
pleasure shalbe acomplyshed ' / than the .ii. sonnes 24 
causyd to be brought before the palays two goodly 
horses, and presentyd them to the two knyghtes, and 
gave eche of them a ryche gown and a .C. florence / 
Whereof the messengers were ioyfull, and thanked the 28 
duches and hyr two 6 sonnes, & sayde that theyr 
courtesey shulde be remembred in tyme to come / how- 
bey t they knew well it was done for y* honour of the 
kynge / then they toke leue of the duches and of hyr 32 
two sonnes, and so departyd / and rode without lette 

1 as appertained to their woorth. * faithfully. 
' and vertuous added. 4 hundred. 
4 Fol. iii. back, col. 1. 

Digitized by 


Ca. v.] 



tyll they came to Parys, where as they founde the 
emperour in hys palayes syttynge amonge hys barons / 
the kynge parseyued them / and incontynent called 
4 them to his presence, and, or 1 they hade layser to 
speke, the kyng badde them welcome home, and 
demaundyd of them yf they had ben at Burdeux, and 
spoken with the duches and the .ii. sonnes of duke 
8 Seuyn, & whether they wolde come and serve hym in 
hys court or not. ' Syr/ 2 quod they, ' we haue ben at on their arrival 
burdeux, and done your message to the duches / who Em^ror™the e 
ryght humbly reseyved vs, and made vs grete fest 8 and ducheM promla 

12 chere / when she had hard vs speke, and knewe that 
we were your messengers, she made vs the best chere 
that she cowde deuyse, and sayde that the cause why 
she had not sente hyr sonnes to your courte before thys 

16 tyme, was by cause of theyr yonge age / and she 
huwibly requyreth your grace 4 to haue 6 hyr and hyr 
two sonnes excusyd / and that at thys next Ester she 
wyll sende them to your court. And, syr, 6 the two and hereon* 

* . behaviour 

20 chyldren are so goodly 7 that it is pleasure to beholde toward* them, 
them / specyally Huon the eldest is so fayre and so 
well formyd that nature cannot amende hym. Also, 
syr, for the loue of you she hath gyuen eche of vs a 

24 goodly horse, & a ryche gowne, and a C. florence of 
gold. Syr, y* goodnes, the valewre and y e courtesey 
that is in the duches and in hyr sonnes cannot be 
recountyde. Syr, y e duches and hyr two sonnes 

28 requyreth your grace 8 to retayne them alwayes in your 
fauoure and good grace / and to pardone the faulte of 
theyr longe absence. ' 

1 ere. * Dread Lord. * gaue ub gentle entertainment 
4 FoL iii. back, col. 2. 4 hold. 6 trust me, my Lord. 
7 two such lovely Gentlemen. 
8 and on their behalf are we to entreat your Maiestie. 



[Ca. vl 

Charles com- 
mends the conduct 
of the youths as 
worthy the sons 
of his friend and 
knight Duke 

and promises 
them high posts 
at court. 

He orders 
Aniaury to be 

Amaury in grief, 
and filled with 
hate of Huon and 
devises a plot 
against them. 

% How themperour was content with the 
report of the two knyghtes / and howe the 
traytor erle Amaury went & cowpleyned to 
Chariot the kynges sone. Capitulo .vi. 4 

Han themperour had hard y e mes- 
sengers speke, he was ryght ioyfull, 
and sayd / ' alwayes I haue harde say 
that a good Impe 1 bryngethe forth 8 
good 2 £reute / I say it for duke 
Seuyn / who in his tyme was a valyant & trewe knyght, 
& by that I so and here 3 the two chyldren resembleth 
theyr good father. I se 4 they haue reseyued my 12 
messengers ryght honorably, and with grete reuerewce 
hath gyuen them grete 5 gyftes, y e whiche shalbe to 
them vaylable 6 in tyme to come / for they shal no soner 
be come to my court, but in the dyspyght of them 7 16 
that wyll speke agaynst them, I shall do for them in 
8uche wyse that it shalbe an ensample 8 to al other to 
do well / for I wyll make them, for loue of theyr 
father, of my pryuey counselL' Than themperour 20 
behelde duke Naymes and sayde : ' Syr duke, 9 alwayes 
your parentes 10 hath 11 ben good and trew, and certenly 
I wyll that Amaury be banyshed my court / for he, 
nor neuer none 12 of hys lynage, gaue as yette any good 24 
counsell.' ' Syr,' quod the duke, ' I knewe well y* 
longe absence of duke Seuyns sonnes was for none 
other cause but by reason of theyr yought ' / Whan the 
erle Amaury had harde the kynge speke, & sawe howe 28 
he was chafyd 13 agaynste hym, he was sorowful, and so 
departed secretely fro the courte, and sware that he 
wolde purchace 14 for the two sonnes of duke Seuyn 

1 tree. a Fol. iiii. col. 1. 
* no meane. 6 auailable. 
9 My Lord. 10 kindred. 

13 offended. 

■ that. 
7 any. 
11 haue. 
14 prouide. 

4 perceiue. 
8 example. 
18 euer any. 

Digitized by 




8uche a broth 1 that they shulde bo the dye in dolowre, 2 
and wolde do so myche that he wolde brynge all 
Fraunce in to heuynes and trouble 3 / so he went to hya 
4 lodgyng sorowfull and in grete dyspleasure / and than 
he imagyned and studyed on the mater, & howe to 
brynge about his interpryse / thaw he departed fro hys 
lodgyng, and went to Chariot the kynges sone, with He reveah it and 
8 whome he was ryght pryuey / he f ounde hym syttyng alariS"^ king's 
on a ryehe couche 4 deuysynge 5 with a yonge knyght / ' 
than Amaury 6 wepynge with a peteous vysage / and 
hys eyen full of water, 6 he entred in 4*> the chambre / 

12 andknelyde downe before Chariot, who hadde of hym 
grete petye to se hym in that case. Than 7 Chariot 
toke hym vp, & demaundyd wherfore he made that 
sorow, and whether any man had dysplesed hym. 

16 1 Syr/ quod Amaury, ' I shall shew you / trew it is 8 
the two sonnes of duke Seuyn of burdeux / shal come 
to the courte, and, as I haue harde say, the kynge hath 
sayde that, at there commynge, they shalbe made of hys 

20 pryuey counsell / so that none other oboute the kynge 
shall haue 9 no profyght nor wynynge. But they and 
I can se none other that yf they thus come / by them, 
all other 9 that be now grete about the kynge shalbe 

24 chasyd away, so that within this .ii. yere they shall 

haue y* beste quarter 10 of the real me of Fraunce / & 

you, yf ye suffer it, they shal brynge you clere out of 

temperours fauore your father. Therf ore, Syr, I requyre «id begs for hit 


28 you helpe me now in thys besynes / for in tyme past 
duke Seuyn theyr father, by grete wronge and grete 

1 traine. * as should cost both their Hues. 

9 and hazard the heauinesse & trouble of all Fraunce 
beside. 4 bed. 4 communing. 

*— 6 shewing a very sad countenance, the teares in his 
eyes & trecherie in bis heart. 

7 Fol. iiii. col. 2. 8 my greefe is not without great cause, for. 

9 ~ 9 any honour or reckoning made of them. And assure 
yourselfe, my Lord, that if the Stato be thus aduanced, they. 





[Ca. vi. 

The earl propoeee 
to lay an ambush 
on the road, 

and set upon the 
youths and slay 
them in their 
journey from 

Chariot agrees to 

Chariot and 
Amaury prepare 
the plot, 

and leare Paris 

nt midnight with 
their men. 

treason, he toke fro me a strong castell of myn owne, & 
I neuer dyd him dysplesure / ser, ye ought to ayde in 
this besines, 1 for I am of that lynage / by reason of the 
noble quene your mother.' 4 

1F Whan Chariot had wel understonde y*erle Amaury, 
he demaundyd in what maner he myght ayde him / 
' syr/ quod he, ' I shal shew you. I shall assemble y* 
best of my lynage, & ye shal let me haue of yours .lx. 8 
knyghtes well armyd, & I shal lye in y* way / to mete 
with y* .ii. boyes / & I shal lay y e bushmewt 2 in a 
lyttyll wood a lege fro Montleherry on y e way to 
Orleance, by y e whiche waye they must nede* come / 12 
& than we shall sette on them, <fc slay them also, that 
none shal speke therof / and if it be knowen after, 
who dare say agaynst you, or were any helme* agaynst 
you V / * ser/ quod Chariot, ' sease 4 & apeace your 1 6 
sorow / for I shal neuer haue ioy in my herte tyll I be 
reuengyd of these .ii. boyes / goo, & make redy your 
men, & I shal prepare myn, & I wyl go my self m'th 
you y* soner to make an end of this besynes ,6 / whan 20 
Amaury hard 6 Chariot so liberally to offer hym selfe to 
go in hys ayde, he thanked hym, and embrased hys 
lege, & wolde a 7 kyssed his shoo. But Chariot wold 
not suffer hym. But toke hym vp, and sayde : — 1 Syr, 24 
haste you / and put to your payne that thys besynes 
may com to a good end.' Amaury departed fro Chariot 
ryght ioyous, and, at the day apoynted, he seasyd not 
day nor nyght to assemble hys men and hys next 8 28 
frendys / and, in the euenyng before, he came to 
Chariot, who was as than also redy, and hys men / and, 
as secretely as they myght, they departed about the 
owre of mydnyght out of Parys, al armed, and they 32 
seasyd 9 not tyll they came to the plase apoynted to 

serious matter. * ambushment. * healme in feeld. 
4 qualifie. 4 buainesse. 0 Fol. iiii. back, col. 1. 
7 haue. ■ nearest 


Digitized by 


tary the cowmiynge of the .ii. sonnes of duke Seuyn / 
now I wyll leue to speke of them, and returne to 
speke of the two sonnes of duke Seuyn / Huon and 
4 Gerardyn. 

% Howe the two sonnes of duke Seuyn of 
burdeux toke leue of the duches there 
mother / & howe in there way they ouer 
8 toke the good abbot of Cluny there vncle 
goynge towardys Paris to the einperour 
Charlemayn. Capitulo .vii. 

E 1 haue wel harde here before howe the Huon and Gerard 

take leave of their 

messengers of the kynges departed fro friende and their 


burdeux. Than the two chyldren 2 made 
them redy to go to the courte, rychely 
apareyled / and well fornysshyd of 
16 euery thynge nedefull, aswell of gold & syluer & other 
aparel of sylke as to theyr estate apperteynyd / than 
they 3 assemblyd the batons of the eountre, to whom 
they recommaundyd theyr londys and sygnyoryes / 
20 and dyd chose out .x. knyghte* and .iiii counsellers Ten knw»u hear 

them company. 

to ryde with them to ayde and to gouerne theyr 
besynes. Than they sent for y e provost of Gerone, 
called ser Guy re, to whom they recowmaundyd all the 

24 feacle* 5 of iustice / than, 6 when Huon and his brother 
had chosen them that shuld go in theyr companye, 
than 7 they toke theyr leue of y e duches there mother, 
and of the barons of the eountre, who sore dyd wepe 

28 by cause of there deperture / of 8 the which they had 
good occasyon so to do / and more yf they hade knowen 
the peteous 9 aduenture that 10 fell after to the two 
chyldren ; for, yf y* duches had knowen 10 therof, she 

1 You. * sons. * there. 4 Fol. iiii. back, col. 2. 
• affaires. 6 Then. 7 than om. • for. 9 haplesse. 

lo—io a ftc rwar d befell them on the way. Or had the good 
Duchesse but dreamed. 

Digitized by 



[Ca, vii. 

The dochett and 

her people weep 
at their departure. 

On their way 
Gerard tells Huon 
a dream of evil 

wold neuer haue sufFeryd thera to departe fro hyr / for 
after there fell suche myschyfe that it is a peteous 1 
thynge to recount it. Thus y* .ii. bretherne departyd 
& kyssyd theyr mother, sore wepynge. Thus 2 they 4 
toke theyr horses and theyr company, and in passynge 
by y* strettys of y* towne / y e people made grete 
sorow for theyr departynge, &, sore wepynge, prayed to 
god to be 3 theyr gyde and condute. The wepynges & 8 
lamentacyons were so extreme that the .ii. brethern 
kowd not haue so ferme a 4 courage. But that they 
gaue many a sore seyghe at theyr 5 departinge out of 
the town / and when they had rydyn a certeyn space, 12 
and that theyr sorow was sumwhat apeasyd / than 6 
Huon called hys brother Gerarde & sayde, 'Brother, 
we go to the court to serue the kyng, wherfore we 
haue cause to be ioyfull / wherfore 7 lette vs two synge 16 
a songe to refreshe vs ' / ' brother/ quod Gerarde, 4 my 
hert is not very ioyfull to synge nor to make fest 8 / for 
thys nyght I drempt 9 a merwelous dreme / me thought 
.iii. lybardes 10 assayllyd me and drew out 11 my hert out 20 
of my body. But me thought ye skapyd 12 saue and 
sownd, and retournyd bak / wherfore, dere brother, yf 13 
it be your pleasure / to withstand my dreme, M the 
whiche I reken our wyage to be a daungerous passage / 24 
therfor I wold desyre you lete vs retourne 14 agayn to 
Burdeux to our mother. She 16 wyll be ioyfull of our 
retourne.' ' Brother,' quod Huon, ' & god wyll, we 
shall not retourne for feer of a dreme, it shuld be for 28 
euer to our reproche and shame / I wyll not retourne 
to Burdeux tyll 16 I haue sene the kynge. Therfore, 

1 lamentable. * Then. ■ Fol. v. col. 1. 4 firme. 
* the. • then. 7 therefore. 
* sing or make any sport at all. 9 dreamed. 10 Leopardes. 
11 drewe. 19 you escapyd. " if so. 
i4_i4 w hj c h makes me dread our iourney to be dangerous : 
might I preuaile with you, we would ride backe. 

11 who. 16 vntill. 

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swete brother, dismay you not. But rather make good 
chere; our lorde Ihesu Crist shal gyde & condute vs 
in saue gard.' Thus these two bretherne rode nyght 
4 and day so longe tyll they parseyued before theym the They m» before 

A „ . t ... / . , them the Abbot of 

Abbot of Oluny with a .xxx. horse in hys companye, ciony and m» 


and he was goynge to the kynges court 

*Han Huon parseyued that companye, he 
called hys brother Gerardyn and sayde : 
' loo, yonder I se men of relygyon hold- 
ynge the way to Parys /Ay* 1 know 
well whan we departyd fro y* duches 
12 our mo 2 ther, she chargyd vs that we 

shuld always companye with good peopyl / therfore 
it is good that we make hast to ouertake them.' 
' Brother/ quod Gerardyn, ' your pleasure be fulfylled : ' 
16 so they rode so longe that they ouertoke the Abbot, 
who regard yd on y 0 ryght syde, and saw the .ii. 
bretheren eowmyng to ouertake hym. Than 8 he stode 
styll, and saw Huon who came rydynge on before / 
20 Huon salutyd hym humbly / and the abbot in lyke They ride on and 

•alutti the Abbot. 

maner to hym / & demaundyd whether he rode so 
hastely, and fro whense he came, and what he was, 
and who was hys father. ' Syr,' quod Huon, *syn 4 it 

24 is your pleasure to knowe, Duke Seuyn of burdeux was 
our father : it is .vii. yere syns he trepasyd 6 thys lyfe. 
And, ser, behold here my brother, who is yonger than 6 
I, and we are goynge to noble kynge Charlemayns 

28 court, to releue of hym our londys and countre / for he 
hath sent for vs by two noble knyghtes / and, syr, we 
are in dowt of sum truble by the way ' / When the 
good Abbot vnderstode that they were sonnes to duke The Abbot 

32 Seuyn, he was ryght ioyfull / and in token of trew kindly, 
amyte he embrassyd theym one after another, and 
sayde / ' dere frendys, haue no dowt, for, by the grace 

1 you. * FoL v. col. 2. * Then. 4 since. 

* departed. • then. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. viii. 

and offers to 
conduct them to 

Together they 
approach tho 

where Chariot 
and Amaury lie 
in ambush. 

of Ihcsu Cryst, I shall condute 1 you sauoly to Parys / 
for duke Seuyn your father was my cousyn germayn, 
wherfore 2 I am bownd to ayde you : know 3 for 
trought, I 4 am sworue of the greate counsell with i 
kynge Charlemayn / and yf there be any that wyl 
moue or sty re against you, I shall ayde you to my 
power / wherfore ye 6 may ryde suerly in my company 
without any dowt.' ' Syr,' quod Huon, ' I thanke you ' / 8 
thus they rode talkyng with y c abbot theyr parent : 6 
that nyght they came to Mowtleherry. Than the next 
day they rose 7 be tymys and herd masse, & after 
masse 8 toke theyr horsses ; and they were in all a .iiii. 12 
score horsses / & they rode so longo tyll they came to a 
lytyll 9 woodsyde / where as Chariot and the erle 
Amaury lay in a bushmewt / and 10 they spyed Huon 
and Gerarde rydynge before, wherof they were ioyfull. 16 
Than Amaury 11 sayde to Chariot, * Syr, now is the tyme 
come to be reuengyd of tho damage that duke Seuyn 
dyd to me / yonder I se hys ,ii. sonnes cowmyng : yf 
they be not incontynent slayne by vs, we are not 20 
worthy to haue any lond. u And Syr, by theyr deth 
ye shall be lordo of Burdeux / and of all the duchy of 
Aquytanie.' 13 

14 ^[ Howe by the counsell of the erle of 15 24 
Araaiiry they * ran fyrst 16 [at] Gerardyn, 
brother to Huon, & bare hym to the erth, 
and sore wouwdyd hym, wherof Huon was 
ryght sorowfull. Capitulo .viii. 28 

1 conducte. * therefore. 3 and know. 4 that I. 

4 you. • kinsman. 7 arose. 8 afterward. 
9 Fol. v. back, col. 1. 10 lay closely ambushed, there. 
11 Then Americ. 12 Land or life. 13 Aquitaine. 
14 Fol. v. back, top of col. 2. 16 of Earle 16 firete at 

Digitized by 

Ca. viii.] of the meeting of < harlot and gerabd. 19 

Han 1 that Chariot vnderstode the erle 
Amaury, he strechyd hym in hys 
eteropes, and toke a spere with a 
sharpe hed, and issuyd out 2 alone out chariot advances 

alone from the 

of the wood / when Amaury saw that wood fully armed 
Chariot went out of the wood alone, he drew a lytyll 
out of the way, & sayde to hys men, 1 suffer Chariot 
8 alone, there nede none go to ayde hym.' Thy 8 sayde 
y* false traytour, by cause he desyred no thyng elles, 
but 3 one of the sonnes of duke Seuyn myght sley Chariot, 
4 wherby he thought [Chariot] shuld be dystroyed 
12 in acusynge them of murder, wherby he myght cotne 
to 4 his dampnable 5 intent / Chariot came agaynst thes 
.ii. brethern / the Abbot of Cluny saw Chariot comm- The Abbot 

i i i perceive* him 

ynge al armyde / and saw in the wood a greate nombre afar off. 

16 of armyd men 6 / then he stode sty 11, and called Huon 
& Gerarde, & sayde / 'dere neuewse, I parseyue 7 in 
yonder wood a knyght all armyd, and the wood full of 
horsemen : I can not tell what they meane. Haue ye 

20 done any wronge to any man? yf ye haue done, or 
holde any thynge that ys not your owne / steppe forth 
and offer hym reason, and promyse to make a inendys.' 
* Syr/ quod Huon, * I know no man lyuyng that I or 

24 my brother haue done to hym any displeasure / nor 
we know not that any creature do 8 hate vs 1 / than 
Huon sayde to hys brother, ' Syr, 9 ryde on before, and Htwn sends 

Gerard to ask his 

mete with yonder knyght / and demaunde what is hys pleasure. 

28 pleasure.' Gerarde rode forth and mette with Chariot, 
and demandyd what hys pleasure was to haue, or 
whether he was kepar of that passage or not, and 
demaundyd any trybute or not : yf he dyd, he was 

32 redy to pay yt. Chariot aunswered hym fyersly, and 
sayde, ' what art thou ? ' Gerarde aunswered and 

1 Across the page, not in columns. * yssued. 8 but that. 
*— 4 and as himselfe detecting them of the murder. 
4 Fol. vi. col. 1. • men more. 7 perceiue. 
8 doth. 9 Brother. 

C 2 

Digitized by 



[Ca. viii. 

sayde, ' Syr, I am of the Cite of Burdeux, and sone to 
duke Souyn, whom god pardon ; and herafter commyth 
Huon myn elder brother, and we are goyng to Parys to 
the kynges court, to releue our londys and our fees, 4 
and to serue hym / and yf there be any tliat wyl any 
thyng with vs, let hym come to Parys, & we shall do 
chariot replies hym reason.' 4 Hold thy toung,' quod Chariot, « whether 

that their father J ' 

didhimbaae thou wylt or not, I wyll haue reason 2 of that / that 8 
wrong, Seuin thy father toke fro me 1 / for he toke .iii. of my 

Castelles, 2 and I kowd neuer 8 haue reason of hym. 8 
for which he will But now, syne 4 thou art here, I wyl be reuengyd of the 

revenge himself ' J 1 J ej 

noj^»iving WTonge that thy father dyde to me, for as long as thou 12 
and thy brother be a lyue, I shall neuer haue ioy in 
my hert / there for 5 bo ware of me, for, or 5 it be nyght, 
I shall 6 make thy lyfe depart fro thy bodye.' ' Syr,' 
quod Gerarde, ' haue petye of me : ye may se I am but 16 
naked without armure. It shalbe greatly to your 
veleny 7 and reproche yf I be thus slayne by you : it 

Gerard pleads that neuer commyth of a yentyll courage of any 8 knyght to 

he is unarmed. . * , ~ _ _ 

assayle any person wit/zout armure or wepeyn / ho we 20 
be it, syr, I crye you mercy / wel ye se that I haue 
nother swerde / shylde / nor spere / to defende me wit/* 
all / ye may se yonder comyng my elder brother, who 
shalbe redy to make you amende*, yf any harme hath 24 
chariot will hear bene done to you ' / * peace,' quod Charlote / ' theyr ys 


as now no thynge so dere to 9 me as can moue me 
contrare. But that shamfully I shall put [thee] to y* 10 
deth / beware of me.' Gerarde, who was but yonge, 28 
was in greate feer, and called apon our lorde god, and 
tournyd hys hors to come agayne to hys brother. But 
and rushes upon Chariot, who was in hys foolyshe opynyon, 11 cowchyd 


hys spere / and ran after Gerarde, and strake 12 hym on 32 

1-1 for some wrongs done me by thy Father Duko Seuin. 
* Castles from me. *— * know the reason thereof. 4 since. 
*— * stand on thy ground, for before. 6 Fol. vi. col. 2. 
7 shame. 8 or a. 9 vnto. 10 put thee to. 
11 dcBperate moode. '* strooke. 

Digitized by 


Ca. yiiL] 



the syde with suche force that the spere ran throw 
parte of hys body, and so bare hym to the erth, Gerard fails, 
wenyng he had bene alayn / how be it y* stroke was 
4 not raortale / 1 our lord god sauyd hym at that tyme ; 
howbeit 1 he was so sore hurte that he kowd not 
remoue for payne that he felt. The good Abbot of 
Cluny behelde Gerarde, and saw hym borne to the 
8 ground, and peteously wepyng, 2 sayde to 8 Huon / 'ha, 
cosyn, I se yonder your brother Gerarde slayn, the 
whiche 4 sleyth my 6 hert* ' A, ser,' quod 6 Huon, 'for Hnon thinks Mm 
goddessake counsel me. 7 Alas, what shall the duches our 

12 mother say when she knowith that my brother is slayne, 
who so swetly 8 hath norysshed vs. A, my dere brother 
Gerarde / now I se wel your dreme is 9 trew. Alas that I 
had not belyued you ; yf I hade thys had not fortunyd. 10 

16 A, Syr/ quod 6 Huon to the Abbot, 'I requere 11 you 12 and in vain begs 
80coure me / f or yf I shulde be slayne I wyll go and * idofUl * Abbot » 
wyl demaunde of yonder knyght for 18 what occasyon he 
hath slayne my brother, nor I shal neuer retourne tyl 14 

20 I haue slayn him or he me/ 'A, fayre nephew/ quod 6 

the Abbote, 'bewarre what ye do / haue no trust to be who is a priest 
socouryd by me / for ye knowe well in thys cas / I peace?" 1 ° 
can not ayde you / I am a prest & serue gode ; I may 

24 not be where any man ys slayne.' ' Syr/ quod 6 Huon, 
' of suche companye as yours is we myght well forbcer.' 
Then Huon behelde peteouslye 16 the .x. knyghtes that 
came with hym fro burdeuxe / And sayde, ' Sy rs, ye He appeals to the 

, , , , 1 , \ \ knlghUofhis 

28 that are come hether with me / and haue bene escort, 
noryashyde in my hous, how say you, wyll ye ayede 
me to reuenge y* deth of my brother / & to socoure me 
agaynst thys fala mourderers that hath lyene 16 in a 

1-1 although in sooth verie dangerous, for. 
* (overcome with great greefe.) 5 unto. 

4 the sight whereof. * poore added. 6 quoth. 
7 in this heavie ease added. 6 louingly. 9 too added. 

10 happened. 11 desire. 18 to added. 

13 Fol. vi. hack, col 1. M untill. u heavily. w lain. 



|Ca. ix. 

wayte and slayn my brother Gerarde?' 'Syr/ quod 1 
They gladly lend they, 2 4 to dye in the quarell 8 we shall 4 ayde & socoure 
you: 8 goo forth & haue no dowt ' / and then they 
rode forth with suche smal defence as they had. Thera 4 
Huon brochyd 6 forth his hors with such fyersnes that 
he made the erth to trymble vndere hym / and hys 
knyghtes folowyde hym with a hardye courage, deter- 
mynyde 7 to do walyauntly / when the goode Abbot 8 
saw hys nephew depart and hys companye he had grete 
petye / he prayed our lorde god to defende them fro 
deth. And the Abbot wyth hys companye folowyde 
softly after Huon to see what ende y e matere shulde 12 
Huon ride* to come vnto. Huon rode so long til 8 he came wher as 
UOTBoreiy brother hys brother lay sore woundyd. Then he cryede alowde, 
' my ryght dere brother, yf theyr be any lyfe in your 
bodye, aunswer me, & shew me how ye fele your selfe.' 16 
' Brother/ quod 1 Gerarde, ' I am sore woundyde ; I can 
not tell yf I may skape a lyue / thynke on your selfe / 
yt ys no losse of me / fly ye away yonder ; ye may se 
how the woode ys full of armyde men / and they 20 
abyde for no thynge but to sley you as they haue 
done me.' 


9 % Howe Huon of Burdeuxe was soroufull 
when he sawe hys brother Gerarde so sore 24 
woundyde / and how he slew Charlotte / 
and how he came before the kyng at 
Parys and apealyde 10 hym of treason. 

Capitulo .ix. 28 

1 quoth. ■ were we sure added. * yet added. 

4 should. * therefore added. 6 spurred. 
7 determining. ■ untill. y Fol. vi. back, col. 2. 
10 appeached. 

Digitized by 

Ca. ix.] 




Hen Huon vnderstod his brother / he 
hade grete petye, 1 and sayde how 2 he 
hade rather dye then to 3 departe 
wythoute reuengynge of hyw, ' & god 
wyl I shall not departe tyl I haue 

Huon promises to 
avenge the injury, 

slayn hym that hath brought you in to thys poynte' 4 / 
then he sporryd hys hors, and folowyd after Charlote, 
8 who was retournynge to the woode to hys companye / 
but when Charlote parseyuyde how Huon folowyd 
hym / he tournyde hys hors and behelde hym fyerslye. 
Then Huon cryed wit// a hye voyse & sayd, ' wassale, 5 and challenges 


12 who 6 art thou that hath 7 slayn my brother] wher wert 
thou borne 1 ' / Chariot answeryd 8 & sayde, ' I was borne 
in Almayne, & I am sone to Duke Thyrrey ' / Huon who fai«?iy 

declares himielf 

beleuyd he had sayd trouth, by cause 9 Chariot had a Duke Thierry's 

16 dysgysyd shylde bycause he wolde not be knowen / 'a, 1 8 ° n ' 
quod Huon, ' god gyue the incombraunce ; 10 why hast 
thou slayne my brother?' / than Chariot answeryd 
fersly, 11 and [sayd], 'thy fader Duke Seuyn toke fro me 

20 .iii castels, and wolde neuer do me ryght / therfor I haue 
slayne thy brother, and in lyke wyse so shal I the/ 

1F Then Huon in grete yre 12 sayd, ' false and vntrew 
knyght & morderer, or 13 it be nyght, I shall she we thee 

24 thy dolour that thou hast brought me in' 14 / than 
Chariot sayd, ' beware the of me fore I defy the ' / 
Huon, who had but small 15 armure, toke hys cloke of Huon prepares to 
skerlat & wrappyd it about hys arme, & drewe hys fl * ht * 

28 sworde & sporryd his hors, & came agaynst Chariot 
with his sword in his hande, and Chariot on the other 
parte came agaynst him with his spere in the reste, & 
he stroke Huon about the ryght arme, so that the 

32 stroke pissyd through the doublenes of his cloke, and 

1 was verie sorrowfull. 3 that. 3 omitted. * perill. 
6 villaine. 9 what. 7 hast. 8 Fol. vii. col. 1. 
9 for. 10 shame for y* fact. 11 boldly. 
12 rage. 13 before. 
14 quittance this wrong appon thine own head. 16 no. 



[Ca. ix. 

and strikes 
Chariot dead 

Huon binds up 
his brother's 

and sets him on 
Chariot's horse. 

through his gowne and shyrt, & myst the 1 fleshe / thus 
Huon scapyd 2 that stroke, & thankyd god therof / then 
he lyfte vp his sworde with bothe his handys and lette 
the brydell of his hors goo, and so with all his myght 4 
and vertu he stroke Chariot on the helme in suche 
wyse that the serkell nor coyfe 8 of stele cowd not 
defende hym. But that the sworde went in to his 
brayne, and so fell to the erth, and neuer rose after : 8 
thus Chariot was slayne myserably / then the traytour 
Amaury, beyng in the wode, perseyuyd well how 
Chariot was slayn, wher of he thankyd god, & sayde, 
' Chariot is deed, god be thankyd / for by that stroke 12 
I shall brynge Fraunce in to suche a trouble, that I 
shall atayne to all my desyres.' Then Huon, seynge 
Chariot deed, retournyd to Gerarde hys brother, lyenge 
sty 11 on the 4 erthe, brought hym Chariot horse, and 16 
demaundyd yf he myght ryde or not / c brother/ quod 
Gerarde, 'I thynke yes; yf my wounde were bounde 
fast I wolde assay.' 

1F Then Huon alyghtyd and toke a pece of his shyrt, 20 
and therwith bounde his brothers wouwde / therwith 8 
Huons knyghtes came to hym, and aydyd 6 to set 
Gerarde on his hore : but for the payne that he 
sufferyd he swounyd 7 twyse / then when he came 24 
agayne to hym selfe they set hym on an amblynge 
palfrey, and a knyght behynd hym to sustayne hym vp 
ryght / then he sayde to Huon / 'brother, I requyre 8 
you let vs departe fro hense without goynge any 28 
farther forward; rather let vs retourne to Bourdeux 
to the Duches our moder, for I dowght yf we goo 
any forther that some grete yll shall come to vs / I 
promy8e you yf we be perseyuyd by them that be in 32 
the wode, and that they knowe that ye haue slayne 
hym that hurt me, I fere me they wyll sle vs al* / 

' his. 

* escaped. * wikle nor coft. 
then. * holpe. 7 swounded. 

4 Fol. vii. col. 2. 
8 desire. 

Digitized by 



' brother/ quod Huon, ' by the grace of god I shal not 
retourne for f eer of deth / tyll I haue sene y e kyng to He prooeeds to 
apele 1 hym of treason, when vnder his condught and the emperor of 
4 commaundement we be betrayed, and watchyd by y e r^Tth^ituck 
waye to murder vs ' / ' brother,' quod Gerard, ' as your wwie^nder^Se 
plesour is, so be it* / then they rode forthe the way to 8afeoonduct - 
Parys fayre and easly, by cause of Gerard who was sore 
8 hurt / then y* knyghtes that were inbushyd 2 in the 
wode sayd to syr Amaury, ' syr, what shall we doo, 
senne 8 Chariot is slayne and lyeth in the playne / and 
yf we shall goo after them that hath done this dede / 

12 it shall be yll done yf they scape 4 alyue a way.* 
Then syr Amaury answeryd and sayde, ' let them goo, 
god curse them, lette vs folowe them aferre of / tyll 
they come to Parys / let vs cary with vs the body of Amaury raise* 

16 Chariot and brynge it to the kynge / and there ye ^w^owithorae 
shall se what I shall saye, and yf ye wyll agree to here SSm^ ltoW, 
wytnes 8 of that I shall say to y* kyng, I shall 6 make 
you all so ryche that ye shall neuer be power after ' / 

20 they answeryd they wolde fulfyll his pleasure / then 
they went out of y e wode, and came there as Chariot 
lay deed / then they toke hym vp and layde hym 
before y e erle Amaury on his horse necke / and so 

24 rode forth that, god confounde them, 7 / for as moche as 
in them lay, they dyd 8 to haue Huon iugyd to dethe / 
thus they rode the hye waye to parys / & the abbot of Huon with »is 
cluney, who was rydyn 9 on before, lokyd behynde hym Abbot again. 

28 and sawe the .ii. brethren comynge after hym / then he 
taryed and demandyd of Huon what aduenture he had 
founde / ' syr,' quod he, ' I haue slayne hym that hath He reoounte to 

him the 

sore hurt my brother / and 10 he thought to haue slayn adventure. 
32 me / but, thankyd be god, I haue lefte hym ded in the 

1 appeach. * ambushed. * see. * escape. 
5 Fol. vii. back, col. 1. 6 will. 
7 misoheefe & mishap followe them. 8 laboured. 9 ridden* 
10 where. 



[Ca. ix. 

place* / 'fayr nephew/ quod the abbot, 'I am sory 
therof, but seen 1 it is done / yf any plee 2 come therby, 

promise* to plead ' J J r J 

for him to the and tliat ye be excusyd 8 before y* kynge, I shall ayed 

you with all my power* / *syr,' quod Huon, 'of that 4 
I tlianke you ' / then Huon lokyd behynde hym and 
sawe were 4 the erle Amaury with all his powre came 
fayre & easely after hym / therwith all his blode 5 
trymbelyd / then he sayd to the abbot / ' syr, what 8 
shall I do ? yonder I se them aproche that desyryth 6 
my deth / they be the same that laye in y e wode 
wachynge for vs* / 'fayr nephew/ quod the abbot, 
'haue no dough t / for they that come after vs cometh 7 12 
but a sof t pase ; they make no semblant to ouer take 
you / let vs ryde on a good pase, we shall be anone at 
Parys ; it is but .ii. myles thether.' Then they rode on, 

They mch Parte, and restyd not tyll they came to the paleys, and ther 16 

alyghtyd and went vp. Huon helde his brother by the 
hande, and the abbot by the other hande / then they 
sa we the kynge syttyngo amo?ige his barons / then 

Huon salutyd duke Naymes and all the other barons, 20 
Huon teiit the and sayde / 8 ' god that for vs dyed on a crosse saue all 

barons in the , , , , , , A , , , 

King's presence these noble barons / and 9 confounde the kynge whome 
he^'pTm^used I se there syttyng 9 / for there was neuer harde of a 
on them. greter 10 treason then the kyng hath purchasyd for 11 24 

vs / seynge that by his messengers and his letters 
patentee he hath sent fore vs to do hym seruyce / the 
which cowmaundement we haue 12 obbeyed as to our 
souerayne lorde / but by false treason & a wayte hath 13 28 
layde asspyall 14 fore vs, and a grete busshement, 15 for to 
haue murderyd vs by the way / and 18 they haue 17 

1 seeing. a hurt. 8 accused. 4 where. 
6 heart. 6 desire. 7 come. 8 Fol. vii. back, col. 2. 

9 Health k faire hap to all these noble Lords, but shame 
& dishonour to my Lord the King. 

10 fowler. 11 practised against. 12 in all dutie. 
13 been added. 14 secretly. 15 close ambush. 16 first, 
17 omitted. 





assaylyd my brother here present, and by them was he 
brought in to that poynt 1 / that they lefte hym for 
deed / and he sayde that 2 they set on me to haue 
4 slayne me / but by y e ayed of oure lord Ihesu Cryste 
with my sworde I so defendyd me / that he that 
thought to haue slayne vs, I haue slayne hym.' 

% How the kynge was sore dyspleasyd with 
8 Huon bycause he apeychyd hym of trea- 
son / & how Huon shewyd all the maner 
why he slewe the knyght that woundyd 
his brother. Capitulo .x. 

Hen the kynge vnderstode 3 Huon he chwietu 
sayd, ' wassell, 4 beware and thynke well charge brought 
what thou sayest here before all my Huon! thimbJ 
barons / for neuer of 6 all my lyfe T 
16 nother dyde 6 nor consent 7 any trea- 

son / but by the fayeth that I owe to saynt Denys, 8 and 
by my berde / yf it be so that thou canst not proue this 
that thou layest to my charge / I shall cause bothe the 

20 and thy 9 brother to dye an yll 10 deth' / whan Huon 
herd the kyng how he toke his wordes / he stept 
forthe and sayd / '0 thou 11 kynge, beholde here my 
brother, who by the 12 is sore hurte and in iuperdy 13 of 

21 hys lyfe* / and so dyd 14 of his brothers gowne and his HuonAowi 

Gerard's wound 

doublet to his shyrt, and than vpeneth the grete to the coon, 
wounde, so that the blode ranne out, 15 so that Gerardyn 
fell 16 in a swoune before the kyng and the barons, for 17 
28 the grete payne 18 that he felt: wherof the emperour 

1 into such danger. 2 afterward. 8 had heard. 
4 knight. 6 in. 6 did I euer act. 7 give consent to. 
8 my maker. 9 Fol. viii. col. 1. 10 euill. 11 Great. 

12 thy meanes. 13 ieopardie. 14 did take. 
14 abundantly addtd. 16 it enforced G. to fall. 17 through. 
18 anguish. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. x. 

Charles pities the 
Injured youth, 

and prorates to 
punish him who 
has brought him 
to such a plight. 

had suche pyte 1 / that his herte tenderyd 2 / than 
incontynent 8 he sent for his surgens, causyng them to 
serche his wounde / than he demaundyd yf they coude 
saue his lyfe / and when they hadde well vysytyd 4 the 4 
wounde, they sayde / ' syr, by the plesure 5 of god with 
in this moneth he shal be hole & sounde ' / the kyng 
was glad of that answere / than he regard yd 6 Huon 
and sayde, ' sene thou leyest this deed to my charge / 8 
7 by the feyth that I owe to god & to saint Denis / 
neuer in my lyfe I thought to do this treason 7 / but by 
y* glorious saynt James, 8 and by the crowne that I here 
on my hede / yf I may knowe who hath done this 9 I 12 
shall do suche puysyon 10 and so grete iustyce that it 
shall before euer 11 a perpetuall memory 12 / & I shall 
do you suche ryght 18 that ye shall haue no cause to 
complayn* / 'syr/ quod 14 Huon, ' I thanke you, for in 16 
obbeyynge of your commaundement this myschyf is 
fallen to vs. I can not thynke nor knowe that any 
tyme of oure lyfe nother I nor 16 my brother dyd neuer 
wronge nor 16 trespace to any creature / syr, at lenght I 20 
Huon describes at shall shewe the maner of this dede 17 / after that why 18 

length the manner 

of the attack, departyd fro Burdeaux we founde no aduenture / but 

whan we came with in a lege of mount leherry / we 

met with our vncle, the Abbot of cluney / and so fell in 24 

companey with hym / to conducte vs to your court, and 

so we rode to gether tyll we came on this syde mount 

leherry / than 19 we sawe a lytell wode, and by the 

1 took such compassion. 
* that he could not choose but much bemone him. 
3 And therefore immediately. 4 thorowly searched. 

6 help. 6 and beholding. 

7-7 thou must thinke, that thou hast touched the royall 
reputation of a King & that in such sort, as verie hardly may 
the condition of Majestic endure it. 

• by my Countreys honour. 9 heynous offenoe added. 
10 right. 11 as it shall remaine for. 18 of due honour added, 
13 And that yourselves shall report. 14 My Lord, answeared. 

16 either . . or. 


ever , 


17 but thus (by your kingly pacience) the case happened, 
w we. 19 Fol. viii. col. 2. 

Digitized by 


bryghtnen of the sonne we sawe the helmes and 
speres and shy Ides of them that were embussbyd in the 
wode, and the one came t>ut of y* wode all armyd, his 
4 8pere in his harode, and shylde aboute his necke, and 
he came softe a 1 pace to warde vs / than all we stode 
sty 11, and sent my brother to the knyght to know 
wether they were spyes or men to kepe y e passage, to 
8 y* entent that, yf they demawdyd any trybute, they 
shold haue ryght of vs / yf they wolde haue any of 
vs / wha» my brother came nere to the knyght he 
demandyd what we were / & my brother sayde / how 

12 we were the chyldren of the Duke of burdeux, and 
where comynge by your commaundement to your court, 
to releue our londys and fees of your grace / than the 
knyght sayde how we were the same persons that he 

16 sought for / and sayd how that a .vii. yere 2 passyd that 
duke Seuyn our father had taken fro hym .iii. castels / 
the whiche was neuer so / than my brother offeryd 
hym that if he wolde com to parys before you & your 

20 barons he shuld haue ryght done to hym, yf he hadde 
any wronge done to hym / than the knyght answeryd 
that he wolde not so do / and ther with sodenly 
couchyd his spere, and stroke my brother as ye see, he and of Ma 

24 beynge vnarmyd, so that he fell to the erthe, wenyng 
he had been slayne / and than he rode agayne fayre 
and easley towarde the wode. And wha?i I sawe my 
brother borne to the erthe, I had suche sorowe at my 

28 herte that I coude tarry no longer to be auengyde / 
than I demandyd of myne vncle yf he wolde ayed me / 
he answeryd and sayd no, because he was a preest, so 
he and all his monkes departyd, and lefte me alone / 

32 than I toke the .x. knyghtes that came with me out of 
my countre / and I rode as faste as I coude to the 
entent that he eholde not *skape 4 that had sowoundyd 

1 a soft. * yeares * Fol. viii. back. col. 1. 
• escape. 

Digitized by 


my brother / & as sone as he sawe that I folowyd 
hym / he retournyd agaynst me / than I demaundyd 
of hym what he was / he sayd he perteynyd to Duke 
terrey of Ardayn / than I demaundyd why he had 4 
slayne my brother ; he answeryd & sayd in lyke wyse 
he wold seme me / & therwith he couchyd his spere & 
stroke me on y e syde through my gowne & dowblet, & 
hurte not my fleshe, as it was the pleasure of god / than 8 
I wrappyd my mantell aboute myne arme & I drew out 
my sworde, & with bothe my handys as he passyd by 
He ieiu how he me I gaue hym such a stroke that I cloue his hede 

slew his brother's 

wouid-be nere to the tethe / & so he fell downe to y e erthe 12 

murderer, deed. I know not what he is / But what soeuer he be, 
I haue slayn hym / & yf there be any that wyll 
demau?id ryght in this case, let hym in to your royall 
court before al your peeres, & I shal do hym reason yf 16 
it be founde that I haue done any wronge ; & whan 
I had slayne hym, I Jayde my brother on y e deed 
knyghte* horse, & ouer toke y e abbot myne vncle / as 
I rode I sawe 1 behynd me I saw them that where 20 
inbusshyd in y e wode come rydyng after, & one knyght 
and how his body came before & brought vpon his horse y e sayde deed 
bln^to^he knyght. I knowe well, yf they be not come, they 
court * wyll soone be here ' / whan kyng Charlemayn vnder- 24 

cimries wondera stode Huon / he hadde crete meruayll what knyght it 

who the false ' G , , 

knight may be. was that was slayne, and sayd to Huon / 4 knowe for 
trough I shall do you reason, for I know none so grete 
in my realme, who so euer it be, yf I can proue on hym 28 
any poynt of treason, but I shall cause hym to dye an 
yll 2 deth / for y e mater touchy th me ryght nere, syn 3 
vnder myne assurance & by my cowniandeine?it ye 
r.erard by the are conie hether. , Than y e kynge cowmaundyd that 3* 
carefully tended. Gerarde sholde be had to a goodly cha?nbre & well 
lokyd vnto / y e whiche was done. 

1 and looked. 9 euill. 3 seeing. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xi.] of amaury's return with the dead body OP CHABl.OT. 31 

% How Chariot the kynges sone 1 was brought 
before hym deed, & of the grete sorow 
that he made / & how the erle Amaury 
appellyd 2 Huon for the deth of Chariot / 
& how the kyng wolde haue runne vpon 
Huon / & of the good couwsell that Duke 
Naymes of bauyer gaue to the kyng. 

Ca. .xi. 

, Ow 8 Huon Of BlirdeUX & y e abbot Huon and the 

of cluney his vncle herd the good king for i.u 

wyll of the kynge & the offer that C0WrU * 7 ' 

he had made / they knelyd down 

to haue kyst his fote, & thankyd 

hym of his courtesey / than 4 y e 

kyng 5 toke hym vp. Thaw y e abbot sayd, 'syr, all 

16 that my nephew Huora had sayd is trew* / y e ki[n]ge 

sayd, * I belyue you wel ' / y e king dyd to them honour, 

& feest 6 / but he had grete desire to knowe the trough 

of this case / & sayd, ' Huon, & ye, abbot of clunei / Charles assert* 

20 know for trough 7 I haue a 80ne whome I loue himself proved 
, i / i? i i i • i i the traitor his 

enteerly / yf ye haue slayne hym in doynge suche a death eiiouid be 
velayn 8 dede as to breke my assurance, I do pardon rettdlly pwrdo,l ' d - 
you, so that it be as ye say* / 'syr/ quod Huon, 'of 9 

24 that I thanke your grace / & surely y e trough is as I 

haue shewyd you ' / then y e kynge sent for Chariot his "e sends for 
eone / so he was serchyd for in his logynge / & there 
it was sayde how he was departyd out of y e towne y e 

28 nyght before / so y e messengers departyd, & whan they 

came in to the strete / they sawe where the erle Amaury Bat meanwhile 

his body is being 

came rydynge with Chariot deed on his horse neck / carried to the 
& they herde in stretes lordes, knyghte$, ladyes, & pala ° e ' 

1 Fol. viii. back, col. 2. 2 appeached. 3 when. 

4 but. 6 knyg in orig. 
9 fessted them in his Pallaice royally. 7 certaintie. 
8 villainous. 9 for. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. XL 

The people throng 
the streets, 
and greet the 
cortege with 

Chnrles heart the 
cry, and 
bids Duke 
Naymes diacorer 
its cause. 

But straightway 
Amaury brings 
the corpse into 
the audience 

and lays it down 
before the King. 

Duke Naymes 
endeavours to 
assuage Charles' 


damasels makyng grete cryes & pytyous complayntea 
for Chariot, the kynges sone, whome they sawe deed / 
these messengers had grete meruayll 1 / at the last they 
persayuyd it was for y* loue of the deth of Chariot / 4 
than they returayd to the palayes / but by rayson of the 
cry 2 that the pepull made, 8 the noyse therof 4 cam to 
the palayes. Y e kynge Charlemayn herd his sonne 
Chariot namyd / than he sayde to duke Naymes / 8 
' syr, I haue grete meruayll what noyse is it that is 
made in y e towne, & as me thynkyth I here my sonne 
Chariot narayd / sertenly my hert gyuyth me that it is 
my sone that Huon hath slayne, wherfore I requyre 12 
you go & knowe what the matter is.' 8 

U Than duke Naymes / departyd, & iucontenent he 
incounteryd Chariot borne deed betwene .iiii. knyghte* 
vpon a shylde / whan he sawe that, he was ryght 16 
8orowfull, so that he coud speke no 5 worde / than y* 
vnhappy erle Amaury went vp in to y e hall, & came 
before y e kynge & all his barons, & ther he leyde 
downe Chariot / whan Charles sawe his sonne so 20 
slayne / y* doloure & sorow that he made was inport- 
able ; e it was pyte to se him / than duke Naymes had as 
mych sorow as other, 7 seynge the pytufull aduenture, 
& also y e sorow 8 that his lordes made / than he came 24 
to the kynge & sayde / 4 syr, 9 coraforte youreelfe in this 
mysaduenture / syr, by takyng this dolour 10 ye cai 

1 were annoyed at these exclamations, but. 
8 outcries & pityous moone. 

8 From * the noise .... is 1 is thus altered : — with oft 
repetition of Chariot's name (all which the Emperour, leaning 
at a windowe, confusedly heard) his heart woxed wondrous 
heauie, saying, 4 Mee thinkes I heare such sorrow as hath not 
been usual!, and my Sonne Chariot's name is tossed to & fro in 
this outcry; it maketh me feare that it is my Sonne whome 
thou hath slain.' Then calling Duke Naymes unto him, 
requested him to goe forth 6c resolue him on this matter. 

4 Fol. ix. col. 1. 6 one. 8 unspeakable. 

T any other. 8 moane. 9 Good my Lord. 

10 by ouergreeuing at this ill hap. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xi.] 



wynne nothyng / nor recouer your chylde agayne / syr, 
ye know well that my cousin Ogyer the dane slew my 
sonne Bertrand / who bare your message of defyaunce 

i to the kyng of Pauey / yet I dyd suffer it without any 
grete sorow makyng, by cause I knew well so row coude 
not recouer hym agayne* / 'Naymes,' quod the kynge, The King inquires 
'I ca;i not forgete this / I haue grete desyre to knowe eon^totT. 0 ^ 

8 the cause of this dede ' / than duke Nayines sayd to 
duke Amaury / 'syr, know you who hath slayne 
Chariot, & for what cause ? 1 Than erle amaury stept 
forth e, and sayde with a loude woyse 1 / 'syr 2 kynge Am«ury 

denounces Hnon 

12 Charlemayn / what 3 demaunde you any forther, whan u the murderer, 
ye haue hym before you that hath slayn your sonne ? & 
that is Huon of Bourdeux, who is syttynge there in 
your presence' / whan the kynge herd what the erle 

16 Amau 4 ry had sayd / he lokyd feersly ou Huon, and had chariw would 

i ... _ . - 0 , . have rushed upon 

8trykyn B him with a knyfe, 6 & duke Naymes had not Huon but for 
ben, 7 who blamed the kynge, & sayd, 'a, syr, 8 what mtervention! - 
thyuke 9 you to do this day, to receyue y e chyldren of 

20 duke Seuyn in to y[ou]r court, & hath promysed to do 
them ryght & reason, & now wold sle them / so may 
all 8uche as shall here of y* mater shal 10 say that ye 
haue sent for them to 11 murder & to sle them / and that 

24 ye sent your sonne to lye in a wayte for them, to haue 
slayne them / syr, 12 by that I se in you / as now ye 
maynteyne not youre selfe lyke a man, but rather lyke 
a chyldtt 12 / syr, demaunde of erle Amaury / the cause 

28 why he had forthe Chariot 'your sonne / & why that he 
assaylyd y* .ii. brethren ' / ther was present Huon, who 
was gretely abasshyd of the kynge 13 / who receyuyd Huon feare the 

^ * * King in hLi 

hym so humbly, 14 & now wolde sle hym / he was in wrath. 

1 yoyce. 8 Great. 8 why. 4 Fol. ix. col. 2. 6 stroken. 
• his Sceptre. 7 but for duke N. 8 Forbeare, my Lord. 
9 meane. 10 omitted. 11 to no other end but to. 
12—18 By this may be discerned, that you forget the true 
Maiestie of a King, & exprease actions unseeming Clmrlemaine. 
18 at the Kings furie. 14 first so kindly. 




[Ca. xii. 

grete fere / and as raoche as he myght ho drewe backe 
fro the kynge / & was abasshyd 1 in that he had slayn 
the kynges sonne vnknowyng; 2 & than he was sore 
troubelyd it was no meruayll, for theyr 3 he sawe no 4 
man that perteynyd to hym nor 4 to ayed hym / nor 6 
too mayntayne his ryght / but alonely y e good abbot of 
cluney, his vncle / who coud gyue him none other ayed 
but with his wordes ; thaw he toke on hym corage, & 8 
He pleads that he ryght humbly sayd to y e kyng / 1 syr, I requyre your 

slew Chariot in 

his own defence, grace touch me not / for, syr, know for trough / he that 
lyeth ther deed before you / I slew him in my defence / 
and knew him not & not knowynge that he was your sonne Chariot / 12 

to be the King'a r J ' 

■on. for, syr, yf I had knowyn him I wolde in no wyse haue 

touchyd hym / for, syr, ye may well knowe yf I had 
knowyn that it had ben he I wolde not haue com 
to you for resyne; 6 I wold rather haue fled awaye 16 
so farre that no man shulde haue herd any tydynges of 
me / &, syr, for goddes sake I requyre you, as hertely 
as I caw, to let me haue ryght / I subrayt my body / to 
abide the iugement of your noble Peres, 7 and yf it can 20 
be prouyd that I slewe Chariot knowynge hym to be 
your sone / than, syr, let me haue a shamefull dethe ' / 

The barons ask than all the Peeres & barons beynge theyr sayde with 

Auiaury for his 

account of the sad a hye voyse / how he had spoken resonably, & that yf 24 
the erle Amaury wolde any thinge say to the contrary, 
it was tyme than to speke and to shewe it. 

% How the traytour erle Amauri chargid 
Huofl before the eraperour, how that he 28 
traytourously with treason prepensyd 8 had 
slayne the kynges sonne, & in that quarell 
he appellyd Huon to batayll. Ca. .xii. 

1 greatly agreeued. 8 not knowing him. 
8 And blame him not to be much troubled in mind when. 
* omitted. 6 or. 6 rescue. 7 Fol. ix. back, col. 1. 
8 pretended. 

Digitized by 



Hen the kynge had harde Huon speke, The King follows 
he beheld duke naymes, & desyred mu\l£* Jme * 
him too shewe 1 hys aduyse. 'syr/ A^ury** 18 1 ° 
quod the duke, * I can seye none other 
thynge to you but as I sayd before / 
demaunde erle Amaury why he led fourth your sonne 
all armid, and kepte the busshement in the woode to set 
8 on the .ii. bretheren, or elles what was it that he sought 
for there ' / then erle Amaury sayd, ' syr, I shall shewe The false Earl 
you the trouthe, & yf I do otherwyse let me dye a a lying Bt017 
8hamefull dethe / trewe it is, this nyght passyd, your 
1 2 sonne sent for me, desyryng me to ryde with hym an 
hawkynge / and I desyred hym to abyde tyll 2 the 
mornynge / but he sayd that he would nedes go afore 
nyght / then I grauntyd to go with hym, so that he 
1 C woulde ryde armyd / for I doughtyd the men of Arden, 
to the entente that yf we met with eny of them we 
myght be able to resyst them ; and so we dyd / thus we how he and 
rode out of this towne, and came into a lytell wode, hAwkfe^"^** 
20 and there we cast of our hawkys, and theyre we lost one h * wk * 
of them, and therwith the same waye came the chyldren 
of duke seuyn / and there we sawe Huon, the eldest, who which Huon 
is here pr<«ewt, who 3 had taken vp oure hawke / and to restore, 
24 your sone came in courteyse manner to hym, and 
desyryd hym to rendre agayne his hawke, but the 
traytoure would not in no wyse / then Gererde, the 
yonger brother, came to your sonne, and they straue so 
28 togyther that your sonne strake him ; then Huon, with- and how Huon 

thereon struck 

out eny word spekynge, lyft vp his swerd, & so chariot down, 
petuously 4 slew youre sone / then he & his brother ran 
awaye so fast that we coulde not ouer take hym, 5 
32 wherof we were sory / thus he knewe well your sonne, Amaury 

challenges Huon 

and he slew hym / and yf he wyll say the contrary, to reassert that he 
here is my gage, the which I present here before you / chariot wm. 

1 giue. 2 untill. 8 Fol. ix. back, col. 2. 
4 villaynously. 6 them. 

D 2 

Digitized by 




[Ca. xiil 

and yf he be soo hardy to lyfte vp my gawge, I shall 
make hym confesse it or 1 it be nyght that it is trew 
that I haue sayd: and this I wyll proue, 2 my body 
ayenst his.' 4 

The Abbot of 
Cluny declare* 
Amaury to heve 
falnely apoken. 

Ammary adheres 
to bis story. 

The Abbot bids 
Huon accept the 
false Earl's 

% How the abbot of cluney wold proue that 
the sayeng of the erle amaury was fals & 
vntrew, & how the erle dyd cast his gauge 
ayenst Huon, who toke it vp. Ca. .xiii. 8 

> Fter that erle Amauri had endyd his 
tale, y e abbot of cluney stept fourthe, 
and sayd to the kyng, 'syr, ye 
neuer herd so fals a tale before as 12 
this traytour Amaury hathe sayd, 
for I and .iiii. moo 3 of my mounkes, 
beynge preestes here p/esente, ar redy to swere & to 
make solempne othe that the sayeng of this traytour is 16 
false, and therfore there ought no gage to be layde in 
y* cause, synse 4 there is trew wyttenes of the mater'/ 
'syr,' quod the kyng, 'the wyttewes is to be beleuyd / 
syr Amaury, how say you thertof / 'A, syr,' quod 20 
he, ' I wolde be lothe to say agaynst y* abbot, but y* 
trough is as I haue sayd / y* abbot may say as it 
playse him / but yf Huon be so hardy to deny this that 
I haue sayd before you / let him com in to y* felde 24 
agaynst me, &, or 5 it be nyght, I shall cause him to 
6 co/?fe?se it openly ' / whan y* abbot harde ///at, he had 
grete raeruayll, & beheld Huon, & sayde 7 / 'fayr 
nephew, ofifer your gage, for the ryght is with y* / for 28 
yf than be vanquysshyd in this quarel, yf euer I retourne 
in to niyne abbey theyr is no seynt in my churche, but 
I shall with a staflfe beat & breke them all to pyces / 

1 ere. 3 with added. 3 more. * seeing. 
6 before. 3 Fol. x. col. 1. 
» be grew offended, & looking stearnly upon H., sayd. 

Digitized by 



for yf god wyll suffer suche a wronge, I shal gyue if hi* nephew 
^ suche strokes vpon y* shryne of seynt Peter that I he win break an 
shall leue nother gold nor precyous stone hole to- Hdnuinhii r ^ 
4 gether' / 'syr,' quod Huon / <& god wyll I shall not church * 
let to lyft vp his gage, for I shall proue that falsly and Huon take* u\> 

. the challenge, 

vntrewely / syr Araaury lyeth, as an yll 1 & a false . 
traytour, & shal make him to confesse that I neuer 
8 knew that he that I slewe was y* kynges sonne ' / thaw 
y* kyng sayd that Huon muost lay 2 hostage / 'syr/ 
quod Huon, ' ye shall haue my brother ; I can not tfve« his 

* brother as 

delyuer you any that is so nere me as he is / for here I hostage. 

12 haue nother cosyn nor kynsman that wyl lay in hostage 
for me ' / ' fayre neuew,' qwod y* abbot, ' say not so / 
for I & my monke* wyl be pledges for you, & yf 
anythinge shuld fall to you other wyse than wel, 

16 which god f orbed, than shame haue kynge Charlemayn, 
without he hange on the galous bothe me & all my 
monkes.' ' A, syr/ 3 quod the kynge, ' ye say yll / for 
I wold neuer do that* / than sayde the kynge to 

20 Amaury / ' sir, lay 4 pledges for your part ' / the traytour 

answeryd / 'air, here be .iL of my nephese shall be Amanry offer* his 

. two nephews as 

pledge for me ' / 'I am content/ quod the kynge, 1 on y* pledges, 
condycyon that yf thou be vanquysshyd or dyscomfytyd 

24 I shall cause them to dye an yll deth/ than y* pledges 
said they wold be no pledges on that condycyon : let 
other be pledges who wold : but they sayd yf y e king 
wold take them on the lesynge 5 of ther londes / they 

28 were content / & the kyng graunted them. 

% How those .ii. champions came in to the 
felde where as they shuld fyght, acowpanyd 
with there freadis. Capitulo .xiiii. 

1 euffl. a giue. 8 Go to, Abbot. 
4 bring in. 6 loosing. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xiv. 

Hub as ye herd both parteys delyueryd 
dges ; than y* kyng, to be in y* more 
rte, put them both in a toure 2 tyll 
The lists are X^MMJ y e day of y* batayll : than y* feld was 4 

prepared forth* f P^MM^ V " * \ , 

duel. >*™^^*S) ordaynyd, for / y* kyng than sware that 

his sonne shuld not be buryed tyll he that were van- 
quysshyd were hanged, yf he were not slayne in y* felde / 
than he commandyd duke Naymes to be redy with an 8 
C. knyghte* to kepe y* felde & to se that no treason 
shuld be done ; for he sayd he had rather lese 3 y* best 

Tiie Duke Cyte of his realm e / ' syr,' quod duke Naymes, ' be y* 

t™^ment. MaU pleasour 4 of god, the mater shall be so orderyd for y* 12 
suerte of both partes, that none shal haue wrowg ' / y* 
which thinge was done so delygerctly that euery thiwge 

The champions was redy / so bothe partes were brought in to the 

with their friends " ' 

repair to cimrch church of our lady in Pans, accompenyd with theyr 16 
app^intwuor the frendes, as in suche a case requyryd. with Amaury 
gh£ was is next frendea, all issuyd of y* genalogey of 

Gawnelon / whan they both had hard masse, they toke 
a soppe 6 of wyne / than they were rychely armyd & 20 
and thence ride to mountyd on good horeses, & so tooke y* way to y* 

the Held* 

felde / y e stages were redy, & y* kyng & his barons 
there redy 6 / abydyng for the .ii. champyons / who 
came one after another through y* strette* / fyrst came 24 
y* erle Amaury, & he rode tyll he came to the felde, 
& than he alyghtyd, & salutyd y* kynge & all the 
barons / than Huon cam anone after, acompenyd with a 
goodly soort / there was 7 lenynge in wyndous ladys & 28 
damesels a grete nombre, who all prayed our lord Ihu 
Cryst to ayed & to defend Huon fro the traytour 
The people debate Amaury / the peopell compleynyd / and thought it in 

the chances of the ~ ' * r r j j i e> 

warriors. possyble that Huon shulde resyst agaynst erle Amaury / 32 

by cause Huon was so fay re and yong / but of the 
age of foure an twenty yere. But he was so fayre and 

1 Fol. x. col. 2. 2 Tower. 3 loose. 4 grace. 
6 draught. 6 present. 1 were. 

Digitized by 



so well made of body that he coude not be amendyd, 1 
nor none more replete with vertu / there fore he was 
sore bemoynd 3 both of men and 8 woman that sawe hym 
4 passe by / & by cause y e erle Amaury was a byg 4 man 
& a valyant, & an expert maw 5 in armes, none stronger 
in all the kynges court / he was preuy 6 with the 
kynge, & welbelouyd / py te it was that 7 he was suche 
8 a traytour, for a worse coud not be founde in any 
realme / he had grete trust in his owne strenthe / & 
lytyll praysyd 8 Huon of bourdeux, thynkynge he 
shuld not longe endure agaynst hym / but there is a 

12 comon prouerbe / the which hath begylyd many a 
man : it is sayd that a small rayne abatyth a grete 
wynd / for yf our lord Ihu Cryst wyll saue Huon / y* 
force & puyssance of erle Amaury shall do Huon but 

16 small hurt / for the ryght excellent proffers 9 and grete 
corage that was in Huon defendyd hym, as ye shall 
Here here after. 

% How those .ii. champions made theyr 
20 othes vpotf the relykes that theyr sayenge 
was trewe / & what the kynge sayde. 

Capitulo .xv. 

Hus Huon [rode] 10 tyll he came in to 
y e felde : than he salutyd the kyng & 
all the barons ryght humbly / than ho Hnon swears on 

, . , 0 ' the rw'ics that he 

aprochyd to the relykes, & ther made has spoken truth, 
his Boleme othe in the presence of 
duke Naymes of Bauyer, who was 
keper of the felde, affermyng that neuer in his lyfe he 
knewe not that he had slayne Chariot, the kinges 

1 no knight so gallant k seemly. 8 beranoyd in the orig. 
* Fol. x. back, col. 1. 4 big boned. 6 knight. 
• inward. 7 everie one greatly pityed that. 8 regarded. 
9 partes. 10 rode u written in the orig. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. XV. 

Amanry swears 
that Huon speaks 

Amaury stumbles 
when mounting 
bis bone. 

The champions 
enter the lists. 

The Emperor 
proclaims that 
shonM either of 
them be slain 
before he had 
confessed the 
truth as to 
Chariot'* death, 
the survivor 
should be 
banished and lose 
his land. 

sowne, & 1 all that erle Amaury hath sayd was false & 
vntrew, & that he lyed lyke a false traytour, & so 
kyssed the relykes / whan Huon had thus made his 
othe, erle Amaury stept forthe all afrayde / and s ware 4 
how Huons othe was false, and that [he] surely knew 
that it wa9 Chariot whan he slewe him, by cause he 
claymyd his hawke, y* which Huon had taken vp, & 
that he sayd he 2 wold cause hym to confesse or 3 it 8 
were nyght. whan he had sworne, he thought to haue 
retournyd to his horse, &.sturablyd so that he had 
nerehand fallen to y* erth. all that saw it toke it for 
an yll syne, & iugyd in ther mindes how y* mater was 12 
lykely to go yll 4 agaynst the erle Amaury. whan 
bothe those champyons had made 6 theyr othes, & the 
duke Naymes had causyd the felde to be avoydvd / 
had set the keepers of the frlde in deu order as it 16 
aperteynyd / than the .ii. champyons lept on theyr 
horses, theyr speres in theyr handys, & there shy Ides 
about theyr neckes / than a crye was made that none 
shulde be so hardy to moue or to make any token to 20 
any of y* partes vpon payn of deth / after that crye 
made y e noble emperour Charlemayn, full of Ire & 
dyspleasour, causyd it to be cryed, 6 that yf it fortunyd 
that the vanquysser sle his enymye in y* feld / or 7 he 24 
cowfesse y* treason for y* deth of his sonne, that than 
y* vanquesser to lese all his londys, & hym selfe to be 
bannysshyd out of y* realme of france, & out of y* 
empyre of Eome for euer / after that crye made 8 duke 28 
Naymes & y* other barons & peeres cam to the kynge 
and sayde / 1 A, syr, what wyll ye do ? / this that ye 
wolde do 9 is agaynst the statute of the noble realme of 
fraunce & of y* empyre of Rome / for often tymes it 32 

1 that as he was true knight, k loyall liegeman to the 
Emperour, addtd. 

2 Fol. x. back, col. 2. 3 ere. 4 euill 3 taken. 
6 againe to be proclaimed. T before. 

8 proclamation ended. 9 you haue proclaymed. 

Digitized by 



happyth 1 that one of y e champyons is slayne & haue 

no puissance 2 to speke 3 / for your grete renowne, the Duke Naymw 

whiche so long tyme hath been spred abrode, that it Kinguiwrein 

4 shulde be quenshyd or blamysshyd, it shall be sayde u ^ ,u,t * 
that you who hath lyuyd in so grete tryumphe 4 all y* 
dayes of your lyfe, & now in your latter dayes to 
become a 5 chylde;' of the which wordes / the kyng 

8 toke small ragarde. 

% How Huon of burdeux and the erle 
Amaury fought together be 6 fore kyng 
Charleman, & how the traytour Amaury 
12 was slayne by the noble prowes and 
cheualry of Huon. Ca. .xvi. 

Han kyng Charlemayn had herd Duke hu baron, make 

like complaint, 

naimes / he swore by saynt Denys of but chariea wiu 
fraunce & by his crowne & berde that ***** notuln «- 
it shulde be as he had sayd, nor other 
wyse he wolde not do it / than the 
noble barons where sory & sore dyspleasyd. and they 
20 departyd fro y* kyng, & sayd that by all semylytude 7 fro 
thens forth ryght sholde haue no place in his court, many 
noble prynces & barones murmuryd sore at y* crye 8 
that was made / those 9 .ii. champyons drew a parte, & 
24 eche of them feraly regardyd other / than erle Amaury Amaury crt« 

, , , • i . ., -rr m i aloud that Huon 

spake aloude & sayd / 1 t/iou Huon of burdeux, false ia a &1m traitor. 
traytour 10 knyght / this day I shall cause the to confesse 
thy falsnes / how be it I haue grete pyte of the, I see 
28 the so yonge 11 / yf 12 tfiou wylt confesse this murder 
that thou hast done / I shall desyre kynge charlemayn 
1 happeneth. * power. 

' shall therefore the cooquerour been bo much iniuried? 

* dignity. 4 weaker than a. 6 Fol. xi. col. 1. 
7 likelyhood. • proclamation. 9 and the. 
10 trayterous. 11 in regard of thy youth. 
,f therefore. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xvi. 

Huon anuren 
in mm. 

They rath on 
one another, 
and their horsee 

Tliejr fight on 

Amaury etrlkee 
Huoh'b helmet 
eo that he nearly 

to haue mercy 1 vpon the* / whan Huon 2 herde the 
treatour so speke, for anger he blusshyd red & sayde / 
' a ! thou false gloton and yll traytour, 8 thy venemus 
wordys full of bytternes doth no thynge 4 abasshe me / 4 
for the good ryght that I am in shall ayed me by the 
helpe of our lorde Ihesu Cryst / and I shall so pony she 
thy trespace / that this day I shall make the to confesse 
thy falsues haue ther of no dought ' / ther with couchyd 8 
ther speres & dasht 6 so to ther horses / that it semed 
that the thounder had fallen fro heuen / thus with 
ther sharpe speres they enconteryd in suche wyse that 
ther spers brake to ther handea, so that y* sleuere flew 12 
a hye in y e ayer, & in to y* kynges stage / & both ther - 
horses fell to the erth / & the knyghts sore astonnyd 
with ther fallyng / than venturously 6 they releuyd 
them with ther swordys in ther handys, & so aprochyd 16 
eche to other / and so fought eche with another 7 & 
Huons horse strangelyd syr Amaury es horse, & 8 whan 
he saw his horse slayne / Amaury stept to Huon for to 
haue slayne him / 9 than Huon stept betwene them 9 & 20 
lift vp his sword, & gaue y e erle such a stroke that he 
was astonnyed therwith, & reculyd 10 backe more than 
.ii. pases, & more 11 had he not fallen to y e erth 11 / so 
that all that sawe them had meruayll of Huons vertu & 24 
force, seynge y* grett strenght that was in syr Amaury / 
than whan y* erle Amaury felte hym selfe in grete 
payne he began to dysspyse the name of god and of the 
gloryous vyrgyn mary / how be it, as well as he myght 28 
he aprochyd to Huon, and with his sworde gaue Huon 
suche a stroke on the helme that all the floures & 
precyous stones ther flewe abrode in the felde, and the 
eyrcle of the helme all to broken / and the stroke was 32 

compassion. * Fol. xi. col. 2. s most disloyall knight 
4 at all. * gave such carrier. • very boldly. 

7 so long while that. 1 who. 
•-• but Huon met him valiantly. 10 staggred. 
"-" hardly holding himself from falling to the earth. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xvi] 


so puysaunt that Huon was therwith astonyd, and by 
force was fayne to syt 1 on one of his knees to the 
erthe 2 / and he hadde nere almoost fallen to the erthe / 
4 & there was present in y* feld lorde* & knyghtes / & 
one of y* abbot of 8 cluneys syruante* / whan he saw y* 
grete stroke that Huon had receyuyd, he departyd out 
of y* felde & went in to y e churche, were as he founde 
8 his mayster y* abbot in his prayers for y* good spede of The Abbot prays 
Huon his nephew / than the varlot sayd, 4 4 a, syr, 5 pray safety, 
hertely to our lorde Iheau Cryste to socoure your 
nephew / for I sawe hym fayne to knell upon one of his 

12 knees in grete dought of deth'/ than y e good abbot 
with out any answer lyfte vp his handys to warde 
heuen deuoutly, & wepynge, prayyng to god ayed & to 
defende y* honoure of his nephew & to mayntayne his 

16 ryght / thus Huon beynge in y* felde in grete doute 
of his lyfe, felyng that force 6 of y* erle Amaury / he 
callyd with a good herte to our lorde Ihesu Cryste / 
requyrynge hym to ayed his ryght, y* whiche he 

20 knewe that it was trew 7 / whan erle Amaury sawe 
tliat Huon had receiuyd of hym such a heuy stroke, he 
sayde, * Huon, I belyue thou wylt not endure longe / Amaury threatens 

to slay Huon 

better it were that thou confesse y e dede or 8 I slee unless he 
24 thee, for, or it be nyght, I shall cause thee to waue in w urai murder of 
the wynde ' / ' holde thy tounge, thou false traytour/ Charlot 
quod Huon ; ' thyne ylnes 9 shall not ayed the / for I Huon defies him, 
shall brynge the to that poynt / that all thy frendys 
28 shall haue shame of the ' / than Huon auansyd hym, 
and made semblant too haue stryken Amaury on the 
helme. Than Amaury lyfte vp his shylde to haue 
receyuyd y* stroke / but whan Huon sawe that / he and strikes off 

J J J 1 ' Amaury'sleft 

32 tornyd his stroke to a reuerse, and stroke Amaury arm. 

1 fall. 9 the other Legge but weakly supporting him. 
• Fol. xi. back, col. 1. 4 to whom the seruant sayd. 
1 Ah, my Lord. 8 sturdie strength. 7 to be most true. 
9 before, 9 illness. 



[Ca. xvi. 

▲mauty falssly 
appeals to Huon's 

and oilers him hit 

But when Huon 
advances to 

▲manry dealt 
him a fierce blow 
whieh mittet ltt 

In anjrer Huon 
cleaves Amaury*s 
head before 
his sin. 

under the arme with his sharpe sword, so that he stroke 
of his arme, the which feJl downe into the felde, shylde 
and all. 

U whan erle Amaury eawe & felt y* meraelous 4 
stroke, & that he had loste his lyfte arme, & sawe it 
lay in y e felde, he was full of payne and sorow / & 
aduysyd hym selfe of a grete treason. Than he spake to 
Huon and sayde / ' a, noble knyght, haue pyte of my, 8 
for 1 wrongfully & without cause I haue appellyd you . 
of the deth of Chariot, y* kynges sone / but I knowe 
y* trought ye knew hym not / but he is dede by my 
neymes ; for I brought hym in to the wode for to 12 
haue murderyd you and your brother. I am redy 
knowlege 2 this before the kynge and all his barons, 
and to dyscharge you therof / I pray you slee 3 my 
not; I yelde me to you / take here my sworde'/ than 16 
Huon came to hym and put downe hys arme to haue 
taken the sworde / but than the false tray tour Amaury 
with a reueree stroke / stroke Huon on the arme, 
thynkyng to haue stryken it of / but he faylyd. How 20 
be it, he gaue hym a grete wounde in the arme, so that 
the blode fell downe./ whan Huon sawe his grete 4 
treason / he sayd, ' 0 thou vntrew & false traytour / 
thyne ylnes can no ledger sane the / for thou shalt 24 
neuer do trayson more ' / than Huon lyft vp his 
sworde / & gaue the erle suche a meruaylous stroke 
betwene the helme & the shulder / that he stroke of 
his hede clene fro y* body, so that the helme & hede 28 
fell one way and y* body another way / alas, what hape 
was it to Huon that he dyd not remerobre or he slewe 
Amaury y e crye 5 that y* emperour had made before / 
for after Huon sufferyd so moche payne & trauayell 6 / 32 

1 Fol. xi. back, col. 2. 'to acknowledg. 

* kill. 4 horrible. 4 Proclamation. 

6 iniurie as might mooue the verie hardest heart to com- 
passionate his case, and as you shall more large vnderetand in 
the following discourse. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xvii.] op huon's victory and charles' anger. 45 

l that theyr is no clerke can wry ten it nor bryng it in 
to memorey / and so Huon slewe the erle Amaury. 1 

% How 2 that 8 after the emperour Charlemayn 
4 had seen the erle Amaury 4 slayn, he com- 
mandyd expresly that Huon shoulde avoyde 
the realme and empyre and to be banny. hyd 
for euer. Capitulo .x\ ii. 

Hen that duke Naymes who kept the 
felde / sawe how by Huon the erle was 
slayne he was ryght ioyfull / and came 
to Huon and demauwdyd how he dyde / 
*syr,' quod he, 'thankyd be god I 
fele no dolour nor grefe ' / then they brought hym to Huon is brought 
the palayes to the kyng, whoo was departed out of M ° n Kiag ' 
the felde, when he saw y e erle slayne and was therof 
16 ryght sorowfull / then he demaundyd of Huon and of Charles asks if 

_ , A Amaury confessed 

the duke Nayraes yf they had herde y' 6 erle Amaury his sin, 
confesse the treason that he had layde to Huon for the 
deed 7 of Chariot his sone / 4 syr/ 8 quod y e Duke, 4 1 

20 thynke he dyd confesse it / but I herde it not / for 
Huon pressyd so sore on hym that he had no leyser to 
do it' / then Charlemayn sayde / 'a, erle Amaury, and when he 
I knowe certenly thou dydest neuer that treason, nor h^ , his fttn ° n * 

24 neuer thought it / wherfore thou art slayne wrongfully oonteMlon » 
and with out cause / for ther was neuer a trewer 
knyght than thou wert / for 9 I am sure yf thou 
haddest done it thou woldest haue confessyd it before 

28 me' / then the kyng sayd to 10 Huon, ' I charge the he bids Huon 
incontenent to avoyde my realme / out of the whiche I r«Sm! 
bannysche the for euer / nor thou shalt neuer enioy hb d ia^is! nd6C 
one fote of lounde in Bourdeux nor in Aquitanie / and 

! — 1 omitted in Lord Bernera. * after. 9 the. 4 was. 
* Fol xii. col. 1. • omitted. 1 death. • My Lord. 
• and. 10 ynto. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xvii. 

also I defende 1 the that thou neuer be so hardy to go 
to Bourdeux / for by my 2 lorde saynt Denis, 2 yf I 
knowe that thou goest thether I shall make the to dye 
an yll deth / nor ther is no man lyuynge, though he be 4 
neuer so nere 8 frend to 4 me, 8 yf he make any request 
for the I shall neuer loue hym / nor he shall neuer 

ChsrifaTavt C ° me *° 6 ' I *^ en ** UOn ^yd, 7 ' 8yr, 

mercy upon him, how is it ? 7 8 haue I not done my deuore / sene before 8 
you & all your barons I haue dyscomfytyd in playn 
batayll he that hath brought you in to all this trouble ? / 
9 syr, sertenly yf ye do to me as ye say, I shall 
complayne me to god / for neuer more wronge was 12 
done to any noble man / yll ye remembre y* good 
smiyce 8 that the noble duke Seuyn my father hath 

^ ^«nonnc« hit done to 10 you / so that by 11 this ye shewe grete 

ensawple to all your noble barones and knyghtes for 16 
them to be well aduysyd how fro hense forthe they 
shuld order the?n self, & how to truste in you, when 
that by your owne aloneley 12 opinion, foundyd vpon all 
yll 13 grounde / & agaynst all statutes royal & emperall, 20 
wold execute your owne vnresonable wyll / sertenly yf 
it wher another 14 prynce besyde you that wolde do me 
thw grete wronge, or I wolde consent so to be delt with 
all / many a castell and many a good towne shuld be 24 
distroied & brought to ruyn, & many pour men 
dystroyed 15 and dysherytyd, & many a knyght brought 
to dethe.' 

1 forbid. *— 2 honour k crowne. 3 a. 
4 yd to. 6 but. 6 to omitted. 

7 — 7 Alas, my Lord, what justice is this? 

8 - 3 haue I done any more then knighthood bound me 
too? haue not you and your Barons seene him discomfited in 
playne Battaile that hath brought you unto all this trouble ? 
vndoubtedly, my Lord, if you doe to me as you say, God in 
heauen be my witnes that neuer more wrong was done to any 
noble man. This is but bad remembrance of the good 
seruice. • Fol. xii. col. 2. 10 vnto. 11 for. 

u obstinate. 13 euill. 14 any other. 
16 more impouerished. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xvii.] op charles' treatment op huon. 


f when Huon had thus spoken to y* kyng / duke Duke Naymes 
Naymes stept forthe and sayd to the kynge / 'syr, 1 Huon. 
what thynke 2 you to do ? / ye haue seen that Huon had 
4 done his deuore 3 / 4 when he hath brought his enemy 
to vttranse, and slayne hym 4 / ye may well thynke 
that it was the worke of god when suche a chylde 
shuld brynge to vttrance 6 & dysco/ifyt suche a pusant 
8 knyght as was y e erle Amaury. Syr, 6 yf ye do as ye 
haue sayde / 7 1 nor neuer any 7 other man shall 8 
truste you / 9 & euery man shall say fare & nere that 
herof thys extorsyon, 9 that in the ende of your dayes 

12 ye are become chyldysche, 10 & more lyke a sot 11 then a 
wyse man/ 12 then Huon desyryd all y* barons that 
were ther present that they wold all requyre y* kyng to 
haue mercy 13 of hym, seen they were all bounde so to 

16 do in that he was one of the peeres of the realme / 

then all the prynces and barons, holdynge Huon by Thebarom 
y e hande, knelyd down before y e kynge / than Huon in hu behalf, 
sayd / 14 ' syr, sene your grace to hate me so sore as ye 

20 speke of / I requyre you at y* 15 request her of all your Huon begs 
barons / that ye wyl graunt me that I may abyde hiin^iw«ior nU 
in myne owne countree for euer, and neuer to com feurdeaux. 
in your syght, and in this I requyre your grace of 

24 mercy.' 14 

1 My Lord. 2 meane. 3 no more then his dutie. 
*-* hauing brought his enemy to confusion, and elayn him. 
6 shame. 6 Therefore, my Lord. 
7 — 1 neither I nor any. 8 euer. 
• but euery one farre & neere that shall heare of this 
cruel tie, will report 

10 sencelesse. 11 Tyrant. 
12 Prince. 13 more respect 

14 — 14 Seeing it is so, my Lord, that your displeasure is such 
againste me as you haue expressed, Let your Barons and my 
gelfe obtaine but this fauour at your handes, that I may be 
confined to my owne natiue Countrey for euer, there to lead a 
poore & priuate life, neuer to be admitted to your presence 
againe, & for this grace we shall all right humbly thanke you. 
15 Foi. xii. back, col. 1. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. xviii. 

% How kynge Charlemayne sent Huon to 
do a message in babylon to the admyrall 
gaudyse. Capitulo .xviii. 

CharlM ii 

Duke Naymet 
protests against 
his unjust 

Hen the emperour hade herd Huon 4 
speke, he sayde incontynent, 'auoyd 
out of my syght / for when I remewibre 
my 8one Chariot whome thou haste 
alayne, I haue no member 1 on me but 8 
that 2 trymbeleth for the dysplesour that I haue to the / 
& I charge all my barons here present that they neuer 
speke to me more for the '/ when duke Naymes herde • 
y e kynge say so, he sayde to all the barons / ' syrs, 3 ye 12 
that be here present & haue well herde the grete 
vnresonablenes that the kynge do 4 too one of oure 
peres / the whyche, as ye knowe well, it is agaynst 
ryght and reason / and a thynge not to be sufferyd. 16 
But that by cause we kuowe serteyuly the kynge is 
our souerayn lord, we muste suffer his plesour. But 
fro hense forthe / sens he wyl vse hym selfe and to do 
thynges agaynst reason and honour, I wyll neuer abyde 20 
an oure lenger with hym / but I 6 wyll departe and 
neuer retourue agayne in to y* place wher as suche 
extorsyon 6 and vnresonableness is vsed / I wyll go 
in to my countre of Bauier / and lette the kynge do fro 24 
He and the barons hense forth as he lyst.' Than all the barons departyd 

leave his presence 

in anger. with the duke fro the kynge without spekynge any 7 

worde, & so lefte the kynge alone in hys palayes / 
when the kynge sawe the 8 duke depart and hys other 28 
lordys / he was ryght sorowful and in greate dis- 
pleasure / and sayd to the yonge knyghtes that were 
left about hym / how that he ought 9 greately to be 
anoyed for 9 y e deth of hys sone, who was slayne so 32 

1 parte. 2 it 8 My Lords. 4 offers. 6 I omitted, 
• extremitie. 7 (one). 8 Fol. xii. back, ool. 2. 
8-9 in nature to take heauylie. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xviii.] how huon is sent to babtlon. 


peteously, 1 / and also 2 to se how hys barons had 
ahandonyd hym and left hym alone / 8 than he sayde 
openly / ' I se well I am 8 forsyd sum what to folow chariea declares 

r J 1 J himself forced 

4 theyr wylles ' / and ther with he wept peteously / and to relent, 
incontynent marchyd 4 forth and folowed them, & 
sayd, ' duke Naymes and all ye my barons, I requyre 
you* retourne agayne, for of force I most graunt your and recalls the 


8 desyres 6 / though it be agaynst that promys that I 
made before '/ then the duke and all other 7 retournyd 
to the palayes with the kynge / who sat downe on a 
benche of gold, & hys barons abowt hym. Than he 

12 sent for Huon, who knelyd downe before the kynge, He bide Huon 
requyryng hym humbly of mercy and petye ; than 8 the * pp^0 • chhim, 
kynge sayde / 'Huon, sen thou woldest be agreed 9 
with me, 10 Then it must behoue the to do that I 

16 commaunde and orden.' 10 11 'Syr/ quod Huon, 'to obey 
you there is no thynge in this mortall worlde than any 
humayn body may do, But that I shall vndertake to 
do it / not lettynge for fere of any deth, though it be 

20 to go to the dry tre / ye, or to hell gattes to fyght witt 
the fendes there, as sum tyme dyd Hercules, 11 yf I may 
therby be agreed with 12 your grace.' ' Huon,' quod 
the kynge, ' I thynke to sende the in to a worse place, and order* him 

- _ to depart on a 

24 for of .xv. messengers that I haue sent, ther was neuer perilous mission 
none retournyd agayne / I shal shew thee whether thou *° BabyIon * 
shalt go / sen 13 thou wylt that I shall haue mercy of 

1 disloyally. 2 and could not likewise but greeue. 
8 — 3 therefore there is no remedy, but I must be. 
4 went. 6 (to). fl requests. 
T the rest 8 to whom. 9 at peace. 
*°— 10 it is requisite that thou performe whatsoever I 
enioyne thee. 

ii— ii Else, my Lord (said Huon), god forbid, there is no 
man in the world owes you more obedience than I doe, or shall 
more gladly vndertake whatsoeuer your highnesse shall please 
to command me, dreadlesse of death or any danger, be it goe 
to Hell gates, to fight with the fiendes there, as sometime did 

u reconciled to. 13 seeing. 


Digitized by 




a. xvui. 

He is to 
enter the palace 
of Admiral 

kill the chief 
lord present, 

and thrice kiss 
the Admiral'! 

Huon Is to 
bring home 
for Charles 
hawks, bean, 
and maidens, 
together with 
a handful of 
hair from the 
Admiral's beard, 
and four of bis 

thee, thou must go to the cyte of Babylone / to the 
admyrall Gaudys / and shew hym 1 / as I shal declare 8 
to thee I and 8 be ware on payne of thy lyfe that thou 
fayle not to do it / whan thou cummyst there, mount 4 
vp in to hys palays / and there tary tyll he be at hys 
dyner, 4 and whan thou seest hym sytte at the table, 
thaw thou to be armyde with thy sworde nakyd in thy 
hande / and loke the 6 gretest lord that thou seest 8 
sytte at his table, whether he be kynge or admyrall / 
thou most stryke of hys hede / and after that 8 do 
so myche as to fyaunce and to kys thre tymes the 
fayre Esclarmonde,dowghter to the Admyrall Gaudysse, 6 12 
openly in his presence / and before all other there 
present / for I 7 wyll thou knowyst 7 she is the fayrest 
mayde that is now lyuynge / 8 and after that 8 thou 
shalte say to the admirall Gaudyse that I coramaunde 16 
hym to sende me a .M. hawks, a .M. berers, and a .M. 
wayters all cheynede, and a .M. yonge varlettea / and a 
•M. of the fayrest may dens in his real me. And also 
thou to brynge me thy handfull of the here of hys 20 
herde / and .iiii. of hys grettest teth.' 'A, Syr/ 9 
quod the barons, 'We se well ye desyre gretely hys 
deth whan ye charge hym wythe suche a message.' 
• That is trewe,' quod the kynge, ' for without I haue his 24 
berde & hys grete teth 10 without tromperey or couyn, 19 
Lette hym neuer retourne in to Fraunce, nor come in to 
my presence / for and 11 he do he shal be hangyd and 
drawyn.' ' Syr,' 12 quod Huon, ' haue ye shewyd me all 28 
your pleasure?' 'Ye/ quod the kynge, 'my wyll is 
as I haue sayde, yf thou wylt haue peace with me.' 

1 there doe. 8 appoint 8 but. 
* Fol. xiii. col. 1. 4 the verie. 

enquire for faire Escleremond, daughter to the Admirall, 
and kisse her there. 

T_ T giue the to vnderstand. 8-8 this being done. 

9 Alas, my Lord. l °— 10 brought me bether unfaynedly. 

" if. " My Lord. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xix.] of the king's chargf and huon's departure. 51 

'Syr/ 1 quod Huon, 'by y* grace of god I shall Huon accepts the 
fournyshe your message / the fere of dethe shall not and preparet to 
lette me to do it.' ' Huon/ quod the kynge, 1 yf god ° ut * 
4 of his grace wyll suffer the to retourne agayne in to 
Fraunce, I charge the be not so hardy to come to 
Bourdeux nor to no 2 parte of thy cou/itre tyll thou 
hast spoken with me / yf I fynde the doynge contrare / 
8 I shall cause the to dye an yll dethe. And vpon this I 
wyll thou layest vnto me good hostages.' ' Syr/ 8 quod 
Huon, 'here be x. knyghtes whom I shall leue with 
you for suerte, to the entent that ye shalbe con 4 tent with 

12 me / howbeit, syr, 6 I requyre your grace to suffer the 
knyghtes that came with me fro Burdeux to go with 
me to the holy sepulcre.' ' I am content/ quod y* chariet permiu 
kynge, 'that they go with y e to the red see/ 6 'Syr/ 7 Bordeaux 

16 quod Huon, ' I thanke your grace/ Than Huon made togowith him - 
hym redy to fournyshe his vyage. 

% Howe Huon of Burdeux toke leue of the 
kynge & of the barons, and rode withe the 
20 good abbote to Cluny. Capitulo .xix. 

Fter that 8 Charlemayne hade gyuen 
Huon y e charge of hys message, the 
kynge called be fore hym Gerardyne, Gemrd u 
24 y^\BJ!£§j| brother to Huon, & delyuered to hym the^rTof r,th 
the gouernance of all his brothers hu < abli < ! * 
londea in his absence tyll his retourne. 
And thus whan Huon was redy he came to y* kyng 
28 and to the barons / to take his leue, and the Abbot of The Abbot of 

„ _ _ , , , A _ , „ . . . Clany, with other 

Cluny 9 sayde he wolde go with hym parte of Jus way / ladiea and 
& 10 .xii of the gretest pryn 1 ^ and ladyes conuayed, ^"i^pkijSJ 

way on hta road. 

1 My 8oueraigne Lord. * any. 8 My Lord. 
* Fol. xiii. col. 2. 6 my Lord. 8 thether or else where. 
7 My Lord. 8 king. 9 who. 
10 bo likewise did. 11 Fol. xiii. back, col. 1. 

E 2 

Digitized by 




[Ca. xix. 

At Troyes 
all but the Abbot 
bid him farewell, 
and return. 

At Cluny the 
Abbot leaves him. 

Gerard weeks 

to obtnin from 
Charles the rank 
of peer of 

Duke Nsymee 
begi the Emperor 
to refuse the 

Gerard goes to 
and te'.ls hi* 
mother what hat 

a 1 .ii. 2 dayes iournay; and whan they came to the 
towne of Troye in Champayne / duke Naymes toke 
leue of his cosyn Huon, and gaue hyin a sominer 
charged with gold, and kyssed hym at theyr departyuge / i 
then gerard his brother toke his leue, & also kyssed 
hym / but knowe for trought the kysse that he gaue 
hym was lyke to the kysse that Judas gaue to 3 our 
lorde god 3 / the whiche was derely bought, as ye shall 8 
here after / thus duke Naymes and gerard departyd 
and toke theyr way to Parys / & 4 the abbot and Huon 
restyd not tyll thy came to the abbey of cluney, wher 
as they were receyuyd with grete ioye and well feestyd / 12 
than the nexte mornynge / Huon departyd, and toke 
leue of his vncle sore wepynge, desyrynge hym 6 that 
he might be reco?wmendyd 5 to his mother the duches, 
and to gerard his brother, the abbot promysyd so to 16 
do, and gaue Huon his nephew a mulet chargyd with 
money coraunt in fraunce / thus he departyd and toke 
the way to rome. Now leue we to speke of Huon, and 
shewe of duke Naymes and Gerard, who retornyd 20 
to Parys. than 6 gerard requyryd the kynge that it 
wolde playse hym to res lyue his homage for the lond<?$ 
of bourdeux, to the entent that he myght be auancyd, 
and to be in y e state of one of y e peeres of fraunce / 24 
the whiche thynge duke Naymes wolde not consent 
vnto nor agre to it / but sayd to the kynge, ' syr, 7 ye 
ought not to suffer that Huon shuld be dysherytyd ' / 
wher of gerarde was not content / but duke Naymes 28 
set lytell therby / for he beleuyd Huon inteerly / 
so this homage was delayed / than gerarde retournyd 
to bourdeux / where as he was well receyuyd. 8 \vhau 
the Duches sawe hym and not Huon to retourne, she 32 
was sorowfull in her harte / than she de maundy d of 

1 accompany him for. 2 Fol. xiii. back, col. 2. 
3-3 his Mainter. 4 but. 6—6 to recommend. 6 where. 
7 Mv Lord. • but. 

Digitized by 




Gerard why that Huon his brother was 1 not retournyd 
with hym / than Gerarde shewyd her all the hole 
mater and aduenture / and of the departynge of Huon, 
4 and of the maner of hys vyage / wherof the Duches 
had suche sorow / that she fell syke, and so lay .xxix. 
dayes, and on the .xxx. day she dyed, and renderyd vp 
her soule to god, wherof all the countre was sorowfull. 
8 Gerard nobly buryed her in the Churche of saynt 
Seueryne by the duke her husbonde / Anon 2 after 
maryed hym to the doughter of duke Gylberde of 
Cecyll / who was the gretest traytour and moost 

12 ere well that myght be harde of / Anon 2 & Gerard his 
sone in lawe lernyd his wayes and folowyd his 
condycyon / for he delte so yll with the towne of 
bourdeux & with the countre about, that pyte it was to 

16 here the poore people / and wepte 3 for the losse of 
duke Seuyn and of the Duches / and prayed to god 
for y* good retoume of there lorde Huon / Now we 
shall leue to speke of them, and speke of 4 Huon. 

20 How Huon of bourdeux came to Rome, & 
was confessyd of the pope, who was his 
vncle ; & of his departynge, & how he 
came to brandys, wher he fou^de his vncle 
24 Garyn of saint Oraers, who fore loue of 
Huon passyd the see with hym. 

Capitulo .xx. 
Ere before ye 5 herde how Huon 
28 II A~/iVfiA /Mil departyd fro his vncle, the abbot 
of Cluney / so longe he rode with 

The dncheM fall* 
sick on learning 
Huon's fate, 
and thirty days 
later dies. 

Gerard weds the 
daughter of the 
traitorous Duke 
Gylberde of 

32 II 


his knyghtes that he came to the Huon reaches 

JS Rome. 

Cyte of Home / and there he was 
logyd in a good hostrey / than Huon 

1 Fol. xiiii. col. 1. 2 Anion in orig. 3 To weep. 
4 returne vnto. 6 howe. 

Digitized by 




Huon salutes 
the Pope, 
who was hie 
mother's brother. 


to him. 


The Pope 
entertains Huon, 

rose in the mornynge, accompanyd with Guychard, whom 
he well louyd, and with the other knyghtes that 1 carae 
thether with hym, and went to the churche of saynt 
Peter and herde masse, 2 & whaw y e mas 3 was done the 4 
pope cam out of his oretorey / than Huon cam to hym 
and humbly salutyd hym / the pope behelde him, and 
demaundyd what he was / ' syr,' quod he, ' my father 
was Duke Seuyn of bourdeux, who is dece8syd. , than 8 
the pope stept to hym & embrasyd hym, and sayd, 
* fayr nephew, ye are welcome / I praye you shewe me 
how dothe my syster the Duches, your mother, and 
what aduenture hath brought you nether* / 'syr,' 12 
quod he, 4 1 reqnyre your holynes that ye wyll here my 
cottfessyon a parte / for I haue grete nede therof.' 
' fayr nephew/ quod the pope, ' it pleasyth me ryght 
well to here you.' than the pope toke hym by the 16 
hande and went with hym in to his oretory, and ther 
Huon shewyd hym all the aduenture that he had syns 
he cam fro bourdeux, and of the vyage that Charlemayne 
had set hym to do and to saye to the admirall Gaudyse / 20 
4 whan he had all shewyd 4 / he requiryd ipardon and 
penaunce for his synnes / the pope sayd he wolde 
gyue 6 hym none other 6 penaunce but 7 that kyng 8 
Charles had gyuyn hym 9 / the which was so grete 24 
that none humayn body coude suffer it, nor durst 
thynke 10 to do it / than the pope gaue hym absolucyon 
of all his synnes / 11 than the pope 11 lede hym in to his 
palayes, where he was honorable receyued with grete 28 
ioy / after they had dynyd and deuysyd too gether a 
grete space, the pope sayde to Huon / ' fayr nephew, 
the way that ye muste go is to go to the porte of 
brandys, there shall ye fynde my brother Garyn of 32 

1 Fol. xiiii. col. 2. * aeruice. * seruice. 
4 — 4 all which being declared and done. * assigne. 
8 no. 7 for. 8 the Emperour. 8 done that alreadie. 
10 vndertake. li— u and louingly. 

Digitized by 



saynt Omers, who is your vncle / to whome I shall and g\r- him 
wryte a letter to the entent that he shall haue knowlege introduction to 
of you, for I knowe well he shall haue grete ioy of ^rjTof saint 
4 you / he hathe the kepynge of the Oryentall see / he 0mer ' 
shall adresse you, and delyuer you shype or galee suche 
as shall be nesses 1 sary for you* / 2 'holy father/ quod 
Huon, 3 ' of this I thanke you ' / 4 well/ quod the pope, 
8 'this nyght ye shall abyde here with me.' 'syr,' quod 
he, 4 1 requyre you let me departe / for gretely I desyre 
to se myn vncle Garyn ' / whan the pope sawe that he 
wolde nedys departe, he delyueryd hym his letter, and 

12 sayd, 'fayr nephew, salute fro me my brother Garyn 
your vncle 1 / 4 syr/ quod he, * I shall do your com- 
maundement ' / than the pope gaue to Huon grete and 
ryche presentes, and to all them that were with hym / 

16 than he kyssyd his nephew at his departyng / Huon 
toke leue of hym all wepyoge / and so departyd, and 
enteryd in to the Kyuer of Tybre in a ryche shype, the Huon puw 
whiche the pope had well garnysshyd for hym. 

20 H Thus he had good wynde / so that anon they 
aryuyd at brandys / but whyles he was on the water he 
wepte sore, and pyteously compleynyd in that he was 
so departyd out of his countre / than his men comfortyd Hit knights 

24 hym, and shewed hym many fayre ensamples to confort h^a^^on.* 0 
hym / * syr/ quod Guychard, * leue your sorow / for 
makyng of sorow 4 can not auayle you / ye must put 
all to the mercy of our lorde god, who neuer forgettyh 

28 them that louyth hym / shew your selfe a man and no 
chylde / to the entent that we that be with you may be 
reioysyd / for the sorowe that we se you in dothe sore 
trouble vs ' / 4 syr/ quod Huon / * syn it is so I shall 

32 folowe your wyll* / thus they aryuyd at the porte of Ther arrive at 

. _ , . the port of 

Brandys. Tlian they issuyd out of ther shyppe / Brandys. 
and toke out ther horses, & theyre thy sawe Garyn 

1 Fol. xiiii. back, col. 1. 2 Most. 8 Huun in orig. 
4 greefe and sadness. 



[Ca. xx. 

They meet syttynge before the porte in a loge, well and rychely 


hangyd in a ryche 1 chayre / whan Huon sawe hym 
syttynge he salutyd hym / thynkynge that he was 
lorde of that countre / than Garyn behelde Huon and 4 
began to wepe, and sayd / ' syr, it pertey 2 nyth not to 
me that ye sholde do me so greate honcur as ye do / 
for by that I se in you I am constreynyd to wepe / 
Huon'i fa* bycause ye resemble so myche to a prynce of the realme 8 

recalls to Garyn Z - 

memories of of Frau/ice called duke Seuyn, who was lord of the 
father. cyte of Burdeux / the grete loue that 8 1 haue hade to 8 

hym causyd me to wepe / I requyre you tell me where 
ye were borne, and who be your parentes and frendes / 12 
for duke Seuyn hade 4 weddyd my syster, y e duches 
Aclis.' ' Syr,' quod Huon / * sen ye wyll knowe what 
I am, I may well sheu it to you, for the duke was my 
father / and y e duches Aclis was 5 my mother / we be 6 16 
two bretherne. I am the eldest, and the younger ys 
styll at Burdeux to kepe the 7 londe* / whan Guaryn 
vndcrstode that Huon was sone to duke Seuyn of 
Garyn !• greatly Burdeux / the ioy that he had 8 can not be estemyd 8 / 20 

pleased at Huon's ' * , , 

arrirai, than he embrassyd Huon all wepynge, & sayde, ' ryght 

dere neuew, your commyge is to me the greatest ioy 
in thys worlde.' he knelyd downe and wolde haue 
kyssyd Huons fete, But Huon releuyd hym incon- 24 
tynent. The ioy that was betwene them two was so 
greate that all that sawe it hade meruayll therofc 

and asks the Than Guaryn demaundyd of Huon and sayde, ' fayre 

reason of his 

journey, neuew, what aduenture hath brought you in to these 28 

which Huon tells partes? 1 Than Huon / shewyd hym fro poynt to poynt 
all his besynes / & the cause why he was enteryde in 
to that enterpryse. whan Guaryn had harde all he 
begane to wepe / and yet, to comfort hys neuew, he 32 
sayd / * fayre neuew, where as lyeth grete parelles / 

1 goodly. * Fol. xiiii. back, col. 2. 3 euer I bare vnto. 
4 hade omitted, 6 is. 8 are. 7 our. 
8 could not be expressed. 

Digitized by 




there lieth grete honour, god ayde you to eschew & to 
fornyshe thys greate hesynea / all is possyble to god 
and to man by meanes of hys grace. A man ought 
4 neuer to be abasshyd / for worldely maters.' Than 
Huon delyueryd his letters to hys vncle Guaryn / who Huon presents the 
gladely reseyuyd them / and red the contynew therof 
at length. Than he sayde, 'fay re neuew / there *nede 
8 none other recommendasion but y e syght of your 
prese/zce / for it apery th wel by your chere 2 that ye be 
the same person that oure holy father maketh mensyon 
of / suerly your commynge semyth to me fayre and 

12 good / & ye be aryuyd at a good port / for I promyse 
you faythfully I loue well my wyfe and my chyldrene. 
But the grete loue that I haue to you for the loue of 
your father duke Seuyn and the duches your mother, 

16 who was rayne owne dere syster / I abandon all that I Garyn promises 

* , i , . i hewUlgivesil 

haue to serue you and kepe you company, both with sid to Huon. 
my body and all that I haue. know for trouht I 
haue thre good galees & thre grete sliyppes well 

20 furnyshyd of euery thyng for the warre, y* whiche I 
shall lede with you / for as longe as lyfe abydeth in my 
body I shall not abandon you, But I shall ayde you 
in all your enterpryses.' 'Fayre vncle/ quod Huon, 

24 4 of the grete courtesy e that ye offer mo 1 8 thanke 

you 9 I than Guaryn toke Huon by the hand and lede He leads Huon 

home to his 

hym in to his castell / where as he was rychely c**tie, 
reseyuyd / Gauryns wyfe and .iiii. of hyr sonnes / 

28 came to Huon, and he full courteously kyssyd the lady 
and hyr .iiii chyldrene, hys cosyns. greate ioy was 
made there in the hall, and the tabyles sette to suppar. 
than Gauryn called the lady his wyfe and sayde / 

32 ' dame, 4 thys yonge man 5 that ye se here is my neuew, and introduce* 

' J J 6 J him to hi. wife. 

and cosyn to your chyldren, who is come hether for 
refuge to haue counsell and ayde of me in a vyage & 

1 Fol. xv. col. 1. * countenance. 8 can but. 
4 Madame. 6 knight 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxi. 

Garyn resolves 
to accompany 

and has a ship 
made ready. 

They embark, 

enterpryse that he hathe to do / and by the grace 
of god I shall go with hym to ayde and to condute 
hym, wherfore I pray and commaund that ye take in 
rule all my affayres and kepe your chyldren.' * Syr, 1 4 
quod she, ' sen it is your pleasure thus to do, & that 
ye wyll go with hym / your 1 pleasure shalbe now, 1 
howbeit I had rather ye abode then went.' this she 
spake sore wepynge / the next day in the mornynge 8 
Guaryn, who hade grete wyll to serue and to please hys 
neuew / he ordened a grete shyppe to be made redy, 
wel furnyshyd with bysket / wynes and flesshe, and all 
other maner of vytaylles / and with monysyons of 12 
warre as it apertaynyd, and put therin theyr horses 
and armure / golde and syluer / and other ryches 
necessary for them / then they toke leue of the lady, 
and so left hyr sore wepynge / thus Garyn & Huon 16 
enteryd in to theyr shype, and all theyr company / 
they were .xiiL knyghtes and .ii. varlette* / to serue 
thorn I they wolde haue no greter nombre. 

and set sail. 

Th«»v land afc 

2 % How Huon of Burdeux departyd fro 20 
Brandys, and garyn hys vncle with hym, 
and how he cam to Jerusalem, and fro 
thase in to the desertes, where as he found 
Geraraes, and of theyr deuyses. 3 24 

Capitulo .xxi. 
Han Huon & Garyn were enteryd in 
to theyr shyppe, they lyft vp theyr 
sailes & sayled nyght and day, so that 28 
they aryuyd sauely at the port of 
Jaffe ; than they tooke lond 4 and drew 
out theyr horses, and rode forth; so the same day 
they came to Kames / & the nexte day to y e Cyte 

i- 1 will let be fulfilled. 
8 conference. 

8 Fol. xv. col. 2. 
4 lauding. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xxL] op huon's arrival in the holt land. 59 
of Ieruaalem / that nygbt they restyd / and the Theytrsveito 


nexte day they dyd theyr pylgrymage to the holy 
eepulcure / and there deuotly hard masse 1 and ofFeryd 
4 accordynge to theyr deuosyon / whan Huon came 
before the holy sepulcure he knelyde downe on hys and worships! 
hare knees, & all wepynge made hys prayers to our sepulchre, 
lorde god, requyrynge hym to ayde and comfort hym in 
8 hys vyage / so that he might retourne agayne in to 
fraunce, and to haue peace with kynge Charleraayne. 
And when they al had made there prayers and offeryd / 
Haon and Garyn went into a lytyll chapell vpon the 

12 mount of Caluery, where as now lyeth Godfrey of 
Boillon / and Baudwyn hys brother. Than Huon 
called to hym al those that came with hym out of 
Fraunce, and sayd, 1 syrs, ye that for the loue of me 

16 haue left fathers & mothers, wyues / and chyldren / 

and londes / & syngnoryes, of 2 thys courtosy that ye Huon thanks his 

companions for 

haue shewyd me I thawke you. Now ye may retourne their devotion to 
in to Fraunce, 3 and 4 recommaunde me to y* kynges ' 

20 good grace, and to all the other barons / and when Jj£ b,dl thtm 
ye come to Burdeux, recowmaunde me to the duches 
my mother, & to Gerarde my brother, and to the 
lordes of my countre.' Than Guicharde and all the 

24 other knyghtes answeryd Huon & sayde, 1 Sir, as yet 
we wyll nor leue you, nother for deth nor lyfe, tyll we 
haue biought you to the red see.' 'Syrs/ 6 quod They protest they 
Huon, 'of 6 the greate seruys & courtosy that ye ofrer tui they reach the 

Red See. 

28 me I thanke you ' / than Garyn called two of his 
seruantes, and commaundyd them to retourne to 7 his 
wyfe, and to desyre her to be of good chere, and that 
shortely he wolde retourne / the whiche thyng they 

32 dyd, and retournyd and dyd there message / whan 
Huon vnderetode that his vncle garyn was dyssposyd 
to abyde with him, he sayd / ' fayre vncle, ye shal not 

1 seruice. * for. 8 againe. 4 humbly. 
* why then. 8 for. 7 Fol. xv. back, col. 1. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxi. 

Nor will Qaryn 
depart from him. 

They pate 
through deserts, 
and suffer much. 

Hnon weeps and 
complains of the 

His companions 
bid him have 
faith in God's 

They ride on to a 
small cottage, 
where an old man 
is (baud to dwelL 

The old man 
weeps on seeing 


nede to trauayll bo mycho / I woM counsell you to 
retourne to your wyfe and chylderne.' ' Syr/ quod 
garyn, ' and god wyll, I shall not leue you no day 
tyll ye retourne your selfe ' / ' vncle/ quod Huon, 4 
' I thanke you of your courtesy.' Thus they went to 
theyr lodgynge and dyned / & after dyner tooke there 
horses / and so rode by hylles and dales / so that yf I 
sholde recounte all the aduentures that they founde in 8 
theyr way, it sholde be to longe a processe to show it./ 
but as the trew story 1 wytnessyth / they sufferyd 
myche payne and trauayl / for they passyd suche 
desertes / where as they founde but small sustenaunce / 12 
whereof Huon was ryght sorowfull for the loue of them 
that were with hym / and began to wepe & to 
remembre his owne countre, sayynge, 'Alas, noble 
kynge of Frau/ace, grete wronge and grete syne ye haue 16 
done, thus to dryue me out of my countre & to sende 
me in to 2 strange countres, 8 to thentent to short my 
dayes. I pray to god pardon you therof ' 4 / than garyn 
and the other knyghtes comfortyd hym & sayd, ' A, 20 
syr, dysmay you not for vs / god is puyssant ynough 
to ayde vs / he neuer fayllyth them tliat louyth hym ' / 
thus they rode forth in the deserte so longe tyll at last 
they sawe a lytyll cotage, before the whiche sat an olde 24 
aunsyent man with a longe whyte berde, and hys heyre 
hangynge ouer hys shulders / whan Huon parseyuyd 
hym he drew thedyr & salutyd y e olde man in y* 
name of god & of y* blyssyd wyrgyn saynt 5 mary / 28 
than the aunsyent man lyft vp his eyes & behelde 
Huon, & had grete meruayll, for of a greate 6 season 
before he had sene no man / that spake 7 of god / than 
he behelde Huon in the vysage / & began sore to wepe ; 32 
8 than he stept 8 to Huon & tooke hym by the legge & 

1 history. * a. 8 Land. 4 therefore. 
6 saynt omitted. 6 long. T Fol. xv. hack, col. 2. 

iirug. i vi. a*< 

and stepping vnto Huon. 

Digitized by 




kyssyd it mo then .xx. tymys / * frend/ quod Huon, 
'I requyre you shew me why ye make this sorow.' 
* Syr/ quod he, 'a 1 .xxx. yere passyd I cam hether / & He teiia Huon he 

has seen no 

4 sen that tyme I neuer saw man beleuynge on the christian man lot 

. 0 _ thirty years, 

crysten fayth / & by* the regardynge of your vysage and his face 
causyth me to remembre a noble prynce that I haue SSeSe^iT ° f 
sene in Fraunce, who was called duke Seuyn of 
8 Burdeux / therfore I requyre you shew me yf euer ye . 
saw hym, I pray you hyde it not fro me * / ' frende/ 
quod Huon / 'I pray you shew me where ye were 
borne, & of what lynage & countre ye be of.' 4 Nay, 

12 sir,' quod he, ' that wyll I not do fyrst ; ye shall shew 
me what ye be, and where ye were borne, & why 
ye come heder ' / ' frende/ quod Huon / ' sene it please 
you to knowe, I shall shewe you ' / then Huon & all 

16 his company alyghtyde & tyed theyr horses to trees. 

WHan Huon was alyghtyde, he sat downe by the 
olde man & sayd, 'frend, sen ye wyll know At the old man's 

request Huon 

my bysenes, I shall shew you. know for trouthe / teiis hu history. 

20 I was borne in the cyte of Burdeux, and am sowne 
to duke Seuyn ' / then Huon shewyd hym all his hole 
case & enterpryse, & of y e deth of Chariot, & how he 
dyscomfytyd erle Amaury, & how that Charlemayn 

24 had chasyd hym out of Fraunce / & of the message 
that he was chargyd to say to the admyrall Gaudyse / 
8 * this that I haue shewyd you is of trouthe.' 8 whaw y* 
old man had well harde Huon, he began sore to wepe. 

28 4 Syr/ quod Huon, ' sen it please you to know of 
my sorow / duke Seuyn my father is deed .vii. yere 
past / my mother I trust be a lyue, & a brother of 
myn whom I haue left with her. And now, sir, sen 4 

32 ye haue harde of myn affayres, I requyre you gyue 
me your couwsell & aduyse / & also, yf it please you, to 
shew me what ye be, & of what countre / & how ye 6 caine 

1 about. 2 now. '- s affirming all to be for certainty. 
4 seeing. * Fol. xvi. col. 1. 

Digitized by 

62 huon op burdeux. [Ca. xxi. 

The old man teiu in to these partyes.' ' Syr/ quod the old man / * know- 
in return how he 

wm bom at for trouthe I was borne in Geronnill / & brother to y e 


and was brother good prouost Guyer / whan I departyd thense I was a 
Quyerf r0V °* t yonge knyght / & hauntyd the iuste* & tornoys ; so that 4 
on a day it fortunyd at a tornay that was made at 
Poieters, I slew a knyght of a noble blode, wherfore I 
was banyshyd out of the realme of Fraunce. But my 
brother y a prouost made suche a request to duke Seuyn 8 
your father / that by his meanes my peace was made 
with the kynge / & my londe sauyd / on the 1 
and how he was condycyon that I shulde goo 2 a pylgrymage* to the 
iTobie^ight 1 ** holy sepulcure to 8 pray for y 6 soull 8 of y e knyght that 12 
to uwHdy *** I alew > & to forgyue my synnes 4 / thus I departyd out 
sepulchre; Q £ coun ^ re j an( j wnen \ had done my vyage I 

and how wheu thought to haue retournyd / but as I departyd out of 
forFranoe " g * ln y e cyte of Jerusalem / to take the way to Acre / 16 

passynge by a wood betwene Jerusalem and Naplese / 
he wo seized bj ther cam apon me a .x. sarasyns, who tooke me and 

the Saracens, 

who imprisoned brought me to the cyte of Babylon, where as I was in 
him at Babylon, p r y 80n ft y ere complete, where as I sufferyd myche 20 

pouerte & mysere / but our lorde god, who neuer 
faylyth them that seruyth hym & haue in hym 
full affyaunce, he sende me the grace that by the 
meanes of a ryght noble ladi I was brought out of 24 
•nd how he pryson in an nyghte, and so I flede in to this forest, 

escaped thence to 

this forest, where as I haue bene this .xxx. yere, and in all this 
since lived for space I neuer saw nor liarde man beleuynge on Jhesu 
thirty years. (jrjst / thus I haue shewyd you all myn affayre'/28 
when Huon had harde the knyghtys tale he had grete 
ioy / and embrassyd hym & sayde how often tymys 
he had sene Guyer, his brother the prouost, wepe for 
you 6 / 6 and whan I departyd fro Burdeux °I delyueryd 32 
to 7 hym all my londes to gouerne / wherfore I requyre 

1 upon. 2-8 omitted. 
*-» to punish my body. * faults. * him. 
6 quoth he added, 1 vnto. 

Digitized by 



you shew me your name.' ' Syr,' quod he, 1 1 am called 
Gerame8 / and now I pray you shew me your name.' His name is 
'Syr/ quod he, 'I J am nam yd Huon, & my yonger Gerame *' 
4 brother is called Gerarde. But, syr, I pray you shew 
me how ye haue so longe lyuyed here, and what 
sustenaunce ye haue.' 2 * Syr/ quod Gerames, ' I haue 
eten none other thynge but roote* & frutes that I haue 
8 founde in the wood ' / then Huon demaundyd of hym 
yf he coude speke the langage sarasyn. ' Ye, syr, 1 quod and he can speak 
he, ' as well or better then any sarasyn in the countre, the ©otStry? ° f 
nor there is no way but that I know it.' 
12 "TXT Han Huon had harde Gerames / than he 

▼ T demaundyd forther of hym yf he coude go 
to Babylon / ' ye, syr/ quod Gerames, ' I can go There are, he 
thether by .ii. wayes / the most surest way is hense to^Babyion. 
16 a .xL iurneys, 8 & the other is but .xv. iurneys. 8 But 
I counsell you to take the long way / for yf ye take 
the shorter way ye most passe throwout a wood a .xvi. 
leges of lenght ; but the way is so full of y* fayrey & Bnt the shorter is 

beset by Oberon 

20 straunge thynges, that suche as passe that way are lost, and his fairies, 
for in that wood abydyth a kynge of y e fayrey namyd 
Oberon / he is of heyght but of .iii. fote, and crokyd Oberonisadwarf, 
shulderyd, but yet he hathe an aungelyke vysage, so 

24 that there is no mortall man that seethe hym but that 
taketh grete pleasure to beholde his fase / and ye shall 
no soner be enteryd in to that wood, yf ye go that 
way / 4 he wyll fynde the maner 6 to speke with you / 

28 and yf ye speke to 6 hym ye are lost for euer / and ye and any one who 
shall euer fynde hym before you / so that it shalbe in is lost for ever, 
maner impossyble that ye can skape fro hym without 
spekynge to hym / for his wordes be so pleasant to 

32 here that there is no mortall man that can well skape 
without spekyng to 6 hym / and yf he se that ye wyll 
not speke a worde to 6 hym, Than he wyll be sore dys- 

1 Fol. xvi. col. 2. 
4 but 

» had. 
* meaoes. 

8 dayea Journey. 
8 vnto. 

64 huon of burdeux. [Ca. xxi. 

Yet if a man pleasyd with you, and or 1 ye can gete out of the wood 

is silent when f , 

addressed by him he wyll cause / reyne and wynde / hayle / and snowe / 

he will cause 

storms to arise, and wyll make 2 meruelous tempestes / with thonder and 
with magic, lyghtenynges / so that it shall seme to you that all the 4 
worlde sholde pereshe, & he shall 3 make to seme before 
you a grete rynnynge riuer, blacke and depe. But ye 
may passe it at your ease, and it shall not wete the fete 
of your horse / for all is but fantesey and enchaunt- 8 
mente* / that the dwarfe shall make / to thentent to 
tut he can work haue you with hym / and yf ye can kepe your selfe 
evil. without spekynge to hym / ye maye than well skape. 

Gerames begs But, syr, to eschew all perelles, I counsell you take the 12 

Huon to avoid J r > J 

Oberon, lenger way, for I thynke ye can not skape fro hym / 

and than be ye lost for euer.' Whan Huon had well 
bat Huon longs to harde Gerames he had grete meruayll, and he had grete 

see him, 

desyre in hym selfe to se that dwarfe kynge of the 16 
fayrey, and the straunge aduentures that were in that 
wood, than he sayde to Gerames, that for fere of any 
and determines to deth he wolde not leue to passe that way, sen 4 he 

take the shorter 

path. myght come to Babylon m .xv. dayes / for in takynge 20 

the lenger way he myght paraduenture 6 fynde mo ad- 
uentures / and sens he was aduertesyd / that with kepyng 
his tonge fro spekynge he myght abrege hys iorney, 
and 6 he sayde that surely he wolde that way what so 24 

Gerames reiuc- euer chaunce fell. 7 * Syr,' quod Gerames / ' ye shall do 

tantly assents to 

Huon's plan, and your 8 pleasure / for whiche so euer way* ye take, it shall 
guidance. not be without me / I shall brynge you to Baby lone to 

the admirall Gaudyse ; I knowe hym ryght well / and 28 
when ye be come thether ye shall se there a damesell, 
He has often seen as I haue harde say, the most f ayrest creature in all 
fair daughter. " Inde, and the grete 10 and most swetest and most courte- 

sest that euer was borne / & it is she that ye seke, 32 
for she is doughter to the admirall Gaudyse.' 

1 before. 2 Fol. xvi. back, col. 1. 8 will. * seeing. 
5 perchaunce. u and omitted. 7 befell s own. 
9 way soeuer. 10 onely. 

Digitized by 


% Howe Gerames went with Huon and his 
company, and so came in to the wood, wher 
as they fouad 1 kynge Oberon, who coun- 
iuryde them to speke to 2 hym. 

Capitulo .xxii. 
Han Huon had well hard Gerames howe Huon and 

a i Geramet »et out 

he was myndyd to go 8 with hym, he together, 
was ther of ryght ioyfull, and thankyd 
hym of hys courtesy and seruys / and 
gaue hym a goodely horse whereon he 
mountyd / and so rode forth to gether / so longe that they 
12 came in to the wood where as kynge Oberon hauntyd «»d reach the 

„ _ / ° ; wood that Oberon 

most Than Huon 4 was wery of trauyll, and what for haunu. 
famyn and for hete, the whiche he and his company had 
enduryd two dayes without brede or mete, so that he 
16 was so febyll that he coude ryde no forther / & then he Huon is tore 

' distressed by 

began petuosly to wepe, and complaynyd of the grete hunger and 
wronge that kynge Charlemayn hade done to 2 hym / 
and than Guaryn and Gerames comfortyd hym and had 
20 greate pety of hym, and they knewe well by the reason 
of his yought hunger opressyd hym 6 more then it dyde 
to them of gretter age / than they alyghtyd vnder a and while he 

and hi* oom- 

grete oke, to y e entent to serche for sum frute to ete / pany are alighting 
24 they 6 lette theyr horses go to pasture, whan they were ° r 

thus alyghtyd / the dwarfe of the fayre / kynge Oberon, 

came rydynge by, and had on a gowne so ryche that it 0beron nam by. 

were meruayll to recount the ryches and fayssyon ther- 
28 of / and it was so garnyshyd vrith precyou* stones that Hie dress shines 

with precious 

the clerenes of them shone lyke the sone. Also he had stones, 

a goodly bow in hys hande so ryche that it coude not »nd in his hand 

is a bow of great 

be estemyde, and hys arrous after the same sort / and value. 
32 they 7 had suche proparte r / that any beest in the 

1 Fol. xvi. back, col. 2. * vnto. 8 along. 
4 whe. 6 Fol. xvii. col. 1. * glad therof. 
7 were of such a nature or qualitie. 

Digitized by 


A horn, the gift 
of four fairies, 
hangs about bis 

One fairy had 
endowed it with 
the power of 
curing by its 
blast all manner 
of sickness; 

another with that 

of satisfying 
hunger and 
thirst : 



a. xxu. 

a third with that 
of lightening 
every heavy 

and a fourth with 
that of forcing 
whosoever heard 
it to come at the 
pleasure of him 
that blew it. 

At the sound of 
the horn Huon 
and his com- 
panions are filled 
with joy. 

Huon is no 
longer thirsty or 

worlde that lie wolde wyshe for / the arow sholde 1 
areste hym / Also he hade about hys necke a ryche 
home hangyng by two lases of golde / the home was 
so ryche and fay re / that there was neuer sene none 2 4 
suche ; it was made by .iiii. ladyes of the fayre in the 
yle of Chafalone / on of them gaue to the home suche 
a proparte / that who so euer hard the sownde therof, 
yf he were in the gretest syknes in the worlde / he 8 
sholde incontynent be hole and sownde ; the lady that 
gaue thys gyft to this home was namyd Gloriande / the 
secounde lady was namyd Translyne ; he 8 gaue to this 
home a nother properte, and that was, who so euer 12 
harde this home, yf he were in the gretest famyn of 
the worlde, he sholde be satisfied as well as though he 
had eien al that he wolde wysshe for, and in lyk wyse 
for drynk as well as though he had dronken his fylle 16 
of the best wyne in all the worlde. the thyrd lady, 
namyd Margate, gaue to this home yet a greter gyft / 
and that was, who so euer harde this home / though he 
were neuer so poore or febyll by syknes, he sholde haue 20 
suche ioy in his herte that he sholde synge and daunce / 
the forth lady, namyd Lempatrix, gaue to this home 
suche a gyft, that who so euer harde it, yf he were a 4 .C. 
iorneys 5 of, he sholde come at the pleasure of hym that 24 
blew it, farre or nere. Than kynge Oberon, who knew 
well and hade sen the .xiiii. cowpaygnyons, he set hys 
home to hys mouth and blewe so melodyous a blast / 
that the .xiiii. compaygnyons, beyng vnder the tre, had 28 
so parfayte a ioy at there hertes that they al rose vp 
and begane to synge and daunse. 4 A, good lorde/ quod 
Huon, ' what fortune is come to vs ? / me thynke we be 
in paradyse / ryght now I coude not susteyn my selfe 32 
for lake of mete & drynke, and now I fete my selfe 
nother hungry nor thrusty. fro whense may this come?'/ 

1 would. 2 any. 3 she. 4 Fol. xvii. ool. 2. 
6 day es journey 8. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xxiii.] of obbron's marvellous power, 67 

' Syr' quod Gerames / ' know for trough thys is done 
by the dwarfe of the fayry / whom ye shall sone se 
passe by you. But, syr, I require you in 1 iupardy in 2 Gerames warns 

4 lesynge of your lyfe that ye speke to hym no worde, wo^t^o't^n" 0 
without ye purpose to byde euer with hym.' * Syr/ 
quod Huon, ' haue no dought of me, sen I knowe the 
iupardy.' Therwith y* dwarfe began to crye alowde, 

8 and sayde, ' Ye .xiiii men tit at passyth by my wood, oberon calls to 
god kepe you all / and I desyre you speke with me, spLk^Mm? 
and I coniure you ther to by god almyghty, and by 
y e crysteudome that ye haue receyuyd, and by all that 
12 god hath made, answer me.' 

Howe kynge Oberon was ryght sorowfull 
and sore dyspleasyd in that Huon wold 
not speke / and of the grete fere that 
16 he put Huon and hys company in. 

Capitulo .xxiii. 

Han that Huon and hys company harde Huon and his 

oompany ride 

the dwarfe speke, they montyd on away, 
there horses & rode awaye as faste as 
they mygh without spekyng of any 
worde / and the dwarfe, seynge ho we 

that 8 they rode away & wolde not speke, he was 
24 sorowfull and angry / than he sette one of his fyngers 

on his home / out of y* whiche issuyd out 4 suche oberon in anger 

... raises a tempest 

wynde a 6 and tempest so horryble to here that it bare about them, 
downe trees, and therwith came suche a rayne & hayk 

28 that 6 semyd that heuen and the erthe hade fought 
together, and that y e worlde shulde haue ended / the 
beestys in the wodes brayed and cryed / and thou 
foules of the eyre fell doune deed for 7 feer that they 

32 were in / ther was no creature but he wolde haue bene 

1 on. * of. 8 Fol. xvii. back, col. 1. 
4 out omitted. 6 a winde. 6 it. 7 the. 

F 2 

Digitized by 

68 huon of burdkux. [Ca. xxiii. 

and causes a afrayed of that tempeest / than sodenly aperyd before 

perilous river to 

appear in the them a grete ryuer / that ran swyfter than the byrdes 
dyde flye / and the water was so blacke and so perre- 
\oti8y & made suche a noyse that it myght be herde .x. 4 

Huon ii itricken leges of / 4 Alas/ quod Huon, 4 I se well now we all 1 be 

with fear. ° ' 

all loste ; we shall here be oppressyd without god haue 
pyte of vs / I repent me that euer I enteryd in to 
this wode ; I had ben better a 9 traueylyd a hole here 8 8 
than to haue come nether* / 4 Syr/ quod Gerames, 
4 dysmay you not / for all this is done by the dwerfe of 
the Fayrey ' / 4 well/ quod Huon, 4 1 thynke it beste 
to alyght fro our horse, for I thynke we shall neuer 12 
skape fro hense, but that we shall be all oppressyd '/ 
than Garyn and the other companyons had grete 
meruayll, and wher in grete feer / 4 a, Gerames,' quod 
Huon, 4 ye shewyd me well that it was grete perell 16 
to passe this wode / I repent me 4 that I hadde not 

a fair eaitie rises beleuyd you ' / thaw they sawe on y e other syde of the 

■&eof the°?iver, te ryuer a fayre castell enuyronyd with .xiiii. grete 

toures, and on euery toure a clocher of fyne golde be 20 
semynge / the whiche they long regardyd / & by that 
tyme they had gone a lytyll by y e ryuer syde they 

butaoonvaniihee. loste y e syght of y e castell, it was clene vanysshyd 

a way / wher of Huon & his company were sore 24 

Gerames shows abasshyd / 4 Huon,' quod Gerames, 4 of all this that 

that all this is the _ ' //.„,.., _ _ _ 

work of the ye se dysmay you not / for all this is done 6 by the 
F^.land.whoii crokyd dwarfe of y e Fayrey, & all too begyle you / but 
Huon haJispokiln ne can no ^ greue you so ye speke no worde / how be it, 28 
him. 0 ** Wlth or6 we departe fro hym he wyll make vs all abasshyd, 
for anone he wyll come after vs lyke a madd man by 
cause ye will not speke to 7 hym ; but, syr, I requyre 
you as in goddys name / be nothynge afreyde, but 32 
ryde forth surely, & euer be ware that ye speke to 7 
hym no worde ' / 4 syr/ quod Huon, 4 haue no dought 

1 all omitted. a to haue. 8 yeere. 4 now. 
6 Fol. xvii. back, col. 2. 6 ere. 7 vnto. 

Digitized by 



therof / for I had rather he were bresten 1 than I 
shulde 8peke one worde to hym ' / than they rode to 
pass y* ryuer, and than they founde there no thynge to 
4 let them, & so rode a 2 .v. legges / 4 syr/ quod Huon, Huon vainly 

Imagines lie I 

' we may well tnanke god that we be thus skapyd thes now escaped 
dwarfe, who thought to haue dysceyuyd vs / I was obe^on " toll, 
neuer in such feer durynge my lyfe, god confourcde 
8 hym ' / thus they rode deuysynge of y e lytyll dwarfe 
who had done them so myche trouble. 

% How kynge Oberon, dwarfe of the Fayrey, 
pursuyd soo moche Huon that he con- 
12 straynyd hym to speke to hym at laste. 

Capitulo .xxiiii. 

» Han Gerames vnderstode y e companye 
how they thought they were 3 skapyd 
fro the dwarfe, he began too smyle, & 

sayd / 'syrs, make none a vance 4 that Gerames warns 

him not to too 

ye be out of his 6 dauwger / for I certain that m* 
belyue ye shall soone se hym agayne* / & as sone overlie™ 
20 as Gerame had spoke the same wordys / they sawe 
before them a bryge, y e which they must passe, & 
they sawe y* dwarfe on y* other parte. Huon sawe and straightway 

, . „ o 1 11 Oberon in seen on 

him fyrst, & sayd, 'I se y e deuyll who hath done vs a bridge before 
24 so myche trouble ' / Oberon herde hym, and sayde, 
' frende, thou doest me iniurey 6 without cause, for I 
was neuer deuyll nor yll creature / I am 7 a man 7 as 
other be / but I coniure the by the deuyne puisance to conjuring Huon 

' * to speak with 

28 speke to 8 me.' thaw Gerames sayd, ' syrs, for goddes sake him. 


let hym alone / nor speke no word to hym / for by hys dissuades him 
fayr langage he may dyssayue vs all / as he hath done 
many other ; it is pyte that he hath leuyd so longe. 1 

1 destroyed. 1 about 8 whree in orig. 
4 braging. 6 this. 6 Fol. xviii. col. 1. 
7-7 omitted, 8 vnto. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxiv. 

Oberon blows hii 
hom, and Huon 
and liis company 
can ride no 
further, but stop 
and sing. 

Another blast of 
the fairy's horn 
summons four 
hundred armed 

Oberon bids the 
warriors slay the 

Gloriande begs 
the dwarf to give 
them some 

Huon and his 
company ride on 

than they rode forthe a good pase, and left the dwerfe 
alone sore dyspleysyd / in that they wolde not speke to 
hym / than he toke his home, and sette it to his 
mouthe and blewe it / whan Huon and his companye 4 
herde it they hadde no power to ryde any ferther / but 
they began all to synge / than Oberon the dwarf e 
sayde, 4 yonder company are fooles, and proude / that 
for any salutacyon that I can gyue them they dysdayne 8 
to answere me / but by the god that made me, or 1 
they escape me the refuse 2 of my wordes shall be dere 
bought.' than he tooke agayne his home, and strake it 
.iii. tymes on his bo we / and cryed out aloude and 12 
sayde, 4 ye my men, come and apere before me ' / than 
there came to hym a 3 foure hondred men of armes, 
and demaundyd of Oberon what was his pleasure, and 
who had dyspleasyd hym / 4 Syrs,' quod Oberon, 16 
4 1 shall shewe you / how be it I am greuyd to shewe 
it / here in this wode there passyd .xiiii. knyghtes / 
who dysdaynyth to speke to 4 me / but to the entent 
that they shall not mocke me / they shal derely by the 20 
refusynge of theyr answere / wherefore I wyll ye 
go after them and slee them all, let none escape'/ 
than one of his knyghtes sayd, 4 syr, for goddes sake 
haue pyte of them ' / 4 sertenly,' quod Oberon, myne 24 
honour sauyd, I can not spare them syn they dysdayne 
to speke to 4 me' / 4 syr,' quod Gloriand, 4 for goddes 
sake do not as ye say / but, syr, worke by my counsell, 
and after do as it please you / syr, I counsell you yet 28 
ones agayne goo after them / for 6 yf they do not 6 speke 
we shall slee them all ; for surely, syr, yf they see you 
retoume agayne to them, so shortly they shall 7 be in 
grete feer ' / 4 frend,' quod Oberon, 4 1 shall do as ye 32 
haue cou?isellyd me ' / thus Huon & his company rode 
forth a grete pace / and Huon sayd, 4 syrs, we are now 

1 before. 2 refusal. 
6 Fol. xviii. col. 2. 

8 about 
6 then. 

4 vnto. 
7 will. 

Digitized by 



fro the dwerfe a 1 .v. leges ; I neuer sawe in my lyfe 
soo fayre a creture in y e visage / I bane grete meruayle He marvels at 
how he can speke of god almyghty 2 / for I thinke he ^deeireT to* 7 ' 
4 be a deuyll of hell / & sennys he spekyth of god, me apeak with him " 
thynke we ought to speke to hym / for I thynke suche 
a creature can haue no power to do vs any yll 3 / I 
thi/ike he be not past of y e age of .v. yeres ' / ' syr/ quod 
8 Gerames, ' as lytel as he semyth, & that ye take hi/n 
for a chylde / he was borne .xL yere afore y e Natyuyte 
of our lord Jhem Cryst ' / ' surely,' quod Huon, ' I care 
not what age he be of / but yf he com agayDe, yll hape 

12 come to me yf I kepe my worded & spech fro him / I 
pray you be not dyspleasid.' & thus as they rode 
dyuysynge .xv. dayes / sodewly Oberon apery d to 4 them After fifteen days 
& sayd, ' syrs, are ye not yet aduysyd to speke to 4 me ? / appear* to them, 

16 yet agayne I am com to salute you in y e name of y e and salutes Huon 
god that made & formyd vs, & I coniure you by God. 
y e puysaunce that he hath geuin me / that ye speke to 
me, for I repute you for fooles to thi?eke thus to passe 

20 thorow my wod & dysdayne to speke to me / a, Huon, 
I knowe thee well ynough, & wether thou woldest go / 
I know all thy dedes, & 5 thou slowest Chariot, and He recites Huon'i 
after dyscomfyted Amaury / and I knowe y e message 

24 that Charlemayn hath chargyd the to say to the 

admvrall Gaudys, y e which thyng is impossyble to be and shows him 

J J J . i that wit,,out 

done without myne ayed / for without me thou shalt fairy aid he will 

/i i o t never fulfil his 

neuer acoiwplyshe this entrepryce / speke to me / & I mission. 

28 shall do the that courtesy that I shall cause y e to 
acheue thyne entrepryce, y e which is 6 impossyble 
without me / & whan thou, hast acheuyd thy message I 
shal briwge thee agayne in to frawce in sauegard / & 7 

32 I know y* cause that thou. 8 wylt not speke to me / 
hath ben 9 by reason of olde Gerames who is there with 
the. Therfore, Huon, beware of thy selfe ; go no 

1 about 2 almightie God. 8 euill. 4 vnto. 6 how. 
• elac 7 and omitted. 8 Fol. xviii. back, col. 1. B it is. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxv. 

oberon on<» more f orther / for I knowe well it is thre dayes passyd sene 

begs Huon to 

■peak with him, thou dydyst ete any mete to profyt the / yf thou wylt 
beleue me / thou shalt haue ynough / of suche 
sustenance as thou wylt wysshe fore* And as soone as 4 
thou hast dynyd I wyll giue the leue to departe / yf it 
he thy pleasure / of this haue no dought.' 4 Syr/ quod 
Huon, ' ye be welcom.' ' A,' quod Oberon, ' thy 
salutasyow shalbe well rewardyd. know for trouthe 8 
thou neuer dyddest salutasyon so profitable for thy 
selfe / thou mayst thanke god / that he hathe sent the 
that grace.' 

end Hnon bide 
htm welcome. 
The dwarf 
promises him rich 
reward for this 

Huon asks 
wherefore Oberon 
has pursued him. 

Oberon tells how 
he loves Huon, 

and who he is. 

His father was 
Julius Cesar, and 
his mother the 
lady of the Secret 
Isle, once loved by 
the fair 

Of the grete meruaylles that Oberon 12 
shewyd to 1 Huon / & of the aduentures 
that fell. Capitulo .xxv. 

Han Huon had well herd Oberon he 
had grete merueyll, and demaunyd yf 16 
it were trew that he hade sayd. 'ye 
trewly/ quod Oberon, 'of that make 
no dought/ 'Syr/ quod Huon, 'I 
haue greate merueyll for what cause ye haue alwayes 20 
pursuyd vs ' / * Huon/ quod Oberon, ' know well / I 
loue thee well by cause of the trouthe that is in the / 
and therfore naturally I loue the / and yf thou wylt 
knowe who I am, I shall shew the / trew it is Julius 24 
cesar engendered me on the lady of the pryuey 2 Isle / 
who was sumtyme welbelouyde of the fayre Florimont 
of albaney. But by cause that Florimont who as than 
was yonge / & he had a mother who dyd so myche / 28 
that she sawe my mother and Florimont to gether in 
a soletary place on y* see syde / whan my mo 8 ther 
parseyud / that she was spyed by Florimonte* mother / 
she departyd and left Florimont hyr louer in grete 32 

1 vnto. * secret 5 Fol. xviii. back, col 2. 

Digitized by 


Ca. XXV.] OF THE fairies' gifts to OBERON. 73 

wepynges and lamentasyons / and neuer saw hym after / 

& than she retournyd in to hyr 1 countre of y e priuey 2 His mother's 

island is 

Isle / the which now is namyd Chyfalonnye, wher as now known m 

_ # 0,1 1 . 1 . . Chyfalonnye. 

4 she maryed after, & hade a sonne who in his tyme after By one marriage 
was kynge of Egypt / namyd Neptanabw* / it was he 

Neptanabus, the 

as it is sayde thai engenderyd Alexander y e grete, who Alexander the 
aft causyd hym to dye / than after a .vii. yere Sezar Great * 
8 passyd by the see as he went in 3 to thesalee 4 wher as 
he fought with pompee / in his way he passyd by 
Chyfalonnye / wher my mother fetchyd hym / and he caw mi in lore 

-„.,.,, . , , , ! , , , wlthheronhU 

fell in lone with her bycause she shewyd hym that he way to Thessaiy 
12 sholde dyscomfyt Pompee / as he dyde / thus I haue pompey^ 1 * 
shewyd yon who was my father / at my byrthe there At oberon's birth 
was many a pry nee 5 and barons of the fayrre / and were inTited to be 

present except 

many a noble lady that came to se my mother whyles one, 
16 she trauaylyd of me. & among them theyr was one was 

not content / by cause she was not sent for as wel as who in anger 

' caused him to 

y* other, & whan I was borne / she gaue me a gyft, y e cease growing 
whiche was, that whan I sholde passe .iiL yere of age I oid. n 7 * n 
20 sholde growe no more / but thus as ye se my now / 
and whan sheiiad thus done / and sawe that she had 
thus seruyd my by heyr wordis / she repentyd heyr But ene later 

repented of her 

selfe / and wolde recompense me a nother waye. Than wrath, and made 

him the fairest of 

24 she gaue my 6 another gyfte / and that was, that I mortals, 
sholde be the fayreste creature that euer nature formyd / 
as thou mayst se my now / and another lady of the a second (airy 

-r, 1 rr, i- f o gave him the 

Fayrrey namyd Transline / gaue me a nother gyft, & power of seeing 

Aft . , , . , into all men's 

28 that was, all that euer any man can knowe or thynke, minds; 
good or yH, I do 7 know it / the thyrde lady, to do 
more for me / and to please my mother y e better / she * »nird that of 

' f J J 1 going whither he 

gaue my / that there is not so fayre 8 a con tray / but would by merely 


32 that yf I wyll wysshe me selfe theyr, I shall be there 
incontynent with 9 what nombre of men as I lyste / and 

1 owne. 8 secret. 5 vnto. * place. 6 many Princes. 
6 me. 7 should. 8 farre. 
• Fol. xix. col. 1. 

Digitized by 

74 HUON OP burdeux. [Ca. XXV. 

Everything more ouer, yf I wyll baue a castell or a palays at 

indeed that he 

requiree he can myne owne deuyse, incontenent it shall be made / and 

procure by merely 

wuwng for it. as sone gone agayne and 1 I lyste ; and what mete or 

wyne that I wyll 2 wysshe for it, s I shall 4 haue it 4 
He u king of incontenent ; & also I am kynge of Momur, the whiche 


is a 5 .iiii. C. leges fro hense / and yf I lyste incowtenent 
I can be there / know for tronthe that thou art aryuyd 
at a good porte / I know well thou haste grete nede of 8 
mete / for this .iii. dayes thou hast had but small 
Oboron offers sustenaunce / but I shall cause the to haue ynough / I 

Huon sustenance. 

demaunde of the wether thou wylt haue mete and 
drynke here in this medow, or in a palayes, or in a 12 
hall j coramaund where as thou wylt, & thou shalt baue 
it for the and thy company ' / 1 syr/ quod Huon, ' I 
wyll folowe your pleasour, and neuer do nor thynke 
the contrary ' / 1 Huon,' quod he, 1 as yet I haue not 16 
shewyd all the gyftes that were gyuen me at my 
No bird nor byrthe / the .iiii lady gaue me / that there is no byrde 
^^dnw noT beest, be they neuer so cruell / but yf I wyll haue 

ShEST" of ihem 1 ma y take them with m y hand > and also 1 sha11 20 

M^oidn; 9 ' neuer seme* elder than thou seest me now / and whan I 
*eav« h the world 8ntt ^ departe oufc °* tn ^ 8 w orlde, my place is aperrelyd 7 
piMir«!djfor * n P aradvce / * or * knowe that all thynges creatyd in 
him in paradise, this mortall world must nedys haue an ende ' / ' syr, 1 24 
<\uod Huon, 'such a gyft ought to be well kept'/ 
' Huon, 1 quod Oberon, 1 well ye were counselyd when 
ye spake to me / ye had neuer before so fayre 
aduenture / shewe me by thy faythe / yf thou wylt 28 
ete / & what mete thou wylt haue and what wyne thou 
Huon accept* the wylt drynke ' / 1 syr,' quod Huon, ' so that I had 

fairy's offer of # . 

rood and drink, mete and drinke I care not what it were, so that I and 

my company were fyllyd and ryd fro our famyn' / 32 
He and his than Oberon laughyd at hym and sayde / ' syrs, all ye 
at oErOT*? d °*" syte downe here in this medow / and haue no dought 


when. * would. 9 it omitted. 4 should. 
6 about. 6 beseerue. 7 appointed. 

Digitized by 


but all that I wyll do is done by the puys^aunce of our 
lorde god 1 / than Oberon began to wysshe / and sayd 
to 8 Huon and his company, and sayd, 'syrs, aryse vp 
4 quykly,' the whiche they dyd / than they regardyd 8 and when they 
before them and sawe a fayre and a ryche palayes richj-bnu? * 
garnysshyd with chambers and halles / hangyd and Sim?***** 
beddyd with ryche clothes of sylke beten with golde, 
8 and tablys redy set full of mete / whan Huon and his 
company sawe the ryche palayes before them they had 
grete meruayll / than 4 Oberon toke Huon by the hande / Oberon leads 
& with hym mountyd vp in to the palayes / whan where servants 

12 they came there they founde seruaun f es there redy / ^Xrbasina. 
bryngynge to 2 them basyns of golde garnysshyd wiHi 
precyous stones / they gaue water to Huon. than 6 
he sat downe at the tabull, the whiche was furnysshyd a table is set 

16 with all maner of mete and drynke that man coude food and drink, 
wysshe / Oberon satte at the tables ende on a banke* At one end, on an 
of Iuorey rychely garnysshyd with golde and precyous oberon takes' Ms 
stones, the which sete had suche vertu geuyn to it by 

20 the fayrey / that who so euer by any suttyll meanes 
wolde poyson hym that shulde syte there on, as soone 
as he shulde aproche nere to y e sete he shuld fal down 
starke deed / king Oberon sat theron rychely aparelyd / 

24 and Huon, who sat nere to 3 hym, began to ete a grete Near him is Huon 
pace / but Gerames had small apetyte to ete / for he company], 
beleuyd that they shulde neuer departe thense / whan Su? they Ihau" 
Oberon sawe hym he sayd / 4 Gerames, ete thy mete °eav» 2* 

28 and drynke / for as soone as thou haste eeten thou ob^t's^les 
shalt haue leue to go when thou lyste 9 / whan Gerames ^^J* 
herde that he was ioyfull / than he began to ete & when the meal is 
drynke / for he knewe well that Oberon would not do 

32 agaynst his assurance / all the company dyd well ete 
and drynke / they were seruyd with all thynges that 
they coud wysh fore / whan Huon sawe how they were 

1 Fol. xix. col. 2. a vnto. 8 looked. * and. 
6 and. 6 bench. 

Digitized by 

76 HUON OP burdeux. [Ca. XXV. 

when all are all satysfyed and replete, and had well dynyd, 1 he sayd 

satisfied, Hood 

asks obei-on'e to kynge Oberon / ' syr, whan it shall be your pleasour 
leave to depart j wo \^ e y Q s hulde gyue vs leue to departe ' / ' Huon,' 
quod Oberon, ' I am ryght well content so to do / but 4 
fyrste I wyll she we you my iuelles ' / than he callyd 
oberon tends for a Clariand, a knyght of the fayrey, and sayd, 'frende, go 

cup, and shows it ^ .11,1. 

to Huon. and fetche to me my cuppe. he dyd his commaunde- 

ment. and whan Oberon had the cuppe in his hande / 8 
he sayd to 2 Huon / 'syr, behold wel ye se well 8 this 
cuppe is 4 voyde and empty' / 'that is trewe, syr,' 
quod Huon / than Oberon sete the cuppe on the 
table, and sayde to 2 Huon / 'syr, beholde the grete 12 
power that god hath gyuen me, and how that in the 

The dwarf makes fayrey I may do my pleasour.' than he made ouer the 

thesignofthe , - ... . _ „ . 

cross over it and cuppe the signe of a crosse .111. tymes / than 5 incontenent 

the cuppe was full of wyne / and than he sayde, ' lo, 6 16 
syrs, ye may well se that this is done by the grace of 
god / yet I shall shewe you the grete vertu that is in 
this cuppe, for yf all the men in the worlde were here 
Ail guiltless men, assembelyd to gether, and that the cuppe were in the 20 
mid the cup Vuii handes of any man beynge out of deedly synne, he 
their ilps? ng U *° myght drinke therof his fyll / but who so euer offer his 
hande to take it beyng in deedly synne, the cuppe shulde 
lese his vertu / and yf thou mayst drynke therof, I 24 
Oberon wds Huon offer to giue the the cuppe' / 'syr,' quod Huon, 'I 

drink of it, but he 

tears that he has thanke you, but I am in dought that I am not worthy 
unworthy of u. nor of valoure to drynke ther of nor to touch the 

cuppe / I neuer herd of suche a dyngnyte as this 28 
cuppe is of / but, syr, knowe for trouthe I haue ben 
confessyd of all my synnes, and I am repentant and 
sorOwf ull foT that I haue done / and I do perdon and 
forgyue all the men in the worlde what so euer iniury 32 
hath bene done to 2 me / and I knowe not that I haue 
done wronge to any creature, nor I hate no man.' and 

i Fol. xix. back, col. 1. 1 vnto. * thai 4 now. 
* and. • Behold. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xxvi.] 



bo he toke the cuppe in hothe his hawdes and set it to Huon however 
his mouth, and dranke of the good wyne that was and?t uLkfus 
1 therein at his pleasour. to * 9 

4f Of the grete giftes that Oberon gaue to* 
Huort, as his horne of Iuorey & his cuppe, 
the whiche were of grete vertues / and 
Huon after thought to proue the vertu of 
8 them, whereby he was in grete perell of 
dethe. Capitulo .xxvi. 

Han Oberon sawe that, he was ryght oberonie 
glad, and came and enbrasyd Huon, pl^f of^non^ 1 " 

, q i ii # innocence, and 

seynge how 8 he was a noble man / entrusts the cup 
V I gyue the ft this cuppe as it is in the to keeplu * 
maner as I shall shewe thee in any 
wyse for any thyng ; for y e dyngnyte of the cuppe be 
16 thou euer trewe and faythfull / for yf thou wylt worke 
by my counsell I shall ayed thee and gyue the socour 
in all thyne afifayres / but as soone as thou makyst any 
lye the vertu of the cuppe wyl be lost and lese his 
20 bounte, and besyde that thou shalt lese my loue and 
ayed 9 / ' Syr/ quod Huon, 4 1 shall ryght well be 
ware ther of / and now, syr, I requyre you suffer vs to Huon desire* to 
departed 4 abyde yet,' quod Oberon 6 ; 4 yet I haue "* forth ' 
24 another iuell the which I wyll gyue thee / by cause I 

thynke there be trouthe and nobles in the. I wyll but oberon delays 
gyue the a ryche horne of iuorey, the whiche is full of hie ivory horn, 
grete vertu / the 7 whiche thou shalt bere with the / it is 
28 of so grete vertu / that yf thou be neuer so f arre fro me, 

as soone as thou blowest the horne / I shal here the / one Mast of widen 
& shall be incontenent with the with a .C. thousaunde dwarf to his eide 

*o /» 111*1 a hundred 

men of 8 armes for to socoure and ayed the / but one thousand men. 

32 thynge I commaunde thee, on the payne of lesinge of 

1 Fol. xix. back, col. 2. 2 Tnto. 8 saying that 
4 and. 6 (qnoth he). 6 Huon mitread in orig. 
7 and. 8 at. 

Digitized by 



Bat it is only to 
be blown when 
Huon is in great 


[Ca. xxvl 

Huon takes leare 
of King Oberon. 

Oberon weeps on 
parting with his 
cup and horn. 

The knights 
reach a deep, 
Cordless river, 

but a servant of 
the fairy king 

and by striking 
the water makes 
a path through it. 

Huon and his 
company pass 
along it, and the 
river elites in 
behind them. 

my loue and on iuberdy of thy lyfe / that thou be not 
so hardy l io sowne thy 2 home / without thou haste 
grete nede ther of ; for yf thou do other wyse I auow to 
god that creatyd me, I shall leue thee in as grete 4 
pouerte & mysere as euer man was / so that who so 
euer shulde se the in that case shulde haue pyte of 
the ' / * syr,' quod Huon, 4 I shall ryght well be ware 
therof / now I desyre you let me departe 9 / 4 1 am 8 
content/ quod Oberon, 4 and god be thy gyde.' Than 
Huon toke leue of kynge Oberon / and trussyd vp all 
his baggage / and dyde put his cuppe in 3 his bosome / 
& the home about his necke / thus they all tooke there 12 
leue of [the] kynge. Oberon 4 all wepynge enbrasyd 
Huon / who had merueyll why he wept, and sayd, 
4 syr, why do you wepe V / 4 frewd/ qwod Oberon, 4 ye 
may well knowe / ye haue with you .ii. thynges that I 16 
loue derely. god ayde you ; more I can not speke 
to you' / thus the .xiiii. knyghtes departyd, and so 
they rode forthe a 5 .xv. leges or more / thaw they sawe 
before them a grete depe ryuer / and they coude fynde 20 
no gyde nor passage to pass ouer, and so they wyste 
not what to do / than sodenly they sawe passe by 
them a seruaunt of kynge Oberon berynge a rodde of 
gold in his hande, and so without epekynge of any 24 
worde he enteryd in to y* ryuer, and toke his rodde 
and strake y e water therwith .iii. tymes / than incon- 
tynerct the water withdrew a bothe sydes in suche wyse 
that thir was a pathe that .iii. men myght ryde a 28 
frount / and that done he departyd agayne without 
spekynge of any worde. than Huon and his company 
entryd in to the water, and so passyd thorow without 
any daunger / 6 whan they were past they behelde 7 32 
behynde them, and sawe the ryuer close agayne and ran 
after his olde course / 4 by my faythe/ quod Huon / 

1 Fol. xx. col. 1. 2 they in orig. 8 into. 
4 and. 6 about. 0 and. 7 looked. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xxvi.] 

op huon's folly. 


'I thynke we be inchantyd. I beleue surely kynge 
Oberon hath done this / but sene 1 we be thus skapyd 
out of perel, I truste fro 2 hense forth we shall haue no 

4 dought ' / thus they rode f orthe to gether synggynge, 
and often tynies spake of the grete meruayles that they 

had sene kynge Oberon doone 8 / and as they rode They ride to a 

__ , - fair meadow, In 

Huon beheld on his ryght hande & sawe a fayre the midst of 

5 medow well garnysshyd with herbes and floures, and dear fountain, 
in the myddes therof a fayre clere fountayne. than 

Huon rode thether / and alyghtyd and let there horses There thej alight, 
4 to pasture / than they sprede a clothe on the grene 

12 grase / and set there vp 8 suehe mete as kynge Oberon 

had gyuen them at there departynge / and there they and eat and 
dyde ete and drynke suche drynke as they f ounde in .tor* oberon had 
the cuppe / ' by my fay the/ quod Huon, ' it was a giT * M them ' 

16 fayre aduenture for vs whan we met Oberon, and that 
I spake to hym / he hath shewyd me grete tokens of 
lone whan he gaue me suche a cuppe / yf I may Hoon declares 

. * * . i t i it . that if ever he 

retourne in to fraunce m saue garde, I shall gyue it to return to France 

20 Charlemayne / who shall make grete feest 8 therwith / cup to the 
& yf he can not drynke therof the barons of fraunce Emperor * 
wyll haue grete ioy 7 therof / than agayne he re- 
pentyd hym of his owne wordes, and sayde, 1 1 am a 

24 fole to thynke or say thus / for as yet I can not 
tell what ende I shall come to / the cuppe that I haue 
is better worth than .ii. cytyes / but as yet I can not But he mistrusts 
beleue the vertu to be in the home as Oberon hath wthafofthT*'' 

28 shewyd / nor that he may here it so farre of / but what hora * 
so euer fortune fall, I wyll assay it yf it hath suche 
vertu or not'/ 'A, 8 syr,' quod Gerames, 'be ware Oerames warns 
what ye do / ye knowe well whan we departyd what make heedless 

32 charge he gaue you / sertenly you and we bothe are trU1 ofthem » 
loete yf ye trespas his commaundement ' / ' surely,' 
quod Huon, ' what so euer fortune fall, I shall 9 assay it ' / 

1 seeing. * Fol. xx. back, col. 2. 3 doe. 4 goe. 
6 on. • ioy. 7 sport. 8 alaa. 9 will. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. xxvi. 

but Huon blows 
the horn. 

Oberon heart the 
blast, and fears 
his knight Is 
In peril. 

With a hundred 
thousand men he 
approaches Huon. 

Huon fears he 
has done 

Oberon corses 
Huon when 
he perceives 
bis foUj. 

Hnon pleads that 
the virtue of the 
draught from the 
cup has led him 
into error, and 
asks for pardon. 

& so toke y* home & set it to his mouthe / and blew it 
so loude that the woode rang / than Gerames and all 
the other began to synge and to make grete ioy / than 
Garyn sayd, ' fayre neuew, blow sty 11* l / and so Huon 4 
blewe styll with suche force that Oberon, who was in 
his woode a 4 .xv. leges of, herde hym clerely, and sayde, 
3< a, very god, 3 I here my frende bio we whom I lone 
best of all the world / alas, what man is so hardy to do 8 
hym any yll? / I wysshe my selfe wt'tn him with a 
.CM. men of 4 armes'/ incontynent he was nere to 
Huon with a .CM. men of 4 armes / whan Huon & his 
company herde y* hoste comynge, and sawe Oberon 12 
com rydynge on before, 6 then they were afreyd ; 6 it was 
no merueyll / seynge the commauudeme7*t that Oberon 
had gcuen them before / than Huon sayd, ' a, 7 syrs, I 
haue done yll; now I se well we can not escape, but 16 
that we be 8 lykely 9 to dye ' / ' sertenly,' quod 
Gerames, 'ye haue well deseruyd it 1 / ' holdo your 
peace/ qiiod fluon, ' dysmay you not / let me speke to 
hym' / ther with Oberon cam to them and sayd / 20 
* Huon, 10 of god be thou curssyd, 10 where are they that 
wyll do the any ylll why haste thou broken my 
€o?wmaundement V / * a, 11 syr,' quod Huon, ' I shall 
shewe you y* trouthe / we were syttynge ryght now in 24 
y* 12 medow, & dyd ete of that ye gaue vs / I belyue 
I tooke to mych drynke out of the cuppe that ye gaue 
me / the vertu of the whiche we well assayed / than 
I thought to assay 13 also the vertu of y e ryche home / to 28 
the entent that yf I shulde haue any nede / that I 
myght be sure therof / now I know for trouthe that all 
is trew that ye haue shewyd me / wherfore, syr, in y* 
honour of god I requyre you to pardon my trespas / 32 
14 syr, here is my sword, stryke of my hede at your 

1 Fol. xxi. col 1. 2 about. 3 - s Alas, my friends. 
4 at. 6 them. 6 and. 7 alas. 8 are. 9 all. 
w-w omitted. 11 Alas. " this. » s trye. 14 else. 

Digitized by 


pleasour / for I knowe well without your ayde I shall 
neuer come to acheue myne enterpryse ' / ' Huon/ quod 
Oberon, ' the bounte and grete trouthe that is in the 
4 constreyny th me to gyue the pardon / but beware fro oberon forgive* 
hense forth be not so hardy 1 to breke my commauwde- 
ment.' ' syr/ quod Huon, « I thanke you ' / ' well/ 
quod Oberon, ' I knowe surely that thou hast as yet Huon hu much 
8 moche to suffer / for *thoxi must passe by a cyte namyd He'hSto piua 
Tormont, wherin there is a tyrant callyd Macayr, & ^tTuv^lh* 
yet he is thyne owne vncle / brother to thy father, H^wL^^r 
Duke Seui?* / whan he was in fraunce he had thought to Duke 8evil1 ' 

12 to haue murderyd kynge Charlemayn, but his treason 
was knowyn / & he had ben slayne, and 3 thy father 
Duke Seuyn had not ben / so he was sent to y 6 holy 
sepulcure to do his penaunce for the yll that he had 

16 done / & so after warde there he reuynsyd 4 the feythe 

of our lord god / and tooke on 6 hym the paynyms law / bat ha* now 
y* whiche he hath kept euer syns so sore 6 / that yf he 01,6 
here any man speke of our lord god, he wyl pcrsuaunt 

20 him to the dethe / & 7 what promys that he makyth, he 
kepyth none / therfore I aduyse thee trust not on 
hym / for surely he wyll put thee to dethe yf he may / if Huon go 
& thou canst not skape yf thoxx go by that cyte / hTwnuurdy 

24 therfore I couwseU the take not that way yf thou meet hU death ' 
be wyse ' / ' syr/ quod Huon / ' of your courteasy, loue, 
& good coTisell I thanke you / but what so euer fortune 
fal to me, I wyl go to mine vncle / & if he be suche one Huon auertH that 

he will oon front 

28 as ye say / I shall make hym to dye an yll dethe ; his uncle, 
yf nede be I shall sowne my horne, & I am sure at my 
nede ye wyll ayde me 1 / ' of that ye may be sure/ 
quod Oberon / 'but of one tbynge I defende 8 the, be Oberon bids 

32 not so hardy to sowne the horne without thou be rommandui !n\he 
hurte, for yf thou do the contrary I shall so marter ftUure * 
thee that thy body shall not endure it ' / ' syr/ quod 

1 aa. 2 Fol. xxi. col. 2. 8 if . 4 renounced. 
* vppon. • strongly. T looke. 8 forbid. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxvii. 

Huon, 'be assuryd your commaundement I wyl not 
oberon wdi fare- breke ' / than Huon toke leue of kynge Oberon, who 

well, «nd weeps ' 

for love of Huon, was sory whan Huon departyd / 'syr,' quod Huon, ' I 
haue meruayll why ye wepe ; I pray you shewe me y* 4 
cause why ye do it ' / 1 Huon/ quod Oberon, ' the grete 
loue that I haue in 1 thee causyth me to do it, for as yet 

who win taiier herafteer thou shalt suffer so myche yll & traueyll / 

much misfortune ^ humayn tounge can tell it ' / 1 syr,' quod Huon, 8 
' ye shewe me many thynges not gretely to my prof yte ' / 

through his own 'sure,' quod Oberon, 'and yet thou shalt suffer more 
than I haue 2 spoken of, and all by thyne owne foly.' 

% How Huon aryued at Tormoat, and found 12 
a man at the gate who brought him to 
lodge to the prouoste* house in the towne. 

Ca. .xxvii. 

Fter thai Oberon had shewed huon 16 
p i to of that shuld fall to him, & was 
departed, Huon & his company then 
mounted on ther horses, & so rode 
Huon and hu /ZsiMEl^JKi 1 rt, k 80 l° w 8 e tyll they cam to y* 20 
Tormont! rrlV * at cj Lye of tormount. gerames, who had 

ben theyr before, when he saw y e cytye he sayd to huon, 
' a, 3 syr, we be yll aryued here 4 / behold here we be in 
y* way to suffre muehe troble.' 1 syr,' quod Huon, ' be 24 
not dysmayd, for by y* grace of god we shall ryght 
well skape / for who that god wyll ayde no man can 
hurt.' then they entred into y* citye, &* as they ca?n to 
y* gate they met a man wtVh a bow in his hand, who 28 
Hnon salutes a had bene a sporti/ige with out y* cytye / huon ryd 
the n nameofGod" formest & salutid him in y # name of god. 6 'frende, 
what cal ye this cytye?' / y* man stode styll & had 
meruel what men they were tliat spake of god. he 32 

1 to. 2 Fol. zxi. back, col. 1. * Alas. « here omitted. 
6 and. 6 saying. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xxviL] how huon arrives at tormont. 83 

behelde them & sayd, 'syrs, y e god in whose name 1 ye Theman— him§eir 
haue salutyd me kepe & defend thou home in- warm Huon 

, . , , . . T j . , against mention- 

combraunce / now be it I desyre you, in as myche as ye ing the name of 
4 loue your lyues, speke softely that ye be not herd • 004 Und " 
for yf y* lord of this citie know that ye be crysten men 
he wyll sle you all / syres, ye may truste me / for I am 
crystened, but I dare not be knowen therof / I haue 
8 such fere of y* duke.' ' frende,' quod Huon, ' I pray 
thou shew me who is lorde of this cytye, & what ys his 
name ' / ' syr,' quod he, 'he ys a false tyrant, when Maoaire, who hae 

. renounced the 

he was crystened he was named Macaire, but he hath christian faith, u 

12 renounsed god, & he ys so ferse & prowde that as now ordofth6dt7, 
he hath 2 nothyng so moche as they 3 that beleue in ^ 
Ihem cryst ; but, syr, I pray you she we me whether 
ye wyll go.' ' frende/ quod Huon, * I wolde gladly go 

16 to y* red see, & from thens to Baby lone / I wold tary 
this daye in this cytye, for I & my company are sore 
wery.' ' syr/ quod he, '&* ye wyll beleue me ye Huon u advised 
shall not entre in to this cytye to lodge / for yf y e <iepart strait* 

20 duke know 6 it none could aaue your lyues / therfore yf way * 
it be your pleasure I shall lede you a nother waye 
besyde y e towne.' 'syr/ quod gerames, 'for goddes 
sake beleue hym tiiat comweleth you so truly ' / ' know 

24 for trouthe,' quod huon, ' I wyll not do thus. I see but he reflates, 
well it is almost nyght, the sonne goth low / therfore I 
wyll lodge this nyght here in this towne, what so euer 
fall; 6 for a good towne wolde 7 neuer be forsaken/ 

28 ' nyr,' quod y* straunge man, ' sen 8 it is so, for the loue The stinger 
of god I shall brynge you to a lodgyng where as ye hTm n to^safc ring 
shall be well & honestly lodgyd in a good mannes lodging * 
house that bileueth in god, named Gonder; he is 

32 prowost of the cytye, & well beloued with the duke. 1 

' frende/ quod huon, ' god rewarde thou. 9 soo this man The knights 


wente on before 9 through the towne tyl he cam at y* 

1 Fol. xxi. back, col. 2. 8 to in text. 8 them. * if. 
• knewe. 6 befall. 7 should. 8 seeing. 0 before omitted. 

O 2 

Digitized by 


and m« the pro- prouostis house, whome they founds syttynge at his 
H^onUiatfi him gate. Huon, that was a fayre speker, saluted hym in 
jnUienanwo ^ e name of god and 1 of the vyrgyn mary. 1 the 
prouost rose vp and beheld Huon & his company, & 2 4 
had 3 mcruill What they Were, sen 4 they saluted hym in 
y* name of god ; then 6 he sayd, 'syrs, ye be Welcome, 
The provost but a goddes name I desyre you speke softely that ye 
•tranger'i be not herde / for yf y e duke of this cytye knew thou? 8 
warning ^ ghuld vtterly be lost ; but yf it please thou 7 to tary 

but offen Huon this nyght here in my house / for y* loue of god / all 

and hi. company . , , , f , 

•heiter in hi* that I haue in my house shall be yours to do ther with 

at your pleasure. I abandon all to you / and, syr, 12 
I thanke god I haue 8 in my house that, & 9 yf ye byde 
here this too yere, ye shall not nede to bye eny thynge 
without 1 / 4 syr,' quod Huon, ' of this frayre proffer I 

They alight, thanke you;' and soo he & his company alyghted, and 16 
there were seruauntes ynow to take ther horses and to 
set them vp. then the host toke Huon & Gerames and 
y c other and brought them to chambres to dresse. 
then 10 / theyr 11 they came in to the hall, where as they 20 

ud table, are set founde the tables set and couered, and soo sate downe 

before them. . 

& were rychely seruyd with dyuers metys. when they 
had done & were rysen, Huon callyd Gerames & sayd, 
After they have 4 syr, go in hast in to the towne & get a cryer / & 24 
Ge^eThave 1 * 1 make 12 to be cryed in euery merket place & strete, that 
fo'ede'thafau who wno 80 euer wolde 13 cum & suppe at the prouostes 
win may sup house, as well noble as vn noble men, women & 

freely at ttie ' ' 

Sat night? 00 ** chyldren, ryche & poure, and all maner of people, 28 

of what estate or degre 14 they be of, 16 shulde 16 come 

merely & frely, and no thynge pay, no ther for mete nor 

drynke, wherof they shuld haue as they wysshyd ' / and 

also he commaunded gerames that all the mete that he 32 

could get in the towne, he shuld by it & pay redy 

1-1 omitted. 2 he. 8 great. 4 seeing. 
6 Fol. xxii. col. 1. 6 this. » you. 8 that. 
• & omitted. 10 them. 11 then. 18 cause. 18 will. 
14 so ever. 15 of omitted. 18 shall. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xwiii.] how the provost receives huon. 


money for y* same. ' syr/ quod Gerames, ' your pleasure 
shalbe done/ * &yr,' quod the host, ' ye know well all 
that y8 in my house I haue abandoned to you / 
4 therfore, syr, ye shall not nede to seke for eny thing His host win not 

allow Huon to 

ferther ; take of my goodes at your plesure. 1 syr, buy food for the 

supper, and offers 

quod Huon, 'I thanke you. I haue money ynough to his own stores; 
furnysahe 1 that we 2 nede of 2 / & also, syr, I haue a 
8 cuppe of greate vertu ; for yf all y* people that he but Huon says 
within this cytye were here present, they shulde haue supply ail that 
drynke ynough by reason of my cuppe, y e which was 
made 8 in 4 the Fayry 4 ' / when the host herde Huon he 
12 began to smyle, & beleuyd that those wordes had bene 
spoken 6 in iapery* / then Huon, not well aduyseri, 
toke the home of Iuorey from his necke & toke it to Huon give* the 

provost his horn 

his host to kepe, sayenge, 6 ' host, I take you this to to keep for Mm. 

16 kepe / for it is a prccyous thynge, therfore kepe it surely / 
that I may haue it agayne when I demaund it.' 'syr 9 9 
quod he, ' I shall surely kepe it, & when it please you 
it shall be redy,' & so toke y e home & layed it vp in a 

20 coffer / but after fell suche an owre that Huon wolde 
haue had it rather then all the good in the worlde, as 
ye shall here more here after. 

% How Huon gaue a supper to all the pore 
24 men of the citye, and how the duke was 
vncle to Huon, and how the duke had 
Huon in to his Castell. Capitulo .xxviii. 

Hus when Gerames had this com- 
maundement of Huon, he went in to oemmes does 

Huon's bidding. 

the cyte / and made to be cryed in 

dyuers places as he was commaundid 

to do. when this crye was made there 

was no begger, vacabonde, nor rybault 

1 all. * we and of omitted. 8 Fol. xxii. col. 2. 
4-4 Fayry Land. 6 — 6 but in iest. 6 mine. 
7 Fol. xxii. back, ool. 1. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. xxviii 

Four thousand 
poor men come ( 
the provost's 

Gerames bujs 
such food m is 

Huon's cup 
provides sufficient 

Mscsire's steward 

comes into the 
town to buy food 
for his master's 

but all has been 
sold to Gerames. 

The Duke is told 
of Huon's supper. 

In anger Macaire 
swears he will 
▼isit the provost's 

iogeler, mynstrell, olde nor yonge / but by grete flockys 
they came all to the prouostea house / in numbre moo 
then .CCCC. & Gerames bought vp bred, mete, 
flesshe, & other vytele*, all that he could fynde in the 4 
cytye, & payed for it / thus the supper was dressyd, & 
euery man set at the tables. Huon serued them with 
his cuppe in his hande, & made euery man to drynke 
of that he put out of his cuppe into other pottes, & yet 8 
euer the cuppe was full / When y* people had well 
eten & drounken the good wynes and were well chafed 
in ther braynes, sum began to synge & some to slepe at 
the table, & sum bet 1 ther fystes on the bourdes that 12 
it was meruell to se y 6 lyfe that they led, *wher of 
Huon had grete ioye / the same tyme the dukes 
stewarde cam in to y e towne to by hys maysters 
supper / but he coulde no ther fynde bred nor flesshe, 16 
nor no other vytelles, wherof he was sore dyspleasyd / 
& then he demaundyd the cause why he found no 
vytelles as he was accustomed to do / ' syr,' quod the 
bochers & bakers, ' in y* house of Gender the prouost 20 
is lodged a yonge man who hath made to be cryed in 
all the cytye, that all beggers & rybaulde* shulde com 
to supp at his lodgynge / & he hath bought vp all y* 
vytelles that he culde gete in the towne.' than the 24 
paynem in greate dyspyte went to the palayes to the 
duke, and sayd / ' syr, I can gete nothynge in y* towne 
for your supper; ther is a yonge man lodged in the 
prouostes house that hath bought vp all the vytelles to 28 
gyue a supper to all the beggers, vacabcrode*, & rybaudes 
that can be found in y* towne.' When the duke 
vnderstode that he was sore dyspleasyd, & sware by 
mahuftde that he wolde goo see that supper / then he 32 
commaunded all his men to be redy in harnes to goo 
wt'tft hym / & as he was goynge out of his palayes 
a traytour who had stolen pr/uely out of the prouostes 
1 did beat. > Fol. xxii. back, col. 2. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xxviiL] of the poor men's supper. 


house, where as he had ben at supper with other / he 1 

sayd to the duke, 4 syr, know for trouthe ther is in a traitor comes 

t i. l- ■ v v 41. to teU him of the 

your prouostes house a knyght who hath gyuen a marreisofHuon's 
4 supper to all people that wolde cum thether, & soo ther cup ' 
is no begger, no rybaulde, nor other that woll 2 supe, 
but are come thether; and, ayr 9 this knyght hath a 
cuppe better worth then all this cytye / for yf all the 
8 people betwene est and west shulde dye for lacke of 
drynke / they shuld haue al ynough, for as often as ye 
will empty the cuppe it wylbe full agayne incontynent/ 
when the duke herd that he had greate meruell, & sayd / 

12 Buche a cuppe were good for hym, & sware by mahound 

that he wolde haue that cuppe / 4 let vs goo thether, for Macaire resoivea 
my wyll is to haue that cuppe. 8 all those knyghtes him. 
shall lose ther horses & baggage; 4 1 wyll leue them 

16 nothinge/ so 6 he went fourthe with .xxx. knyghtes, & 
re8tyd not tyll he came to the prouostes house & 
fouftde the gates open, when y e prouost perseyued The provost sees 

x "' the Duke 

him he cam to Huon, 6 sayd, 4 a, 7 st/r, ye haue done yll ; approach. 

20 here is come the duke in grete dyspleasure. yf god haue 
not pytye of thou 9 I can not se how ye can escape 
without dethe/ 4 syr,' quod Huon, 'dysniaye ye not, 
for I shall speke so fayre that he shall be content/ 

24 then Huon with a mery chere cam to y* duke & sayd, 

4 syr, ye be welcom/ 4 beware/ quod the duke, 4 cum Huon welcomes 


not nere me / for no crysten man may com in to 
my cytye without my lycence, wherfore I wyll thou 
28 knowest that ye shall all lose your hedes, and all that Macaire answers 

_ _ , , . , . _ ft , that he will slay 

ye brought hether' / 1 syr, quod Huon, ' now* ye haue him and his 
slayne vs ye shal wyn therby but lytell ; 10 it were grete knights ' 
wrong for you so to do/ 4 1 shall tell the/ quod y* 
32 duke, 4 why I wyll so do ; that is bycause ye be crysten hecau«e they are 
men, therfor thou shalte be the fyrst / shew by 11 thy 

l he omitted. * would. 8 and. 4 Fol. xxiii. col. 1. 
• bo omitted. • and. 7 alas. 8 you. 9 when. 
10 and. 11 me on. 

Digitized by 



huon op burdeuz. [Ca. xxviiL 

Huon tolls 
Macaire that he 
has brought the 
poor men together 
that they maj 
pray for him 

and invites the 
Duke and his 
escort to eat and 

He apparently 
conciliates him, 
and Macaire 
consents to snp. 

Huon serves him 
with fitting 

He offers the 
Duke his cup 
filled with wine, 
but it grows 
empty when he 
touches it. 

Huon angers 
Macaire by telling 
him that this Is 
proof that he has 

faythe why haste thou assembled all this company here 
to supper' / 'syr,' quod Huon, 'I haue done it by 
cause I am goynge to y e red see / & bycause these 
pore men wyll pray to god for me that I may sauely 4 
returne / syr, this is the cause that I haue made them 
to suppe with me'/ * a/ 1 quod the duke, ' grete f oly 
hast thou, spoken / for thou shalte neuer see fayre daye, 
ye shall all lose your hedes ' / i syr,' quod Huon, ' leue 8 
all this ; I pray you & your company syt downe & ete 
& drynke at your pleasure, & I shall serue you as well 
as I can; & then, syr, yf I haue done eny wronge, 
I wyll make you a mewdys in suche wyse that ye shall 12 
be contente, for yf ye do me eny hurt it shall be to you 
but a smale conquest, syr, me thynke yf ye wyll do 
noblye ye shulde sumwhat forbere vs, for as I haue 
harde say ye were ones crystenyd.' then the duke 16 
sayd to Huon, ' thou hast sayd well ; I am content to 
suppe, for as yet I haue not supped. 1 then the duke 
commaundyd euery man to be dysarmyd & to syt 
downe at the tabyll / the whiche they dyd / than 20 
Huon and Gerames seruyd them, and they were well 
seruyd at that supper / 2 then Huon tooke his cuppe and 
came to y* Duke, & sayd, ' syr, se you not here this 
cuppe, the whiche is voyde and empty V ' I se well.' 24 
quod the duke, ' there is no thynge therm.' than Huon 
made the sygne of the crosse oner the cuppe, and 
incontynent it was full of wyne / he toke y 6 cuppe to 
the duke, who had grete meruayll therof , and as sone 28 
as the cuppe was in his handes it was voyde agayne. 
'what!' quod the duke, 'tliou hast enchanted me.' 
'syr,' quod Huon, 'I am none enchanter / but it is 
for the synne that ye be in / set it downe, for ye are 32 
not worthy to holde it ; ye were borne in an yll 8 hour ' / 
' how art thou so hardy,' quod the duke, ' to speke thus 
to me 1 / I repute the for a proude f ole / thou knowyst 
* Well. * Fol. xxiii. col. 2. » euill. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xxviii.] op the meeting of huon and maoaire. 89 

well it lyeth in my power to dystroy the / there is no 
man dare say the contrary ; yet I pray the tell me thyn 
name, & where thou were borne, and wether thou goest, 
4 & of what kynne thou art of/ ' syr/ quod Huon, 4 for 
any thynge that shall 1 fall to me I wyll not hyde my 
name nor kin rede / 2 syr,knowe for trouthe I was borne Huon telle hu 

name and 

at Burdeux vpon Geron, and am sonne to duko seuyn parentage. 
8 who ys deed .vii. yere passyd.' when y e duke herd how 
huon was his nepheu, he sayd, 'a, 3 the son of my The Duke 

r ' J reco K nlxo« hla 

brother / nepheu, why haste thou taken in this cyte eny nephew, 
other lodgiwge but myne? / shew me whether thou 
12 wylte goo ' / 4 syr/ quod huon, 4 I am goyng to Babylon Huon declares his 

# ^ " v inleilon* 

to y* admirall Gaudys, to do to hym a message fro 
kynge Charlemayne of fraunce / by cause I slew 
his sonne there.' 4 he shewed his vncle all his ad- 

16 uenture / & how the kyng had taken awaye his londe, 
nor shulde not 5 haue it agayne tyll he had done his 
message to the admyrall. 'fayre nephew/ quod y* 
duke, 'in lyke wyse I was banysshed the realme of 

20 Fraunce, & syns I haue renyed 6 y c faythe of Jhe$u cryst, 
& syns I maryed here in this countrye a grete lady / by 
whome I haue grete landes to gouerne, wherof I am 
lord. 7 nepheu, I wyll 8 ye shall go & lodge with me in Macaire invitee 

24 my castell, and to morow ye shall haue of my barons to 
condute you tyll ye come too babylone ' / 4 syr,' quod 
Huon, 4 1 thanke you ; syn it is your pleasure I wyll goo 
with you to your palayes.' then Gerames preuely sayd Oenmea adviiee 

28 to hym / 4 syr, yf ye goo thether ye may hap 9 repent the°p\woe£ 
your self/ 4 it may wel be/ quod Gonder the prouost. 
then huon commaunded to trusse all ther gere & to 
make redy ther horses / & toke with hym his cuppe / 

32 but he lefte styll his home with the prouost. thus 

huon went with his vncle to his castell, & lay there all but Huon &** 
nyght / the nexte mornyng Huon cam to his vncle to that night, 

1 may. * therefore. 8 a omitted. 4 so. 6 he. 
1 denyed. T Fol. xxiii. back, col. 1. 8 that. 8 perhaps. 

Digitized by 



and he is induct take his leue / ' fayre nepheu, ' quod the duke, ' I requyre 

next dey * 

to delay his you tary tyll my barons come thai shall condute you in 

departure. . , , . , . , . . _ 

your lourney.' 'syr, quod huon, 'syn 1 it please you I 
am content to abyde* / then 2 they sat 8 downe to dyner. 4 

Maoaire plot* the 
death of hU 

and he bidi hie 
officer Geoffrey, 
a knight from 

arm many pagans 
to kill Huon. 
But Geoffrey 
recalls Duke 
Sevin's kindnesa 
to himself, 

and resolves to 
protect Huon. 

In the castle 
prison are seven 
soore Frenchmen 
taken upon the 

% How the duke thought to haue murdryd 
Huon, his owne nepheu, whyles he sat at 
the table. Capitulo .xxix. 4 

, Hen this traytor duke saw his nepheu 8 
sit at y* table, he called to him a 
ight borne in fraunce callyd Geffrey, 
who came out of fraunce with y* duke, 
& had in lyke wyse renyed 5 y e law of 12 
cryst, & he was secret with y* duke / then y e duke 
pnuely sayde to him, 'frewd, goo & arme ,c or ,vi. 
score paynems, & cause them to cum hether / let them 
ale my nepheu & all that are cum with him, for if one 16 
skape ye shal lese my fauer' / 'syr,' quod Geffrey, 
' your wyll shalbe done 1 / then Geffrey went into a 
chambre / where as ther was ,cc. harnes 6 hangynge; 
when he cam there? he sayd to 8 him self, 'alas, good 20 
lord, this velayne traytour wolde slee y* sonne of his 
brother / who when I was in Fraunce dyd me ones a 
greate curtesye, for I had bene deed & slayne if duke 
seuyn his father 9 had not socouryd me / it is reason for 24 
that he dyd 10 to me to rewdre agayne sum rewarde to 
y* 11 sonne / god cowfounde me yf he haue any yll for 
me / but I shall rather cause the false duke to bye 
derely y* treason that he wolde do to his neuew ' / y* 28 
same season there was in y* castell a 12 .vii. score pnsoners 
of 18 Frenchemen who were taken vpon y e see, & the 
duke kept them in prison to y* entent to put them to 

1 seeing. s then omitted. 3 them. 
4 Chap, xxviii. muprinted in orig. 6 denyed. 
6 armours. 7 thether. 8 within. 0 Fol. zxiii. back, ool. 2. 

10 then. 11 his. u about 

« all. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xxix.] of macaire's treachery. 


dethe ; he was so cruell agaynst all crysten men /but 
god, who neuer forgettyth his frendes, 1 socouryd them / 
this Geffrey went to the presoners 2 / & sayd to the 
4 prysoners, ' syr, 8 yf ye wyll saue your lyues, com out & 
folow me ' / than y* prisoners incowtynent issuyd out 
of y* pryson & folowyd Geffrey / & he brought them in 
to the chambre wher as all the harnes hangyd; he Q^Wnj inu the 


8 causyd them all to be armyd / & sayde, 4 syrs, yf ye 
haue corage & wyll to issue hense, it is tyme now ye 
shewe your vertu ' / * syr/ quod they, ' to dye in the 
quarell we shall do your commaundemewt / to com out 

12 of boundage in to fredom ' / whan Geffrey hard them 

he was ryght ioyouse, & sayd, * syrs, knowe surely that and taut them of 
there is here in this palayes at dyner / y e son of duke the todtorou» 
Seuin of Bourdeux, & he is neuew to y* duke lord of M * od^i, 

16 this hous / who was ones crystenyd, & hath renyed 4 y 6 
feythe of oure lord god *Jhe*u Cryst, 6 & he hathe 
commaundyd me to cause .vii. score paynems to be 
armyd to com & to sle his neuew & all his company. 9 

20 thus whan they were all armyd & swordes by there 

sydes, they folowyd Geffrey to the palayes / & whan They approach 
they enteryd / Huon sayd to y* duke his vncle / ' syr, Huon, 
these men in hemes that enteryd in to this hall, be 

24 they suche as ye haue commaundyd to com hether to 

condute me in my iourney?' ' a, 6 Huon/ quod y* duke / and the Duke, 
4 it is other wyse than thou thynkest / thinke surely to for'SJpa^an 6111 
dye, there is no remedy / thou shalt newer se fayre day nephew'prepare 

28 more' / than he sayde, 4 syrs, steppe forthe, loke that no todii ' 
crysten man skape you, but let them all be slayne.' 

7< f How by the ayde of GeflFrey & of the 
prisoners Huo» was socouryd, and slewe 
32 all the paynyms, and the duke flede / and 
after besegyd the castell. Ca. .xxx. 

1 seraants. * Prison. 8 airs. 4 denyed. 
*-* omitted. • No. * Fol. xxiUi. col. 1. 



[Ca. xxx. 

Huon makes 
ready for 

At Geoffrey's 
bidding the 
Frenchmen kill 
til the pagans in 
the palace. 


hit uncle, who 

and leaping from 
a window, rune 
from thecaetle. 

The Frenchmen 
close the gate* 
and raise the 

The Duke ooQecte 
more than ten 
thousand men to 
attack the castle. 

[an Huon sawe y* malyse of his vncle 
& his false treason he was sore 
ahasshyd / & rose vp sodenly & set 
his helme on his heed, & toke his 4 
sword in his hande / than Geffrey cam 
in and cryed, 'saynt Denys, ye noble frenchemen, take 
hede that no paynym skape alyue, but alee them all 
with sorowe' / than 1 the frenchemen drewe out there 8 
swordys & fought with the paynyms on all partes, so 
that within a short tyme they were all slayne / & whan 
the duke sawe how they were no paynyms that slew his 
men / he was in grete fere of his lyfe / & so flede away 12 
in to a secrete chambre / whan Huon perceyuyd that 
they were frenchemen that 2 socouryd hym, he per- 
ceyuyd 3 the Duke with his sworde in his hande all 
blody with the blode of the paynyms that he had 16 
slayne / whan the tray tour 4 Duke sawe that his neuew 
so folowyd hym, he fledde fro chambre to 6 chambre tyll 
he came to a window openyng vpon the garden syde / 
& so lept out there at and ran away, wherof Huon and 20 
Geffray and the other frenchemen were ryght sorowf ulL 
than they closyd the gates and lyft vp the brygges, to 
the entent that they shulde not be taken within / 
than they came in to y* halle where as one toke 24 
queyntance of an other, where of they had gret ioy / 
but yf god had not socouryd them ther ioy had ben 
tornyd to sorowe / for y e Duke who was skapyd / whan 
he cam in to the towne / he made a crye that as many 28 
as were able to here names 6 shulde come to hym / so 
that he and all that he coude make came with hym 
before the palayes, 7 more than .x. M. persons / and 
they all sware the deth of the cryaten men within the 32 
palayes / whan the Duke sawe 8 he had suche 9 nombre 

1 than omitted, * had thus. 8 pursued. 4 trayterous. 
6 Fol. xxiiii. ool. 2. 6 armour. T being. 
• that. • a. 

Digitized by 



he was ioyfull / 1 than he comma undyd his engyns to 
be reysyd vp & ladders on euery parte / & ther with 
pykes & inattokes they brake downe a corner toure / 
4 and the crysten men within defendyd them 2 valyauntly / The Frenchmen 

make a gallant 

Bat there defence shulde* lytyll auayllyd them, and 4 resistance, 
our lorde god had not 6 socoured them / whan Huon area^inatthem. 
knew the daunger that they were in he was sore 
8 dyspleysyd, and sayde, 4 a, good lord, I ought to be sore 
anoyed 6 whan I se that we be thus kept in by myne 
vncle / I fere me we shall newer se more dayes ' / than 
Gerames sayd, 4 syr, for the loue of god blowe now your 

12 home ' / 'syr,' 7 quod Huon, 4 it is not in my power to Hnon remembers 

• t * • • tit now °* & ave ni * 

do it / for y* prouoste Gonder hath it in kepynge / 4 ha, bom to the 

Huon,' quod Gerames, 'in an yll oure we were aqueyntyd indtherefore 

with you / for now by your foly and pryde we are in oSmftr aM. 

16 the way of destructyon' / thus as they were deuysyng / 
Gonder the prouost cam to the Duke, and sayde, 'syr, 
I haue grete merueyll that ye wy 11 thus dysstroy your The provost urges 
owne palayes, grete foly ye do therin / syr, 8 I wolde psaoe with Suon, 

20 counsell you 9 leue this assault, 10 & lete there be a pease 
made betwene you and your neuew on the condycion to 
let hym and his company go sauely away ' / ' prouost/ and the Duke, 

accepting his 

quod the Duke, ' I praye the go & do the beste that counsel, sends 
24 thou kanst. I wyll do as thou doest counsell me ' / 5*th his nephew, 
than y* prouost cam to y e palayes & sayde to Huon / 
1 syr, for goddes sake speke with 11 me 1 / ' what art thou ? ' 
quod Huon / 'I am your host y* prouoste / and I 
28 requyre you, in as moche as ye loue your lyues, kepe 
well this palayes ' / 4 syr/ quod Huon, ' of 12 your good 
counsell I thanke you / & I desyre you, for y* loue that On his arrival 

before the castle 

ye bere me, & in that we wolde helpe to saue my lyfe / Huon begs him to 

_ restore the horn, 

32 and 13 to delyuer me agayne y e home of Iuorey that 
I toke you to kepe / for without that I can not scape 

1 and. 2 thera&elues. 8 had. 4 if. 6 mightily. 
6 agreeued. 7 Alas. 8 rather. • to. 
10 Fol. xxiiii. back, col. 1. 11 to. u for. » as. 

Digitized by 



[Ca, yyxi. 

which he does 

Hnon begins to 
sound the horn. 

Gerames reproves 
Hoon for having 
parted with it to 
the provost, 

and warns him 
against blowing 
it now, 

but Huon will not 
listen to him. 

Oberon hears the 

and comes to 
Tormont with his 
armed men. 

dethe ' / ( syr/ quod y* prouoste, ' it is not fare firo me 9 / 
and so toke it out of his bosome & delyueryd it to 
Huon in at a wyndow on the garden syde. 

% How kynge Oberon cam and socouryd 4 
Huon, & slew al the paynymes except 
suche as wolde be crystenyd / and how 
Huon slewe the duke his vncle. Ca. xxxi. 

Han Huon sawe that he was sessyd* of 8 
his home of Iuorey he was ioyfull, the 
whiche was no meruayll / for it was 
y e 3 8uerte of his lyfe / than he set it 
to his mouthe & began to blowe it / 12 
than Gerames sayde / ' A, syr, ye shulde neuer be so 
lyght to dyscouer your secretes / for yf this prouoste 
had ben vntrew, he myght haue dyscoueryd all your 
secretes to the Duke, wherby ye had ben loste and 16 
deed / therfore neuer dyscouer your secretes 4 / & also, 
syr, I requyre you as yet blowe not your horne / for ye 
be not as yet hurte / kynge Oberon commaundyd you 
so at his departynge ' / 1 why/ quod Huon, ' wyll ye 20 
than that I tarry tyll I be slayne 1 surely I wyll blowe 
it without any lenger tarryynge ' / and so he blewe it so 
sore that the blode came out of his mouth / so that all 
that were in the palayes began to synge and to daunse, 24 
and the Duke and all suche as were at the sege about 
the palayes coude not reste but to synge and to daunse / 
than 6 kyng Oberon, who as than was in his cyte of 
Mommure / sayd, ' a 6 hygh a I here my trend Huons 28 
horne blow, wherby I knowe well he hath some besynes 
in hande, wherfore I wysshe myselfe there as the 
home was blowyn with a .C. thousaunde men well 
armyd 1 / he had made no soner his wysshe but he was 32 
in y* cyte of Tourmont / where as he and his men 

1 Fol xxiiii. back, col. 2. * possessed. * only. * more. 
• than omitted. • on. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xxxii.] of obrron's aid and macaire's death. 


dewe downe the paynyms that it was meruayll to se obsren and his 

men slay all the 

the blode ron downe the stretes lyke a ryuer / kynge pagans who 
Oheron made it to he cryed that as many as wolde baptised. 
4 receyue haptyme theyr lyues shulde he sauyd / so that 
therhy there were many that were crystenyd / than 
kyng Oberon came to the palayes / whan Huon saw 
hym he went and thankyd hyra of his socour at that 
8 tyme of nede / ' frende/ quod Oberon, ' as longe as ye 
beleue and do my 1 commaundementes I shall neuer fayle 
to 80coure you in all your affayres ' / thus all that were 
in the towne and wolde not beleue on 2 god were slayne / 
12 than the Duke was taken and brought to the palayes to 8 The Duke u 

, , . . . , °_ , . „ „ delivered into 

Huon / whan he sawe his vncle taken he was loyfull, Huon's hands, 
and than the Duke sayde / ' fayre nephew, I requyre 
you haue pyte of me' / 'a, vntrew tray tour/ quod 
16 Huon / 1 thou shalt neuer departe hense alyue, I shall 
neuer respyght thy dethe ' / than with his sworde he 
atrake of his vncle hede / than he made his body to be who straightway 

' . kills him. 

hangyd ouer the walles of the towne / that his ylnes 
20 myght alwayes be had in memory, and to be an ensample 
to all other / thus that countre was delyueryd fro that 

% How kynge Oberon defendyd 4 Huon / 
24 that he shulde not go by the toure of the 
gyaunt / to the whiche Huon wolde not 
accorde, but went thether / wherby he was 
in grete daunger of dethe / and of the 
28 damesell that he founde there who was his 
owne cosyn borne in fraunce. 

Capitulo .xxxii. 

1 Fol. zxiiii. ool. 2. % in. 

3 vnto. 4 forbad. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxxii. 

Oberon takes 
leave of Huon, 

end foretells 
misfortune which 
his own folly wiU 
bring upon him. 

The fairy bids 
him avoid the 
tower of 

For its entrance 
is kept by two 
men of brass, 

brandishing iron 

within dwells the 
giant Angolafer t 
whom none can 

E haue well 2 herd how kyng Oberon 
cam and socouryd Huon, & whan all 
was done than he sayde to 8 Huon, 1 my 
dere frende, I wyll take my leue of 4 
the / for I shall neuer se the agayne 
tyll 4 thou hast sufferyd as moche payne & yll and 
pouerte and dyseese that it well be herde to declare it, 
and all through thyne owne foly ' / whan Huon herde 8 
that all 6 a frayde & fl sayde / 1 syr, me thynke ye say 
grete wronge, for in all thynges to my power I wyll 
obserue your commaundeinent ' / ' frende/ quod Oberon, 
' sene 7 thou wylt do so, remetnbre than thy promes / and 12 
I charge the, on 8 payne of thy lyfe and lesynge fur euer 
my loue / that thou be not so hardy 9 to take the way to 
the toure of Dunother / the whiche is a meruelous grete 
toure standynge on the see syde / Iulius Cesar causyd 16 
it to be made / and there in I was longe 10 noryssyd; 
thou neuer sawest so fayr a toure nor better garnysshyd 
with chambers and glase windouse / and with in 
hangyd with ryche u tapestrey / at the entre of the gate 20 
there are .iL men of brasse, eche of them holdynge in 
there handys a flayll of Iren, wher with without sesse 
daye and nyght they bete by such a mesure / that 
whan the one stryketh with his flayll the other is lyft 24 
vp redy to stryke / and they bete 12 so quyckely 13 / that 
a swalow flyyngft can not passe by vnslayn / and with in 
this toure there is a Gyaunt namyd Angolafer ; he toke 
fro me y e toure and a 14 wyght harnes 14 / of suche vertu 28 
that who so euer hath it on his body / can not be hurt 
nor wery / nor he can not be drownyd in no water nor 
burnyd with fyre / therfore, Huon, my frende, I charge 
the go not that way as myche as thou feeryst my 32 
dyspleysour / for agaynst that Gyaunt thou canst make 

1 Fol. xxiiii. back, col. 1. 
6 being. 8 he. 7 


3 vn to. 

* vntill. 

10 time. 11 Fol. xxiiii. buck, col. 2. 12 smite. 

13 auddainly. 14-14 stroiige armour. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xxxii.] how he approaches the tower op dunother. 97 

no resystence ' / ' syr,' quod Huon, * knowe for trought 
the day that I departyd out of fraunce I toke on 1 me / 
that any aduenture that 2 1 myght here 2 of, though it 
4 were neuer so perelous / that I shulde 3 neuer eschew it 
for any fere of deth / and, 4 syr, I had rather dye than Hnon entreats 

permission to 

to for sake to fyght with that Gyaunt / there is no man approach the 
shall let me / &, syr, I promyse you or 5 I retourne iH^UMg&t; 
8 agayne to conquere your sayd 6 wyght hernes 6 / it shall 
do me good seruyce here after ; it is a thynge not to 
he forsaken ; and yf I nede of your ayed I shall hlowe 
my home, and ye wytt come and socoure me 9 / ' Huon,' 
12 quod Oberon / 'by the lorde that sauyd me, yf thou tratoberon 

refuses it, 

brekest the home in the blowynge thou shalt haue noo and angers Huon. 
socoure nor ayed of me ' / ' syr/ quod Huon, * ye may 
do your pleasure & I shall do myne 9 / than Oberon 

1 6 departyd without more spekynge / and Huon abode in 
y* Cyte, y e whiche he gaue to Geffrey and to the 
prouoste his hoste, and all the lond that his vncle 
helde / than he made hym redy, and toke gold and 

20 syluer plente, and tooke his leue of Geffrey & of his Huon leasee 
hoste, and of all other / & so he and his company To^n<mfc, 
7 departyd / and so rode ouer hylles & dales nyght and 
day a certen spase without fyndynge of any aduenture 

24 worthy to be had in memory / at last he came nere to and after a long 

journey see* the 

the see syde where as the toure of y e Gyaunt was; tower of the giant 
whan Huon saw it he sayde to 8 his company, ' Syrs, bythe86Mhor6, 
yonder I se a toure / the whiche was defendyd 9 me by 
28 Oberon / but as cod helpe me / or it be nyght I wyll se Huon declares he 

/ f -t / i willenterit. 

what y8 within it / what so euer come therof / than 
Gerame8 behelde the toure and began to wepe, 10 & sayd, 
' a, Huon, he is a fole that agreeth to y e cou??sell of a Hb eompanione 

, , , . deplore hie follj. 

32 chyld. syr, for godes sake beware that ye breke not 
the commaundement of kynge Oberon, for & 11 ye do 

1 vpon. *- 2 might be heard. 3 would. 4 therefore added. 
6 ere. •— • stronge armour. 7 Fol. xxv. col. 1. 8 vnto. 
9 forbidden. 10 sorow. 11 if. 

Digitized by 



grete yll is lyke to come to 1 you* / 'syr,' quod Huon, 
'yf al the men now lyuynge shulde deffend 2 me to go 
nut the imight thether, I wolde not obey them / for ye knowe well I 

replies that he has I J 

come to »eek departyd out of Fraunce for none other thynge but to 4 

ad venture*. 

serche the straunge 8 aduentures. 4 1 demaunde no thynge 
elles but to fynd aduentures / therfore speke no more to 
the contrary / for or 6 I slepe I wyll fyght with the 
Gyaunt / for though he be more harder then Iren, 8 
6 1 shall sle hyra or he me, and you Gerames, and all the 
other / abyde you here in this medow tyll 7 I retourne 
agayne.' ' Syr,' quod Gerames, all 8 wepynge / ' it sore 
dysplea^yth me that it wyl be no better, therfore 1 12 
Hnon takee leave recommauwde you to 1 the sauegard of god ' / thus Huon 

of his company, 

departyd and left his company / petuosly 9 complaynyng/ 
Huon armyd hym 10 and so tooke his way / and kyst all 
and alone on foot, hys men one after another / & toko with hym his horne 16 

carrying hie cap 

and horn, and cuppe / so al alone an fote he went forth, and 
he reaches the restyd not tyll 7 he came to the gate of the castell of 

castle of J J ° 

Dunother. Dunoster. than 11 he saw .ii. men of brasse that without 

seasynge bet with there flaylles / he behelde theym well, 20 
He seeks to avoid and thought it was in a maner impossyble to enter 

the two men of ° r J 

hrass with their without deth / 12 than he had greate meruayll, and sayde 

flails of Iron, ' ° 

to hym selfe 12 / howe kynge Oberon had shewyd hym 
18 the trouthe, and thought without y e ayde of the grace 24 
of god it were impossyble to enter / than 14 he behelde 
and sees a golden all about yf there were any other entre 16 / at last he saw 

basin tied to a J * ' 

marble pillar. nere to a pyller of marbell a basyn of gold fast tyed 

with a cheyne / than he aprochyd nere ther to and 28 

Thru* he strikes drew out his sworde, wher with he strake thre grete 

and the sound of ' strokes on the basyn / so that the sounde ther of myght 

sebyikT* dTmsei well be harde in to the castell / within the toure there 

fcrtnlss"** 1 ln was a damesell called Sebylle / whan she harde the 32 

1 vnto. 2 forbid. 8 strangest 4 and. * ere. 
8 yet 7 vntill. 8 in. • heauily. 10 himself. 11 there, 
ii— is Then he began to consider hereon with himselfe. 
13 Fol. xxv. col. 2. 14 whereuppon. 
16 place to enter. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xxxii.] how hk enters the castlb. 99 

basyn sowne / she had grete raeraayll 1 / than she went to 

a wyndowe / and lokyd out and saw Huon that wolde sebyiie sees Huon 

from a window, 

enter, than 2 she went hake agayne & sayde, ' a, good and fears that the 
I lorde, what knyght is yonder without that wold enter ? / him* -UJ 
for yf the Gyaunt awake anone he wylbe slayne / for yf 
there were a .M. knyghtes to gether they shulde 8 sone 
be dystroyed suerly. I haue grete desyre for 4 to knowe 
8 what he is and where he was borne / for as me semyth 
he shulde be of Fraunce to / know the trouthe I wyll 
go to y* wyndow 5 to se yf I may haue of hym any 
knowlege* / than she went out of her chawbre, and 

12 went to a wyndow nere to the gate / and lokyd out she go* to a 
and sawe Huon all armyd abydynge at the gate / than the gate, 06 *' 
she behelde the blasure of his shylde, wherin was frolnhu^hJeid 
purtruyed .iii. crosses go wiles 6 / wherby she knew wel u fromVranoT' 

16 he was of Fraunce. ' Alas/ quod she, ' I am but lost 
yf the Gyaunt knawe that I haue ben here ' / than she 
retournyd agayne in hast, & went to the chambre dore 
where as the Gyaunt lay and slept, and she parseyuyd she finds that 

20 he was 7 a slepe, for he rowtyd that it was meuayl to as*eep* ntil 
here / than she retournyd agayne quykely to the gate ; 
than 8 she 9 openyd a wycket, out of the whiche there and therefore 
issuyd suche a wynde that it causeth y* two men with wTcketwhich* 11 * 

24 there flaylles to stonde styll in rest / whan she had bra^to rtand at° f 
openyd the wyket hastely she retournyd in to her repairs again to 
chambre / 8 whan Huon sawe the lytyll 10 wyket open he horchamber - 
auaunsyd hymselfe & enteryd, for the two men wttA J*" 0 "^^ 

28 theyr flaylles were in rest / than he went forthe, 11 wicket, 
thynkynge to fynd them that had openyd the wyket, 
but he was sore abasshed when he coude fynde no bntmarreietosee 

no liring creators 

creature / there were so many chambres that he wyst within. 
32 not wheder to goo to fynde that he sought for / thus he 
■erehed all about / 8 at last he sawe aboute a pylier 

1 thereat. ' whereuppon. 5 all. 4 for omitted. 

6 againe. 8 of gould. T yet s and. 
• she omitted. 10 Fol. xxv. back. col. 1. " further. 

H J 

Digitized by 

100 huon of burdeux. [Ca. xxxii. 

Rat he notice* the .xiiii. men lye deed / wher of he had grete meruayll / 

dead bodies of 

fourteen men. and sayd that he wolde retourne backe agayne. than 

u> return, he went out of the hall and came to the gate, wenynge 

but finds the to haue founde it open. But it was closyd by it selfe, 4 

wicket cloeed end 

the men of br«M and the men agayne 1 bet with there flay lies. 'Alas/ 

again in motion. Huon, * now I se well I can not skappe fro 

sadly he walks hense ' / than he retournyd in to the castell & harkenyd, 2 

through Uie 

castle, and as he went serchynge aboute 3 he harde the voyce of 8 

Totoeofadamaei a damesell peteously wepynge /he came there as she 
andgoe* to her. was, & humbly salutyd her, and sayd / ' fayre damesell, 
I can not tell yf ye can vnderstonde my langage or not / 
know of you I wolde why 4 ye make this grete sorow.' 12 
He meet* her, ' Syr/ quod she, ' I wepe by cause I haue of you grete 

and she tells him 

of his danger. petye / for yf the Gyaunt here within, who is 5 a slepe, 
ha,p c go to wake, 6 ye are but deed and lost.' ' Fayre 
lady,' quod Huon, 'I pray you shew me what ye be, 16 
and where ye were borne.' 'Syr,' quod she, 'I am 
doughter to Guynemer, who in his tyme was erle of 

she is, she says, saynt Omers, & am nese to duke Seuyn of Burdeux ' / 

a niece to Duke 

setin. whan Huon harde that ryght humbly he kyssyd her, 20 

and sayde / 'dame, 7 know for trouthe 8 ye are my nere 
kynse woman / for I am sonne to duke Seuyn ; I pray 
you shew me what aduenture hath brought you in to 
she had this castell.' 1 Syr,' quod she, 1 my father had deuocyon 24 

fa^erto^Hoiy to se the holy sepulcure / & he louyd me so well that 
sepulchre, ^ e W0 \& Q no t ] eue me behynd hym / & as we were on 

and on their the see nere to the Cyte of Escalonee in Surrey, there 

sh^pwVecked'on* rose a grete tempest in 9 the see / so that y* wynde 28 

casUer* 1 brought V8 10 nere to 11 this castell /and the Gyaunt beynge 

The gUnt had in his toure, sawe vs in greate daunger of drownyng, 

ar^iiadTiain aii and that we were dryuyn in to this porte / he came 

but ^4 spared"' downe out of his palayes and slew my father and all 32 

herself. them that were with hym except my selfe, & so 

1 did. 2 aboute. * carefully. 4 wherefore. 
6 yet. to awake. 7 Madame. 8 that 

• vpon. "> Fol. xxv. back, col. 2. 11 vnto. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xxxiiL] op sebylle his cousin. 


brought me in to this toure, where as 1 liaue bene this Ha had kept her 

captive for •even 

.vu. yere *and neuer harde one masse 1 ; & now, cosyn, years. 
I pray you what aduenture hath brought you hether in 
4 to this straunge countre 1 ' ' Cosyn/ quod he, ' sen 2 ye 
wyll knowe of myne aduenture / I shall shew you the 
trouthe / kynge Charlemayn hath sent me in message Huon teiis 
to the admyral Gaudyse in Babylon / I here hym a on his way to 
8 message by mouthe & by letters / and as my way lay I 
am come by this toure / and I demaundyd of a paynym 
who was within this toure, and he answeryd me and 
sayd how here shulde be a grete and an orryble Gyaunt 

12 who hath done myche yll 3 to them that hath passyd 

this way, and I thought to passe this way to fygbt but wui now fight 
with hym and to 4 dystroy hym, and to delyuer the giant, 
countre of hym / & I haue lefte my company hereby in 

16 a valye to tary for me' / ' dere cosyn,' quod she, ' I 

haue grete meruayll that ye wolde take on you suche a Hb cousin wam» 

* rf him that five 

foly / for yf ye were . v.C. men to gether well armyd, ye hundred men 

could not conquer 

durst not all abyde hym yf he were armyd with his her cruel matter, 
20 armure / for none can endure agaynst hym / therfore, 

cosyn, I counsell you to retourne backe agayne or he do »nd bid* him 
wake, and I shall open you the wyket so that ye shall came, 
passe out without 5 daunger.' 

24 % How the damesell, cosyn to Huon, shewed 
hym the cha/wbre where as the Gyaunt 
slept / and how he went and wakyd hym / 
and of the good armure that the Gyaunt 
28 delyueryd to Huon. Capitulo .xxxiii. 

r Han Huon had well vnderstonde y* 
damesell, he sayd, 'cosyn, know for Huon begs 

_ „ permission to see 

trouthe, or 7 I departe hense I wyU se the giant. 

what man he is / it shall neuer be 

sayd to my reproche in y e conrte of 

1 in great distresse and miserie. ' seeing. { euill. 
4 to omitted. 6 anv. 6 Fol. xxvi. col. 1. 7 ere. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. xxxiii 

Sebylle directs 
him to the giant's 

and advises him 
to kill the 
monster while 

Huon declares 
he will not be 
guilty of each 

Huon finds, 
the giant lying 
on a richly 
furnished bed. 

any pry nee / that for fere of a 1 myscreaunt I shulde be 
of so faynt a courage that I durst not abyd hym / 
certenly I had rather dye than such a faulte shuld 
come to ma' 'A, cousyn/ quod she, 'then I se 4 
wel both you and I are dystroyed / but sen 2 it ys 
thus, I shaU shew you the chainbre where as he 
slepeth / and whan ye haue sene hym yet 8 ye may 
retourne / fyrst go in to this chambre tAat y e se here 8 
before you, wherin ye shall fynde bred and wyne 
and other vytayll / & in the nexte ye shall fynde 
clothes of sylke and many ryche iuelles / than in the 
thyrd chambre ye shall fynde the .iiii. goddes of y* 12 
paynyms, they be all of fyne massye gold ; and in the 
fourth ye shall fynde the Gyaunt lyeynge a slepe on a 
ryche bed ; than, syr, yf ye 4 beleue me, 4 I wolde counsel 
you to stryke of his hede slepynge / for yf he awake ye 16 
can not skape without deth/ 'Dame/ 6 quod Huon, 
' and god wyll it shall neuer be 6 layde to my reproche 6 / 
that I shulde stryke any man with out defyaunce.' 7 
Than Huon departyd fro the lady, his sword 8 in his 20 
hande and 9 helme on his hede, and his shylde aboute 
his neke, and so enteryd in to the fyrst chambre, & so 3 
in to the secounde & thyrd, where as he saw the .iiii 
goddes. When he had wel regardyd them he gaue 24 
eche of them a stroke with his sworde / & than he 
enteryd in to y* chambre where as the Gyaunt lay 
slepynge / Huon 10 regardyd hym myche 10 / and the bed 
that he lay on, the whiche was so ryche / that y e valew 28 
therof coud not be prysyd / y* curteyns, couerynge / & 
pelous were of suche ryches that it was grete beaute to 
beholde them. Also the chambre was hangyd vrith 
ryche clothes 11 and the flowre coueryd with carpette* / 32 
whan Huon had well regardyd all this, & well aduysyd 12 

1 any. 2 seeing. 3 then. *— 4 were of my mind. 
6 Ladie. °— 6 said to my disgrace. 7 his knowledge. 
8 being. 9 his. 10 ~ 10 noted him aduisedly. 
11 Fol. xxvi. col. 2. 12 considered of. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xxxiil] how huon wakes thb giant. 103 

the Gyaunt, who was .xvii. fote of leugthe, & his body Ha was seventeen 
fornishyd therafter, & al his other membres ; but a MeoM*aepect. f 
more fouler and hydeous creature was neuer sene / with 
4 a grete hede, & 1 grete eeres, & a camesyd nose / and 
eyen brynynge 2 lyke a candell. 4 A, good lorde/ quod 
Huon / 4 1 wolde kynge Charlemayn were here to se vs 
two fyght / for I am sure than or 3 he departyd my 
8 peace shulde be made with hym. 4 A, swete vyrgyn Haonappeaia 
mary, 4 I humbly requyre the to be 6 medyatryx to thy twi^ YlTgin for 
swete sonne / to be 5 my socoure agaynst this ennemye / 
for yf it be not his 6 pleasure agaynst hym I can not 7 

12 endure.' Than Huon ferslye auansyd forth & made y* 
sygne of the crosse / castynge in his mynde what he 
myght do / for he thought that 8 yf he slew hym slepynge 
it shulde be a grete reproche to hym, & shulde 9 be sayd 

16 that he had slayne a man deed / and than 10 he sayd to 
hym selfe, 4 shame haue I yf I touche hym or I haue 
defyed hym 1 / than Huon cryed out alowde & sayd, and than anoute 

to the giant to 

4 aryse, thou hethen hounde, or 11 I shall stryke of thy ariae, 
20 hede ' / whan the Gyaunt hard Huon speke / he awoke who awake* in 
fersly, & behelde Huon, & so 12 rose vp so quykely that addrea*e» Huon 

in French. 

in the rysynge he brast 13 the bedstede that he lay on 14 / 
than he sayd to Huon / 4 frende, they that sent the 

24 hether louyd the but lytyll nor doughtyd not me.' And 
whan Huon harde the Gyaunt speke frenche he had 
grete meruayll / and sayd, 4 1 am come hether to se 
thee I & it may be so that I haue done foly ,15 / than 

28 the Gyaunt sayd / 4 thou sayest trouthe / for yf I were 
armyd as thou art .v C. men suche as thou art coude 
not endure 16 / but that ye 17 shulde all dye. But thou 
seest I am nakyd, without sworde or wepyn, yet for all Naked as he la, 

32 that I dough t the not* / Than Huon thought in hym £nJht.* Uyth# 

1 and omitted. 2 burning. 8 ere. 4-4 Lord god. 
*-* omitted. 6 thy good. 7 no while. 8 that omitted. 
9 it would. 10 whereupon. u else. 12 so omitted. 
18 brake. 14 vpon. 16 it unaduiaedly. 
18 me. 17 they. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxxiiL 

selfe that it shulde 1 be 2 grete shame to hym to assayle 
Huon oourteomiy a man without arraure or wepyn / HIhii* he sayd, ' go 
arm for fight and arme the, or incontynent I shall slee the' / 'frende,' 
quod the Gyaunt, ' this that thou sayest procedeth of a 4 
good courage and of courtesy e.' Than he armyd hym 
and tooke in his hande a greate fauchon, & Huon was 
The monster rises withdrawen in to the palayes abydynge for the Gyaunt / 

and comes to 

uuon armed. who taryed not longe, but came to Huon / and sayde, 8 
' what art thou ? / beholde me here redy to dystroye the 
without thou make good defence / yet I desyre the tell 

He asks him who me what thou art, to thentent that I may, when I haue 

he is, 

slayne tliee, tell how I haue slayne suche 5 one that by 12 
his foly cam to assayll me in myne owne palays / greate 
pryde it was in thee that thou woldest not stryke me or 6 
and is somewhat I wa s armyd, 7 who so euer thou art thou semyst son to a 

moved by Huon's 

gentle behaviour, noble man. I pray the shew me whether thou woldest 16 

go, and what mouyd the to come hether, to thentent 

that I myght knowe the trouthe of thyn enterpryse, 

that whan I haue slayne the I may make myne anaunt 

to my men that I haue slayne suche a man / that 20 

thought scorne and dysdayne to stryke me or 6 I was 

armyd. ' 'Paynym/ quod Huon / 'thou art in a grete 

foly whan thou 8 reputyst me but 9 deed. But sen 10 

Huon tells his thou wylt 11 knowe y e trouthe / I 12 she we to the I 12 am 24 

8t ° ry ' a poore knyght / fro whom kynge Charlemayne hath 

taken his 18 londes and banyshyd me out of the realme 

of Fraunce / and hath sent me 14 to do a message to the 

Admyrall Gaudys at Babylon / & my name is Huon, 28 

sonne to duke Seuyn of Burdeux / now I haue shewed 

and inquires all y e trouthe of myne enterpryse / & nowe I pray the 

adversary. tell me where thou wert borne, and who engenderyd 

the, to thentent that whan I haue slayne the I may 32 

make myn auaunt in kynge Charles courte and before all 

1 would. 8 a. 3 Fol. xxvi. back, col. 1 . 4 wherefore. 
6 a. 8 ere. 7 but 8 so rashly. 9 for. 
10 seeing. 11 wouldst. ,s ~ la omitted. 
13 mv. 14 for. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xxxiiLJ of the armour that the giant possesses. 105 

my Ireiides that I haue slayne such a greate meruelous 1 
Gyaunt as thou art/ Than the Gyaunt sayd, ' if thou 
slee me thou mayest well make thyn auaunt that 2 thou 
4 hast slayne Galaffer 3 the Gyaunt, who hath .xvii. The giant snjs he 
bretherne, of whome I am the yongest. Also thou an^iuh^ianT 
mayest say that vnto y e drye tree and to the red see / £^ MbaUiXJ 
there is no man but is trybutayr to me / I haue 
8 chasyd the admiral Gaudis, 4 whether as thou woldest 
go, 4 and haue taken fro hym by puyssaunce dyuers of He has robbed 
his Cytyes / and he doth me yerely seruage by the aamiysseofmauj 
sernyce 5 of a rynge of gold to by his hede with all. ****** 
12 Also I toke fro Oberon 6 this puyssaunt toure, that for *nd oberon or the 

a tower in which he 

all nis encnauntynge and fayrye coude not resyst me / now lives, 
aud also I tooke fro hym a ryche harnes 7 ; thou neuer and of a suit of 
hardest of suche an nother, for it hath suche vertue that 

1 6 who so euer can put it on hym 8 / can neuer be wery nor which renders its 
dyscomfytyd. But there is therin 9 another 10 vertue / his parents have 
for he that must were that harnes must be without spot Tuvuinerabie' 
of deedly synne, and also his mother must be without 

20 carnall copulasyon with any man except. with her 11 
husbonde / I beleue there can not be found any man 
that may were this harnes. 7 Also it is of suche vertue 
that who so euer hath it on his body can not be greuyd 

24 nother with fyer nor water. By mahound I haue 
prouyd it / and bycause I haue founde such courtesye 
in the that thou gauest me leue to arme me / I 12 gyue He permits Huon, 
the leue to assay e yf thou canst put on that harnes.' 7 courtesy, to 

28 13 Than y e Gyaunt went to a coffer and tooke out it5n? pttoput 
the harnes, 7 and came to Huon and sayd / * lo, 14 here 
is the good harnes, 7 I gyue the leue to assaye to put 
it on thy body.' Than Huon tooke the harnes 7 and 

1 maruaylous greate. 8 Fol. xxvi. back, col. 2. 
• Angolofer. *— 4 to whome thou saiest thou goest 
6 tender. • the Fayrie King. 7 armour. 8 omitted, 
9 in it. 10 especial 1. 11 owne. u will. 
13 in regard I know that neither thou nor any knight else 
can be able to doe it. 14 see. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxxiii. 

went backe a lytell / and dyd 1 of his owne armure / 
Huon finds he i» and tooke 2 the sayd harnes 2 and incontinent dyd 

able to wear the 

armour. it on his body / thaw hastely he dyd 1 on his 

holme, and tooke hys shelde and his 3 sworde in his 4 
hande / and deuotely thanked our lorde god of his 4 
grace. Than the Gyaunt sayd / ' by mahounde / I had 
lytell thought thou hadest ben suche a man / that 
harnes 5 becomyth the 6 well ; now 7 1 haue quyt the thy 8 8 

The giant begs courtesye that thou shewydst me / therfore I pray the 

hlra to return it _ . . _ 111 .. 1 , « , 1 1 1 

again, put of y e harnes, 5 and delyuer it me agayne / 8 * holde 

thy tounge,' quod Huon ; 1 god confounde the, it is nede 
for me to haue suche armure 9 / kno we for trouthe I 12 
but Huon refuses, wyll not render yt agayne for .xiiii. of the best cytyes 
betwene thys and Parys ' / ' frende,' quod the Gyaunt, 
Gaiafre is ' sen 10 thou wylt not render me agayne the armure, I am 
and bids Huon content to let thee departe quyte 11 without 12 hurte or 16 
HeTromises hira domage / and also I wyll gyue the my rynge of golde, 
also a golden ring, ^ e wn iche the admyrall Gaudysgaue me / for I knowe 
well it shal 13 stonde the in good stede yf thou thynkest 
which can alone to f urnyshe thy message / for whan thou comyst to the 20 
Mtry h to°the ,a * gate of his palays, and say how thou art a messenger 
ffSaJy 1 on P J Rlace sent fro kinge Charles / thou shalt fynde .iiii. gates, and 
at euery gate .iiii. porters / so that at the fyrst gate, yf 
it be knowe n thou be a frenche man, one of thy handes 24 
shal be cut of / and at the seconde gate thy other 
hande / and at the thyrde gate one of thy fete / and at 
y* fourth the other fote / and than shalt thou be 
brought before the admyrall, and there thy hede stryken 28 
of / and therfore, to scape these parelles and to 
furnysshe thy message, and to thentent that thou 
mayest surely retourne / gyue me agayne my harnes, 6 

1 put. *— 2 that belonging to the Gyant. 

8 his omitted. 4 this great. 6 armour. 6 exceeding. 

7 Fol. xxvii. col. 1. 8 thy omitted. 

9 — 9 'Not so, sir, by your leaue,' answeared Huon; 'this 
armure is meeter for me than such a Hel hound as thou art, 

10 seeing. 11 hence. 12 any. 13 will. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xxxiv.] how huon dons the giant's armour. 107 

and I sbal gyue the my rynge of golde / the whiche but before he give 

• tii i * l * llm once 

whan thou shewyst it thou shalt he reseyuyd vrith more begs Huon 

grete honour at euery gate, and than thou mayest goo armour. 
4 and retourne surely in 1 the palays at thy pleasure, and 

no man to let the / for yf thou haddest slayne ,v .C. 

men there shalhe none so hardy 2 to touche the nor to 

do the any yll yf thou hast this rynge vpon 8 the / for 
8 whan I haue nede of men or mony I can not lacke yf 

I sende this ryng for a token / therfore I pray the let 

me haue agayne my names.' 4 

% How Huon slew the grete Gymnt I and 
12 how he called Gerames & his company to 
hym, & of y* ioy thai they made for the 
deth of 5 the Gyaunt. Ca. xxxiiii. 

.Han Huon vnderstode y e paynym he 

1, 'A, thou fel & false deseyuer, Huon reproaches 

know for trouthe yf all y e prechers twa2heiry, Wlth 
hetwene y e Est & the west preched J^ chaUengM 
to me a hole yere, & that thou woldest 
20 gyue me al that thou hast, & thy rynge ther with, I wolde 
not render agayne the good harnes 4 that is now on my 
body / fyret I shall 6 sle the, & than as for thy rynge that 
thou praysest so 7 sore, than 7 I wyl 8 haue it, whether thou 
24 wylt or not' / whan y e Gyaunt had well harde Huon, 
& sawe that he 9 in no wyse coude gette agayne his 
harnes, 4 he was than sorowfull / and also 10 he sawe how 
Huon reprouyd hym / therwitft he was so sore dys- The giant grow* 
28 pleasyd that his eyen semyd like .ii. candelles byrn- * ng,7, 
ynge 11 / than he yet demaundyd of Huon yf he wold 
do none other wyse. 'no, trewly/ quod Huon, 'though 
thou be greate & stronge / I haue no fere of y e , sen 12 ' 
32 I haue on this good harnes, 4 therfore in the name of 

1 to. 8 as. 3 about 4 armour. 6 Fol. xxvii. col. 2. 
• omitted. 7-7 much. 8 likewise. 0 he after wyse. 
10 because. 11 burning candels. 12 seeing. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxxiv. 

Mid the fight 

Galafre's first 
stroke misses its 
aim, and his 
weapon is fixed 
fast in a pillar. 

While he tries 
to release it, 
Huon strikes oh 
his hands. 

The giant cries 
aloud and flees 
before the knight. 

Sebylle, roused 
from her chamber 
by the shouting, 

meets Oalafre 
running, and 
flings a staff 
between his legs, 
so that he (alls. 

Huon comes up 
with him 

and strikes off 
his head, 

which is so 
heavy that he 
cannot lift It up. 

god & of his deuyne puissaunce I defye the' / ' & I 
the,' quod 1 Gyaunt / ' for al 2 thy harnes 2 thou, canst not 
endure astaynst me ' / than y e Gyaunt aprochyd to 
Huon & lyft vp his fauchon, thynkirtge to haue stryken 4 
Huon 3 / but he fay led ; 4 y e stroke glent, & the fauchon 
lyght vpon a pyller & enteryd in to it more than .ii 
fote / than Huon, who was quycke & lyght, behelde 5 y e 
meruelous stroke, quyckly he 6 stept forth with Lis 8 
good sword in his handes, regardyng how the Gyaunt 
had his fauchon stycking fast in the pyller / he strake 
y e Gyaunt on both y* armea nere to his handea in such 
wyse that he strake of both his handes, so that they 12 
with y e fauchon fell downe to the erth / whan y* 
Gyaunt felt hyr~ selfe so sore hurte, for 7 payne therof 
he gaue a meruelous crye, so horryble as though all y* 
toure had fallen to y e erth, werof y e dameseli Sebyll, 16 
beyiige in her eharabre, was sore abasshyd / she went 
out of her chambre & founde a staffe by the way. She 
toke it vp in her handes, <fc came to the palays where 
as she harde y* 8 crye, & met y e Gyaunt fleyng away 20 
to saue hyselfe / but y e dameseli well adusyd whan 
she sawe tlmt he fled / she caste y e staffe betwene his 
leges, so that therby he fell to y* erth / & Huon, who 
came alter hym with his sworde in his hande / he hastyd 24 
hym, & gaue y* Gyaunt many a grete stroke / & the 
Gyaunt cryed out so hye that it was 9 grete meruayle 9 to 
here hym / than Huon lyft vp his sworde & gaue hym 
suche a stroke in the necke that his hede flew to the 28 
erth ; than Huon wypyd his sworde and put it vp in 10 
the sheth ; than 11 he cam to y' hede, thinkynge to haue 
taken it vp 11 to haue set it on the heyght of y e 
toure / but the hede was so grete & heuy that he 32 
coude not remoue it nor tourne his 12 body ; than 

1 the. 2-3 the armour. 
6 beholding. 6 omitted. 7 with. 

very terrible. 10 to. 

3 him. « for. 
8 Fol. xxvii. back, col. 1. 
11 and. » the. 

Digitized by 


he 8myled & sayd, 'A, good lorde, I thanke y* of 
thy grace 1 to haue 1 gyuen me y e puyssaunce to sle such 
a creature ; wold to god that this body & hede were 
4 now in the palays of Parys before Charlemayne, 
kinge of fraunce, so that he knewe that I haue slayn 
hym ' / than Huon went to a wyndow & lokyd out & From a window 

' . . 1,1 i , o Huon call, to hie 

sa w where his company were / than he sayd to them, a 2 company. 
8 hye, 1 syrs, come vp heder ; ye may do it surely, for this 
palays is wonne / and y e Gyaunt slayne* / whan Gerames 
& 3 Garyn & the other harde that they were ioyfull & 
thanked our lorde god / than they cam to y e gate / & 
12 sebyll, y* damesell, went thyder & openyd y* wycket, Seby iia ^oiMsna 
wherby the enchauntement fay lied / than they enteryd t° 

6 foolowyd y e damesell, who brought them in to y e 
palais to Huon. 4 whan they saw hym they all wept for 

16 ioy / & enbrasyd & kyssyd hym, & demaundyd yf 

he had any hurt / ' syrs,' quod Huon, ' I thanke god I HuonteiiaM* 

J ' J ' 1 ' ° friend! how hi la 

fele no hurt ; ' & than he brought them there 6 as y 6 unhurt 
gyaunt lay deed / whan they saw hym they had 

20 meruayle how he coude be slayne by Huon ; they were 
afrayed to se hym lye deed / than Gerames demaundyd 
of Huon what was the damesell that was there / than* 
Huon shewyd how she was his cosyn, & shewyd them 

24 all y* maner how she cam theder, wherof they had 
greate ioy & enbrasyd her / than they all vnarmyd 
them 6 & went to supper, & ete & dranke at there andthajmp 

together merrily. 

7 pleasure / but there ioy enduryd not longe, as ye shall 
28 here 8 after. 

How Huon departyd fro the castell of 
the Gyaunt, & toke leue of his company & 
went alone a fote to y e see syde, where as he 
32 fouflde Malabron of that 9 fayre, on whom 
he mountyd to passe the see. Ca. xxxv. 

1-1 that thou hast % on. 3 & omitted. 4 and. 6 where. 
6 selues. * Fol. xxrii. back, col. 2. 8 heare. 9 the. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxxv. 

E haue hard here before how Huon 
conqueryd y e Gyau/zt, the which was 
grete ioy to al his company / than the 
next day Huon called 1 al his company 1 4 
& said, ' syra, ye know well y e enter- 
prise that I haue taken on me to do touchi/ige y* 
admyrall Gaudys / therfore it is corzuenyent that as 
shortly as I can to do my message that I am chargyd 8 
Huon wds hia by kinge Charles to do to y* admyrall Gaudys, wherf ore 

company remain 

with the damsel I desyre you al to kepe good and trew company with 
while lie proceed* this noble damesell / & also I requyre you to tary 
ir h^TOmes not me here .xv. dayes, & than yf I retourne not go 12 
dHJ a theyareau you al in to fraunce, & take this noble damesel with 
France™ t0 vou > & salute fro me kinge Charlemayn & all the peres 
of fraunce, & shew them the hard aduentures that I 
haue had, & how I am gone to performe hys message '/ 16 
whan his company vnderstode that he wolde departe 
they were sorowfull, & sayd / ' syr, ye desyre vs to 
tary you here a .xv. dayes / knowe for trouthe we shal 
They declare they tary here fore you an hole yere.' ' syrs/ quod he, ' I 20 

w ill tarry for him J J J J * ^ ' 

a whole year. thanke you ' / than he made hym redy to departe, & 
armyd hym, & tooke his cuppe & home, & also y* 
Gyaunte* ringe, the whiche he dyd 2 put aboute his 
arme / & than he kyst his cosyn & al y e other / and 24 
they all made gret laraentasyon for his departyng / 
than they went vp in to y e palais & lokyd out at y* 
wyndowes after Huon as long as they myght se hym / 

Hnon take* leave Huon went forth tyll he cam to the se syde, y e whiche 28 

or them, 

and goes to the was not farre f ro y e castel, & there was a ly tell hauen 
where as al waves 8 lay sum maner of shyppe or 
wessell to passe ouer y* see / & whan Huon cam 
thether 4 he had grete meruayle, & sayd, 4 ' A, good 32 

them all together. * did. 
8 was wont to. 

*—* though nowe at this instant there was none at all. 

Finding no means for passage, be said. 


Digitized by 


Ca. XXXV.] op obbron's strange messenger to huon. Ill 
lorde, what shal I do thai I can fynd here no bote He sees no vessel 

to take bim across 

nor 1 vessell to passe in? / alas, in an yll owre I slewe these*, 
* Chariot, wherby I am 8 in daunger ; howbeit I dyd it in 
4 4 my 4 defence : grete wronge 5 kiwge Charles hathe done and lament* his 

hard fate, 

to banyshe me out of myne owne countre ' / grete 6 com- 
pleynte* made Huon there, beynge alone, & began sore 
to wepe / & 7 sodenly on his ryght hande he saw a grete when he sees an 
8 be est come swymmyng towards hym / lyke a beer / swimming 
Huon behelde hym & made on his hed 8 a sygne of y* 
crosse / & drew out his sword to defende hym selfe, 9 
thynkyng y e beest wolde haue assayled hym / but he 
12 dyd not / but went a lytell of fro Huon, & shoke hym 

selfe in such wyse that his skyn fell of, and than he whose skin fails 

m o - _ , _ off and reveals a 

was as fayre a man & as well fourmyd as coude be handsome man. 
seen / than Huon had grete fere & meruayle / whan he Hnon It stricken 

16 saw that this beest was become a man, 10 he aprochyd asks him who 1 "* 
nere to hym, and demaundyd what he was, & whether he he *"* 
were an humaine creature or elles an yll speryt that was 
come theder to tempt hym / & sayd, ' ryght nowe thou. 

20 dydest swym in y* see, & trauesyd y e grete waues in 
gyse of a meruelous beest ; I charge thee in y e name of 
god 11 do me no hurt / and 7 shew me what thou art / 12 I 
beleue thou art of kynge Oberons company ' / ' Huon/ 

24 quod he, ' dysmay thou not, I knowe the ryght well ; 
thou art sonne to 18 y* noble 18 duke seuyn of Burdeux / 
noble 14 kynge Oberon hathe sent me to thee / ones The man replies 
15 1 16 brake Ids commaundement, wherfore he hath con- sent htm, and 

28 dempnyd me to be this .xxx. yere lyke a best in y* w^ai^taa 0 ' 
see.' ' frond/ quod huon, ' by y e lorde that fourmyd me fa 50 f or thirty 
I wyll trust tJiee tyll I be passyd y* red see ' / ' Huon/ J h ~^. beMtof 
quod Mallabron, ' knowe for trouthe / I am sent hether 

32 for none 16 other thynge 17 / but to bere the wheder as 18 He is to bear 

' _ , Hnon whither 

thou wylt / therfore make y e redye / & recommaunde he win. 

1 or. 8 Fol. xxviii. col. 1. 8 thus still. 4—1 mine owne. 
6 therefore. 8 These and the like. 7 but. 8 himselfe. 
• as. 10 yet 11 thou. u for. w- 18 omitted. 
14 Royall. u it happened me to. 16 no. 17 cause. 

Digitized by 



His name it 

He enter* the tea 
and sesames 

Huon leape on hie 
back and travels 
swiftly up the 

At length he 
reaches land. 

Malabron says 
that to serve him 
he will have to 
remain a sea- 
monster for ten 
years longer. 

thy selfe to y e saue garde of oure lorde Ihesu Cryst, & 
than let me alone ' / than Mallabron enteryd agayne in 
to y e beestys skyn / & said to huon / ' sir, mount on 1 
my backe.' 4 

% How Huon passyd y e see vpon Mallabron, 
who bare hym to Babylon / & how Huon 
cwn to y° fyrst gate, & so to y e .ii. 

Ca. .xxxvi. 8 

Han Huon saw y* beest enter agayne in 
to his skyn, & that he taryed for 2 / 
he made y* signe of the 8 crosse. And 
prayed god to saue & condute hym, & 1 2 
so lept vp on hym ; & y e beest enteryd 
in to y e see, & swamme as fast as though a byrd had 
flowyn, so that witJi in a shorte spase he trauessyd y* 
grete ryuer of Nile, the whiche coramyth fro paradyce, 16 
the 4 whiche is a daungerous ryuer for the grete 6 multy- 
tude of serpents & cocodrylles that be ther in / how 
be it there were none that dyd hym any trouble / than 
whan they caw to lond, Huon was joyfull / than 4 20 
Mallabron sayd / ' ryght derely shall I abye the tyme 
that thou wert borne, or that euer I knewe the ; for 
thentent to do the pleasure I shal endure yet .x. yere 
lyke a beest in the see, & .xxx. yere I haue 8 so all 24 
redy, so that 7 is in al ,xl. 8 I haue grete pyte of thee / 
for there is no maw borne of a woman that knoweth y* 
yll & pouerte that shall fall here after to thee / & I shall 
suffer myche for the loue that I haue to thee ; howbe it 28 
I shal take it in pasyence / yonder thou mayst se y* 
cyte whether ^ou woldest go, morouer, thou knowyst 
what hath ben commaundyd thee / & what thou hast to 
do, & yet what so euer fall, breke not y e cowmaunde- 32 


1 him. 3 Fol. xxviil col. 2. 

6 omitted. • been. 7 my time. 

4 and. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xxxvi.] op huon's arrival at babitlon. 


ment of kiwge Oberou / & alwayes be trew & say y e He warns Huon 

to obey Oberon's 

trouthe, for as sone as thou makest any ly thou shalt command, and 

, . - . „ never tell a lie. 

lese 1 the loue of kmge Oberon / thus god be with the, for 
4 I may no lenger tary ' / thus 2 he went agayne in to the 
see, & Huon taryed there alone, recommaundynge hy?w- 
selfe to our lord god, & so toke the way to the cytye / Huon goes toward 

, , 0 the city of 

& so 3 enteryd in without let of any maw : as 2 sone as Babylon, 
8 he was enteryd, he met a .M. payne?Ms goynge a hawk- and meets many 
ynge / & a nother .M. comiwge homwarde / & a .M. oonntry on their 

several errands. 

horses let to be new shode / & a .M. corny nge fro 
shoynge / than he sawe a .M. men plaing at the chesse 

12 & a nother .M. that had played & been matyd / 
& a nother .M. talkircge & deuysinge with the 4 dame- 
selle* / & a nother .M. comiwge fro drinking of the 
admyralles wyne, & a nother .M. goiwg thether / whan 

16 huon al armyd had gone a grete spase in the cyte he 
had grete meruayle of that he had seen & 5 met 6 so 
myche 6 people / 7 he studyed theron so mych that he The knight 

m . .m , i o .i , studies the 

forgot the gyaunte* rynge on his arme / & the men that strangers* aspect, 
20 he mett had grete meruayle 8 of hym to se hym go al gTant^rmg. 1116 
armyd a fote / 9 he went styll forth. 10 Alas, y* 11 vnhappy 
Huon, that coulde not remembre the Gyaunte* rynge 
aboute hys arme, for lake of remewbraunce therof / 
24 he suflferyd after so myche trouble that ther is no 
humayne tounge can tell it, as ye shall here 12 after. At 
last he cam in to a grete plase before y e fyrst gate of The first gate of 
the palays, where as there stode a grete vyne tree set reached? 8 U 
28 vpon brycke pyllers of dyuers coulours, vnder y e 
whiche y* admyrall Gaudys one day in the weke wolde 
come thether, & wold gyue audyence to al sewters. 
whan Huon had regardyd al this / he cam to y e fyrst and Huon caiu to 

° J ' J J the porter to 

32 gate of y* palays ; than 13 he cryed to y e porter & sayd / open it. 

1 loose. 8 So. 3 there. 4 omitted. 6 that he had. 
such multitude of. 7 And. 8 Fol. xxviii. back, col. 1. 
9 and yet 10 forward. 11 poore. 12 here. 
13 and there. 




[Ca. xxxv i. 

In answer to the 
man, Huon says 
he is a Saracen, 
and thus gains 

When he comes 
to the second 
gate, tiie knight 
bethinks him of 
the lie he has told, 
and how he has 
broken Oberon's 

To the second 
porter he shows 
the giant's ring, 

and is at once 

and to the keeper 
of the third gate 
he does the same, 

' frende, I pray the open the gate.' than 1 the porter sayd 
with a good wyll / ' yf thou be a sarazyn thou shalt 
enter.' Than Huon as vnaduysyd, 2 without 2 thinkynge 
on kynge Oberons co?nmaundement, or of y 45 gyaunte* 4 
ri?ige about his arme, the whiche yf he had shewyd 
forth he shold not haue nedid to haue made any ly. 

Han huon 3 harde the paynym demande 
whether he were a sarasyn, 4 he sayd, 8 
' ye ' / than the porter sayd, ' than 
may ye surely enter* / so Huon 
passyd the fyrst brydge & gate / 
and whan he came to the seconde he remembred hym 12 
selfe how he had broken kynge Oberons commaunde- 
ment / wher w/t& he was so sorowfull at his herte that 
he wyst not what to do, and sware than that he wolde 
neuer lye more / than he toke the rynge in his hande 16 
and came to the secounde gate, and sayd / to the 
porter, 'thou vylayne, he that on the crosse dyed 6 
confounde the / open this gate / for I must enter ' / 
whan y e porter harde hym speke so fersly, he sayd / 20 
4 how is it that the fyrst porter was so hardy to suffer 
the 6 to enter in at the fyrst gate? ' * I shall shew the,' 
quod Huon / ' seest not thou this rynge, the whiche is 
a token that I may passe and go where as me lystT / 24 
whan the porter harde hym and saw the rynge, he 
knewe it well, & sayd, 'syr, ye be welcome / how 
f ayreth y* lord 7 that ye come fro 1 ' Huon, who wolde 
not lye, passid the brydge and gaue no answer, & so 28 
cam to y* thyrd gate / 8 the porter came to hym, and 
Huon shewyd hym the rynge / than y e porter lette 
downe the brydge and openyd the gate, and with greate 
reuerence salutyd Huon and sufferyd hym to passe / 32 
whan Huon was thus passyd the thre br[y]dges, than he 

1 And. 
8 hee had. 

2-2 and forgetting himselfe, and not once. 
4 or no. 6 died after that. 0 omitted. 

7 Fol. xxviii. back, col. 2. 

8 where. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xxxvii.] how huon passes through the pour gates. 115 

remembred how he had made a lye at the fyrst bridge / 

and sayd to hymselfe, ' Alas I what shall become of Huon fears 

_ . iiii^ i Oberon'a wrath. 

me, sen 1 1 haue so lyghtely broken my promys to hym 
4 that hathe done so myche for me 1 / alas ! I forgat y° 
ring that was aboute myne arme. how be it, I trust 
that Oberon wyll not be dyspleasyd for it, sen 1 I dyd it 
not wylfully, but that I forgat it / I trust he wyll take 
8 no more regarde to this dede then he dyd whan I blew 
the home without any cause ' / thus Huon passyd the 
thre gates of the palys. 

% How Huon passyd y e fourth gate, & how 
12 he cam in to the garden, where as was y 6 
foutfteyne, & of that 2 he dyd there. 

Ca. .xxxvii. 
» Haw Huon saw 3 he was 4 passyd the .iii. 

16 jfllltfll^ftlf gat€£, he passyd 5 y e fourth gate Wl'tft Huon reaches the 

y e rynge in his hande / for he mette ° urt 
vfith no man but that 6 dyd hym 
honour whan they saw y e ryng / than 
20 he sayd to y e fourth porter, * thou vylayne porter, 7 god 
curse thee, 7 open the gate ' / when y e porter harde hym 
he had grete meroayll / & sayd, ' what art thou that 
art armyd & spekest so fersly to me ? Lay away thyne 
24 armure, & thaw shew me what thou art, & whether 
thou wylt go / for, armyd as thou, art, it is not possyble 
for thee 6 to enter / shew me by thy fayth how hast 
thou passyd y e .iii. other brydges ' / than Huon sayd, 
28 'holde thy peace, paynym. I am a messenger sent fro Hetciiahowhe 

haa come from 

noble kynge Charlemayne / & whether thou wylt or Charlemagne, 
not, I wyl passe this way & go to y* palays to y e 
admyrall Gaudys / there is nother thou nor none 
32 other caw 9 let me. beholde this tokew that I shew 
thee.' the paynym knew it anone, and lete down 

1 seeing. 2 which. 3 that. 4 had. 6 went on to. 
• still. 7—7 I charge thee foorthwith. 8 omitted. 8 shall. 

I 2 

Digitized by 



and at the sight 
of the ring the 
porter opens 
the gate. 

The man says 

that the Admiral 
will receive Huon 
right royally 
when he sees 
that token. 


[Ca. xxxvii. 

Huon goes 

himself with the 
lie he told at the 
first gate. 

He enters the 
Admiral's garden. 

In its midst was 
a fountain which 

cured the sick 

and made the old 
young again. 

1 the bryge, and openyd the gate, and kneled doune 
& kyssyd & enbrassyd Huons 2 legge / desyrynge 
hym of 3 pardon in that he had causyd hym to tary so 
long / ' paynym,' quod Huon, ' good day mayst thou 4 
haue.' 'Syr/ qiiod the porter, 'ye may go to the 
admyrall, who wyll make you good chere & grete 
honour, nor 4 there is no thynge that ye can desyre but 
it shalbe grauntyd to 5 you / ye, & 6 it be his all onely 8 
doughter, for loue of y* lorde fro whom ye brynge this 
rynge to 4 a token ; and, syr, I requyre you how doth 
the lord Angalaffer? comyth he hether or not?' 
' porter/ quod Huon, ' yf he come hether, all y e deuyles 1 2 
of hell must brynge hym hether ; ' & therwith he passeth 
forth without any mo wordes / but he sayd to hym 
selfe, ' a, good lorde Ihesu Cryst, helpe & ayde me in all 
my besynes / I was temptyd with an yll 7 spryte whan 16 
I made a 8 lee at y e fyrst gate / I dyd it by lyghtnes of 
courage and 4 lake of remembraunce, wherof I am now 9 
ryght soiye 1 / Huon thus beyng in dyspleasure wtt/< 
hym selfe for the lye that he 10 made, went forth tyll 20 
he came to the palays, and enteryd in to a fayre garden 
wherin the admyrall tooke often tymys his pastaunce, 11 
for there coude no tree nor freute nor flower be wyshed 
for but ther they myght be fouwd, both in soraer & 24 
wynter / & in the myddes of this garden there was a 
fayre founteyne co?«mynge out of y e ryuer Kile that 
commyth from paradyce, the whiche founteyne as tha?* 
was of such vertue / that yf any sycke man dyd drynke 28 
therof, or wasshyd his bandes & face, 12 incontynewt 18 
shulde be hole / & also yf a man had bene of grete age 
he shulde retourne agayne to the age of .xxx. yere / 
and 14 a woman 14 to become as freshe & lusty as a mayde 32 
of .xv. yere / this founteyne had that vertue 15 y e spase 

1 Fol. xxix. col. 1. 2 his. 8 of him after pardon. 4 for. 
6 vnto. • if. 7 euill. 8 the. • omitted. 10 had. 

18 he. 14 - 14 old women. u by. 

11 pastime. 12 therin. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xxxvii.] of his arrival before the palace. 117 

of .lx. yere / but .x. yere after that Huon had ben 
there that 1 was dystroyed and broken by y® Egypsyence, 
who made warre to 2 the admyrall thai was as than in 
4 Babylon. 8 And whan Huon had wasshyd his handes Huon washes his 

o „ 0 . . hands and drinks 

& face in y* founteyne, & dronke of y e water / he of the fountain, 
behelde the palays, & thought it meraellously fayre / 
& whan he had well regardyd it, he saw a lytell besyde 
8 the founteyne a grete serpent, who kept the founteyne, which is kept by 

a serpent that 

to the ente?it that none snulde be so hardy to drynke destroys ail false 
nor 4 touche the founteyne / for yf a traytore or any man 
that hath falsyd his fayth dyd touche it he coude not 

1 2 scape wt'tAout deth / but whan the serpent saw Huon, 

he inclynyd hymselfe without makynge of semblant to But it does not 
do hym any yll / than 5 Huon sat downe by the foun- touch 11,6 knight * 
teyne & began 6 peteously to wepe, 8 & sayd, 'a, good 

1 6 lorde, without thy socoure it is impossy ble for me to 

departe bense alyue. A, noble kynge Oberon, forsake Huon prays to 

r . Oberon for help, 

me not now in this nede / for the trespas that I haue 
done ought to be forgyuen me, sen 7 I dyd it neclygenly 

20 for lake of remembraunce / certenly I wyll knowe yf 
for so small a cause ye wyll leue me / wherfore, what 
so euer fall, I shall proue & assay to know y e trouthe ' / 
than he toke his home & blewe it so fersly / that kynge and Mows his 

24 Oberon harde it, beynge in bis forest / & whan he hard The fairy hears it, 
it he sayd / ' A, good lorde/ 6 quod he, 5 ' I here the false wmnotrawow 
knyght blow his home, who settyth so lytell by me / £m lied? h * 
for at the fyrst gate that he passyd 8 he made a false 

28 lye / by y e lorde that formyd me, yf he blowe tyll y e 
waynes in his neke 9 brest a 9 sonder, he shall not be 
80couryd for me / nor for no 10 maner of myschyefe that 
may fall to hym/ Than Huon, beynge in y e garden, 

32 blew so sore 11 / that y e admyrall, who was set at his The Admiral and 

' * * ' his attendants 

dyner, rose fro y e borde with all his lordes / & al hear the blast 

1 it. 2 on. 3 Fol. xxix. col. 2. 4 or. 
6 omitted. greeouslye to lament. 7 seeing. 

" * A 11 lowde. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxxvii. 

while at dinner other ladyes & dameselle8, knyghtes & squyers / boyes 

within the palace, '° i * / * 

and begin to & squylyons of y e kechyn / & all other came in to y* 
dance and eing. p a i a y a ^ yC admyral, & began to damwe & synge & 
made grete ioy. the sorer 1 that Huon blew his home, 4 
y 6 more they daunsyd & sange. And whan Huow left 
blowynge, than y e admyrall called his barons & com- 
The Admiral maundyd them to be armyd / and sayd, 2 ' syrs, go in 

aaterte that some ,. J , „ / / J ' \ ' ° 

enchanter ha« to this gardyne, for suerly there is sum enchaunter / 8 
into the garden, therfore take hede that he skape not, and brynge hym 
aervanu And him alyue to me, for I wyll know of hym the cause why he 
Into ^"presence. na ^h done this dede / for yf that he eskape he shall 3 do 

vs more yll* / whan Huon had blowyn a longe spase 12 
and saw no body come to hym, he was sore abasshyd. 4 
than he began to wepe, 5 and sayd, * A, good lorde god, 
now I se well myn ende aprocheth, when kynge 
Meanwhile Huon, Oberon fayleth me, in whom I haue all my trust in lyfe 16 

perceiving Oberon 

wm not listen to and deth. A, dere lady mother, & brother Gerardyn, I 
grieve* overhia shall neuer se you more. A, noble kynge Charle- 
deeertion. ma yne, grete wrong ye haue done to me thus to 

banyshe me with out deserte / for that / that I dyd, 20 
was in my defence / god forgyue it you. A, kynge 
Oberon, well thou mayest be reputyd for an vnkynde 
creature, thus to leue me for on smal faulte. certenly 
yf thou be a noble man I hope thou wylt pardon me / 24 
at leste I put all to god, & to hym I submytte me 6 & 
to the blyssyd vyrgyn niary his mother. 0 And what so 
euer fall, I wyll enter in to the palayes and do my 
message that kynge Charlemayn hath commaundyd me 28 
to do ' I so he made hym redye and departyd fro the 
founteyne / thynkynge he shulde fynde the admyrall 
at dyner at that owre. 7 

1 more. 2 Fol. xxix. back, col. 1. 3 will. 4 and. 
h lament. omitted 7 time. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xxxviii.] how huon first essays to fulfil his mission. 119 

% How Huon came in to the palayes and dyd 
his message to the admyrall / & how he 
slew many paynyms / and 1 after 2 taken 
and set 3 in pry son. Ca. xxxviii. 

Han Huon had ben a certen spase at 
the f ounteyne / he departyd all armyd 
& mountyd vpe the grese 4 of the Huon at length 

mounts the steps 

palayes the same tyme the admyrall leading into the 


had causyd .ii. of his priwcypall 
goddes to be set in y e myddes 5 of the palayes, rychely 
besene, 6 & before them two grete torches byrnynge 7 / so 
12 that no sarasyn passyd by them but made to them 
grete reuerence / and 8 Huon passyd by them and wolde 
not ones loke on them, nor speke to no man that he He speaks to no 

i i m .* i i no -i ro»n as he walks 

mette / wherof they had 9 grete meruayll, & sayd in. 

16 one to another, so that Huon 10 harde them / 11 one of 
them sayd, 11 ' I beleue this man that 12 thus enteryd in 
to y e palayes all armyd is sum messenger sent fro sum 
greate prynce to y e admyrall ' / & than Huon sawe a Bea^e tbe^ 

20 paynyra kynge" spekynge to y e admyrall / & 12 was paynimking, 
newly come to y* admyrall, by cause that same day y" 
admyrall Gaudys shulde haue delyueryd to hym his 
doughter, y* fayre Esclaramonde, in maryage / & Huon who has come to 

woo the fair 

24 saw wel how he was y e gretest prynce that as than was Esciarmoude. 
there witA y e admyrall / thaw Huon sayd to hymselfe, 
' A, good lorde, yf I acquytte my selfe trewly to kiwge 
Charlemayn / I must slee this paynyn kynge / I 

28 thynke it be he that I loke for, sen 13 he syteth so nere 
to y* admyrall / god confound me but incontynewt I 
u stryke of his hede / 16 thaw let our lorde Ihesu Cryst 
do with me at his pleasure ' / than Huon came nere to 

32 y e table / & drew out his sword, & there with gaue 16 the 

1 was. 8 afterward. 3 put. 
6 Fol. xxix. back, col. 2. 6 adorned. 7 burning. 
8 but. 9 all. 10 easily. omitted. ™ who. 

13 seeing. 14 will. 16 and. 16 Fol. xxx. col. 1. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxxviiL 

Huon draws his 
•word and strikes 
off the monarch's 

The Admiral 
orders Huon's 

He is attacked on 
all sides, but his 
armour protects 

He shows the 
ring to the 

who, on seeing it, 
bids no man lay 
hand on the 

and tells him he 
may do in his 
palace what he 


Huon kisses 

sayd kynge suche a stroke that his hede fell on the 
table, so that the admyrall was therwith all blody. 
Thaw Huon with a hye voyce sayde, 'A, good lorde, 
what a good begynnynge is this / the rest I remyt to 4 
our lorde Ihe*m Cryst, whom I requyre to ayde me to 
parforme y e reste of myne enterpryse / in this poynt I 
haue nere quytte my selfe agaynst kynge Charlemayne.' 
Than the admyrall sayd to his barons / ' take this man 8 
that hath done me this offence as to murder this kynge 
syttynge at my table / yf he escape, loke me neuer in 
the face ' / than the paynyms assay Uyd Huon on all 
sydes, and cast at hym &axtes & swordes to haue slayne 1 2 
hym. But his good hemes 1 sauyd hym fro the deth / 
& with his sworde he slew many a fell 2 paynym, so 
that none durst aproche nere hym / whan he saw that 
he was sore opressyd, he tooke his rynge 3 of his arme 16 
& cast it on the table before the admyrall, & sayd / 
* syr admyrall, be ware on payne of thy lyfe of doynge 
to me any hurt or domage, by this token that I shew 
the * / whan the admyrall saw the rynge, he knew it 20 
well / than he began to crye / that no man shulde be 
so hardy as to touche hym that hath slayne the paynym 
kynge / than 4 euery man let Huon in rest / wher of he 
was ryght ioyfull / than he sayd to y' admyrall, 1 Syr, 24 
I wyll fro hense forth 5 thou do as I cornmaunde thee ' / 
' frende,' quod the admyrall, ' thou mayst do in my 
palayes what thou wylt / what soeuer thou commaunde 
shalbe done, no man shall say the contrary.' Than 28 
Huon saw where his doughter, y e fayre Esclaramonde, 
sat by her father ; thaw 4 Huon went to her / & kyst her 
.iii. tymys before her father, wher of 6 the damesell was 
sore abasshyd ; but she saw hym so fayre, & felte his 32 
mouth so swete / that she thought, without she myght 
haue hym to her louer, she sholde dye for sorow / so 
that she chaunged couloure & blusshyd as ruddye as a 
1 armor. 2 bolde. 3 from. 4 and. 6 that. 6 at 

Digitized by 


Ca. xxxviii.] op the admiral's wrath on hearing huon. 121 

rose / 1 whan Huon had kyssyd y e lady / thaw he we?it 

to the admyrall, & sayd / 'syr admyrall, know for Misaddressing 

J ' i .the Admiral, says 

trouthe 2 I am crystenyd / & am a messenger sent fro that cimriemagne 

✓Ml 1 1 hj,S 86111 ,,im » 

4 noble kynge Charlemayne to the / by cause there is no 
prynce, crysten nor hethen / but that obeyeth his 
commaundenietttes, except thy selfe, therfore by me he 
sewdeth thee worde / that sen 3 the dolowrous day of and nniese the 
8 batayll at Konceuall, 4 where as he lost his .ii. neueWSG / him fealty and 
Rowlaunde & Olyuer, he neuer sens assembled so the Em^rorwin 
myche people as he wyll do this next somer to come htm Vmfa P °" 
vpon thee, both by water and by londe, without thou 

12 wylt beleue in y e law of Jhesn Cryst; therfore, yf thou 
wylt beleue me, be cristened or 5 this myschiefe 6 fall 
vpon the.' « Speke no more of that* quod y* admyrall / The Adminu 
' for I had rather be hewen and slayne than to leue rchrisUai^ 001 " 6 

16 my law to 7 beleue vpon thy god.' 'Syr admyrall/ 

quod Huon, 'more ouer kyng Charles co?wmaundeth Huon teiis him 

all else that 

y* to sende hym an .M. sparhawkes, 8 .M. goshawkes, Charlemagne 
8 .M. beeres, & a .M. wayters enchaynyd together ; 8 .M. 

20 yonge varlettes, 8 .M. fayre dameselles / and also a 
handfull of thy berde, & .iiii. of thy grete teth.' ' A,' 
quod y* admyrall / 'I Be thou arte hardy & outragyous 
to demauwd of me this that thou hast sayd. And also 

24 I haue grete raeruayll of thy mayster that he is so 
foolysshe 9 to commauwde me by thee to send hym my 
berde & grete teth /or 10 this tyme he hath sent me mo Tho Admiral 

_ _ . warns Huon that 

than .xv. messengers, & hath demaundyd parte of this 11 fifteen envoys 
28 thou spekest of / but all .xv. hath ben hangyd, & 12 mawn^h^ik* 1 ™ 
thou art come by thy foly, u shalt make 13 the .xvi. But havo 
by reason of the ryng that thou, berest we dare not J^},.* 1 hlB 
touch thee. But I pray the, 14 by the fayth & law that 
32 thou art of, shew me what dcuell hath gyuen thee that 
rynge ' / than Huon, sore abasshyd as he that dorst not 

1 Fol. xxx. col. 2. 2 that. 3 since. 4 Ronceuaux. 
5 else. 6 will. 7 and. 8 a. 9 ay. 10 before. 
u that. 12 nowe. l 3— 13 to make up. 14 therefore. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxxviii. 

seize Huon. 

A fierce fight 
takes place. 

Huon sets his 
back to an arch 
in the wall and 
defends himself 
like a wild boar. 

make a lye, for fere of kynge Oberow, sayd / * str, 1 for 
dought of the, nor 2 of no 3 pay new here, I wyl not 
spare to shew the y e trouth. know well 4 tJiai wiHi 
this good sworde I haue slayn y e lord Angolaffer y e 4 
gyaunt* / whan 5 the admyrall harde that, he sayde to 
his lordes, ' Syrs, loke that this ribauld 6 skape not, 
for by al the goddes that I beleue on, I shal neuer haue 
ioy in my herte tyll 7 I se hym taken.' Than paymyms 8 
and sarasyns on all partes assaylled Huon / whan he 
saw that, he recommaundyd hym selfe to our lord god ; 
he 8 thought he shulde neuer se fayre daye more / and 
so with his sworde in both hys handes he defendyd 12 
hym selfe nobly in sleynge and cuttynge of handes / 
armes / and fete / of the sarasyns, & of maney he made 
the braynes to fly abrode on the payment. Grete orrour 9 
it was to behold / for by reason of his good harnes 10 16 
there was no paynym coude do hym any domage / but 
they gaue hym way, nor durst aproche nere hym. 
Huon beynge full of yre, as he fought, he sawe on the 
one syde of the palayes an arche in the wall, & so, euer 20 
styll fyghtynge, he drew thether, & set his backe to the 
arche, to thentent that none shulde come behynd hym / 
there he faryd lyke a wyld bore in y* wood, & de- 
fendyd hymselfe in suche wyse, that whom so euer he 24 
towchyde with a full stroke, had no nede after of any 
surgyon / thus along spase Huon enduryd, & had no 
grete domage. 11 But the force of y e paynymes was so 
grete that it was not possyble for hym to susteyn 28 
longe / & 12 he waxyd so wery that his strokes fleblyde / 
often tymes he called apon god 13 & on the vyrgyn 
mary 13 / & on the other parte the admyrall cryed to his 
men & sayde, * a, ye feynt hertyd knaues, 14 greate shame 32 
it is to you all that one man shall so longe endure 

1 not 2 or. 3 any. 4 then. 6 Fol. xxx. back, col. 1. 
6 villaine. 7 vntill. 8 and. 9 terrour. 10 armour. 
11 harme. 12 for. 13 — 13 omitted. 14 slaues. 


agaynst you all, 1 that ye can nother take hym nor sle 
hym* / than the paynymes, whan they harde the 
admyrall so dysprayse them / they came in a grete rage 

4 all at ones vpon Huon, where as he was alone vnder 
the arche. than a paynym who was neuew to the 
admyrall, cam vpon Huon; 2 whan Huon saw hym 
aproche, he lyft vp his sworde & gaue 3 the paynym 4 on Hesiaysthe 

8 the helme 4 suche a stroke that he claue his hede to the nephew, 
brest, and ther with his sworde fell out of his handes / 
and another sarasyn tooke it vp / than all the sarasius Huon is at length 

_ _ _ . overcome by 

at ones ran vpon Huow, & tooke hym, and so 5 tooke weariness, and \% 
1 2 fro hym his home and cuppe, and dyd 6 of his harnes 7 / 
whan he was vnarmyd, the sarasyns behelde hym well, 
and many sayde how they neuer saw so fayre a man 
before, affermynge that yf al frenche men were such as 
1 6 he is, 1 there were no kircge able to resyste them. 

% Of the grete compleyntes that Huon made 
beynge in pryson / and how the adrayralles 
doughter caw to coraforte hym / & how she 
20 departyd not well content with Huon. 

Capitulo .xxxix. 

Han Huon was dysarmyd, y° paynews He is brought 
tooke & brought hym before the 

Admiral, who asks 
, hi i . • t n i his barons what 

admyrall, who was ryght loyfull whan punishment he 
he sawe Huon, and called his barons, 8hould 8Uffer ' 
8 and demaunded of them what dethe 
the caytyff shuld dy that had done them suche domage 
28 as to sle one of his moste puyssauwt kynges, and also 

his nepheu, besyde many other, then they all answered ah are in favour 

r J J " of immediate 

with one voyce, that he shulde be slayne all quycke 9 death, 
incowtynent / then stept fourth an olde auncyent 

1 omitted. 2 but. 3 Fol. xxx. back, col. 2. 
*-* after stroke. 5 then. 6 put. 7 armour. 
8 Fol. xxxi. col. 1. 9 aliue. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xxxix. 

except an aged 
councillor, who 
reminds the 
Admiral that on 
this dny.according 
to their law, none 
ought to die at 
their hands, and 
advises that 
Huon should be 
respited for a 

The old man 
asks whether 
Huon ought not 
to be thanked for 
the death of the 
giant Angoiaffer 

Huon is led off to 

He reproaches 

admyrall of .vi. score yeres of age, and 1 was of the 
admyralles preuy councell, and 2 sayd, 1 sir admyrall, ye 
may not do thus for the loue of this good day, the 
whiche is of y e fest of saynte Iohnw / accordyng to our 4 
law, ther ys none ought to dye on that day / but, syr, 
respyhgt his lyfe for a hole yere, the which 3 shalbe 
the fest of your goddes : on that day ye ought to de- 
lyuer .ii. 4 Champyons to do with them your sacrefyce ; 8 
lett this man be one / and another shall 5 come be 
that tyme ; and whiche of tho .ii. champyons be ouer 
come, ye shall make your sacrefyce to your goddes 
of hym ; thus ye promysed your goddes to do the fyrst 12 
day that ye toke on you the sygnyory of Babylone / 
and, syr, yf it were not for that this man hath slayne 
one of your kiwges & your nephew, ye ought not to slee 
hym, but rather to thanke hym / for by hym the man 16 
6 in the worlde 6 that ye ought moste to hate is slayne, 
that 7 was the gyant 7 Angoiaffer, for 8 now by his deth 
ye are out of all seruytude and bondage, and by hym 9 
sett at lyberte ' / when the Admyrall gaudis had well 20 
herde the paynem, he sayd, 'sen 10 it is so that ye gyue 
me this counsell / and that of ryght myne aunseters 
hath 11 acustomyd the same, I wyll not do the contrary, 
but it shall be as ye haue sayd/ then was Huon led 24 
with .iiii. paynems to a darke preson, & the Jayler 
was commaunded to gyue hym mete & drinke suffycyewt / 
when Huon saw how he was in preson, he was ryght 
sorowfull, and began to remembre the noble duches hys 28 
mother, and Gererde his brother / and sayd, ' a, Oberon, 
how is it that 12 thou art soo vnkynd & outtragyous to 
me / for so ly tell 13 14 offence to suffer me 16 endure this 
greate mysery, for I knowe well it is not vnknowen to 32 
thee that the offence that I haue done was but alonely 16 

3 and then. 

1 who. 2 he. 

after hate. 7-7 is. 
10 seeing. 11 haue euer. 
14 Hoi. xxxi. col. 2. 

4 .xi. 


8 and. 9 this man. 
12 omitted. 13 an. 
w to. w only. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xxxix.] how esclarmonde has pity on him. 


by forgetfulnes.' Now lett vs leue spekynge of Huon, 
and speke 1 of the fayre Esclaramonde, doughter to 
the admyrall. when she saw it was nyght, & she all 
4 a lone in her bedde / she remembered the frenche 
knyght who had kyssyd her .iii. tymes in y e presence 
of her father, and she was in greate sorow by cause he Esclarmonde 

i i.i I*,.. i laments Huon's 

was sett 2 in presone, and sayd to her selfe, 'without he imprisonment, 
8 were a knyght of grete enterpryse he wolde neuer haue 
ben so hardy to haue done as he hath done this day 
in dyuers maners ' / wherfore she sayd he was well 
worthy to be belouyd & socoured / then incontynent 

12 she rose & made her redy / and praiely she toke a andsecreUyat 
torche of wax in her hand and lyghted it, & yssuyd toward the"" 
out of her chaumbre as preuely as she coulde : it was pri " on " 
abought mydnyght, and euery man was aslepe in the 

16 palayes. she went stray te to the proson, and came 
at so good a tyme that she found the Jayler 8 aslepe / 
then she stole awaye the kayes, and wente <fc openyd the 
p?*feon dore; and 4 when Huon saw the candel 6 lyght 

20 & y* dore of the prison open, he was in grete fere leest 
they wold take hym out to put hym to dethe, or to 
do hym sum 6 dyspleasure / then 7 he began to make 
pytyfull complayntes / the lady, who could well speke 

24 frenche, vnderstode all Huons complantes, and re- 
memberyd his name, bycause the day before she had 
harde hymselfe shew her father hys name, then she 
sayd, 'Huon, dysmay the 8 not; I am Esclaramond, 

28 doughter to y e Admyrall, whom, this day passed, thou 
dyd kys .iii. tymes in the presence of my father ; if it 
be so that thou wylt f ullfyll my wyll, I shall put to my 
payne 9 to delyuer the out of prison / for I am so she confesses to 

32 10 amorouse of 10 thee that euer sen 11 thou dedest kys me for him. 
I haue had none other thought nor ymagynacyon but 

1 say somewhat 8 put 3 fast 4 But 6 torch. 
6 other. 7 whereupon. 8 omitted. 9 endeavour. 

10-10 affectionate towards. 

11 since. 

126 huon op burdeux. [Ca. xxxix. 

onely on the and 1 to brynge the out of y e daunger 
2 that thou art in.' ' Dame/ 3 quod Huon, ' god rewarde 
you 4 of the 4 greate curtesaye that ye wold do to 6 me; 
Huon remind* but, fayre lady Esclaramond, ye be 6 a sarazyn, and I am 4 
■he is a Saracen, crystened. trew it is, in that I dyd kys you, 7 was by 
the coramaundement of kyng Charlemayne, who sent 
and he ought me hether, 8 but or 9 elles I had rather to haue bene here 

never to have . 

approached her. in perpetuall pryson / then to haue touched eny parte 8 
of your flessh 10 or mouthe as long as ye be a saryzyn.' 
'Huon,' quod the lady, 'sen 11 thou art of that mynd, 
thou shalt end thy dayes here in preson myserably, nor 12 
neuer trust me, for 13 yf I can, I shall cause y e derely to 12 
aby the refuce 14 that thou haste made me.' Then the 

Eeciarmonde lady Esclaramonde departed fro the pryson and came 

departs in wrath, 

and bids the to the Jayler, and awoke hym, & sayed, ' frend, I charge 

gaoler keep hie . , . . . . . . , . , „ 

prisoner three the on payne of thy lyfe / that to this frenche prisoner 16 
w drink. h ° Ut f00d within thy kepynge, that 15 these iii dayes and .iii. 

nyghtes thou gyue hym nother mete nor drynke. 1 
'Dame/ 3 quod the Jayler, 'your commaundemente 
shall be fulfylled.' then y* lady for dysplasure wente 20 
agayne to her bed ryght pensyue and full of fantesyes / 
The request is & Huon was .iii. dayes & .iii. nyghtes without mete or 

obeyed, and Huon 

fears he wiu die drynke, & on the .iiii. day he say d, all wepynge, 16 ' A, 
sustenance. good lorde, I see well I muste 17 dye for hungre ; I 24 
humbly require the to ayde & socoure me, and graunt 
me the grace that I 18 consent nor do eny thynge that 
shuld 19 be ayenst thy pleasure, or ayenst thy holy law, 
for ony trybulacyon that can cum to me' / Thus this 9 28 
noble Huon coraplayned all wepynge 16 ; 12 there is 20 no 
creature that had harde hym but 21 that shuld 21 haue 
ben parte takers of his greate sorowes. 

1 how. 8 Fol. xxxi. back, col. 1. 3 Madame. *— 4 for your. 

6 vnto. 6 are. 7 but that. 8 bo to doe. 9 omitted. 
10 bodie. 11 seiDg. 12 and. 13 but. 14 refusall, 
15 for. 18 sorowing. 17 heere. 18 neither. 
u shall. » was. n ~ n he would. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xxxix[a].] how she saves his life. 127 

% How Huon made grete cowplaintes for the 
famye that he endured, and how the fayre 
Esclaramonde came 1 to cowforte hym so 2 
that Huon wolde fulfyll her desyre. 

Capitulo .xxxix[#]. 5 

pHus, as ye haue herd before, Huon 
complayned peteusly, for he had ben 
.iii. dayes and .iii. nyghtes without 
sustenauwce. 5 y e lady Esclaramonde, Esciarmonde 

, , 0 visits the prison 

who caused it, euery mornynge & day by day, 
euery euenynge came 6 to the pr/son to here what 
12 Huon wold say, and euer she would demaunde 7 Huon 
yf he were eny other wyse aduysed to answere her 
or not, & euer she founde hym at one poynte / and 8 
at the last, when she saw that, 9 then she demaundyd of and promises to 
1 6 hym / 10 yf she delyueryd hym out of preson yf 11 he would if he win uke 
then promyse her to lede her with hym into Fraunce, & to to France, 
take hyr to his wyf when he cam ther. « yf thou wylt her hl> 

promyse me this,' quod she, ' thou shalte haue mete & 
20 drynke suffycyent at thy pleasure.' 'Dame/ 12 quod 
Huon, 'I promyse you faythfully, 13 though I shulde be 
for euer dampned in hell, 13 I shall do your pleasure, 
what so euer fall 14 to me therby' / * then know for 
24 trouthe/ quod the lady, 10 'for the loue of the I wyll she is willing to 
become crystened & beleue in the law of our 16 lord christian. 
Ihe*u / Cryst as sone as we come in 16 eny place where as 
it may be.' 17 Huon thanked her / 6 then she causyd Huon thanks her, 

_ _ , , , . # / and agrees to all 

28 hym to haue mete & drynke, wherof he was loyf ull / her plans. 

1 ag&ine. 2 conditionally. 

3 The original has two chapters numbered xxxix. 

4 Fol. xxxi. back, col. 2. 6 and. 

6 before first euery ; second euery omitted. 7 of. 
1 But. 0 he still continued in that minde. 
10 that. u whether. 12 Madame. 
13-13 that upon your forsaking Paganisme, and conuersion 
to our christian faith. 

14 happen. 16 the. 16 to. 17 done. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. Xl. 

then 1 she callyd y e Jayler & sayd, 'go thy way in haste 
Eadarmonde teiu to the Ad my rail my father, and shew 2 hym how 3 the 
to hwflShw, 80 frenche knyght is deed .iii. dayes past for 4 feblenes and 
HnontodMd. hungre ' / 'Dame/ 5 quod the Jayler, ' I am redy to do 4 
your commaundeme7lt, , & so he wente to the Admyrall 
& sayd, 'bit, the frewche knyght that was in my 
kepinge ys deed for 6 famyn .iii. dayes past.' 1 a,' 7 quod 
the Admyrall, ' I am sory therfor ; but sen 8 it wyll be 9 8 
none other wyse I must ouer 10 passe it, but I had rather 
that he were aliue.' & thus, as ye haue harde, Huon 
was respyted 11 from the 12 deth / 18 it is a cowinien 14 
sayeng, 3 one day of respyte 15 is worth 16 .c. yere. 17 then 12 
The gaoler wrvet the Jayler returned to the preson vnto the lady, and 
lurike^tfw shewed her what he had saed to the Admyrall / 1 well, 
fiend,' quod the lady, 1 if thou wylt be secrete I shall 
make thee 18 ryche for euer as 19 to ayde me in such thinge* 16 
as I wolde haue' 20 / 'Dame,' 21 quod he, ' to dye in the 
quarell I shall do you scruyse suche as ye commaunde 
me, the fere of deth shall not lett me to do it.' Now 
lett vs leue spekyng of Huon, who was often tymes 20 
vysyted with the Jayler, and had all thynges as he 
desyred, and was well lodged at his pleasure / 1 Lett vs 
now speke of Gerames & of them that were vn'th hym 
in the castell of the gyant. 24 

% How Gerames & his company deperted fro 
the towre, & the damesell with them, and 
cam to babylon, & of the maner that 
Gerames held 22 to know sum newes of 28 
Huon. Capitulo .xl. 

1 and. 2 tell. 3 thai 4 through. * Ladie. 6 by. 
7 Alas. 8 seeing. 9 be after otherwyse. 
10 ouer after it 11 deliuered. u omitted. 

13 for. 14 but a very true. 16 deliueranoe. 
16 a. 17 of endurance. 18 Fol. xxxii. col. 1. 
19 helping. 20 thee. n Madame. 
22 vsed. 

Digitized by 



haue herd here before how Huon For three months 

Gerames and hie 

deperted fro the towre of the Gyant, company tarry 

0 . . for Huon In the 

and lefte there Gerames & all his giant's tower, 
company, with the damesell his 
cousyn. they taryed theyr .iii. 
monethes, and neuer herd eny thynge of Huon, wherof 
they were sorowfull / and 1 went fourthe 2 in a 2 moren- 
8 ynge& came to the sees syde, to se yf they myght here They go to the 
eny worde 3 of ther lorde Huon ; and as they lokyd in newt of him, 
to 4 the see they ppyed a shyppe charged with .xxx. wnTsaraoena 116 * 1 
paynemes and grete ryches / then 6 Gerames saw how **** up * 
12 the shipp was commynge to that porte / then* he sayd 
to his company, 'syrs, lett vs go and se yf we can 
know eny tydynges of Huon by them * / then they 
went to the port, & by that tyme 7 the maryners had 
16 caste ther ancre / then Gerames demanded of them 
whense they were, & whether they wold go. 'str,' 
quod they, ( we wolde go to the Mesqiw to paye to The Toyagers are 

come to pay their 

Angolafer, the grete gyant, a trybute that we are yearly tribute to 

the giant* 

20 bound euery yere to paye / and, 8 syr, we desyre you to and ask Gerames 
shew vs wher we myght 9 fynde hym 1 / and when fad i!im. V m * y 
Gerames saw how 7 thy were all alonde out of the shyp, 
he sayd, 'a, ye vnhappy paynems, ye shall neuer Gerames replies 

24 departe hens, for he that ye demaunde for is deed / an? that hi. 
and all ye shall bere hym good 10 company/ than Safat?* 11 

U Then Gerames sayd to his company, ' syrs, let all 
these paynems be slayne ' / & then incontynent they au the paynims 

28 sett vppon them, so that all the paynems were slayne, although they 
not one that 10 scaped a lyue / for the crysten men were ar * nnarnwd - 
armyd, and the paynems without harnes 11 or eny wepyn / 
for other wyse they durste not cum alowd for fere of 

32 the gyant then Gerames entred in to the shyp and 
toke all that they founde theyr, and bare it into the 

1 They. *- 2 one. 3 newes. * vpon. 

6 and. 6 wherfore. 7 that. 8 therefore. 

9 Pol. xxxii. col. 2. w omitted. 11 armour. 

Digitized by 

130 HUON OF BURDBUX. [Ca. xl. 

towre / & then they wente to dyner, and made grete 1 of 1 
that aduenture, and after dyner Gerames sayd, ' syrs, yf 
we were now in Fraunce, and 2 kynge Charlemayne dyd 3 
demaunde of vs what is become of Huon, ye know well 4 
ther is none of vs can tell whether he be alyue or 
deed / for yf we shulde say 2 he is deed / & 4 after warde 
returne home, then we shulde be reputed for false men 
euer after, bo the we and our chyldren / 6 a man may be 8 
a presoner .xiiii. or .xv. yere, and yet come home agayne 
Gerames advisee at the last safe and sounde / But, syrs, and ye wyll 
eau^th h wm*in beleue me, we shall do lyke trew men / we haue as 
the Saracens ship, nQW ^ p 0r t ft g 00( j ghyppe, well furnesshyd with 12 

euery thynge / and we haue here gold and syluer 
plenty / and we shall sone vytell our shype / and then 

and seek out lett vs take the see, & neuer rest saylyng tyll 6 we here 

sum newes of our lord Huon / and yf we do thus, then 16 
we do as trew men ought to do / and I desyre you all 
euery man shew his aduyse ' 7 / then, without takyng of 

aii agree to follow any longer respyt, they answeryd all with one voyce 

his counsel. , '* «• • % 

that they were redy to accumplesshe all that he had 20 
They fit out the deuysed : then 8 they tooke gold and syluer, and all ther 

ship for the 

voyage, ryches, and bare it in to the shyppe, & furnysshed it 

with wyne, bysket, salt flesshe, 9 and artelery / and 
when ther shypp was garnysshed, they put in theyr 24 
horses & ther armure / & they all .xiii. companyons 
entred in to the shype, and the damsell with them, then 
they wayed vp ther ancres & hawsed vp ther sayle, 
and so lefte the towre of the Gyant all voyd, and no 28 
and sau into the man therin, & thus they sayled alonge the cost tyll 6 
reach Damietta. they came into the hye see, and so long they sayled tyl 
passing up the they came to Damyete / & there they entred into the 
they arrive at ryuer of Nyle / and so longe they sayled therin / that 32 


they aryued at Babylon, and came to the port, and 

ioy for. 8 that. 3 should. * he. 

4 for. 6 vntill. 7 herein. 8 8o. 
0 Fol. xxxii. back, col. 1. 

Digitized by 


tooke out theyr horses. Gerames, that knew well the 
lawgage and the maner of the enterynge in to 1 y* .iiii. 
gates, sayd to his company / c syrs, lett vs lepe 2 on our They dieembark, 
4 horses, & let vs enter into y e cyte to se yf we may Seirhoml^ridc 
here eny newes of our master Huon.' thus they rode through th * eity ' 
fourthe & entred in to the cytye / 3 then gerames sayd, 
' syrs, we wyll go to the palayes, but when we come Geramet, 
8 there holde you all your pease, & suffer me to speke, knowifof the 
wherfore it is conuenyent that ye all agre to my promUeTtoiead 
wordes, and say not the contrary ' / they answeryd and t ^££° 
sayd they were contente so to do / 8 thus they rode 
1 2 togyther through the towne. ' A, good lord/ quod 
Gerames, ' I beseche the of thy grace to graunt vs that 
we may here sum good tydynges of our mayster, Huoh 
of Burdeux, for whojra we be in iuberdy of dethe* / so 
16 they passyd all the .iiii. brydges and gates, by reason He induce* the 
thai Gerames shewed fourth suche reasons thai the S^h^pSSI 
porters were content / then they came before the greate ^tgnltl^ *° 
hall, and theyr they alyghted, and mounted vp all ^mourned, 
20 .xiiL, and the damsell with them ; and when they were 

in the hall they saw the Ad my rail gaudys syttyng on together enter 

a ryche chayre, garmysshed with gold and presyous the Admiral. ° f 
stones / and Gerames that coulde well speke the langage Qeramw aaintea 
24 8arazin, 4 caw before y e Ad my rail and sayd / ' the same swwentongue. 
Mahounde 5 that causeth 6 to grow 6 y e wine and y e7 
corne saue and kepe ye Admyrall gaudys, whom 8 1 se 
theyr syttynge amonge his barons 1 / ' Fronde,* quod the 
28 admyrall, * thou art welcom. I pray the shew me what 

thou art, & whether thou wouldest go ' / ' syr/ quod He foigna himaeif 
Gerames, 9< I shew 9 you playnely I am come from the ivoryn, 
good cytye of mombraunte, and am sonne to kyng J^^d^o?* 
32 yuoryn.' when the Admyrall hard that / he rose vp on Mombr * ont ' 
his fete and sayd, 1 thou art welcome, the sonne of my whereupon the 

Admiral bids 

brother / fayre nepheu, I pray you shew me how dothe him i 

1 all. 2 mount. 8 &. 4 after langage. 6 god. after come. 
7 omitted. 8 Fol. xxxii. back, col. 2. 9 ~» to tell. 

K 2 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xL 

mi brother yuoryn ' / ' syr/ quod Gerames, ' when I 
departyd fro hym I lefte hym in good helth, and he 

Gerames to be 
hit nephew. 

oenunes pretend* saluted you by me / and hath sent here to you .xii. 

that the twelve ' 

Frenchmen with frenchemen by me, the which were taken vppon the 4 

him have been 
sent by Ivoryn 

to be imprisoned 
by the Admiral 
his brother. 

see as they were goynge a pylgrymage to the holy 
sepulcre of god 1 iu Jeruzalem / and he desyreth you to 
put them in preson vnto 2 the day of saynt Johnn the 
Baptyst, at whyche day ye must make the fest of your 8 
goddes / and then to brynge them into the medow here 
without, and to 3 tye & bynde them to stakes, and lett 
your archers shote at them, to the entewt to know who 
shoteth best / and 4 this damsell that is here with me / 12 
she to be put to your doughter to teche hyr to speake 
perfeyghtly the language of f renche ' 6 / ' fayre 
nepheu,' quod the Admyrall, 'as 6 ye haue deuysed 6 yt 
oerames is given shalbe done / and I giue you powre to coramaund euery 16 

com man d of . 

everything in the thyng in thys house at your pleasure, and I pray you 
Admiral s house, me w fc a t y 8 your name ' / ' syr,' quod he, * I am 

callyd Jeracle ' / ' well,' quod the Admyrall, ' fro hense 
furthe I retayne you to be as my chefe chamberlayne, 20 
and I wyll that ye haue the kaye of the preson in your 
kepynge, and therin to put these caytyues 7 and to do 
with them at your pleasure. 8 1 wyll ye loue them but 
a lytell 8 / but let them haue mete & drynke suffycyent 24 
that they dye not for 9 famyn / as but late 10 dyed a 
frenchemara that was sent to me by kynge Charles of 
Fraunce, who was callyd Huon of burdeux, the whiche 
was a ryght fayre yonge man.' 28 

and is named 
his chief 

Gerames thus 
takes charge of 
his companions. 

The Admiral 
warns him not 
to starve them, 
as Hnon of 
a recent prisoner, 
was starved to 

Gerames Is angry 
and grieved at the 
Admiral's words 
Huon's sad end, 

Han Gerames herd that, he had before 12 neuer 
18 so grete 13 sorowe at his herte / for 14 his dyspleasure and 

1 Christ. * vntill. 3 there. * as for. 
*— * french language. he hathe appointed. 7 captiuea. 

8-8 extend vnto them what kindnesse you please. 
• with. 10 lately. 11 Fol. xxxiii. col. 1. 
18 after neuer. 13-13 greater. 
14 then (hearing of the death of Huon). 

Digitized by 


yre 1 was so gret that he hadde nere hande rynne vpon 
y* Admyrall / and he was so angry 2 in his herte 8 that 
he toke vp a stafife that laye by hym, & gaue eche of but not to excite 
4 the frensshe men such strokes on theyr hedes that the i^radgfis the 
blode ranne downe, but they suftred it, and durst not Freuchmen * 
styre, they were in such fere of the Admyral / but 
then 4 cursed Gerames for his strokes / who dyd it for 
8 the nones. 5 And when the Admyrall saw how he had 
well beten y* frensshemen he sayd, ' fayre nephew, it 
seinyth wel by you that ye loue 6 but lytell 6 these crysten 
men.' ' Syr/ quod he, * I hate these crysten men more 

1 2 than ony men in the worlde / for, syr, all the way that 
I haue come I haue thus betten them thre tymes in 
euery day in the honor of my god Mabounde, and in the 
dyspyte of the 7 la we 8 of Jesu chryste, 8 on whome they 

16 beleue.' thus then Gerames departed fro y e Admyral / 
& lede with them the .xii. Frenche prysoners / betynge 
them tyll he came to y* pryson / and none of them 
durste speke one worde / but to them selfe they cursed 

20 Gerames. And as they went to 9 y e pryson warde 10 they EscUnnonde 

meets Gerames 

met with the lady Esclaramond / and she sayd, leading his 
' cosyn / I am ryght ioyous of your comyng / but yf I ^J^^^ ioM to 
durst trust in you / I wolde shewe you a secrete mater / 

24 so that ye prorayse not to dyscouer me'/ ' cosyn/ 
quod Gerames / ' by my faythe that I owe to my god 
Mabounde, ye maye well shewe me youre wyll & 
plesure / for 11 myn eyen 12 to be drawen out I shall neuer 

28 dyscouer you.' & when the damsell herd that promys / 

she sayd / 'fayre 13 cosyn, it is a .v. monthes passed 14 / s '»« Gerames 

_ ~ _ _ . . _^ _ how, although 

theyr cam to my fader the Admyrall a Frensshe the Admiral 

_ believes Huon 

knyght with a message fro kyng Charlemayn, who dead, he is still 
32 called hymselfe Huon of Burdeux / 15 who, when he had 

1 anger. 2 vexed. 3 mind. 4 they. 6 nonst. 
6-8 after men. 7 their. • 8-8 and God. 
• towardes. 10 omitted. 11 if. la were. 
13 Deare. 14 since. 16 Fol. xxxiii. col. 2. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. Xl. 

Gerames fears she 
has deceived him, 

and says nothing 
to her. 

He sets the 

Frenchmen in 

Huon could not 
see them through 
the darkness of 
the prison, 
hat he hears one 
of them making 
complaint of his 
hard fete. 

Huon knows 
from their speech 
that they are 

done his message / he slew a paynyra kynge as he sate 
at the table by my fader / & after came and kyst me 
.iii. tymes 1 / & after 2 slew many 6arazins / wherfor at 
last he was taken prysoner & set 3 in pryson, where as 4 
he is yet / howe be it, I made my fader byleue that he 
is deed for 4 famyn ; 6 how be it, 5 cosyn, he is as yet 
6 on lyue, 6 as wel serried of mete & drynke as my 
fader is/ 8 

WHen Gerames vnderstode y e damsell Esclara- 
mond / he was bothe sorowfull & angry / for 
he thought the damsell dyd it to dysceyue him, & to 
cause hym to shew forth the secretnes of hys mynde / 12 
& by cause 7 of that 7 doute 8 he passed forth & made no 
maner of answere to the damsell / but came to y* 
pryson, & put in the prysoners rudely ; & the damsell 
returned ryght sorowfull in that she had shewed so 16 
muche of her mynd to Gerames, whom she toke for her 
cosyn / when Gerames had set 3 the .xii. frensshemen in 
pryson, he returned ryght sorowful / & Huon, beynge 
in the pryson, had grete meruayle what prysoners they 20 
were that were let downe in to the pryson / 9 he coulde 
not se them, the pryson was so derke / then he drew 
nere to them to here them ppeke / so 10 at laste one of them 
began to make his complaynt, & sayd / ' a, good lorde 24 
Jesu cryst, socour vs, for thou knowest wel this that we 
suffre we haue not deserued it, 11 but it is for y e loue of 
our yong lord, Huon of Burdeux / we haue loued hym 
so well that no we we be loste for euer / 12 dere lorde 28 
Jesu cryst, haue pyte on our soules 12 ' / when Huon 
herde what they sayd / then he knewe well 2 they were 
crystened & frensshe men / 9 then he coueyted moche to 
know what they were, & so aproched nere to them & 32 

1 before my Fathers face. 2 that 3 put. * with. 
6-6 yet, deere. 6—6 aliue and. 7—7 he was in. 
8 thereof. 0 for. 10 and. 11 omitted. 
12 except, deere Lord, thou haue mereie vppon vs. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xl.] 



sayd / 'syrs, ye that be here, I pray you she we me and uks them 

how they came 

what ye be, & how ye be come hyder* / 'syr, quod thither, 
one of them, 'trewe it is a 1 fyue monthes passed theyr They teu their 


4 departed from vs a yong knyght, with whom 2 we 
departed 3 out of the real me of Fraunce / and he was 
borne in Fraunce, and sone to a noble Duke / called 
duke Seuyn of Burdeux / this knyght slewe Charlet, 
8 sone to the 4 kynge Charlemayne, by a mysaduenture, 
wherfore he was banysshed out of y e realme of 
Fraunce / & sent by kynge Charlemayne to doo a 
message to the Admyrall Gaudys, who 6 is deed in 

1 2 prysow, as it is shewed vs / &, syr, we went 3 to seke for 
him, and are betrayed by one of our owne company.' 
& 4 when Huon herde hym speke / he knewe hym well, 
& sayd / ' syrs, be of good comforte & make good chere, 

16 for I am here, 4 Huon, safe & in good helth, thanked and Haon reveaie 
be god & the Admyralles doughter / who is so amorous 6 
of me that she hath sauyd my lyfe / ye shall see soone 
how she wyll come & vysyt vs, 7 But I pray you, syrs, 

20 what is become of the 4 old Gerames / whyther he be 
lefte behynde to kepe the toure with the damsell my 
cosyn, who I lefte in your kepynge 9 I 4 syr/ quod Tiwy bitterly 


they, ' a wore creature, 8 more vntrue 8 traytour was Gerames* 


24 neuer borne / for he hath betrayed vs & hath beten treachery, 
& put vs in this 4 pryson / & as for y e damsell, she 
is with the Admyralles doughter 9 / when Huon par- 
ceyued that all they were of his company / he went & 

28 kyssed 9 them, & sayd, * syrs, knowe of a surety that all but Huon teiu 

them that 

that Gerames hath done is 10 to the entent to delyuer vs oenunee ie 

seeking by euch 

all / 11 1 knowe so well 11 the trouth of Gerames. Syrs, devices to uve 
make good chere / for as soone as nyght cometh we 
32 shal be vysyted with grete ioye ' / ' syr/ quod they, 

1 that. 2 Fol. xxxiil back, col. 1. 8 came. 4 omitted. 
6 and he. 0 enamoured. T me. *~ 8 or more false. 
9 embraced. 10 done, 
u— u ou t 0 f prison. I doe so well know. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. xlL 

'surely we byleued that Gerames had forsaken the 
faythe of Iesu 1 Cryst A 2 become a sarazyn / for he hath 
made the Ad my rail byleue that he is sone to his 
brother, kynge yuoryn of Montbrant.' when Huon 4 
herd that, he had grete ioye at his herte, & sayd / ' a, 
good lorde, the trouth of Gerames and loue that he 
hath 8 all wheres 3 shewed to me / shall be to vs ryght 
profy table in y e spyte of 4 Oberon, who hath forsaken 8 
5 me for a small offence / by Gerames we shal be 
delyuered out of this pouerte & daunger.' Now leueth 
thystory* to speke of Huon / & his company, beynge 
in pryson, & 7 speketh of 7 the olde Gerames, who 12 
etudyed 8 for the delyueraunce of Huon & his company. 

% How Gerames and the fayre Esclaramonde 
wente to the pryson to comforte Huon & 
the other prysoners. Cap. .xli. 16 

Owe sheweth thystory 6 when that 9 
Gerames was returned to the Ad- 
myrall he sayd / ' syr, y e frensshe- 
men that I brought are faste in 20 
pryson and well beten* / 'fayre 
nephew/ quod the Admyral, ' they haue had but an 
euyll neyghboure of you/ Then Gerames wente in to 
oenunet studies his chambre and study ed how he myghte furnysshe 24 

how he may send 

foodtohie these 10 prysoners with vytayle / & dyde so mocne that 
and at length goes he had suffycyent / and when nyght came he went 
theprieon?* 6 ^ * with, his vytayle to the pryson / for he myght do there 

what he lyst, for euery man was redy to do hym 28 
1I seruyce / when he came to the pryson dore / he sent 
euery man away and taryed there alone / and he had 
not ben there longe but that 12 thyther came 12 the 

1 emitted. 2 was. 3 — 3 alwaies. 4 king. 

6 Fol. xxxiii. back, col. 2. 6 the Historic. 
7 returneth to. 8 and practised. 9 before when. 
10 the. 11 any. 1J — u came thether after (laughter. 

Digitized by 




Admyralles doughter / when Gerames saw her he wyst Esciarmonde 

meeta him at 

not what to thynke / and 1 sayde, 1 fayre cosyn, I praye the door, 
you shewe me what doo ye here at this houre ' / * dere 
4 cosyn,' quod she / * the grete truste that I haue in 
you / hathe made me to come hyther / hy cause to 
daye I dyscouered to you al my secretes, and 2 that I 
am in wyll to do / & that is, 2 that ye wolde leue the and begs that he 
8 law of Mahourcde & receyue the crysten fayth / & I 8 to the release of 
go 4 in to frauwce 6 with these prisoners, & we shal well s^th^sheand 
fynd y e maner how to departe, & we 6 shall haue 6 with to^ra^ 1 *^ 11 
vs all the prysoners that ye haue put in pry son.' together. 
, Hen Gerames vnderstode 8 y e lady he 
was 9 ioyfull / for then he knewe well 10 
she wente not aboute to dysceyue 11 . 
hym / but that she dyd it of good 
16 ^^S^^S^V corage 12 & good wyll that she bare to 
Huon / how be it, he thought 10 he wolde not dyscouer 
hymself e to her vnto 18 y e ty me he knewe y e trouth of 
Huon / then 14 he answered fyersly 15 the damsell, 16 & Gerames affect. 

' anger at 

20 sayde, ' 0 thou fals & vntrue wenche, 17 how arte thou EsciarmondVs 

treachery against 

so hardy 18 to speke or thynke thus? / surely the Admy- her father, 
rail thy father shall knowe it as soone as he cometh 
out of his chambre, & then shalt thou be brint, 19 
24 and the frensshemen hanged ' / ' a, 20 syr,' quod she, 

' yet I pray you let me go in to the pryson with you, But she begs 

permission to pay 

to the entent that I may se Huon ones yet or 21 1 dye / one visit to Huon, 
for the loue of whom I am content to dye ; if he dye 
28 I wyl not lyue one day after / therfore let me ones 

take 22 leue of him.' ' Dame/ 23 quod Gerames, 1 for this Gerames 


tyme I am content that ye go with me * / then Gerames 
1 but. 

*— 8 what I am intended to doe. Therefore let me in treat you. 

3 then. 4 with me. 6 together. •— 6 will take. 

7 Fol. xxxiiii. col. 1. 8 had heard. • right. 

10 that 11 descrie. 18 heart. 13 vntill. 

14 wherefore. 16 angerly. 16 after answered. 

17 maide. 18 as. 19 burned. 20 alas. 

81 before. ^my. » Well. 

Digitized by 


138 HUON OP burdeux. [Ca. xli. 

tu«y enter toke a torche in his handes, and opened the dore & 
Huoifrecogniiee entred / he was no soner entred but Huon knew hym, 
Mi old friend, ^ went & embrased hym, & sayd, 4 a, my true louer, 
blessyd be the houre that I founde you ' / then they all 4 
cleped & kyssed 1 him. when the lady sawe theyr 
maner 2 she was ioyfull / for then she saw well that her 
and Esdarmonde dede 8 8hold' 4 the surely er be conuayed 4 / then she cam 

learn* the truth. 

to Huon & demaunded yf they were his sertes 6 that 8 
made so gret chere 6 togyther. 'dame/ 7 quod Huon / 
' surely al these that be here be my men / surely 8 ye 
may trust them / for there is none of them but that 
they shal do your co/nmaundement.' 'Huon/ quod 12 
the damsell, * there comynge pleaseth me ryght wel ' / 
then Huon sayd to his company / 9 i syrs, I pray you 
make me no more chere, but to 9 this noble lady, for by 
her we shal be delyuered / for 10 it is she that hath 16 
Huon and hii sauyd my lyfe ' / then they all togyther 11 thanked her / 
Eidtrmonde^or ' syrs,' quod she, * yf ye wyll worke by my counsell / I 
her aaaiatanoe. g ^ shew you how 12 1 maye ayde you to delyuer you 13 

hense / 14 1 wyll that ye all byleue surely how 14 I do 20 
fermely byleue in Iesu cryst, and at this daye there is 
no man that I more hate then the Admyrall Gaudys 
my father, by cause he beleueth not in our lorde Jesu 
cryst / for he hateth so the crysten men / he can not 24 
abyde to here 15 spekynge of theym / for he byleueth but 
vpon Mahounde & vpon 18 his ydollea, therfore my herte 
can not loue hym / yf he dyde other wyse I wolde pur- 
chase to hym none yll / for all the good in the world / 28 
but I shall shewe you what ye muste do / when it is the 
houre of mydnyght I shall brynge you all in to my 

1 embraced. a of saluting. 3 intent 

4 be more surely compassed, <fc. * seruantes. 
6 loue. 7 Madame. 8 boldly. 
°— 9 gentlemen and my deare friends, forbeare this extremite 
of kindnesse to me and bestow it vpon 

10 and. 11 humbly. 12 Fol. xxxiiii. col. 2. 

13 from-. 14-14 First let me unfainedly perswade ye that 

16 any. 16 omitted. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xlii.] how esclarmonde plots in behalf op huon. 139 
chambre, where as I shall 1 prouyde harneys 2 for you all / sh« promise* 

. to lead them that 

and there ye shall all be armed / then I shall brynge you night to her own 


in to y* Admyral my faders chambre / whom ye shall and thence win 

#110 11 11* take them to her 

4 fynde slepynge / and then 8 ye maye slee hym / and as for fathers chamber 
me, I shall 1 be the fyret that shal stryke hym / and when ,uy Sm wwfe 
he is slayne then shall we departe surely ' / when Huon "ion reject* her 
4 vnderstode her, he sayde / ' dame, 6 & god wyll your un<Uial pUn " 

8 fader shal not so be slayne / y e day shal come that ye 
shall other wyse delyuere vs / we thanke you that ye 
desyre so moche our delyueraurcce / 6 [ thynke it good 
that ye and Gerames departe hense / for this tyme, for 
12 it is nere hand day, to the entent that our besynes be 
not perceyued ' / then the lady & Gerames departed <fe 
closed agayne the pryson dore, & wente 7 in to the palayes, 
& I 8 when it was day / & also 8 euery day Gerames Everyday 

' ' 01 y Eeclarmonde and 

16 & y e lady went to vysyt y e prysoners, & bare them Geramee visit 
euery thynge that was nedefull for them / Gerames epri,on • 
was all wayes with the Admyrall / and dyd what he 
wold / for theyr was no paynym that durste do con- 

20 trary to his commaundement. Now leue we to speke 
of the Admyral / of Gerames, and of Huon, & of all 
them that were in the 9 pryson / 10 vnto the tyme we 10 
returne to them agayne. 

24 11 How the gret gyant Agrapart, eldest broder 
to Angolaffer, whom Huon slewe / as- 
sembled his people and came to Babylon 
to haue the trybute of the Admyral as his 

28 broder had / and of the batayll hande 
for 12 hande that he desyred of the Ad- 
myrall Gaudys / the whiche was agrede. 13 

Capitulo .xlii. 

1 will. * armour. 8 there. 4 had. 6 Madame. 6 but. 
7 vp. 8-8 as if they had not beene there at all aud thus. 
9 omitted. vntill such time as we may. 

11 Fol. xxxiiii. back, col. 1. 12 to. 13 vnto. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xlii. 

Agrapart grieves 
for the death of 
hU brother 
[Galafre], whom 
Huon had slain. 
He was as gigantic 
and hideous to 
look upon as his 

He gathers 

together the men 
of the neighbour* 
ing country, 

and bids them 
follow him to 
Habylon to obtain 
from the Admiral 
the land and 
tribute which 
belonged to his 

S ye haue herd 1 her before how Huon 
ilewe the gyant Angolaffer / the 
whiche gyant had .xvii. bre theme 
nil elder than hym selfe / 2 & anone 4 
after that the deth of Angolaffer was 
knowen, then whew his elder brother 
named Agrapart was aduertysed of the deth of his 
brother, he toke therof grete sorow / he was as grete as 8 
his brother was 2 / he was .xvii. fote of length, & of 8 
bygnes he was 4 therafter / he was a fote bytwene the 
browes / & his eyen more redder & brynnynge 5 then a 
broude of fyre, & y e grystell of his nose as grete as the 12 
mossell 6 7 of an oxe / & he had two teth yssuyng out of 
his mouth more then a fote longe eche of them / 8 yf I 
shold dyscryue his foule fygure at length, 9 it shold 10 
anoye all the herers therof / 11 ye may well byleue; when 16 
he was in dyspleasure he had a fearfull chere 12 / for then 
his two eyen semed 13 .ii. brynnynge 6 torches; when 
he was surely 14 aduertysed of the deth of his brother he 
sent ouer all his countre that euery man shold come to 20 
hym in harneys ; 15 & so they dyde / & whan they were 
come, he declared to them the dethe of his brother 
Angolaffer, & sayde howe it was his mynde to goo to 
Babylone to the Admyrall Gaudys / and to take 24 
possessyon of the londes and seygnoryes that were his 
brothers, and also to haue the trybute that was dewe by 
the Admyrall / then all his lordes sayde, *syr, com- 
maunde at youre plesure, & we shall obey it ' / ' well, 28 
syrs,' quod he, 'then I wyll that euery man lepe 16 on 

1-1 It hath beene sufficiently declared. 

*— 2 who liued distant from him in diuers seuerall places. 
It was no longe while after but that his elder brother named 
Agrapart was aduertised of the death of his Brother which he 
tooke to his hart exceeding heauile. Now you must vnderstand 
that he was in all respects of as huge stature as his brother, for 

3 in. 4 made. 6 burning. 6 nostril. 

* Fol. xxxiiii. back, col. 2. 8 but. 9 the full. 

10 would. 11 therefore. 12 countenance to looke vpon. 

13 like. 14 certenly. 16 armour. 16 mount. 

Digitized by 



theyr horses / to go toward Baby lone 9 / & so they all 
obayed, & lept 1 on theyr horses & departed, & rod 
so long that they cam in to a playne / nere to the cite 
4 of Babylon; they were a 2 .x.M. meii togyder: then 3 Ten thousand 
Agrapart sayde, 'syrs, tary ye all here tyll I come bX^B*™yion. 
agayne, for I wyll go all alone & speke with the 
Admyrall Gaudys' / then he armyd hym, 4 & toke a Agrapart well- 
8 grete fawchon in his hawdes / & departed al alone / & city alone, 
so went & entred in to the cy te of Babylon / & so past JUice?™ ** U e 
the .iiii. gates; theyr was no paynym that durst say 
him nay / he rested not tyll 6 he cam to the palays ; 

12 the same tyme the Admyrall was syttyng at dyner, & He finds the 
Gerames 0 before hym sytfeynge ; 6 then the Gyaunt came dinned at 
to the table / and sayde, ' The same god Mahounde vnder 
whome we lyue, 7 and causeth the wyne & come to growe, 

16 may 7 confounde y e Admyrall 8 Gaudys as an yll caytyfe insuiu him in a 
and an vntrew 9 traytour / when the Admyrall 10 saw 
how he was so dyspraysed 10 / sayd, 11 ' Agrapart, of 12 this 
that thou hast sayd thou lyest falsely / thus sha?wf ully 

20 to rebuke me in myn owne court before all my lordes ; 
but 13 shew me y* cause why 14 ye do 14 me this iniury ' / 
' Admyrall/ quod he /' it is by cause ther is come in to because he is 

harbouring the 

thy court he that hath slayne my brother / whom murderer of his 
24 incontynente thou oughtest to haue slayne 16 hym 
quycke 16 / wherfore yf it were not for myne w honor with 
my fyst, I wolde stryke the on the nose 17 / thou hast 
sett 18 hym in prison without any more hurte doynge to 19 
28 hym / therfor, thou traytour thefe, by Mahunde be thou 
cursed ; thou art not worthy to sytt in a sete royall 18 / 
aryse vp ! it is not mete for the to sy t there ' / and When he has 
therwith he drew the Admyrall so rudely out of his he puSl thT""* 
32 chayre / that his hatt and crowne fell downe to y* uuoni? 1 fr ° m W " 

1 got. 2 about 8 and. 4 himselfe. 6 vntill. 
with him. 7-7 omitted. 8 Fol. xxxv. col. 1. 
• false. 10 - 10 heard himselfe so highly abused he. 
11 to. 12 in. 13 therefore. 14 ~ u thou doest. 
16-M likewise. 16 owne. 17 face. 18 put. 19 vnto. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xliii. 

and bmU himself 


He demands the 
land and tribute 
that was due from 
the Admiral to 
his brother, 

but offers to free 
him of all 
obligation if he 
can send into the 
field against him 
two champions 
who are able to 
overcome him. 

The Admiral 
accepts the 

erthe. then 1 y* Admyrall was sore abasshed; then 
Agraparte satt downe in his chayer, and sayd, ' thou 
false traytor, my brother is deed, therfor from hens 
fourth thou shalt be ray subgett / for it appertayneth 4 
to me to haue the landes that my brother had, and y c 
trybute that thou were wonte to paye to 2 my brother, or 
elles I shall stryke of thy hede. how be it, I wyl not 
do ayenst ryght / for yf thou wylte proue the contrary, 8 
or to 3 fynde ,ii. champyons to be so hardy that for thy 
loue 4 wyll fyght with me in playne batayle, I shall fyght 
with thew ; or mo, yf thou wylte sende them to me / 
and yf it be so that I be ouercome and dyscomfyted by 12 
.ii. 6 of them, I am content 6 from hense fourth thou shalt 
holde thy landes frank e and free without eny trybute 
payenge / and 7 yf it be 8 so that I conquyre them bothe / 
then thou to be my subgett, and to pay me trybute for 16 
euer, & also to pay me for a knowlege 9 euery yere 
.iiii. dram* 10 of gold for 11 thy hed money ' / ' Agraparte,' 
quod the Admyrall, 4 1 am content thus to do, & to sett 12 
.ii of my men to fyght with the.' 20 

and proclaims 
that he will give 
his daughter in 
marriage to any 
man who will 
fight against 
the giant. 

l *% How the Admyrall gaudys toke Huon out 
of preson and armyd hym to fyght with 
the gyaunt Agraparte. Capitulo .xliii. 

jHan the Admyrall had herde the grete 24 
g vant he cryed 14 aloude, 4 where be y* 
two gentyll knyghtes Mat wyll be 15 euer 
my frendes / now is the tyme come 
that all the goodness and greate gyftes 28 
that I haue gyuen among you be 10 now 17 rewardyd ; yf 
there be ony of you that wyll fyght ayenst this gyant, I 
shall gyue hym my dough ter 18 Esclaramonde in maryage, 

1 whereat. 2 vnto. 3 omitted. 4 dare or. 6 any. 
• that 7 But 8 fall out 9 due taxe. 10 Ducatee. 

18 appoint. 13 Fol. xxxv. col. 2. 14 said. 

17 to be. 18 Fol. xxxv. back, col. 1. 

11 as. 

»• for. 


Digitized by 

Ca. xliii.] of ,huon's release. 143 

and after my dethe to haue all 1 my erytage; no man 
shall 2 say nay therto* / but for eny fayer wordes or 
promyse that the Admyrall coulde do, 3 there was no Nopaynim 

venture* forth. 

4 paynem so hardy to do 4 it, wher wM 6 y e admyrall 
made gret sorow, & began to wepe ; 6 & when the gyant 
Agraparte saw him, he sayd, ' thy wepyng 7 cannot Agrapart defies 

the Admiral to 

auayle the, for whether thou wylt or not it must find any to 

conquer him. 

8 behoue the* to pay these .iiiL peses of golde yerly /for I 
am sure ther is no paynem that dare fyght ayenst me. 
when ye fayre lady Esclaramowd saw her father wepe it 
sore greued her hert, & 8 sayd / ' o, my father, yf I knew 

12 it shuld not dysplease you, I wolde shewe you one 
thing the whiche shulde brynge you out of this dought ' / 
' doughter/ quod he, ' I swere by Mahounde I woll not 
be dyspleased what so euer thou sayest ' / ' sir/ quod 

16 she, 'I 9 haue shewed you or this 9 that the frencheman Esoiarmonde teiu 
that brought you the message fro kynge Charlemayne Huon euu live*, 
was deed in pryson; but, syr, surely 10 he is as yet 
alyue. yf it plese you I shall fetche hym to you / and, 

20 sir, without dought 1 11 waraunt you he wyll take on and promises that 
hym this bateyll ayenst the gyant, for he shewed you Agrapart's 


how he slewe the other gy aunt Angolaffer ; 12 I haue hope 
by the ayde of Mahounde / in lyke wyse he shall sle 

24 his brother this gyant Agraperte.' ' doughter/ quod 
the Admyrall, ' it is my pleasure that ye shall fetche 
the presoner to me; for yf he may 13 dyscomfyte this 
gyant, I am content that he and all his company shall 

28 deperte franke and free at there pleasure ' / then the 
lady and Gerames wente to the preson / and toke out 
Huon and all his company, & brought them before the Hnonh^Mbefore 
Admyrall. Then the Admyrall soore 14 behelde Huon, & 

32 had 15 meruell that he was in so good case / 16 his coloure 

1 omitted. 8 be so bold as to. 3 make. 4 vndertake. 
6 whervppon. 6 lament. 7 lamenting. 8 she. 
9 I did onoe delude you in telling you. 10 credite me. 
11 dare. u therefore. 18 can. 14 earnestly. 
16 great. 16 yet 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xliii. 

The Admiral 
invites him to 
acccept the 
giant's challenge. 

If Hnon ia suo- 
oessml in the 

and he desires to 
return to France, 
he shall be freed 
and led to Acre, 
with presents for 

But if after his 
success he will 
stay with the 
he shall wed 
and possess half 
his realm. 

was sum what pale by reason of lyenge so longe in 
preson / then the Admyrall sayd, 4 frende, yt semeth 
by thy chere 1 that thou hast had 2 a good preson' 2 / 
4 syr,' quod Huon, 4 I thanke your dough ter therof, 8 and 4 4 
6 1 pray you shew me for what cause ye haue as now 
sent for me ' / ' frond,' quod the Admyrall, 4 I shall 
shew the / beholde yender sarasyn that is armed, who 
hathe chalenged to fyght with me hand to hande 8 
or ayenst two of the best men 8 1 haue / & I can fynde 
none so hardy that dare fight agaynst this paynera / and 
yf it be so that thou wylt take on 7 the this enterpryse 
for me / I shall 8 delyuer the & all thy company quyte 12 
to go in to thy countre at thy pleasure / and surely to 
condute the to the cyte of Acre. And also to 9 gyue the 
a somer chargyd 10 with gold / the whiche thou shalt 
present fro me to kynge Charlemayne / & euery yere 16 
fro hense forth to sende hym lyke present 11 for my hede 
mony / and 12 therof to make suche wrytynge 12 as his 
counsell can deuyse / and 18 yf he haue any warre I shall 
send hym two .M. men of arines payed for a 14 yere 16 / and 20 
yf it be so that he desyre niyne owne person / I shall 16 
passe the see with a .CM. paynyms to serue hym ; for I 
had rather to be in to 10 seruitude there than to pay .iiii. 
drams to this Gyaunt ; and, more ouer, yf thou wylt 24 
abyde 17 with me I shal gyue the my dough ter Esclara- 
monde in maryage / and the halfe of my real me to 
mainteyne thyne estate.' 'Syr,' quod Huon, 'I am 
content this to do / so that I may haue myn owne 28 
names 1 8 & my ryche home of yuorye and my cuppe, 
the whiche were taken fro me whan I was taken 19 
prysoner.' 4 Frende,' quod the admyrall, 4 all shalbe 

1 lookes. 2—3 no ill imprisonment 8 therefore. 
4 but. 6 FoL xxxv. back, col. 2. 6 that T vpon. 
8 then. • I will. 10 omitted. 11 as. 
u - 18 to make such assurance. ,s also. 14 whole. 
u beforehand. 16 will then. 17 heere. 18 armour. 
>• veelded. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xliii.] how the -admiral seeks a champion in huon. 145 

delyueryd to the : thou shalt not lese the valew of one The Admiral 
peny ' / than the adrnyrall sent for the home & 1 harnes 2 / to wtorehb*** 
and cuppe / and deliueryd them to Huon, wher of SraeMT' " 

4 he had grete ioy / 8 whan Agraparte saw and knew rtr^htwa^T 
that the adrnyrall had founde a chauipyon to fyght 
with hym, he sayd to the adrnyrall, ' syr, I wyll go out 
and speke with my knyghtes / and in y* meane tyme 

8 let thy champyon be redy aparelyd / for I shall not Agrapartia 

anxious for the 

tary longe / for 4 I shall neuer haue ioy at my herte tyll fight. 
6 1 haue rased 6 his herte out of his body.' ther with 
he deperted and wente to his men, & Huon dyd 7 on his H^armi 
1 2 cote of mayle, and than he toke Gerames his home of and give* into 

Oenunea' keeping 

yuoray, & sayd, ' frende, I pray you kepe my home tyll the ivory horn. 
I returne agayne* / then he 8 prayed 9 our lorde to 
forgyue hym his synnes, to socoure and to ayed hym to 

1 6 dyscomfayt that foull fende the Gyaunt / 10 when he had 
made his prayers to god he dyd 7 on his harnes 2 as 
quickly as though he had neuer ben in preson, wherby 
he knew well that god was pleasyd wit/i hym. 10 than he 

20 sayd / ' o, noble kynge Oberon, I pray the sen 11 god is Huon pray* to 

/ ' ' . J ° , , / , , Oberonthathe 

pleasyd with me, put awaye thy dyspleasure and perdon may be received 

again into hie 

me / for the brekynfte of thy commaundement I haue favour, 
been sore punysshed, and I pray the be not dyspleasyd 

24 yf I spake eny hasty worde beyng in preson / 12 famyn 
causyd me to do it / in the brekynge of thy com- 
maundement I confesse I dyd yll therin, yet *it was 
but by neclygence and forgettynge / 18 a, syr, 18 what 

28 curtesey ye shewed me when ye founde me in the 
wod & gaue me your ryche home and cuppe, by the 
whiche often tymes I haue ben succoured / th erf ore, 
syr, now I requyre the to perdon me all my trespasses 

32 and helpe me at my nede, for I see well without it be 
by the grace of god and your helpe ther is no thynge 

1 omitted. 2 armour. 8 but. 4 beside. 
* Pol. xxxvi. col. 1. 8 tome. 7 put. 8 went and. 9 to. 
10 and. 11 seeing. 18 for. ,3 — 13 Alas, 8ir, remember but 


Digitized by 




[Ca. xliii. 

can saue my lyfe* / thus he besought god of perdon 
and to gyue hym grace to dystroy his enemy, who 
is 1 orryble to beholde / and whan he had made his 
ore8on 2 ther cam a sarazyn to Huon, and sayd, ' syr, 4 
a Saracen restore* here is your owne sworde that ye loste when ye were 

Ins sword to him, 

taken, 'frende, quod huon, 'ye do 8 to 8 me grete 
curtesy ; god gyue me grace to rewarde the * / then he 
dyd on his helme and gyrte on his sword / then 4 the 8 
and a good hone Admyrall sent hym a good horse, the best in all his 

is given him. 

courte, for he was not so fay re but he was 6 of bountye 5 
aboue all other / whew Huon saw hym he was ryght 
ioyfull, and thankyd the Admyrall / as for his ryche 12 
apparell, 6 1 make no men 7 cyon therof / the sadell, harnes, 
and brydell were so ryche that the valew ther of coulde 
not be estemed; then Huon made the sygne of the 
crosse and mounted on his horse armed at all peces, 8 16 
and so rode out of the palayes in to a fayre medow, and 
there made a course to asay his horse / and then he 
restyd hym before the Admyrall, who lened in a 
wyndow in his palaes, and 9 he beheld Huon, and 10 sayed 20 
The Admiral to his lordes / 1 syrs, 11 these frenchemen are to be 

admires Huon's 

fair appearance doughted and feryd, for Huon is a goodly yonge man, 
mounted and may and gret domage 12 it had been yf he had been slayne' / 
arnwd * the Admyrall commaundyd the felde to be kept with a 24 

thousand sarazyns, to thentent that no treason ehulde be 
done 18 & then the Admyrall sayd, 'Mahound be thy 
gyde.' 18 

% How Huon fought 14 with Agrapart the 28 
gyant, and dysconifyted hym, & delyuered 
hym to the Admyrall, who had gret ioye 
therof. Capitulo .xliiii. 

1 waa so. 8 prayer. s — 8 omitted. 4 and. 
6-5 in goodness. 6 fourniture. 7 Fol. xxxvi. col. 2. 
• points. 9 when. 10 he. 11 Trust me. w wrong. 
13-13 or an y iniurie offered to his faire seeming Champion. 
14 ofught in text. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xliv.] 



Hen Huon had made his course he cam 2 
to the felde Where as his enmy was 
redy. 3 when Agraparte saw Huon he 
sayd / 'thou that art of so greate 
courage as to fyght ayenst me / how 
nere akyn art thou to the admyrall, sen 4 for y* loue of Agrapartasks 

J Huon what 

hym thou wylte put thy selfe in aduenture of dethe. relationship he 

"' bears to the 

8 'Paynem/ quod Huon, 'know for trouthe 6 I am Admiral, 
nothynge a 6 kynne to the admyrall, but I was borne 
in the realme of Fraunce / & yf thou desyre to knowe Huon replies that 

_ ' , heisaFrench- 

what I am, I saye vnto the 6 I am he that slew thy man, 

12 brother.' 'for that/ quod the paynein, 'I am the SaUft^ ,lay ' rof 
more soro wfull / and yet agayne 7 ioyouse, when 7 mahond 
hath done me that grace to haue poure to reuenge his 
dethe ; but yf thou wylte beleue and worshyp my god Agrapart oilers 

16 Mahound, & forsake thy beleue, and go with me into sisterhTmarriage 
my couwtry, I shall make the so greate a lorde that 6 his^euSonXr 1 * 
all thy kynne 8 was neuer none 9 suche / & I shall gyue thatof MRhomet " 
the my syster in maryage, whiche 10 ys a fote gretter 

20 than I am, and 11 as blacke as a cole* / ' paynem/ quod 
Huon, ' I care nother for thy lond, nor for thy syster, 
but all the deuylles in hell kepe them both ; beware 
thou of me / for I shall neuer ioy in my herte vnto 12 the 

24 tyme 5 1 haue slayne the, as I haue done thy brother. I 

defy the in y* name of god 13 and of the vyrgyn Mary 13 ' / Huon defies him 
'& I the/ quod the Gyaunt, ' in the name of mahounde ' / God and of the 
then they wente a sunder to take ther coursses / then 3 Vir * ln ' 

28 they ran eche at other, & mett so fersly that ther speres The fight begins 

brake in peces ; 3 y e encou/eter was so rude that by force 

of the horses 14 bothe the horses fell to the yerth, and 15 and their horses 


y* cha?npyons quyckely releuyd, 16 and so came eche 

32 vppon other / Agraperte toke vp his fauchyon to 

haue stryken Huon, but he stept a lytell on the one 

1 Fol. xxxvi. back, col. 1 . 2 in. 8 and. 4 seeing that. 
6 that 6 of. 7 - 7 ioyfull in that 8 there. 

« is. 12 vntill. 13 - 13 omitted. 
14 ahocke. 16 but. 16 reoouered. 

L 2 

Digitized by 


148 huon op burdkux. [Ca. xliv. 

syde, wherby the paynem myst his stroke / and Huon 
Haon de«i« lyfte vp his swerde, and strake the gyaurct on the helme 

Agrapart a fierce 

blow on hit helm, so meruelus x a stroke, that he strake of a quarter ther 

of and Wounded hym sore, and the stroke descended 4 
The giant u downe, & dyd cut of his ere, so that y e clere 2 blode ran 


downe to the ground, then Huon sayd, ' paynem, 
thou art 8 vnhappy ; when thou cammest hether thou 
myghtest haue ben contente with the dethe of thy 8 
brother, and not to cum hether to haue as moch, 4 for 
thou shalt neuer see fayre day more* / when the 
and in fear for hie gyant saw hy mself hurt ho had grete fere, and sayd, 
Huon? ld,t ° 'cursyd be he of Mahunde tliat forgyd thy sword / I 12 
had rather I had ben bounde to haue payd a greater 6 
sum of money to haue saued my lyf, then to be slayne 
here / therf ore 1 yeld me 6 to thee; take here my sworde; 
I pray the do me no hurt ' / ' Paynym/ quod Huon, 16 
'haue no dought sen 7 thou doest yelde the to me ther 
is non so hardy that shall do the eny dysplesure ' / then 
Huon toke y 6 paynem by the arme, and brought hym 
The Admiral i* into y* cy tye, wher of the admyrall & all his lordes had 20 
Jlctorj.* 1 Hu ° n * grete ioye ; but the grete 8 ioy 8 that Esclaramund had 
passed all other / when Gerames saw how the gyant 
was ouer come, he came to y* admyrali & sayd, 1 sir 
Geramea rtreejs Admyrall, know for trouthe 9 I am crystenyd, & I am 24 
Admiral. not your nephew ; I cam hether but alonely 10 to serche 

for my lorde Huon, and the better to know the trouthe 
I sayd I was sonne to yewryn of mount brake, 11 your 
brother, therby to know the sertente what was become 28 
of Huon / for I knowe 12 well he was sent to you from 
kynge Charlemayne on 18 message.' 

«J How Agraparte the gyant cryed mercy to 
the Admyrall / & how Huon desyryd the 32 

i Fol. xxxvi. back, col. 2. 2 black. 8 wert 4 thyself. 

6 great 6 myself. 7 seeing. 8-8 inward content. 
• that. 10 only. 11 Mombrance. 18 knew. 13 a. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xlv.] op agrapart's defeat. 

Admyrall Gaudys to leue his law and to be 
crystenyd. Capitulo .xlv. 


Han the admyrall herde Gerames he had 
grete memayle, and sayd / * it is herde 
for any man to be ware of the craft & 
suttylte that is in a frencheman.' than 
the admyrall saw where Huon was 

8 comynge vp the grese, 2 and brought 3 with hym the 
Giaunt / than 4 the admyrall and all other 5 cam and 
met hym, and Gerames and his company with them, c 
who were ryght ioyfull whan they saw hym come / whan 

1 2 Huon saw the admyrall he tooke Agrapart by y e hand 

and sayd to the admyrall, ' Syr, I delyuer hym into Huon delivers 
your handes, that this day dyd you so grete iniurye idminiu 10 th§ 
7 that he 7 drewe you out of your chayr; I delyuer 

16 hym 8 to you to do with hym at your pleasure ' / whan 
Agrapart saw that he knelyd downe 8 and sayd, 'syr 
admyrall / he hath mych to do that foolyshely The ginnt repenu 

. " of his vain 

thynketh / I say this by my selfe / for to day whan I boasting before 
20 cam to you I thought my selfe the moost puyssaunt ** hU 
man that reyned on the erth / and thought that ye were 
not suffycyent nor worthy to sersue me / but often 
tymis 9 beleuynge desseyueth hys mayster / for I thought 
24 that for x men I wolde not ones 10 a tournyd 10 my chere 
to haue regardyd the?/? / but other wyse is fallen to me / 
for I am discomfytyd alonely by one man, and am 
taken and brought in to your handes, therfor ye may 
28 do with me at your pleasure / therfore, 11 syr, I requyre 
you haue pytye of 12 me, & pardon the outrage that I 
haue done to 13 you/ Than the admyrall answeryd and 
sayd / how he wolde pardon hym on the condycyon The Admiral 

/>, . i . pardons him on 

32 that he shulde neuer after trespas hym, nor no 14 man in condition of his 

1 Fol. xxxvii. col. 1. 8 steps. 8 bringing. 4 whereon. 

6 his Lordes. 6 him. 7 — 7 euen he that. 8 omitted. 
9 rash. 10 - 10 turne. 11 yet. 18 on. 13 vnto. M any. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xlv. 

becoming his 

Agrapart doe* 
homage to the 

and they and the 
Frenchmen dine 

Huon shows the 
Admiral how hie 
t-up Alls with 
wine when the 
sign of the cross 
is made above it. 

It is handed to 
the Admiral, 
but it remains 
empty while he 
holds it. 

his couiitre / and be syde that, to become my 1 man, and 
to do me 8 homage before all them that 3 be here 3 present. 
' Syr/ quod Agrapart, ' I am redy to fulfyll your plea- 
sure ' / 4 than he dyd homage to the admyrall in the pre- 4 
sence of all them that were there / than 4 in grete ioye 
they sat all downe to dyner / y e 5 admyrall made greate 
honour to Huon / & made 6 hym 7 syt by hym / thaw 
Agrapart and Gerames, and all the other frenche men. 8 8 
As for there seruys, and many dyshes of sundry sortes 
of metto, I leue spekynge of them. Huon, who had 
grete desyre to accomplyshe his enterpryse, drew out 
his cuppe / the whiche Gerames hade 9 delyueryd to 12 
hym with his home of yuory / & 10 sayd to y e admyrall / 
' sir, ye may se here this rych cuppe in my hand, y e 
which y e se 11 all empty ' / ' syr,' quod y* admyrall, ' I 
se wel ther is no thiwge therm.' 12 'sir,' quod Huon, 16 
' I shall shew you how our law is holy and deuyne.' 
than Huon made the sygne of the crosse thre tymes 
ouer the cuppe / the which incontynent was full of 
wyne, wher of 13 the admyrall had grete meruayle. ' Syr/ 20 
quod Huon, ' I present you this cuppe, that ye shulde 14 
drynke therof / 4 than shall ye se 16 the goodnes of the 
wyne.' the admyrall tooke it in his hande / and 
incontynent the cuppe was voyde, & y e wyne vanysshyd 24 
away / than 13 the admyrall had grete meruayle, and 
saydo / ' Huon, ye haue enchauntyd me. 716 ' Syr/ quod 
Huon, ' I am none enchaunter / but it is by cause ye 
be full of synne. for the lawe that ye holde is of no 28 
valure 17 / the grete vertue that god hath put in this 
cuppe, by reason of the sygne of the crosse that I 
made 18 ye may parseyue that my saynge is trew / 

1 his. 2 him. 3 — 3 were there. 4 and. 
6 Fol. xxxvii. col. 2. 6 caused. 7 to. 8 sat downe. 
9 before. 10 then. 11 is. u Now. 
13 whereat. 14 may. 15 tast. 16 Not so. 
17 wroth. 18 whereby. 

Digitized by 



'Huon, quod the admyrall, 'ye nede Ho haue no 
besynes 1 to spe to me to forsake my beleue 2 to take 
yours / but I wolde knowe of you whether ye wyll 

4 abyde here with me, or elles to 8 go in to Fraunce / for 
that I haue promyshyd you I shall fulfyll it.' 'A, 
sir admyrall/ quod Huon, c I know 4 you wyll kepe 
couenaunt with me in that ye haue promysyd me. 

8 But, syr, aboue all other matters I pray you haue pyte Huon tries to 
of your owne soule, the whiche shal be dampnyd in Admiral u> 

become Christian, 

hell without ye leue your beleue, 5 the whiche is 6 
nother good nor iust / for 8 without ye do thus, I swer 
12 by 6 my fayth that I shall 7 cause so 7 many men of armes and Uire*ten« to 

w overrun his city 

that al the houses in yourpalays and cyte shalbe full' / with armed men 
whan y e admyrall herd Huon say so he behelde his 
owne men and sayd, ' Syrs, here ye may wel here the 

16 pryde that is in this frencheman, who hath been more 
than halfe a yere in my pryson, and now he thretenethe 
to slee me by cause I wyll not take on me his law, and 
leue myn owne / I haue grete meruayle where he 

20 shulde fynde 8 men as he hath sayd / or 9 to let 9 me to 
slee hym at my pleasure. ' Syr,' quod Huon, 4 yet I 
demaunde 10 of you yf ye wyll do as I haue sayd.' 
* Huon/ quod the admyrall, ' beware on payn of your The Admiral 

2 4 eyen, and as myche as ye loue your ly f e, that ye speke agf^st Huon*!" 
no more to me of this mater, for by the fayth that I threat * 
owe to mahound / yf al kyng Charlemayn's host were 
here assembled, 11 shulde not lye in there power to saue 

28 your lyfe.' 4 Admyrall/ quod Huon, 4 1 am in dought 
that to late ye shall 12 repent you. 

% How Huon, seynge that the admyrall wolde 
not forsake his beleue, blew his home / 

1-1 not to trouble yourself. 2 and. 8 omitted. 
* well. *-* in that it ia. 6 Fol. xxxvii. back, ool, 1. 
call hether. 8 such store of. what lets. 

10 once more. n it u will. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xlvi. 

Huon blows hit 

and the Admiral 
and his company 
rise and dance. 

Oberon hears the 

and declares he 
will lead an army 
to Huon's aid. 

With his men he 


appears at 


and slays all who 

will not become 


wherby Obero/a cam to hym / and Hhe 
admyrall 2 slayne and all his men / and how 
Huon and the favre Esclaramounde were 
in perell of drownynge by reason that he 4 
brake the co;#maufldeme#t of kinge 
Oberon. Ca. .xlvi. 

Han Huon saw that y* admyrall wolde 
not leue his law to receyue crysten- 8 
dome / he sette his home to his 
mouthe / and blewe it 3 by suche 
force 3 that the blud brast 4 out of his 
mouthe / so that the admyrall & all other that were 12 
there put the tabylles fro them and rose, and all that 
were in the 5 palays began to synge & daunce / the same 
tyme kyng Oberon was in his wood, and herd 6 the 
home blowe, sayd, 'A, good lorde, I know surely that 16 
my frende Huon hathe greate nede of me / I pardon 
hym of all his trespas, for he hath ben suffycyentely 
pony shy d / 7 1 wishe my selfe with hym with an 
.CM. men well armyd / there is not in all y e worlde so 20 
noble a man as Huon is / it is 8 pytye that his herte is 
so lyght and mutable ' / than incontynent he with all 
his company were in y e cyte of Babylon, where as they 
began to slee all suche as wolde not beleue of 9 Ihesvi 24 
Cryst / 10 than Oberon went to the palays with all his 
cheualrye, and euery man with his sword naked in 
11 there handes 11 / when Huon saw Oberon / he embrasyd 
hym & sayd, * I ought greately to thank god and you 28 
that ye become so far of to ayde me in all my besynes.' 
' Huon/ quod Oberon, * as ye beleue me and worke by 
my counseU, I shall not f ayle you ' / than on all sydes 
they slew paynynis, men & 12 wemen & chyldren/ except 32 

1 how. 8 was. 3 — 3 with such violence. 

6 hearing, 
his hand. 

6 Fol. xxxvii. back. col. 2. 
great. 9 on. 10 and. 

4 issued. 
7 and now. 
12 omitted. 

Digitized by 



suche as wolde become 1 crystenyd. Oberon came to 

the admyrall & toke hym and delyueryd hym into the oberon gyre* the 

** Admiral into 

handys of Huon, who had there of greate ioy / 2 than Huon's hands. 

4 Huon demaundyd of the admyrall what he was myndyd 
to do 3 to 3 leue y* lawe of Mahounde and to 4 take cryst- 
endome. ' Huon/ quod the admyrall, ' I had rather be 
hewyn al to peaces than to take your law and to 4 for- 

8 sake myne owne ' / Oberon than sayd to Huon, ' why 
do ye tary to put hym to deth?' / than 5 Huon lyft vp 
his sworde and strake 6 ther with the admyrall, that his Huon slays him 

because he refuses 

hede flewe fro hys sholders / than 2 Oberon sayd to to be converted, 
12 Huon, 'Now it lyeth well in thy power to be quyte 
with 7 Charlemayne' / than Huon tooke y e admyralles 
hede and openyd his mouthe, and tooke out hys .iiii. and takes out his 

four great teeth, 

crete teth / and than cut of hys berde and tooke therof as and cuts off hi* 


16 myche as pleasyd hym / than Oberon sayd, ' Now 8 thou 
hast in thy handes the admyralles teth and berde / 
looke, as well as thou louest thy lyfe, kepe them well.' oberon bids Huon 

' * J r take good care of 

'A, syr/ quod Huon, 'I requyre you 9 put theym in these trophies, 
20 suche a plase that 19 they may be well kept / 2 so that I 
may haue them 11 in tyme of nede / for I fele my selfe 
that my herte is so lyght / that 12 other I shall forgete 
them or elles lese them ' / ' of this 13 thou say est,' quod 
24 Oberon, 'I thynke thou spekest wyslye / 14 1 do wysh 

them in Gerames syde in suche maner that they shall and by his power 

of enchantment 

do hym no hurte ' / he had no soner spoken the worde / causes them to be 
but by the wyll of god and the power that he had in 15 frames' side so 

28 the fayrye / they were closyd in Gerames syde in suche see them, 

wyse that no man coude se them / than he sayde to JJJJ ai\y hurt^rom 
Huon / ' frende, I must go to my castell of Momure / I oberon takes 
desyre you to do well / ye shall take witJi you Esclara- J^J bids^mtake 

32 monde, doughter to the admyrall. But I charge you |J? t < J^ < £ de 
on payne of your lyfe, and in as myche as ye fere to France, 

1 be. 2 and. 3 ~ 3 if he would. 4 omitted. 
6 whereuppon. 3 after therwith. 7 king. 
* Fol. xxxviii. col. 1. 9 to. 10 where. u again. 
" as. 13 that. 14 therefore. 16 by. 

Digitized by 


but avoid all 
intercourse with 
her till they are 
married at Rome. 


[Ca. xlvi. 

Huon promises to 
obey Oberon. 

A beautiful ship 
is made ready by 
Oberon for 
Huon's journey. 

Oberon foretells 
great misery for 

Esclaramonde Is 
made a Christian, 
and Huon's 
cousin is wedded 
to a converted 

displease me / that ye be not so hardy 1 to company 

with her bodely tyll 2 ye be maryed together in y e cyte 

of Home / and 3 yf thou dost the contrary / thou shalt 

fynde suche pouerte and mysery, that though thou 4 

haddest doble y e myschyefe that thou hast had sens 

thou camyst out of Fraunce, 4 it shulde 4 be no thynge 

in regarde to 5 that / that shall fall to the here after yf 

thou breke my commaundement.' ' Syr/ quod Huon, 8 

' by y* pleasure of our lord Ihmi Cryst I shall 6 be well 

ware 6 of doynge of any thynge agaynst your pleasure.' 

Then Oberon aparelyd a ryche shyppe, well garnyshyd 

with chambers, and hangyd so rychely that it was 12 

incredable to be her 1 or sene / there was no cord / but 

it was of gold and sylke / yf I shulde shew you the 

beaute and ryches of this shyppe, it shulde 7 be ouer 

longe to resyte it / whan the shyppe was fournyshyd 16 

with vytaylles / than he put theriu his horses / than 

Oberon took leue of Huon, and kyssyd and embrasyd 

hym, 8 9 sore wepynge 9 / whan Huon saw hym wepe he 

had greate meruayle, and sayd, 'Dere sir, for what 20 

cause do you wepe 1 ' ' Huon/ quod h*, ' the thynge 

that mouyth me thus to do / is by cause I haue 10 of the 10 

grete petye / for yf thou knewest the pouerte and 

mysery that thou shalt endure / there is no membre 11 24 

thou hast but that 12 shulde 7 trymble for fere / for I know 

for certen / that thou hast so myche to suffer / that 

13 therein is 13 none humayne tonge can reherse it* / and 

then Oberon departyd without more spekynge / whan 28 

Huon saw Oberon departe he was ryght pensyue / but 

his 14 grete 14 you the put hym out of his sorow / and 16 

made his ordynaunce in the cyte, and crystenyd y e 

fayre lady Esclaramonde, and after dyd marye his 32 

Cosyn Heylye 16 to an admirall of the countre who was 

1 as. 2 vntill. 3 for. 4-4 yet can it. 6 of. well beware. 
7 would. 8 Fol. xxxviii. col. 2. 9-9 greatly lamenting. 
10-10 a f Ur pi ty e. n that. 12 it. 13 ~ 13 omitted. 
14—14 sweetness of. 15 Then hee. 16 Sibilla. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xlvi.] of huon'b love for esclaramonde. 155 
newly crysteny J / and Huon gaue to tlieym the cyte of who become* the 

" ruler of Babylon. 

Babylon and all that longed therto. Thaw he made & 
ordeyned a lytell shyppe to go with his owne shyppe, 

4 to thentent to send a lond for vytaylles whan nede 
1 requyred 1 / than he and his company went in to his 
grete shyp, & so toke leue of his cosyn that was newly 
maryed, who was ryght sorowfull for his departynge. 

8 Than they lyft 2 vp theyr say lies / and had a good 
freshe 3 wynde, and so say lied tyll they were out of the Huon and ins 

company pass the 

ryuer of Nile / & so passyd by Damiet and came in to »iver. 
the hye see and had wynde at wyll / and on a day 4 they' 

12 sat at dyner and made good chere / for by reason of his 
cup they had wyne at theyr pleasure. * A, good lorde/ 
quod Huon, 'greatly I am bounde to thanke you 5 / 
that I haue such a cuppe and home and harnes 6 / for 

16 whan so cuer I wyl 7 bio we my home I can haue men 
ynow to come to ayde me / and also I haue the admy- 
ralles berde and grete teth / and 8 specyally the fayre 
lady Esclaramonde, whom I loue so parfyghtly 9 that I 9 

20 am so 10 in amoures 10 with her fayre body / that I can no Huon cannot 
lenger end n ure it / how be it, the dwarfe Oberon to Esclaramonde. 
mocke me hath J2 deffercdyd me in any wyse 12 that I 
sholde not touche her in no 13 wyse. But I wyll well 14 

24 that he knowe / that in this case I wyll not obey hym / 
for she is myn owne, therfore I wyll do with her at 
my pleasure.' whan Gerames herde hym, he sayd, 
' A, 15 syr, what wyll ye do 1 Ye knowe well Oberon Gerames warns 

28 neuer as yet made any lye 16 to you 16 / but alwayes ye remember 
haue founde hym trew / for yf he had not been, 17 both com'mand* 1 * 8 * 
you and we all had ben lost or 18 this tyme. And now 19 
ye wolde breke his commaundement / yf ye touche this 

32 lady or 20 the tyme come that he hath sette you, greate 

*— 1 should require. 2 set. 8 faire. 4 as. 
6 kinge Oberon. 6 armour. 7 shall. 8 but 9 — 9 and. 
10-10 enamoured. 11 Fol. xxxviii. back, col. 1. 
tt-ii forbidden me strictly. 13 any. H after that he. 
15 Alas. l *- 16 omitted. 17 so. 18 before. 10 againe. 20 ere. 

Digitized by 

156 HUON OF BUBDBUX. [Ca. xlvi. 

Hut Huon win not mysforlune shall fall therby ' / ' Gerames,' quod Huon / 
'for you / nor for none 1 other 2 I shall not leue 2 / but 
or 3 I departe I wyll haue of her my pleasure ; and yf 
any of you be afrayed, I am contente he shall departe 4 
in this lytell shyppe and goo where as 4 he lyst / and 
take vytayle in to it for there 5 prouysyon.' ' Syr/ 
quod Gerames, ' sen 6 ye wyll do none other wyse, I am 

Gcrome* declares ryght sorowfull / and I wyll departe, and so wyll do 4 8 

he will leave the 

ship, all oure other company. Thara Gerames departyd out 

and with thirteen of the grete shyppe and enteryd in to y e lytell shyppe, 

men enters a 

little boat and and .xiii. in his company / & Huon taryed sty 11 with 
goes away. ^ lady.' and whan he sawe that all his company 12 
was departyd, he went & made redye a bed, & sayd to 
the lady / 'dame, 7 surely I must 8 haue my pleasure of 
you* / whan she herde Huon / she fell downe sore 
wepynge, and humbly desyred Huon that he wolde for- 16 
bere her company vnto 9 the tyme 10 they were 11 maryede 
together / accordynge to the promyse that he had made 
to kynge Oberon / ' fayre lady,' quod Huon, ' none 
excuse can auayle / for it must be thus ' / than he 20 
Huon and tooke the lady and made her goo to bed / and there 
take their they took together theyr pleasures / he had no sonner 
pleasure together. accom p}y 8n y^ his wyll / but there rose suche a meruel- 

so^n after a ous tempest / that the wawes of 12 the see semyd so greate 24 
aruen, and hye as mounteyns / and therwith it blew and thon- 

deryd and lyghtenyd that it was 13 ferefull to beholde 
the see / and the shyppe was so sore tormentvd / that 
and the ship is 14 the shyppe brast 14 all to peces, so that there abode 15 28 

broken to pieces. 

but one pece of tymbre where apon Huon and the 
lady was / and it happy d so well for them that they 
Huon and were nere to an yle, and thether the wynde draue 
d^rro^°toa!i Hr0 them / & whan they sawe 10 they were there arvuyd, 32 


1 any. 2—2 will I not forbear. 8 ere. 4 omitted. 
6 his. 6 seeing. 7 Madame. 8 now. 
9 vntill. 10 that. 11 should be. 

12 Fol. xxxviii. back, col. 2. 13 very. 14 ~ H it burst. 
15 remained. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xlvii.] how huon is shipwrecked. 157 

and that they were on the londe, they both kneled 
downe & thankyd our lord Iesu Cryst that they 
were 1 scapyd the parell of drownynge / the other 

4 company that were in the lytell shyppe / draue at The uttie «hip in 
auenture in the see, and they cryed to oure lorde Iesu oerames and his 
Cryst to saue them fro drownyng / 2 they had sene well ^ti^diitreeeed. 
howe the shyppe with Huon and the lady was broken nws^hip * M 

8 in the see, wherfore they thought surely that Huon J^ftjj^ and 
and the lady was pereshyd. Now lette vs leue spek- |^ Te E ^Jj^ onde 
ynge of 3 Huon of Burdeux & of 4 y e fay re Esclaramonde. 

% How Huon and Esclaramonde aryued in 
12 an yle all naked, & howe the pyrates of 
the see tooke Esclaramonde and left Huon 
alone, and bounde his handes and fete and 
iyen. Capitulo .xlvii. 

r Han Huon and Esclaramounde sawe 
howe they were dryuen a londe all 
naked, peteously wepyng they enteryd 
in to the yle, where as theyr dwelt The isUnd which 
nother man nor woman / but the Bed^monde are 
erthe was so fay re and grene that 5 ioy it was to se it / tahabiteiita! 11 
it 6 7 was happy for them that the wether was so fayre 
and hote / so 7 they hidde them 8 in the grene herbes, 9 
24 to then tent they shold not be parseyued / 10 the lady 

wept peteously / than 11 Huon sayd, 12 'fayre 4 lady, be Theyeeekto 
not abasshyd / for if we dye for loue we shall not be the other!* 
fyret / for trystram dyed for the loue of the fayre Isoude, 13 
28 and she for hym ' / and so al wepyng they clyppyd 
and kyssyd eche other, and as they lay wrappyd in 
the grene grasse / ther arueyd .x. sarazyns in a lytell 

1 so well. 8 for. 8 of them, returning again to. 

* omitted. 6 great 6 Fol. xxxix. col. 1. 
7-7 it was likewise so faire & hot that 8 selues. 

9 grasse. 10 still. 11 and. 12 vntoher. 
13 Isoluda. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xlvii. 

A little vessel 
ten Saracen 
pirates to the 

Huon hears them 
coming to 
where he and 

and rises. 

them he begs 
them for some 

The pirates learu 
his sad story, 

and give him two 

vessell, and 1 enteryd in to the yle, 2 & toke 2 freshe water 
& other thynges that they nedyd / than they Sayd cche 
to other, ' lette vs goo forth in to this yle and se yf we 
can fynde any aduenture' / they 3 were pyrates of the 4 
see, and had seruyd hefore the ad my rail Gaudys, 
father to 4 the fayre 4 Esclaramonde. Huoh, who was 
with his louer in the grene herbes 5 / herd how nere to 
them was people comyng / he thought to go to them to 8 
se yf he myght get any mete. 'Dere louer/ quod 
Huon, 1 1 praye you goo not hense / tyll I retourne.' 
'Syr/ quod she, 'god he your gyde / but I requyre 
you re 6 tourne agayne shortely' / than he departyd 7 as 12 
so 7 naked as he was borne / and so came to them or 8 
they had dyned / 9 he salutyd them <fe desyryd them 
humblye for the loue of god to gyue hym sum brede / 
one of them answeryd & sayd / 'frende, thou shalt 16 
haue ynough / but we praye the shew vs what aduen- 
ture hath brought the nether.' 1 Syr,' quod Huon, 
1 the tempest of the see hathe brought me hether, for 
the shyppe that I was in pereshyd, and all my company.' 20 

WHan they herd hym they had grete petye, and 
gaue hym .ii. loues of brede / Huon toke them 
and departyd & thanked 10 them, and 4 went 11 to his 
louer, 12 and gaue her parte of y e brede, wherof she was 13 24 
glade, then the pyrates that had gyuen Huon the brede 
sayd one to an other, ■ this man that is thus gone fro vs 14 
can not be but that he hath sum 15 company / therfore 
lette vs goo preuely 16 after hym, and peraduenture we 28 
shall fynde out his company, for 17 we thynk 17 yf he 
were alone he wolde not 18 haue come to vs* / ' lette vs 
go and se/ quod all the other, ' and not retourne tyll 
we knowe y* trouthe/ than they went all together and 32 

1 who. 2-2 to take. 8 those men. *- 4 omitted. 
* grasse. 6 Fol. xxxix. col. 2. 7 ~ 7 all as. 8 before. 
9 where. 10 thanking. 11 baeke. 12 Loue. 
18 not a little. 14 surely it. 15 other. 16 presently. 
m ee thinkes. 18 so. 

Digitized by 

Ca, xlvii.] huon and esclaramonde on a deskrt island. 159 
foolowed Huon as preuely as they coude / and whan but they follow 

him when he 

they came nere where as he was they saw hym and the returns to 

- , Esclaramonde, 

lady nere 1 by hym etynge of y e brede that tney nad and see the two 
4 gyuen hym / than 2 they stode styll and aduysyd them together/ 
to se yf they coude haue any knolege of hym or of the 
lady. And 3 amonge them there was one that sayd, 
'Syrs, neuer beleue me, but this lady is the fayre The Saracens 


8 Esclaramonde, doughter to the admyrall Gaudys / and Esclaramonde 
he that is with her is the same frencheman that fought because they had 
yvith Gallaffer 4 and slew hym / and also y e admy 6 rall. Atoinu^court. 
It is happy that we haue fouwde them, and specyally 

12 that he is naked, without armure, for yf that he were 
armed, oure lyues were but short ' / whan they knew 
surely 6 that it was Esclaramonde, doughter to the 
admyrall Gaudys / they than approchyd nere to them / 

16 and cryed alowde, and sayd, 7< A, dame 7 Esclaramonde, They reproach 


your nyenge away auayleth you nothynge, for by you with the death of 

& your meanes your father hath been slayne by y e thefe 

that sytteth there by you / certenly 8 we shall brynge and threaten to 

20 you to your vncle Iuorym of mombrant / who shall uncle ivoryn, 
take of you suche correccyon that ye shalbe an en- 
sample to all other, and y e lechour that is by you 
shalbe 2 flayne 9 all quycke 9 ' / whan the lady sawe and to km Huon. 

24 these paynyms, she was ryght sorowfull and sore 
dyscomfortyd / than she kneled downe and helde up 
her handes and prayed them humbly / that they wolde Esclaramonde 
haue petye on y* frencheman / and as for her owne lyfe, ulS^ f ° r Ha ° n * 

28 she dyd put it to there 10 pleasures, other to alee her 
or to drowne her or to bryng her to her vncle. 1 And, 
syrs, 11 I swere by Mahounde that if ye wyll graunt my 
request / yf I can be agreed with myne vncle Iuorym / 

32 I shall do you all suche pleasure that ye & all yours 
shall be ryche for euer after. And 12 lytell shall ye 

1 hard. * there. 3 Now. * Agrapart. 
* Fol. xxxix. back, col. 1. • certainly. 7-7 Madame. 
8 therefore. before your face. 10 owne. 

11 (quoth shee.) 12 for. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xlviii. 

wynne by the deth of one poore man.' 4 Dame/ 1 quod 
which they agree they / ' we are well content to leue hym here ; but we 
M BP * re ' shall do hym all the shame and rebuke that we caw, 

that he shall 2 remembre it 3 euer after ' / than they toke 4 
Huon / and layd hym on the grene grasse / and than 
but they bind his dyd bynd 4 his iyen / 6 handes and fete / so that the 

eyes, hands, and 

feet, blode brast 6 out at the 7 nayles, wherby he was in suche 

and torture him* 

dystres that he sownyd thre tymes and peteously called 8 
on oure lorde god to haue petye of hym and to forgyue 8 
his 8ynnes / whan the swete Esclaramonde sawe her 
louer Huon so handelyd / and that she sholde departe 
fro hym / to shew the petyefull compleyntes that she 12 
made it 9 were impossyble. Also Huoti made peteous 
Esclaramonde is compleyntes whan his louer 10 Esclaramond departyd, the 
p^tesl yby which greuyd hym more thaw his owne payne that he 

sufiferyd. Now we shall leue spekynge of hym and 16 
n speke of 11 the fayre Esclaramonde. 

% How the fayre Esclaramonde was led a way 
with the pyrates of the see / and how the 
admyrall Galaffer of Ansalerne delyueryd 20 
her out of there handes. Ca. .xlviii. 

Owe sheweth the hystory 13 whan 
these theues had taken & bound 
Huon, handes / fete & iyen / they 2 

Huon is left alone ^^S^MV^JMf ^ ^ m a ^ oue13 ™ the yle, & toke 

the fayre Esclaramonde & brought 
her in to theyr shyppe / than they gaue her a gowne 
and a mantell furryd with ermyns / for they were 28 
robbers of the see, and had myche good in theyr 
shyppe / than they sayled forth nyght and day / at 

on the island. 

1 Ladie. 8 may. 3 for. 4 blind. 6 and binde his. 
• buret 7 his. 8 him. 9 Fol. zxxix. back, col. 2 
10 Loue. 11—11 say what happened afterward to. 
18 how that 13 alone. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xlviii.] op the capture op esolaramonde. 161 

last a wynd Hoke them whether they wolde or not / Esciaramonde 
they aryued at the port of Anfalerne ; & the same tyme the Saracens, 
the ad my rail there was newly rysyn fro his dyner, and ^A^AnWerne! 
4 stode lenynge out at a windowe in his palays / and 
then 2 he parseyuyd y e shyppe that lay at ancre in y* and the Admiral, 
hauen / & saw the baners & stremers wauinge with the his palace, 
wynde / wherby 3 he wel parseyuyd that y e shyppe per- perceives from 

their ship that 

8 teynyd to kynge Iuoryn of Mombrant / than 4 he with they. are subjects 

of King Ivoiyn. 

his lordes went downe to the hauen. Than he cryed 

out alowde / and sayd, ' Syrs, what marchaundys haue The Admiral 

ye brought V /'syr,' quod they, 'we haue brought merchandise the 

12 sendalles & clothes of sylke / wherfore, sir, yf we shal 8hlp carrie " 
pay any tribut or custorae, we are redy to pay it at 
your pleasure ' / than Galaffer, y* admirall, sayd / ' I 
know well ynough yf ye sholde pay any trybute ye 

16 sholde not chose but 5 to 6 do it. But, -syrs, I pray you 

tell me what dameseli is thai 6 I se in your shyppe sore and who u the 

. . damsel with 

wepynge ? • Syr, quod they, ' it is a sclaue, a crysten them, 
woman, whom we bought at Damiet.' The lady herd They reply 

20 well how the admyral demaundyd for her, & 7 what 
answer y e maryners had made / than she cryed out 
alowd and sayd, ' A, syr admyrall, for y e loue & honowr 
of Mahounde I pray you haue petye on me, for I am 

24 no sclaue, for 8 I am dough ter to the admyrall Gaudys butEsdara- 

monde declare* 

of Babylone / who is deed & slayne by a frencheman / her parentage. 
these 9 maryners here hath taken me J & wolde carye me 
to myne vncle, kynge Iuoryn of Mombrant / and I 
28 know surely, yf he had me, he wolde byrne me 6 in a 
fyer.' 6 'Fayre ladye/ qwod the admyrall, 'dysmay 
you not / for ye shall abyde with me whether they The Admiral 

ii i i i i % i promises to 

wyll or not / than he commauwdyd y e maryners to release her, 
32 bryng y e lady to hym / <& 8 they answeryd 10 they wolde 
not so do / than y* admirall commaundyd to take her 

1 Fol. xl. col. 1. 1 when. 3 thereby. 4 whervppon. 
*— 6 omitted. 6 which. 7 likewise. 8 but 
• the. 10 that. 


Digitized by 

162 huon op burdeux. [Ca. xlviii. 

and fight* for her fro them perforce / 1 than they of the shyppe began to 

with the pirate* r ' J 

whom he over- make defence. But anone they were all alayne, & the 
lady taken, & brought to the admyrall / and 2 had grete 
ioy therof / how be 3 it, he was sory by cause one of them 4 
that were in y e shyppe skapyd away & fled to Mom- 
brant / how be it, 4 y* admyrall caryd not gretely for 
it / syn 6 he had y e lady, whom he brought in to his 
palays / whan y e admirall saw her so exceeding fayre / 8 

The Admiral he was taken in 6 loue, so that incontynent he wolde 

falls in lore with ' J 

Eeciaramonde. haue maryed her after the sarazyns lawe / wherof she 
was ryght sorowf ull, & sayd, ' Syr, reason it is that I do 
your pleasure, syn 6 ye haue ryd me out of y e handes of 12 
beg^um 1 °to* t^ese py rates of the see. But, syr, I requyre you for 
a while before the loue that ye bere me that ye wyll forbere your 

making her hie 

wife. pleasure at this present tyme / for, str, I haue made a 

faythfull vow & promyse / that for a yere & a day fro 16 
hense forth I wyll not lye 7 nor touch any man bodely 8 / 
of 9 the whiche auow, syr, I am nowe sory 10 of for y e 
loue of you / for. 10 syr, I am ryght ioyfull that ye wolde 11 
me so myche honour as to haue me to your wyfe / oure 20 
greate god Mahounde rewarde you / and, 12 syr, for y* 
loue of hym I pray you be content tyll 13 myn auow 
be acumplyshyd' / 'fayre lady,' quod he, 'know for 
trouthe / that for the honoure of my god Mahounde, & 24 
for the loue of you, I am content to tary this yere / ye, 
& yf it were .xx. yere / than 14 to be sure of your loue.' 
' Syr/ q?*od she, ' Mahounde rewarde you ' / than 16 she 

she pray» to sayd to her selfe, 'A, dere lord god Jesu Cryst, humbly 28 

Chriet to gire her , 

strength to I requyre thee to gyue me that grace to kepe my troutn 
Huon. to my louer Huon, for or 16 I shall do the contrary I 

shall suffer as myche payne & dolowre 17 as euer woman 

1 and. 8 who. 3 Fol. xL col. 2. 4 notwithstanding. 
5 seeing. 6 her. 7 with. 8 boldly, 9 for. 

euen for the loue that I beare to you, but 11 will doe. 
12 now. 13 vntill. 14 then after loue. 16 but 
16 ere. 17 greefe. 

Digitized by 



dyd / nor 1 for fere of deth I shal neuer breke my 
troupe.' 1 Now leue we to speke of her, <fc speke 2 of 
the thefe that scapyd out of the shyppe. 

4 % How the pyrat fled to Mowbra^t to Iuoryn / 
& how he sent to defy the Admyrail 
Galaffer of Anfalerne,' and of the answer 
that he had. 8 Capitulo .xlix. 

E haue herd here before how the fayre 
Esclaramonde was rescued 6 by the 
Admyrail Gallaffer / and of the maner 
that she founde to kepe her selfe trew 
to Huon, & how one of the maryners mm of 
scapyd away and fled by londe, and at last 6 came to the folSneuSdof tht 
cyte of Mombrant, where as he founde Iuoryn, to whom GwidUwu 
he shewed all the hole mater as ye haue herde / and brot^wironTi, 
16 howe his brother y e admyral Gaudys was slayn by a 2<^ant.° f 
yong frenche knyght / and howe he & his company 
founde the sayd knyght 'and your 7 nece the fayre 
Esclaramonde / whom we 8 had thought to haue brought 
20 to you. 9 But 10 y* Admyrail Gallaffer hathe taken them 
fro vs by force, and hath taken our shyppe and slayn 
all your men that were within, 11 so that none scapyd but 
I alonely.' 12 whan kynge Iuoryn vnderstode y 6 maryner 
24 he sayd, 'A, syr 18 Mahounde, how haue you sufferyd 
that my brother Gaudys hathe thus peteously be 
alayne / and also my nece hys doughter to consent 
therto / certenly the doloure 14 that I fele at my herte 
28 constrayneth me rather to desyre 16 the 16 deth than lyfe. ivoryn u 

a j i - i »» . • indignant that tht 

And also, moreouer, to se hyra that is myn owne Admiral, who u 

subget, and 15 he that 15 holdeth his londes of me / to JioilStoid hu 

kepe my nece and thus to slee my men. Alas, I can not E^Iramonda. 

i—i and I will neuer breake my troth for fere of deth. 
* §ay somewhat 3 there. 4 Fol. xl. back, col. 1. 
6 receiued. 6 he. * his. 8 they. • him. 
w quoth he. 11 it. 12 alone. 13 mightie. 
14 greefe. omitted. 

M 2 

Digitized by 


164 huon op burdbux. [Ca. xlix. 

well saye what I sholde do therin / a lytell thyng wolde 
cause me to slee myselfe.' Than in great dyspleasure 
he called his lordes, & causyd the maryner to come 
before them / & there he made hym to shew agayne all 4 
the mater before them all: 1 how his brother y e admiral! 
Gaudys was slayne, & also how the ad my rail Gallaffer / 
helde by force his nece, & how he had slayne his 
men / 3 whan the lordes had herd 3 all this, 3 they sayd 4 8 
His lord* advise to Iuoryn, * Syr, our aduyce is that ye sholde sende 

that a message 

be sent to the one of your secrete messengers to the admyrall GallafFer / 


bidding him give & cottimauttd hym incontynent to sende you your 
to M ivory^ nde ° P nece / 5 and to make amendes in that he hath slayne 12 
w^rauon for the y our men / and tnat ne sende you worde by wrytyng 
deathtf bis w h&t cause hath moued hym thus to do / and yf it be 
so that pryde doth so surmont 6 hym that he wyll not 
obey your commaundementes / than by a iust quarell 16 
ye may go and make warre vpon hym, and take fro hym 
all hys londes that he holdeth of you ' / whan Iuoryn 
vnderstode his lordes / he sayd, 1 syrs, I parseyue well 
your opynyow is good ' / 7 than a messenger was 20 
An enroy is sent, appoyntyd and his charge gyuen hym, & so 8 departyd, 

and arrives at 

Anfaierne. and rode so longe that 9 he came to Anfalerne, where as 8 
he founde y e admyrall Gallaffer / whom he salutyd in 
y* name of Mahounde / & than he declared his message 24 
at lenght / 10 whan 10 Gallaffer herd his message, he sayd, 
'frende, go & saye to kinge Iuoryn, that as for y* 

The Admiral will delyueraunce of his nece, I wyll not so 3 do 11 / & as for 

not obey Ivoryn's 

command. his men that be 12 slayne, it was 13 theyr owne foly, & 28 
as touchynge that I sholde come to hym / I wyll not 
come at hym / lette him do what he caw / 14 yf he come 
& u assayle me I shall defende as well as I can ' / whan 
y* messenger herd that he sayd / 'str admyrall, sen 16 32 

1 both. 8 which. «-» omitted. * thus. 

6 Fol. xl. back, col. 2. • in. * and. 8 he. 9 till, 

lo—io assoone as. 11 it 11 are. 13 through. 

14 but. u to. 10 seeing. 

Digitized by 


ye wyll do none other wyse / in the name of our god The messenger 

__. io« n 11 11 11 f threatens his 

Mahound, & in y* name of y e 1 admyrall Gallaffer, I lands with Are 
desyTe you 1 / & he sendeth you worde by me that he 

4 wyll leue you nother cyte / towne, nor castell / but he 
wyll put them all to flame & fyer / nor leue you one 

' fote of londe / & 2 also yf he may take you ye shall dye and himself with 

" a shameful death. 

a shamfull deth/ 
8 ^| Whan the admyrall saw howe he was defyed / 
.he was more inflamed than a byrnynge fyer 
brond, & sayd to y e messenger / * go & say to thy lord The Admiral 

defies the King 

that I set no thiwge by his thretenynge / &, yf I ivoryn. 

12 may know when he corny th, I shal do hym that honour 
that I wyll not abyd tyll he enter in to my countre / 
but I shal 8 mete with him before / & say vnto hym fro 
me / that yf 1 can take hy?n I shal sone ryd his soule 

16 out of his body.' so y e messenger departyd / & cam 
to mombrant / 4 whan Iuoryn saw hym he sayd / * frend, 
what sayth 5 Galaffer? wyll he sende me my nece?' 
' Syr/ quod the messenger / * he wyll not do it / he The Admiral's 

11111 i / re Pty 18 reported 

20 sayth he dough tyth you no thynge / and, yf ye be so to King ivoryn. 
hardy to come & assay le hym, he wyll mete with you 
before & fyght with you, & I herd hym swere that yf 
he may take you he wyll slee you without mercy ' / 

24 whan Iuoryn herd that / he swet for anger, & was in The King is 
that case 6 he coude 7 speke no 7 worde of a longe space / mStfhl "In 
&, 2 whan he had sum what asswagyd his yre, he aware by o^fTwerae^nd 
his god Mahounde that he shold neuer haue ioy nor " Iay **** Admira1, 

28 myrthe at his herte / tyll he had destroyed the towne 
of Anfalerne, & slayn the admyrall Galaffer / than in 
hast he sente for all his lordes / & vritli them concludyd 
to send for all his men of warre, & gaue them day to be 

32 with him within .xv. dayes before Mombrant / the 
whiche thynge was done / for at that day they were all 

1 great king Iuoryn heere I defie you. 2 but 
3 will. 4 where. 6 Fol. xli. col. 1. 6 that. 
7-7 not Bpeke one. 

Digitized by 

166 HUON OP burdkux. [Ca. 1. 

™iSS 18 assembled / as ye shall here 1 after. Now 2 leue thystorye 2 
to speke of them & 3 retourne s to speke of kinge 

% How kynge Oberon, at the request of .ii. 4 
knyghtes of the fayry called Gloryant & 
Mallebro# the mobster of the see, went 
& socouryd Huon, & carryed hym out of 
the yle Noysaunt. Ca. .1. 8 

Owe 4 sheweth thystory, 4 that Kynge 
Oberon the same tyme that Huon 
was in the yle Noisaunt / was in 
his wood where as he was accus- 12 
tomyd 6 moost parte for 5 to be con- 
uersauwt, by cause the place was fl myche delectable 

6 farre fro people / 7 he sat hym down vnder a fay re 
oberon deplores oke / than 8 he began to wepe & compleyned / whan 16 
Huon, Gloryant, a knyght of y* fayry / saw hym / he had 

grete meruayle, & demauwdyd of hym why he 9 made so 
gret doloure 9 / ' Gloryant/ quod y* 10 kiwge Oberon / 
' the periuryd Huon of Burdeux cause th me thus to do / 20 
end lament* thmt whom I haue 11 perfyghtly louyd, & yet he hath 12 

he has disobeyed 

his command- trespassyd my cowniaundemettte* / for whan 13 1 departyd 
fro hym I causyJ hym to haue the admyrall Gaudys at 
his pleasure / & also I made hym to haue the fayre 24 
Esclaramonde, y c adniyralle* doughter / & also I haue 
gyuen hym my ryche home of yuory & my good cuppe / 
the whiche he hath lost by his pryde & foly / & 
therfore he hath ben ponyshyd, & 14 lyeth all naked, 28 
bounde handes & fete, & his iyen stoppyd, 15 in an yle / in 
y* whiche place I shall 16 sufifre hym to dye ir myserably.' 

1 here. 1-2 leaueth the Historic. 5—3 returneth againe. 
*-* the history sheweth. 6 ~* after where. 6 very. 

7 there. 8 and. 9 ~ 9 lamented so much, 10 omitted. 
" alwayes. 1S still. 13 Fol. xlL col. 2. " now he. 

" blindfolded. 16 will 17 most. 

Digitized by 



'A, 1 syr,' qiiod Gloryant / 'for y e honoure of our lord QiorUnt begs 
Jesu Cryst / call to your remerabraunce how that by mercy upon the 
godde* own mouth Adam & Eue 2 was dyffendyd 2 fro knight ' 

4 y e etyiige of 8 fruyte that was in paradyce / 4 the whiche 4 
by theyr fragylyte brake goddes coraniaundement ; how 
be it, our lord god had grete petye of them, & therfore, 
sir, I praye you haue pyte of Huon ' / than Mallebron 

8 stept forth & sayd, 1 A, 5 sir, for y e honour & reuerence Maiabron beg* 

permission to go 

of our lord god I desyre you to graunt me this one tow* aid. 
tyme that I may go & ayde hym ' / whan Oberon saw 
how he was sore 6 desyryd of Gloryant & Mallebron, he 
12 was sore dyspleasyd; 7 he answeryd & 7 sayd / ' Malle- 
bron, it pleaseth me 8 well that this caytyue Huon, who oberon grant* 


endureth 8 myche payne, be vysytyd by thee, 9 for y* request under 
which 9 I condempne thee to be .xxviii. yeres a monster conditions. 
16 in y* see, beside .xxx. yere that thoxx art inioynyd to all 
redy / but 10 I wyll 11 thou gyue hym none other counsell 
nor ayde / but alonely to bero hym out of y e yle that He is to place 

. . . ' , Huon on the 

he is in, & to set hym on y c mayne londe / than let main land, 
20 hym go whether that u he wyl, for I desyre neuer more 

harne8 14 / feche them theyr, as he 15 lost them* 'A, 5 
24 sir,' quod Gloryaunt, 16 1 greate payne ye put hym vnto, 
whan for so small 17 offence ye are so sore displeasyd with 
Huon / & as for the harnes 14 that ye wolde haue agayne, 
ye know well howe Huon of Burdeux dyd conquere 
28 it / he had ben lost yf it had not bene / grete yll 
ye shall do yf ye cause hym not to haue it agayne. 
18 But, syr, sen 19 I haue lycence to brynge hym out of the 
yle, I pray you shew me in what plase is the yls where 

1 Not so. 2 -* were forbidden. 3 the. 4 - 4 yet they. 
6 alas. 6 so earnestly. T — 7 and answering. 

8 no. 9 -» therefore. 10 now. 11 that. 
u omitted, 13 vnto. 14 armour. 16 hath, 
w Mallabron. 17 an. 18 Fol. xli. back, col. 1. 

10 since. 



The island where 
Huon lie* is 
called Noysant. 

Malabron finds 
Hoon there, 

and unbinds him. 

Malabron tells 
him Oberon's 

Huon complains 
of Oberon's 
hardness of 

as he is.' Than Gloryant sayd / 4 brother MaUebrone / 
this yle is nere to 1 helle, & is callyd the yle Noysant* / 
'well,' quod Mallebron, 'than I commend you all to 
our lorde Ihem cryst* / and so 2 departyd and came to 4 
the see syde / 3 wha;* he cam there he lept in to the see 
and began to swym as fast as the byrde flyeth in the 
eyer / and so aryuyd in y e yle Noysaunt / and so came 
to 1 Huon / whom he founde sore wepynge, and sayd / 8 

* syr Huon, I pray our lorde Ihesu Cryst to socoure & 
ayde thee. 9 1 A, very 4 god/ quod Huon, ' who is it 6 that 
speketh to 1 meT / 'Huon,' quod he, 'I am a man 
who loueth the, and am called Mallebron, & am a 12 
best of the see who hathe or 6 this tyme borne the ouer 
the salt water to Babylon.' 'A, Mallebron, dero 
brother/ quod Huon, 4 1 requyre the vnbynd me & 
brynge me out of this dolouros payne ' / * with a ryght 16 
good wyll/ quod Mallebron / than he dyd vnbynde 
hym and openyd his iyes / whan Huon saw that he was 
ryght ioyfull / & demaundyd who sent hym thether / 

' Huon/ quod he, * know for trouthe 5 / it was kinge 20 
Oberon, & where as I was condewnyd before to be a 
best of the see xxx yere, nowe for thy sake I must 
endure so .xxviii. yere more / yet I care not for the 
payne / for y* loue that I bere to 1 the ; there is no payne 24 
impossyble to 1 me to bere / but I must bere 7 agayne to 1 
Oberon the ryche home & cuppe & harnes 8 / for so I 
haue promysyd kyng Oberon to do. 1 * A/ quod Huon, 

* I pray to our lorde Ihesu Cryst to confounde y* 28 
dwarfe who hath causyd me to endure all these paynes / 
for so small an occasyon * / 1 Huon/ quod Mallebron, 

* ye do yll to say soo / for ye haue no soner spoken it / 
but that kynge Oberon doth know it ' / 1 certenly/ quod 32 
Huon, * I care not what he can do ; he hath done me 

so myche yll that I can neuer loue hym / but, stV, I 

1 viito. 2 he. 
6 before. 

3 and. 
7 carie. 

4 deare. 
8 armour. 

6 that 

Digitized by 



pray the tell me yf thow a wylt bere me hense, or elles 
whether that I shall 2 byde here for euer ' / ' frond, 1 quod 
Mallebron, ' I shall 3 bere thee out of this yle & sette the 
4 on y e mayne londe / other ayde may I not do the ' 4 / 
thaw Mallebron tooke on 5 hym agayne his beste* skyn, 
& sayd, ' 8*V, lepe vp apon me ' / than Huon lept vp on 
his crope 6 as naked as euer he was borne / than 4 / 
8 Mallebron lept in to y e7 & began to swym, & Came to Mal&bron swims 
the mayne londe / & sayd / ' frend Huon, more seruyce main land, 
can I not do to 8 thee at this tyme / but I recommaunde and thei * le * ves 
the% to y e kepinge of our lorde god, who sende thee 

12 comforte / I 9 must go & seke for the home / cuppe & him to *o in 
harnes 10 / y' which thow. wert wont to haue & enioy / horn, cap and 
& I to 11 bere them to 8 kiwge Oberon, 12 thus haue I a^mou^ • 
promysyd to do* / & 9 / Huon was there all alone & 

16 naked / & 13 peteously compleynyd, 14 & sayd, * A, good Huon pray* to 
lorde, I requyre tJiee to ayde me / I know not where I hira^'iis* 0 ^ 
am, nor whether I may go, yet yf I had clothes to helpI * Mne,l • , 
couer my naked skyn I shuld haue sum comforte, 16 & 

20 to 15 go & seke sum aduenture / greatly I ought to hate y* 
croked dwarfe Oberon, who hath brought me in 16 all this 
payne / but by y e fayth that I owe to 8 god, sen 17 he 
hath left me thus / from hense forth to do hym the and declare* he 

24 more spyte I shall make lyes ynowe / 1 shall not leue for wToiI^tSt 6 
hym / *Aat 18 1 recommaunde hym 9 / to a .CM. deuelles' / hinT" **** d ° n * 
whan he had ben there a certen spase all alone / he 
arose & lokyd al about hym, to se if he myght perseyue 

28 any man passe by / by 19 whom he myght haue any 
socoure / 12 he was nere famyshyd for lake of sustenaunce, 
how be it, he thought to departe thense to seke sum 
aduenture / he went on his way ; he went so farre that Huon journeys on 

1 Fol. xli. back, col. 2. 2 must. 3 will. 4 and. 
6 vppon. 0 backe. 7 Sea (omitted in Crawford MS.). 

8 vnto. 9 now. 10 armour. 11 am. 12 for. 
13 omitted. 14 complayning. 16 ~ 16 for then I might. 
16 to. 17 seeing. 18 whom. 

19 from. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. li 

in hope of ■ 



he founde an aduenture / such as ye shall here / for 
our lord Jh?*u cryat neuer forgetteth his frendes. 1 

He sees an old 
man sitting 
under an oak tree 
In a fair meadow. 

Food and wine 
are spread out 
before him. 

At his side lie a 
harp and a viol. 

The minstrel 
offers Huon 
clothing and 

The minstrel 
is a man of 

% How Huotf fouwde a mkstrell, who gaue 
hym clothinge & mete, & toke Huon with 4 
hym as his varlette, & went to Mombrant. 

Ca. .li. 

Han Huon had gone a greate way he 
behelde on his ryght hande / and sawe 8 
nere hym a lytyll wood by a fayre 
medow side, and therin was stondyng 
a grete oke full of leues / & there 
beside was a clere founteyne, and there he saw an 12 
aunsyent man with whyte heres syttynge vnder the oke / 
& before hym he had a lytel cloth sprede a brode on 
the grasse / & theron flessh & brede & wyne in a botell / 
whan Huon saw the old man / he came to 8 hym / & y - 16 
aunsyent man sayd, ' A, thou wylde man, I pray the 
for y* loue of mahounde do me no hurt / but take 
mete & drynke at thy pleasure' / whan Huon saw 
hym / he spyed lyeng beside hym an harp and a vyall 20 
wheron he coude well play, for in all pagany there was 
no mynstrell lyke him / ' frende,' quod Huon, ' thou 
hast namyd me ryght / for a more vnhappy 4 than I am 
ther is none lyuynge ' / ' frende/ quod y* mynstreiJ, 24 
' go to yonder male & open it, & take what thou, lykest 
best to couer thy naked skyn / than come to me & ete 
at thy pleasure ' / ' syr,' quod Huon, ' good aduenture 
is come to 3 me thus to fynde you / mahounde rewarde 28 
you ' / ' syr,' quod the mynstrell, * I pray the come & 
ete with me, & kepe me company / for thou shalt not 
fynde a more sorowfull 4 than I am.' ' By my fayth/ 
quod Huon, ' a companyon of your owne sort haue y e 32 

1 seruanteB. 2 Fol. xlii, col. 1. 3 vnto. 4 man. 

Digitized by 




founde / for there was neuer man that hath sufferyd so 
myche pouerte as I laude 1 be to 2 hym that fourmyd 
me / but sen 3 I haue founde mete to ete, blyssyd by y e and Haon thanks 
4 owre that I haue founde you / for ye seme to be a good welcome, 
man 1 / than Huon went to y e male and tooke clothes, 
& than came to 2 the mynstrell & sat downe, & dyd ete 
& drynke as myche as pleasyd hym / the mynstrell 
8 behelde Huon, & saw how he was a fayre yong man 
& 4 courteys / & than he demaundyd of hym where he The minstrel 
was borne, & by what aduenture he was aryued there Jfi and ** Wrth " 
in that case that he was in / whan 5 Huon herde how the adNenture "' 

12 mynstrell demaundyd of his estate / he began to study 
in hymselfe whether he shulde shewe the trouthe or 
eles to lye / than he callyd on 6 our lord god & sayd, 
'a, good lorde, yf I shew this man the trouthe of 

16 myne aduenture I am but deed. A, 7 Oberon, for a 
small offence thou hast left me in thys case, for 8 yf I 
shew the trouthe of my lyfe to this man I am but deed ; 
I shall neuer trust the more / but I wyll 8 put al my 

20 dedes 9 in god / for the loue that I haue to my louer 10 

thou hast me in hate / but sen 3 it is so, as often as I Haon resolves to 
haue nede I shall lye, nor I shall not leue it for fere of defiance of 
the / but rather do it in dyspyght of the ' / than Huon waging! 

24 sayd to the mynstrell, * Syr, ye haue demaundyd of 
myne estate, and as yet I haue made you none answer / 
the trouthe is, I fynde my self so wel at myn ease that 
I forgat to answer you / but I shal 8 shew you, sen 8 

28 ye wold know it / syr, of certen I am 11 borne of 12 the He declares that 
countre of aufryke / and fell in company with dyuers Africa, 
merchauntes by the see in a shyppe, thynkynge to haue 
sayled to Damiet / but a grete mysfortune fell apon vs ; 

32 there rose suche an orryble tempest that our shyppe and wu 
pereshyd, and all that 13 with in it none scapyd but I, and his way to 


1 praise. 2 vnto. 8 seeing. 4 a. 8 FoL xlii. col. 2. 
6 to. T and king. 8 now. 9 trust. 10 Loue. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. li. 

The minstrel 
tells how his 
name is Mouflet, 

and how his 
master was the 
whom a 
basely slew. 

Huon says his 
name is Salater. 

The minstrel 
laments his 

and longs to 
revenge himielf 
on his master's 

But he invites 
Salater to follow 
him to the 
court of King 
Ivoryn, the 
brother of 

I thanke mahounde that I am scapid alyue, therfore I 
desyre you now to shew me your aduenture as I haue 
shewyd you rayne' / 'frende,' quod the mynstrell, 
' sen 1 ye wyll know it / know for trouthe I am namyd 4 
Mouflet / I am a mynstrell, as thou seest here by myne 
instrumentes / and I say to 2 the that fro hense to the 
red see there is none so connynge in all instrumentes as 
I am / and I can do many other thynges / and the 8 
doloure that thou seest me make is by cause of late I 
haue lost my good lorde and mayster, the admyrall 
Gaudys / who was slayne myserablye by a vacabounde 
of Fraunce callyd Huon / that mahounde shame hym / 12 
and brenge hym to an yll deth, 8 for by hym I am fallen 
in to pouerte and mysery. I pray the tell me thy 
name'/ 'Syr/ quod Huon, 'my name is Salater.' 
'Well,' quod the mynstrell, 'Salater, dysmay the not 16 
for the grete pouertes that thou hast sufferyd / thou 
seest what aduenture Mahounde hath sent the / thou 
art nowe better arayed than thou wert / yf thou wylt 
folowe my couyisell thou shalt haue no nede / thou 20 
arte fayre & yonge / thou oughtest not to be dys- 
mayed / but I that am old and auwsyent haue cause to 
be dyscomfortyd / sen 1 in myne old dayes I haue lost 
my lord and mayster, the admyrall Gaudys, who dyd 24 
me so mych good and profyte / I wold it pleasyd 
mahounde that he that slew hym were in my power ' / 
whan Huon herde that he spake no worde, but cast 
downe his hede. ' Salater,' quod the mynstrell, ' sen 1 28 
my lord is deed, I wyll goo to Mombrant to kynge 
Iuoryn / to shewe hym the de(h of his brother, the 
admyrall Gaudys / and yf thou wylt abyde with me so 
that thou wylt bere my fardell and harp a fote / or 4 it be 32 
halfe a yere past I waraunt 6 thou shalt haue a horse / 
for whan so euer thou shalt here me play vpon my 


2 vnto. 
4 ere. 

s Fol. xlii. back, col 1. 
6 thee. 

Digitized by 




instrumentes / all the herers shall take therin suche 
pleasure / that they shall gyue me bothe gownes & 
mantelles, so that thou shalt haue myche a do to truss 
4 them in my male/ 1 ' A/ after 1 quod Huon, 4 1 am 
content to serue you and to do all your co??imaunde- 
mentes.' Than Huon tooke the male in 2 his necke & Huon fotiow» 

Mouflet as his 

the harpe in his hande / and Mouflet, his mayster, bare servant. 
8 the vyall / & thus the mayster and the seruaunt went 
on there way to go to Mombrant. 'A, good lord,' 
quod Huon, ' my herte ought to be sorowfull when I 
se myselfe in this case / that now I must become a 

12 mynstrelles varlet. goddes curse haue Oberon the 
dwarf e, who hath done me all this anoyaunce. 8 Alas, 
yf I had no we my good hemes 4 / my home / and my 
cuppe 6 1 wold reken all the sorow that I haue enduryd 

16 at 6 no thynge. A, 7 whan I had .xiii. knyghtes to serue 
me, how is the 8 chaunse now toumyd that I 9 must serue 
a pore mynstrelL' whan Mouflet herd Huon make 
suche sorow within hymselfe he sayd / ' dere brother Mouflet consoles 

20 Salater, take good comfort / for 10 or it be 10 to morow at who weeps 
nyght, thou shalt se y* good chere that shalbe made to ^^le^suto. 
me / wherof thou shalt haue parte / & of all y e goodes 
that I can gette.' ' Mayster/ quod Huon, ' mahounde 

24 rewarde you for the goodnes that ye haue shewyd me / 
& shall do ' / thus the mayster & the seruant went 
forth to gether deuysynge. at last Huon spied be- 
hynde them comyng certen men of armes holdynge Five hundred 

28 the way to Mombrant. ' Mayster/ quod Huon / * here them on their 
behynde vs are commynge men in armure, I know not Jouruey ' 
yf 11 they wyll do vs any hurt or not ' ' Salater/ quod 
Mouflet / * be not abashyd / we wyl abyde here & 

32 know whether they wyll go ' / & w/tA in a while the 
men of warre came to them / who were in nombre a 12 

l—i «"Well, Sir.' 2 on. s trouble. 4 armour. 
• Fol. xlii. back, col. 2. 6 as. 7 But. « this. 
9 myself. I0 - 10 before. 11 whether. " omitted. 



[Ca. liL 

who are ileo 

proceeding to 

They tell Haon 
how they are 
going to Join 
King Ivoryn's 
which he is 
assembling to do 
battle with the 
Admiral who 

Esclaramonde at 

.v.c. persons / the mynstrell saiutyd them and sayd, 
'Syrs, I pray you shew me wheder ye wyll go' / 
' f rend/ quod one of them / ' by cause we se that ye be 
a ientyll mynstrell I shall shewe you / we are goynge 4 
to kynge Iuoryn of Mombrant / who wyll 1 go and 
make ware vpon y e admyrall Gallaffer / by cause that 
now of late / the damesell Esclaramonde, doughter to 
the admyrall Gaudys, passyd by Anfalarne / who sholde 8 
haue ben brought to her vncle, kynge Iuoryn of Mom- 
brant / but the admyrall Gallaffer toke her by force / 
& slew all them that lede her / & hath maryed the 
fayre Esclaramonde / wherof kyng Iuoryn is as sorow- 12 
full as may be / & for that cause we be sent for by 
kynge Iuoryn / who is *in mynde 2 to assemble all his 
power / to go & dystroy y e admyrall Galaffer. Now I 
haue shewyd you the cause of our goynge to the cy te 1 6 
of Mombrant. ' 

Huon propose* to 
Mouflet that they 
should go to the 

The minstrel 

and arrives at 
King Ivoryn's 

% 8 Howe Huon and his mayster Mouflet 
aryued at Mombrant, and how Huon spake 
with kyng yuoryn. Cap. .lii. 20 

, Hen Huon of Burdeux vnderstode the 
paynyms how they were goynge where 
as 4 the lady Esclaramonde was / he was 
surpry8ed, 6 and sayde to his mayster / 24 
'pyr, I requyre you let vs go to the 
warre with tlie?n ' / ' salater/ quod Mouflet, 4 beware 
what thou say est / for there 6 as warre is I wolde not 
come there for ony thynge.' Thus they wente forthe 28 
tyll 7 they came to Mombrant / and wente strayte to the 
palayes, where as he 8 founde kynge yuoryn & all his 
barons / when the mynstrell sawe hym / he saluted hym 
in the name of Mahounde / and sayd, ' syr, I am ryght 32 
dolorous for the newes that I brynge you / for, syr, 

1 needs. *-* minded. * Fol. xliii. col. 1. 
6 with ioye. 6 where. 7 vntill. 

« omitted. 
8 they. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lii.] how huon visits ring ivorys. 


your brother, my lorde & mayster, tlie Admyrall 
Gaudys / is pyteously slayne.' 4 Mouflet/ quod 
yuoryn, 'these newes hathe ben broughte to 1 me be- 
4 fore this tyme, wherof I am sory 2 / & also I am sory 
for my nece, the fayre Esclaramonde / who is kept 
fro me / by y e Admyrall Galafer / & for ony message 
that I can sende to hym / he wyll not sende her 3 to 
8 me. But by the faythe that I owe to my god 
Mahounde, I shall make hym suche warre that the The King 
memory therof shall be had a" hondred yere hereafter / intention*!)" 
for I shall leue hym neuer a fote of lande, but I shall XnSmUnd 

1 2 brynge all in to fyre and flame / and clene dystroy hym ; Esclararaond «» 
and in the dyspyte of his teth I wyll se my nece 
Esclaramond / and yf I may gete her I shall cause her 
to be stryken all to peces, and brynne 4 her in to asshes / 

1 6 for my broder is deed by a vyllayne of Frauwce on 6 whom 

she was amorous/ whan Huon herde him 6 speke of his whose rather fen 
lady / his herte rose, and made promyse in hymself e / her French lover, 
that or 7 the moneth were past he wolde go & se her or 8 

20 fynde the maner 9 to speake with her / then kyng 
yuoryn called Mouflet the mynstrell, & sayd, ' frend, I 
pray thee do some thyng to make me mery, for by King iroryn art* 

Mouflet to make 

reason of the dyspleasure that I haue had my ioye is him merry. 

24 lost / therfore it were better for me to take some myrth 
then to be long in sorow ' / ' syr,' quod Mouflet, ' I am 
redy to do your pleasure ' / then he toke his vyall & 
playde therof in suche wyse that it was grete melody 

28 to here it / for all the paynyms that were there had The minstrel 

plays on hie viol, 

grete ioye & myrth, & made grete feest 10 / when Huon 

herde it he sayde, * good lord, I requyre the that this the music so 

charms the 

grete loy may turne to me, as to here some good newes Psynim hearers 
32 of her whom I desyre 11 sore to se.' when the mynstrell 
had fynysshed his songe / the paynyms dyde of theyr 

1 vnto. 2 much agreeued. 3 backe. 4 burne. 
* vppon. 6 Fol. xliii. col. 2. 7 ere. 8 and. 
• meanes how. 10 feasting. 11 so. 



[Ca. Hi. 

that they give 
Mouflet many 
presents of 

Ivoryn uys that 
Huon is too fkir 
to scire a 

Mouflet tolls 
how he succoured 

Ivoryn warns 
Mouflet that Huon 
will rob him of 
his property, 
and kill him 
when he is rich. 

clothes / and some gaue hym ther gownes / and some 

theyr mantelles / he thought hymselfe ryght wel happy 

that coulde gyue the mynstrell ony thynge. Huon had 

ynough to do to gather togyther the clothes that were 4 

gyuen hym, and he put them in to his male / wher of 

Huon was ioyf ull bycause he sholde haue the one half e. 

Kynge yuoryn behelde Huon, & sayd to 1 them that were 

about hym / ' grete domage it is that so fayre a yonge 8 

man sholde serue a mynstrel , / 'syr kyng/ 2 quod 

Mouflet, ' be not abasshed though this yonge man do 

serue me, he hathe cause so to do / for when youre 

broder was dede I departed fro thews to come hy ther, 1 2 

and by the way I founde a grete oke, vnder the whiche 

I sate downe to rest me, and therby was a fayre 3 

fountayne / fayre and clere / there I spred abrode a 

towel on the grene 2 grasse / and set theron brede and 16 

suche meate as I had, and drynke 4 / and the same 

tyme / this yonge man aryued & cam to 1 me al naked / 

& prayed me for the loue of Mahound to gyue hym 

some of my brede, 5 and so I dyde, and clothed hym as 20 

ye se / & I dyde so moche for hym that he promysed 

to serue me and to bere my fardel and my harpe / and 

more ouer, when I cam to ony passage of water he 

wolde caste me in his necke as lyght as though I had 24 

ben nothynge / he is so stronge, & bere me ouer ' / ' a, 

poore caytife,' quod kyng yuoryn, ' hast thou lyued so 

long & can not perceyue why he doth it ? / he abydeth 

tyll 6 thou haste goten some ryches, and then he wyll 28 

cut thy throte and cast thee in 7 the ryuer, and then go 

away with all thy ryches / cause hym to come & speke 

with me ' / * syr/ quod Mouflet, ' he shai come to you,' 

and so 8 called Huon, and broughte hym to kynge 32 

yuoryn. 'A, frende/ quod the kyng, 'I pray tJiee 

shew me where thou were borne / for I haue pyte of the 

1 vnto. 2 omitted, 8 greate. 4 as I had. 
* Fol. xliii. back, col. 1. 6 vntill. T to. 8 he. 

Digitized by 


Ca. liii.] iiow ivory n marvels at huon. 


to se the in so low estate as to be varlet to a mynstrell / The King c»n» 

Huon and asks 

it were better for the to serue some prynce / or helpe him why he is 
to kepe a towne / or a castell, rather then thus to lese Jj^ ngsomeana 
4 thy tyme / 1 wote not what I shold thinke therin. But 
that it semeth to be 1 / for 2 that thou arte of a faynte 
corage. what hathe moued the thus to do 1 / thou seest 
thy mayster hath nothynge but that he geteth with his 
8 vyal ; canst thou fynde none other crafte 3 to lyue by 
more honestly 1 ' ' Syr/ quod Huon, * I can craftes 
ynow / the whiche I shall name to 4 you yf ye wyl here 
me ' / * say on,' quod yuoryn, ' for I haue gret desyre 

12 to know what thou cansto do / but of one thynge I 
aduyse the: make no vaunt of ony thynge without thou. 
canst do it in dede / for in euery thynge I wyll proue 
thee.* 'Syr,' quod Huon, ' I can mew a sparhawke / Huon telle the 

16 and I can chase theherte / & the wyld bore, and blowe 
the pryce, and serue the houndes of theyr ryghtes, and 
I can serue at the table before a grete prynce, and I can 
playe at chesse and tables as well as ony other can do / 

20 nor I neuer fouwde man coulde wynne of me yf I lyst. 

% 6 How kynge Iuoryn caused his doughter 
*play at the chesse with Huon, 7 on the 7 
ccwdycyon that yf he were mated he shold 
24 lese his heed, & yf she were mated / Huon 
shold 8 lye with her all nyght 8 / and how 
Huon wan the game. Cap. .liii. 

Hen kyncj yuoryn herd Huon he sayd, i?«yn cannot 

believe that Huon 

'holde the to this, for I shall proue haeeomany 
whether it be true that thou sayest or accom P ll ■ h,nent ■• 
not* / 'yet, syr, 9 I pray you let me 
shew forther what I can do / & then 

1 mee. a omitted. 
8 Fol. xliii. back, col. 2. 

8-8 haue her loue. 

4 vnto. 

3 meanes. 
8 to. 
9 (quoth Huon). 



Digitized by 




[Ca. liii. 

assaye me at youre pleasure.' 'By Mahouwde,' quod 
the kynge, 'I am content 1 thou shewest 1 al that thou 
canst do.' ' Syr/ quod Huon, ' I can ryght wel arme 
me / & set the helme on my hede / & here a shelde & 4 
epere / & rynne & galop a hors / & when it cometh to 
the poynt 2 ther as 2 strokes shold be gyuen, ye may well 
sende forth a worse thew I. Also, syr, I can ryght wel entre 

in to ladyes chambres to embrace & to 3 kys them, & to 8 
do 4 the rest yf nede were' 4 / 'frende,' quod yuoryn, 
He will make ' by that 5 I here by thee thou canst do mo thynges then 
knowledge of shold torne to good / but to proue the I shall cause 
HeahidipUy thee to be assayed at y* playe of the chesse. I haue a 12 
Sinter. f a ) rre doughter with whom I wyll thou shalt play, 6 on 

if he win he y' 8 cowdyeion that yf she wynne 7 thou shalt lese thy 

•hall lie with her, 

end if he loee hede / & yf thou, canst mate her 7 I promyse 8 that thou 
^ehaii eureiy Bna ^ haue her 9 one nyght in thy bed / to do 9 vritJi her 16 

at thy pleasure, & a .C. marke of money there wM,' 
'syr/ quod Huon, 'yf it were your pleasure I wolde 
be glad to forbere that enterpryce ' / 4 by Mahound,' 

quod y e kyng, ' it shall be none other wyse, com ther of 20 
what wyll' / in y e mene seson that this bargerc was 
The maiden u makynge / a paynym went in to y* ladyes chamber & 


shewed her howe there was with the kynge her fader a 
yonge man, & 10 had made promyse how he shold play at 24 

y e chesse with her, 6 on y e6 condycyon that yf he lese 11 y* 
game / 12 he shall 13 lese his hede / & yf he 14 wynne, then 
16 to haue her all nyght in his bed to do his pleasure 16 / 

she leame how & a C. marke of money / 16 ' & dame,' 18 quod he, ' I ensure 28 

#WI» UnAn im 

you he that shall play agaynst you is the moost 3 fay rest 
man that euer I 8a we / pyte it is that he shold be 
a verlet to a mynstrel as he is ' / ' by Mahouwde,' qwod 

1-1 that thou shalt shew. *— a where. 3 omitted, 
4 — 4 them any seruioe. 6 which. 6 — * vpon. r then. 
8 thee. 9 ~ 9 to thy wife, to repose. 10 who. u lost 
13 Fol. xliiii. col. 1. 13 should then. 14 chaunced to. 
16—16 ij e i 0 naue you to hj 8 wedded wife. 
w- M But, Madam. 

(air Hnon is. 

Ca. liii.] op the game op chess. 179 

y* lady, * I holde my father a fole when he thynketh 
that I 8hold sufifre a maw to dye for wynnynge of 
a game at chesse.' Then yuoryn sent for his dough ter 

4 by .iL kynges, who brought her to y* kynge her father / 
then yuoryn sayd, 4 Dough ter / thoxx must play at King ivoryn uiu 
chesse with this yong varlet that thou seest here / so 0 f the game!* 1 * 0 " 
that yf thon wynne x he shall lese his heed / & yf he 

8 wynne 1 1 wyll that he shall 2 lye with thee one nyght 2 
to do with thee at his pleasure.' 'Father/ quod y e 
lady* * ay 1 * 3 this is your pleasure, it is reason that I do it 
whether I wyll or not ' / then she behelde Huon, whom «ndat tigh|of 
12 8he saw 4 ryght fay re, & sayd to her selfe, 4 By himmtdiy. 
Mahounde, for the grete beaute that I se in this yonge 
man, I wolde this game were at an ende, so that I were 
6 a bed with hym all nyght.' 6 

16 G51ifeWfc>^ en ^ e WaS COme Pla 068 Huon and the 

were made redy / then she & Huon ^ 1,1 down t0 
sate downe, & the 6 kynge yuoryn & all 
the 7 barons sat downe aboute them to 
20 ^^^^8^ se them play / then Huon sayd to the 
kynge / 4 sir, I requyre you / that you nor none other 
do speke in our game / nother for y e one party nor for 
y* other ' / 4 frende,' quod the kynge / 4 haue no doute 
24 therof ' / & for more suerte the kynge caused to be silence i* 
cryed 8 thorow 9 all y* palays that none sholde be so ejector*? th ° 
hardy 10 to speke one worde on 11 payn of deth / then y e 
chesse were made redy ; then 12 Huon sayd, 'lady, what 
28 game wyl ye play at ? ' 4 frende,' qnod she, 4 at y e game 
accustomed, that is, to be mated in y e corner ' / then 
they both began to study for y* fyrst draught / ther 
were paynyms that beheld Huon / but he cared not for 
32 ony of them / but studyed on his game, y e whiche they 

had begon, so that Huon had lost parte 13 of his pawnes, ^^ B lo#a ' iome 

1 then. *-* be thy husband. 8 seeing. 4 to be. 
*— 6 his wedded wife. 6 omitted. 7 his. 8 proclaymed. 
8 out 10 as. 11 vpon. 12 and. 13 Fol. xliiii. col. 2. 

N 2 

Digitized by 



[Ca. liii. 

wher with he chau/iged coloure & blusshed as rede as 
a rose / the damsell perceyued him, & sayd, ' frende, 
wheron do ye thynke ye are nye 1 mated / anone my 
fader wyl stryke of your hede ' / ' dame/ 2 quod he, * as 4 
yet y e game is not done / grete shame shall your father 
haue, when ye shall lye all nyghte in myn armee, & I 
beyng but a varlet 3 to a pore mynstrell ' / when the 
barons herde Huon say so they began all to laugh. 8 
The maiden And the lady who was 4 8urprysed with the loue of 

neglect* the game . 

tor lore of Huon, Huon for 5 y e grete beaute that she sawe in hym, so 0 
m that she nye forgate all her play to thynke of Huon, 7 

and 1* at length 8 so that 8 she lost y* game / wherof Huon was 9 ioyfull / 12 

check mated. 

& called y e king, & sayd, ' sir, now may ye se how I can 
play / for 10 yf I wyll 11 a lytell more study 12 / 1 wolde 18 
mate your doughter where as I lyst / when the kyng 
iroryn la angry sawe that he sayd to his doughter / 'a ryse, cursed be 16 
daughter. y e houre that euer 6 I gate the / for grete dyshonour 
thou hast 14 done to me, 15 when so many grete men 
thou hast mated, 15 & now I se here before me 16 that 
a mynstrelles varlet hathe mated the ' / * sir,' quod 20 
Huon reieaee. her Huon, ' trouble not your self f or that cause / as for the 
hehad b mIdT er wager that I sholde wyn therby, I am content to 
with the King. re i eee ft q U yte ; let youre doughter go in to her chambre 

& sporte her with her damselles at her pleasure, & 24 
I shall go & serue my mayster y e mynstrel.' * frende,' 
quod the kyng, ' yf thou wylt shewe me this curteyse, 
I shall gyue the a .C. marke in money ' / ' str,' quod 
Huon, ' I am content with youre pleasure ' / & y e lady 28 
The maiden went her way sorowf till, & sayd to her selfe / ' a, false 
aeff^uie'of faynted hert, Mahounde confouwde the / f or yf I had 
iE<m. T0ft>r knowe that thou woldest thus a 17 refused my company 

1 almost. 2 Madame. * seruant 4 so. 
* in regard of. 6 omitted. 7 him. a - 8 wherby. 

8 right. 10 but. u would. 
12 Btudie but before a lytell more. 13 could. 14 now. 
1&-16 tnft t heretofore hast mated so many great men. 
16 my face. 17 haue. 

Digitized by 


I wold haue mated the / & then thou haddest lost thy 
hed ' / thus y* mater passyd tyl y* next daye / thaw kyng 
yuorin made x a crye 1 thorow 2 all the cyte that euery ivory n order* ins 

army to prepare 

4 man shoide be armed & mounted on theyr horses, & for battle. 

that it was his mynd to set forward toward his enemyes. 

then euery man armed them & mounted on 3 theyr 

horses; many helmes gletred agaynst the sonne / & 
8 many trompettes & taboures began to sowne / suche 

brute was made in the cyte that it was meruayle to 

here it. 

% How that 4 Huon was aryued 6 & mounted 
12 on a poore horse, and went after the army 
to anferlerne. Ca. liiii. 

Hen Huon sawe howe he had not wher- 
with to arme him his hert mourned 
ryght sore / for gladly he wolde a 6 gone 
forth with other yf he myght haue 7 
ony hors to ryde 8 on / 9 he came to kyng Huon beg* for a 
yuoryn, & sayd, ' syr, I requyre you let me haue a hors armour in order 
20 & harnes 10 / that I may go with you to y e batayle / & battle, 
then shall ye se how I can ayde you ' / ' frende,' quod 
yuorin, ' I am content 11 ye come 12 with rae' / then the 
kyng coramaunded one of his chawberlaynes to delyuer 
24 him 13 hors & harneys, 10 & y e chamberlayn sayd / ' sir, The Kind's 

. in chamberlain 

beware what ye do / for often tymes suche fleynge doubts Huon, and 
vacabondes are of 18 lyght corage / yf he haue 13 hors & thTtrattoT* P ' My 
harneys 10 / he may as sone go to your enemyes parte as 
28 to kepe with you / s/r, 14 neuer trust me but he is some 
counterfeyt varlet' / when the kynge herde him 15 / he 
sayd, ' it may well be / yet let him haue a good harnes 10 

1-1 proclamation. 2 out. 3 Fol. xliiii. back, col. 1. 

4 omitted. 6 armyd. 6 haue. 7 had. 
8 hauf ridden. 9 wherefore. 10 armour. 11 that. 
12 goe. 13 a. 14 and. 15 say so. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. liv. 

Ivoryn order* 
that a poor hone 
be given him. 

A paynim offers 
Huon a rusty old 

which the 
knight finds to 
have come from 
the same forge 
as Roland's 

Hoon thanks the 
paynim for the 

He ia given a 
lean an 


and tlie paynims 
mock at him 
when lie 
mounts it. 

& helmo / & shelde / & let his hors be but of a small 
valew, to the entent 1 he shall not go ferre of though he 
wold ' / the same tyme there was a paynym that herde 
the kyng graunt how Huon shold haue harneys 2 / he 4 
went to his howse & toke out of his cofer an olde 
rusty swerde, & brought it to Huon / & sayd, ' frend, I 
se wei ye haue no swerde to ayde yourself with all, & 
therfore I gyue you this swerde, the whiche I haue 8 
long kept in my cofer ' / y e paynym dyd gyue it to 
Huon in a mockery / for he thought y* swerde but of 
a small valew. Huon toke y - swerde & drew it out of 
y e sheth, & saw letters wrytten theron in frewche / 12 
seyng 3 how the* swerd was forged by galans, who in bis 
daies forged .iii. swerd es / & the 1 same swerd was one of 
the thre / 4 one was 4 durandell, 5 the which Eowlande 
had 5 / 6 the .ii. was 6 courtayn / when Huon had rede y e 16 
letters he was ryght ioyful, & sayd to y e paynim / 
t frende, for this good swerde that ye haue gyuen me I 
thanke you / & I promys you yf I may lyue longe 
I shall rewarde you with the double valewe therof. 20 
after 1 Huon hadde this swerde there was brought 7 him a 
good harneis 2 / helme / sheld, & spere with a rusty hed. 
Huon cared lytell for it by reason of y e gret desyre that 
he had to come to the place where as he myght she we 24 
his strength & vertue / then ther was brought to him a 
lene hors, pylled with a long necke & a grete bede / 
when Huon saw that hors he toke hi?n by y e brydell & 
lept vpon him without ony fote in y e styrop, in the 28 
syght of a .M. paynyms that were there present / & 
some said it was not wel done to geue him a hors 
the which coude not serue nor ayde him in tyme of 
nede / when Huon was mounted on his lene feble horse / 32 
he was sorowfull / for well he perceyued how they 

1 that. * armour. * Vol xliiii. back, ool. 2. 
4-4 and the second was called. 6 - 6 omitted. 
•~° and the third. 7 vnto. 

Digitized by 


Ca. liv.] op kino ivoryn's victory. 183 

mocked him, & sayd softly to himself e / ' a, ye fals 
paynyms, yf I may lyue a yere / I shall quyte your 
mockes 9 / then Huon rode forth with other / but for all 
4 that he coude do with his spurres, the hors wolde 
go / but his owne softe pace / wherof 1 dyuers paynyms 
mocked him. thus kyng yuoryn departed fro Mombrant 
with his grete army, & taryed in y e feldes for his men / 
8 & when they were all assembled togyder, then he ivoryn leads i.u 
departed & toke y e way to Anfalerne / the which was 2 AnfiLrne, 
of / but .iiii. leggea of 3 / & whan they came there they and captures aii 
ran before the cyte & draue away al the bestes, the city. 

1 2 beofes and motons, & sent thern to mombrant / the?? 
when y e admyral galaffer saw kyng yuoryn before his 
cyte, & had dryuen away all the praye aboute tbe 
towne / he was so sorowfull that he was nere hande out 

16 of his wyt / & then he saw 4 the fayre Esclaramonde 
before him, & sayd / ' dame, 5 the grete loue that I haue 
set on you is this day derely bought / for by your The Admiral i* in 

f . , . , 0 iP fear for himself 

occacion I se my countre destroyed & my men slayne & and country, 
20 led in smivtude ' / ' sir,' quod she, ' I am sory therof / 

J . ' Esclanimonde she 

it lyeth in you to amende it / syn 6 this yll is come to ha* caused i»u 

... * misery. 

you by me / then it is in you to render me to kyng she uks to be 

. surrendered to 

yuoryn / & therby ye & your countre shall be m rest & King ivoryn, 
24 peace' / 'fayre lady,' quod Galaffer / 'by y e grace of 
Mahound / for ony fere that I haue of yuoryn your 
vncle I wyll not render you in to his handes tyll 7 I haue *»t tn « Admiral 

J J J refuses to follow 

had of you my pleasir ' / ' air, 1 quod she, ' ye may do her advice. 

28 with me as it shall please you after that the .ii. yeres 
be past for y e accomplysshyng of myn auow.' * dame/ 6 
quod Galaffer / ' 8 or I 8 render you to your vncle yuoryn 
I shall haue neuer a foote of lande, 9 fyrst it shall be 

32 clene dystroyod.' 

1 wherat 2 distant. 3 omitted, 4 Fol. xlv. col. 1. 
6 Madame. 6 seeing. 7 vntill. 8-8 before I will. 
9 for. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. lv. 

% Howe Huon fought with Sorbryn & slewe 
hym, & wan the good horse Blawchardyn, 
whero# he mounted, & wan the batayle / 
& was brought with grete tryuwphe to 4 
Mombrant. Cap. .lv. 

Sorbryn, tbt 
nephew, oflera to 
challenge the 
boldest of 
Ivoryn'e soldiers, 

on the condition 
that If he U 
shall be restorod, 

and if he is 
Iroryu shall 
return after 
pajing twice the 
ralue of the 
damage he has 
already done. 

Sorbryn arms 
and his good 
horse Blanchardin 
is brought him. 

He;* Sorbryn, nephew to y* admyrall 
Galaffer, herde his vncle make suche 
sorow, he sayd to him / ' fayre vncle, 8 
be not dysmayed, though yuoryn hath 
take?* & slayne some of your men, & 
dryuew away your beste*. for eche 1 of yours, yf I 
lyue, I shall render agayn to you .iiii. I shal tell you 12 
how I shal 2 go & arme me, & yssu out & shew to 
yuoryn that* he 2 set one or .ii. of y e moost 4 hardy est 6 of 
all his hoost to fyght wit/* me / & 6 yf it be so that I be 
ouercome / thew 7 rejulre his 8 nece Esclaramowd to him 16 
to do witft her at his pleasir ; & yf that I dyscomfyte 
his men / then let him departe, so that 9 all y e damage 
that he hath 10 to you in this warre he to 11 render agayne 
to you y e double therof / for better it were that this 20 
warre shold ende by .ii 12 men rather then so moche 
people shold be dystroyed ' / * fayre nephew/ quod 
Galaffer, * I herde neuer a better worde / I am well 
content yf ye wyll haue it thus ' / then Sorbryn went 24 
& armed him 13 / he was a goodly knyght / for in all y* 
paynyms landes there was not his pere, nor none tliat a 
proched nere to his valyaurctnes / when he was armed, 
then bla/tchardin, his good hors, was brought to him / 28 
y e bounte 14 of this hors exceded al other, & of beaute 
ther was none lyke him / he was as whyte as snow / y* 
fresshenes of his aparyll, it was so ryche & goodly that 



you to 


12 Fol. xlv. col. 2. 

4 omit fed. 6 men. 6 thai. 
0 for. 10 done. 11 will. 
13 himself. 14 goodness. 

Digitized by 



I can not make no 1 mencyon therof; but 2 no mm 
coude esteme the valew of y® ryches of y* brydel, sadel 
& haineis / then sorbrin lept vpon his hors with out 
4 oni styrop / 3 then he 3 toke a grete spere, & so rode out He ride* to Kin« 

J r 1 ° r Ivoryn and telU 

of y* cyte / & when he saw kyng yuoryn a ferre of, he him bis purpose, 
cryed a loude & said / ' a, thoxx yuorin of mombrant, y e 
admirall Galaffer hath sent me to the, & wyl that tlwu 
8 do arme on of 4 y e most 4 valyauntest men of thy court, 
& let him come agaynst me / & yf he can vanquysshe 
me / then he shal delyuer to thee thy nece Esclaramond / 
& 6 yf I ouercome thy man, then thou, to returne to thy 
12 cite & suffer thy nece 6 styll with him / & also thou to 
restore all y e domages that thou hast done 7 him & his in 
this warre ' / when yuoryn herd the paynym / he loked 
aboute him to se yf ony of his men wold take on him None of ivoryn's 

men will aocept 

16 this enterpryce to fyghte with Sorbryn / but there was sorbryn's 
no paynym that durste speke one worde / for they fered challenge * 
Sorbryn for y* fyerenes that was in him / & they said 
amonge them selfe that who so euer dyd fyght agaynst 

20 him were lyke myserably to fynysshe his days / y* same 
tyme that yuorin spake with Sorbryn / Huon was amonge 
y* other paynyms, & herd what sorbryn had sayd / Huon hears 
& also he «awe 8 no man durst go agaynst Sorbryn / 8o/bryn * word * 

24 then as wel as he myght he gate himselfe out of the prese 

vpon his lene horse. 3 he 8 strake him with his sporres / and rides forward 

on his poor steed. 

but for all that he coude do the horse wold nother trot nor 
galop / but go styll his owne pase. y e 9 olde mynstrell 

28 beheld Huon his varlet, who made hym redy to fight 
agaynst the paynym / and saw that he was so yll 
horsed, he 10 escryed a 10 hye, & sayd / 'syr kynge Ti.e minstreu 
yuoryn / it shal be to 11 you grete velany 12 when suche a itoryTwUh the 

32 horse that is no thynge worth ye haue delyuerd to 11 my ee^anrsh^rsej" 
varlet / who goeth for your sake to fyght with Sorbryn, ^ghfa^rTst 1 


1 due. 2 for. »-* and. thy. 6 but. 

• to remaine. 7 to. 8 that. 0 Fol. xlv. back, col. 1. 
10-10 cr y et i on# li vu to. 12 dishonour. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. Iv. 

Huon tells 
Sorbryn that he 
is a Christian. 

Sorbryn counsels 
him not to accept 
the challenge. 

Huon, however, 
will not change 
his purpose, 

and prepares for 
the duel. 

His horse will 
hardly bear him, 

and Sorbryn 
rushes at him. 

striking a heavy 

But Huon 
withstands its 


with whom none of your 1 men dare fyghte / grete synne 
it is that he hath not a better horse ' / then Huon sayd 
to 2 Sorbryn, * Sarazyn, I pray the speke with me'/ 
' Frende/ quod Sorbryn, * what wylte thou with me % 9 / 4 
'paynyni/ quod Huon, 4 1 requyre thee 3 proue thy 
vertue agaynst me.' ' Then/ qwod Sorbryn, 1 tell me, 
art thou a paynyme or a sarazyn ? ' * Frende/ quod 
Huon, * I am nother paynym nor sarazyn / but I am 8 
crystened / byleuynge in the lawe of Jesu cryste / & 
thoughe thou seest me but poorely apparelled / dyspyse 
me not / for I am com of a noble extraccyon / wherfore 
I requyre the on thy lawe that thou beleuest on, lette 12 
me not go without batayle.' 1 Frende/ quod Sorbryn, 
' in this request thou doest gret foly / for thou desyrest 
thy deth. I haue pyte of the / and therfore I counsell 
the to returne backed 'Paynym/ quod Huon, 'I had 16 
rather dye then to returne or 4 I haue iusted with thee.' 
then they went eche fro other to take theyr course, but 
for all that euer Huon coude do, his horse wolde not 
auaunce forth / wherof Huon was sore dyspleased, and 20 
sayd, 'A, very god and man / I desyre the to gyue 
me y* grace that I myght wyune this horse that this 
paynyme doth ryde on.' 6 When Huon saw that his 
horse wolde nother 6 forwarde nor backe warde / he set 24 
his shelde agaynst his enemy / and Sorbryn came ryn- 
nynge lyke the tempest, and with his spere strake in 
Huons shelde such a stroke that the buckles nor ony 
thynge elles coude resyste the stroke / but the shelde 28 
was perced through out / but the good harneys 7 saued 
Huon fro 8 all hurtes, and he remoued no more for the 
stroke then 9 it had ben a strong walle / wherof yuorin 
and all other had grete meruayle, & said one to another / 32 
how they had neuer sene before so grete a stroke nor a 
goodlyer reseyt therof without fallynge to the erthe. 

1 other, 

2 vnto. 

3 to. 


T armour. 8 Fol. xlv. back, col. 2. • if. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lv.] now huon slays sorbryn. 187 

euery man praysed gretely Huon that he helde hym 
selfe so fermely. ' By Mahouwde,* quod yuoryn, ' our 
man is fyers and of gret hardynes. I wolde he were 
4 mounted nowe on 1 my hors.' And Huon, who had 
receyued the grete stroke, in grete yre cast downe his 
spere and toke his swerde with bothe his handes, & and taking his 

own sword in 

gaue tner with the paynym a grete stroke as he passed both his hand*, 
8 by hym a hye on 1 his helme / the stroke was so pusante 
that nother the helme nor coyffe of stele coude not 2 

resyst the stroke / but that his heed was clouen to the cleave* sorbryu'* 

sholdres, and so he fell downe deed in y e felde / then shoulder*. 

12 Huon, who was quycke and lyght / toke the good horse Huon seizes his 

adversary's good 

Blanchardyn by the reyne & alyghted fro his owne hone 
horse, without fete in the styrop lept vp 2 vpon the BUnchardyn * 
paynyms horse, & lefte his owne in the felde. and 

16 when he sawe hym self on Blanchardyn / he 3 dasshed 
to him 3 his sporres to proue hym / when the horse felte 
the sporres / he began to lepe & gambaud & galop as it 
had ben the thonder / 4 the paynyms had meruayle that 

20 he had not fallen to the erthe / 5 when he had well 
proued him and turned hym in and out / he thought he 
wolde not gyue hym for the valewe of a realme. then 
he cam to 6 kyng yuoryn with .xx. gambaudes. 'By 

24 mahourade,' quod yuoryn, * this varlet semeth rather 
sone to a kyng or prynce then to be a varlet to a myn- 
strelT / then he came to 6 Huon and enbraced hym / & Ivoryn receives 

. . » . Huon well ami 

made hym grete feest 7 / and the paynyms that were makes for him a 
28 within Anferlerne with the admyrall Galaffer yssued out gwat feaBt * 
of the cyte / and whan Galaffer saw his nephew slayn, 
he rode about hym thre tymes and made a pyteous com- 
8 playnt, and sayde, ' A, ryght dere nephew, I may well The Admiral 
32 complayne 9 your youth / when I se you this 10 pyteously death™ hu 
slayne / certaynely yf I lyue longe your deth shall nephew * 

1 vpon. 3 omitted. 3-3 eraoat him with. 4 and. 
6 80. 6 vnto. 7 reapecte. 8 Fol. xlvi. col. 1. 
9 ~* by reason of. 10 thus. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. lv. 

and lead* his men 
on tu battle. 

Huon fight* with 
vigour, and doe* 
much havoc. 

Through his 
prowes* the 
Admiral is 

Huon gives a 
horse to the 
paynim who had 
bestowed the 
sword upon him. 

Ivoryn drives the 
Admiral within 
his city, and 

derely be bought' / x he caused the deed body to be 
caryed in to the cyte with grete lamentacyons / 2 then 
he & his men entred in to the batayle. there 8 was 
grete slaughter made on both partes ; but amonge all 4 
other Huon dyd meruayles / he slewe and bette downe 
& tare of helmes & strake out braynes with the pomell 
of his swerd / he slewe and bette downe all that came 
within his stroke / his hye 4 prowes was suche that no 8 
paynym durst abyde hi?n, but fled as the shepe doth 
fro the wolues / he dyd so moche by vertue of his 
armes that within shorte space he brought all the 5 
enemys to playne dyscomfyture / so that the admyrall 12 
Galaffer wM moche payne fled and entred in to the 
cyte, ryght sorowfuli for y 6 losse that he had receyued 
that day / for the thyrde parte of his men were slayne 
in the batayl, and all by the valyauntnes of Huou, the 16 
whiche was so grete that kyng yuoryn and his barons 
stode styll to beholde his valyaunt dedos / and as Huon 
foughte he spyed out the paynym that had gyuen him 
his swerde / then he remembred the promys that he 20 
had made hym / then 2 he lyft vp his swerd & strake a 6 
paynym ther with so that he claue his heed / to the 
brest & so 7 fel downe dede / and Huon toke the 
paynyrns horse & gaue the horse to hym that had 2-1 
gyuen hym the good swerde / and sayd, ' frende, take 
it 8 in worth the gyfte of this horse for a rewarde for 
the good swerde ye gaue me ' / ' syr/ quod the paynym, 
• I thanke you ' / f ynally, 9 Huon dyd so moche that 28 
there was no paynym that dur«st abyde him / but fled 
and entred into the cyte of Anfalerne. thew they 
closed their gates & lyfte vp theyr brydges / and kynge 
yuoryns men departed with the boty 10 they had wonne. 32 
then with gret tryumphe Huon 11 was conuayed rydyngc 

1 no. * and. 3 where. 4 omitted. 6 his. 
6 nother. 7 hce. 8 well. 0 In breefe. 10 that. 
11 Fol. xlvi. col. 2. . 

Digitized by 


cheke by cheke by kynge yuoryn, and so brought to Hmm is treated 
Mombrant, where as they were receyued with gret ioy. honour, 
and the admyral Galaffer was entred in to Anferlerne in in deep sorrow 

# . _s 10 the Admiral 

4 grete sorow for Sorbryn his nephew, who was deed, & buries his 
also for his men that he hadde lost in batayle / and nepaew * 
when he was vnarmed he caused his nephew to be 
buryed with sore wepynges and lamentacyons. Now 

8 let vs leue spekynge of them 1 tyll we returne therto 
agayne. 1 

% How Huon was set 2 in grete honoure, and 
satte at the table with kynge yuoryn of 
12 Mombrant. Capitulo .Ivi. 

Hen yuoryn was entred into Mombrant 
he wente and vnarmed hym 8 / his 
doughter came to 4 hym to make him 
feest 6 / and when he sawe his doughter / 
he kyssyd her and sayd, 4 Dere iroiyn teiu his 

daughter of 

doughter / thou wert mated in a good houre by the Huon's valorous 
mynstralles varlet / for at 6 y e day of batayle that 

20 we haue had agaynst the admyrall Galafer, who 7 was 
dyscomfyted by the only prowes of this varlet by whom 
thou were mated ; thankyd be my god Mahound / for by 
him I haue ouercome myn enymyes / & be syde that, he 

24 fought hande to hande agaynst sorbryn, nephew to the 
Admyrall Galaffer / & he slewe hym / but yf I maye 
lyue one yere, the grete seruyce that he hathe done to 4 
me shall be euen ryght well rewarded ' / ' father/ quod 

28 the lady, * ye are bounde so to do ' / then kynge yuroryn 
went vp in to his palayes, and his doughter -with him, 
& Huon / went to y* lodyng where as y e mynstrell 
was lodged / then 8 he vnarmed him and went with his 

1—1 vntill wee haue occasion to returne vnto them againe. 
3 hadde. 3 and. 4 vnto. 6 reuerence. 
6 in. 7 he. 8 where. 

Digitized by 



[Co. lvi. 

maister *to the palayes / 2 when kynge yuoryn sawe 
iroryn invites them, the kyng auaunsed forth and toke Huon by the 

Huoti to sit at 9 

his table with hande, & sayd / ' frende, ye shall go with me and syt at 
my table / for I can not do you to moche honoure for 4 
y* good seruyce that ye haue done 3 me. I habandon 

and offers him all to 3 you all my house to do therin at your pleasure / take 

his valuables, " ' 

all my golde and syluer & iewelles, & gyue therof at 
and anything your pleasure / I ordeyn & wyll that all that ye 8 
may desire. commauwde shal be done ; all that is here I habandon 

me.' 'syr/ quod Huon, 'of the grete honour that ye 12 
haue done to me I thanke you ' / then they sat downe 

Alter dinner at the table / & when they had denyd, the kynge and 
Huon satte togyder on 4 the ryche carpettes / then 

Mouflet plays Mouflet the mynstreli apoynted 6 his vyall, and played 16 

music before the 

King. so melodyously that the paynyms that herde him had 

grete meruayle therof / for the vyall made so swete a 
swonde / that it semed to be the mermaydes of the 
see / kynge yuoryn & all his lordes had so gret ioye 20 
that it semed to 3 them that they were in the glory 
of paradyce, so that there was no paynyme but that 
gaue hym gownes & mantelles & other iewelles. the 

The minstrel still mynstreli saw Huon syt by the kyng, & 6 sayd / ' frende, 24 

addresses Huon » 

as his servant, yesterday I was your mayster, & now I am 7 your 

to the amusement 

of the court. mynstreli / I thynke now ye haue lytell care for me / 
yet I praye you come to 3 me & gather togyder these 
clothes, & put them in my male as ye haue done or 8 28 

this' / when the kynge and his lordes herd that they 
began to laughe. Now let us leue spekynge of them / 
& speke 9 of y e olde Gerames. 

1 Fol. xlvi. back, col. 1. * but 3 vnto. 4 vppon. 
6 opened. 6 hee. T become. • ere. 
9 say somewhat 

to 3 you / ye, in y* ladys chambres take there your 
pleasure as ye lyste / & when I go out ye shall go with 

Ca. lvii.] 



«[ How the olde Gerames aryued at Anfa- 
lerne by fortune, and the admyrall Galaffer 
retayned hym to mayntayn his warre / and 
how the fayre Esclaramowde spake with 
l hym. Cap. .lvii. 

E haue herd here before y e aduentures 
that hath fallen to Huon, & how y e 
olde Gerames & .xiii. with him departed 
& lefte Huon by cause he wolde not 
byleue them, wherby fell to hym suche 
aduentures as ye haue 2 herde, & how Gerames & his Gerames and his 

i c\ » • ill ti#i« companions in 

12 companyons that were in y e lytel shyp sayled forth in their utile boat 
the tempest without 3 knowlege what was become of port of Anfaierne. 
Huon / but they thought rather he had ben deed then 
alyue / and so within a moneth* they were dryuen 

16 by another tempest to the porte of Anfaierne / when 
Gerames sawe how they were aryued there, he sayd to 
his company / ' syrs, we be not aryued at a good porte / 
in this cyte dwelleth a paynym kynge who byleueth 

20 5 nother in god nor in good saynt 5 / a more fyere 
paynyme can not be founde fro hens to the rede see ; 
he is called the admyrall Galaffer; without god haue Gerames fear* 
pyte of vs I can not se but we are lyke to dye / & we wm om thmfin! 

24 can not returne back ' / y e same tyme the admyrall 
Galaffer was rysen fro dyner, & loked out at a wyndow 
& behelde the see syde / & than he perceyued the 
lytell shyp where Gerames & his company were in / 

28 when he saw it he went downe w/tA som of his men, The Admiral 
desyTynge to knowe what they were that ther ariued / his palace, 
then he aproched to y e shyp & said / ' syrs, what men ™* knighSf 
be you that are thus aryued at my porte V / 'sir/ qi*>d X ^ZX^. 

32 Gerames, ' we be frenchmen, pylgrymes, & are goyng to Gerames teiis 

their misforiane. 

offre at y e holy sepulcre, for 6 fortune of y e se hath 

1 Fol. xlvi. back, col. 2. * since. 8 any. 4 after. 
*-* not in our god. 6 the. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lvii. 

The Admiral 
reoeires them 

npenks to them of 
King Ivoryn's 

Gerames promises 

to fight for him 
if hit cause be 

The Admiral 
tells him of 
arrival there, 

and how King 
Ivoryn seeks her 

and how he 
himself has 
wedded her, 

brought vs hydcr / & therfore, syr, yf there be ony 
trybute that we ought to paye, we are redy to do your 
pleasir ' / 1 syrs,' quod y e admyrall, ' haue no dout 
that by me or ony of min ye shal haue oni displeasnr / 4 
for yf ye wyll abyde with me ye are wel aryued ' / 
' air, 1 quod Gerames, 1 * yf it may 1 please you, 2 thew vs 
the cause why* / ' sir,' 3 quod the admyrall, 4 'I shall she we 
you / trewe it is here nere me dwelleth kyng yuoryn of 8 
Mombrant, 6 who maketh 6 me grete warre ; he sleeth my 
men & dystroyeth my countre, wherof I haue grete 
sorowe in my hert ' / 4 sir,' quod Gerames, ' yf your 
quarell be iust & ryghtfull we shall be all redy to ayde 12 
you truly / for, air, without your quarell be good 
we wyll not abyde with you.' 'syrs/ quod the 
admyrall, ' I shall shewe you the trouth / so it was on 6 
a day I stode in a wyndowo & loked downe to y e see 16 
syde, as I dyd now when ye aryued at this porte / 
& then I saw a shyp comynge & toke ancre there as ye 
be now / & in the shyp there was a dawsell & x 
maryners / who thought to haue ledde her to 7 kyng 20 
yuoryn of Mombrant; I can not tel where they had. 
taken her / & 8 she was doughter to the admyral 
Gaudys / that Mahound take his soule / 9 1 know 9 for 
certen that yf kyng yuoryn myght haue the damsell / 24 
he wolde a 10 brent 11 her / by cause it hath ben shewed 
him that she was the cause of the deth of her father y* 
Admyral Gaudys / who was broder to yuoryn / & so 
he is vncle to the damsell / and when I was aduertysed 28 
that the .x. maryners wolde haue delyuered her in to 
the handes of her vncle yuoryn / I toke her fro them & 
slew them all by cause they wold not delyuer her 12 with 
fayrnes / 12 & thus I haue wedded the damsel / & 13 32 

*-* I would it might. 1 to. 8 Why. 
Fol. xlvii. col. 1. 6 vppon. 7 vnto. 

and I knewe. 10 haue. 11 burnt 
it-it to me with entreatie. 1S omitted. 

« that 
8 but 

Digitized by 



whew yuoryn herd this he made mo warre / & was here 
before my cite witA al his pusance, & hath slayn my 
men / & led awaye all my bestes & prouysyon, & hath 
4 brent 1 & dystroyed my couwtre / & euery day he cometh 
& ouer ryn all y* couwtre, & he hath with him a yong 
man / I know not of what couwtre he is of / & 2 this and how sorbryn 

has been slain 

last day he slew a nephew of myn whom I ryght derely by iroryn's 


8 loued, 3 who was called Sorbrin / he was sone to my 
sister / for whom I haue suche sorow at my hert that 
it can not be apeased / & he hath led away his horse 
called Blanchardyn, the whiche is the best horse in x 

12 realmes / his lyke is not in al y* world; wherfore 
I de8yre you, as I maye deserue your seruyse, to abyde 
"with me / & to do so moch A that I myght haue y* sayd 
yong man taken prisoner & the hors agayn to me 

16 restored / & yf ye can this do I shall so rewarde you 
that y* shall alwayes be ryche, & all tho 6 in your 
company' / 'sir,' quod Gerames / 'yf he come ony Gerames offers to 
more hyder, & that ye shew me him / I shall do my in hu war with 

20 payn 6 to bryng him & y e hors also to 7 you ' / ' frende,' tte King * 
quod the admyrall, * yf ye wyl shew me this curteyse I 
shal habandow all my realme to be at your pleasure & 
commaundement ' / with these wordes the olde Gerames 

24 yasued out of y* shyp & all his company / & entred in Qeramea and u« 

company enter 

to y* cyte of Anfalerne with the admyral Galaffer 3 / the city, 
when they came to the palayes Gerames sayd / ' sir, I <fer»me« ask* to 

see Eeclaramonde. 

& my company requyre you to shew vs the damsell for 
28 whose sake ye maynten this warre.' ' frende/ quod the 
admyrall, * yf ye were a yonge man I wolde not shewe 
her to 7 you / but I se wel ye be old & auncyent / 
wherfore no yonge lady wyl set ony thyng by you ' / 
32 then y* admyral toke Grerames by y e hande & led him 

in to the chambre where as Esclaramonde was / as sone The dameei 

. recognizes the 

as the lady saw Gerames she knew him, wherwttn she old man, 

1 burnt. 1 but. 8 and. 4 Fol. xlvii. col. 2. 
& those. • best. 7 vnto. 

Digitized by 



huck: op burdeux. 

[Ca. lvii. 

and crlei aloud. 

The Admiral 
inquires in vain 
why Esclara- 
monde is affected 
at the sight of 

but he leaves the 
two together. 

asks how 
Oerames oame to 

Oerames tells her, 
and inquires for 

began to chaunge coloure, & fel downe in a sowne in the 
chambre, makynge a grete crye 1 / when y* admyral 
Galaffer saw that he was ryght sorowful, & sayd / 
* fayre lady, why do ye make thts sorow? are ye troubled 4 
for 2 y* syght of this olde man that I haue brought 
hyder?' / 'nay, surely, sir/ quod she / 'it is for a 
colyke that, hath taken me in the ryght syde, wher by 
I haue often tymes grete payn 3 / but, syr, yf it were 8 
your pleasir I wolde gladly speke with this frenche 
knyght / for customably they know many thynges / & 
perauenture he may shew me such thinges as shalbe for 
my helth / for frewchemen are ryght subtyl 4 in gyuyng 12 
of good counsell ' / ' dame/ 5 quod y e admiral, ' it pleaseth 
me well that ye speke with Yam secretly* / then j* 
lady called Gerames, & sayd / ' frende, I pray thee gyue 
me some good counsel that I may be eased of the payne 16 
that I endure* / 'dame/ 6 quod Gerames / 'for the 
honoure of you & of the 6 admyrall that is here present, 
I shall ayde you in suche wyse that ye shall be eased 
of the payne that ye endure ' / then Gerames, who was 20 
subtyl, wel perceyued the mynde of the lady / then he 
aproched nere to 7 her & 8 sat downe togyder on a couche 
therby / ' Gerames/ quod the lady, ' I praye you what 
aduenture hath brought you hyther?' / 'dame/ 6 quod 24 
he, ' we be come hyther by reason of tempest of the 
see / but, dame/ 9 quod he, ' I pray you what is become 
of Huon 1 ' / ' by my fayth/ quod she, ' I byleue he is 
deed / for when ye departed fro vs, such a meruaylous 28 
tempest rose on the see that all that were in our shyp 
were perysshed, & the shyp drowned & broken in small 
peces, excepte Huon & I / we saued vs on a table 
of wode, wherupon we aryued in an yle that was nere 32 
vs / & when we were on the lande, there cam to 7 vs 

1 outcrie. 2 at. s annoyance. 
* Madame. 6 Fol. xlvii. back, col. 1, 

a *i o t _ j:_ 


• Ladie. 

4 ^discreet 
T vnto. 

Digitized by 




.x. maryners, & toke me fro thens, & left Huon there Eeciaramonde 
blyndfelde, & 1 handes & fete faste bounde, so that he ulvw Mm'dead, 
had no power to releue himself e ; & these .x. maryners 
4 brought me hyder, & the admyral Galaffer hath slayn 
them all / therfore I thynke surely that Huon is 
deed ; Iesu haue mercy on his 2 soule 2 / and thus I am 
here with this admyrall, who hath assured me to wedde 
8 me / but as yet he neuer medled with me bodely / but 
I haue made him to byleue that I made a vowe to 
Mahounde, for .iL yere to come 3 no man shold haue 
parte 4 of my body, & that is for the loue of Huon, 

12 whom I can not forgette. the admyral hath beleued but that she wtii 
me/ 5 for as long as I lyue I shal neuer forgete Huon, & to him. 
shal alwayes, 6 to dye in y e payne, 7 kepe me fro the 
bodely company of ony man lyunge / a, syr Gerames ! 

16 yf ye myght do so moche that I might scape fro heus 
with you / ye shold do me a grete curteyse / for yf I 
myghte scape fro hens, & come in to a crysten realme, I she desire* to 
wolde yelde my selfe in to some abbey of nonnes, to y e 

20 entent that the resydew of my lyfe I myght pray for the 
soule of my louer 8 Huon ' / 1 dame/ 9 quod Gerames, ' be 
not dysmayed, for yf I can scape fro hens, what so euer 
come 10 ther of, I shall cary you with me * / then the 

24 admyral came to 11 them & sayd / ' frende, ye hold ouer The Admiral caiu 
longe talkyng wtt/i the damsell / come a way ! ye haue do^wT 6 " * 
taryed there longe ynow ' / then Gerames departed fro E»Saraondel 
Esclaramonde, straynynge her by the hande / & the 

28 admyrall Galaner toke Gerames by y* arme / & brought The Admiral 
him in to y* hal to supper / & after supper they at dinner, 
comoned of the feates of y* warre. Nowe let vs leue 
spekyng of them / & 12 speke of 12 kyng yuoryn ol 

32 mombrant, & of 18 Huon who was with him. 

1 his. *— a vppon him. 3 that. 4 vse. 8 and. 

• be ready. * to. 8 Kol. xlvii. back, col. 2. 
9 Madam. 10 to me. 11 vnto. 12 — 12 returne to. 

18 noble. 

O 2 



[Ca. lviii. 

Haon advisee 
Iroryn to attack 
AnnUern a 
•econd time. 

% How kyng yuoryn cam agayne before 
Anfalerne, & how Gerames and Huo# 
fought togyder, & at last they knewe eche 
other, & how they entred in to Anfalerne & 4 
closed 1 the admyrall without. Cap. .lviii. 

Ow sheweth y e story 4 that a s .ii. 
dayes after that kyng yuoryn had 
made his cours before Anfalerne / 8 
then Huon came to yuoryn and 
sayde : ' Syr, cause your men too be 
armed, & let vs go vysyte the Admyrall 4 GaIaffer /for a 
man that is in warre ought neuer to lye styll tyll he 12 
hathe brought his enemy to vttraunce 5 / for it semeth 
that he setteth but lytell by you when he kepeth styll 
your nece agaynst your wyl, 6 & is 6 your subiecte, & 7 
holdeth his lawdes of you* / 4 trende, 1 quod yuoryn, 16 
4 ye say truely / I shall do by your counselL' then he 
made to be cryed through the cyte, that euery man 
sholde make him redy to go with y* kynge before 
Anfalerne / & 8 Huon, who was desyrous to haue batayle, 20 
armed him, & toke blanchardyn, his good horse, & 8 
mounted on hym without ony styrop, & toke a grete 
spere in his hande with a good sharpe hede / & 9 y* 
same tyme as Huon was in the palayes, yuoryns doughter 24 
was lenynge in a wyndowe in her chambre, accompanyed 
iroryn'i daughter with dyuers ladyes & dam sell es / she behelde Huon, & 

admirw hie 

beauty from her she sayd / 4 by Mahounde, it is 10 goodly 10 to behold 

yonder yong man syttyng on y* hors blanchardyne / 28 
ryght 11 well 12 becometh hym 8 his armure / a goodlyer 
man can not be founde, nor a more hardy / for y e last 
day he slew Sorbyn, the 13 moost valyant 18 knyght in all 

1 shut 2 Historie. 3 aboute. « Fol. xlviii. ool. 1. 
* vtter ruin. *— 6 hee being. 7 one that 1 omitted. 
0 Now. 10 -w a goodly sight. " how. 12 he. 
13—13 yaliantest. 

Mounted on 
Huon aete out. 

Digitized by 

Ca. IviiL] how huon and gerames fight together. 


pagan j, & also wan his good hors / but yet I am dys- 
pleaaed with him in 1 that whew he played with me at 
the chesse / he was not so hardy, ones 2 to embrace nor 8 
4 kyase me; yf he had, I wolde haue loued him in suche 
wyse that yf he had requyred of me 4 ony thynge elles, 4 
I wolde not a 6 refused him / though my fader had 
sworne the contrary a C tymes ' / thus the ladyes & 
8 damselles deuysed togyder of 6 Huon, who 7 set lytell 
therby / thus kyng yuoryn & his men yssued out of y e King ivoryn 
cyte of Mombrant, & cam in 7 to y* feldes, & then rode «my before 
forth toward Anfalerne, & at the last cam before the Ant * s * m * 

12 gates of the cyte, & there ordred them in batayle 8 / & 
Huon, who had grete desyre too attayne to good 7 
renowne, cam to the gate with his spere in his hande, 
& cryed a hye 9 to them that were on the walles, & sayde, 

16 'where is Galaffer your lorde? go & shew him that he Huon challenge* 

ia o . , i . m, . t .i i % . i the Admiral to 

come 10 & lust agaynst him tliat hath slayne his nephew, avenge hit 
& that I wyl seme him in lykwyse 11 if I may mete nephfW ' , de * th * 
with him in batayle, or elles he shall delyuer to me y e 

20 fayre Esclaramonde ' / Galaffer was nere by, & herd 
what Huon sayd, & knew wel it was he, by reson of the 
hors blanchardyn, wherof 12 his hert 12 was ryght sorow- 
full / and sayd to Gerames / ' frende, I shall shew you Gerames offers to 

24 here he that hath done me all this yll / now I shal se yf Sf the^dminS't 
ye wyll kepe promys with me.' * Syr/ quod Gerames, b6h * U ' 
* take no care / fur by y* fayth that I owe to god / I 
shall rendre to you bothe the hors & the maw / to do 

28 with them at your pleaser.' then Gerames yssued out and arms himself 
clene 18 armed, well horsed, & toke a good spere in his 
hande / he was a goodly knyght of his age, pusant of 
body, and in his tyme gretely doughted 14 / & when he 

32 was on hys hors, he strecched himself in the sadle in 
suche wyse that his styropes stretched out a long a 7 

1 for. 2 as once. 8 and. 4—4 my loue. 6 haue. 

6 but. 7 omitted. 8 array. 9 alowd. 
w Fol. xlviii. col. 2. « like sorte. 12 ~ 12 he. 18 all. 
14 redoubted. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lviii. 

He rides on in 
front of the 
Admiral's men. 

upon him, 

end they strike 
each other with 
great violence. 

Oerames forces 
Hoon to kneel 
upon the ground, 
and to petition for 

Hnon does not 
recognize his old 

handful or more ; he was gretly praised of the painims 
that saw him / 1 then y e admyral GalafFer commaunded 
euery mm to be armed, & he himself was armed rychel y ; 
then y* gate was opened / & Gerames was y* fyrst that 4 
ys8ued out with his company / when he was without 
y* cyte, he strake y e hors with the 2 spores so that he was 
a grete space before all his company / with his spere in 
his hande & sheld about his necke, & his whyte herd 8 
hawgyng downe on his brest vnder his helme, & 3 when 
Huon, on y e other part, saw Gerames coming, he spored 
blanchardyn, & cam agynst Gerames / and so they met 
togyder without ony worde spekyng, & strake eche 12 
other on ther sheldes so that al was broken ; but their 
names 4 was 5 good, so that they toke none yll, 6 but theyr 
spers brake to their handes, 7 bo that 7 the sheuers flew vp 
in to the ayre / & the strokes was so rude that both 1 6 
knyghtes & horses fel to y e erth / but 8 then quykly 8 
they arose, 9 & gaue ech other grete strokes / Gerames, 
who was experte in dedes of armes, toke his swe[r]de 
with both his handes, and gaue Huon suche a stroke 10 on 20 
the helme, that perforce he was fayne to set one of his 
knees to the erthe / the stroke was so heuy / and yf it 
had not ben by the grace of god, he had ben slayne / 
Huon was so astonyed with y* stroke that he had moche 24 
a do to u releue, and 11 sayd, 'a, good lorde, socoure me, 
& 12 gyue me grace 12 that, or 13 I dye, I may se y e fayre 
Esclaramonde.' these wordes he spake openly / for 14 he 
had thought that Gerames vnderetode hym not, 14 for 28 
lytel 16 he thought that it had ben Gerames that fought 
with hym / then he came to Gerames with his swerde 
in his hande, to 16 be 1 * reuenged / for he neuer receyued 

1 and. 1 his. 3 Nowe. 4 armour. * so. 
• hurt 7-7 and. *— 8 omitted. 9 againe. 
10 Fol. xlviii. back, col. 1. recouer, but 

13 — 13 graunt me. 13 before. 

M— 14 he thought that Gerames had not vnderetood him. 
15 he before lytel. ie_w haue been. 

Digitized by 

Ca. lviii.] how huon recognizes oerames. 


before, suche a stroke as Gerames had gyuen hym. Bat 
Gerame8 vnderstode Huon by his wordes, & knewe but Gerames 
hym / & ther with caste downe his swerde to the erth, cast7hu ™o«i d 

4 & had suche sorowe that he coude 1 speke no 2 worde / away * 
whew Huon sawe that, he meruayled gretely why he caste 
his swerde to the erth / for 3 Huon then wold not touch 
hym / but sayd, 'paynym, what is thy mynde to do? Huon inquire* 

8 wylt thou haue peace, or elles fyght with me ? ' / ' a, syr/ oonduX" ° f ***** 
quod Gerames, * come forth, & stryke of my hede / for 
well I haue deserued it, syn 4 that I haue stryken you so and Gerames 

reveals hinuelf. 

rudely; but I knewe you not / wherof I am 5 sorye* / 
12 when Huon herd him speke, anone he knew well that 

it was Gerames, wherof he had grete ioye in his hert They cannot 
for fyndynge of hym. the paynyms that regarded Th^yn^»° 7 
them had grete meruayle what thyng y e two champyons faction* ° Ul * 
16 ment or thought to do / 'syr,' quod Gerames, 'it 
behoueth vs shortely to determyne oure besynes / for I 
se on all partes paynyms assemble togyder to be-holde 

V8 / I Shall Shew you what is be8t for VS .ii. to do / lepe 6 Gerames propoeea 
- _ _ that Huon shall 

20 on your horse & I shall lepe on myne / then I shall take follow him into 

- , - „ a a\ a Anfaleru to see 

you and lede you parforce, as my prysoner, to the cyte E»daramonde. 
of Anfalerne / and there shall ye se your louer Esclara- 
monde, who wold 7 haue grete ioye with your comynge, 
24 and she wyll tell you 8 of her 8 newes.' 94 frende/ quod 
Huon / ' I shall do as ye deuyse ' / then they lepte on 
theyr horses, & Gerames cam to Huon & layd handes The old man 

. lays hand on him 

on him, as though he toke hym prysoner / & so led m if he were his 


28 him towarde y* cyte of Anfalerne, & his company 
folowed hym / & when kynge yuoryn sawe how 
Gerames had lede a-way Huon as his prysoner, he began 
to cry, & sayd, ' on forth, ye sarazyns / how suffre you ivoryn urges hu 

. , . , . men to rescue 

32 this yonge man to be lede away as a prysoner to the Huon, 
cyte of Anfalerne ? / I shall neuer haue ioye at my hert 
yf ye suffre him thus to be led awaye ' / then y* sarazyns 

1 not * a. 3 and. 4 seeing. 6 very. • youvp. 
7 will. 8 - 8 other. 9 Fol. xlviii. back, col 2. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lviii. 

bat Geremee 
leads him before 
the Admiral, 
who bide him pat 
him in prieon. 

When Geremee 
end Haon ere 
within the city, 
they end their 
company of 
French knighte 
doee thegetee, 
end, in the 
ebeence of the 
army in the 

kill all the old 
men and the 
women and the 
The town fella 
into their bande. 

Huon Tieite 

She welcomee 
him right 

dasshed in to the prese to haue rescued Huon / & on the 
other parte the Admyrall Galaffer came & met Gerames 
& Huon; & then Gerames sayd to hym, ' syr, go & fyght 
with your enemyes ; beholde here y* yong man that 4 
slewe your nephew Sorbryn ! I shall led him into y* cyte, 
& set hym in sure pryson ;* then I shall shortly returne 
agayne to you to fyght agaynst kynge Iuoryn ' / ' frende,' 
quod Galaffer, ' I requyre you so do ; & as soone as you 8 
haue set hym in pryson, returne agayne.' Gerames 
departed fro the Admyrall, and wente to the cyte with 
Huon and his .xiii companyons with hym / when they 
were entred in to the Cyte, they lyfted vp the brydges 12 
and closed the gates / in the cyte there was no men of 
wane ; 8 all were in the felde with the Admyrall agaynste 
8 Yuoryn ; there were none but women and 4 chyldren & 
olde folkes / & whan that Gerames & Huon saw how 16 
they were strong ynough for them in the cyte / they 
went in to the stretes & cryed 1 saynt Denys,' & slewe all 
they met, as well olde men as women & chyldren / so 
that within a shorte space they had clene wonne the 20 
towne / many paynyms fled & lept downe 4 in to the 
dykes, & brake neckes, armes, and legges / then they 
went in to the palays, and there they founde the fayre 
Esclaramond. and whan Huon saw her, he dyd of his 24 
helme / & ran & embraced her, & whan the lady 6 sawe 
that it was Huon / the ioy that she had was so grete 
that it was meruayle to se it / ther was suche ioy made 4 
at there metyng that it can not be recountyd / Huon 28 
and y' lady enbrasyd and kyssyd other many tymys / 
and she sayd / 'A, Huon ! ye be ryght hertely welcome / 
for I went 6 I sholde neuer haue sene you.' 7 'Lady/ 
quod Huon, 4 1 ought greatly to loue & to cherysshe 32 
you, & I am ryght ioyfull that it hath pleasyd 8 our 
lorde Iesu Cryst 8 that I haue nowe founde you in good 

1 and. 2 for. 3 king. 4 omitted. 
* Fol. xlix. col. 1. • thought 7 more. God. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lviii] how thb prenchmbn take the city op anfalern. 


heJth and prosperyte / for a more trewer 1 than ye be, 
there is none lyuynge ' / whan all the company had 
made there salutasyons one to an nother, they went to The Frenchmen 

At o * <* i i * i * dine together. 

* dyner, & were rychely serued / for there was greate 
plentye in y* cyte / and the sarazyns were without the ouuide the dty 

. ' , , . , walU the battle 

cyte, where as they fought and slew eche other / there rage* between the 
was suche sleyng on bothe partes that the feldes were armiea. 
8 coueryd with deed men and sore woundyd ; manye a 
horse ranne aboute the felde, & there maysters lyenge 
deed / these two kynges fought one agaynst the other, 
pusaunce agaynst pusaunce / 2 two sarazyns that were 
12 escapid out of the cyte of Anfalerne came to the New. u brought 

* the Admiral of 

admyrall Galaffer, and sayd / 'A, syr, your cytye is the capture of bis 
loste by the frenchemen who be enteryd in to it ; there dty ' 
is nother man nor woman 8 but that is 3 slayne / the 

16 olde knyght that cam to you & his .xiii. companyons 
be all seruauntes to y* yong man that slewe your 
neuew / whan the two frenchemen fought one witn 
an nother / they toke to-gether aquyntaunce, and they 

20 be all subgettes to the yonge man that was with kynge 

Iuoryn / and it is he that slew the admyrall Gaudys / andof Huon»e 
and dyscomfytyd the Gyaunt Agrapart / we knewe adrenture* at 
hym well whan he enteryd in to the cytye / we wolde Babyl00, 

24 haue shewyd you therof / but we durst not tyll 4 ye 
were returnyd fro the batayle. Now they be in your 
palays, 6 where as it please 6 them / for there is abyden 6 au within the 

l" t i a i «i a it ii ii town are alain 

notner 'man / woman 6 nor chylde 8 / but all be slayne except the ladiea 
28 except a 9 .xxx. ladyes & damselles who were with her EacLummonda. 
that sholde be your wyfe / & they be put out of the 
cyte, ye may se them syttyng without the gate petously 
wepynge.' / whan the Admyrall Galaflfer herd that, he 
32 was heuye and sorowfull, and sayd to his men that 
were aboute hym, ' Syrs, I praye you hastely gyue me 

1 man. 2 and. 3-3 therein, but they are all. 
4 vntill. 6 which pleaseth. 9 omitted. 

7 Fol. xlix. col. 2. 8 liuing. 0 some. 

Digitized by 


202 HUON OF burdeux. [Ca. lix. 

The Admiral it sum counsell what I slial do, for it is nedfuU.' ' Syr,' 

advised to submit 

to King i?oryn. quod they, 'it is of necessyte that ye goo to kynge 
Iuoryn, and knele downe at his fote, and pray hym to 
haue mercy of 1 you / other counsell as nowe we can not 4 
gyue you.' ' Syrs,' quod Galafer, 4 1 shall do as ye haue 
sayd ' / than the Admyrall Galaffer, with his sworde in 
his hande, went throw the prease and caw to kynge 
Iuoryn, and alyghtyd fro his horse, & knelyd downe 8 

He offers hu before 2 kynge Iuoryn 2 / and sayd, 'syr kynge, I yeld 

■word to the . . ... 

King, to you my sworde / with the whiche, yf you please, 

•nd teiu him of stryke of my hede, for well I haue dyseruyd it. But, 

hie evil plight. 

syr, I pray you, for y* loue of Mahounde, haue mercy of 12 
me / I offer to make you 3 amendes as you and your 
lordes shall iuge / so that ye wyl ayde me to take the 
frenchemen that be in my cytye, & hath taken a-way 
my wyfe, your nece Esclaranionde / syr, the yonge man 16 
that ye so well louyd, who cam but lat to your courte 
with a mynstrell, is the same frencheman that slew 
your brother the admyrall Gaudys / this tydynges I 
haue herd by .ii. messengers that knew hym in your 20 
courte / & now 4 wtt/t hym his 8 .xiiL other frenchemen 
whom I had reteynyd with me to maynteyn my warre, 
but they be all subgete* to the yonge man / and now 
all .xiii. be in my palayes, & my wyfe with them.' 24 

% Howe Iuoryn causyd Mouflet the old myn- 
strell to be brought to the gybet to haue 
been hangyd / & 6 howe he was rescuwyd by 
Huon. Capitulo .lix. 28 

1 vppon. 2 — 2 him. 3 such. 4 there are. 
6 omitted. 6 Fol. xlix. back, col. 1. 

Digitized by 



Uoryn herde Galaffer, he 1 sayd / 1 Alas ! 
I was vnbapye that I knew not that 2 
this yong man 8 had slayne my brother : 
yf I had, it sholde derely haue ben 
bought. Xherfore, syr Galaffer, cause ivoryn orders the 

• i> it i . i battle to cease, 

your men to withdraw fro the batayle, and both the 
and I shall withdraw myn, and I shall know of my ftrmie " 10 retIX '' lt ' 
8 barons what counsell they wyll gyue me.' Than both 
partes blew the retrayte / thaw 1 kynge Iuoryn sayd to 
his lordes, 'Syrs, what counsell wyl ye geue me as 
touchyng y e admyrall Galaffer V / * sir/ quod they, 
12 'geue hym agayne his londes / syn he axeth mercy / 
yf he hath done yll, he offeryth to make amendes ' / 
than Iuoryn called Galaffer, & sayd, 'stV admyrall, I He i>romis«B to 
render agayne to you all your londes, & pardon you of Admiral aii hi. 
16 all myn yll wyll / & besyde that, I shall helpe you to Imdto aid him 
destroy the frenchemen that are in your cyte of Anfa- ^nciunen. 
lerne ' / than Galaffer knelyd downe, & thankyd kynge 
Iuoryn / for that courtesye that he shewyd him & 
20 offeryd to do / and so wolde haue kyssyd his fete / but 
Iuoryn wold not suffre hym, but lyft hym vp / Thus 
these two kynges agreed together / and sware to gether 
to haue the deth of Huon & his knyghtes / Tha/i Hnon and hla 
24 Huon & his company abandonyd vp the cyte of Anfa- the^tya^T** 0 " 
lerne, by cause he had so few men to kepe it / & so caiue. to * 
kept y e castell, y* whiche was stronge ynow. stondyng 
on a rocke on the see syde, it was 4 inpreyngnable so it 
28 were well vytellyd / at the corner of the castell there 
was a strong towre, & vnderneth it was the porte 
where as shyppes cam to theyr ancre / whan Iuoryn & 
Galaffer saw that the towne was gyuen vp by the ivoryn and the 

. . Admiral enter the 

32 frenchemen / they enteryd in to it with all theyr great city with their 
puyssaunce / & logyd aboute in the towne / but in 
takyng of theyr lodgynges, Huon & Gerames and such 

1 and. a omitted. 3 that. 

* indeede. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lix. 

Huon'tmeu as 1 were with thein shot out dartes & quarelk* 2 in 

•hoot darts at the 

Saracens. suche wyse / that there was not ^o hardy a paynym 

that durst pere before the castell. yf he dyd, he was 
slayne or hurte / whan Iuoryn & Galaffer saw y e 4 

The Kings erect a deelynge of the frenchemen / they raysyd vp a gybet 

gibbet before the « /» i 

castle. before the castell / therby to make y* frenchemen 

afrayed / 8 than they toke Mouflet y e mynstrell, & bound 
his handes behynde hym so sore that the blode cam out 8 
at the nayles / than they hangyd his vyall aboute his 

ivoryn reproaches necke / & than he was brought before Iuoryn, who 

Mouflet with ' „ , „ , , 

hringinguuon sayde to hym, 'A, thou false traytore! yll hast thou 

to his oourt, - _ 

remembred the goodness that my brother Gaudys hath 12 
done to the / whan that* he that slewe hym, thou hast 
brought in to my court, therby to do me dyspyte. But 
and orders him to I shall nother ete nor drynke tyll thou hast thy dysert, 

be hanged. 

& that is, to be hangyd.' 'A, syr!' quod Mouflet, 16 
'Neuer in all my lyfe I haue done or thought any 
The minstrel treason / nor 6 1 know 5 not that / that I brought to your 
thlt^knew^ot court hym that slew your brother the admyrall Gaudys, 
who Hnon might W ^ Q wag my | 0K j & mayster / therfore, sir, grete synne 20 
it were for you to put me to deth for that I am not 
gylty of.* 4 Thou lyest, false traytour/ quod Iuoryn / 
He is led u> the & so coramaundyd a .xxx. men to lede hym to y e 

galows / & whan they were com theder, they causyd 24 
the mynstrell to mount vp on y* ladder / the frenche- 
men in y* castell had great meruayle who it sholde be 
that they wold hang vp there / 8 whan the minstrell was 
aboue on the ladder / he tournyd hym towards y* 28 
and calls on castell, & cryed wttA an hye voyce, 4 A, Huon ! how wyll 

Ha on to protect * 

him. ye suffer me here to dye / yet remembre the goodnes 

that I haue done to you / & of 4 y* courtesye that I dyd 
whan ye came all naked. I gaue you than clothynge 32 
& mete & drynke / & I abandonyd to you all that I 
had / yll it hath ben employed without ye rewarde me 

1 Fol. xlix. back, col. 2. 2 quarrelled. 8 aud. 
4 emitted. 6-6 knew. 

Digitized by 




better ' / whan Huon herd y c niynstrell, he knew well 
that it was Mouflet who had been his mayster / than 
he sayd to his company / ' syrs, 1 1 requyre you arme Hum heart him, 

4 you quyckely / for the paynyms here without hath * 
reryd vp a gybet, wheron they wyll hange a mynstrell hlm * 
who hath done me great 2 good and 2 pleasure. I wolde 
be ryght sory yf he sholde haue any yll ' / than 

8 Gerames and all his companyons made them redy, and 
issnyed out of the castell with Huon by a secret 
posterne / so that they 8 were aboute y* gybet were not 
ware of them tyll Huon & his company was amonge 
12 them. Huon ranne at hym that sholde haue hangyd They suddenly 

rueh upon the 

the mynstrell, & strake hym with his spere clene throwe, gibbet and km 

the hangman. 

& so 4 fell downe deed / and than Huon tooke downe the 
mynstrell, and made hym to fly away to the posterne / 
16 and his vyall about his necke. he that had sene hym Motraet rune into 

the cattle. 

flye a-way coude not a 6 kept hym selfe fro lawghynge, 
for he ranne so fast that he semyd to be no olde man / 
but rather of the age of .xxx. yere. and Huon and 
20 Gerames and his company slew and bet downe all the 
.xxx. paynyms, so that none scapyd the deth / than 0 
kynge Iuoryn and Galaffer perseyuyd that there was i^m and the 

' Admiral order tlw 

myche a do aboute y e gybet / they sayd, 'Syrs, the Saracens to eeise 

the Frenchmen 

24 frenchemen are come out of the castell / go and loke that before they can 
ye do so mych that none of them enter agayne ' / than fortress, 
paynyms on euery parte issuyd out of there lodgynges, 
and ranne thether he that best myght, without kepynge 

28 of any good ordre / than Huon & Gerames, whan they 
saw them comynge / they made semblaunt 7 to returne 
to the cyte a soft pace / & the paynyms cam after them 
cryenge and howlyng lyke dogges / and whan they 

32 aprochyd nere, Huon sodenly tournyd, & with his spere Ho^torne to 
he mette so the fyrst that he ranne hym clene throw 
the body with his spere, so that he fell downe deed, 

* Fol. 1. col 1. *-* omitted. 8 that. * hee. 
6 haue. 6 When. 7 semblance. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lix. 

ond with Ms and G eraraes and his company strake so amonge the 

men slays many 

of his enemies, paynyms that y e place ran lyke a ryuer of blode of the 
deed paynyms. Huon strake with his sword with both 
his 1 handes / he strake none with a full stroke / but 4 
that he claue the hede to the teth / but fynally the 
forse of the paynyms was so gret that at length they 
coude not abyde it / tha7i Huon, who was expert in 
dedes of armes, parseyuyd that it was tyme to departe / 8 

Then all the he called his men to gether and went toward the 

regain the castle, posterne / the whiche, with muche payne, they gatte in 
there at ; and so they entred in all .xiii. company ons / 
but yet they were so hasty d and purse wyd / that 12 

except Garyn of Garyn of saint Omer abode without and defendyd 

St. Omar, f _ 

who flghta hym 8elfe valyauntly ; But at last he was slayne by the 
Ms a siahi. Untl1 paynyms / than Huon was ryght sorowfull whan he 

saw that Garin was not enteryd in to the castell, and 16 
Huon laments hia peteously compleynyd for hym, and sayd, ' A, dere 
Iom ' cosyne, who for the loue of me haue left your wyfe and 

chyldrene and londe and syngnoryes ! I am sory of your 
deth.' ' Syr,' quod Gerames, ' leue your sorow, and 20 
thynke to make good chere, and to kepe wel our fortres. 
our lord god hath always aydyd you, and shall doo 
throw his grace / goo we vp & make good chere / for 
with this sorow we can wyn no thynge ' / than whan 24 
and teiu they came in to the palays, they mette with Esclara- 

Esclaramonde n „ __ , t „ . - 

of his grief, mond / 2 whan Huon saw her, he sayd, ' my fayre louer, 5 
this day I haue lost one of my good frewde*, wherof I 
am sorowfull.' ' Syr,' quod she, ' I am sory therof / 28 
but that thynge that can not be recoueryd must be left / 
and she consoles we be all made to dye. god shall haue mercy on his 
soule' / with suche lyke wordes Esclaramonde and 
Gerames apeacyd Huon / 2 whan they were in the hall 32 
they vnarmyd them / and went to dyner / and after* 
mete 6 they lokyd out at y e wyndowes / to se the coun- 

1 Fol. 1. col. 2. 2 and. 8 Loue. 4 afterwardea. 
6 omitted. 


Digitized by 



tenaunce of y* painyms / than Gerames sayd to y* myn- 
strell Mouflet, 1 ' frende, I pray the take thy vyall, and 
geue V8 a songe to make his 2 mery' / 3 the mynstrell Mouflet deiighu 

. the Frenchmen 

4 tooke his instrument and gaue them a 4 swet songe, the with the sound of 
whiche was so me 6 lodyus e to here that they all beleuyd 
7 they had been in paradyce / and they all made 8 great 
ioy with suche a ioyfull 9 noyse / that the paynyms 10 

8 without dyd here it / & sayd amonge them selfe, c A, 
these frenchemen are peple to be f earyd and doughtyd ' / 
and they were ryght sorowf ull for the mew that they 
had lost by the prowes of 11 .xiiii. persons. 

12 f Howe the good prouost Guyer, brother to 
Gerames, aryued at the porte of Anfalerne. 

Capitulo .lx. 

'Han that kynge Iuoryn saw & knew 
16 % J\ I the grete losse that he had receyuyd, 
he was ryght sorowf ull / 12 than the 
admyrall GalafFer sayd / 'sir, for y* The Admiral 

i . _, . ii-i/* Wde Ivoryn I* of 

honour of Mahouwd, be not so sore troubled / for good cheer. 

20 a thynge y e whiche ye shall well acheue & brynge 
to an end. ye knowe well these frenchemen are 
as a byrde beynge in a cage / for they can not 
scape nother by londe nor water, & they are without 

24 hope of any rescue, to daye they were .xiiii, and 

now they be but .xiii. ye are lodgyd in a good The Frenchmen 

cannot long hold 

towne, & haue the feldes and the see at your plea- against their 
sure / it is not possyble for them to escape / they haue 
28 nother ship nor galay to flye in / 13 syr, apeace your 
selfe; suffer them to wast theyr vytaylles.' by thes 
wordes, sum what kynge Iuoryn was apeasyd ; & the 
frenchemen in y* castell deuysyd togyther / & Huon 

1 my. * Pynson, 'his.' 1601, vb. 3 then. 4 meet. 

6 Pol. 1. back, col; 1. 6 for. 7 that. 8 exceeding. 

• cheerefull. » that were. 11 these. u and. 
13 Therefore. 


Digitized by 




[Ca. be. 

Huon ten that sayd to 1 Gerames, 'frende, ye se well we be here 

the Frenchmen 

will receive no inclosyd, & we can nother departe by londe nor by 
see / nor we loke for no socoure of any man lyuynge / 
& here before vs are lodgyd paynyms who hathe sworne 4 
our dethes ' / ' str,' quod Gerames, ' trew it is / but I 
hope in our lorde god that he wyll sende vs sum good 
aduenture / syr, 2 yf it please 8 you, let vs two go downe 
& sport vs by the water syde nere to y* porte tyll 4 nyght 8 
come/ 'I am content,' quod Huon / 'we may go 
theder, and be not sene by the paynyms / for thether 
myght come shyppe or galay with out daunger of the 

withGemnee towne ' / thether they went; and whan it was nere 12 

he goee down to _ a i 

the eeaehore hande nyght, Huon lokyd in to the see & saw a shyppe 
v^wofthe t0fth * comynge thether warde / than Huon sayd to Gerames / 
s*ncens. 'frende, beholde yonder comyth a shyppe wtt/i full 

sayle. they wyll aryue at this porte. they be crysten 16 
a ship with a red men, I se wel, by the tokens that the shyppe doth 
u^n rorning** 1 bere / for on the mast I se a rede crosse' / 'syr/ 
near to the port. Gerames, 'by all that I can se, the shyppe is of 

fraunce / & therfore, as I haue sayd to you before, god 20 
wyll sende vs sum good aduenture ' / & therwith, by 
fere of the tempest, the shyppe came in to the hauen, 
Huon approachea and cast theyr ancres. Than Huon aprochyd to the 
miion fofthe * shyppe, & demaundyd for the patrone & for the mayster 24 
Teeeeu ° of them that were in the shyppe / than the maryners 

regardyd y e place where as they were / & they knew 
clerely 6 by the grete toure / that they were* in y e porte 
of Anfalerne / wherof they had greate fere, & sayd one 28 
The teflon are to an nother, ' A, good lorde god, helpe vs / for we se 

afraid when they 

eee that they are wel we are but deed, syn e we be aryued here in this 
juwem! porte / for we know well that the lorde of this place is 

y* moost cruelest paynym betwen this & the red see.' 32 
Thus they compleynyd them one to another / and 
Huon, who was nere them, vnderstode them well, and 

1 vnto. 9 and. 3 FoL I back, ool. 2. 
4 vntill. 6 plainly. 6 seeing. 

Digitized by 




sayd, 4 Syrs, haue ye no dought of deth, for ye are Huon telle them 

how Frenchmen 

ary ued at a good porte / I requyre you 1 shew me fro hold the oaeue. 
whense ye cam, and what ye be ' / and they answeryd 
4 and sayd, 4 syr, syn 2 ye can speke frenche, we shall 
shewe you so that ye wyll assure our lyues.' 4 Syrs/ 
quod Huon, 4 haue no fere of deth nor of any hurt that 
ye shal haue / for we that hath 8 this place in kepiwge They teii him 

how they too ere 

8 are frenchemen / therfore shew vs hardely your ententes. Frenchmen, 
4 Syr,' quod they, 4 syn ye wold 4 knowe what we be / we 
are all borne in the countre of Fraunce / and one of vs 
is of seynt Omers / and sum of the cyte of Parys, and 
12 of dyuere other partes of the real me of Fraunce 1 / 
4 frendes,' quod Huon, 4 I pray you shew me yf there 
be any amonge you / borne in the cyte of Burdeux.' 
' Syr/ quod one of them / 4 here is one in this shyp that and that nmon* 

\ . _ , ' , t them ia Guyer 

16 was borne in Burdeux, an oLle, aunsyent man / 1 from Bordeaux, 
thynke he be of an .C. yere of a^e / his name is Guyer / 
and we are goynge a 5 pylgremage, for the loue of our on a pilgrimage 
lorde Jesu Cryst, to vysyt the holy sepulcure / but stpuiciw! 1 

20 fortune, by force of tempest of the see, hathe causyd vs 
to aryue here, 6 the whiche 6 tempest hath enduryd 
these thre dayes & thre nyghtes passyd / wherby we be 
so wery & so sore trauayled that we can do no more ' / 

24 4 frende,' quod Huon, 4 1 pray you shewe hym forth, that Hnon **■ to see 


ye speke of ' / than the patron of the shyp commaundyd 
that the olde man of Burdeux sholde com forth, than 
Guyer the prouost cam to Huon, & sayd, * sir, beholde «»d recognizee 

in him the 

28 me here ! what please 7 it you to say to me? / whan proToet. 
Huon sawe hym, he knew incontynent that it was 
Guyer the prouost / & sayd, 1 frende, I requyre you He inquire* the 
shew me where ye were borne / & what hath mouyd journey. 

32 you to come hether, seynge the grete age that ye be of, 
and to shew me what is your name.' 4 Syr/ quod he, 
4 1 shall shew you y* trouthe / I had a lorde whom I 

i to. 1 seeing. 3 haue. 4 Fol. li. col. 1. 
* emitted. and thia. 7 pleaaeth. 




[Ca. lx. 

Gayer tells how 
he one* served 
Hnon of 



and how the 
daohess, Boon's 
mother, is dead ; 

and how Gerard, 
Huon's brother, 
holds all his land, 
and how he rules 
so tyrannically 

that the herons of 
the country have 
sent him, the old 
provost, to seek 
oat Huon, the 
rightful heir, 

louyd entyerly; he was son to duke Seuyn of Bur- 
deux / & he was called Huon / & so it fell 1 that after 
the deth of his father about a .vii. yere, kinge Charle- 
mayn sent for hym to do his homage & to reseyue his 4 
londe of hym / the yonge man, by y* commaundement 
of his mother, 9 & his brother Gerard with hym, tooke 
theyr way towardes Parys / and by the way kynge 
Charlemayns sonne called Chariot was lyenge in a wood 8 
by the couwsell of certen traytours, & there lay in a 
waye to haue slayne Huon & his brother Gerarde / but 
the case feU other 8 wyse / for Huon slew Chariot, not 
knowinge who it was; wherfore kynge Charlemayn 12 
banyshyd hym 4 the realme of Fraunce, and chargyd 
hym, or 8 he tournyd, 6 to go to Babilone to do a message 
to the admyrall Gaudys / & 7 his brother Gerarde abode 
sty 11 at Burdeux to kepe the herytage / & than the 16 
duches his mother was so full of sorowe that her son 
was so banyshyd without cause / that she tooke there 8 
such a maladye / that she dyed therof / a 9 .v. yere past / 
& so therby Gerarde is lorde & gouernour of all y* 20 
londes, & he is maryed to the doughter of y* moost 
fellest 10 tyraunt fro thense in to Spayne / & this Gerarde 
hath lerned of hym many yll customs, & hath left all 
y* good wayes that was vsyd in y e dayes of duke Seuyn 24 
& of y e duches his mother / & he hath reysyd vp in all 
his londes / new taylles & gables & inpossessyons, 11 & 
chasyd & put fro hym all noble men / he dystroyeth 
the burgesses and marchaunte*, wedous & orphelyns / 28 
there can no man shew you y* yll that he hath done & 
doth daylly / & he hath dysheryt me / & on a day the 
barons of the countre desyryd me that I wolde take the 
payne to go and serche, as well by londe as by water, yf 32 
I myght fynde the yonge lord Huon, who is our ryght- 

1 it fell so out 
4 out of. * ere. 
8 therof. 9 about 

» he. » Fol. li. col. 2. 

6 returned. T But 
10 cruellest. 11 Impositions. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxi.] how outer finds huon and his brother. 


full lord, it is no we a 1 two yere that I haue serened and how h« has 
for hym in dyuers countrees / but I coude neuer here And him. 
one worde of hym, wherof I am ryght sorowfull / & to 

4 eeke hym I haue spent all my golde & syluer / how be 
it, these good marchaunte* hath taken me in to there 
shyp for the loue of god / they thought to haue brought 
me in to Fraunce / but by fortune we be here aryued at 

8 this porte.' 

f How Huon & Gerames, & al there com- 
pany, with the fayre Esclaramonde, departyd 
fro the castell of Anfalerne, & 2 entred in to 2 
12 the see. Ca. .lxi. 

Han Huon vnderstode y e prouost 
Guyer / he sayd to Gerames / ' Syr, o«ramei re«*- 

j> ai. t. / t i_ * j nlxet hit brother 

come forthe here / I haue founde in Guyer, 
your brother ' / thaw Gerames came 
to his brother, & enbraced & 
kyssyd hym, & 4 all wepynge sayd, 
' my dere frende & brother, ye be ryght hertely wel- 
20 com.' ' A, brother/ quod Guyer, ' nowe I care not 
whether I lyue or dye / syn 5 I haue founde you. and 
yf it were so yet that onnes or 6 I dyed I myght se 
my lorde Huon / than I cared not how sone I dyed.' 
24 'A, dere brother/ quod Gerames, 'ye shall not dye so 

sone, & yet ye shall se Huon, whose presence ye so and ihowi him 

A * how he has at 

sore desyre / it is Huon to whom ye haue spoken to 7 length found 
al this season ' / than Huon, sore wepynge, cam & en- 
28 braced Guyer, & sayd / ' my dere frend, your comynge 
is a ioye to my herte, for a more trewer knyght can not 
be found ' / ' syr/ quod Guyer, ' do ye know me ? ' / ' ye, 
trewlye/ quod Huon / 'and do ye know me?' / 'ye, 

1 about. *-* sayled thence on. 3 Pol. li. back, col. 1. 
* & afttr weeping. * seeing. • that yet once ere. 
T omitted. 

P 2 

Digitized by 


212 HUON OF BURDEUX. [Ca. lxL 

syr,' quod Guyer, ' ye are sore 1 desyryd in Fraunce / &, 
brother Gerames, I desyre you to shew me where ye 
haue ben syu* I saw you, for it is a 8 lx. yere syn 2 ye 
oeinmw teiu bu departyd out of Fraunce ' / than Gerames shewed hym 4 
adventures. all his lyfe / & shewed at length how he founde Huon / 
longe they were talkynge togyther, wherof they of y* 
shyp were ryght ioyfull / for than they saw well they 
were aryued at a good porte / 4 than Huon sayd to the 8 
maryners, 1 Syrs, I pray you make this nyght no grete 
noyse, nor make no fyer, nor shewe no lyght / for here 
before the castell is lodged two admyralles / paynyms, 
Huonpropoee* who hath 5 sworne that they wyll neuer goo hense 12 

that they and * * ° 

their company tyll 6 they haue vs at theyr plestr, therfore I counsell 

and Eftclaramonde . 

■imii embark for that we may scape out of this castell / we be here, 
•lupin which a 8 .xiii. persons, & with vs a noble lady / wherfore 
Guyer is wiling. ^ re q Uvre you lette vs com in to yoMr shyp, or 16 
elles we be all lost / & fere not but ye shalbe well 
payed for your laboure ; ye shall haue gold & syluer as 
myche as ye wyll desyre.' ' Syr/ q?(od the pa 7 trone, 
' ye nede not to speke of any golde or syluer / for this 20 
our shyp is yours, to do ther with at your pleasure * / 
' syr/ quod Huon, * I thanke you of your courtesy e / I 
praye you & your company come with me in 8 the 
castell, and I shall charge your shyp with golde & 24 
syluer, & ryche iewelles & presyus stoones / that you 
& al yours shal be ryche for euer / this must be done 
in hast, or 9 the paynyms here without parseyue vs / for 
yf they pcrceyue vs, we shal neuer get hense, for 10 in- 28 
contynent they wyll sende 11 of theyr shyppes, & take 
thys shyp.' ' sir/ quod the patrone, ' we are redy to obey 
Huon invitee the your commaundemenW 1 / 4 than y e patrone & .xxiiii. 
the treasure in maryners went with Huon in to the castell / & chargyd 32 
theca»tie. ^ ^ treasure that was within y* castell, A other 
ryches that Huon & his company had taken in the 

1 greatly. * since. 8 about. 4 and. 6 haue. 8 uqtill. 
7 Fol. li. back, col. 2. 8 to. 9 before. 10 but. 11 some. 

Digitized by 



towne / they bare all in to y* shyp, & vytaylles suffy- 
cyent / than Huon toke Esclaramonde by y e hande, all 
smylynge, & sayd, 1 fayre lady, one thynge I demaunde 
4 of you / be ye not dyspleasyd to leue y e countre <fc 
londe where as ye were borne 1 ' ' Syr,' quod she. ' I Bedaramonde 

i i , , \ , , / declare* that she 

haue longe desyryd to se y* day that I nowe do se 1 / it wining toieaTe 

her native land. 

well we may thauke our lord god Iesu Cryst, 2 that 
8 hath gyuen vs that grace to be sette 8 out of the handea 
of y* enemy es of y e fayth of Cryst, wherin we ought 
to beleue' / than Uuon entred in to the shyp, & y* 
fayre Esclaramonde, & Gerames, & all the other com- 

1 2 pany ; so they were in nombre within y e ship a 4 .xxxiiii. 
persons / & with them was Mouflet y* mynstrell / & 
whan they were all entred in to the shyp, & y* shyp At length the 
chargyd with all thynges necessarye / they weyed vp ^^uhThe 

1 6 theyr ancres, & lyft 6 vp theyr say lies / & so had a good ^Bedei!?** 
freshe wynde / so that they were within a whyell far S^^ nd much 
fro y* londes of y e .ii. admyralles sarazyns / they saylled 
so 6 that or 7 it was daye lyght they were passyd y* coost 

20 of y* Kodd^ / & so passid 8 by the yle of Cret / & so, 

by the ayde of god & good wynde, they aryued at y* Tiiey «oon anrire 
porte of Brandys / & so aboute noone, y e admyrall that B^ondy, • 
lay at 9 sege before y* castell of Anfalerne had gret 

24 meruayle that they coude se no man sterynge within 

the castell / than a paynym sayd to Iuoryn / ' syr, know xm of their 

, » flJght is brought 

for trouthe, within the castell ye shal fynde no man / to King iroryn. 

the frenchemen are 10 fled ; But we can not tell how ' / 
28 when the two admyralles herd that / they were sore 

troubled; & in hast they sette forth a galay & .xxx. 

paynyms therin, commaundyng them to go to the 

posterne / the whiche they dyd incontynent / and 
32 whan they came theyr / they founde nother man nor 

woman / & 11 founde the posterne open / & so they entred 

1 therefore. 2 God. 8 fet (fetcht). 4 some. 
6 hoysed. 9 long. T ere. 8 came. 
• Fol. Hi. col. 1. 10 all. » but 

Digitized by 



[Ca. lxii. 

TheSaraoww in to the castell, & than 1 openyd the hrode ggtcs I & 

enter U» castle. 

the two admyralles entred in, sore dyspleasyd that the 
frenchemen were so scapyd. Now let vs leue spekynge 
of theym, & returne to Huon, who was aryued in 4 
sauegarde at y e porte of Brandys. 

% How Huon & his cowpany aryued at the 
porte of Brandys / and fro thense went to 
Rome to the pope, who weddyd togythers 
Huon and the fayre Esclaramonde ; & of 
theyr departynge 2 thense. Ca. .lxii. 

II an Huon & his company saw howe 
they were aryued at the porte of 12 
At Brondji huol [ill Brandy s, they issuyd out of theyr 

and hit company \MI HA I 'I3 I 

go to church and V^lWlV 1 A?ll slivp. & deuoutlye went to the chyrche 

giT« thanks for 

th«ir dciiTcrance. ^^?^^v 0 f our lady/ and there gaue laude & 

thankes 3 to our lorde god, 4 and to his mother and 16 
vyrgyne, our lady seynt Mary, in that they 4 had 
brought them thether in 5 sauegarde / than they went to 
Garyn of seynt Omers lodgynge. whan they came there, 
the lady of the house, who was ryght sage 6 and courtoys, 20 
cam to Huon & sayd, ' Syr, of your comynge I am ryght 
ioyus. 7 But, syr, I pray you wher ha 8 ue ye left Garyn 
my lord and housbondel for syn 9 I se hym not with 
you, my hert trymbleth / for fere leest he be deed, or 24 

Hnon tciis elles 10 sum great encumbraumie. ,n 'Dame/ 12 quod 

Oarin'swifoof , , , , * 

her husband's Huon, ' to hyde the trouthe fro you, can not cause you to 
haue hym agayne / for it hathe pleasyd 13 our lorde 13 god 
that he is departyd oute of this worlde / wherf ore I wyll 28 
counsell you, as mych as ye may, leue doloure and 
heueneys / for we must all come therto / and I repute 

1 so. 8 from. 8 praise. 4-4 that. 

6 such. 8 wise. 7 ioyfull. 8 Fol. lii. col. 2. 
9 seeing. 10 of. 11 happened voto him. 

12 Madame. . 18 - w omitted. 

Digitized by 

Ca. lxiL] HOW huon arrives at bomb. 


you so sage 1 / that ye know well that for any sorow or 
wepynge that ye can 2 make, ye can not haue hym 
agayne 1 / whan the ladye had herde Huon / she fell 
4 downe in a transe, more lyke to be deed than alyue / 
than Huon and his company set her vp, and comfortyd 
her as myche as they myght / than Esclaramonde tooke Eaclaramonde 
and brought her in to her chambre / and dyd so mych 10 oomfort 
8 with her fayre & swete wordes, that sum what she 
apeasyd her / and than, sore wepynge, she cam to Huon / 
& he sayd, 4 dame, 8 apeace your selfe, and pray for hym, 
for we must all passe the same passage ' / with these 

12 wordes and such other, y* lady was apeasyd / than they 
washt and went to dyner / and after, Gerames & other 
of his company went in to y e towne, and bought horse 
and mules to ryde on, & bought ryche gownes all in 

16 one lyuery. ther they taryed an 4 .viii. dayes, & on the Eight dayi they 
.ix. daye they payed the patrone of the shyp in suche Broody., 
wyse that he was ryche euer after, & euery maryner 
had a good rewarde / wherof they thanked Huon, & 

20 offeryd to do hym seruyce. Than Huon and Esclara- The muur and 

aailortof tha ship 

monde, with all his 6 company, tooke theyr leue of there thatratcnadtham 
hostes, whom they left sore wepynge / and at theyr £^arta& 
departynge, Huon gaue her a ryche gyft, wherof humbly 
24 she thanked hym / 6 whan they were all redy, and theyr 

baggage trussyd 7 / they departyd & tooke the way Huon and 


towardes Rome with grete ioy & gladnes / who so euer and hit company 
was ioy full, Guier the prouost was 8 ioy full in two ** ** R ° rar * 

28 maners / one, in that he had founde his lorde Huon / 
and the other, for that he had founde his brother 
Gerames, and also by cause that his lorde Huon had 
fulfylled the message that kynge Gharlemain had 

32 chargyd hym to doo to the admyrall Gaudys / so longe 
they rode, 0 that in a mornynge they came to Home, & 

1 wise. 9 omitted. 8 Madame. 4 about. 
6 their. 6 and. T vp. 8 Fol. lii. back, col. 1. 
9 together. 



[Ca. lxii. 

On their arrival 
they all vlait Uie 

Haon tellt him 
how lie haa 
accomplished the 

and ask* him to 
admit Esclnra- 
monde into the 

Next day 
and Mouflet are 
both christened. 

alyghtyd at theyr lodgynge / than they al togyther 
went to here theyr 1 deuyne seruyce : & as they Issued 
out of the chyrche, they met a seruaunt of the popys / 
than Huon demaundyd of hym in what estate the pope 4 
was in. ' Syr/ quod the squyer, ' he is redy to here 
me88e ' 2 / than Huon & his company lept on theyr horses, 
and rode to the popys palays, and theyr alyghtyd / and 
than Huon held the fayre Esclaramonde by the hande / 8 
& the good prouost Guyer held his brother Gerames by 
the hande / and so all the other .ii. and .iL 8 than they 
founde the pope set 4 in his trone deuysyng wM his 
cardynelles / than Huon approchyd & salutyd hym 12 
humbly / whan the pope beheld Huon, he knew hym 
incontynent, & rose vp, & came 5 & enbracyd Huon, 1 
& kyssyd his cheke, and sayd / 4 fayre sonne Huon, ye 
be welcom ! I pray you shew me howe it is with you, 16 
& shew me of your aduentures.' ' Syr/ qiwd Huon, ' I 
haue enduryd yll* and trouble ynough, & all these 
other that are come with me / but thanked be oure 
lorde 7 Iesu Cryst, 7 it is so now 8 I haue brought with 20 
me / the berde & great teth of the admyra'U Gaudys / 
& haue also brought his doughter, who is here present / 
&, sir, I requyre you to geue her crystondome / and 
than I wyll wed her to my wyfe.' ' Huon, 1 quod y* 24 
pope, ' all this pleasyth me ryght well to do, and the 
rather syn 9 it is your pleasure ; & I desyre you tary 
here with me this nyght.' 1 Syr/ quod Huon, ' your 
pleasure shal be myn.' Thus Huon and his company 28 
taryed with y e pope all that nyght, wher as they made 
grete ioy / and in the next mornynge / 10 A funt was 
made redy / wherin the fayre Esclaramounde was 
crystenyd without chaungynge of her name / and also 32 
there was crystenyd Mouflet the mynstrell / & he was 

1 omitted. 
6 to him. 

* semice. 8 together. 

• many euil*. 7_ 7 g<>d. 
9 seeing. 10 Fol. lii. back, col. 2. 

8 together. 4 sitting. 
7 - 7 god. * that. 

Digitized by 


namyd 1 Garyn. 2 whan the sacremeut of baptysme Theminetrei 

taken the mm of 

was fynyshyd / the pope hymselfe 8 sange masse; 8 Gariu. 
fyret he confessyd Huon, & assoylled hym of all his 
4 synnes; 4 than he wedded hym to Esclaramonde / and 
whan 8 all the 5 deuine seruyce was endyd / then they 
went all with the pope to his palays, and there was The Pop marries 

Huon to 

made the solempnytes of y' maryage / 8 to shew the EacUramonde, 
8 maner of theyr seruyce, with meetes and drynkes and 
aparell of the hrydes / it 7 sholde be tedyous 7 to reherce 
it But one thynge I dare well say, 8 there had not ben 
sene 9 longe 9 before, suche a glory us and ryche fest / for tfl** » 

12 the pope dyd as myche 10 as tho they had ben his owne 
brother and syster / the melodye of the mynstrelles 
that played was so swete and delectable that euery 
man was sitysfyed with the herynge therof / and 

16 specyally it was meruayle to here Garyn, the newe 
crysten 11 mynstrell, to play / he played so swetly on his 
yyall that it was 12 ioy to here it / Thus there was Qreatjoy it in the 

Pope't palace. 

gret ioy in the popys palays / and 13 yf they had ben 
20 well serued at the dyner 18 / it was better at soupper / 
than 2 at nyght euery man with-drew 14 / and the new 
brydes lay togyther in grete pleasure all that nyght / 
& in the mornyng they rose & herd masse, 16 & than 
24 dynid / 2 than they trussyd 18 all theyr baggages, <fe 
chargyd theyr somers / mules & mulette* / & sadel) d 
theyr horses / 2 than Huon & Esclaramonde went & toke 
theyr leue of the pope, & thankyd hym of 17 y* honour 
28 & grete courtesy that he had shewed them, ' Syr/ 

quod y* pope, 'yf it wold please you to tary lenger Huon and his 
here with me, my goodes and my house shold be at leave of um Pope, 
your commaundement.' 1 Syr/ quod Huon, ' T can not 

1 called. 2 and. 3 3 said seruice. 4 faulteB. 
3 3 omitted. 6 but. 7 ~ 7 would be ouer- ted ioua. 
8 that •-• of n long time. » for them. 

11 christened. 12 great, 

is—is enen as they were well serued at dinner, so. 
14 hiniselfe. 16 seruice. 16 vp. 17 for. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. kiii. 

render 1 thankee to your holynes for y e good that ye 
haue done to vs. But, syr, lenger 2 1 can not tary, for 
the grete desyre that I haue to acomplyshe the rest 
of my besynes / therfore, syr, I recommaunde you to 4 
our lord god.' the pope kyssyd Huon, & touchy d 8 
Esclaramond by the hande. Thus they tooke theyr 
leue / and at theyr departynge, y e pope sent to them a 
Somer chargyd with gold, and clothes of sylke / and 8 
thus they departyd fro Kome. 

% Howe Huon and his company aryued at 
the abbay of Mauryse, whereas he was 
reseyued by the abbot and couent with 12 
grete reuerence. Ca. .lxiii. 

Fter that Huon had take leue of the 
4 holy father the 4 pope, he and his 
company departyd, & the fayre 16 
Huon and J^WM^IB Esclaranionde was mountyd on a 

rid^ftom^Roine to ^St/^^^f f a y re mu ^ e 4r y cne ty aparelyd 4 / 6 so 
longe they rode 4 throwe cytyes / townes / and 
vylages 4 tyll they myght se 4 afarre of, the stepelles 20 
and toures of 4 the cyte 6 of Burdeux / whan Huon 
sawe it, he lyft vp his handes to y* heuen, thankiwge 
god of his grace that he had brought hym thether 
in saue garde / and than he sayd to Esclaramonde, 24 
'fayre lady, yonder ye may se 4 before you 4 the 
cite and countre wherof ye shalbe lady & duchea / 
though it hath been or 7 thys tyme a realme.' 'Syr,' 
onytr the provo.t quod Guyer the prouost, 'it is good ye regarde wyslye 28 
intoraanSgh^ your besynes, the whiche touchy th you ryght nere ; 
hu'2ming b0t0f and, syr, yf ye wyll do by 8 my counsell / sende fyrst 
to an abbay that is here by, called the abbay of 

1 sufficient. 1 Fol. liii. col. 1. * tooke. 
*—* omitted. 6 and. 6 town. 7 ere. 8 after. 

Digitized by 

Ca. lxiv.] HOW HUON GOES towards bordeaux. 


Mauryse / the abbot is a notable clerke ; lette hym know 
of your corny nge, & that ye wyll dyne with hym.' 
' Syr/ quod Huon, 4 your counsell is to be % beleuyd ' / 
4 Uhan Huon sent to the abbot, certefyeng hym of his 
corny nge / whan the abbot knew of Huons 2 comynge he 
was ryght ioyfull, for he louid intyerly Huon, wherfore 
he sore desyred the syght of hym / than he called all his The Abbot bids 

. all his monks 

8 couent, and chargyd them, in the vertue of obedyence, give Huon a 
to 8 reuest them selues with crosse and myter & copes, 8 warm w#lco,ne * 
to reseyue Huon, the ryght full enherytour to the 
countre of Burdeux / though the kynges of Fraunce be 

12 our founders. But as to oure goode neyboure, we wyll 
doo this reuerence / for honoure is dew to them that dy- 
eerueth it ' / than the couent, as they were commaundyd, 
orderyd themselues / & so went out of the abbay to 

16 mete Huon, who, whan he saw them, he alyghtid a 4 
fote, and also Esclaramonde and Gerames, and all the 
other / thus the abbot and his couent in ryche 6 copes 
syngynge* mette with Huon / whan Huon was nere to 

20 the abbot, he was ryght ioyfull / and the abbot, who 
anone knew Huon, came to hym ryght humblye, 
and sayd / 'syr duke of Burdeux, thankyd be god in procession 

J 1 J they sing together 

that ye are come home, for your presence hath longe in honour of 

# H lion's return. 

24 ben desyryd ' / than they embrasyd eche other with 
wepynge teres for ioy / than the abbot welcomyd y 
prouost Guyer and all the other. But he knew not 
Gerames; for yf he had, he wolde haue made hym 

28 great fest.* 

% How the good abbot sent word to duke 
Gerard of Burdeux how his brother Huon 
was in the abbay of Mauryse. 
32 Capitulo .lxiiii. 

1 and. * Fol. liii. col. 2. *- s make them selues readye. 
4 on. *— * clothes seeming. 6 feasting. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lxiv. 

Kaon and his 
company tarry at 
the abbey of 
Maury ee, 

and are right well 

Huon relates the 
success or hie 

The Abbot 
advisee Huon to 
inform his 
brother of bis 

A messenger Is 


?IIus the abbot with hys couewt brought 
Huon to the abbay of Mauryse x with 
solempne processyon 1 / and Huon and 
Esclaramonde a * fote folowyd 8 the 4 
crosses; 8 & whan he came in to the 
chyrch, 1 Huon kyst al y* holy 4 relikes, and 1 Huon 
offeryd great gyftes / & after theyr offeri/iges & prayers 
made / they went in to the hall, and went to dyner. 8 
how well they were seruyd, nede not to be rehersyd / 
they had euery thynge that nedyd / the abbot 
sat by Huon, and eayd / 'syr, I pray you shew me 
how ye haue done, and how ye haue done 5 your 12 
message that ye were chargyd 6 by kynge Charlemayn.' 
'Syr,' quod Huon, 'thankyd be our lorde god, I haue 
acumplyshyd and done all that I was commaundyd to 
do, for I haue brought with me y e berde & y 0 .iiii. 7 teth 16 
of y* admyrall Gaudya / & also I haue brought with me 
his doughter, the fayre Esclaramonde, whom I haue 
weddyd in the cyte of Rome; <fc to morowe, by the 
grace of god, I wyll departe to go to kynge Charlemayne 20 
my soueraygne lord 1 / 1 Sir/ quod the abbot, ' of that 
I am ryght ioyus 8 / but, 1 sir, 1 yf it were your pleasure, 
I wolde sende to certyfye your comming to Gerard your 
brother / that he myght se you or 9 ye departyd 10 24 
hense' / 'sir/ quod Huon, ' I am content 11 ye sende for 
hym ' / than y* abbot commaundyd a squyer of his to 
go for duke Gerard / & so he went, & restyd not tyll he 
cam to Burdeux before duke Gerarde, & sayd, 1 syr, if 28 
it be your pleasure to come to y e abbaye of seynt 
Maiuyse / there shall ye fynde your brother Huon, who 
is come strayte 12 fro beyond y e see' / whan duke 
Gerarde herd surely 13 how his brother Huon was com to 32 

1-1 omitted. 2 on. 5-4 them. 

4 Fol. Iiii. back, col. 1. 6 ended. • to do. T great. 
8 ioyful. • before. 10 depart 11 that. 
12 lately. 13 certainely. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxv.] of qerard's treachery. 


y* abbay of sei/*t Mau rise, he was so ouereorae with yre G«rmrd grow. 

fyer, & sayd to y e messenger / * go & retourne, & say to 
4 my brother Huon / that I wyll ineowtynent com & but promts* to 

risit him at the 

vysyt hym ' / ' syr,' quod he, 1 1 shal shew hym of your abbey, 
comraynge,' & so departyd, & came agayne to the 
abbay, & shewyd Huo/* what his brother Gerarde had 
8 sayd. And whan duke Gerard sawe that the messenger Gerard eaiu on 

Gybouare, hit 

was dt-partyd, he was sorowf all and pensyue, and called traitorous father- 
to hym his father in law, his wyfes father, who was hi m . ' 
namyd Gybouars / the most fal 1 sest traytour that was 

12 fro y* Est to the west / & Gerarde sayd to hym / ' sir, 
I pray you geue me counseil in that I haue to do / for 
all the deuelle* in hell / hath brought my brother Huon 
fro the partes beyonde y e see, & he is now present in 

16 the abbay of seiwt Mauryse / tho abbot there hath sent 
me worde therof, & that I shold com thether to speke 
with hym / for as to morowe he wyll departe to go to 
Parys to the kynge, so that whan he is come thether, he when Huon gt*e 

20 wyll do so mych / that all his londe shalbe renderyd to Emperor, »u his 
hym / so 3 that I shall haue neuer a fote of londe 8 but reeu>red l tohta. 
that 4 ye haue geuen me with my wyfe, your dough ter / 
wherfore, dere father in lawe, I pray you in this grete 

24 mater to counseil and to 5 ayde me, or elles I am but 

lost' / 'fayre son,' quod Gybouars, 4 dysmay you no oybouan 

promises to 

thynge / for without my wyt do fayle me, I thynke to outwit uuou. 
playe hym a tourne, that it had been better for hym to 
28 hauo taryed there 9 he was / than to 7 come hether to 
clay me any 8 londe.' 

^ How Gybouars of Beam, & Gerard, Ima- 
genyd 9 Huons deth / and how the traytour 
32 Gerarde cam to se his brother Huo#, who 
with gret ioy reseyuyd hym. Ca. .lxv. 

1 Fol. liii. back, col. 2. 2 and. 3 left me. 4 which. 
• omXtUd. • where. 7 have. 8 my. • practised. 

& dyspleasure / that his vysage became lyke a flame of 

angry when the 
newt le brought 



Gybouars bids 
Gerard go to 

and, aftar giving 
him a loving 

Induoe hira to eat 
out with him for 

In a little wood 
Gybouars will lie 
In ambush to 
seize Huon and 
make him 

end of him. 

Gerard is also to 
rob him of the 
teeth and the 
beard he ie 
bearing back, 

and it ehall be 
told the Emperor 
that Huou has 
returned without 

Charlemagne will 
surely demand 
his lift. 

[Has, as ye haue herd, *sayd these ii 
tray tours 1 / than Gybouars sayd to 
Gerarde / ' fayre son, goo ye your way 
to yonr brother Huon, & take with you 4 
but one squyer / & whan ye come 
there, make to hym all the chere ye can / & shew 
hym as grete loue as ye can do, & humble your 
selfe to hym, to then tent that he take in you no sus- 8 
pecyon / & 2 whan y' mornynge commeth, hast hym 
to departe / & whan ye come with hym nere such a 
lytell wood, fynde sum rygurus wordes to hym, & 
make as though ye were dyspleasyd with hym / & I 12 
shalbe redy in that same lytell wood enbusshid, 8 and 
xl men of armes with me, & whan I se that wordes 
[be] 4 bet wen you / I shall Issu out, and slee all those 
that become 5 with hym, so that none shall scape alyue / 16 
& than take your brother Huon, and cast hym into a 6 
pryson in on of the toures of your palays in Burdeux, 
and there myserably he shall ende his dayes / and than 
in hast ye shall ryde to Parys / but or 7 ye goo to Parys, 20 
ye shall take fro hym the admyralles berde & great 
teth / & than ye shall shewe to y* kynge, how Huon 
your brother is retumyd with out bryngyng other 
berde or teth of the admyrall Gaudys / and how for 24 
that cause ye haue set 8 hym in pryson / the kynge wy 11 
beleue you, for he hateth greatly Huon, by cause of y e 
deth of his sonne Chariot whom he slew ; for the hate 
that the kynge hath to hym in his herte, shall neuer 28 
departe from hym / and therfore, sonne, whan ye be 
with your brother, demaunde of hym yf he haue the 
admyralles berde and teth, or not / and whether he do 
here them hymselfe, or who elles / for yf he haue them 32 
not, he shal neuer haue peace with y § kyng / but he 

1—1 these two traitors conspired, and. 
8 Fol. liiii. (prig, xlix.) col. I. 4 are. 

> But 

• come. 

• omitted. 


Digitized by 



wyll cause hym to be slayne of an yll 1 deth, other 3 
hangyd or drawyn ; for your brother layd hostage, 
promysynge that he wolde neuer retourne without he 

4 brought with hym y* admyrall Gaudys berde and great 
teth / and also he promysed that he sholde 8 neuer enter 
in to his herytage tyll he had spoken with the kynge ; 
& that was euiunyd hym on payne of deth.' Thus, as 

8 ye haue herde, these .ii. traytours deuysyd and con- 
cludyd the deth of Huon. ' Gerarde,' quod Gybouars / Gybouars goes to 

assemble forty 

1 thynke well of 4 your besynes / & I shall go & men to ue with 

y % t» him in am bush. 

assemble to-gether .xl. of my moost secrete seruantes, 
12 & in other places where as 6 I can gette them, to 
furnyshe this entrepryse.' 'Syr/ quod Gerarde, 'I 
shall goo to the abbay to se my brother whan it is a 
lytell nerer to y* nyght ' / &• whan the owre came, the 
16 false traytour departyd 7 fro Burdeux, & with hym but Gerard eets out 

with one *<juirs 

one squyer, & so 8 rode tyll he 8 came to the abbay /& there from Bordeaux, 
alyghtyd : & whan he perseyuyd his brother Huon / he M meeU aou * 
enbrasyd & kyssyd hym with suche a kysse as Iudas kyst H^g^g^m* 
20 Cryst / whan Huon saw Gerarde his brother come with 
suche humylite / the water fell fro his / 9 iyen for 9 kynd- 
nes, and enbrasyd hym & kyst hym, & sayd / ' ryght Huon it orer- 

Joyed to tee ld§ 

dere brother, I haue grete loy to se you ; I pray you brother. 
24 shewe me how you haue done syn my departure.' 1 Syr/ 

qaod Gerarde, 1 ryght well, now I se you in good helth.' 

4 Brother,' quod Huon, 1 1 haue gret meruayle that ye 

be thus come alone without company.' ' Syr,' quod 
28 Gerarde, 'I dyd it for y e more humilyte, by cause I Gerard promisee 

to assemble all 

know not how ye shall spede with the kynge / nor the barons to 
whether ye shall haue agayne your londe or no. yf god Bordeaux, 
wyll that ye shall haue it, I shall than 5 assemble all 
32 the barons of the countre 10 to reseyue you, and to make 
you chere accordynge / this, str, I shall do tyll ye 

1 cuill. 2 either. 8 would. 1 on. 
6 omitted. • so. 7 Fol. liiii. {prig, xlix.) col. 2. 
8 they. »- B eyes with. 10 court. 

Digitized by 

224 HUON OF burdeux. [Ga. lxv. 

re to a mo / often 1 tymys these grete pry nces are mutable 
& lyghtly beleuy th ; for this cause, air, I am secretly 
Haon thanki com to you.' 4 Brother/ quod Huon, * your aduyse is 

Gerard, and says _ . 

how he is setting good : I am content that ye thus so* do / and to morow 4 
out ioi Paris ^ tymys I wyll departe towardes Parys ' / than these 
two bretherne toke eche other by the hand, makynge 
grete ioy. 'Brother/ quod Gerard, 1 1 am ryght ioyous 
whan I se you thus retournyd in helth and pro*peryte / 8 
haue ye acumplyshyd the message that kynge Charles 
chargid you withal V / 1 brother/ quod Huon, 4 know for 
with the heard trouthe that I haue the berde & grete teth of the 
Admiral QaudUae, adniyrall Gaud j 8 ; & besyde that, I haue brought with 12 
me his doughter, y e fayre Esclaramounde, whom I haue 
taken to my wyfe, and weddyd her in the cyte of 
andmnch Rome ; and also I haue here with me .xxx. somen 

treasure from the 

B««t. chargyd with gold and syluer& ryche iuelles garnysbyd 16 

with presyous stones / wherof y e halfe parte shalbe 
yours / & yf I shold shew you y* paynes / trauelle*, & 
pouertyes that I enduryd s syn* I saw you last, it sholde 5 
be ouer long to reherse.' 1 Syr/ quod Gerarde, ' I be- 20 
leue you well / but, syr, I pray you shewe me by what 
meanes or ayde ye dyd brynge your enterpryse to an 

Huon teiis how ende.' ' Brother/ quod Huon, 1 it was by a kynge of the 

Oberon aided 

him, fay rye, called Oberon, who dyd me such socoure and ayde, 24 

that I came to my purpose, and strake of the ad my ra lie* 
hede, and so toke his berde and great teth.' ' Brother/ 

and how the quod Gerarde. '& how do ye kepe them, & where?' 

objects of his 

minion are kept * Brother/ quod Huon, 4 beholde here Gerames, who 28 
hath them in his syde / kynge Oberon dyd set them 
there by the fayrye & by the wyll of god 1 / * syr/ quod 
he, 'whiche is Gerames V 'Brother/ quod Huon, 
1 here ye may se hyra before you : he with the great 32 
hore 6 berde.' 1 Syr/ quod Gerarde, 1 of what londe is 

i for. 1 omitted. 

3 Fol. liiii. (prig, xlix.) back, col. 1. 4 aince. 
* would. • hoarie. 

in Oeramee's side, 

Digitized by 


he off / 'he is of the best frendes that I haue/ quod and how he bed 

chanced to meet 

Huon / ' and he is Brother to the good prouost Guyer / Geramea. 
je neuer herd speke of a trewere nor more noble man / 

4 I found hym in a wood, where as he had dwelt a 1 .xL 
yere in penaunce / god aydyd me greatly whan I founde 
hym / for yf he had not ben, I coude not haue retourned 
hether / mych payne and pouerte he hath endurid for 

8 my sake. And now, Brother, I pray you shewe me 
howe ye haue done syn I departyd fro you. it hath ben 
shewyd me 2 howe ye be 2 rychely maryed / 1 praye you 
where was your wyfe borne, and of what lynage is she Huon i«ami of 
12 of]' 'Syr,' quod Gerard, 'she is dough ter to duke 3 
Gybouars of Cecyle, who is a great lorde, and 4 hath 
great londes & sygnoryes. M ' Brother/ quod Huon, ' I 
am sory that ye haue taken suche alyaunce / for I know »od deplores that 

he hit s father-in* 

16 hym for the moost tray tor that can be founde, & 6 moost uw who is * 
vntrewest' 4 Syr/ quod Gerarde, ' ye do yll to say so, ******* tr * itor * 
for I take hym for no suche person. 9 

f Howe these .ii. bretherne departyd fro the 
20 abbay aboute mydnyght / & how the 
traytor Gerarde began 6 to fall at rude 
wordes with Huon whan they aprochyd 
nere to the wood where as Gybouars lay in 
24 7 a busshement. 7 Ca. .lxvi. 

Hus as these two bretherne deuysyd of 
Gybouars, the abbot came to them & The Abbot invito 

Huon and his 

demaundyd of Huon yf it were his brother to sapper, 
pleasure to go to supper. ' syr/ quod 
Huon, c whan it please you, I & my 
brother shalbe redy.' the fayre 

1 about. *— 2 that ye are very. * omitted. 
Signior. 6 the. 6 Fol. liiii. (prig, xlix.) back, col. 2. 
7 — 7 in ambush. 


Digitized by 

226 hcon op burdeux! [Ca. Ixvl 

Esclaramonde, who was wery of trauayle, was in her 
chamhre apart, and dyuers other of her company with 
her, where as she souppyd & lay that nyght / Huon 
was sumwhat troublyd by cause his brother had taken 4 
to his wyfe the doughter of a traytor / thus they 
was8hyd <fe 1 than sat 1 down to supper, where 2 as 2 they 
were rychely seruyd, & at another table sat the prouost 
Guyer <fe Gerames his brother, & dyuers other barons. 8 
Gerard hates Gerarde behelde y* prouost, whom he vtterly hatyd, by- 

Guyer the provost 

because he went causo ne went to seke for Huon / he sware to hym 
Huon. selfe, that yf he myght onnes go out of the abbay, 

and long* for hit that he shold be y* fyrst 3 sholde lese his lyfe / 4 he 12 
dyd ete & drynke but lytell for thynkynge to accom- 
plyshe his yll entrepryse / whan they had suppyd, 
they rose fro the borde / & theyr beddos were made 
redy. Than Huon called y* abbot apart, and sayd / 16 
'syr, I haue 2 in you grete trust / I haue 2 brought 
hether with me gret ryches. I wyl leue it here with 
you to kepe tyll my retourne, & I pray you, for any 
Huon (fire* his maner of thynge that may fall, delyuer it to 5 no man 20 
ke^ing 3 of l th°e th6 lyuynge, But all onely to my selfe ; and yf god gyue 
Abbot. me the grace to retourne, your parte shalbe therm.' 

' Syr/ quod the abbot, 4 al that ye take me to kepe 
shalbe sauely kept to your behoue / & I shall do so 24 
that ye shalbe content.' than 6 he went to bed, and 
Gerard with hym / then 7 Gerard sayd, 'brother, yf 
ye thynke it good, I shall call you 8 betymes / for it 
semeth that to morrowe the day wyl be bote.' 1 Bro- 28 
c.erard and Huon ther/ quod Huon / ' I am content/ Thus they lay 
«me bed. togyther in one bed / but the traytoure Gerard had no 

lyst to slepe, for tho great desyre that he had to be 
reuenged of his brother, who neuer dyd hym ony 32 
trespas / alas ! why dyd not Huon knowe his entente 1 
if he had, the mater had not gone so to passe / at laste 

1-1 sate them. *~ 2 omitted. 8 that 4 and. 
6 vnto. 8 Fol. Iv. col. 1. 7 where. 8 vp. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxvi.] how huon sets forth to visit the emperor. 227 

the houre cam that the cockos began to crow, then 
Gerarde a-woke Huon and sayd / * brother, it were good Gerard rouses 
for V8 to aryse, for anone it wyl be day. it is good to crow" at C ° ck 
4 ryde in the coole' / a ! 1 the yll traytoure / his thought ££31* to* 
was other wyse. Whan Huon herd his brother, he Jouruey * 
rose vp / and so 2 euery man a rose 3 & made them redy / 
' syr,' quod Gerames, ' how is it that ye be so hasty to Gerames 
8 departe 4 hens] I praye you let me slepe a lytell «rij^de^Irtur*. 
lenger' / 'syr/ qtiod Gerarde, ' that is yll sayd / for he 
that hath besynes to do that toucheth hyni nere ought 
not to slepe nor reste tyll 6 his besynes is 6 fynysshed.' 

12 'By my trouthe,' quod Huon, 'my brother sayth Bat Huon judge* 
trouthe, for I haue good 7 desyre to speke with kyng and hit party 
Charlemayne ' / than euery maw trussed 8 and toke theyr Ibbot.**™ ° f Ul * 
horses, & the fayre Eaclaramowde was redy and mounted 

16 on a 9 mule, & so they all toke theyr leues of the abbot, 
who was ryght sorowful that they 10 departyd 10 so erly / 
then the gates were opened, and so departyd .xiiii. in 
a company / and Esclaramond made the .xv. and 

20 Gerard rode before to lede them the 11 way that he wolde award leais tht 
haue them to ryde / 12 Esclaramonde, 18 richely 13 aparelled, * V 
rode very soberly / & she came to Huon & sayd / 4 sir, 
I can not tell what me ayleth / but my herte is so sore Etciaramonde u 

troubled at heart. 

24 troubled that all my flesshe 14 trymbleth ' / 'dame/ 15 quod 
Huon, ' be not dysmayed nor haue no 16 fere / for ye be 
in a good couwtre, where, by the grace of god, ye shall 
be 8*rued lyke a prynces and lady of the courctre ' / 

28 and 17 with those wordes spekynge her mule stumbled Herhon* 


on the one fote before / so that she had nere hande a 
grete falle / thew Huon aproched to her & toke the 
brydle of the mule in his hande & sayd / ' fayre lady, 
32 haue ye ony hurtel ' 'sir/ quod she, 18 ' I had almost 

1 But. 2 omitted. 3 vp. 4 from. 6 vntill. 
• be. 7 great. 8 vp their things. 9 stately. 
10-10 would depart. 11 right. 12 and. 
13—13 being very sumptuously. 14 bodie. 16 Madame. 
ia any. » Fol. lv. col. 2. 18 but 

Q 2 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lxvL 

fallen.' ' By my fayth,' quod Gerames, ' we haue done 
1 grete foly to departe or it be 1 day lyght.' ' Syrs,' 
quod Gerard, ' I neuer saw men so ferefull for so small 
a cause.' ' Syr/ quod Gerames, * I knowe not why ye 4 
Gerames begs speke it / but yf I myghte 2 be byleued, we shall 2 not 

Huon to return to 

the abbey and wait goo one foo te further / but returne agayne to the abbey 
jmtiuh.daj ^ 8 ^ lyght.' ' By god,' quod Gerarde, * it were 

but Gerard toils grete foly to returne agayne now for the stumblynge of 8 

him his fears are 

idle. a mule / I neuer saw men so ferefull. let vs ryde 

forth and make good chere ; I se y e day begynneth to 
apere' / so they rode forth tyll 4 they came to a crosse, 
where as there was .iiii. wayes, this was a legge fro the 12 
abbey / then Huon rested and sayd / 4 loo, here is the 
when Huon border of the terrytory of y e abbey of saynt Mauris, 
ero^roadThe and this one way is to Burdeux, the whiche waye I 
thaUeade to* 1 * wyll not ryde, for so I haue promysed to kynge Charle- 16 
Emperor! 14 *** mayne / to whom I neuer yet falsyd my fayth. yf I 
dyd it sholde be the cause that I myght lese my 
seynory. & this other way goeth to Rome / and this 
other way before vs is the ryght way in to Fraunce, the 20 
whiche way I wyl ryde and none other ' / so they rode 
forth / & al theyr company / & within a whyle they 
were nere to the wode, within a bowe shot where as the 
traytoure Gybouars lay in 6 a busshement 6 / & 6 when 24 
Gerard saw his hour & tyrae to speke to 7 his brother 
oerard eompiaine Huow, he sayd, * brother, I se ye are in mynd to go in 

that when Huon , 

ha* re-entered to fraunce to 7 kynge Charlemayne to haue your landes 

Kim'artf^du be & seygnoryes / the whiche I am sure ye shall haue / it 28 

lea penniless, ^ ^ j on g e tnat j haue ^ept it & maynteyned the 

cou/itre in peace & rest and good iustyce, & haue wonne 
but lytell, nor haue had but small profyte, not y* 
8 valew of one peny, and I am maryed to a noble lady / 32 

l — 1 very ill, for that wee departed from the Abbey before. 
*— * counsell yee we would. 3 omitted. 4 vntill. 
*— 6 ambush men t. 6 now. 7 vnto. 
8 Fol. lv. back, col. 1. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxvii.] of Gerard's evil design. 


doughter to a grete lorde / and it troubleth my herte 
sore when ye repute hym for a tray tour / yf he knew it, 
by likelyhode it myght turne you to grete foly / for 
4 we byleued that ye sholde neuer haue returned / ther- 
fore now I may say that I am not worth a peny / ther- 
fore I wold know of you how ye wolde ayde me, and and inquires how 

Huon will kid 

what parte I shall haue at your returne out of Frounce/ him. 
8 ' Brother/ quod Huon, ' I haue grete meruayle of this 
that ye say / ye know wel that in the abbey of saynt 
Maurys I haue lefte .xx. somers charged with fyne 
golde / and I haue sayd to 1 you that your parte shal be Huon promise* 

12 therin as moch as myne / nor I shall haue no peny but he has brought 
the 2 one halfe is yours/ 'Brother/ quod Gerard, 'all fromtheEa?t » 
this suffyseth not to me / for I wolde haue parte of y* but Gerard 
seygnory to maynteyn myn estate/ When Huon thsUuick^r 

16 vnderstode his brother, his blode rose in to his face / Borde * u ** 
for he saw wel his brother serched all that he coude to 
fall at debate with hym / 8 Gerames, who was sage and 
wyse, parceyued anone that the mater was lyke to go 

20 euyll / and sayde to 1 Huon / ' syr, graunt to Gerard Gerames adTises 
your brother his demaunde. ye are bothe yonge ynough Ailed with wrath, 
to conquere landes ' / ' Gerames/ quod Huon, ' I am SouTe'J'his desire, 
content that he shall haue Burdeux or Gerome / let w,d Ui§ knlght 

24 hym take whiche he lyst. Brother/ quod Huon, 
'shewe whiche of these .ii. ye wyll haue, and I wyll 
haue the other/ 

% Howe these traytours slewe all Huons 
28 company except Gerames and Esclaramond 
and Huon himselfe, the whiche all thre 
were faste bounde handes and fete and 
blyn felde, and so brought to 1 Burdeux and 
32 were set 4 in pryson. Capt. .lxvii. 

1 vnto. * that. 3 and. 4 put 

Digitized by 




[Ca. Ixvii. 

Gerard It 
Huon will not 
quarrel with him, 
and reproaches 
the provost Quyer 
with having 
caused hit ruin. 

Hnon and his 
company reach 
the wood where 
Gybouara with 
hi* men lies in 

Huon is 
dismayed, but 

attacks his 
enemies manfully, 
although be is 

Twelve of his 
company are 

Huon ia bound, 
and Gerard cuts 
open Gerames' 
side and takes 

Hen y e fals traytoure Gerard saw & 
vnderetoile his broder, how he dyd 
grau?it him his desyre / & sawe how 
that in no wyse he wold stryue with 4 
hym, he was ther with so dyspleased 
that he was nere hande in a rage / then he came to 
the prouost Guyer and sayd, 'Guyer, Guyer, False 
traytoure, by the & by thy purchase I am lyke to lese 8 
all my seygnorye / but by y e fayth that I owe to 2 him 
that me created / or 3 I dye I shall stryke of thy heed / 
nor I shall not let to do it for ony person ' / & ther- 
with, when he sawe his tyme, he cryed his worde & 12 
token / and Gybouare who was in the wode with .xl. 
men armed brake out with theyr speres in theyr restes ; 
and when Huon parceyued them it was no meruayle 
thoughe he was abasshed / then humbly he besought 16 
our lorde god to saue his body fro mysfortune / 4 gladly 
he wolde haue returned to the abbey / but he was so 
sore oner layde that he coulde not / then he drew out 
his swerde and gaue ther with y e fyrst that came suche 20 
a stroke that he claue his heed to the teeth, and so fell 
deed to the grounde / and Huon strake so on 5 the ryght 
hande and on 5 the lefte / that whom so euer he strake a 
full stroke neded after no surgyon / yf he had ben 24 
armed he wolde not lyghtly haue ben taken without 
grete losse ; but his defence coude not auayle hym / 
for he and all his company were vnarmed, & all the 
other .xL were clene armed, and they all fought cruelly 28 
in such wyse that within a whyle .xii. of Huons men 
were slayne in the place / aud none scaped alyue 
excepte Huon, who was beaten downe to the erth & 
his handes bounde / then Gerard the traytoure came to 32 
Gerames, who was beaten downe by force / and then he 
cut open his ryght syde, and toke out therof the 

1 Fol lv. back. col. 2. 

4 and. 

2 vnto. 
6 vpon. 

3 before. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxvii.] how huon returns to bordeaux. 


Admyrall Gaudys berde & .iiii. greto teth, the whiche thence the objects 

i i in of Huon'a miudun 

were set there by 1 Oberon of the fayry / 2 Huon seynge to Babylon, 
the old Gerames lyenge on the erth, he sayd with a 
4 hye voyce to 3 Gerarde, 'a, 4 broder, I praye you shew At Huon'a 

request he spares 

me that curteyse as not to sle that olde gentylman, but the old man's 
saue his lyfe ' / 4 brother/ quod Gerarde, 4 that he hath Ufe * 
let him kepe, other hurt he shal none haue at this 
8 tyme ' / then they bounde his eyen / then they came Huon'a eyea are 


to Esclaramonde, who lay on y e erth in a swone / they 
bounde her handes & her eyen, & so set her, whether and Esclaramonde 
she wolde or not, vpon a horse / & Huon, as he was hand* weubound 
12 blyndfeld, he herde the cryes & wepynges that she horae. UP ° na 
made, then he sayd / 4 broder Gerard, I pray you for 
the loue of our lorde Jesu cryst suffre none yll to be Hwm pleads for 

. hie wife, 

done to that good lady who is my wyfe, nor no dys- 
16 honour* / 'brother/ quod y e tray tour Gerarde, 4 thynke 
on your selfe, & speke no more. I shal do as it please 

me 9 1 the/? they set Huon & Gerames on .ii. horses / bat he and 

then the fals tray tour toke y e .xii. deed bodyes and dyd Mt^ho^ee• al,0 

20 cast them into the grete ryuer of Geron ; then they with her * 

toke y e way to y* cyte of Burdeux, & led the thre »nd brought 

. towards the city 

prysoners fast bounde on 5 thre horses / pyte it was to of Bordeaux, 
here the noble lady Esclaramond coraplayne, & she 

24 sayd to 3 Huon, 4 a, syr, ye haue sayd to me that when Eaciaramonde 
we were ones in your cou?*tre of Burdeux that ye wold iSe. 0 "* tM * 
cause me to be crowned wet/* golde / but now I se 
well / that in grete payne & mysery we must vse the 

28 resydew of our lyues / ye haue founde here an yll 
brother, syn he hath purchased for you so moche yll / 
surely there is better fayth & trouth amonge the 
sarazin8 then is in the people of the realme of Frauuce.' 

32 4 dame/ 6 quod Huon, 4 your trouble more dyspleaseth 
me then myne owne / god sonde to my brother Gerard 7 
rewarde as he hath deserued for the treason that he 

1 Kinge. 2 Fol. lvi. col. 1. 3 vnto. 4 omitted. 
6 vpon. 6 Madame. 7 such. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lxviil 

ha the done 1 to 1 vs* / thus they complayned, & wyste 
They mter not why ther they were caryed / they entred in to the 
dejUght, cite of Burdeux an hour before day. Alas that the 

good burgesses of the cite had not 2 knowyn how theyr 4 
lorde Huon was so falsely 3 betrayed / yf they had 
knowe/i it, he had ben rescued, and Gerard & Gybouars 
hewen all to peces / but the false Gerarde brought 
and through dwk them by preuy darke lanes to the palayes, for that they 8 

lanes, eo that " * " * ^ J 

none «haii lee shold not be parceyued / thus they cam to the castell / 

them, are led to ' 

the paiaoe. there 4 they alyghted & vnarmed them / then they toke 
Huon and Esclaramonde & Gerames & put them all in 
The three to a depe pryson all thre togyther / & ordeyned that 12 

prisoners Are 

placed in a deep they sholde haue euery day barly brede & water / & 
aro^enntae commaunded the gayler to gyue them none other 
thynge, and also commaunded that nother man nor 
woman shold speke with them / the gayler promysed 16 
so to do, for he was seruant to Gybouars ; 5 such as the 
mayster was so was the seruuant / thus Huon 1 was l 
betrayed pyteously by his brother Gerarde & set in 
pryson, & with him his wyfe Hhe fayre 1 Esclaramonde, 20 
& Gerames / wounded on the syde as he was. Now 
we wyll leue to speke of this pyteous company durynge 6 
grete sorow in y* horryble pryson in the grete toure 
of Burdeux 24 

% How the traytours returned to the abbey 
of saynt Mauris & slew the good abbot, & 
toke awaye all the treasure that Huon had 
lefte there, Capitulo .lxviii. 28 

*-* mnttted. * but. 5 Fol. lvi. col. 2. * where. 
6 and. 6 enduriDg. 

Digitized by 

Ca. lxviiL] how gerard slats the abbot. 233 

Has as ye haue herd here before howe 
Gerarde & Gybouars had put in pry- 
son Huon & Esclaramonde & Gerames 
in grete mysery ; & when it was day, 
Gerarde & Gybouars departed out of 
Burdeux, & all theyr company, & rode 
agayne to y* abbey & came thyder to dyner / then Gerard and 
8 Gerard sent for y* abbot to come & speke wtt/i hym / uf^Abb^y"" 1 
when y* abbot herde how Gerard was come agayne to out! Hu °" had 
y* abbey he had grete meruayle / & so came to Gerard The abbot 

_ , marvels at their 

& sayd, ' sir, ye be welcome. I pray you 1 what aduen- quick return. 

12 ture hath brought you hyther agayne so shortly] / I 
2 went ye 2 had ben gone wtt/t your brother Huon ' / ' Sir,' 
quod the traytour, ' after that my brother Huon was 
deportyd hens / he remembred his ryche* that he left 

16 wit/i you to kepe, & by cause he shal haue grete nede 
therof to gyue gyftes to 3 the grete prynces & lordes that 
be aboute kyng Charlemayne, to y e entent that his 
besynes may take y* better effect / therfore my brother Gerard says that 

20 hathe sent me to 3 you desyrynge you to sende his good him to fetch hi» 
to 3 him by me' / 'sir,' qtiod y* abbot, 'when your ****** 
brother Huon depa?'ted hens, trewe it was 4 he left with 
me his ryches to kepe, & charged me / not to delyuer bat the abbot 

24 it too ony person lyuynge, but alonely to his owne ■worn to deliver 
person / therfore, str, by the fayth that I owe to 3 my Huon himself, 
patron saynt Maurys I wyl not delyuer 3 you one peny ' / 
when y e traytour Gerard vnderstode that answere, he 

28 sayd / ' dane abbot, thou lyest / for whyther thou wylte Gerard eayi he 

. _ , will seize them in 

or not I wyll haue it, & no thank e to the, & yet thou epiteofhu 
shalt also repent thy wordes ' / then Gerard sodenly and he and 
toke y* abbot by y* here of his 5 heed / & Gybouars toke abS!*™ ^ 
32 him by y* one arme & dyd so stryke him with a staffe 
- that he al to brused him, & then dyd cast him to the 
erth so rudely that his hert brast 6 in his body & so 

1 Fol. lvi. back, col. 1. 3 ~ a had thought that you. 
3 vnto. 4 that 6 the. 6 burat. 

Digitized by 


The monk* 
flee in fear, 
but the traitors 
pursue them. 

Despairing of 
life, the monks 
implore the 
robbers to show 
them mercy, 
and offer to give 
them the gold. 

Gybouars spares 
their lives, and 
taking the key* 
from them, 
seizes all the 
treasure of the 
church there, 
besides Huon's 


[Ca. lxviiL 

One of the monks, 
wtio is cousin to 
Gybouars, is 

Gerard and 
Gybouars bear it 
to Bordeaux. 

A third of it 
Gerard lays in his 
chamber, but the 

dyed / when y e monkes saw theyr abbot slayn they 
had grete fere, & so fledde away, & the two tray tours 
wt't/i theyr swerde* in there handes wente after them 
with sore thretnynges ; & when y e monkes sawe how 4 
they coude not escape for y e two traytours & theyr men, 
they x taryed and 1 fell downe on theyr knees, 1 ryght 1 
humbly prayenge them to haue pyte J & compassyon 1 
of them, & that they wolde she we them all the golde & 8 
treasure that was in y e hous, to do ther with at theyr 
pleasure / then y* tray tour Gybouars sayd how they 2 
hadde spoken welL 8 when the monkes saw how they 
had peace they shewed to the two traytours the place 12 
where as 4 the treasure was, and delyuered 5 them the 
keyes / so they toke away all the treasure that Huon 
•had lefte there, and besyde that all the treasure of 
the chyrch / crosses / sensers / chalesses / copes / and 16 
candelstyckes of syluer, all they tooke & caryed awaye / 3 
yf and I sholde resyte all the ryches that they had 
there, it shold be to longe to be rehersed. In that house 
theyr was a monke who was cosyn to Gybouars, whom 20 
the two traytours made abbot of that place / 7 when they 
had acheuyd theyr entrepryce they departed with all 
that ryches, wher with was charged .xv. strong some re / 
they left not in y e abbey the valew of a floren / for 24 
euery thyng that was good they toke with them / and 
so rode tyll 8 they came to Burdeux, 9 & all 9 they passed 
thrugh the towne they were gretely regarded of all the 
burgesses of the cyte / they 10 hadde grete meruayle fro 28 
whens theyr lord came with so grete ryches. These 
traytours passed forth tyll 8 they came to the palays, & 
there they dyscharged theyr somers / then Gerard toke 
the treasure that .v. of the somers dyd cary and layde 32 
it in his chambre & cofere / then he ordeyned that .x. 

*— 1 omitted. s the monks. 8 and. 
6 to. 8 Fol. lvi. back, col. 2. 1 so. 

°- 9 Now as. 10 who. 

4 omitted. 
8 vntill. 

Digitized by 

Ca. Ixviii.] of Gerard's visit to Charlemagne. 235 

somers shol Je be trussed forth to go to Parys, and sent re«t he rend* 
them forwarde, and sayd howe he wolde folowe soone 
after / then he and Gybouars dyned, & after mete they 
4 mounted on 1 theyr horses, and the new abbot, cosyn to with Gyboaar* 
Gybouars, with them, and two squyers and a 2 .vi. other follow it in iu 
seruawtes, and so rode in hast to ouertake their somers Joan,ey ' 
with theyr tresure, and so witAin two legges they ouer- 
8 toke them / & so then they all togyder rode so longe 
tyll 3 on a wednysday they came to Parys. they lodged 
in the strete next to 4 the palays in a good hostrye, & 
were well serued, & so rested tyll 3 on* the 6 mornyng / 

12 then they rose & apparelled them in fresshe arraye / & On the day after 
they led with them .v. of theyr somers with ryches, & make preeente of 
two of them they presented to the quene & the other iSch«toth« 
thre to y e kynge, wherfore they were receyued with to U *ei^gand 

16 grete ioye / then after they gaue grete gyftes to euery lord * of 11,0 
7 lorde in the courte / & specyally to y 6 offycers, wher- 
fore they were gretely praysed. But who so euer toke 
ony gyfte, duke Naymes wolde take neuer a peny / for The Dak j rtU ^ 

20 he thought 8 al that rychys was not wel go ten, & that no gift, 
they dyd it for some crafte, therby to attayne to some* 
fals dam pn able enterpryce / this duke was a noble, 
wyse knyght 10 and a trew, and of good counsell / 9 

24 he 11 well parceyued theyr malys. Then the kynge 
commaunded the thre cofers to be 12 set in his chambre, 
& wolde not loke in 13 them tyl 3 he hadde spoken with 
Gerarde / whom he caused to sytte downe by hym / & 

28 Gybouars in lyke wyse, 14 and 15 the newe abbot / for it 
is le a sayenge 16 that they that gyue are euer 17 welcome. 
1 Gerard/ quod 18 CHarlemayne, ' ye be welcome / Charlemagne 

giree them a 

I praye you shewo me the cause of youre comynge.' warm welcome. 
32 * Syr/ quod Gerard, 4 1 shall shewe you / syr, 5 the grete 

1 vppon. 3 about. 8 vntil). 4 vnto. 6 omitted. 
6 next » Fol. lvii. col. 1. 8 that 9 and. 
10 knight after trew. 11 very. 12 brought and. 
13 into. 14 manner. u also. 
16-ie an 0 i(j saying & a trew. 17 alwaies. 18 king. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. lxi^ 

Ger»rd dacUrw besynes that I haue to do with x you and with 1 your 

h« bring* 

important lordes / hathe caused me to gyue these large gyfies 


that I haue gyuen 2 you & other, and, syr, I am sorow- 
ful at my hert for that 3 I must shewe you / and I had 4 
rather he beyonde the see then to shew you that thynge 
that I must neddes doo / for to hyde it / it 4 can not 
auayle me / yet I neuer shewed 5 thynge in all my lyfe 
with so yll a wyll-/ for I shall be blamed of many 8 
persones / how be it, I loue better to defende myn 
honour then I loue all the worlde besyde.' ' Gerard,' 
quod the kyng, * ye say trouth / for better it is to 6hew 
the trouthe then to be e styll, syn the mater 6 toucheth 12 
your honoured 

% How the traytoure Gerarde shewed to 
kynge Charlemayne how Huon his brother 
was retourned too Burdeux without doynge 16 
of his message to the admyrall Gaudys. 

Capitulo .lxix. 

yr,' quod Gerarde, 'true it is 4 ye haue 
made me knyght, & besyde that I 20 
am your lyege mar/, wherfore I am 
bounde to kepe your honoure to my 
power / for I am certayne I shall 
shewe you suche newes that all that 24 
Oemrd nys hu be in your court wyll be sorowfull, 8 and also 8 my selfe.' 

'Gerard/ quod Charles, ' come to y* poynt, and vse no 
more such langage nor suche serymonyes / by that I se 
in you it is but yll 9 that ye wyll saye.' ' Syr/ quod 28 
he, ' But late as I was in my house at Burdeux, and 
with me dyuers lordes and knyghtes / as we were 
deuysynge togyther, I sawe my brother Huon entre in 

1-1 your Majestie and. 1 to. 8 which. 4 that 
6 any. 6-6 silent in so great a matter which so much. 

7 Fol. lvii. col. 2. 9 much more. • euill. 

Digitized by 



to my house, and thre with hym : the one was a yonge He telle him how 

of lute he liHd 

damesell, and the other an olde man called Gerames.' Men Huon with 
When duke Naymes of Bauyer herde Gerard, he hadde damsel enter hie 
4 grete mernayle when that 1 he sayd that Gerames was Bordeaux, 
one of them / and sayd, * a, very 2 god, I here that 3 with 
grete payne I can byleue it 1 / for yf it be the same The Duke 
Gerames that I thynke it be, he and I were companyons member* Geramea 
8 togy ther at a tornay holden at Chalons in champayne, companion or hit. 
4 where as 1 he slewe by mysaduenture y* erle Salamon.' 
' Syr/ quod Gerarde, 1 1 shall shewe you as I haue 
begon / trewe it is when I sawe my brother Huon I 

12 was gretely abasshed / how be it, I dyd hym honour Gerard nj% that 
and made hym good chere, and made hym and all his brother kindly, 
company to dyne / then after dyner I reasoned with 
my brother, and demaunded of hym yf he had ben at 

16 the holy sepulture of oure lorde god / and 5 when he 
sawe that I demaunded that of hym, he was sore 
abasshed, so that he wyst not what to answere, and 
then I parceyued by his wordes that he had not ben bat he percetred 

20 there / and then, syr, after I demaunded of hym yf he fulfilled the 
nad furnysshed your message to y* ad my rail Gaudys / nSiSton'and he 
but he coulde gyue me none answere nor saye ony 
wordes that I coulde byleue / & when I sawe that I 

24 coulde fynde no trouthe in none 6 of his wordes, I toke 

hym and haue set hym in pryson, how be it / it was had therefor* 
full sore agaynst my wyll / but I consyder in my selfe prieon, 
that I muste owe to 7 your grace fay the and fidelite, 

28 and that I am your man / and that for no man lyuyng, 
though he were neuer so nere of my kyn, yet I wolde 
not be founde with ony treason. And therfore, syr, 
my brother and 1 his wyfe and his companion I haue together with hie 

J wife and hia old 

32 retayned them in my pryson. Therfore, 8 syr, it is in friend, 
you to doo here in what it shall please you best.' 
When all the prynces and lordes that were there vnder- 

1 omitted. 1 deere. 8 which. 4 Fol 1 vii. back, col. 1. 
6 but 6 any. 7 vnto. 8 wherefore. 

Digitized by 



[Ca, hex. 

stode the wordes of Gerarde, and that he had taken his 
brother Huon and set 1 hym in pryson, there were none 
The ocmitiert Du t that was 2 sorye therof, and many for the loue that 

deplore that " " 

Huon should be they 3 hadde of 3 Huon began to wepe / and demaunded 4 

now In prison. 

of Gerarde who hadde done that dede / sayenge, ' suiely 
it is done by some maner of treason. 1 

% 4 Howe the kynge coinmaunded that Huon 
sholde be sent for fro Burdeux, to the 8 
entente that he sholde dye. 

Ca. lxxx = lxx. 

All the Emperor's 

hatred of Huon 
is roused anew by 
Gerard's story, 

and he threatens 

to slay his 
sureties unless 
the knight is 
surrendered to 
him straightway. 

Pnke Naymes 
suspects the truth 
of Gerard's tale. 

Hen the Emperoure Charlemayne vnrier- 
stude Gerarde, he rose 5 on his feete 12 
sore troubled and full of yre / for by 
Gerardes wordes the auncyent hate 
A lyspleasure that the kynge hadde to 
Huon for y* deth of Chariot his sone was renewed in 16 
his hert, and sayd openly, that euery man myght here 
hym / 'lordes that be here present, before you al I 
somon them thnt were pledges for Huon in such wyse 
that yf the traytour Huon be not rendred in to my 20 
handes to do with hym my pleasure, I shal cause them 
to be hanged and drawen / and there is no man in my 
courte that he be so hardy 6 to speke or desyre the 
contrary / but I shall cause hym to dye a shamefull 24 
dethe 9 / and when he had thus sayde he satte hym 
downe agayne, and called duke Naymes to hym, & 
sayde, 4 syr duke / ye haue herde what Gerarde hathe 
sayde of his brother Huon/ ' Syr,' quod the duke, ' I 28 
haue well herd hym / but I byleue the mater be other 
wyse then he hath sayd / for there is no mm wyll saye 
the contrary but that all that Gerarde hathe sayd is 

1 had put. 2 were. *— 3 bare to. 
* Fol. Ivii. back, col. 2. * vp. 8 as. 

Digitized by 



done by fals treason / ye shall fynde it so yf the mater 
be wysely enquyred of.' ' Syr/ quod Gerarde, ' ye saye 
as it please you, but I take god to wytnesse, and my 

4 father in lawe Gybouars, and this good, notable, relygious 
abbot and his chapleyne, that all that I haue sayde is 
trewe / for I wolde not for any thynge saye *but that is 1 
iust and trewe ' / then Gybouars and the abbot and 2 his Bat Gybouars 

8 chapleyn answered & sayde how it was trewe that Gerard bu 
Gerarde had sayde. 8 ' by my fay th/ qwod 4 duke Naymes, ,poken Uie trutb ' 
'all ye foure are as 2 fals lyers & theues, & the kyng is Duke Naymes is 

J J not, however, the 

yll couwseyled yf he byleue you.' 'Naymes/ quod y* more convinced, 
12 kyng, 'I pray you how semeth it to 5 you this mater 
by twene these 4 two bretherne ? ' ' Syr/ quod y e duke, 
' it is a grete mater / he that is here before you is the *nd shows the 

Emperor how 

accuser of his broder, & hath set him in pryson, and unnatural and 

16 now he is come and accuseth hym here before you conduct \» on his 
bycause he knoweth wel he can not come hyder to ° wn " howillg ' 
defende hymselfe / I shold do a grete yll 6 dede yf I 
had a broder that were banysshed out of Fraunce, and 

10 yf he came to me for refuge, & I then to take hym and 
set him fast in pryson in myn owne house, & then 
after to go and complayne vpon hym, to the entent 
to purchase his deth. I saye there was neuer noble 

24 man wolde thynke so to do, and they that hath done 
thus are all fals traytours. all noble men ought not 
to byleue ony suche, and specyally he that wyll pur- 
chase such a dede agaynst his owne brother / I knowe 

28 well all that they haue ymagyned & doone is by fals 
treason / therfore I say accordynge to the ryght, that 
all foure are fals tray toures, & I iuge for my parte that He denounce* 

. , . _ , . Gerard as a false 

they are worthy to receyue a velaynous dethe / for traitor. 
32 they are foure false wytnesses/ When Gerarde herde 

duke Naymes, he chaunged coloure and waxed as whyte Gerard turns pale 
as snowe, repentynge in hi?7i selfe the dede that he had 

i- 1 which is not 8 omitted. 3 Fol. lviii. ool. 1. 
4 the. 6 vnto. • euill. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lxx. 

and the Duke 

with having 
■ought to become 
a peer of France. 

Haon's enreties 
are called before 
the Emperor, 

and are ordered 
to deliver up 
Huon on pain of 
their live*. 

The Duke urgee 
the Emperor to 
eend for Huon 
from Bordeaux, 

and the adviee is 


done to his broder / he cursed to hymselfe Gybouars 
in that he byleued his counsell / then 1 he answered 
duke Naymes and sayd, 'A, sir, ye do me greate 
wronge 2 to owe me youre yll wyll.' ' Gerarde ' / quod 4 
the duke, 1 it is for the ylnesse that is in you / ye that 
wolde be one of the peers of Fraunce. Certaynely of 
suche a counseller as ye be the kynge hathe lytell nede 
o£* I had rather a 4 lost one of my handes then I 8 
sholde 6 haue consented therto.' ' Duke Naymes/ quod 
the kynge, ' I wyll ye cause to come before me all suche 
as 6 were pledges for Huon at his departynge.' Then 
the duke caused them to appere before the kynges 12 
presence / of whome there were dyuers dukes and erles. 
Then kyng Charlemayn sayd / ' syrs, ye know well ye 
be pledges for Huon of Burdeux, and you knowe the 
payne that I layde on your hedos yf Huon dyd not 16 
accowplysshe my message that I gaue hym in charge / 
the which he hath not fulfylled. wherfore, without 
ye deliuer Huon in to my handes ye shal not scape, but 
that ye shall all dye.' 1 Syr/ quod duke Naymes, ' for 20 
goddes sake I requyre you beleue me at this tyme / I 
counsel you to take a good nombre of youre notable 
men and sende them to Burdeux, and let them take 
Huon out of prysow and brynge hym to you, and here 24 
what he 7 wyll saye / and yf it be trewe that Gerarde 
hath sayd, yet 8 I desyre you too haue 9 pyte on hym / 
but I byleue surely ye shall fynde the mater other wyse 
then Gerarde his brother hath sayd.' ' Naymes,' quod 28 
the kyng, 'your sayenge is reasonable. I accorde 
therto. I wyll he be sente for.' 

% Howe the Emperoure Charlemayn went 
hymselfe to Burdeux to cause Huon to be 32 

1 yet. * ill. 8 omitted. 4 haue. * once. 
6 Fol. lviii. col. 2. ' himself. * then. 9 no. 

Digitized by 

Ca, lxxxL] OF the emperor's journey to bordeaux. 241 

slayne for the grete yll wyll that he bare to 
hym. Capitulo .lxxxi. 

E haue herd here before how the good 
duke Naymes dyde so moch that kyng 
Charlemayn was content to sende for 
Huon, but the kynge was so 1 sore dys- But Charlemagne 
pleased with hym that he wolde not to punish him, 
8 abyde so longe as to sende for hym, but he made hym LrisitBorieaux 
selfe redy to go thyther him self e 8 with all his trayne, hhDaeUt 
and commaunded that the pledge* shold be set in 
pryson tyll his returne; but y* good duke Naymes and Duke Naym« 
12 became pledge 8 for them all to be forth comynge, and hoidSrawif 0 
800 they went not to pryson / the kynge made hym £2iea? rt,,§ 
redy and toke with him twelue of his peeres, & so toke The Emperor sets 
the waye towardes Burdeux / god ayde Huon, for he peers. 
16 was 4 in peryll of his lyfe yf god haue no 6 pyte on him / 
thus, as I haue shewed you, kyng Charlemayn nobly 
accompanyed rode so longe by his iourneyes that he 
came wiViin the syght of Burdeux / 6 when he aproched 
20 nere to y* cyte Gerarde came to y # kynge, and sayd / 

' 8tr, yf it please you I wolde gladly ryde before you in o««rd rides with 

him and offers to 

to the cyte to ordeyn to receyue you accordyngly. advance to 
' Gerarde,' quod the kynge, * it is no nede that ye goo ieoeptiontbut* 

24 before to prepare for my comynge, there be other that htol2vw!u» bida 
shal go before / ye shal not go tyll I go myselfe' / Wm * 
when duke Naymes her4 the kynges answers he sayd 
to the kynge / ' Syr, ye haue answered lyke a noble 

28 prynce, blyssed be he that counselled you so to saye ' / 
thus the kynge rode forth without gyuyng ony know- 
lege of his cominge / and so entred in to the cyte 
of Burdeux and rode to the palays, & there alyghted / The Emperor 

32 then the 1 dyner was made redy / 6 the kyng sate downe 
and duke Naymes by hym, & at other bourdes other 

1 omitted. * in person. 3 Fol. Iviii. back, col. 1. 
4 now. 6 not. fl and. 


Digitized by 



[Ca. lxxxi 

Hnon in his 
prison learns from 
the gaoler of 

The town of 
Bordeaux Is 
greatly excited 
by the visit of 
the Emperor, 
who makes good 
cheer in the 

Duke Naymes 
grows angry at 

who, having come 
to judge one of 
his peers, sits 
drinking wine 
and banqueting. 

lordes and knyghtes, and there they were rychely 
serued ; grete brute was made in the palayes, so that 
Huon, beynge in pryson, had grete nieruayle of the 
noyse tliat he herde, and demaunded of y* gayler what 4 
noyse it was that he herde aboue in the palays / the 
gayler answered fyersly 1 with grete pryde and dyspyte, 
and sayd, ' it nede not you to demaunde / for ye are 
lyke to knowe it to soone / but syn ye wolde knowe it, 8 

1 shall shewe you y* trouthe / it is kynge Charlemayne 
and all his barons, who are come hyther for 1 to iuge 
you to be hanged.' 1 Go thy way, fals traytoure/ quod 
Huon / 'canst thou not shewe to me none other 12 
tydynges but that 1 ' Thus Huon answered the gayler / 

2 there was as grete brute in the cyte as was 1 in the 
palays 8 with lodgynge of the kynges men. The comons 
and burgesses of y e cyte of Burdeux hadde full grete 16 
meruayle why the kynge came thyder at that tyme so 
sodeynely / 2 the kynge syttyng at the table made good 
chere / but duke Naymes who satte by hym began to 
wepe, and coude nother ete nor drinke ; he rose vp then 20 
sodeynly / so rudely that he ouerthrewe cuppes, and 
dysshes upon the table. ' Naymes/ quod the kyng, ' ye 
haue done yll thus to do.' • Syr/ quod the 1 duke Naymes, 

1 1 haue good cause thus to doo, and I haue wonders 24 
grete meruayle that I se you so dotyd. I am in suche 
sorowe ther by that I am nere hande out of my wyttes. 
howe is it that ye be come in to the cyte of Burdeux for 
to ete and to drynke, and too take youre ease 1 ye nede 28 
not to haue gone out of Fraunce for that / for ye hadde 
mete and also good wynes suffycyent at home in youre 
owne house. A, ryghte noble and worthy Emperoure, 
what thynke 4 you too do 1 / it is no small mater to iuge 32 
to deth one of your twelue peers / and it is not possyble 
to gyue ony trewe Iugemente when you and we are full 

1 omitted. 

* and. 8 Fol. Mil. back, col. 2. 
4 meane. 

Digitized by 


of wyne and spyces. But, syr,' sayd the duke, ' by the 
lord that me fourmed, that who so euer this daye doth 
ete or drynke wyne / as longe as the lyfe is in my 
4 body I shall neuer loue him.' ' Naymes/ quod the 
kynge, 'I am contente with your wyll/ Then the 
kynge commaunded that the tables sholde be avoyded / 
and commaunded incontynent Huon to be taken out of The Emperor 

_ orders Huon to be 

8 pryson and brought before hym / they that had brought before 
commyssyon to do it wente to the pryson / and theyr 
they toke out Huon and his wyfe Esclaramonde and y el 
olde Gerames; 2 they were all thre brought before the and he with 

mi , ,_ Esclaramonde and 

12 kyng and his barons. x when they came 1 / Huon sawe Gerames comes 
where the kyng Charlemayn sate amonge all his lordes / ° pre * en °** 
2 they 8 arose when they sawe Huon and his company, 
pale & yll coloured by 4 reason of y e yll 5 prison that his 

16 brother had put them in / c Esclaramond was gretly 
regarded, & the olde Gerames 6 / when the pledges sawe 
Huon before the kynge, they sayd / ' syr, now ye may At the tight of 
so Huon, for whom we be pledges / we trust now to be 

20 quyt & dyscharged ; it lyeth now in you to do with 

him at your pleasure ' / * syrs/ quod the kyng, • I hold the king die- 

~~ charges his 

you quyt; ye may go fro hens forth where 7 ye lyst 7 / sureties, 
for Huon can not now scape our handes ' / then Huon 

24 kneled downe before the kyng right humbly / 2 when 
duke Naymes sawe hym, the droppes fell 8 out of 8 his 
eyen, and sayde to the kyng, 'Syr, I requyre you 
gyue Huon audyence, and here what he wyl say 9 / ' I 

28 am content,' quod the kynge ; ' let hym say what he and bids him 

" speak. 

wyll ' / then Huon, knelyng on his knees, sayd, ' Syr, 
in the honoure of our lorde Jesu eryste I 9 crye you 1 
mercy to god, and to you, and to all your barons. 
32 I complayne me of the fals traytour that I se there, 

i-i omitted. 2 and. 8 all. * Fol. lix. col. 1. 
8 noysome. 

and Eaclaramond k old Gerames were greatly re- 
garded and, 

T— 7 you please. 8-8 from. 9 first. 

R 2 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lxxxi. 

brother of 


The lords of the 
court pity Huon, 

who looks pal* 
and thin. 

Huon proceed! to 
tell Charlemagne 
all his adventures 
at Babylon, 

how Oberon 
protected him; 

who was my brother, yf ther had hen other fayth or 
trouth in hym / but I beleue in al the world can not be 
founde so cruell & fals a traytour / for Cayme that slew 
Abel his broder / was neuer so fals nor so cruell ' / 4 
when all the lordes herd Huon, they all began to wepe, 
sayenge eche to other, ' a, good lord, where is the beaute 
be come that was wonte to be in Huon 1 we haue sene 
hym so fayre that none 1 coulde passe hym in beaute / 8 
and nowe we se hym pale and lene and yll coloured ; it 
appereth well he hathe not ben all wayes in the ladyes 
chambres / nor amonge damselles to sporte and to 
playe* him* / thus they deuysed of him, and toke no 12 
hede of Gerarde, who was by them. Then Huon spake 
agayne, and sayd to the kynge, « Syr, trewe it is, the 
message that ye gaue me in charge too doo to 8 the 
Admyrall Gaudy s, I haue done it 4 at length, 4 as ye 16 
haue commaunded 6 me / and I haue passed the see and 
came to 3 Baby lone to the Admyrall Gaudys / and ther 
I requyred of hym in the presence of all his lordes to 
haue his berde and .iiii. grete teth. But when he had 20 
herde my demaunde he helde it for a grete folye, & so 
incontynente he caste me in pryson, where as I had 
dyed 6 for rage of 8 famine / and 7 the Admyralles dough- 
ter hadde, not ben whom ye maye se yonder syttynge 24 
by the pyller / and also by the ayde of the good kynge 
Oberon / whom I ought gretely to loue / he is a kynge 
of the fayry ryght pusant / and is in the cyte of 
Mommure / and he, knowynge of the peryll that I was 28 
in, had pyte of me / and 8 soo he 8 came and socoured 
me in suche wyse, & with so grete a pusaunce / that in 
Babylone he slewe all suche as wolde not byleue in 
our lorde Jesu cryste. Then he toke me out of pryson / 32 
and so 9 we entred in to the palays, and there we slewe 

1 no one. * with. s vnto. 

*-* to the verie vttermosi 6 Fol. lix. col. 2. 

* if. »-« omitted. 9 then. 


Digitized by 


Ca. lxxxi.J op huon's piteous speech. 

all suche as we founde there. Then I wente to the 
Admyral Gaudys and strake of his heed / and then I how Gaudiiee m 
cut of his berde and opened his mouthe / and drewe 
4 out foure of his grete teth / 1 when I hadde theym / then 
I desyred kynge Oberon to ayde me to fynde the 
meanes that I myght brynge surely the berde and teth 
to your presence / and to she we me where as 2 I myghte 
8 beste kepe them. Then the good kynge Oberon, by 
the grace of oure lorde god and by the puysaunce that 
god hadde gyuen vnto hym, he closed theym within 
the syde of Gerames / soo that they coulde not be 

12 perceyued. 1 Syr, knowe for trouthe ye neuer horde 
spekynge 2 of suche a man / and 8 when that 2 I sawe 
that I hadde furnysshed your message, I retourned and 
toke with me the fayre lady Esclaramonde, doughter to 

16 the fore sayde Admyrall Gaudys / and the twelue 
gentylmen that went with me out of Fraunce / who all 
wayes hath ben with me. And, syr, yf I sholde shewe 
you the gret paynes and pouertes that I & they haue 

20 suffred, it sholde be to longe to 4 reherse/but I may well 
saye, & 6 the grace of god had not ben I had neuer 
come hyther agayne ; yf I had -had ,x. lyues I coude 
6 not a 6 scaped the deth. & 7 after all these paynes & 

24 trauayles that I and they that were with me suffred, by 
the grace of god we came & aryued at Rome, where as 
•the holy father 8 y* pope receyued me with grete ioye, 
& ther wedded me to Esclaramonde, the Admyralles how at Rome he 

28 doughter, whom ye maye se yonder all desolate and Admiral's fair 
full of dyspleasures, & not without cause ' / whew the daught6r# 
barons that were there herd the py teous complayntes au who hear the 
of Huow, euery man of pite behelde y c lady, who, pale {^weep. 1 * 1 * b * gln 

32 & yll coloured, sate sore wepynge / so that such as 
regarded her were constrayned to take parte of her 
sorowe / there was no man but they began sore to 

1 and. 2 omitted. 3 Now. 4 Fol. lix. back, col. 1. 
6 j£ «-« Deuer haue. 7 Next. 8 — 8 omitted. 



[Ca. lxxxi. 

wepe / & Huon, who was before the kynge, was 
sorowfull to se his wyfe make so grete doloure. Then 
Huon assert* that he sayd *a hye to 1 the kynge / ' syr, yf ye wyll not by- 
truth, leue my sayeng, sende to Rome to y* pope to knowe the 4 
trouthe / yf ye proue my wordes contrary I submit my 
selfe to receyue suche dethe that 2 ye & youre barons can 
deuyse, yf the pope do not here wytnesse of that I 
haue sayd / god forbed that I sholde shew you ony 8 
thyng other wyse then trouth / I haue sayd nothynge 
but he shal shew tokens that my sayenge is trewe / and 
I can saye more yf I wolde shewe all / but it is not 
nedefull that I sholde make a longe sermonde. But, 12 
syr, thus as T haue shewed you I dyd retourne fro the 
place that ye sent me vnto 8 / and, syr, knowe for trouth 
I cam not so vnprouyded / but that I broughte with me 
grete plente of golde & syluer / and my company came 16 
hole 4 with me, and I 6 was in purpose 6 not to reste in 
ony place tyll I hadde spoken with youre grace / for the 
and tent of hto grete desyre that I had to se you / and so longe 6 I rode 

fortunes sinos ho 

arrived in Franca, tyll I came too an abbey here 7 by a foure legges hense, 20 
called Saynt 8 Maurys, because the abbey is 9 of youre 
foundacyon, and not partaynynge to the lande of 
Burdeux / for I wolde not haue entred in to this 
towne bycause of the commaundement that ye gaue 24 
me / thus I came & lodged me in the abbey / and 
the abbot receyued me with grete ioye / and he sent 
worde of my beynge there to my brother Gerarde / and 
the traytoure came too me lyke a false traytoure / & 28 
brought with hym but one squyer / wherby now I 
maye perceyue that in hym was nothynge but falsenesse 
and treason' / 'Huon/ quod Duke Naymes, 'your 
reason is good, for yf he had ben trewe as he ought to 32 
haue ben / he ought to assemble the barons and lordes 

M unto. 2 as. 3 to. 4 all. *-* purposed. 
• along. 7 hard. 8 Fol. lix. back, col. 2. 
• was. 

Digitized by 

Ca. lxxxi.] of Gerard's evil plot. 


of the countre, & so to haue come with them to 1 haue 
receyued you with reuerence and honoured ' Syr/ quod 
Huon, ' it is trewe / but the traytoure dyd other wyse / 
4 for when he was come to me. by grate subtylte he Huon recount* 

Gerard's evil plot. 

demaunded how I had sped in my iourney, and 
whyther I hadde spoken with the Admyrall Gaudys or 
not, and declared to hiwi your message, and yf I had 
8 broughte with me his berde and foure grete teeth ; and 
I shewed hym I hadde accomplysshed your hole com- 
maundement / then the vnhappy traytoure demaunded 
where I kept them, and I shewed hym, for I had no 

12 mystruste in hym / then he soo exorted me that at the 
houre of mydnyghte he made me to aryse hastely, and 
made me and al my company redy, and so lepte on 
oure horses and rode forth oure waye ; and when we 

16 came too a crosse way, and sawe that I toke the way 
into Fraunce, he began to speke rygoryously to haue 
occacyon of some stryfe betwene vs; and nere therto 
there was a lytell wode, where as there laye in a 

20 busshement Gybouars, and in his company ,lx. men of 
armes clene 2 armed / & they came & ran at me ; my & 8 
company 4 were vnarmed, 6 wherby they founde in vs 
but small resytence / and so fynally the .xii. ientylmen 

24 that were with me were all slayne & all to hewen, & 
then they toke theyr deed bodyes & dyde cast them in 
to the ryuer of Gerounde / then they strake me to the 
erth, & bounde fast my fete and handes and blynd felde 

28 myn eyen, and in lyke wyse they dyd to my wyfe / and 
then they came to Gerames / & the traytoure my 
brother came to hym, and with a sharpe knyfe opened 
his syde / and there he toke out the berde / and .iiii. 

32 gret teth of the Admyralles Gaudys / the whiche were 
set there by kynge Oberon ; the false traytour knewe 
y* place where as they lay by reason that I had shewed 

1 and. * well. 5 and my. 4 that 
* Fol. lx. col. 1. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lxxxi. 

Geramee ihowa 
the wound that 
Gerard made In 
hie tide. 

Haon challenges 
Gerard and 
Gybouan to 
mortal combat. 

Gerard denies the 
truth of Haon's 

him therof before / wolde to god tliat y* same tyme 
that he cam to Gerames to do that cruel dede that 
Gerames had ben armed / I am sure then the false 1 
traytoure durst not a 2 regarded him to haue done hym 4 
any 3 euyll / but, syr, when he had taken out y e berde 
and teth / then he bounde Gerames handes and fete, 
hurte as he was / as, syr, ye may knowe the trouthe by 
hym ' / then Gerames stept forth & lyfte vp his cloke, 8 
& shewed y 6 kyng y e wounde in hys syde, y e which 
euery man myght se 8 was there / 's/r,' quod Huon to 
the kynge / ' when he had done all this / he set vs on 
iiL lene horses, & so brought vs in to this towne, 12 
bounde handes and fete, and then set vs in a depe 
pryson / & so hath kept vs hyder vnto 4 with brede and 
water / and 5 hath taken fro vs all the ryches that 
we brought vriih vs / and, sir, yf lie be so hardy to say 16 
the contrary, that it is not true that I haue sayd / let 
hym & Gybouars, lyke traytoura as they be, arme 
them,* and I shall fyght agaynst them bothe / and yf I 
may 7 conquer them bothe, wherof I haue no doute with 20 
the ayde of our lord god / then let them haue as they 
haue deserued / & yf I can not ouer come them nor to 1 
make them to shewe the trouthe / I wyll that then 
incontynente ye 8 cause me to be draw en & hanged.' 24 
' By my fayth,' qnod duke Naymes, 4 syr / Huon can 
saye nor offre no more / for he offereth to prone y* 
contrary of that Gerarde hath sayd* / 'syr/ quod 
Gerard, ' my brother sayth at his pleasure, bycause he 28 
knoweth well that I will not stryue agaynst hym / 
bycause he is myne elder brother / let the kynge do as 
it shall please hym / as for me, I neuer consented to do 
so cruell a dede as he layeth to my charge.' ' A, good 32 
lorde,' quod duke Naymes / * howe the fals traytour can 
cloke & couer his ylnes ! ' 4 Huon,' quod Charlemayn, 

1 omitted. * haue. 3 that. 4 hetherto. 6 bo. 
6 selues. 7 can. 8 Fol. lx. col. 2. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxxxi.] HOW the emperor's wrath is unappeased. 


' I can not tell what ye haue done / but I wyli ye 
shewe me the berde and .iiii. grete teeth of the 
Admyrall Gaudys' / 'syr,' quod Huon, 'I crye you 
4 mercy, I haue shewed you howe they be taken fro me 
by the false traytoure my brother Gerarde ' / ' Huon,' 
quod the kyug, ' ye knowe wel at your departure out Charlemagne in 
of Fraunce I defended 1 you on 2 payn of your lyfe, that of the beard °" i 
8 yf by aduen[tu]re ye returned agayne in to Fraunce, that * nd tMh * 
ye sholde not be so hardy 8 to enter in to this cyte of 
Burdeux tyl 4 ye had spoken with me fyrst, & to kepe 
me promis ye deliuered 5 me hostages, y e which I haue 

12 quyt syn 6 I haue you in my handes. it lyeth now in me 
other to hange you or to drawe you / or to gyue too 7 
you ony other iugemente / for at youre departure ye 
were agreed that I shold so do / but by y' fayth that I 

16 owe to 7 saynt Denys, or 8 it be nyght I shall cause the threatens to slay 
to be hanged and drawen, and that shall I not let so to 
do for ony man lyuynge / for now I take you in youre 
owne house.' * Syr/ quod Huon, ' god forbed that a 

20 kynge of Fraunce sholde do so grete a cruelte. Syr, 9 I 

crye you mercy / for goddes sake doo not to me so Huon begs for 
grete an outrage / for, syr, 10 ye maye knowe ryght well m6KT * 
that parforce I was broughte hyther. And therfore, 

24 syr 11 kynge, I requyre you let me haue ryghtfull and 
trewe iugement.' 'By my fayth, Huow,' qiwd duke 
Naymes, 12 ' it is but a small request that ye make / for Naymes nupporu 
your ryght is so clere that yf reason maye be shewed to appea, » 

28 you, there is no man can say the contrary / but that 
your landes oughte to be rendred to 7 you franke and fre, 
& your brother Gerarde to be hanged and strangled ' / 
then the duke sayde to the kynge / ' syr, 9 I requyre you 

32 haue pyte of Huon, and doo nothynge to hym but 
ryght / and, sir, 10 ye shall do grete synne without 

1 charged. 2 vppon. 3 as. * vntill. 6 to. 
6 seeing. 7 vuto. 8 before. 9 my Lord. 
10 omitted. 11 great 12 Fol. lx. back, col. I. 



[Ca, lxxxL 

ye do hym ryght ' / ' Naymes/ quod the kynge, 1 you 
knowe well it is in me to cause Huon to dye / but 
and the king syn 1 that he is one of my peers I wyll ordre hym by 

promises him a 

trial. iugenient.' When the lordes and other knyghtes herde 4 

the kynge saye so they were ryght ioyful / for then 
they byleued that the kyng sholdo 2 haue pyte of Huon / 
but who so euer was ioyful / yet duke Naymes was not 

Nnymee protetta cowtente, and sayde to the kynge / ' syr, 8 by that I se 8 

against the 

Emperor's and here ye here Huon but small loue, seynge that ye 
Huon. wyll put hym to iugement, consyderyng his dedes and 

saynges to be true ; and namely, where as he offereth 
to proue it by the holy father the pope* / then Huon 12 
withdrewe backe & lened hym to a pyller therby. 
Then the kyng called to 4 hym all his peeres and lordes, 
The king bids his & sayd, ' syrs, I requyre you, by the fayth and trouthe 
an impartial trial, and homage that ye bere to 4 me / tJiat for me nor for 16 
myne amyte that ye ayde not Huon agaynst me / nor 
say 5 nor do no falshode / but the moost ryghtfull 
iugement that ye can make do / 1 charge you gyue trew 
iugement without ony fauoure or parsealyto ' / When 20 
the lordes herde the kynge saye so to 4 them, and that he 
coniured them so sore to do ryght / and iustyce / well 
they perceyued that the kynge had grete hate to 4 Huon / 
and that y e deth of his sone Chariot was not forgo ten 24 
out of his mynde / then they all togyther drewe a 
parte in to a chambre ryght penseue and mornynge / 
then 6 they satte downe on benches and beheld eche 
other without 7 spekynge of ony worde a longe space / 28 
when duke Naymes sawe that, he rose vpon his fete and 
Naymes entreats sayd / ' syrs, ye haue herde how the kynge hath charged 
tite king's hatred vs to saye the trouthe ; we may parceyue well by hym 
judgment. that he bereth grete hate to 4 Huon, who is one of our 32 
companyon8 / and therfore, syrs, I requyre you that euery 
man by hym selfe wyll saye his aduyse as he thynketh.' 

1 seeing. 2 would. 3 my Lord. 4 vnto. 6 lay. 
6 and. 7 Fol. lx. back, col. 2. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxxxi a.] 



How the .xii. peers drewe to coiwseyle to 
gyue sentence vpon Huon, other with hym 
or agaynst hym. Capitulo .lxxxi. 



of Ganelon ; he 1 was one of the peers 
of frauwce / then he sayd / 'syrs, as 
for me, I say, seynge the case as it is, 

that Huon by ryght lugement ought addresses the 

-in., , onu peers in farour of 

to be hanged & drawera, for as ye know 2 well the Huon's death, 
kynge hath fou?ide hym in the cyte of Burdeux / ther- 

12 fore I say that the kynge may, without doynge any 
synne, put hym to deth / and, syre, yf ye thynke that 
I haue sayd good reason / agree ye than to y* same, 
and lette Gerarde his brother be lorde and mayster of 

16 all the londys and sygnyoryes that sholde partayne to 3 
Huon / I consent & wyll, as myche as toucheth my 
parte, that Gerarde be one of the peeres of Fraunce in 
y 6 place of Huon his brother ' / 4 whan Gaulter had endyd 

20 his reason, Harry 6 of seynt Omers spake, and sayd, 
'Syr Gaulter, goo & syt downe / your wordes can 
bere none effect, for they be of no valure. But, 
syrs,' quod he, 'shortly to speke and ryghtwysly to 

24 iuge, I say that it is reason that Huon be restoryd to 

all his londes, for his dede is well proued, & by good Harry of saint 

Omen declares 

wytnes, as our holy father the pope / for we may beleue that Huon is 


surely that Gerarde his brother, that thus hath betrayed 
28 hym, hath done it by false couetys 6 / therfore I say 

and iuee that Gerarde be drawen at horse taylles, and and that Gerard 

° deserrestobe 

than hangyd tyll 7 he be deed.' Than he sayd no more / drawn at horses' 

tai ls. 

but sat downe agayne. 

1 who. * Fol. lxi. col. 1. 8 vnto. * and. 
6 Henry. 6 couetousness. 

* yntill. 


huon of bubdeux, [Ca. lxxxii. 

The Earl of 
Flanders urges 
that the two 
brothers should 
be reconciled to 

and the king 
should be prayed 
to spare both 
their Uvea. 

The Earl of 
Chalons propose* 
that the peers 
•hall follow the 
advice of Duke 

Han Harry 1 of seiwt Omers had sayd his 
reason / y* erle of Flaunders rose vp, 
and sayd to Harry, 1 ' all that ye haue 
sayd I wyll not consent therto / but I 4 
shall shewe you myne aduyse what 
ought to be done. Syrs, ye al know well the worlde, 
the which as now is lytell worth, for now a dayes can 
not be founde* trew frendes as were wont to be ; ye 8 
may well se by these two bretherne / the stryfe that is 
betwene them is foule and dyshonest; we sholde do 
well yf we coude fynde the meanes by any maner of 
wayes to apeace them / and therfore I counsell, lette vs 1 2 
all togyther go to the kinge, and desyre hym to haue 
mercy and potye of bothe these tuo brethern, & that 
it myght 8 please hym to apeace them, and render to 
Huon all his londes / and yf we coude briwg it to this 16 
poynt, it sholde be a good dede as to accorde them 

Howe the peeres layde all 4 the dede to gyue 
the iugement vpon duke Nayraes.* But for 20 
all that euer he coude say or doo, the kynge 
iuged Huon to dye. Capitulo .lxxxii. 

•Fter that the erle of Flaunders had 
sj» ken, the erle of Chalons rose vp 24 
and sayd, <5 Syre erle 6 of Flaunders, 
your reason is good, and ye haue 
spoken lyke a noble man / but I 
know surely that the kyng wyll do 28 
no thynge at our desyres. But, syrs, yf ye thynke it 
good, let vs all put the hole mater vpon duke Naymes 
of Bauyer /& all that he wyll say let vs agree therto ' / 
than all the lordes accordyd togyther, & sayd how the 32 

1 Henry. * such. 3 Fol. lxi. col. 2. 

4-4 vppon Duke Naymes to giue the iudgement vpon him : 
6 - 6 My Lord. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxxxil] how esclaramonde laments huon's sad fate. 253 

erle Chalons had sayd 1 wel. Than they came to the 2 
duke Naynies, and desyryd hym that he wolde take 
the charge of that mater on 3 hym, and what so euer he 
4 dyd they were al agreed therto / whan the duke herd 
them he stode styll a certen space, & began to studye 
on the mater, and tooke all the .x. peeres to counsell 
with hym. And whan y e fay re Esclaramonde saw 
8 Huon her housebonde in that daunger among them 
with whom he shold haue been in ioy, than she began 
sore to wepe, and sayd, 'A, Huon, I se here great EscUmmonde 
pouerte, whan in the same proper towne where as ye sad &te, 

12 ought to be lorde to be in this daunger, and besyde 
that ye are not beleued nor herde of any man that is 
here, for any profe or wytnes that ye can say or shew / 
kynge Charlemayne wyll not beleue that ye haue ben 

16 in the cyte of Baby*lone, and yet surely there ye haue 
ben / for I saw you there slee my father the admyrall 
Gaudys, and toke his berd, and drewe out of his mouth 
.iiii. of his greatest teth / gret petye it shalbe yf ye 

20 sholde dye for jour trough and faythfulnes / 6 the thynge 
that most fereth me is that I se none that be here 
lykely to be a noble man, namely, 6 the kynge, who is 
chefe of all other ; 7 me thynke he is full of falshede / 

24 for I se none other but he 8 purchaseth for 8 your deth. 
But I promyse to god that yf he suffer you to haue this 
wronge, and thus to dye, I saye than as for my parte 
that Mahounde is better worth than your 9 god Iesu and reproaches 

Chriit with 

28 Cryst 9 / and yf it be soo that ye receyue deth without 10 permitting 


cause, I shall 11 newer more beleue in 12 Jesu Cryst 12 / but 

renounce his law, and beleue in Mahounde.' There were 

many lordes and knyghtes that herd the ladyes wordes / 

32 wherof they had suche petye that the moost part of them 

began to wepe. And whan Huon herde hys wyfe he 

1 right * omitted. 3 vppon. 4 Fol. lxi back, col. 1. 
6 but. 6 except 7 and yet 8 ~ 8 that seeks, 
king Charlemaine. 10 a. 11 will. 
**— 12 your king. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. lxxxiL 

Huon beg* her to tournyd 1 h is f ace to her warde, 1 and sayd, ' Lady, I desyie 

have patienoe. 

you to leue your sorow and trust in god almyghty, who 
so often tymes hath socouryd vs. ye know not what he 
wyll do ; let vs be content with his good pleasure.' Thus 4 
with suche wordes Huon apeaced the fayre Esclara- 
monde. And duke Naymes, who was in counsell with 
the other peeres, sayd to them, ' Syrs, I haue grete 
sorow at my hert by cause of these two bre theme, so 8 
Dnke Nayme« that I can not tell what Counsell to fynde. I desyre 

hesitates to give 

the peen counsel, you all that in this weyghty mater to counsell me & 
shew me your opynyons therm.' ' Syr,' quod the lordes, 
' other counsell ye shall not haue of vs, for we haue layde 1 2 
al y e mater vpon you to do therin what it shall please 
you.' 'Syres,' quod the duke / 'to dyssymell the 
matter vayleth not, 2 syn 8 that Huon must passe by 
iugement ; ho we saye you, shall he be hangyd or drawenV 1 6 
1 Syr,' quod Gaulter, who was y* fyrst 4 speker / ' me 
bntheindig. thynke he can scape none other wyse.' 'A, traytour,' 
GMuui?proposai quod the duke, * thou lyest falsly, for it shall not 
tepuf to deatt! 1 * 1 folow after thy counsell, whether thou wylt or not ; 20 
there is no man this day that shalbe so hardye 5 to iuge 
hym to dye / therf ore, syrs, yet shew me agayne y f • ye 
wyll all agree to my counselL' ' Syr,' quod they, ' we 
haue layde the charge on you, the whiche we wyll all 24 
byde by' / but who so euer was glade, Gaulter was 
sorowful and angrye / for he wold haue consentyd to 
the deth of Huon. Than all the barons, ryght sad and 
pensyue, went out of the counsell chambre, and they 28 
The peen, coude fy nde no maner of wayes howe to saue Huon, 
Boon's il*. but they all prayed to god to ayde & socoure hym. 

And Huon seynge the barons comyng so sadly togyther, 
thought that the mater was not at a good poynt, wherby 32 
he began sore to wepe / whan Esclaramond and Gerames 
saw the sorowe tliat Huon made, they had gret petye 

1-1 toward her. ' but. 3 since. 
4 Fol. lxi. back, col. 2. 6 as. 6 whether. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxxxii.] how the duke naymes seeks justice. 


therof. Than Huon belielde duke Naymes, for lie knew 
well al the mater lay in his handes / he feeryd greatly 
the iugement that sholde be made vpon hym / & sayd, 
4 ' a, very god & man, as I beleue veryly that thou Huon prays for 
dydyst dye on the holy crosae to redeme vs all, & that * afetT " 
on the thyrd day thou dyddyst ryse fro deth to lyfe, 
I requyre the humbly in this grete nede to socoure me, 
8 as treuly as I am in the ryght, for more wrong can 1 no 
man haue.' Than y e duke Naymes of Bauyer cam to 
y* kinge, & said / ' s/r, wyll it please you to here what 
we haue deuysyd 1 ' ' Ye/ quod the kinge, ' I desyre 
12 no thynge elies to know* / 'well, s/r,' quod the duke, 

' than I demaunde of you in what place of your regyon Naymea a»ks 

,ii o 7 . i i o a « „ „ Chariot where he 

thynke you * that ye ought 2 too mge of the peeres of thinks the peers 
Fraunce]' 'Naymes,' qwod y e kynge, ' I know well ye be brought fo" ld 
16 be a noble man, & all tliat ye say is to delyuer Huon Mal ' 

of Burdeux / but I wyll ye know all shall not profyt The king declares 

that Huon ihall 

hym.' Than y* duke sayd, ' str, to say so ye do grete die. 
wronge. Therfore, sir, regarde well in what 3 place ye 
20 wyll haue one of your peeres iugyd. yf ye know not 
where it ought to be done, I shall 4 shew you in your 
realme there are but thre places to do it in. The fyrst Naymes shows 

that there are 

is the towne of Seynt Omers / the .ii. is Orleaunce, & only three towns 
24 y e thyrd is Parys / & therfore, sir, yf ye wyll procede be tried* 6 ™ C * 1 
vpon Huon by iustyce, it is conuenyent that it be done 
in one of these thre places, for here in this towne he 
can not be iugyd.' ' Naymes,' quod y* kynge, ' I vnder- 
28 stonde well why ye saye this ; I well se & perceyue that Charlemagne 

reproaches the 

ye entende to none other ende but to delyuer 5 quyt Duke with 

attempting to 

Huon. I had thought to haue entretyd hym by the acquit noon, 
ordre of iustice / to thentent that none of you sholde 
32 haue reprouyd me, therfor I ordeynd that he sholde 
haue ben iugyd by you that be the peeres of Fraunce / 
& I se well ye haue done no thynge therin, & therfore 

1 can after man. omitted. 8 Fol. lxii. col. 1. 

4 will. 6 and. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lxxxii. 

the Emperor's 

Very piteous is 

Oerames also 
weeps sorely. 

as longe as ye lyue ye shall medell no more wt'U that 
mater / but by the berde that I here on my chyn, I 
shall neuer dyne nor ete no mete after this dyner tyll I 
se hym hangyd and drawen / for all your berynge of 4 
hym agaynst me.' Than he commaundyd y e tabelles to 
be set vp / 1 whan Gerard vnderstode the kynge he was 
ioyfull ther of in his herte / but he made no semblaunt 
of ioy by cause of the lordes that were there present / 8 
whan Huon & Esclaramonde herd how y e kynge had 
sworne the deth of Huon, The doloures wepynges & 
teeres that they made were so extreme that herd it 
were to declare it / & Esclaramond sayde to Huon, 12 
4 A, 8yr, now I se well / that grete pyte it shalbe the 
departynge of vs two / but yf I had a knyfe I wold 
not abyde your deth / but fyrst I sholde slee my selfe 
before this false and vntrow kynge* / her compleyntes 16 
were so petufull that moost part of the lordes wept for 
pyte / and the olde Gerames sore wept, & sayd, 'A, 
good lord god, in what houre was I born ! in grete 
doloure & payne I haue vsyd 2 my youth / & now in 20 
myn age thus shamfully 8 to dye.' Thus all .iii. made 
suche sorow that it wolde haue made a hard herte to 
lament. A1J .iii. thought none otherwyse but to dye, 
by cause they had herde kinge Charlemayne make 24 
suche promyse / but that 4 god wyi ayde 6 no man can 
lette, 6 for yf 6 god saue the good kinge Oberon, 7 kynge 
Charlemayne shalbe foreworne, as ye shall here 8 after. 
Nowe let vs leue spekynge of these 9 pyteous company, 28 
& speke of the noble kinge Oberon of y e fayrye, who as 
than was in his woode. 

% How kynge Oberon cam to socoure Huon, 
& made Gerarde to .coafesse all the treason 32 

1 and. * continued. 3 Fol. lxii. col. 2. 4 which. 
6 saue. and. 7 for. 8 here. 9 this. 

Ca. lxxxiii.] how obbron has pity for huon. 

that he had purchasyd agaynst Huon his 
brother. Capitulo .lxxxiii. 


E haue herd before how kinge Oberon 
was displeased with Huon by cause he 
had broken his cowimauwdement. But 
whan Huon had ben at Kome, and 
confessyd of all his synnes, & 1 assoylled 

Oberon had taken 
Hnon again into 
hie fa our after 
he had been 

8 of y* pope. Than king Oberon was content, & in his confeaaed by the 
herte forgaue all the yll wyll that he had to Huon / & Pop * 
as he sat at diner, he began to wepe / whan his seruante* W( *v* 0T8T 

° r ' hit misfortunes 

sawe that, they had grete meruayie, & sayd to 2 hym / in France. 

1 2 * si>, we desyre you to shew vs why ye do wepe & be 
so troubled ; there is sum dyspleasure done to 2 you / sir, 8 
for the loue of our lorde Jesu Cryst, we desyre you 
hyde it not fro us.' 4 Syrs,' quod the kynge, 'I 

16 remembre now the vnhappy Huon of Burdeux, who is 
retournyd fro y* farre partes, & he hathe passyd by 
Home, & there hath taken his wyfe in maryage, & is 
confessyd of all his synnes, for the whiche synnes he 

20 hath ben by ine sore punyshyd. 

• But it is tyme, yf euer I wyll do hym any good, 
now to ayda hym, & to socoure hym agaynst kynge 
Charlemayne / for he hathe 4 sworne neuer to go to bed 

24 tyll 6 he haue hangyd & drawen the poore Huon / but 
by the grace of our lorde god, Charlemayn shalbe for- 
sworne, for at this tyme I shall socoure & ayde hym / He declares be 
for he is as now in such a daunger, without he be hUeS,** ° n< " k 

28 socouryd incontynent, deth is nere hym / he was neuer 
in his lyfe in suche perell / he is now in the palays at 
Burdeux, & hys wyfe the fayre Esclaramonde, & the 
olde Gerames, with feters on ther fete, beynge in grete 

32 sorow / & kinge Charemain is set at dyner, & hath 
made his oth to hang 6 Huon / but yet whether he wyll 

1 was. 1 vnto. 8 therefore. 4 Fol. lxii. back, ooL 1. 

* vntill. 

6 haue. 



Digitized by 



[Ca. lxxxiii. 

and he wishes 

with the table at 
which he is 

and his horn, cap, 
and armour, 

and a hundred 
thousand men, 
transported to 

His desire Is at 

believes that 
Nay mea has 

Huon how 
Oberon is come to 
aid him. 

The city is Ailed 
with Oberon and 
his armed men, 

or not he shalbe periuryd / for I wyll go to my frende 
Huon, & helpe hym at his node / therfore I wyshe my 
table, & all that is theron, nere to kynge Charlemayns 
table, & sum what aboue his a 1 two fote hyer ; & also 4 
I wyll, by cause I haue herd say that often tymes of a 
lytell castell cometh a greater, therfore I wyl that on 
my table be set my cuppe, & home, & harnes, 2 y* 
whiche Huon conqueryd of y e Gyaunt Angolaffer ; & 8 
also I wysh with me a .CM. men of armes such as I 
was wont to haue in batayle ' / he had no soner sayd 
y 6 wordes / but by the wyll of god & the pusaunce of 
the fayry / his table & all that ki?^ge Oberon had 12 
wyshyd was set iust by kinge Charlemaynes table, 
more hyer & greater than his was / whan 8 Charlemayne 
sa we the table, & the cuppe & 4 home & cote of mayle, 
he had greate meruayle, & sayd to duke Naymes, ' str 16 
duke, I beleue ye haue enchauntyud me.' ' sir,* quod 
the duke, 'neuer in my lyfe I medled with such mater 1 / 
the lordes & all suche as were there were greatly 
abasshyd how that mater came to passe / Gerames, 20 
who set nere to Huon, whan he saw the table, & y* 
cuppe & home of yuory & the harnes 6 theron, he knew 
them well, & sayd to Huon, 4 syr, be not dysmayed / for 
on yonder table that ye may se is your cuppe & home 24 
of yuory and cot of mayl / wherby I perceyue wel 
that ye 6 shalbe soeouryd by kynge Oberon ' / Huon 
behelde the table, & had grote ioye whan he saw it / 
than he lyft vp his haudes to the heuen & thanked our 28 
lorde god that he wolde vyset suche a pore synner as 
he was. 7 ' A, kynge Oberon, in many grete nedes ye 
haue soeouryd me ' / therwith aryued kinge Oberon in 
the cyte, wherof the burgesses & the comons were 32 
greatly abashyd, whan they saw suche a nombre of men 
of warre enter in to there cyte without any knowledge 

1 aboute. 

my armour. 


6 armour. 6 Fol. lxii. back, ool. 2. 

4 omitted. 
7 saying. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxxxiii.] op oberon in thb emperor's presence. 


before. Whan kinge Obero/i was within y 6 towne, & 
al his company, he sayd to his lordes, ' syrs, loke that 
ye set good watche at euery gate, so that no man go 

4 out ' / the whiche they dyd delygently / for at euery ud the gates are 
gate they set .x.M. men / Hhe cyte was full of men. 1 l^a^noL'c^ 
Than kyng Oberon toke the way to the palays, & at y* ottt " 
gate he left .x.M. men, commaundyng them on payne of 

8 there lyues that they shold not suffer any man to passe 
out / & also he commaundyd that yf they herde hym 
blowe his home of yuory, that incontynent they sholde 
eome in to the palays to hym, & to sle all suche as they 
12 sholde fynde there / & they promysyd hym so to do. 

Than kyng Oberon went vp in to the palays, & many oberon arriree at 

the palace. 

of his lorde* / with hym / he was rychely aparellyd in 
cloth of golde, & the border therof was fret 2 with ryche 
16 precyous stonnes ; goodly it was to behold, for a fayrer 

lytell perBon'coude not be founde / he passyd iust by He rudely touchee 

Charlemagne as 

kyng Charlemayn without spekynge of any worde, & he passes by him. 
went so nere too kynge Charlemayn that he shuidred 
20 hym so rudely that his bonet fell fro his hede. ' A, 
good lorde/ quod Charlemayne, ' I haue greate meruayle 
what this dwarfe may be that so rudely hath shuidred 
me, & all moost had ouer throwen my table / he is The King is 

greatly annoyed, 

24 feerse whan he thinkes scorn e to speke to me, how 

be it, I wyll se what he wyll do / I can not tell and watches his 

Z 6 ' , » movements. 

what he thynketh to doo / as 3 me semyth he is 
ryght ioyful, & also he is y e moost fayrest creature 
28 that 4 euer I saw ' / wha» Oberon had passyd by 

the kyng he came to Huon, & wysshyd y* fetters oberon wills the 

fetters to fell 

fro all there fete, l & toke them by theyr handes 1 from Huon's feet. 
& led them before Charlemayn with out any worde 
32 spekynge, & causyd them to syt downe 6 at his owne 
table that he had wysshyd thether, *& he sat downe 
with them 1 / than he toke his cuppe and made theron 

omitted. » sette. 8 but. 4 Fol. lxiii. col. 1. 
6 with him. 

8 2 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lxxxiii. 

Huon, and 
Germmea drink 
from hia 
enchanted cap. 

Oberon bid* Huon 
offer the cap to 

ft grows empty 
In the Emperor*! 

Oberon charges 
him with haritig 
committed a sin 
which he has 

fears the fairy- 

.iiL crosses / than incontynent y* cuppe was full of 
wyne / than kynge Oberon toke it & gaue it to Esclara- 
mond to drynke, & than to Huon, & so to Gerames / 
& whan they had all thre dronken well, he sayd to 4 
Huon, ' frende, aryse vp & take the cuppe & here it to 
kynge Charlemayne, & say vnto hym that he drynke to 
you in the name of good 1 peace / yf he refuse it he dyd 
neuer suche a foly in all hys lyfe.' Kynge Charlemayne, 8 
who sat nere to them at his owne table, herd kiwge 
Oberons wordes / than he wyst not what to thynke, & 
so sat sty 11 & durst 2 speake no 8 worde for the great 
meruaylles that he saw there, and no more durst 12 
none of his men, for they were so abasshyd that there 
was none there / but that gladly wolde haue ben a 
C. legges thense; x euery man beheld other grete 
meruayle. 1 But who so euer was af rayed, Gerarde 16 
was not 4 well assuryd. 5 Than Huon rose fro kynge 
Oberons table, & tooke the cuppe & went ther with to 
kynge Charlemayn, & delyueryd it to hym. The kynge 
toke it, and he 1 durst not refuse it. as soone as it was 20 
in his handes it was drye & voyde, and not a drope of 
wyne therin. * Felow,' quod y* king, ' ye haue en- 
chauntyd me.' * Syr/ qwod kynge Oberon, * it is 
bycause ye are full of synne / for y e cup is of suche 24 
dygnyte that none can drynke therof without he be a 
noble man, & clene without any deedly synne / & I 
know one that ye dyd not longe a go, the whiche as 
yet ye were neuer confessyd of / & yf it were not to 28 
your shame I sholde shew it here openly, that euery 
man sholde here it 9 / whan themperowr 6 Charlemayne 
herde kinge Oberon he was abasshyd, & afrayed that 
kynge Oberon wold haue shamyd hym openly / than 32 
Huon toke agayne the cuppe, & than incontynent it 
was full of wyne agayne / & than Huon bare it to duke 

1 omitted. 2 not. 


• Fol. Ixiii. col. 2. 

4 vcrie. 6 pleased. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxxxiii.] how charles is rebuked. 261 
Naymes, who sat next to Charlemayne. Naymes toke only Duke 

, , -on Naymes of all the 

the cuppe & dranke therof at his pleasure. But all courtiers can 
other coude not touche the cuppe, they were so full of enchanted cop. 

4 synne. Than Huon retournyd to kyng Oberon, & sat 
downe by hym / than kinge Oberon called to hym 
duke Naymes, & commaundyd hym to ryse fro Charle- 
mains table & to syt downe by hym at his table / the 

8 whiche duke Naymes dyd, he durst not say nay. Than 
Oberon sayd to hym / * sir duke Naymes, ryght good Oberon commence 

. . Naymes for his 

thanke I can 1 you in that ye haue ben so trew & lust faith in Huon, 
to Huon / & you, 2 kynge Charlemayn, 8 who is 8 
12 emperour of y* Komayns / beholde here Huon, whom and rebukes the 

Emperor for the 

wrongfully & with out cause ye haue dysheryt, & wold injustice of which 
take fro hym 4 his londes / he is a noble man & trew / guilty in his 
& besyde that, I say vnto you for trouthe he hath done braum Huon 6 

16 your message to 6 the admyrall Gaude*,.& I ay dyd to andaer * rd - 
bringe hym to hys deth, & 6 he toke out of his mouth 
.iiii. of his gretest teth, & 7 dyd cut of his whyte berde / 
& I dyd close them within the syde of Gerames by the 

20 wyll of god / this that I say ye may beleue surely, for 
at these dedes all I was present. Se yonder false 
traytour Gerard, who by his malysyous entent hath 
done this treason / & to thentent 8 that ye may knowe 

24 the mater more surelyer, ye shall here it confessyd by 

his owne mouth.' Than Oberon said to Gerarde, 1 1 oberonbids 

Gerard confess 

coniure the, by y e deuyne puyssau;*ee & power that god the troth, 
hath gyuen me, that here before kynge Charlemayn 

28 & all his lordes, 9 she we & declare the trouthe of this 
treason that 10 thou hast done agaynst Huon thy brother.' 
whan Gerarde vnderstode Oberon he was in such fere that 
he trymbled for drede / for he felt in hym selfe that he 

32 coude haue no power to hyde 11 or 12 couer 11 the trouth of 

the treason / & than he sayd, ' Syr, I se wel to hyde the and he tells aloud 

1 giue. 2 thou. 8-3 that art 4 all. 6 vnto. 
8 theu. 7 also. 8 the end. 9 thou. 10 which. 
omitted. u Fol. lxiii. back, col. 1. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. Ixxxiii. 

the story of hi* trouthe can not auayle me / therfore trewe it is I went 

tin tf&intt hit 

brother. to the abbay of seynt Maurys to se my brother Huon / 

& Gybouars accompanyd with .lx. men of 1 armes. we 
departyd fro this cyte, and layde our busshement in a 4 
lytell wood a 2 .ii legees fro this cyte / to watch whan 
my brother Huon shold passe by that way.' ' Gerarde/ 
quod kyng Oberon, ' speke out hyer that ye may the 
better be herde, & that euery man may here the treason 8 
& falsnes that ye haue done to 8 your brother.' ' Syr/ 
quod Gerard, 'I wote not what to say / for I haue 
done so yll and falsly against my brother that more yll 
au the detaOt of I coude not do ; 4 1 am ashamyd to recounte it But to 1 2 
hBtore^e™ "* saye trewly that, or 6 it was mydnyght, I made my 
Emperor. brother to ryse, & to departe fro y* abbay / & whan we 
came nere to the place where as my father in law 
Gybouars was with his busshement, I began to stryue 16 
with my brother so hyely that Gibouars myght here 
me, who whan he herde me speke, he brake out 6 of 
his busshement, & ranne at my brothers company, & 
so slew them all excepte these .iii. that be here / than 20 
we toke y e deed bodyes & dyd cast them in to the 
ryuer of Gerone / than we toke Huon, & his wyfe, & 
the olde Gerames, & bounde theyr handes & fete & 
blyndfelyd theyr iyen, & so brought them on .iii. 24 
lene horses in to this cyte ; & I toke out of the syde 
of 7 Gerames the berd & .iiii. gret teth / the whiche yf it 
please you I shall fetche them fro thense 8 I left them.' 
' Gerarde/ quod Oberon, * ye shall not nede to take the* 28 
laboure, for whan it shall please me I can haue them 
without you ' / ' well, sir,' quod Gerarde, ' thus whan 
I had set them in pryson, I went backe agayne to the 
abbay, & than I demaundyd of the abbot & couent 32 
where the treasure was that my brother had left there, 
& that he sholde delyuer it to me, beerynge hym in 

1 at. 1 about 8 vnto. 4 and. 6 before. 
• forth. 7 old. 8 the place where. 9 that. 

Digitized by 

Ca. lxxxiii.] op Gerard's confession. 


hande that my brother Huon bad 1 sent for it / the good 
abbot wolde not delyuer it to me / wherfore Gybouars 
& I slew hym, & than we made this monke here 2 abbot, 
4 who is neer of kyne to Gybouars, to y e entent that he 
sholde ayde to bere vs wytnes, & to iustyfye our 
saynges / than we toke all the treasure that was there 
& brought it hyther / than I chargyd .x. somers, the 
8 whiche I had with me, to kynge Charlemayns court at 
Parys / the which treasure I gaue part therof to the 
kynge, & to other, by whom I thought to be aydyd, 
to parforme myn vnhappye enterpryce / & I beleued 

12 surely that by reason of the ryches that I gaue that 
my brother sholde haue receyued deth / & therby I to 
haue ben lorde & mayster of al his londe* & seygnoryes / 
sir, 8 this treason that I haue shewed, Gybouars causyd oemd charts 

16 me to do it, or elles I had neuer thought to haue done the^^u™ of 
it/ 1 Gerarde,' quod king Oberon, 1 yf it please our ich«^. ked 
lord Jesu Cryst, you & he both shalbe hangyd by the 
neckes, there is no man lyuynge shall saue you. Syr oberon reqoecta 

20 emperour Charlemayn, ye haue well herd the confessyon o^erS^iLi 
of Gerard of the grete treason that Gybouars & he ^h^^" 1001 to 
hath done to 4 Huon. But by y e lorde that fourmyd 
me to his semblaunce / both they two, & the abbot, & 

24 his chapleyne, shalbe hangyd for there false wytnes.' 
' By y* fayth that I owe to saynt Denys/ quod kynge 
Charlemayn / 'they can not scape it.' 'Syr,' quod andChwie* 
Naymes, 1 it is grete sjnne to trouble a noble man / ye 

28 shal do well yf all iiii be hangyd ' / whan all the lordes 
herd Gerarde confesse that gret treason that he had 
done to 4 his brother, they blissyd them, & had grete 
meruayle of y e false treason that the one brother dyd 

32 to the other. 

1 Fol. lxiii. back, col. 2. 2 the. 3 and all. 4 vnto. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. lxxxiv. 

How kynge Oberon caused to be hangyd 
the .iiii. traytours, Gerard, Gybouars, & the 
two monkes, for 1 there false wytnes / & of 
the peace made bet wen Huon & Charle- 4 
mayne / and how kyng Oberon gaue to 2 
Huon his realme of the fayrye. 

Capitulo Ixxxiiii. 

•Han kynge Oberon had herd Gerarde 8 
confesse the treason done to his brother, 
oberon wUh« the [Mffll '^Jl an ^ herde how Gerarde ofrred to goo 
5^G«rardhM <v fetche the berde & 8 teth / & how 

m£ "if**" ^B^^ he had denyed hym to go, Than he 12 

sayd, * I wysshe them here on 4 this table.' he had no 
and th«y obey his sooner made his wysshe but they were set on the 
table / wherof all such as were there had gret mer- 
uayle. 'Syr,' quod Huon to kynge Oberon, humbly, 16 
Ha<m pieadi for ' I requyre you that of your grace ye wyll pardon my 

the life of Gerard 

hia brother. brother Gerard all y* yll that he hath done against 
me / for he dyd it by Gybouars, & as for me here, & 
before god, I pardon hym ; and, sir, yf ye wyll do 20 
thus I shalbe content therwit/i / & to thentent that 
we may vse our liues fro hense forth in good peace & 
loue, I wyll gyue 6 hym the halfe parte of my londes & 
8eygnorye8 / &, sir, in the honoure of our lord Jesu 24 
Cryst, haue pyte of hym ' / whan the lordes that were 
there present vnderetode Huon, they all for pyte began 
to wepe, and sayd amonge them selfe that Huon was a 
noble knyght, & that it had ben pyte yf the mater had 28 

oberon will grant framyd other wyse. ' Syr Huon/ quod Oberon / Wt is 
not necessarye to * requyre me of 6 this / for all the golde 
tiiat is in the worlde shall not respyte them 7 fro the 
deth. 7 I wysshe by y* puyssaunce that I haue in y 6 32 

1 Fol. lxiiii. col. 1. 1 vnto. 3 great 4 vpon. 
6 Fol. lxiiii. col. 2. request. 7 ~ 7 their deaths. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxxxiv.] how oberon recites his history. 


fayrye, 1 and by my dygnyte, 1 that here beneth in y* 
medow ther be a payre of gallowes, & all foure theron and the traitors 
hangyd.' Incontynent it was done, and all foure ftrehanged * 
4 hangyd / thus as ye haue herd y° traytours were payed 
ther desertes. Whan kynge Charlemayn had sene the The Emperor 

, believes Obero 

gret meruaylles that were done by the 1 commaundement to be God 
of 1 kyng Oberon, he sayd to his hides, 1 Syrs, I beleue HiIn,eIf • 
8 this man be* god hymselfe / for there is no mortall man 
can do this that he hath done ' / whan Oberon vnder- 
stode the emperour, he sayd, ' Syr, know for trouth I bat the Wry-king 

H0Clt66 Ills 

am not 3 god, but I am a mortall man as ye be, and history, 

12 was engendred on a woman as ye were, & my father 
was J uly us cesar, who engendred me on the lady of y* 
preuey 4 yle, who had ben before louer to Florymount, 
sonne to the duke of Albanye / she bare me .ix. 

16 monethes in her bely, 5 and 6 begoten by Julyus cesar 
whan he went in to Thesayle after Pompe the grete. 
He was amourous of my mother bycause she pro- 
phesyed that my father, Julius cesar, sholde wynne 

20 the batayle as he dyd / and whan I was borne there 
were vriih my mother many ladyes of y* fayrye, and by 
them I hadde many gyftes, and amonge other there 
was one that gaue me y e gyft to be suche one as ye se 

24 that 1 1 am, wherof I am sorye, but I can 7 be none other- 
wyse / for whan I cam to the age of thre yere I grew 
no more / & whan this lady 8 saw that I was so lytell / 
to content agayne my mother she gaue me agayne that 

28 I sholde be the moost 1 fayrest creature of the worlde, 
and other ladyes of the fayry gaue me dyuers other 
gyftes, the whiche I ouer passe at this tyme / & ther- 
fore, sir, know for trouth that aboue all thynges god 

32 loueth fayth & trouth whan it is in men, as it is here 
in Huon; & bycause I know in 9 certaine that he is 

1-1 omitted. * some. 8 no. 4 secret. 6 wombe. 
• I was. * not. • Fol. Will, back, col. 1. 
• for. 

266 huon op burdbux. [Ca. lxxxiv. 

and teiu of hit trew & faythf ull, therfore I haue alwayes loued hym.' 

love for Huon. 

After that kynge Oberon had endyd his wordes, & 
shewed thewperour Charlemayn of all his estate, he 
called Huon, and sayd, 1 ' aryse vp, & take the berde & 4 
the teth, & bere them to kyng Charlemayn, & desyre 
hym to render to you your londes as he promysyd.' 
Huon gives 4 Syr/ quod Huon, 1 1 ought so to do 9 / than Huon 
beeTd le »j^uw^ e came to kinge Cliarlemayne, & sayd, ' Syr, by your 8 
from Beoyion. yf ft m aye please you to receyue here y* berde 

& teth of y* admyral Gaudys.' ' Huon,' quod y* kinge, 
The Emperor * I holde you quyt, and I render to you all your londes 

hands over to blip * fc 

au bis lends, & seygnoryes, & pardon you of all myn yll wyll, and 12 
eli h?offeuoee. m put al rancoure fro me, & fro hense forth 2 retayne you 
as one of my peeres.' ' Syr,' quod Huon, * of this I 
thanke god & your grace/ than themperour Charle- 
mayne clyppyd & kyBsyd Huon in token of peace & 16 
The courtiers loue. Whan the lorde* saw that they wept for ioy, & 
reconduluom 6 thanked god that the peace was made, & specyally duke 
naymes was ioyfull. than within a whyle dyuers of y e 
lordes departyd fro the courte / than kynge Oberon 20 
Oberon bids Hnon called Huo?i to 8 hym, & said / ' sir, I commaunde you, 

oome to Mommur _ . . . 

in four yean' as derely as ye loue me, that this same day .nil. yere to 
Um *' come that ye come in to my cyte of Mommure / for I 

wyll gyue you my real me & all my dygnyte, the which 24 
and promises him I may lawfully do, for at my byrth it was gyuen me 

the kingdom of 

the fairies. that I myght so do, for it lyeth in me to gyue it where 
as I thynke best, & bycause I loue you so entyerly I 
shall set y e crowne on 4 your hede, and ye shalbe kyng of 28 
Bordeaux shall my realme / & also I wyll that ye 6 gyue vnto Gerames 
^nunse?™ 11 *° all your londes & seygnoryes in this partes, for he hath 
wel deseruyd it / for wttft you & for yowr loue he hath 
8uffred many grete trauaylles.' 1 Syr/ quod Huon, 32 
( syn° this is your pleasure, I ought wel to be pleasyd 
therwith; I shall acumplyshe all your commaunde- 

1 Sir. 1 I. 8 vnto. 4 vpon. 

6 Fol. Ixiiii. back, col. 2. 0 seeing. 

Digitized by 

Ca. lxxxv.] op oberon'8 departure. 267 

mente*.' 'Huon/ quod Oberon, 'know for trouth I obenmteiuofhu 
shal not abyde longe in this worlde, for so is the plea- S^orefor 
sure of god. it behoueth me to go in to paradyce, p * rmdUe- 

4 wher as my place is apparelled 1 ; in y* fayrye I shal byde 
no longer, but beware, as derely as ye loue your lyfe, 
that ye fayle not to be with me at y* daye that I haue 
apoyntyd ; beware that ye forget it not / for yf ye fayle 

8 I shall cause you too dye an yll deth / & therfore remewv 
bre it welL' whan Huon herde kynge Oberon he was 
ryght ioyus, 2 & stowpyd downe to haue kyst his fete / 
but than Gloryauns & Mallebron toke hym vp. Than 
12 Huon sayd, 'syr, of 8 this grete gyft I thanke you/ 

% How kyng Oberon departyd and toke lene 
of Charlemayn, & of Huob, & of Esclara- 
mounde / and also how kynge Charlemayne 
16 departyd fro Burdeux. Ca. lxxxv. 

Han kynge Oberon had sayd 4 to Huon 
as myche as he wold that he sholde 
do / than he sayd to Huon how he 
wolde departe, & toke leue of hym, & 
6 swetely kyssyd 6 hym. Than Oberon Oberon weep, on 

purtlnjf with 

stode styll a season, 9 & behelde Huon, & began to Haon. 

wepe 7 / whan Huon saw that he was sory in his herte, 
24 & sayd, ' A, sir kynge, I desyre you to shew me why 

make you this sorow at your departynge.' 8 'Huon,' 

quod Oberon, 1 1 shal shew you it is for pyte that I 

haue of you / for I swere by *y* lorde 9 that creatyd me 
28 that, or 10 I shal se thee agayne, fyrst thou, shalt sufifre so Huon has yet to 

myche payne / trauayle / pouerte / hungre / thyrst / amenity. 

fere / & 11 aduersyte, that there is no tonge can tell it / 

1 appointed. 8 ioyfull. 8 for. 4 imparted. 
*-* kindly embraced. • little while. T lament 
8 departure. him. 10 before. 

" Fol. lxv. col. 1. 

Digitized by 



& thy good wyfe shall suffer so myche that there is no 
creature shall se her but that shal haue 1 of her 1 great 
pyte.' 'A, syr,' quod Huon, 'than I requyTe you to 
ayde & comforte me.' 'Huon,' quod Oberon, 'what 4 
comforte wolde ye haue of me ? 9 4 Syr/ quod Huon, 4 I 
desyre you let me haue your home of yuory, to thentent 
that yf I haue nede that ye may socoure me / for so 
well I know you that ye wyll com and socoure me.' 8 
1 Huon,' quod Oberon / 4 syn 2 I haue agreed you with 
Charlemayn, trust not on me to be socouryd in any of 
your besyness, suffyce you with the gyft that I haue 
gyuen you whan 8 all my realme & pusaunce that I haue 12 
in the fayrye / trust on none other socoure of me.' 4 Syr, 
I am sory therof,' quod Huon, c that it may be none 
oberon take* otherwyse.' Than kynge Oberon toke leue of kynge 
court. Charlemayn, & of duke Naymes, & of all other lordes 16 

there present. Than he went to Huon & enbraced 
hym, & toke his leue of hym, & also of Esclaramonde 
& of olde 4 Gerames, & sayd to 4 the fay re lady 4 Esclara- 
monde, 4 1 commaunde you to god, & I desyre you, yf 20 
ye haue done well hether vnto, that ye wyll parseuer 
euer better & better, and bere always fayth & honour 
to your housbonde ' / 4 syr/ quod she, * I pray god I 
lyue no longer than 6 I sholde 4 do the contrary. 1 Thus 24 
kynge Oberon departyd / & after his departure kynge 
chari«magi>e alto Charlemayn made redy his company, & toke leue of 
leave* Bordeaux, jj uon ^ 0 f Egdaramonde & Gerames, and they con- 

ueyed* the kynge a 7 two legges, 8 and than toke there 28 
leues of 9 the kynge, 9 & of duke Naymes, and of all the 
but promiaet to lordes. Than the kynge sayd / 4 Huon, yf any warre 

aid Huon In any 

war in which he be moued agaynst you, or that yf ye haue any gret 
may engage. affayres to do / let me haue knowlege therof, & I shall 32 
come & socoure you, or 4 1 shall 4 sende you suche ayde 
that shalbe suffycient.' 4 Syr,' quod Huon, 4 1 thanke 

*— 1 after pyte. 8 seeing. 8 euen. *— * omitted, 
6 if. • brought 7 about 8 off. him. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxxxv.] OF the emperor's departure. 


your grace,' and so toke 1 leue of the kynge & retouryd 
to Bur'dcux, where as he was 8 in grete ioy, & s recoyued 
with grete honour. 4 Nowe let vs leue spekynge of 
4 Huon, & speke of Oberon of the fayrye. 1 

1 hia. * Fol. lxv. col. 2. «-» omitted. * ioy. 



Digitized by 





Juke gtum 4 guri^ttx. 

Digitized by 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 



The portrait which is prefixed to this volume will, I hope, prove 
of some general interest. As the work of Holbein, and a memorial 
of a first discoverer of the capacities of English prose, it deserves a 
very prominent position among portraits of English men of letters. 
The original painting is at Keythorpe Hall, Leicestershire. It has 
been reproduced here for the first time by the kind permission of its 
owner, the Hon. H. Tyrwhitt Wilson. Lord Berners is represented 
in the robes of the Chancellor of the Exchequer : he holds in his right 
hand a lemon to protect him (according to a contemporary belief) 
from the plague, to which his presence in the Exchequer Court fre- 
quently exposed him. The picture is described by Mr. Ralph 
Wornum in his edition of Horace Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting 
(i. 82), but Dr. Alfred "Woltmann in his elaborate book on Holbein 
makes no mention of it. The present engraving is the work of 
Messrs. Dawson of the Typograplric Etching Company. 

I regret that I have been unable to complete the reprint of this 
romance in a second part. The tale of Huon's wife, Esclaramonde, 
and of the treacherous advances made towards her by the Emperor 
of Germany {chapters lxxxvi — clvii), is alone printed here. The 
concluding portions of Lord Berners' work, relating the wooing and 
marriage of Huon's daughter, Clariet, the repulsive trials to which 
Ide, Clariet's daughter, was subjected, and the early fortunes of 
Croisant, Ide's son {chapters clviii — clxxxiv), are reserved for a third 
part. For that part I am also preparing glossaries of the proper 
names, places, and obscure words, with appendices on the leading 
differences in the language of the first and third editions, and on 



some of the more curious legends introduced into the story. Lovers 
of fairy lore may find much to interest them in the pages that follow. 
Huon's second journey to the East (pp. 361 et seq.), to obtain succour 
in behalf of his wife and child, involves him in more marvellous 
perils than any he met with in his earlier travels. The descriptions 
of Judas Iscariot (pp. 363-7) and of Cain are singular examples of 
the mediaeval mythology that grew out of scriptural history. The 
account of the last days of Oberon (pp. 597-606) is, like many 
passages in the first part, worthy of notice in future commentaries on 
Shakespeare's Midsummer Nighfs Dream. 

The length of this romance will doubtless deter all but a very few 
students from proceeding very far in its perusal It must in fairness 
be admitted, too, that the plot works sluggishly, wanting in rapid 
energy, and abounding in detail, which the modern critic will denounce 
as superfluous. But such incidents as those to which I have drawn 
attention effectively relieve the story's prolixity, and the never unme- 
lodious monotony of its language is at times broken, as I have shown 
before, by tones of the purest beauty. It is moreover in its bulk, 
as in all other respects, an excellent representative of the popular 
literature of sixteenth -century England. And let us remember 
that it is not in effect much longer than an ordinary three-volume 
novel of our own day, with which in an historical sense it invites 
comparison. It therefore behoves lovers of the fiction of the present 
age to treat Huon of Burdeux, its author, and those sixteenth-century 
readers who could eagerly devour its pages, sympathetically : for the 
judgment that we pass to-day on Lord Bernera' book and its first 
enthusiastic patrons, assuredly awaits three centuries and a half 
hence whatever may survive of the light literature of our own time, 
and ourselves, who reward it with a golden homage. 

I desire to take this, the first opportunity allowed me, of cor- 
recting a misstatement made by Mrs. T. H. Ward in the Atkenceum 
(August 18th, 1883), to disprove an assertion of mine that appeared 
in the same journal five weeks earlier. Mrs. Ward there set among 
her "facts" the remark that "Lord Berners — unless Mr. Lee has 
some quite fresh information, in which case I must plead ignorance— 



died on March 16th, 1532" and she proceeded to point out, that as 
I accepted March 10th, 1533, for the date of the completion of an 
important translation of Lord Berners — " the Golden Boke of Marke 
Aurelie " — I made " the translation finished nearly a year after the 
translator's death." If Mrs. Ward had done me the honour of turn- 
ing to my record of the life of Lord Berners in the Introduction to 
Part I, published in January last, she might possibly have avoided 
the frequently repeated error into which she has here fallen. I 
showed there that notices of the death of Lord Berners in Mr. James 
Gairdner's Papers of Henry VIII (vol. vi, nos. 238 and 239) prove 
conclusively that, reckoning the new year, as is the modern custom, 
from the first of January, he died on March 16th, 1533. The makers 
of biographical dictionaries have, I know, antedated the event by one 
year in their forgetfulness of the well-known fact that with Lord 
Berners* contemporaries the twenty-fifth day of March was the first 
day of a new year. The mistake is one worth correcting permanently, 
and I hope to be able to do so in the article on Lord Berners that 
I am writing for Mr. Leslie Stephen's new Dictionary of National 
Biography. As for Lord Berners* relations to so-called Euphuism, 
which was the original subject of my brief controversy with Mrs. 
Ward, I am quite ready to admit that Dr. Landmann, in a work 
privately printed at Giessen in 1881, was the first, as Mrs. Ward has 
shown, to call attention to the important influence he exerted in the 
matter; but I do not imagine that Lord Berners 7 connexion with 
Euphuism is so thoroughly understood in England as to make such 
a re-statement of the facts as I intend to give in an appendix wholly 
a work of supererogation. 

S. L. Lee. 

26, Brondesbury Villas, London, N. W. 
December 26, 1883. 

Digitized by 



% Howe kynge Oberon deuysyd with his 
knyghtes in his cyte of Mowmure in the 
4 fayrye of the deck* of Huon of Burdeux, & 
of that 1 sholde fall 2 after to hym. 

Ca. .lxxxvi. 

Han kynge Oberon was departyd fro 
Burdeux he came to his cyte of Mom- oberon returns to 

Hommur and 

mure. Thaw 8 he began sore to wepe. bewails the sad 

° r fate that is still 

Than Gloryaunt demaundyd of hym in store for Huon. 
why he made that sorow. ' Gloryauns/ 
12 quod Oberon, ' it is for the vnhappy Huon / he is alone, 
and I knowe well here after he shalbe betrayed, and 
all for Esclararaonde his wyfe / for though 4 he haue or 5 Esciaramon.iewm 

cause him much 

this tyme sufferyd greate trauayle and myche trouble suffering. 

16 and pouerte / yet I knowe surely that he shall suffer 
more than euer he dyd, & he shal 6 haue no socoure of 
any man lyuynge ' / 1 why, sir, 9 quod Gloryauns, ' how 
can that be ? / for Huon is a grete lorde, & hath many 

20 frendes, and is the moost hardyest knyght now lyuyng / 
& he is at accorde with kynge Charlemayn, therfore he 
were a greate foole that wolde make hym any warre, & 
do hym any dyspleasure 1 / 1 well/ quod Oberon, * god 

24 ayde hym in all his affayres / for or 5 it be longe he shall 
haue myche to do.' Thus Oberon entred in to his ryche 
palays, & sayd agayne, 1 A, fre 7 knyght Huon, I know 
well ye shalbe betrayed for the loue of your wyfe, who 

1 which. 2 happen. 3 and there. 4 that. 6 ere. 
6 Fol. Ixv. back, col. 1. T deare. 


Digitized by 



huon of burdeux. [Ca. lxxxvil 

is fay re and goo J, and yf ye take not good hede ye 
shall leue her and your selfe in grete perell of deth / 
and yf ye scape the deth, yet shall you suffer suche 
payne and pouerte that there is no clerke lyuynge so 4 
sage that caw put it in wrytynge.' * Syr,' quod Glory- 
auns / ' me thynke this can not be, seynge the loue that 
is now betwene hym and Charlemayn.' ' Gloryauns/ 
quod Oberon, 'yet I say agayne to 1 you that, or 2 this 8 
yere be passyd, Huon shalbe in such distres, and so 
hardely kept, that yf he had .x. realmes he wolde gyue 
them all to be out of that daurcger that he shalbe in 9 / 
than Gloryauns was pensyue, and sayd / 'A, sir, for 12 
goddes sake neuer leue Huon your frende in suche 
Nor wm oberon daunger / but rather socoure hym* / 'nay, surely,' 

aid him, 

quod Oberon, 'that wyll I not doo / syn 8 I haue pro- 
now that Huon mysyd hym my dygny te & londe ; he shal not be aydyd 1 6 
hu crown. nor socouryd by me, for he shalbe closyd in suche a 
plase that I wolde not go thether for .x. of the best 
cytyes of the worlde.' Now let vs retourne to 1 Huon, 
beynge in his palays at Burdeux. 20 

% How Huon toke homage of his men & 
chastesyd his rebelles, & of .iii. pylgremes, 
by whom myche yll fell 4 after, as ye shall 
here. Ca. .lxxxvii. 24 

Fter that kynge Charlemayn was 
departyd fro Burdeux & that Huon 
was retournyd, he assambled all his 
barons, to whom he made good chere, 28 
and there they toke there londe* & 
The lord* of fees of hym & made there homage, 

homage to Huon. Than he toke a ,M. chosyn knyghtes wt'tA hym, & rode 

in his londes & tooke possessyon of townes & castelles, 32 
<fe was obeyed in euery place except of one Named 
1 vnto. 2 before. 8 seeing. * Fol. Ixv. back, col. 2. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxxxvii.] how three pilgrims come to bordeaux. 


Angelers, who was cosyn germayne to Amaury, whom Angelars, a 

" «- - - relative of the 

Huon had slayne before at Parys before themperowr Eari Amaury, 
Charlemayn for y* loue of Chariot / this Angelars was 
4 false & a traytoure, & he had a stronge castell with / in 
a 1 .iii. legges of Burdeux / he woide not holde of Huon resists Huon-s 


nor obey hym, tho he was his lege man / whan Huon 
saw that he wolde not holde of hym nor do hym 
8 homage, he was sore dyspleasyd, and made promyse that, 
yf that he mygth gette hym parforce, he wolde surely 
hange hym vp & 2 as many as were in the castell. 3 than 
Huon assaylled y* castell, & they within defendyd Huon marches to 

12 them 4 valyauntly / so that many were hurt and slayne ukehl,CMU0 ' 
of 5 both partes / Huon was there .viiL dayes & coude 
not wyn y e castell / than Huon ordenyd before the 
place a payre of galowes, & on 6 y* .ix. day he made a which fails after 

16 freshe assault by suche force 7 that he wan y e castell nine d * y8 ' iiege * 
& entred parforce. Angelars was taken & .lx. 8 men Angelars and his 
with hym, & they were al hangyd on y* galowes. Than anTha^ed." 1 
Huon gaue the castell to 9 one of his knyghtes / 10 than 

20 he departyd & went to the castell of Blay, where as he 
was receyued wit/i gret ioy / and the fayre Esclaramonde 
was in her 11 palays at Burdeux well acompenyd with 
ladyes & dameselles / & as they were deuysynge to- 

24 gyther, there entred into y e palays .iii. pylgremes who Three pilgrims 
ryght humbly salutyd the lady Esclaramonde. ' Syrs/ Esclaramonde at 
quod y* lady, ' 1 pray you shew me out of what countre Bordeaux ' 
ye are come* / 'dame/ 13 quod one of them, 1 know for 

28 trouth that we are come fro Ierusalem, & haue made They say they are 

Journeying from 

our o fiery nge to the holy sepulture, we haue su fiery d the Holy Land, 
myche pouertie in oure iurnay, wherfore, lady, we 
requjrre you humbly for the loue of our lorde Jesu 
32 Cryst to gyue vs sum meet/ 'Syrs/ quod she, 'ye 
shall haue ynough ' / & than she coinmaundyd two of 

1 omitted. 2 Fol. Ixvl. col. 1. s with him. 4 selues. 
6 on. 0 vppon. 7 fttrength. * Fortie. 9 vnto. 
w and. 11 the. M Madame. 

T 2 

Digitized by 



huon op burdbux. [Ca. Ixxxvii. 

They are well 

but soon eet out 
for Vienna. 

On their way they 
meet Duke Raoul, 
who waa 

He is a traitor 

and a mover of 

He welcomes the 

and auks how 
they have fared. 

her knyghtea to se 1 y* pylgremes sholde haue meet and 
drynke / & so they were set at y e end of the hall, & a 
table coueryd for them, & thereon brede & fleshe & 
wyne / they were well serued. Thaw the duches 4 
Esclaramo/ide went to vysyt thewi, <fe deinau?*dyd where 
they were borne & whether they wolde go. 'Dame/ 2 
quod they, ' we be all .iii. borne at Vyene, & thether we 
wolde retourne 1 / t syrs, god be your gyde,' quod the 8 
lady, & she gaue them .x. Florence, wherof they had 
grete ioy & thankyd y* duches. 8 Alas ! that gyft was 
yll imployed, 4 as ye shal here 5 after. They departyd 
& toke ther way, & trauayled so longe that on a twes- 12 
daye 6 they aryued halfe a legge fro Vyene / & ther they 
met duke Raoull, who was goynge a hawkynge / he 
was a grete & puyssaunt lord of londes & seynoryes, & 
hardy in dedes of armes. grete domage 7 it was that he 16 
was such a traytoure, for a more subtylman coude not 
be knowen / for all the dayes of his lyfe he was euer a 
mouer of warre & stryfe & to do treason, without 
hauynge regarde other to kynne or other / god con- 20 
founde hym / for by hym & hys cause Huon sufFeryd 
so myche yll that it cannot be recountyd. This duke 
Raoull was to mary / thus as he was in the feldes a 
hawkynge, & .xx. knyghtes with hym, he met the sayd 24 
thre pylgremes, & anone he knew them. Than he rode 
to them & sayd, * syrs, ye be welcom home ' / they were 
ioyf all, whan they saw the duke, there lord, salute them 
so humbly, & for ioy therof they shewed hy??i such 28 
newes that by y e occasyon therof .xx. M knyghtes lost 
after theyr lyues, & Raoull hymselfe receyued y* deth / 
& Huon had suche trouble that he had neuer none 
suche before, as ye shall here 6 after. Than the duke 32 
sayd to the pylgremes / ' frendes, I pray you shew me 
by what couwtrees ye haue passyd to com nether.' 

1 that. 8 Madame. 8 but 4 bestowed. 6 here, 
• Fol. Ixvi. col. 2. 

4 bestowed. 
7 pittie. 

Digitized by 


Ca. lxxxviiL] op duke raoul's evil designs. 


' Sjr/ quod they, ' we haue passyd by Fraunce, & fyrst 

we were at Burdeux, & there we fouttde y e duches They u>u him how 


Esclaramounde, wyfe to Huon of Burdeux, of whom ye received them at 

4 haue herd so myche spekynge of. 1 she is so fayre & andhowiair 

so well fourmyd, 2 so swete, pleasaunt, & gracyous as can >h6i * 
be deuysyd. she is doughter to the admyrall Gaudy s, 
whom Huon hath slayne, & taken her to his wyfe / 
8 grete domage 8 is it that Huon sholde haue suche a 

wyfe / for she were meter to be wyfe to a pusauwt »nd how worthy 

J ' to be the wife of a 

kinge, for who so euer had suche a wyfe to lye by greater prim* 

than Huon— even 

myght wel say that there were none lyke her in all y e of Raoui himself. 

12 worlde / wolde to our lorde god, sir / that she were 
your wyfe ' / whan the duke herde that, he chaungyd 
coloure & greatly couertyd the lady in his herte / so 
that he was stryken with 4 such 6 sparke of that for the 6 

16 byrnynge loue that he had to the lady Esclaramonde, 6 

he promysed & sware that he wolde haue her, who so The Duke swears 

i.i a ii *« iii that he wtli wed 

ener sayd the contrary, & sayd ho we 7 he wolde slee Esclaramonde. 
Huon, & than haue Esclaramonde to his wyfe. Thus 
20 duke Raoull sware the deth of Huon / 8 than he departyd 
fro the pylgremes. yll was employed 9 the almes that 
Esclaramonde had gyuen them. 

% How duke Raoull of Austrych, by the 
24 reporte of the pylgremes, was amourous of 
the fayre Esclaramonde / and of the tornay 
that was cryed, 10 to thentent to haue slayne 
Huon. Capitulo .lxxxviii. 

1 for. a fauoured. 3 pittie. 
4 Fol. lxvi. back, col. 1. 6 ~ 6 violent and. • as. 
* that 8 and. • bestowed. 10 proclaimed. 

Digitized by 


huon of burdeux. [Ca. lxxxviii 

Duke Raoul 
announces his 
intention to vUit 
his uncle the 
Emperor of 
and secretly 
resolves to hold a 
great tournament, 
to which Huon is 
to be induced to 
come to meet his 

A messenger is 
sent to the 
Emperor asking 
him to arrange 
the tournament at 

and he does at ha 
is requested. 

Raoul assembles 
his barons and 
makes them 
swear to compass 
the death of 

Hu8 duke Eaoull retournyd to the cyte 
of Vyen ryght pensyue, and sent for 
his preuey counsell, & than he cow- 
maundy d them to assamble as myche 1 4 
people as they coude, by cause he 
sayde that he wolde goo to his vncle 
themperour of Almayne / to whom he sent a secret 
message that he shold cause the tournay to be cryed* in 8 
sum conuenyewt place, to thentent that the knyghtes 
of Almayne and of other countrees sholde assemble 
there. The false traytoure dyd it for a craft, to then- 
tent that Huon by his prowes and hardenes sholde 12 
come to that tournay. The messenger rode forth tyll 8 
he came to Strabrouge, where as he founde themperour, 
who was vncle to Eaoull, for he was themperours bro- 
thers sonne / whan themperour herde the message he 16 
was ioyfull / 4 whan he herd those 4 newes fro his 
neuewe duke Raoull, whom he loued entyerly / and to 
do hym pleasure he sent to all londes vnder his obey- 
saunce, to all knyghtes and 6 squyers suche as of custome 20 
were wont to iust and tournay, desyrynge them to come 
at a day assygnyd to the cyte of Mayence, for there he 
wolde kepe open courte. 6 themperour knewe not for 
what entent his neuew Eaoull had deuysyd that 24 
tournay. Alas ! he dyd it 7 to fynde 8 place to slee Huon, 
to thentent to haue his wyfe Esclaramonde. Than 
duke Eaoull on a day assembled his barons, specyally 
suche as he had parfyte trust in / he shewed them at 28 
length 9 y* cause why he had assembled all that 8 people / 
to go to the tournay. ' Therfore, syrs, 10 I wyll that ye 
sware to me the deth of Huon of Burdeux / for I wyll 
that ye & I togyther 11 put 12 to our payne 12 to slee hym / 32 

1 many. 1 proclaimed. 8 vntill. 
4—4 and not a little pleased to heare such. 
6 Fol. Ixvi. back, col. 2. 6 Now. » but. 

0 large. 10 quoth he. 11 omitted. 
12-12 „]] our vttermost 


Digitized by 


Ca. lxxxviii.] of the plot against huon. 279 
& than I wyll wed his wyf e, of whom I am so amour- and to aid him in 

his quest of 

ous that I caw not slepe nor take any rest / y e same Eaciaramonde. 
tyme that they thus made promyse & sware y e deth of 
4 Huon, There was amonge them a varlet with duke one of the Duke'a 

servants hud of 

Kaoull who in his yougth had serued Huon of Burdeux / old served Huon, 
and 1 whan he vnderstode 2 yf Huon came to the tournay, 
howe 3 he sholde be murderyd / as preuely as he coude / 
8 he departyd fro Vyene, & neuer restyd tyll 4 he came to and goes to 
the cite of Burdeux, where as he founde duke Huon in htm of the plot 
his palays with his lordes, who had been 6 aduertesyd againrt h,B Ufe * 
that there sholde be 6 a great tournay at Mayence in 

12 Almayne / and he deuysyd with his lorde* 7 to go Huon 

thether. The same tyme thether came 8 the varlet, 8 who 9 Rom* to Mayence 
humbly salutyd duke Huon, who sayd to hym, 1 frend, arrives, 
where hast thou ben so longe ? ' ' Syr/ quod the varlet, 

16 ' I come now fro Viene in Austrych, and 10 duke Kaoull 
who is lorde there 11 hathe cryed 12 a tournay in euery 
countre, anil, 13 syr, yf ye go thether ye shalbe slayne / and reveals the 

., , „ , i » danger which 

for tnys towrnay is deuysyd for none other ente?it / for 14 threaten his old 


20 by cause it is 15 well knowen that there can be no hye 
dedes of armes done in any place / but that ye wyll 
be 16 at it. and whan they haue slayne you y e duke 
Kaoull wyll haue 17 the duches your wyfe in mariage; 

24 therfore, syr, for goddes sake aduyse you well that ye 
come not there, in as moch as ye loue your lyfe / for ye 
can not scape / there be a .xx. M men that hath 
sworne your deth ; 18 yf ye enter in to the tornay ye can 

28 neuer scape the deth / and I haue herde duke Kaoull 
swere that when he hath slayne you he wyll kepe all 
your londes/ When duke Huon hadde herd the 
verlet / he sware by god and made 19 promyse that Huon swears to 

make Raoul 

32 duke Kaoull sholde derely by his fals treason. Then own his treachery. 

1 now. 2 that. 3 there. 4 vntill. 6 before. 
6 held. 7 how. 8-8 after time. 9 and. 10 where. 
u of. 12 proelaymed. 13 but. 14 omitted. 16 too. 
18 present 17 Fol. lxvii. col. 1. 18 therefore. 
10 a solemn. 

Digitized by 


the duchea Esclaramonde kneled downe before Huon & 
Eiciaramonde sayd, 41 A, syr, 1 I desyre you to forbere your goynge 
nS*togo h from nd thyther at this tyme / for I haue herd often reputed 2 
that thia duke Raoull is pusant & hath grate londes, & 3 4 
is nephew to themperour of Almayne / and also I haue 
herde saye that a falser traytoure there is none lyuynge 
in this worlde.' 'Dame,' 4 quod Huon, 'I haue well 
But Huon u deaf herd you / but by y e lorde that fourmed me to his 8 

to her entreaties, 

and declares he ymage, thoughe I sholde lose halfe my londes I wyll go 6 
onoe to slay the se y e traytoure / what weneth 6 he to abasshe me with 
traitor. ^jg^yjjg^ ] / yf I may mete hym in 7 the tornay, 

or in ony other place where so euer it be, though he 12 
had with him .x. M men of armes, and that I had but 
alonely my swerde in my hande, I shall sle him what 
so euer sholde fall therof, and let oure lorde god do 
with me as it shall please hym; 8 nor 8 I shall neuer 16 
haue ioye at my herte tyll I haue slayne hym.' When 
the duches herde Huon, how he wolde do none other 
wyse, & that she coulde not let him of his enterpryce, 
she was sorowfull, and sayde, ' Syr, syn 9 it is your plea- 20 
sure / reason it is that I muste be content / but yet, 
Esclaramonde syr, I desyre you to take with you .x.M. men well 
many anned men armyd, to thentent that ye be not founde vnprouyded, 
with him, go t ^ ^ ^ ^ e assayled 10 ye may be of 11 pusauwce to 24 

resyste your enemyes / & also 8 that it 12 may be youre 
and offers to go pleasure that I may 12 go with you : & I wyll 13 be armed 

with him herself. 

with w shelde 8 & helme 8 & swerde by my syde, & yf I 
may mete duke Raoul, I shall gyue hym suche a buffet 28 
that I shall stryke hym from his horse, & IS I am so 
dyspleased with hym that there is no membre 16 in me 
but that trembleth for angre / 17 I shall neuer haue ioye 
at my herte tyll I be reuenged of hym.' When Huon 32 

h ~ l Deare Lord. 8 repeated. 3 besides. 
* Madame. 6 to. 6 tliinketh. 7 at omitted. 

9 seeing. 10 yet. u sufficient. 
u - u will please you to suffer me to. 13 Fol. Ixvii. col. 2. 
14 my. 16 for. 16 ioynt. 17 and. 

Digitized by 

Ca. lxxxviii.] how a pilgrim comes to bordeaux. 281 

herde the duches his wyfe he was wel comforted, <& 
began to laugh, & sayde, ' fayre ladye, I can 1 yon grete 
thanke for your wordes, but ye are to farre gone with Haon tciu her 

. . her health 

4 chyld to ryde armed ; it is a seuen monethes past syn wui not allow 
ye were fyrst with chylde ' / then Huon made to be company. 
cryed 2 in all his londes that euery man sholde be redy Proclamation u 
to go with hym to the tornay at Mayence. The dukes ^rteauxbSluug 
8 ewtent was anone knowen through 8 all the countre, so aocomp^l £ Haon 
that it 4 spred a brode that 6 the brute therof came to the to Mmyenc ** 
herynge of duke Eaoull / and, when he herd that Huon Raoni hears of 
wold come to the tornay, he was* ioyfull therof / then 

12 he sware that he wolde go and se Esclaramonde in the 

guyse of a pylgreme / 7 then he toke* on a beggers gar- and disguising 
ment and 9 a stafife & a wallet / he shewed his en tent to piSdm/dod^sto 
them of his preuey counselL they wold haue stopped Esdaramonde. 

16 his goynge, but they coude not / thus he appareled him 
selfe lyke a begger / and with an herbe rubbed so 10 his 
face and handes that suche as hadde not sene hym 11 
apparelled coulde not haue knowen hym, he was so 

20 foule and blacke. 12 he desyred his men to kepe secret 

his enterpryce. Then he departyd fro Vyen, & neuer He leare* Vienna 
rested tyll he came to the cyte of Burdeux, and so wente Bordeaux. 
to 13 the palays <fe w found e Huon amonge his barons, He see* Huon 

24 makynge grete chere and feest, for to 13 hym was come amonghubaron *» 
dyuers lordes and knyghtes, deuysynge of the tornay 
that shold be holden at Mayence. Thus Raoull came 
before Huon, & desyred hym for the honoure of our 

28 lorde god to gyue hym some mete & almes. ' Frende,' and begs for 
quod Huon, * thou shalt haue ynough / but I pray the 
tell me 15 fro whens thou comes t, and whyther thou wylt 
go, & of what countre thou arte of ' 6 / * air, 9 quod Raoul, 

32 « I am 16 borne of the countre of Berry, but it is .xx. yere 

1 giue. 2 proclaimed. s out. 4 being. 6 omitted. 
6 not a little. 7 and. 8 putte. 9 tooke. 10 on. 
11 otherwise. 12 then. 13 vnto. 14 where he. 
16 Fol. lxvii. back, col. 1. 16 was. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. lxxxix. 

He tells a 1 jing 
■tory of hit 
pilgrimage and 
previous life. 

Hupn receives 
him kindly. 

passed syn I was there, when I departed thens I was 
but yonge, for yf I sawe 1 nowe before me 1 my father 
or mother, I shold not know them ; &, syr, I come fro 
beyonde y e see, where as I haue ben prysoner amonge 4 
y e sarazyns y e space of .xiiii. yeres in a stronge castell, 
where I haue suffred moche dysease of hungre & colde, 
& at 2 last I scaped by reason of a yonge man to whome 
I promysed, 3 yf he coude brynge me to Acre in saue 8 
garde, that I wolde then gyue hym twenty ducates of 
golde / the yong man was couetous to haue the money, 
and founde the meanes that he brought me to Acre, 
where as I founde a kynnesman of myn who payed the 12 
yonge man 4 that I 5 promysyd 6 hym / and also he gaue 
me .xv. ducates, the whiche I haue spent with corny ng 
hyther.' 'Fronde/ quod Huon, 'I praye to 8 god to 
ayde the, for yf thou were not soo yll apparelled thou 16 
sholdest seme a man of a hye lygnage / for it semeth to 
me, yf thou were wel armyd and wepened, and were in 
some bysenes, thou were lyke ynough to be fered/ 

Raoul in his 
disguise dines 
with Huon and 

% How after that duke Raoull had ben at 20 
Burdeux in the guyse of a pylgreme to se 
the fayre lady Esclaramonde, he retournyd 
agayne to Vyen. Capitulo .lxxxix. 

> Fter that Huon had longe deuysed 24 
with Raoull / he wasshed & sate 
downe to dyner,& the duches his wyfe 
by him / the?* Huon cowmaunded that 
at the ende of the table, ryght before 28 
his table, Raoull the pylgreme to be 
set, & 7 was well serued / but Raoull hadde lytell care 
other of mete 8 or drynke, for his thought was of another 

*— 1 after mother. s the. 3 that 
4 the money the which I had. 6 had. 6 vnto. 
7 there he. 8 Fol. lxvii. back, col. 2. 

Digitized by 




mater wherupow he sore studyed / for before him he 
saw the noble duches Esclaramonde, of whom he was 
so amourous that he coude not wtt/idraw his eyen fro 

4 her / for the more he beheld her the more he was ma love for the 
enbrased with 1 louo / he thought he neuer sawo before aplJef* * r ° W * 
800 fay re a lady in all his lyfe / so that for the grete 
beaute tlxat was in her / he chaunged ofte?i tymes his 

8 coloure, but it coude not be percoyued by cause he was 
so blacke & foule with rubbyng of certeyn herbes / & 
he sayd to 2 him selfe / that who so euer had suche a 
lady to his wyfe myght wel make auauwt to be the 
12 happyest maw of y e worlde, 3 that myght 4 haue his 

pastyme witli so fayre a lady / & sayii, 6 by the lorde *nd he swear* to 

8 ' ** * slay Huon and 

that fourmed him / though he sholde be dampned in make her hi* own 
hell for euer / he wold slee Huon & haue his wyfe in 

16 maryage, & all Huons londes to be his for euer. Alas, 
that it had not pleased our lord god that at that 6 houre 
Huon might haue knowera the treason of Raoull / he 
sholde then haue bought it ful derely. When y e 

20 tray tour had eten and made good chere / Huon gaue Huon, however, 
hym 7 gowne / shyTte / hosen & shoes / & money for dothing™nd 
his dyspewce / Kaoull toke it, he durst not refuse it, m0M '* 
bat thanked Huon / & so toke his leue & departed, he 

24 durst no lenger tary for fere of knowlege / & as soone 
as he coude he departed out of the towne / of hw 
iourneys I wyll make no longe rehersall / but he 
laboured so longe that he aryued at Vien : then he and he journeys 

° J 3 back to Vienna. 

28 went to his palays, where as he was well receyued of 
his lordes / & they laughed when they sawe hym in 
that apparell / then wttAin a whyle after he made hym 
redy, & his men, who were a grete nombre, & so soon afterwards 

32 departyd fro Vyen, & toke the way to Mayence. for Mayence. 
When his vncle, the emperoure of almayne, was aduer- 
tysed of his comynge / he wente & met hym without 

1 her. * within. 8 euen he. 4 but 6 swore. 
• this. 7 a. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. XC. 

His ancle, the 
Kin per or of 
welcome* him 

A tournament La 

y e towne to do hyni the more honour, & when he saw 
hym he was ioyefull, & kyssed hym & sayd, 'fayre 
nephew, I am glad of your 1 comynge; I haue longe 
desyred to se you.' y e good emperour knew nothynge 4 
of y e treason that his nephew had purchased agaynst 
Huon of Burdeux / for yf he had knowen it / to haue 
dyed in the quarel he wolde neuer haue consented to 
tliat treason, thus hande in hande themperour & his 8 
nephew Eaoull entred wttft grete ioye in to y e cyte 
of Mayence, where as they were hyghly receyued / 
grete ioy was made at theyr comynge ; moch people 
were in the towne, come thyder to iust & tourney, and 12 
many other to beholde the tryumphe. Now let vs 
speke of Huon of Burdeux. 

Huon leaves 
Bordeaux for the 
tournament at 

He is strongly 
guarded at his 

but he leaves his 
companions at 
Cologne, and 

% How duke Huoa toke leue of the duches 
his wyfe, & how he aryued at Mayence & 16 
went to the palays. Capitulo .lxxxx. 

j Hen Huon saw his tyme to departe fro 
lUirdeux to go to y e turney to 2 Mayence, 
he made redy his trayn, & toke with 20 
him .x.M. men of armes for the garde 
of his parson of 3 the best horse men in 
all his countre / then he toke his leue of y e f ayre Esclara- 
monde his wyfe, who began sore to wepe when she saw 24 
his departure / ryght swetly they kyssed togyther at 
theyr departyng / then he toke his hors & he & his 
company departed fro Burdeux / & rested not tyll 4 he 
cam to Coleyn on y e ryne, ther he taryed .ii. dayes to 28 
refresshe him, & on 5 y* .iii. day he armed him* & 
called his company before him, & said, 1 syrs, I wyl 
take leue of you al, for none of you shal go with me. be 
nothinge abasshed / for he that alwayes hath saued me 32 

i FoUlxviii. eol. 1. 

« vntill. 

* at. 

6 vpon. 

8 Fol. Ixviii. col. 2. 
• selfe. 

Digitized by 




out of all perelles wyll not forsake me at thw tynie ' / 

when his men herde him they had grete meruayle / 

tJiat he wolde take his vyage alone, & he said to 1 them, 

4 * syrs, haue no doute of me that 2 I shal 8 dye tyll 4 myn 

houre be come ' / they of Coleyn enquyred nothynge of 

theyr estate, for as then there was no warre, & they Huon't men-at- 
arms marvel at 

byleued that they wolde go to the tourney / when his hie reeoive. 
8 lordes saw he wold 5 go alone, 5 they were sory that he 
wold go to the tourney alone, and sayd one to another, 

* we fere gretly he shall neuer returne agayne / & we 
shall neuer haue suche another mayster agayne ' / ' syrs/ 

12 quod Huon, 'ye shall not nede to take ony sorowe 
for me / for certaynly I knowe well yf ony peryllous 
besynes sholde come to me, that I shold be ayded by Huon pate vain 

trust fn king 

kyng Oberon ' / but he neded not to haue sayd so, for oberon. 

16 when kyng Oberon departed fro him, he bad him not 
to trust vpon ony ayde fro hi?n, & therfore Huon was a 
fole, & yll aduysed to truste theron, or to vndertake so 
peryllous an enterpryce as he dyde, wherby he was in 

20 grete peryll of dethe, as ye shall here 6 after. 

U When Huon was redy he lepte on 7 his horse 
without ony styrrop, clene armed as he was, & after 
stretched him so in his styrropes that y e lethers 

24 streyned out thre fyngers ; he was apusaunte knyght, 
armed or vnarmed, & gretly to be fered / he toke leue 
* of his men & left them wepynge in y* 8 cite of Coleyn / 
then he rode towardes y e cite 9 of Mayence ; 10 so longe The knight rides 

28 he rode that he had a syght of the cyte, & then he sawe ° n * Mayenc *' 
aboute in the medow many tentes & ryche pauylyons, 
pyght vp with pomelles of fyne golde shynyng agaynst 
the sonne / Huon behelde them well, & so passed forth 

32 & entred in to the cite, where as he sawe euery strete full 
of knyghtes & squyers abydynge 11 y* daye of 12 turney 

1 vnto. 2 for. 8 not 4 vntill. thus depart 

• here. 7 vpon. 8 that 9 Fol. lxviii. baok, col 1. 

10 and. 11 there vntill. - 2 the. 



|Ca. xcL 

and arrives at the Huon passed forth tyl 1 he came to y* palays, where as 
^^rorandwt he fouwde themperour & his nephew raoul, whom Huon 
•uy!ng. ar * loued hut lytel, as he shewyd wel shortly after, as ye 
shal here / when Huon was come before the palays he 4 
sawe themperour & Raoull his nephew goynge vp y* 
stayres, then Huon met vrith a gret almayn, & sayd to 
him, ' frende, I pray tliee shew me what be yonder 
two prynces that goth vp y e stayres, & that so moch 8 
honour is done to them.' / 4 sir/ qiiod he, 4 y e fyrst is 
themperour, & he that foloweth is his nephew, duke 
Raoull / he was sone to themperours brother / the turney 
that shall be made is done for the loue of him, & at his 12 
Dukeiuoui.he request, & after the tourney he thynketh to mary a 

learns, is looking 

forward to grete lady, whose name shall not be knowen tyll the 
greaUady!° me turney be done ' / when Huon herde that he blusshed in 

the face for the gret yre that he was in, for he knew 16 
Huon know* of wel that Raoull, if he coude fynde y e meanes, 2 he wyll* 

his design on his, . , . , . _ . 

wife, haue fro him his wyfe the fayre Esclaramonde / but 

he promysed in his mynde that fyrst he shoide derely 
by her / * frende,' quod Huon, 4 1 desyre you 8 do so 20 
moche for me as to holde my horse tyl 1 I returne 
and enters the agayne out of the hal, & that I haue spoken with y* 
hail of the palace. em p erour ^ j^es j « syr,' quod the squyer 

with a good wyll, 4 1 shall here holde your hors tyll 1 ye 24 
come ' / now god ayde Huon, for or 4 he myght retourne 
he was in grete peryll of deth, as ye shall here. 

% How Huon slew duke Raoul in the 
presence of themperour syttyng at his 28 
table / and of the meruayles 5 that he dyd, 
& how in the chase that was made after 
him he strake downe themperour and wanne 
his good horse. Capitulo lxxxxi. 32 

1 vntill. would. 8 to. * ere. 

6 Fol. lxviii. back, col. 2. 

Digitized by 

Goo gle 

Ca, xcl] of huon's appeal to the emperor. 287 

Uon, who was full of yre & dys- 
pleswre, went vp in to the palays & 
came in to y e hall, where as he founde 
moche 1 peple; there was themperour, 
who had 2 wasshed his hande*, & 
was set at the table / Hnon preased 
forth before the table with his swerde in his hande, & 
8 sayd, ' noble emperoure, I coniure the by y* grete vertu Hnon lays his 

case before 

deuyne, & by your 3 parte of paradyce, & 4 that your the Emperor, 
soule 5 to be dampned yf case be that ye say not the auname*. 
trouth & gyue trewe iugemewt with out falshode, nor 

12 to spare to say the trouth for no man lyuynge, though 
he be your nere 6 parent ' / ' frende,' quod themperour, 
'say your pleasure, & I shall answere you* / 'str/ 
quod. Huon, 'yf ye had 7 weddyd a lady, & loue her 

1 6 derely, & that she be fay re / good / swete / & sage / & 
replete with all good vertues / & that ye knowe surely 
that she loueth you entyrely as a good true wyfe ought 
to loue her lord & husbowde, & the/* a traytoure 

20 pryuely to purchase your dethe for loue of your wyfe / 
& yf by aduenture after ye fynde him in y e felde / 
or in towne, medowe / or wood / in palays / or in hall, 
& that ye myght accowplysshe your thought & your 

24 desyre agaynst the same tray tour who dyd purchase 
the sayd treason agaynst you / I demaunde then of you 
yf ye wolde slee hiw* or not?' / ' frende,' quod The Emperor 
themperour, ' ye haue coniured me ; I shall answere you traitoTpunrain^ 

28 to the trouthe / not for y e valewe of x cytes I wyll not lo^Andi^ 7 
lye / 8 knowe for trouth yf I had a wyfe, such 9 one as SuS> 
ye speke of / adorned with such fayre vertues, 10 wherof S^en! 1 
there be many suche / how be it, yf I had suche one as may 1)6 found ' 

32 ye resyte, & that I knewe surely that she loued me 
enterly / then 11 yf I knewe any man lyuynge that wolde 

1 many. a newly. 3 hopefull. 4 or. 6 is. 
6 neerest 7 haue. 8 therefore. 9 a. 10 and. 
11 Fol. lxviii. col. 1 (this should be lxix, Ixviii repeated). 

Digitized by 



[Ca, xcL 

Huon then 
accuses Raoul of 
working aril 
against him and 
his wife, 

and drawing his 
sword, cuts off 
Raoul's head. 

purchase me suche a treason / thoughe he were my nere 
parent, yf I myght fynde him, in what soeuer place it 
were 1 in 1 , and though I shold be slayne in the quarell, 
there shold nother 2 chyrche, 8 aultre, 1 nor crucyfyx 1 4 
that aholde saue his lyfe / but that with my two handes 
I shold slee him ; and also my herte sholde serue me 
further / that after I hadde slayne hym / I wolde 
drawe out his herte out of his body, and ete it for 8 
dyspyte.' When Huon herde the emperour, he sayd / 
'o, ryght noble and vertuous emperoure / iust and 
trewe iugement ye haue gyuen / the which I repeale 
not / but I shall shewe you what hath moued me to 12 
demaunde of you this iugement / yf suche a case sholde 
a* fallen to 5 you / and, syr, to y e entent that ye shall 
know y e trouth what hath me moued tjius to do / 1 syr, 1 
ye may se here before you he that wolde do* lyke case 16 
agaynst me, which is your neuewe Raoul / who hath 
purchased my deth lyke a cruell and a false traytoure, 
to the entent to haue Esclaramonde my wyfe, and all 
myne herytages / the iugement that ye haue gyuen is 20 
iust and trewe / ye shall neuer be blamed in any 
courte / but ye shall therm be named a noble pry nee / 
and therfore, syr, 7 1 haue founde 7 so nere me 1 he 1 that 
purchase th 8 my dethe & shame / I sholde neuer be 24 
worthy to appere in any prynces courte without I were 
reuenged of hym / and I had rather dye then to forbere 
him any lenger ' / ther with he drew his swerde / 9 when 
Raoull sawe the clerenes of the swerde he was a frayde, 28 
bycause he was vnarmed / how be it, he thought that 
Huon wolde not haue ben so hardy as to do hym any 
hurte in the presence of his vncle the emperoure ; but 
when he sawe that Huon dyde lyft vp his swerde to 32 
stryke hym, he was in greate fere, and nedde to the 
Emperoure to saue his lyfe / but Huon parceyued hym 

*— 1 omitted. 2 be. 8 nor. 
• in. 7-7 hairing found him. 

* haue. 
• for. 

6 vnto. 
• and. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xci.] of huon's fight in the palace. 


so quyc x kely that he strake hym with a reuerse* in 
sache wyse that he strake of his heed from his sholders, 
and the body fell downe before the Emperoure / and 

4 the heed fell on 8 the table in the dysshe before the 
Emperoure, wherof he hadde great doloure / ' god gyue 
me good lucke/ quod Huon ; 1 this traytoure shall neuer 
be amourous of my wyfe, 4 I am sure ynough of hym.' 

8 The emperoure, who satte at the table, hadde grete The Emperor is 
sorowe at his herte when he sawe his neuewe deed seTh^n^hew ' 
before hym / then he cryed alowde and sayde, ' Syrs, ,lmin, 
ye my barons, loke that this kuyght scape you not ; I and bids his 

v . * ~ « guard* seize 

12 shall neuer ete nor drynke tyll 6 I se hym hanged. I Huon. 
sholde haue greate sorowe at my herte yf he sholde 

Huon vnderstode him wel, and fered hym but lytell / 

16 but with his swerde he layde on rounde aboute hym Huon is furious, 
and strake of armes, handes, and legges, so that there efeht or^emm 
was none so hardy that durst approche nere to hym ; he him. 1 * 1 ***** 01 
alewe so many that it was ferefull to beholde hym / 

20 within a shorte space he hadde slayne mo then eyght 
and twenty / and the emperoure was in suche fere that 
he wyst not how to saue himselfe for the grete 
nieruayles that he sawe Huon doo / he douted bycause 

24 he was vnarmed / and Huon cryed & sayd, i tray tours, 
I doute you nothynge.' then on all party es Almayns 
& Bauyers assay led Huon / but he defended hym 6 by 
suche force and puyssaunce, that by the murder that 

28 he made the bloode ranne vpon y* pauement lyke a 

Huon, who sawe well that he coulde not longe endure 
32 without 7 paryll of dethe / strykynge with his swerde 
rounde aboute hym / he withdrewe backe downe the 
stayres of the palayes, and none durst approche nere 
* Fol. lxviii. col. 2. 2 stroke. s vpon. 4 for now. 

* vntill. 


6 himself. 

* great. 





2L. XC1. 

A ooasln of 
Raoul challenge* 
him on leaving 
the palace. 

They fight 
together fiercely, 

but the German 
fiUU from his 
•addle, and ie 

Huon is beset on 
ail sides. 

and does marvels 
with bis sword. 

him bycause they were vnaraed, and for feere of him. 
Huon, by his hye prowes for al his 1 enemy es, came to 2 
his horse and mountyd on 3 hym, and so yssued out / 
and there was a knyght called Galeram, who was cosyn 4 
germayn to duke Raoul, and he was clene armed and 
mounted on a good horse / and he folowed Huon, and 
sayde, <4 horeson and thefe, 4 thou hast slayn duke 
Raoull, my cosyn; without thou tourne to 2 me I shall 8 
stryke the behynde.' "When Huon herde hym he sware 
he had rather dye then to refuse too tourne too 2 hym / 
800 5 he tourned, and they couched theyr speres / and 
mette so fyersly togider that they gaue eche other 12 
meruaylou8 6 strokes / Galerames spere brake all to 
peces / and Huon, who had employed all his force and 
vertu, strake Galeram on 8 the ahelde with his spere / 
the whiche was bygge and stronge / soo that Galeram 16 
fell out of the 7 sadle so rudely that in the fall he brake 
his necke, and so lay deed on 3 the erth ; & Huon, who 
thought he had not ben deed, returned agayne to hym / 
but when he sawe that he stered not / he departed 20 
thense / but he taryed very longe / for he sawe well 
he was closed in rounde aboute, and sawe wel without 
god had pyte of hym he was not lyke to scape without 
deth or taken prysoner / they cast on hym dartes and 24 
swerdes; one with a sharpe swerde cam to 2 hym and 
gaue hym a grete stroke / but his 8 harneys 8 saued his 
lyfe, for all the strokes that he 9 receyued he neuer 
remoued out of his sadelL Whan Huon saw in what 28 
daiwger he was in 10 / he called vpon oure 11 lorde god, 
humbly prayenge hym to delyuer hym out of that 
paryll / with his swerde he dyde meruayles / he slewe 
and claue hedes to the brayne ; 12 he semed rather a 32 

1 Fol. lxviii. back, col. 1. 
-* Abide, Villaine. 6 then. 
8—« good armour. 9 had. 

" the. m that. 

2 TO tO. 8 

6 great. 

* his. 
10 omitted. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xci.] of huon's marvellous prowess. 


spyryte of hell then a man, for he that had sene hym 
wolde haue sayde that he had ben noo mortall man / he 
sawe passe by hym a knyght of Almayne / called syr 
4 Hans Sperguer / as he passed by / Hxxon gaue hym 
suche a stroke that he claue hym 1 to the gyrdell, wherof 
the Almaynes were so abasshed that none durst 
approche nere to hym, they fered him so 2 sore. Alas 
8 that his men at Coleyne had not knowe;* what case he 
was in / they were to 3 farre of / Hnon, who fared lyke He attacks hu 
a wylde boore ; he layde on rounde aboute hym so that wli™boar, ° * 
his swerde was all bloody of y e men that he had slayne 

12 and maymed / they cast dartes at him, so that at last 

his horse was slayne vnder hym, wher of he was sorow- but his home 
full ; how be it, lyke a coragyous knyght, with his him. 
swerde he 4 foughte valyauntly with his enemy es / ft he 

16 sa we where the erle of Seyne com to hym to haue 
stryken hym with his swerde, but Huon mette with 2 
hym so hastly that he had no layser to stryke hym, 
and Huon gaue hym suche a stroke that his heluie 

20 coulde not saue his lyfe / for Huons swerde entred in 
to his brayne, and so fell downe deed amonge the horse 
fete / Huon, who was quycke and experte, toke the deed He soon obtains 
knyghtes horse and lept vpon hym / and when he sawe ° e 

24 that he was new horsed agayne he was ioyfull, and 

then he was able to departe in the spyte of all 2 his and rides away, 
enemies / but themperour, who had gret sorow at his 
herte for the deth of his neuew Kaoull, made grete 

28 haste after Huon with .x. thousande men with hym, The Emperor 

pursues with ten 

and so came fro Mayence 6 on the sporres, desyryng to thousand men. 

ouertake Huon / and so rode on before his men, for his 

horse was so good that he wold rynne as fast as a and follows as 

fast as a bird 

32 byrde coude flye / in al y e world there was no horse mes. 
lyke to 2 hym / the emperoure on this hor3o folowed 
Huon / & as he rode he sawe all the waye deed men lye 

1 Fol. lxviii. back, col. 2. a omitted. 8 so. 
4 still. 6 and. 8 all. 

U 2 

Digitized by 


292 HUON OF burdeux. [Ca. xci 

Huon it that Huon had siayne / he sporred his horse that anone 


he oner toke Huon, and sayd / ' thou traytoure, tourne 
and the Emperor thy shelde towardes me, or elles my spere shall go 

rows hi. death. J 

through thy body, for y e sorowe that lyeth at my herte 4 
for loue of my neuewe, whom thou hast siayne, con- 
strayneth me to make hast to be reuenged 1 vpon 2 thee, 
nor I shal neuer haue ioy at my hert tyl 8 I haue siayne 
the / moche it greueth me that I am constrayned to 8 
slee the with my spere, for I had rather hange the.' 
When Huon herde themperour, who was so nere hym, 
and saw howe he was mounted on so good a horse / he 
called vpon our lorde god, and desyred hym of hys 12 
grace to ayde hym to conquere that horse / and when 
he sawe that the emperour was farre before his men / 
The knight turns he tourned his horse heed towardes the emperoure, 
enemy! hU and couched his spere / and the emperour came agaynst 16 
hym lyke the tempest / and they mette togyder so 
rudely that theyr sheldes* were persed, so that the 
emperours spere brake all to shyuers / and Huons spere, 
which 5 was 6 rude and stronge, 7 strake the emperour 20 
The Emperor u with suche puyssauwce that he was strykea fro his 

stricken to earth, 1,-1 

horse to the ertn sore astonyed, so that he wyst not 
where he was / and Huon, who had greate desyre to 
haue the emperours horse, alyghtyd quyckely fro his 24 
and Huon, seizing owne horse, and toke the emperours horse and mounted 
takes to flight.' on hym, and was therof ryght ioyous / then he sayde 
to hymselfe that he douted not them all / he strake the 
good horse with the sporres, and founde hym quycke 28 
and lyght vnder hym / then he lefte the emperoure 
lyenge on the erth, and 8 was not* contente that he was 
The Germans 800 soone socoured / for yf the Almaynes hadde not 
sorereign like to quyckely come Huon had siayne him / 10 when the 32 


Almayns cam to theyr lord, and founde hym lyeng on 

1 Fol. Ixix. col. 1. 8 of. 8 vntill. 4 speares. 

6 omitted. 6 so. 7 that he. 8 who. 
9 a little. 10 but 

Digitized by 

Ca. xciL] OP the emperor's threat. 


the erth, they beleued 1 he had ben deed / they began 

to make grete sorow, and the emperour, who was come bat he mires, 

agayne to hym selfe, sayde / ' syrs, thanked be god I 

4 fele no hurte but I maye well ryde / but I haue grete 
sorowe at my herte that Huon hath thus ledde awaye and grieves for 
my good horse, and is scaped awaye, and also hathe hone, 
slayne my two neuewes / but, syrs, I counsell you 

8 that none folowe hym, for it shall be but a loste Hyme 
for the good horse that is vnder hym, and he that is on 
hym is 3 valyaunt in armes / 4 he is gretely to be douted / 
therfore I counsell let vs retourne backe agayne / for 
12 we may lose more thew we shall wynne / but by the The Emperor 

declares that 

grace of god, or 5 it be thre monethes past, I shall within three 
assemble suche a nombre of men that the valays and win be in his 
mountaynes shall be full of men / then wyll I goo to 
16 the cyte of Burdeux, and wyll not departe thens tyll I 
haue wonne it, and yf I may gette Huon I shall make 
hym dye of an yll 6 deth, & shall take and wast all 
his londes.' 

20 % How Huon, after 7 he was mounted on 8 the 
emperours good horse, he aryued at Coleyne, 
where as 9 he founde his men, and how he 
departyd thense / and of the emperoure 

24 who lay 10 in a busshement 10 in a wode, 
abydynge 11 to haue slayne Huon. 

Capitulo .lxxxii. [= xcii.] 

1 verily. 2 Fol lxix. col. 2. 8 so. * that. 
8 ere. • euill. T that 8 vpon. • omitted. 
10-10 enambuahed n there. 

Digitized by 


294 HUON OF burdeux. [Ca. xciL 

Hus as ye haue herde, Huon departed 
with y e emperours good horse and lefte 
the emporour lyenge on the erth, who 
commauwded his harons to returne 4 
backe & not to folowe Huon any 
further / ther with there cam to the 
emperour a knyght called Goduw, he was home at 
a knight proposes Norembrege, & he sayde / *syr, yf ye wyll beleue me 8 

that an ambush _ 

■hau be prepared & do after my counsell ye shall do otherwyse / ye shall 
near cologne, retouxne to Mayence this ni^ht & ordayne foure C 1 of 
suche me?i as ye haue here / & sende them with in two 
legees of Coleyn, on y e hye way in to Fraunce, & there 12 
ye shall fynde a lytell wood, 2 and there letto them lye 
3 in a hus8hemente 8 tyll Huon passe by them / for I 
knowe well he wyll go strayte to Coleyne this nyght, & 
lodge in a frenche mans house that dwelleth there / 16 
and in the mornynge surely he wyll departe thens and 
so passe by the said busshement, so that it shall not be 
and that Huon be possyble to saue hym selfe alone / but other he shalbe 

there slain on Ids 

journey. slayne or taken.' When the emperoure herde Godun, 20 

The Emperor he sayde / 4 8yr, ye haue gyuen me good counsell, and 

rejoices In tills 

counsel, this is lykely to be done / but it were conuenyent to 

sende mo then foure thousande / for the grete desyre 
that I haue to gete hym in to my handes constreyneth 24 
me to cause hym to be taken, to the entent to be 

and declares that reuenged of hym / therfore I wolde go myselfe and 

he, with ten . . 

thousand men, take with me x thousande men, and shall goo and lye 

in the place that ye haue apoynted / for I shall neuer 28 
haue parfyte ioye at my herte as longe as Huon is 
alyue / for he hath caused moch sorowe at my herte for 
the deth of my two neuewes, whom so pyteously he 
hath slayne. let vs take oure waye a 4 two legees besyde 32 
Coleyne, nerer we wyll not approche, too the entent 
that our comynge be not knowen ' / then he chase out 

1 Thousand. * Fol. Ixix. back, col. 1. 
*-* enambushed. 4 about 

will carry out the 

Digitized by 

Ca. xcii.] how the emperor lays an ambush. 


.x. thousande of the moost valyauntes men in his 
company, & the rest he sent backe to Mayence. Thus 
the emperour rode forth and rode so longe that daye & The Emperor 

reaches the little 

4 nyghte / that an houre, or it was daye, he came to the wood new 

Cologne, and lies 

said wode, & there layde his busshement. 1 And Huon in ambush. 

rode 2 after he was departed fro themperour that late in 

the euenynge he came to Coleyne, wher as he was Huon meets his 

companions again 

8 receyued of his men with grete ioye / then Gerames at cologne, 
said, ' syr, I requyre you shewe vs of your aduentures * / 
then Huon shewed them euery thynge, & the maner and teUs them hu 

adven tores. 

how he had slayn duke Raoull, & how he departed fro 

12 Mayence, & how he was pursued / and how he wanne 
thefftperoura good horse / then 3 Gerames & all the other 
had gret ioye, and 4 thanked god of his fayre aduenture, 
& had grete meruayle howe he scaped / but they knewe 

16 nothynge what the emperour was aboute to do, nor that 
he was in the woode abydynge 6 for Huon / that nyght 
Huon and his company were at Coleyne makynge good 
chere / 6 the nexte mornynge they herd masse 7 / then The following 

20 they mounted on theyr horses and yssued out of the wuh^thfr^n"' 
towne ; they were to y e nombre of .xiii. M. hardy fyght- tawtne dtj*. 
ynge men. and, when they were out in the feldes, Huon, 
lyke a good man of warre, sayd / 1 syrs, I desyre you 

24 let vs kepe togyther and ryde lyke men of warre, to the 
entent that we be not sodeynly taken ; ' and so they 
dyde / the daye was fayre & clere ; they myght well be 
parceyued a farre of / as they were by the emperour of 

28 Almain, who lay 8 in a busshement 8 for Huon. the 

emperoure spyed them fyrst, and sayd to his company / The Emperor sees 

them from afar 

'syrs, yonder* I se moche 10 people comynge 11 to vs approaching the 
warde 11 / they seme 12 men well experte in armes ; neuer wood ' 
32 byleue me but they be frenche men, and he that is theyr 

1 ambush. 2 bo. 8 wberat. 4 Fol. lxix. back, col. 2. 
6 there. 6 and. 7 seruice. *— 8 enambushed. 

9 a farre off. 10 many. n ~ li towarde va. 
12 vnto me. 

Digitized by 



[Ca, xciii. 

and marvels at captayne is Huon of Burdeux / he is not come hy ther 

the number of , , 

armed men. lyke a small parsonage, but he is hyghly accompanyed 
lyke a grete and a myghty prynce. I se well he is 
valyaunt by that he hathe doone ; he is so noble and 4 
hardy that none may be compared to hym. ye haue 
well sene howe that he all alone came in to my palayea, 
and there slewe my neuewe duke Raoull, wher with my 

He fean to do herte is in grete dyspleasure / he is gretely to be 8 

battle with Huon 

and hie troope, douted, for without god helpe vs we shall haue ynoughe 
to doo with hym / wolde to god that he and I were at 
accordement & agreed / for he is so noble and so 
valyaunt that he f ereth no man / ye haue well sene syn 1 2 
he departed fro Mayence he hathe slayne mo then .xl. 
of my men, and hath borne me to the erthe / and he 
hath taken fro me my good horse, wherby he maye be 
well assured that there is no man shall take hym yf he 16 
1 be on* his backe / how be it, we must set on 2 hym, 
for my herte shall neuer be in ease as long as he lyueth / 

but org* hiiown therfore, strs, I desyre you euery man this day shewe 

men to bear 

themteires the loue that ye bere to 8 me & the saue garde of youre 20 
lyues / for to flye away auayleth not / therfore, syrs, 
set on togyther, and do so that we may haue the fyrst 
crye.' 4 

f Of the gret batayle within two legees of 24 
Coleyne bytwene the emperour of Almayn 
& Huon of Burdeux, & of the trewes that 
was taken bytwene them. 

Ca. .lxxxiii. [= xciii.] 28 

1 Fol. lxx. col. 1. * vppon. 3 vnto. 4 aduantage. 

Digitized by 

Ga. xciii.] how huon's men do battle with the emperor. 297 

and on the spere poyntes, wherby he parceyued clerely 2 
8 that ther was moch people hyden in the wood / he 
shewed them to 8 Gerames and to his other company / 
and sayd, 1 syrs, be in a suerte that without batayle we and prepare hu 

army for battle. 

can not scape / here is themperour who lyeth in awayte 
1 2 for vs. I desyre you let vs do so that he shall haue no 
cause too make ony auaunt of vs / yonder ye may se 
them how they set them selfe in ordre to abyde vs, 
therfore let vs quyckly set on them ' / & soo they dyd 
16 in suche wyse that with 4 rynnyng of theyr horses y* 
erth trymbled, & the sonne lost his lyght by reason of 
the pouder that rose vp in to the ayre on 5 both partes / 
Huon, who ranne before on his pusaunt horse / behelde 
20 Godun, who was formost of 6 his company ; he ranne at Huon made the 

first onset, and 

hym with a strong spere, so that he ran hyra clene §iew manj vaiiar 
through the body so that he fel downe deed 7 to the 
erth / & with the same spere Huon met Crassyn 

24 polynger who bare themperours baner / Huon strake him 
so fyersly that he bare horse & man & baner al to the 
erth, 8 wherof the almayns and Bauyers were sorowfull / 
Huon dyde soo moche or 9 his spere was broken that he 

28 fyrst bare fyue to the erth so that they hadde no power 
after to releue them selfe / ther were many speres 
broken, and many a knyghte borne to the erth that 1 
there dyed among y* hors fete / for the father coude 

32 not helpe the sone / nor the sone coude not helpe the 
father / and many an horse ranne a brode in the felde 

Yon, who rode before his barons 
deuysynge with olde Gerames, re- 
garded on his ryght hande towardes 

the lytel wood; 1 he sawe in the Huon perceives 

his foemen in the 

wood grete clerenesse by reason of wood, 

the sonne shynynge on the helmes 

* and. 
4 the very. 

2 plainly. 

6 from. 
8 ground. 

8 Fol. hex. col. 2. 

6 in. 7 omitted. 

9 ere. 

298 huon op burdeux. [Ca. xciii. 

and theyr maysters lyeng deed in the bloode and myre. 
Huon, who rode aboute in the batayle sleynge and 
woundynge his enemyes, behelde on his ryghte syde 
Th# E«ri Savwjr and sawe the erle Sauary sleyng many of them of 4 

works much 

haroc among the Burdeux. 'A, good lorde/ quod Huon, 'yf yonder 
knyght reygne longe / he shall do me grete domage.' 
Then he rode to hym / & gaue hym suche a stroke 

but Huon gives with his swerde so that he strake of his shulder and 8 

him a fatal 

wound. arme so rudely that it fell vpon the erthe /.so that for 

the greate payne that the erle Sauary endured he fell 
from his horse / 1 & there was slayne amonge the hors 
feete, wherof themperour, who was therby, was 2 ryght 1 2 
8orowfull when he saw another of his nephewes slayn / 

Huonand the & sayd, 'a, Huon, of god be thou cursed, syn thou hast 

Emperor meet on , . 

the field of battle, taken 3 so many of my frendes ; I shall neuer haue loye 

in my hert tyl I haue the in my handes to hange the* / 16 
and wtteriy * syr/ quod Huon, * or 4 ye haue taken me, ye are lyke to 

reproach each 

lese mo of your frendes, & beware of your selfe that ye 
come not in 5 my handes / by youre nephewe Eaoull ye 
haue all this domage, who by his falsenes thoughte to 20 
haue betrayed me & to haue had my wyfe / yf I haue 
slayne your nephewes and your men, I haue done it in 
defendyng myn owne body ; I say to you yf ye be not 
wel ware of me I shall brynge you to that poynt that 24 
it shall be harde for you to be caryed awaye in a lytter.' 
'Huon,' quod the emperoure, 'the grete hate that I 
haue to the for the dethe of my nephewes, 6 wherby I 6 
fele suche 7 doloure at my herte that I had rather dye 28 
then that I sholde not be reuenged of the / therfore 
beware 8 of me, for I shall nother ete nor drynke tyll I 
haue the other quycke or deed ' / then they two wente 
backe to take theyr course togyther / but or 4 they met 32 
y* almayns came rynnynge thyther for* fere that they 
hadde of lesynge of 2 theyr emperoure / and on the other 

1 Fol. lxx. back, col. 1. 2 omitted. 8 slaine. 4 ere. 
6 to. makes me. 7 much. 8 thou. 9 the. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xciiL] how the burghers op cologne arm themselves. 299 

parte came thyther y e olde Geramcs, who fought so OMGernme* 
fyersly that whom soo euer he strake with a full stroke youUifui vigour, 
hadde no nede of ony surgyon ; and his company fayled 
4 not for theyr partes / and Huon with his good swerde 
opened the thycke prese, soo that the almayns 1 douted 
hym. Huon with his noble chyualry caused his enemyes 
to recule backe halfe a bowe shotte / then there was a 
8 knyght of almayn sawe well that without some remedy a German, in 
were founde / the emperour & his company were lyke Emperor's safety, 
to be slayne ; he went out of the batayle as preuely as 
coude, and ronne on y* sporres & rested not 2 tyll he cam 

12 to Coleyne/then 3 incontynent he rode to the prouostes goes to the 
house, & founde him in his house newly come fro cotog^°and begs 
masse / then y e knight sayd to him / ' syr prouost, yf b^hers. th * 
euer ye wyll se the emperour a lyue, cause the coraons 

16 of this cyte to be armed, & come, & socoure themperour 
hastely / for when I cam from hym he had gret nede of 
ayde / ther is Huon of Burdeux, who hath slayn thre of 
his nephewes, & this other day he was lodged in this 

20 cite, the emperour knoweth well yo knewe nothynge 
therof / for Huon had lodged his men in the suburbes, 
& in other lytell houses, bycause he wolde not be 
perceyued / syr prouost, make hast in this besynes 1 / 

24 when the prouost herd what daunger themperoure was 

in, he sowned 4 the watch belle & made to be cryed in The watch beu 

at Cologne Is 

euery strete that euery man that was able to here her- sounded. 
neys 6 sholde arme them / & to 6 go out in to the felde 
28 to socoure themperoure, who was in grete daunger of 
his lyfe / when the burgesses of the towne herde that 
crye euery man armed them as well as they coude / some The burgher, arm 

' In haste and leave 

were harneysed behynde, & some in a Jacke all smoked, the city, twenty 

thousand strong. 

32 and with staues & other wepens / what a fote & a 
horse backe, there went out of y e cyte a 6 .xx.M. men / 
yf ye had sene y* horsemen, ye wolde haue laughed at 

1 greatly. * Fol. lxx. back, col. 2. 3 where. 

4 sounded. 

* armes. 

6 omitted. 



[Ca. xciii. 

Very rude i» th«ir 

The Emperor, 
•fter losing 
nearly all his mei 
In the battle, 

eeek* oat Huon, 

and challenges 


The duel begins. 

The Emperor Is 
Hang heavily to 
the earth, and 
lies In a swoon. 

them, for it semed they were set a 1 horse backe in 
dyspyte / there was neuer sene so rude 2 & foule a 
sorte 2 / it was no meruayle / for they 8 hadde not ben 3 
accustomed to ryde in harneys / the prouost rode 4 4 
before, and exorted theym to do theyr deuours, so they 
toke the 6 way to come to the batayle, where as Huon & 
his company dyde parte of theyr wylles. 6 the emperour 
seynge that he began to lese his men and place, he rode 8 
serchyng in the batayle for duke Huon / where as he 
founde by aduenture Huon, who had 7 newly slayn 8 the 
Emperoures seneschall. When that the Emperoure 
sawe hyra slayne, he was ryght sorowful, & in 9 grete 12 
rage, then 10 cryed to 11 Huon, and said / 'ihou knyghte 
that neuer arte satysfyed to shedde the bloode of my 
men to abate my lygnage and force, I pray the turne thy 
shelde to 12 me, for yf thou knewest the grete hate that 16 
I u haue to 18 the thou woldest neuer appere before me.' 
• Syr/ quod Huon, ' 1 14 haue grete 14 meruayle that ye so 
sore hate me & haue taryed so long 16 to be reuenged 15 / 
therfore, 14 sir, 14 beware 14 of me 14 / for yf I may 16 I 20 
shal 17 sende you after your nephewes, whom ye say that 
ye loue so wel ' / they toke their cours with grete & rude 
speres / & so cam togyther lyke y* tempest, & met so 
rudely that y* buckles of theyr harneys 18 al to brast ; 19 24 
themperoure spere brake all too peces / but Huons 
spere was bygge & rude 20 / 21 he strake the emperour 
therwith 14 by 22 such pusaunce that the 23 spere ranne 
through his shoulder / so that themperoure fell to the 28 
erth so rudely that with the fall he brake the bone of 
his thygh / wherby he was in suche doloure that he 
sowned / and when Huon sawe hym lye on the grounde 

1 on. 2—2 a company. *— 8 were not 4 went 
6 their. • and. T then. 8 by aduenture. 9 a. 10 he. 
11 Fol. lxxii. col. 1 (this should be lxxi, which U omitted), 
vnto. l3 - 13 beare. l4 ~ 14 omitted. 15-15 for reueng 

12 vnto. 
16 can, 

13 - u beare. 14 ~ 14 omitted. 
w will. 18 Armour. w and. 
81 aud therewith, » with. 28 his. 

.__ reuenge. 
20 stronge. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xciii] op the emperor's danger. 


he cam to hym with his swerde in his hande, and 
had 1 slayne him yf he had not ben socoured / but 
there came so many almayns, that whether Huon wolde 

Huon would have 
■lain the 

Emperor, had not 
the Germans oome 
to his aid. 

4 or not, they toke 2 and bare 3 the emperoure 8 out of the 
felde, & layde hym in the wode, & 4 demaunded of him 
how he dyd / ' syrs,' quod he, * I am sore hurte / for 
my thygh is broken, wherby I endure 6 as moch doloure 
8 as 5 I can abyde / but 6 1 trust as for deth I shall scape 
by the grace of god * 6 / whew they herde that they were 7 
ioyfull / and said, 'syr, knowe for trouth 8 youre men 
are sore abasshed 9 / for they be so 10 opprest by Huon 

12 and his men / that we fere all your men shal 11 be 
slayne / we shall 11 go agayne to the batayle & leue some 
with you to 12 kepe your body' 12 / 'syrs,' 18 quod the 
emperour, 14 'your force nor your defence can 16 auayle 

16 you nothynge 16 agaynste Huon / nor agaynst his men. 

But I shall she we you what ye shall do / 17 sende quyckly The Emperor 
to Huon and desyre 18 of 18 hym in my name to 19 sease orHuon Ttrao? 
^fyghtynge, 20 and 18 desyre hym 18 that there maye be a forhalf 

20 truse hadde bytwene hym and me for the space of halfe 
a yere / 21 in that space I trust 21 to fynde some other 
treaty / 18 so 18 that he and I myghte be frendes / and y f he 
refuse this, 22 I se none other remedy but that we shall 

24 be all slayne or taken, and then he wyll cause me to dye 
in some 23 pryson.' 4 Syr,' quod his knyghtes, 1 we shall 
doo your commaundement / but we fere sore that we 
shall not be herde.' 'Syrs,' quod the emperoure, 'go 

28 to hym and do the best ye can.' Then they returned 
to y' batayle, where as they fou?ide there company redy 

1 would haue. 2 the Emperour. 3-3 him. 
4 then. 6 — 6 more greefe than. 
*-* but, as for death, I trust by the grace of god, I shall 
escape it. 

* all. 8 that. 9 discomfited. 10 sore. 11 will. 
12 — 12 looke vnto your Maiestie. 13 Well. 14 but 
15 cannot. 16 anything. 17 ye shall. 18 — 18 omitted. 

19 Fol. Ixxii. col. 2. 2 °- 20 slaying of my men. 
n - n for within that time I hope. 22 then. 23 noysoine. 



[Ca. xciii. 

to fle awaye / for they were nere all slayne and taken / 
Messengers «et the knyghtes fro themperoure came tc Huon and desyred 

out to beg the 

true* hym in the name of the emperoure that he wolde sease 

the batayle and 1 hlowe the retrcyte, 1 and they sholde 2 4 
do lykewyse in the same maner / and that there myght 
be a ferme truse bytwene them for halfe a yere / and 
in that season they trusted that some good wayes 
sholde 2 be founde that the emperoure and he myght be 8 
good frendes togyther. ' Syrs,' quod Huon / ' if the 
emperour your mayster hadde me in that daunger / 
that 3 he is in / he wolde not suffre me to scape a lyue 
Huon willingly for all y* golde in the worlde / how be it, I am content 1 2 
aroedw to the ^ e naue t ruse f or Ba if e a y G re / the which I shall 

surely kepe on my parte / and yf I be assayled I shall 
defende me / and yf so be that he come to Burdeux to 
assay le me / by the helpe of god and my good frendes, 16 
I shal doo the best that I can / But yf he wyll haue 
peace with me & pardon me his dyspleasure / for the 
dethe of his nephewes, I shall bo redy to make peace / 
and I shal make amendes for all wronges, though I was 20 
not the begynner/ Then Huon caused the retreyt to 
be blowen, 4 and in lykewyse so dyde the almayns 
who had therof grete ioye ; it came to them at a good 
But, h»d he poynt / for or 5 elles all hadde ben slayne or 6 folye 7 24 
murderowittack, when he had the ouer 8 hande 9 that he pursued not 10 
woiid nave°been h' s chase, for then he myghte haue hai an ende of 
wouid*havo been ^ ia ^ warre > an( l nother shelde nor spore more broken / 
Mure trouble. where as after many a man was slayne, and was the 28 
cause that the cyte of Burdeux was lost & the fayre 
Esclaramond taken & sette in pryson in the cyte 
of Mayence, and Huon suffred so moche payn and 
trouble / that no mortall man can shewe it / thus as ye 32 
haue herde Huon graunted the trewes, and soo bothe 

1-1 sound the treatie. 8 would. 8 which. 
* sounded. 6 omitted. 8 Fol. lxxii. back, col. 1. 
7 foyled. 8 vpper. 9 now. 10 still. 

Digitized by 




partes withdrewe / wherof tliemperour and his company 

were ryght ioyf all. Then Huon called his company / Haon t«ui his 

company how the 

and shewed Gerames and his lordes how he had trace la made. 

4 graunted trewes to the Emperour for halfe a yere / 'and 
therfore I charge you al not to breke the peace 1 / the 
Emperoure was glad when he herde it / for he knewe 
well that 1 he was 2 scaped a greato daunger. Then he 

8 charged all his men on payne of deth that they sholde 
not breke the trewes. ' And, syrs/ quod he, 4 1 pray 
you make redy a lytter that I myght 3 be caryed to 
Coleyne / for the payne that I fele in my legge causeth 
12 all my body to trymble / and when I come there 
I wyll tary tyll I be hole/ * Syr/ quod his lordes, 

* your commaundement shall be done ' / then they layde Th« Emperor is 

J . ' , , borne in a litter 

the Emperoure in a lytter, sore complaynynge the losse to Cologne. 

16 and dethe of his nephewes and lordes that were slayne, 
and his legge greued hym sore. Then Huon said 
to Gerames, 1 syr, thanked be god we haue vaynquysshed 
the Emperoure & slayne many of his men / therfore it 

20 is good that we now returne to Burdeux. I haue gret Huon longs to see 

° ° Esclaramonde 

desyre to se my wyfe Esclaramonde / who thynkethe 4 »s*in. 
longe for my comynge ; I am sure she is sorowf ull that 
I haue taryed thus 5 long/ * Syr/ quod Gerames, * yf ye 
24 haue grete desyre to returne, so hath all other of youre 
seruawtes; they wold gladly se theyr wyues and 
chyldren, and some to 6 se theyr louers/ 

7< fl How Huon grafted the trewes to the 
28 emperour, & how the prauost of Coleyne 
came and assayled Huon, not knowinge of 
ony peace taken. 

Capitulo .lxxxiiii. 8 [= xciv.] 

1 omitted. 1 had. 3 may. 4 thinking. * so. 

• would. T Fol. lxxii. back, col. 2. 8 Uxxxiiii in text. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xciv. 

Huon see* the 
barghers of 
Cologne ad- 
rancing towards 

and inspects the 

Emperor of 

The provost of 
Cologne exhorts 
the men to fight 

r Hen Huon vnderstode y e olde Gerames, 
he hadde grete ioy / then he sounded 
the trompettes with suche brute thai 
meruayle it was to here, and com- 4 
maunded euery man to set forwards 
towardes Burdeux. Then he behelde on his ryght 
hande and saw them of Coleyne comynge in 1 grete 
nombre / they were well a 2 twenty thousande bur- 8 
gesses and other / they came with baners dysplayde 
redy to fyght. When Huon sawe them, he had grete 
meruayle fro whens they sholde come so hastely. Then 
he sayde to his men / 'syrs, I parceyue clerely we be 12 
be tray de, for yf I had wold 3 the Emperour nor his 
men coude not haue scaped / he hath falsely betrayed 
me, syn vnder y* colour of Hrewes they 5 to set newly 
vpon me.' Thus Huon sayde by themperour without 16 
cause, for he knew no thynge thereof, nor that any 
socoures sholde haue come to hym. 'Syrs,' quod 
Huon, Mette vs rest here and tarye tyll they come 
nerer to vs / than let vs sette on them with suche hast 20 
that they shall not know what to do.' 'Syr/ quod 
his men, ' haue no dought we shall not fayle you for 
fere of any deth / we trust to slee so many that the 
erth shalbe couered with the deed bodyes of your 24 
enemyes ' / Huon ordred his batayle, and the prouost of 
Coleyne comfortyd his men, saynge, 'syrs, our em- 
perour is dyscomfytyd by Huon and his men, 6 who be 
yonder abydynge before vs / they wene 7 to departe in 28 
saue garde / but they haue no power so to do / for the 
moost parte of them are sore hurt, and there horses 
sore trauaylled, wherfore they shall the sooner be 
dyscomfytyd.' Than the prouost and his men ranne 32 
quyckely vpon Huon and his men / there began a feerse 
bataylle, wherin many a valyaunt man lay on the erth 

2 nere. 
6 come. 

3 pleased. 
6 companie. 

4 Fol. lxxiii. col. 1. 
7 thinke. 

Digitized by 



deed / and at the 1 fyrst brunt ther wer so many slayne Th««tuck \* 

made, and the 

that y' 2 felde was coueryd with deed & hurte 3 men; fight begins, 
sum were ouerthrowen without any hurte, 4 and yet 

4 they coude neuer asyse by cause of the 6 prese of the 
horses that ranne 6 ouer them. Huon, who was 1 full of 
yre by cause he 7 thought that vnder the coloure of trewes 
he was assaylled / he ran 8 at a knyght who had done 

8 9 gret domage* among his men ; it was he that went to 
Coleyne for that socoures / and Huon strake hym clene Huon »uyt the 

' ' knight who hnd 

throw the bodye with his spere, so that he fell downe summoned u.i* 

new army, 

deed to the erth. Than Huon cryed his crye to gader 10 
12 his men togyther / he layde on the ryght syde and on 

the lyf t / so that he cut of armes and legges, and rasyd and fights 

* . . Airioueljr. 

helmes fro y* hedes / he semyd rather a man of y* fayrye 
than a mortall man. But he had myche to do / for his 

1 6 men, who had fought all y* day, were sore trauaylled & 
wery; how 11 be it, they defendyd them selues ryght 
valyauntly, & they 13 slew so many of the comons of 
Coleyne that y e blode ran on the grounde in grete 

20 stremes / and themperowr, who was issued out of the The Emperor, 
wood in his lytter, whan he came in to the felde / he 
herde the brute & crye of the batayle, wherwith he hearing the noise, 

, , * m, « , i-iii . !• brought Into 

was sore abasshed. Than he demaundyd what noyse it the field, 
24 myght be. ' Syr,' quod a knyght, 4 it is the good 

prouost of Coleyne, who hath brought with him the * 

commons of the citie of Coleyne to ayde and socoure 

you.' ' Syr/ quod themperour, ' and he shal derely end i« very 

, „ . wrathful with the 

28 abye 18 it / how be it, I thynke he knoweth not of the provost of 
trewes that we haue taken with Huon / for and 14 1 knew Col °*™' 
that he was aduertesyd therof, I shode cause hym to 
dye an yll deth. Go to hym and cowmaunde hym that 

32 incontynent he goo to Huon too make amendes for his 

1 verie. 8 whole. 8 maimed. 4 at all. 
6 great. 6 did runne. 7 had. 8 fiercely. 
*- 9 verie great hurt. 10 call. 11 Fol. lxxiii. col. 2. 
12 omitted. 13 buy. 14 if. 



[Ca. xciv. 

trespas / and yf he wyll not do it I charge you incon- 
tynent 1 sle hym.' Whan themperour had made his 
commaundemewt to one of his knyghtes / he role as 
The provoit fast as he myght to the prouost, who was ryght sorow- 4 
his men meet full for that he hadde lost foure .M. of his comons, and 
with * the kuyght slayne that came to hym. Than themper- 

oun knyght sayd, 'Syr prouost, ye haue done ryght 
yll / syn 2 ye haue broken the trewes that was made 8 
betwen hym and Huon / yf the emperour may gette 
a knight, sent by you ye shall neuer se fayre day more / without incon- 

the Emperor, bids .t-i ■, * 

him make emends tynent ye go to Huon and dele so with hym that he 
breaking the be content, so that no reproche be layde to the em- 12 
truce. perour' / whan the prouost and his company herde 

themperours commaundement, they were sore abasshed, 
The provost, and reculed backe. And the prouost, who was in greto 
seeks out Huon, fere for that he had done / and desyrynge to accom- 16 
plysshe themperours commaundement, strake his horse 
with the sporres, and restyd not tyll he had founde out 
duke Huon. Than he lyghtyd a fote, and toke his 
sworde, and sayd, 'A, ryght noble and vertues prynce, I 20 
and begs him 8 desyre the, in the honour of Jesu Cryst, haue pyte of 4 
him, Sr'nT knew me, and pardon me the iniurye that I haue done 6 with- 
nought of the ^ ^ knowlege or lycence of themperour, who wyll 

cause me to dye a shamfull deth without ye pardone 24 
me / for all I knew not of y' trewes betwen you and 
y e emperour / for I thought he was 6 deed / syT, that 7 I 
haue done was to thentent to rescue my ryghtf ull lorde, 
and therby I haue lost this day moo then .iiii .M. 28 
burgesses and comons of the cyte of Coleyno, and y 6 
most parte of my best frendes, and therfore, syr, I pray 
you haue pyte of 4 me, elles themperour wyll sle me or 
set me in perpetuall pryson.' 32 

1 to. 1 seeing 8 Fol. Ixxiii. book, col. 1. 4 on. 
8 against you. • had beene. 7 which. 

Digitized by 



% How Huon aryued at Burdeux, and of the 
counsell of the iayre Esclaramonde his 
wyfe, the whiche he wolde not beleue nor 
folow. Capitulo lxxxxv. 

.Han Huon vnderstode y* prouost / he Huon has pity 

on the provost, 

had gret pyte, & thought that he 
ought lyghtly 1 to pardon hym, seynge 
that that he had done was in a iust 
cause, syn 2 he was not aduertesyd of 3 
trewes taken betwen themperour and hym. Than 
Huon aproched to the prouost, and sayd, ' frende, aryse 
12 vp, I pardon you; this trespas that ye haue done for and pardons him. 
your lorde is 4 reasonable / syn ye knew no thynge of y* 
trewes / ye haue done as a trew subjet ought to do to 
his lorde / 1 can not be angrye with you for it.' 6 Than 
16 the prouost toke leue of Huon, & retournyd to them- 
perour, who as than was nere to Coleyne / 6 Huon rode Hoon rides to 
forth towardes burdeux, and so on a Wednesday to 7 
dyner he entred in to Burdeux, where as he was 
20 receyued 8 with grete solempnyte of the Burgesses, & of 
all the clergye of y e cyte. Than he alyghtyd at his 
palays, where as he was by the duches Esclaramonde E*ciaramon^# 
well receyued with grete ioy, and she demaundyd of warmly?" 
24 hym yf he were hole and in good poynt 8 'Fayre 
ladye/ quod Huon, ' thanked be our lord god, I am in 
good helth.' 'Syr/ quod she, 'of your comynge I am 
ryght ioyous / & I desyre you to shew mo of your 
28 aduentures.' 4 Dame,' 10 quod Huon, 'know for trouthe and he relates 
I haue ben at Mayence, whereas I founde themperour, adventure*, 
and with hym was duke Eoaull his neuew, who had 
cryed 11 a tournay ; & bycause he was aduertesyd of my 
32 cowmynge, his entencyone was that yf he had founde me 

1 in reason. * and that 3 the. 4 but 6 the same. 
• and. 7 about. 8 Fol. Ixxiii. back, col. 2. 
8 estate. 10 Madame. 11 proclaimed. 

X 2 

Digitized by 



[Ca, xcv. 

Huon oontinnM there, He was 1 concludyd with his men to haue alayne 

his narration. 

me / but by the grace of god I haue done so myche, that 
in the presence of themperour his vncle, and before 2 
all them that were there present, I strake of his hede / 4 
by cause he made his auaunt that as soone as he had 
slayne me he wolde haue you to his wyfe / & also 2 all 
myn herytage / & whan I had slayne hym I departyd 
in hast fro 3 Mayence / and it was not longe after but 8 
that themperonr folowed me with all his men, mountyd 
vp on the good horse that ye haue sene, who is so good 
that I beleue surely there is not suche another in all 8 
the worlde / and themperour, who had grete desyre to 12 
reuenge the deth of his neuew duke Raoull, auaunsyd 
hym selfe a bowe shote before his cowpanye, and cryed 
after me with many iniuryous wordes. And whan I 
saw that he was far of fro his men I tournyd towardes 16 
hym, & ranne & bare hym to the erth / than I toke 
the good horse and mountyd on hym, and lete myne 
owne goo / and whan his men saw hym lyeng on the 
erthe, they feryd lest he had been deed / they assem- 20 
bled about hym, & tooke no hede to folow me, by cause 
they knew well it was but a folye to folow me, 4 syn 5 I 
was mountyd on themperoure good horse. Thus I de- 
partyd fro them, and went and lay all that nyght at 24 
Coleyne, wher as I founde my men whom I had left 
there whan I went to themperours courte all alone / 
the next day I departyd / but I was not gone farre 
out of Coleyne wban themperour and .x M. men met 28 
me in the way, where as they had lyene in a lytell 
wood in awayte for me. Than they ranne at me & at 
my men / there was a grete batayle on both partes, and 
many slayne & woundyd. But I dyd so myche by the 32 
grace of god & my good company / that I ouercame 
them, and I slew two of his neuewes, and I bare 

1 lmd. 1 omitted. 8 to. 4 Fol. lxxiiii. col. 1. 
6 seeing. 

Digitized by 



themperour to the erth / and whan he sawe that the 
losse of the batayle ran on his syde, he sent to me 
than a messenger to haue trewes for halfe a yere / 
4 the whiche I grauntyd bycause I thought I had done 
hym dysplesure ynough as in sleynge of thre of his 
neuwes. Thus we departyd, & as I 1 retournyd I met 
y e prouost of Coleyne, who brought with hym .xx M. 
8 men to haue rescued themperour, & so we fought 
togyther. But as soone as themperour was aduertysed 
therof / he sende & coramaundyd hym that he sholde 
no more fyght with me. Than the prouost came to me 

12 & cryed me mercy for that 2 he had done, excusynge 
hym selfe that he knew nothynge of y* trewes. Than 
we made to sounde the retrayte of both partes. 8 Thus 
we departyd without any moo strokes gyuynge, wherof 

16 I thanke god that I am thus scapyd.' 'Syr/ quod 
Esclaramonde, ' ye ought to thanke god that he hathe 
sent you tlutt grace / for I haue herde say that them- 
perour 4 whom ye haue slayne his two neuewes is greate / 

20 puyssaunt / and a ryche prynce, ryght sage and experte 

in the warre, wherefore it is to be feeryd that he wyll EscUramonde 

fears that the 

not let the mater thus to rest.' 'Dame/ 5 quod Huon, Emperor win 
' I know well this that ye say is trew ; I thynke well vmw " trife " 

24 he be dys 6 pleasyd with me for y* deth of his neuewes Huon knows that 
and many other of his kyn / thus, as I haue sayd, I unstressed 
iustyd with hym two tymes / & at the seconde tyiuo byUi ** -cap# 
I strake hym to the erthe in such wyse that he brake 

28 his thye, so that he was constreynyd to be borne 7 in a 
lytter / and it hath ben shewed 8 me syn / that y* losso 
of his good horse greuyth hym more than the losse and the loss of 

° " * ola own horse, 

of all 9 his men. Lady, to shew you the parelles and 
32 aduentures that I haue founde 10 syn I departyd fro 
you, it sholde 11 be to longe to shew you. But surely I 

1 he. 8 which. 8 and. 4 ot 6 Madame. 
• Fol. lxxiiii. col. 2. 7 thence. 8 told. 
• omitted. 18 had. 11 would; 

Digitized by 



[Ca. XCV. 

and he has heard 
haw the Emperor 
has vowed to 
destroy the city of 

aays that her 
brother will lead 
a hundred 
thousand men 
to bis assistance. 

He has been a 
christian for five 
years past. 

She desires Huon 
to visit him, 

thynke as soone as the trewes be 1 expyryd, but 2 that 3 
themperour with all his puyssaunce wyll come and 
besege me here in Burdeux, for it hath ben shewed 
me of trouthe that 8 themperour hath so made his oth 4 
and promyse / and hath sworne by his crowne imperyall 
that he wyll not departe hense tyll he haue taken and 
dystroyed this 4 cyte.' ' Syr/ quod Esclaramonde, ' yf 
ye wyll beleue me / ye shall 5 well resyte 6 this, and I 8 
shall tell you how / ye know well I haue a brother 
called kynge Salybraunt, who is kynge of Bougye, the 
whiche extendyth on the one syde nere too Mombrant, 
and on the other syde nere to Trypoley in Barbarye / 12 
he may lede in batayle a .CM. men / and, syr, surely 
he is a good crysten man, 2 how be it, ther be 6 but few 
that knoweth it / 7 this .v. yere he hathe surely 7 beleued 
on Jesu Cryst / and, syr, yf ye wyll go to hym, and 16 
desyre his ayde by the same token that, whan ye were 
prisoner in Baby lone, I dyscoueryd the secretnes 8 of 
my mynde to hym, and shewed hym of y* loue betwen 
you and me / and how ye sholde 9 lede me in to Fraunce, 20 
wherof he was ioyfull, and desyred me affectuously 
that I sholde doo so myche to you / that we myght 
come and se hym in his owne realme. But the aduen- 
ture fell so that our departynge was 10 other wyse than 24 
we had deuysyd / he was there & saw how my father 
was slayne, & all suche 11 as were with hym / than for 
fere he ranne away, & dyd hyde hym in a garden 
behynd the palays, and there taryed tyll it was nyght / 28 
and than he stalle away, and went in to his owne 
realme / there shall ye fynde hym yf ye wyll goo 
thy ther / I know surely 12 he wyll make you 13 good 
chere / and wyll not refuse 14 to 15 socoure you, 16 the 32 

* is. * omitted. 3 then. « the. " resist 

• are. 7 ~ T verily he hath. • secrets. 9 would. 

w fell. " Fol. lxxiiii. back, col. 1. u that 
13 exceeding great 14 for. 16 ayde and. 
is-i« f or hee will bee so exceeding puissaunt and wightie. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xcvi.] of esolaramonde's counsel. 


whiche shalbe so grete and puyssaunt 16 that he wyll 
brynge with hym moo than a .C. M. sarazyns / &, 1 syr, 
I wolde counsell 2 you to take 3 with you a 4 .v. or .vi and to take with 

him priests to 

4 prestes 5 furnysshyd with oyle and creme / for, as soone christen his men, 
as he hath his men oute of his owne countre, he wyll Saracens, 
cause them to be crystenyd, and suche as wyll not he 
wyll cause them to dye an yll deth. Syr, I requyre 

8 you beleuo my counsell at this tyme / for ye know 
well 6 out of Fraunce ye 7 get no socoure / for yf sum Huon can expect 

no aid from 

wolde they dare not, for dought of kyng Charlemayne ; Prance. 

the hate that he hath to you is not yet quenched for 
12 the deth of his sonne Charlote, he wyll neuer forget it 8 / 

and, syr, yf ye go not to my brother for socoure ye may 

happe to repent it, and peraduenture it may be to late / 

and do as he doth that closyth 9 the stable dore whan 
16 the horse is stollen.' Thus the fayre 10 esclaramonde 

exortyd duke Huon her husbonde, whom she loued 


How Huon had grete ioye for the byrth of 
20 Claryet his doughter. Capitulo .lxxxxvi. 

Han Huon had well herd his wy fe he Huon thanks his 
sayd, ' my ryght dere lady and com- counsel, but 
panyon, ryght well I know the grete 
loue that ye bere to me, the whiche 
hathe constreynyd you to say thus, 
wherof I thanke you. 12 By the lorde that on y e crosse 
dyed 18 to redeme humayne lynage, I wyll go to no place refuses to set out 
28 nor sende for any socoures / tyll 14 I se them befor my before Bordeaux 
cyte, and that I haue cause to purchace 16 for socoures, danger? 111 ** 
nor tyll 14 I fele the strokes of y* Almayns and bauyers 
that they can gyue whan they be out of there owne 

1 also. 1 and aduise. 8 along. 4 some. * well. 

• that f shall. 8 omitted. 9 shutteth. » Ladie. 

" Fol. lxxiiii. back, col. 2. 11 But. w fur. 
w vntill, « labour. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. xcvL 

He would be 
reproached for 
departing now. 

presses her 
husband to 
obtain men from 
her brother before 
the Emperor 

and tells him 
her fear of the 


countre / nor as longe as my shylde is hole 1 fyrste, I 
thynke they shall fele the sharpnes of my spere hede 
and good sworde / 2 by godde* grace I shall not abandone 
you nor leue my cyte and good burgesses / 3 it myght 4 
greatly be layde to my reproche, yf I sholde thus goo 
away.' ' A, syr/ quod Eaclaramounde, ' ye may well 
know that this that I haue sayd is for the fere that I 
haue of you / for I haue ben well aduertesyd that 8 
themperour sore hateth you, and not without cause, for 
his neuewes and lordes that ye haue slayn, and ther- 
fore, sir, yf ye wyll beleue me. ye shall 4 haue men to 
defende you brought hyther by the kynge my brother / 12 
so that whan the emperour is come in to your londe, it 
shall lye in you other to make peace or warre at your 
wyll / reason it were that ye made hym sum amendes 
for the hurtes that ye haue done to 5 hym / and on the 16 
other parte, yf he wyll haue no peace / than it shall lye 
in you to make hym suche warre so that he shall not 
departe without your agrement and to his great losse. 
syr, the fere that I haue to lese you constreyneth me 20 
thus to say / I haue herd often tymes sayd / that the 
entre into warre is large / but the issuynge out ther of 
is very strayte / nor ther is no warre but it causeth 
pouerte. But syn 6 it is your pleasure not to beleue me, 24 
it is reason that I must be content that your pleasure 
be fulfylled.' Than they entred in to other deuyses / 
7 gret ioye and feest was made in the palayes at Burdeux 
betwene Huon and the lordes of the countre. at last 23 
the fayre Esclaramond, who was grete with chylde, fell 
vpon trauelynge, and she prayed to god 8 and to oure 
ladye for ayde & helpe. she was in her chambre, 
whereas she 8 sufferyd gret payne / wher of Huon had 32 
grete pyte whan he herd ther of / for 9 there was grete 

1 and sound. * and yet. s for. 4 Fol. lxxv. col. 1. 
* vnto. • seeing. T and. *— * for helpe, and. 
9 - 9 the loue betweene them was exceeding great. 

Digitized by 



loue betwen them 9 / at last y e ladye was brought to bed 
of a fayre doughter / wher of Huon thanked god / than 
entred in to the ladyes chambre a greate nombre of the Ladiei of 

fairyland attend 

4 ladyes of the f ayrye / & came to Esclaramondys bed the birth of her 


and sayd, 4 Lady, ye ought well to thanke god / fox ye 

haue brought forth y* 1 moost 1 fay rest and best creature and declare her to 

. . . , . _ , _ be the fairest and 

that as no w is in the worlde, and to whom oure lord beat mature born 

in a hundred 

8 god hath grau?ityd moost graces at her byrth / for year*. 
2 more fayrer / nor more sage / nor courteys 2 hath not 
be borne this .C. yeres past / for she shall haue such 
desteney and happe 3 in this worlde / that of the realme 

12 of Arogone she shalbe quene crownyd, and she shall soo 
gouerne her selfe that she 4 shalbe 5 a seint in paradice. 
At Tortouse ther is the chyrche where ! as yet 1 she is 
honouryd / the whiche is foundyd in her name, and is 

1 6 namyd saynt Clare.' Esclaramounde was ioyf ull of the 
wordes of these ladyes of the fayrye. 6 grete ioy 7 was 
made 8 in the chambre 8 for the byrth of this chylde / 
who was gretly regardyd of the ladyes of the fayry, and 

20 they sayd eche to other that this chyld was the fayrest 

creature of 9 the world / they toke this chyld eche after The fairies thrfoe 
other and blyssyd it thre times, and than 10 laydo it 
doune and departyd sodenly so that no man wyst 

24 where they were become, wherof all the ladyes & other 
hed grete meruayle. * This tydynges was brought to 
Huon, he was ryght ioy ef ull, and sayd / 4 A, syr 11 kynge Hnon thinks 

that king Oberon 

Oberon, I beleue surely that as yet ye haue not forgoten i* stui mindM of 
28 me. Now I dought no thyng themperour nor all his Wm# 
puyssaunce syn 12 ye haue remembraunce of me.' Than 
Huon cam in to the hall, and thyder his doughter was 
brought to 13 hym to se / he toke her in his armes and 
32 shewed her to his lordes, who were 14 ioy full to se her. 
1-1 omitted. 

*— 1 a more faire, modest, wise, and courteous. 3 fortune. 

4 Fol. lxxv. col. 2. 6 accounted of as if she were. 
• and. T and feasting. *— 8 euerywhere. 9 in all. 
10 they. 11 worthy. 12 seeing. 13 vnto. 14 very. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xcvii 

Tlie babe is 

Than she was borne to chyi*che and with grete solemp- 
nyte crystenyd / and named Claryet, because she was 
soo fayre and clere to beholde. Than she was brought 
to the duches, who had of her gret ioy / whan the 4 
duches had kept her chambre a moneth, than she was 
chyrchyd, wher of all the courte was ioy full, and such 
feest was made that yf I sholde shew you the ryches 
and noblesse that was there shewed, it sholde be ouer 8 
longe to reherse. Therfore I 1 leue spekynge therof at 
this tyme tyll 2 another season. 

^ Howe themperour assembled a grete hoste 
and came to Burdeux. Capitulo .lxxxxvii. 12 

E haue well 4 herde here before the 
maner & cause why this warre was 
mouyd betwene y e emperour of Al- 
mayne & Huon, duke of Burdeux, the 16 
whiche, after the trewes was expiryd, 
and that the emperour was hole of his thygh that Huon 
had broken, he publysshyd the warre 5 / and sent ouer 
all his empyre / that euery duke / erle / baron / 20 
knyght / and squyer shold com to hym, and sowdeours 
fro all partes, and that within a moneth they to be at 
to make war upon the cy te of Mayence, to thentent too make warre vpon 

Huon of Burdeux / this commaundement was pub- 24 
lysshed / and suche delygence was made that by the 
day apoyntyd euery man was com to the cyte of 
Mayence, and lodgyd in the cyte and in pauylions about 
the cyte / there were assembled no than .lx. M.° men, 28 
well aparelyd 7 for the warre. whan this emperoure, 
who was named Tyrrey, saw them he was 8 ioyfull / & 
sore thretened Huon, and made promyse before 9 all his 
barons that he wolde neuer retourne in to his owne 32 

The Emperor of 
assembles his 
men at Mayence 


Sixty thousand 
men are collected 

1 will. 
* at largo. 

* vntill. 8 Fol. Ixxv. back, col. 1. 

* againe. 0 and all. r appointed. 

8 verie. 9 to. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xcvii.] OF the emperor's army. 


countre tyll he had fyret slayne Huon, who had done 

hym so great domage. Than he commaundyd his con- Thej prepare to 

march to Cologne* 

stables & marshalled to be redy to departe the next 
4 day, & to take the way towardes Coleyne with al his 
artylerey and caryage, the which was done. The next 
day themperour entred in to the felde and so rode 
towardes Coleyne / and whan themperour was within a on the way the 

Emperor, whose 

8 legge than there met with hym the olde Sauary hys name wm Thierry, 

met his brother 

brother, who was father to duke Raoull, slayne by savary, father of 

dake RaouL 

Huon. whan these two brethern met togyther there 
was great ioy made. 1 
12 1T But than duke Sauory began to wepe, & sayd to DukeSavary 

* ° 1 weeps for the lose 

his brother themperoure, ' Syr, of your comi/ige I am of bia eon. 
ryght ioyfulL But when the pyteous deth of my dere 
bfeloued sonn your neuew Raoull cometh to my mynJe / 
16 there is no membre on me / but for doloure 2 and dys- 
pleasure trymbleth / nor I can neuer haue parfyte ioy 
at my herte as longe as he that hath done me thys 
dyspleasure 8 be alyue.' 8 This duke Sauary was a noble He ie not an 

untrue traitor, 

20 man / but betwene hym and his sonne Raoull was Uke duke Raoui. 
great dyfference, for this 4 duke Raoull was the u li- 
tre west traytoure that euer lyued : the which ylnes 5 pro- 
cedyd by y* duches his mother / who was doughter to 

24 Hurdowyn of Fraunco, the moost untrewest and falsest 
traytour that as than lyued in the worlde / whan them- 
perour herde his brother speke the water 6 fell 7 out of 7 
his eyen, & 8 embracyd hym, and sayd, ' My ryght dere The Emperor 

ooneoles hie 

28 brother, your doloure 9 dyspleaseth me / for your doloure brother, 
is myne, 10 therof I wyll haue my 11 parte / and yf ye haue 
•ioy my parte shal 12 be therin. But it is not possyble 
for V8 / to haue hym agayne for whom we make this 

32 sorowe ' / god ayde Huon fro his enemyes, for they 
greatly desyryd his deth ; yet often tymes they that 

1 betwene them. * FoL lxxv. back, col. 2. *-* liueth. 
4 the. 5 wickedness. 6 tears. from. 8 he. 

• much. 10 and. 11 a, u likewise. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. xcviii. 

The arm j is well 

received in 

It was a great 
host with long 
line* of artillery, 

and passed over 
the Rhone into 
the country of 

desyre another mans deth auaunseth there owne. Thus, 
as ye haue herdo, themperour and duke Sauary entred 
in to the cyte of Coleyne, where as they were reseyued 
with great ioy / and so rode to y* palayes : 1 there they 4 
souppyd. I wyl make no longe rehersaU of y* good 
chere that they made there. Than after soupper they 
went to there rest, and the next mornynge rose and 
herde masse, 2 and tooke a soppe in wyne, 1 Than departyd 8 
out of Coleyne. It was a goodly host to beholde, they 
& theyr caryage / & 3 artelyrey strechyd foure legges of 
lenght Thus they all had sworne y e deth of Huon / 
they passyd by hye Borgoyn and by Dolpheurey, 4 and 12 
so passyd the ryucr of Rone, and so in to the countre 
of Burdeux. Nowe I wyll leue spekynge of them tyll 
another season. 

Huon orders all 
his men to be 
ready in arms, 
and to come to 
Bordeaux, when 
he heard of the 

The town is well 
fortified and 
furnished with 
food and guns. 

5 % How themperoure Tyrrey of Almayne 16 
beseged the cyte of Burdeux / and howe 
Huon made hym redy to fyght with his 
enemyes. Capitulo .lxxxxviii. 

Hus ye haue well 6 herde here before 20 
the deuises that the duches Esclara- 
mond had made to her husbonde 
Huon ; who as soone as she was 
chyrched, Huon sent his coramaunde- 24 
ment throw al his countre euery man 
to be redy in armes and to come to Burdeux, bycause 
he was aduertysed of y* cominge of his enemyes / the 
messengers made such delygence that in 7 .xv. dayes 28 
after euery man was come to Burdeux / and the 8 duke 
Huon reseyued them with great ioy. Than he repayryd 
the cyte and the toures and walles, and it was well 
furnysshed with vytaylles and artelery, as in sucho a 32 


3 their. 


6 Fol. bcxvi. col. 1. 8 omitted. T within. 8 there. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xcviii.] how the emperor comes against bordeaux. 317 

case it 1 aparteynyd. 2 At that tyme y e cyte of Bur- 
deux was not so strong as it is now / whan duke Huon 
saw his cyte so well garnyshed with men and vytaylle / 
4 he was ryght ioyfull. 8 Than he called to hym the olde 
Gerames, & sayd / ' my ryght dere f rende. ye se well Huon begs the aid 

' , , of Gerames in th« 

this warre 4 that is aparent betwene themperour and me, conductor the 
& nowe we be well aduertysed of his comynge, who is 
8 redye to come with all his host to besege this oure 
cyte / & therfore, my bertye 5 frende, who hath aydyd 
me in so many besynesses, I pray you counsell and 
ayde me now; for 6 all the condute of my warre / 1 wyll" 

12 ye haue the charge, & that ye wyll comforte my men 
8 to do 8 well, so that of vs there be none 9 yll songe 9 
made, and that our enemy es haue no cause to prayse y e 
warre that they haue agaynst vs / nor that whan they 

16 be retournyed in to there countres that they make not 
there auauntes amonge theyr wenches and 10 louers.' 
' Syr,' quod Gerames, 1 1 thanke you of the honoure Gerames, in spite 

of hie age, 

and gret trust that ye haue in me / how be it, ye haue 
20 many other more sage and hardy than I am, too whom 
this 11 charge sholde better aperteyne than to me. But, 
str, as for me, I shall so aquy te me that I trust I shall promise* to do ail 

he can. 

not be reprehendyd. , Thus, as ye haue herde, Huon 
24 made his deuyses amonge all his barons / and made all 
his ordynaunces for the defence of the cyte and the 
maner of theyr yssues, 12 and apoyntyd men for theyr 
rescue in reculynge. And themperour was entred in to 
28 the countre of Burdeux with a 13 grete puyssaunce, 18 

byrnynge and dystroyenge the countre, wher of the The Emperor 

burns and 

poore peple were sore abasshed, bycause they neuer destroys ail the 
had warre before / 3 thus themperour neuer restyd trough, rWSe " 
32 exilynge 14 & destroyenge the countre tyll they came 

1 well. 1 for. 8 and. * Fol. lxxvi. col. 2. 
* deere. 8 in. 7 that *— 8 omitted. 
9 ~ 9 euill report 10 their. 11 great 12 issuing. 
13 -is m ightie armie. 14 wasting. 

Digitized by 


318 huon op burdeux. [Ca. xcix. 

nnuiheirrivw before the cite of Burdeux and theyr he pyght vp his 

before Um city of 

Bordeaux, tentes and pauylyons / and themperoure lay on the waye 
encmmpe. ledynge to Parys / on the other parte duke Sauarey, 

father to Raoull, was lodgyd by themperoure marshalles / 4 
so that all the cyte was closyd rownde aboute. Huon, 
who was within the cyte, behelde theyr countenaunces 
and maner of theyr lodgynge. He commaundyd that 
all his men sholde be redy to yssue out vpon 1 thei£ 8 
Haonprepemhii enemyes / the whiche they dyd. Than Huon armed 

men for a sortie. « 

hym 2 rychely / and mountyd vpon his good horse, the 
whiche was the emperours / and sware that, or 8 he 
returnyed agayne, he wolde shew his enemyes what 12 
they of Burdeux coude do / whan he was mountyd on 
his good horse he cam in to the cyte, and founde 
the old Gerames redy aparelyd and 4 all his company. 
Than he ordaynyd 5 .v. M. men to kepe the cyte, & 16 
Twenty thousand .xx. M. 6 to go with hym / thus duke Huon made his 

are ordered to 

follow iiim. ordenaunces. ye may well know 7 that the sorow was 
great that Esclaramounde made for the duke her hus- 
bonde / she was ryght sage. 8 she feryd to lese hym, 20 
bycause she knew hym so aduenturus / and that his 
enemyes were of so grete nombre / 9 ryght peteously 
EacUramonde wepynge she made her prayers to our 10 lorde god 
■afety.° r 16 r deuoutly that he wolde kepe, and defende Huon, her 24 
husbonde, & all hys men fro daunger & losse, & to 
sende hym peace. 11 

% Of the grete batayle that was before Bur- 
deux, where as Huon had grete losse & the 28 
olde Gerames taken. Capitulo .lxxxxix. 

1 Fol. lxxvi. back, col. 1. 8 selfe verie. 8 ere. 
4 with. 6 appoynted. 6 men. * imagine. 
8 wise. • but. 10 the. n with his enemies. 

Digitized by 

Ca. xcix.] op huon's first attack on the invaders. 319 

/Hus, as he haue herde, Burdeux was be- 
seged by themperour of 2 hye Almaynes, 
& by hys brother the duke Sauary, with 
a grete nombre of men. Than Huon 
yssuyd out, and whan he was past the 
porte, he made haste, to thentent to surpryce his 
enemy es, for at that tyme themperour was set at dyner. 
8 Than Huo/i & his company all at ones dasht in amonge Honn and his 

company take the 

the ten tes and pauylyons / and bet them downe to y e besiege™ by 
erthe, so that they that were within were sore 3 abasshed, 8urprise * 
for they had 4 thought 5 that Huon durst neuer a 6 
12 yssued out of the cyte agaynst hym, and the great 

nombre that he was of. Huon layde on rounde aboute and light with 


hym so that who so euer met with hym had no nede of 
7 leche 7 craft. Also the olde Gerames dyd meruaylles, 
16 and so dyd the Burdeloys. many a ryche tent and The tent* were 

1011 . , . beaten down, and 

pauylyon was beten downe 4 to y e erthe, 8 and they withm their inmates 


slayne and all to hewyn. 9 Huon, who was mountyd on 
his 10 good horse, met with 4 a knyght of themperoura 

20 house, and he gaue hym suche a stroke with his sword 
that he claue his hede to the teth / and than 11 strake 
another that his hede / helme & al, flew to the erth. they 
that sawe that stroke was sore abasshed. Themperoures 

24 men assembled togyther by heepes. But by the hye 12 
prowess of Huon anone they were agayne departyd / 
18 he was so doughty d and feryd that none was so hardy 
to aproche nere 4 to 4 hym. The crye and noyce mountyd 

28 so hye that the emperour, who was 4 as than 4 at 4 hys 4 The Emperor is 

roused from 

dyner, whan he herde the 14 crye he rose fro the table, dinner, 
and demaundyd what noyse it was. 'Syr/ quod a J^JfJJf^jj 1 * 
knyght, who was fled and sore hurt / ' sir, know for disturbance that 

Jb 9 1 9 be hears from 

32 trouth that your enemye Huon is issuyd oute of Bur- afcr. 

1 Fol. lxxvi. back, col. 2. * the. 8 much. 
4 omitted. 6 verily. e haue. 7-7 a leches. 
* ground. • and. 10 a. 11 he. 
u niightie. 13 for. 14 them. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xcix. 

deux, and hathe done so myche 1 that he hathe slayne 
a quarter of 2 all 2 your hoost, and without that ye doo 
rescue your men 8 shortely, your losse is lyke to be ryght 4 
grete, 6 for I haue sene Huon your enemy mountyd 4 
vpon your good hors, wheron he doth gret meruaylles / 
for there is none that meteth 2 with 2 hym but 2 that 2 
6 is slayne, he is so cruell and hardy.' whan themperour 
herde the knyght he swet for displeasure ; 7 incontynent 8 
Tht Emperor he armed hym / and issued out of his tent and mountyd 
and orders his on his horse / and founde his men redy. Than he saw 
men to the onset jj UQn j^m^y^ on hjg g 00( j n0 rse / than 8 he sayd to 

his men, ' Syrs, I requyre you at this tyme put to your 12 
paynes that I may be reuengyd of myne enemye, who 
before my face yonder sleeth 9 my men. he is so 
valyaunt that whom so euer he stryketh with a full 
stroke is but deed / gret domage it was whan he slew 16 
He promises that my neuew. 10 who so euer can delyuer hym to me 
land shall be quycke or deed shalbe my frende for euer, and I shall 11 
wlrriorwho slays shew hym y e courtesy / that Esclaramond, who is so 
the knight. fayre, I shall gyue her to 12 hym in maryage, & all tho 20 
countre 13 of Burdeux.' 

H Than suche as herde his promyse made them 
redy for 14 couytes u of that gyft. But sum hastyd so 
myche to acomplysh themperours wyll that it was to 24 
late after for them to repent. It is a 15 saynge that 
There is much an yll haste is not good / sum hastyd so sore 16 that 

rivalry for the J 

promised gifts, after 17 bought it full 18 dere, as ye shall 19 here, after 

these wordes spoken by the emperour, suche as desyryed 28 
to accomplyshe his wyll ran in all togyther in to the 
batayle agaynst the Burdeloys / there was grete occy- 
syon 20 on both partes. Huon, who had grete desyre in 
his hert to slee his enemyes / dyd so myche by hys 32 

1 hurt. 2—2 omitted. 8 verie. 4 exceeding. 
6 Fol. lxxvii. col. 1. 6 he. T and. 8 whereon. 
• killeth. 10 nephewes. 11 will. 12 vnto. 13 Court 

14-H the couetousness. 16 an old. 16 much. 
17 af terwardes. 18 too, u heare. 20 daughter made. 

Digitized by 


Ca. xcix.] how huon fights WITH THE GERMANS. 321 
prowes that he reculyd his enemyes to theyr tentes / bat Huon u a* 

mighty as ever. 

& it had been yll with them, & 1 duke Sauary had not 
rescued them / he with his grete prowes made the??* to 
4 recouer agayne the felde / 2 there was a sore batayle on 
both partes. The olde Gerames that day slewe many a oid Oeramee also 
man. But he aduenturyd hym selfe so far forth strength, 
amonge his enemyes / that his horse was slayne vnder although hit 

' horse is killed 

8 hyni / so that he was 3 constreynyd to fall to the erth / under him, 
and there 4 he was taken & led to themperours tent, and ftnd ta 


gret fetters set* on* his legges. Alas that Huon had 
not knowen therof ; if he had, he shold not haue ben 

12 led away without grete losse. But he was in y e batayle 
doyng meruelles in armes. he helde his sworde in his 
hande tayntyd with blood and braynes of men that he 
had slayne / there was none so hardy that durst aproch 

16 nere to 7 hym / he cryed 8 'Burdeux' to draw his men 

togyther / and dashet in to y e greatest prease, & strake Huon is to be ^ 
on al partes in suche wyse that his enemyes 8 gaue hym the fight is 
place, for none durst abyde his strokes / 9 the prease 

20 was so grete of the men of duke Sauareys that he had 
gret payne to breke in among them, he fought so 
that he semyd rather a man of the fayrye or a speryt 
than a mortall man / euery man had grete meruayle of Hie prowess is 

* marvellous. 

24 the prowes that he shewed 10 & his company. Than cam 
agaynst hym y e olde duke Sauary, with a byrnynge 
desyre too be reuenged for the deth of his son Raoull ; 
and Huon parseyued hym well, and made suche hast 

28 that the duke had no leyser to gyue the fyrst stroke / 

for Huon gaue hym suche a stroke with his sworde He unhorses at 

° * one blow Duke 

that he cut clene of a quarter of his shylde, & y e stroke Savary, who 
gleynt 11 to the horse necke by suche vertue that it strake for his son's 
32 of clene the horse hede / so that there by the duke fell 
to the erth / and yf he hadde not ben well socouryd he 

1 if. * and. * Fol. lxxvii. col. 2. « then. 
6 clapt 9 vpon. T vnto. 8 still. 9 Now. 
10 shewed after company. 11 glyded. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. xcix. 

He would have 
been slain, had 
he not been 
•uoeoured by hie 

Huon perceives 
that his men are 

and retiree to 

Sixteen thousand 
of hie soldiers 
were left desd 
upon the field. 

While retreating, 
Huon kills a 
cousin of the 
Emperor, and 


The Emperor 
with his barons 
attacks him, 

had been slayne / but there came to hym so many men, 
that whether Huon wolde or not he was socouryd / and 
mountyd vpon a new horse / whan Huon sawe that be 
was scapyd, he called vpon our lorde god, and sayd, 4 
* A, good lorde, yf I tary here longe I se well that my 
force shall but lytell profyte me, for there be.xx. 
agaynst one.' Than he called certen of his lordes that 
were aboute hym, & sayd, ' Syrs, I perseyue well our 8 
force can not longe contynew 1 / therfore it is better 2 
departe betyme* than to 3 tary to longe.' 'Syr, 1 quod 
they, ' as it shall please you ' / 4 than they tournyd the?n 
toward?* Burdeux a soft pace / and Huon dyd / as the 12 
sheparde doth go behynde his shepe / so wente he with 
his sworde in his hande / defending his company fro 
his enemy 68, 6 sorowfull & angry for the losse that he 
had that day, for in the mornynge whan he departyd 16 
from Burdeux he had a .xx. M. of good fyghtinge men, 
& at his retourae he saw well he had not past 6 .iiii. M., 
wherwith he was sore displeasyd / & often tymes by 
the way turnyd & returnyd to his enemyes. At last he 20 
met with a knyght named Jozerane, & gaue hym suche 
a stroke that he fell downe deed to y e erth, wherof 
themperour Tyrrey was sore dyspleasyd / for he was his 
cosyn germayne ; & after 7 he slew other .iiii. knyghtes 24 
of Almayne. Than ho returnyd agayne after hys men, 
& so led them forth 8 as the shephardo doth his shepe / 
& often tymes tournyd & retournyd vpon his enemyes, 
so that there was none so hardy that durst aproche nere 28 
hym / therwtt/i thyther came themperour rychely armed 
vrith y* 9 armes imperyall, 10 mountyd vpon a puyssaunt 
horse. Than he cryed, ' on forth, my barons / take 
hede that this traytoure Huon scape not away / yf I 32 
maye haue hym in my handes / all the golde in the 

1 endure. 8 to. 8 Fol. lxxvii. back, col. 1. 

6 right. 6 aboue. * that. 8 still 
• omitted. 10 and. 


Digitized by 




worlde shall not redeme hym fro hangiuge.' Huon, 
who herd the emperour, sayd, 'A, false olde lepar, 1 
thou lyest falsly, I was neuer traytour. 1 Than them- 
4 perour ranne at Huon, & strake hym on the shylde, and 
strake it clene thro we, and the spere brake all to peces. 
And Huon with his sworde strake themperour on the 
helme, so that the serkell set with stone & perle was 
8 betten to the erth. 2 yf the horse had not swaruyd, 
themperour had neuer 8 scapyd alyue ; neuertheles, the 
stroke lyght so on his shulder that y e sword persyd the and is sore 
mayle and gaue hym a depe wounde; & forther, y* Huon. 

12 sworde dissendyd to y* arson 4 of the sadell, so that the 
hors 6 was stryken nye a sounder in two peces / 2 so 
that 6 themperour & the horse fell downe 7 togyther 8 to 
y e erth 8 / so that & 9 he had not ben rescued by y e 

16 Almayns he had ben slayn. Huon was sorie when he 
saw the Emperour so scapyd with his life; than he 
tournyd and rode towardes Eurdeaux after his men, who 
tarry ed still for hym, and Huon dyd so myche by hys under Huon's 

20 prowes that for all themperour & his men he entred in his men reach ' 

Bordeaux tn 

to his cyte of Burdeux. But as than ho knew not that safety, 
the olde Gerames was taken prisoner. 10 Thus, as ye 
haue herd, duke Huon entred in to Burdeux with 
24 .iiii. M. men, of whome y e moost parte were sore hurte / 
he rode to the palays & there alyghtyd. Than he lokyd 
aboute hym, & was sore abasshed whan he saw not He is saddened 

to hear of 

Gerames by hym / tha?i he demauwdyd yf any man Gerames' rate, 
28 knew where he was. ' Syr,' quod a knyght named 
Gallerance, 1 know for trouthe 11 he is taken prysoner, & 
is in the handes of yonr enemyes / for to haue aydyd 
hym I was woundyd in thre places, & nerehande 
32 slayne. I employed my force to haue socouryd hym, 
but I coudo fynde no remedy ' / whan Huon herd that / 

1 dotard. 1 and. 8 not 4 bow. 
6 Fol. Ixxvii. back, col. 2. 6 the. 7 to the ground. 
*-* omitted. 9 if. 10 so. » that, 

Y 2 

324 huon op burdeux. [Ca. xcix. 

he prasyd gretly Gerames force & vertue, & gretly com- 
pleynyd & sayd, ' alas that I had not knowen of his 
takynge, or 1 1 had 2 returnyd I wolde soner haue dyed / 
but at the leest I wold haue taken sum man suffecyeut 4 

•nd piteous is his to a 3 redemyd hym agayne out of daunger. 1 A pyteous 4 
thynge it was to here duke Huon what sorow he made 
for his frende Gerames / but his compleyntes coude not 
auayle hym / his lordes sayd, 'syr, 6 with goddes grace 5 8 
ye shal haue hym agayne saue & alyue/ ' Syrs,' qt«>d 
Huon, 'it shall be a grete aduenture without they 
put hym to deth.' Than Huon mountyd vp to the 
palays, where as he met Esclaramond his wyfe / whom 12 
he kyssyd & embraced many tymes. ' Syr/ quod y e 

Hnon wis his lady, 'I pray you shew me of yoi/r newes. 1 'Lady/ 

tiding*. quod Huon, ' they be but pore & dolowrus, for of ,xx. 

M. men that I had with me 6 out of this cyte, I haue 16 
brought home alyue but .iiii. M., and yet the moost parte 
of them is 7 sore wouwdyd / and besyde that, 2 the olde 
Gerames is taken prisoner, who hath suffred before this 
tyme so many paynes & trauaylles for my sake.' ' A, 8 20 

she begs him syr/ quod y e lady, sore wepynge / ' I had rather ye had 

seek succour from , , , , , . . . 

her brother, beleued me, and that ye had gone and sought for 
socoure of my brother / who wolde not a 8 faylled you / 
he 9 wolde a 3 come with you with so myche people and 24 
puyssaunce that themperowr sholde not a 3 durst to 3 
abyden you.' 'Dame,' 10 quod Huon, 'speke no more 

but he declares he therof / for the losse of as myche as .x. cytyes be in 

will not abandon 11. no 

the city. valure I wolde not haue gone tnether nor too none 28 

other parte for any socoure, nor yet wyll not tyll I se 
me sorer 11 oppressyd than I am as yet / I myght well 
be reputyd for a coward and recreau?tt thus to aban- 
done my cyte / I had rather be dysmembred in to peces 32 
than for fere I sholde leue you / it sholde 12 be gretly to 

1 ere. 8 omitted. 3 haue. 4 lamentable. 
6 by the grace of god. 6 Fol. lxxviii. col. 1. 7 be. 
8 Alas. 9 but. 10 Madame. 11 more. 12 would. 

Digitized by 


my reproche in the courtes of liye prynces, and whan I 
com there to be markyd with the fynger for that grete 
defaulted ' Syr,' quod Esclaramonde, ' your pleasure is 

4 myne, syn 1 ye wyll haue it so / but I am ryght sorye 2 
for the olde Gerames, who is prysoner in y e tentes of 
jour enemyes / who hath suffred for your sake many 
grete paynes & pouertyes. I cannot be but sory whan 

8 1 remembre hym.' 'Dame/ 3 quod. Huon, 'as yet 
Gerames is not deed. I hope, by the grace of our lorde Huon hopes to 

rescue Gerames. 

god, that we shall haue hym agayne alyue.' 'Syr/ 
quod she, 'I pray to god 1 it may be so.' Now let vs 
12 leue spekyngo of Huon, and speke of themperour, who 
lay sore hurt on the erth. 

% How themperour reasyd vp a payre of 
galowes to hang vp the olde Gerames and 
16 all the Burdeloys that were taken prysoners. 

Capitulo .C. 

E haue well 6 herde here before re- 
countyd how Huon entred in to Bur- 
deux after he hadde betten downe 
themperour Tyrrey, whom he left 
lyenge on 6 y e erth, and had ben slayne 
and 7 his men had not quyckely rescued hym. 8 his The Germans 

_ . . „,,,,, ,io find the Emperor 

24 men were sorowfull, 9 they feryd he had ben deed, & sorely wounded, 
vnlasyd his helme, & was ryght ioyfull whan they 
founde hym alyue. Thaw they demauwdyd & sayd, 
4 sir, we desyre you shew vs what case ye fele yourself 

28 in.' * Syrs/ quod he, ' I am sore hurt, wherby I fele 
gret payne ; this enemye Huon hath brought me in this 
case. I was foolyshly counselled whan I cam hyther to and he refrrete 
seke for hym, for yf I had taryed styl at Mayenco, I fromMayence. 

1 that 8 8orowful. 8 Madame. 
4 Fol. Ixxviii. col. 2. 6 alredy. 6 vpon. 7 if. 
8 now. 9 for. 

Digitized by 




beleue to do mo displeasure he wolde haue come 
thether / syrs, I praye you here me in to my tent that 
my wounde may be serchyd 1 / than he was borne in to 
His wound his tent & vnarmed / & layd on 1 his bed, & he sownyd 4 

cause* him much 

dolour. thryse for paine of his hurt. And whan he cam to 

hym selfe, & his woundes 2 serchyd by his surgyons / 
he demaundyd where y e knyghtea of Burdeux were that 

The knight. were taken in y e batayle, commaundyd 8 tliat they 8 

taken in battle J J 9 J J 

are ordered into sholde be brought to his presence / Gerames was 

hie pretence. 

brought before hym, who was gret & puyssaunt, with a 
berde as whyte as snow ; he was a fayre olde knyght to 
beholde / his vysage playne & smylynge, he semyd to 12 
be a man of hye affayres / whan y e emperonr saw hym / 
he sayd, 'thou old catyue, shew me what thou art / 
Gerames come, beware, 4 shewe me the trouth 1 / 'sir/ quod Gerames, 

before him and ' / > 1 » 

teiis bit condiuon. 'know well that for fere of any deth I wyll 5 not spare 16 
to say y e trouthe / syn ye wyl 6 know what I am, I am 
named Gerames, & am Huons scruaunt, whom I loue 
naturally, & also I am his parent, 7 wherby I haue y* 
more cause to loue hym / & I haue slayne dyuers of 20 
your men/ 'Well/ quod the emperour, 'I repute the 

The Emperor bids for a foole to gyue me thys knowlege / for, by the 

him be hanged ' 

early the next grace of 8 our lord Jesu Cryst, 8 tomorow erlye, or 9 I ete 

morning, with 

sixty of his or 10 drynke, thou shalt be drawen and hangyd / and 24 

company. , 

.lx. of thy company that were taken with thee in the 
batayle.' ' Syr/ quod Gerames, ' of this that y e shew me 
I can 11 you no thawke for it / but I hope, by the ayde 
Gerames defies his 0 f * 2 our lorde 12 Jesu Cryst, that I shall do you 12 yet 12 28 


more domage or 9 1 dye. 1 'A, velayne/ quod themperour, 
'gret meruayle I haue of the that thus before me u & 
my barons 12 thou dost vse 18 thretnynges / and yet thou 
seest 12 clerely 12 how thou art my prysoner, and that it 32 

1 vpon. 1 were. 8 demaunded. 4 and. 

6 shall. 6 needs. 7 kinsman. 8-8 God. 9 ere. 
10 Fol. lxxviiL back, col. 1. 11 giue. omitted. 
u these. 

Digitized by 




lyeth in me to put the to what deth it please me / 
know for trouth, & 1 it were not so late of y e day as it 
is, I wolde not suffer the to lyue one houre. But or 2 I Direction* for 
4 slepe I shall cause 3 gybettes and 3 galowes to be made JlSolft n^Jtho 
where as thou and thy company shalbe hanged / and I way£to£* ight " 
shall cause the to be hangyd so nere to the cyte / that 
yf Huon be so nere a kynne to the as thou sayest, he 
8 wyll shew how well he loueth the / he maye haue grete 
doloure whan before his iyen he shall se his cosyn and 
his men hanged / and than after 4 I wyll assayle the The Emperor 
cyte / and take it parforce, so that than Huon in any JiJon wd"^ 

12 wyse shall not scape out of my handes, & so to be Bordeaux. 10 **** 
hanged with other / and the fayre Esclaramonde shalbe 
brynt or condempnyd to pryson / and than I wyll 
byrne all the cyte and dystroy it dene.' * Syr/ quod 

16 Gerames, 'ye may say your pleasure, but in the 
doynge is all the mater* / 5 whan themperour saw that 
Gerames doughtyd not the deth, he was sore abasshed. 
Than he cowmaundyd incontynent galowes to be reysyd 

20 vp so gret to hange theron the .lx. 6 prysoners, and to 
be set on a lytell rocke nere to the cyte of Burdeux, 
to thentent that Huon and his men myght se them 
playne / therby to abasshe them / the whiche was Thegaiiowt 

24 done / so the mater restyd tyll 7 the next day in the up * 
mornynge. And whan it was day Huo/» within y* cyte 
rose and came to hys palays, and regardyd out at the and Huon espies 
wyudowes to se and beholde the 8 host of his enemyes / paw 

28 and as he stode he spyed the new galowes stondynge 
on y e rocke. Than he callyd his lordes, and sayd / 
' Syrs, neuer beleue / but yonder galowes that I se new He points them 

J ' o out to We lord*, 

reysyd is for none other entent but 9 to hang theron 
32 my men that be taken, & my 10 frende Gerames, wherof 
I am 11 sorowfull. Therfore, syrs, quykely make you redy 

» if. 1 ere. »-» a. * warden. 6 &. 
9 fortie. T vntill. 8 Fol. lxxviii. baok, ool. 2. 
• for. 10 good. 11 verie. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. ci. 

and urges them 
to follow him to 
the rescue. 

Seven thousand 
men are armed. 

and mount on 1 your horses / for or 2 they be hangyd 
we wyll proue our selfe against them / loke 3 to the host 
warde 8 & se whan they be commynge 4 to y 8 galowcs 
warde 4 / & whan ye se them be redy on horsbacke, & 4 
y* gate open, that we may issue out all at ones / & let 
vs neuer thynke to returne tyll 5 we haue rescued our 
men / for I thynke 6 neuer to returne in to this cyte tyll 5 
I haue delyueryd them out of y* hande* of our enemyes. 1 8 
Than they armed them a 7 vii. M. by tale of good men 
of armes, well horsyd, redy at y 6 gate to departe whan 
tyme cam. Now we wyl leue spekinge of Huon / & 
speke of themperour. 12 

The condemned 
knights are tied 
together in 
couples on the 
following day. 

Gerames weeps, 
and prays to God 
to have mercy ou 
their souls. 

^1 How Huon issued out of Burdeux & rescued 
the old Gerames and his company, whom 
themperour wolde haue hanged. 

Capt. .Ci. 16 

Hemperour, who had grete desyre that 
Gerames & his company were hanged / 
caused them to be brought forth by 
couples, one fast tyed to another, and 20 
Gerames 9 the formest / who then ryght 
tenderly began to wepe when he saw 
hymselfe in that case / 'A, good lord,' quod he, 'I 
requyre the haue mercy on our soules, & kepe <fc 24 
defende my good lord duke Huon / who by y* com- 
maundement of kyng Oberon shold gyue me his duchy, 
and he to haue kyng Oberons dygnyte of y e fayre after 
foure yere passed / I can not say what fortune wyl fal / 28 
but I may wel say that I shall neuer come to greter 
honour / yet I am comforted in that I am so olde 10 & 
hoore; 10 it is-good reason that I be content to haue lyued 

1 vppon. 8 ere. 
*-* toward the gallowea. 
8 Fol. lxxix. col. 1. 

3-8 towardes the Hoaste. 
6 vntill. 0 purpose. 7 aboute. 
• was. J0 - 10 emitted. 

Digitized by 




so longe / it is now 1 good 1 tyme that I departe out of 
this worlde.' Then themperour called to 2 hym a 
knyght /& sayd, 'sir Othon, I wyl that incontynent ye The Emperor Md» 

'" Sir Otho direct 

4 take thre .M. men, & take these prysoners & hange them the hanging, with 
vp all vpon the galowes that were made yester nyght Sen! th0UMUd 
late / & if it be so that Huon yssue out, loke that ye 
quyte your selfe valyauntly / & yf ye 3 nede of ony 

8 ayde, take my home and blowe it, for I haue redy a 
poynted .x. M. men to socoure you yf nede be ' / when 
Othon herde themperour he was ryght sory to haue that sir otho mi of 

. , . , . distant kin to 

4 commission 4 / for in his youth he was brought vp in Huon, and 

regrets inch a 

1 2 the house of duke Seuyn, father to Huon, & som what communion, 
he was of his kyn, but as then he had slayne a man, 
wherfore he fled fro Burdeux, & came & serued them- 
perour at Mayence / wherfore he was 5 wo and 5 sorowfull 

1 6 to haue that commyssyon. Then he sayd to themperour, 

'syr, me thynke ye do yll to cause them to dye so He plead* with 

the Emperor for 

hastly, better it were to abyde to se what ende your delay, 
warre wyl come vnto / and also yf it fortune that any of 

20 your lordes to be taken here after / for one of theym ye 
myght recouer hym agayne / and yf ye slee theym / and 6 
yf ony of 7 youre barons happe to be taken, they shall 
dye of lyke deth / and therfore, syr, yf ye wyl byleue 

24 me ye shall forbere sleynge of them at this tyme / and, 
syr, yf ye wyll gyue me lysence / 1 shall doo so moche to 
duke Huon / that for the offence that he hath done to 2 and promisee that 

_ A _ , . Huon will make 

you he shall make 8 amendes at youre 9 pleasure, and he him amends for 

, , , 0 , _ , * « .i i the death of hia 

28 shal go to 2 some holy pylgrymage to praye for the soules nephews, 
of your nephewes and other of youre lordes that he hathe 
slayne / and he to haue with hym two hondred men 
in theyr shyrtes, and so to go to the holy sepulture at 

32 his owne charge and coste / and he to holde of you all 
his londes, and to doo you homage.' Then the lordes 

i- 1 omitted. 2 vnto. 3 haue. *— 4 euill office. 
*-* right. 6 then. 7 Fol. lxxix. coL 2. 8 you. 
• owne. 


The Emperor's 
lords approve 
8ir Otho'a 
counsel ; 


[Ca. CL 

bat the Emperor 
bursts into a rage, 

and swears all 

who plead for a 
respite of the 
Urea of Hoon'a 
men shall die 

Otho ia again 
ordered to 
and the rest, 

and he departs 
to work the 
Emperor's wilL 

that were there present all with one voyce said to 1 the 
emperour, ' Syr, the counsell that syr Othon hath gyuen 1 
you is worthy to be byleued ; we al agree ther to, and 
desyre you so to doo/ 2 when the emperoure herde theym 4 
he was sorowfull and sore dyspleased. 'Syr,' quod 
Othon, ' ye may surely knowe yf ye hange any of them 
that be taken / yf Huon happe to take any of your men, 
he shal neuer scape vnhangyd and drawen.' When the 8 
emperour hadde herde Othon speke he was soo troubled, 
& angry that it semed by his face that for 8 pure yre 8 
he was nye 4 in a rage, and sayd / ' beholde, syrs, this 
foole, who wolde let me to take vengeauwce on them 12 
that so sore hath troubled me / he hath herde me or 5 
this tyme swere and make solempne promyse that I 
wold neuer returne in to my countre tyll I hadde 
hanged and drawen Huon of Burdeux / for, by the 1 6 
lorde that made me to his semylytude, I knowe noo 
man this day, though he were neuer so nere a kynne to 
me, excepte myne owne brother / but I shal make hym 
to be slayne yf he speke any more to me for respytynge 20 
of theyr lyues / nor I shall neuer loue hym / for I 
make a vowe to oure lorde god that I wyll neuer 
returne in to my countre tyll 6 I haue taken 7 this cite 
parforce.' ' Syr,' quod Othon, ' syn 8 it is your pleasure, 24 
I shall speke no more therof / but I byleue it wyll be 
longe here after or 9 ye fynde ony that wyll be glad to 
do youre pleasure.' ' Othon/ quod themperour / i dys- 
patch the mater and reuenge me vpon the old Gerames 28 
and vpon all his company ' / ' syr/ quod Othon, ' it is 
conuenyent that I doo it, syn 8 it is your pleasure ' / then 
without ony more wordes he departed & toke Gerames 
& the other prysoners, and wente with them towardes 32 
the galowes. Gerames went before with the halter 

1 vnto. 
6 ere. 

* but. s — 3 verie anger. 4 neerehand. 
6 vntill. T Fol. lxxix. back, col. 1. 

8 seeing. • before. 

Digitized by 



aboute his necke, sore wepynge, and all his company 

after hym ; so at the last they came to the place of 

execucion / then 1 y e ladders were set vp / 2 then the 

4 hangman came to 3 Gerames, & sayd / ' Come On. thou The hangman 

rudely accosts 

olde dottarde, thou hast lyued longe ynough / thou the old Gerames. 
shalt no more se hym whom thou louest so well / but 2 
I hope shortely he shall here the company wauynge in 
8 the wynde ' / when Gerames herde hym / he behelde 
hym fyersly, and sayd, 1 A, thou vnhappy vyllayne, yf 
one of my handis were lose thou sholdest neuer se fayre 
day more / how arte thou so hardy to say or to thinke 
12 so 4 vylayn wordes* of the best and moost valyauntes 
knyght that is now lyuynge ' ? / then Othon came to 
them / and 6 herde how the hangman 6 reuiled Gerames / 
& 6 sayd, 'a, thou 7 false rybaude, 7 thynkest thou not that otho reproaches 

iiii i /*./-• ii i tne fsllow with 

16 this knyght hathe ynough to suffre / though thou doest his wickedness, 
not reuyle him ? / yf thou 8 were in that poynt 9 that they 
be in, and they in the cyte of Burdeux, thou woldest 
soone repente thy 10 wordes ' / & therwith he lyfte vp a 

20 staffe that he had in his hande, and strake the hang and strikes him 
man ther with that he fell downe to the erthe, and 11 8 ° rei3r ' 
sayd, 'A, thou false thefe, do thyne offyce, and speke no 
wordes* / then 12 the hangman durst speke no more ; 18 

24 then he toke Gerames by y 6 halter that Was aboute his Gerames mounts 

_ D J _ , , , _ , „ the ladder with a 

necke, & so mounted vpon the ladder, and Gerames halter about his 
after hym / who 14 made pyteous complayntes for Huon 
his good lorde / the same tyme that Gerames mounted 

28 vpon the fyrst steppe of the ladder, they wit/rin the 

cyte vpon the walles perceyued it, & sawe clerely 15 that Boon's lords 
without the prysoners were shortly 16 rescued / theyr from the city 
lyues were lost, then they sayd to Huon / * syr, yf ye 

32 tary any lenger your men shall be all 0 hanged, for 

1 where. 8 and. 8 vnto. *— 4 villainous a word. 
6-6 hearing the hangman how he. 6 he. 
T base slaue. 8 thyselfe. 9 case. 10 saucie. 

11 then he. 12 whereupon. 13 but 
14 Fol. lxxix. back, col. 2. 16 euidently. 18 speedily. 

Digitized by 



[Ca. Ch 

end Hnon 
recognizes hit old 
friend in direst 

He bids his lords 
follow him to the 

and seven 
thousand fighting 
men issue from 
the city gates. 

Huon slays trie 
hangman at one 

Gerames leaves 
the ladder. 

A fierce battle 
takes place. 

yonder we se one of them is mountyd vpon the ladder, 
who hath a herd as whyte as 1 snow. 1 when Huon herd 
that he was sore dyspleased, & sayd / ' a, good lord, I 
knowe suerly 2 it is my true frende Gerames whom 4 
they wolde fyrst put to dethe / therfore, syrs, 8 quyckly 
let vs yssu out at the gate / for, yf Gerames be not 
quyckly 4 socoured, the tray tours wyll put hym to deth ; 
but, yf 2 I may come tyme ynough, it 5 shall be derely 8 
solde to them therwttft.' 6 Huon, with .vii. M. fyght- 
ynge men yssued out at the gate so fyeraly that the 
erthe semed to synke 7 vnder them / theyr horses 
made such brute 8 / and so within a shorte space by a 12 
preuy 9 way they cam to the place where as the galowes 
were 10 / Huon was the fyrst that aryued there / 11 he 
aduysed 11 well the hangman that sholde haue hawged 
Gerames / he 12 gaue hym suche a stroke with his spere 16 
that he ran hym 13 clene 13 through, so that he fell of 14 
the ladder 18 starke ,s deed ; so was Gerames reuenged of 
the inurye that he had done to hym before, then Huon 
sayd, 'Gerames, come 15 of the ladder and arme you in 20 
some harneys 16 of them that shall be here slayne ' / 
Gerames thanked our lorde god & cam downe the 
ladder, and then thyder came Huons company, who 
untyed all the other prysoners / then 13 there 13 began a 24 
sore batayle / the Almaynes wolde not flye / 17 Huon 17 
cryed to them, & said, ' ye false traytours, youre dethes 
is 18 Juged ; dere shall be solde to you the offence that ye 
haue done to 12 me when ye wolde slee thus my men with 28 
so vylayne 20 a dethe / better it had ben for you to haue 
ben at Mayence 21 hyden in the lappes of your wenches 22 
and louers.' when they vnderstode Huon, anone they 

, „ _ 4 presently. 

6 Hereupon. 7 groane. 8 a thundering. 

. . u ftndi 

1 that. 8 I requyre you. 

1 the. 
6 his peril L 
0 secret. 10 stood 
13— is omitted. 14 from. 
17 ~ 17 the whioh Huon seeing. 
20 villainous. » Fol. lxxx. col. 1 

li—ii an( j ne marked. 

15 downe. 18 armour. 
18 are. 19 vnto. 
28 mothers. 

Digitized by 




knewe hym, wherof they were sore abasshed / then 

Huon mette with a knyght of Almayn, and ranne hy in Huon fight* with 

bis customary 

clene through, and so he serued thre other / then he vigour. 
4 drewe his swerde wher with he dyd grete meruayles / 
for or 1 he seased he slews .xiiii. and also his men dyd 
meruaylles in armes / so that within a shorte space the 
Almaynes were dyscomfyted, so that none scaped a or«nthe 
8 waye a lyue excepte syr Othon, who valyauntly de- only sir otho ' 
fended hymselfe / but, when he sawe that his force Mcapwlalive - 
wolde not helpe hym, he yelded hym selfe to Huow, 
and gaue hym his swerde, and cryed hym mercy, and 

12 sayde / i syr, I requyre 2 you slee me not, but haue HehegeHuon 
pyte of 3 me / for 4 I promyse you faythfully that him. 
agaynste my wyll I came hyther, but I was forced so 
to do by the emperour; and, fyret, I desyred respyto 

10 5 for them, 5 6 so moche that the emperour was sore dys- 
pleased with me. 1 entreated for a peace to haue ben 
had 7 bytwene you and hym, but my wordes coude not 
profyte. 8 syr, I am your kynsman, and was brought He cuimt Unship 

with him* 

20 vp in duke Seuyn, your faders house, and there I 
serued a mayster who dyd bete me, and when I felte my 
selfe stronge and of age, I was dyspleased that he dyde 
bete me 9 without 10 cause / 4 1 slew hym and fledde 

24 away, and came to Mayence, & euer syn I haue serued 
the emperoure who is come hyther to besyege you.' 
' Frende/ quod Huon, ' fere not your deth, but I pray Huon promise* 
you fro hens forth ayde and serue me as ye ought to do win j^wmtor* 

28 to your carnall 11 frende' / 'syr/ quod Othon, 'god tbefuture - 
shame me yf I do the contrary / but I shall serue you sir otho consent! 
truly as longe as lyfe is in my body ' / then Huon came an time, 
to y e fote of y e ladder, where as he founde Gerames as 

32 then not vntyed / Huon kyssed and embrased hym 
oftentymes, and sayd, ' ryght dere frende, I am ryght 

1 ere. 8 beseech. 8 on. 4 and. *-* omitted, 
8 In. 7 made. 8 preuaile. 8 so. 
10 a. 11 louing. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. cL 

Hoon oongmtn- glad at my herte when I se you 1 hole of body ' / then he 
hi. escape, wente to the other, and lossed them, and vnbounde theyr 
and bids ail the eyen, and sayd, ' Syrs, arme 2 you all* with the harneys 

prisoners, whom 

he frees, to arm of them that be deed / for a man that is armed hath 3 4 
the weapons of aduawtage afore 4 other that be not so >5 / it was nedeful 
his S^h?*"" U * for them to be armed, god defende them from yll 6 / for 
anone after they had so meruaylous a rencounter that 
they had neuer 7 none suche 7 before / for the other .x. 8 
thousande men came to reuenge them that were deed / 
. they wente 8 to haue come tyme ynoughe / but they 

fay led, for they came to late / for® Huon had taken of 
all them theyr truage. When Huon saw that he had 12 
done that 10 he came for / he returned hym towardes 
a second band of the cy te / but he was soo pursued that he was nere sur- 
the French while prysed and stopped fro entrynge in to the cy te / when 
ifcrdeaux! Huon saw his enemyes coniyng he cryed a hye 11 to his 16 
men, 12 and sayde, 12 ' Syrs, let vs turne vpon them that 
cometh 13 to vs ward e 13 / to y e en tent that they shall not 
make theyr auauntes that they haue caused vs to flye 
They turn about awaye before them ' / then he and all his men returned 20 
and give battle, theyr enemyes with a 14 valyaunt corage / 16 at 

that metynge many speres were broken on bothe partes, 
& many a knyght borne to the erth / that had neuer 8 
power after to releue theym selfe / there was suche 24 
occysyon 16 on both party es that pyte it was to se it 17 / 
Huon spares none 15 grete meruayle it was to se Huon how he bett downe 
1 * his enemies, and claue helmes and rased them fro the 

hedes of his enemyes. he delte in suche wyse that 28 
none 18 Almayne durst abyde his strokes, he was so 
douted and fered ; he made the thycke prese to breke 
sir otho fights a sonder and flye awaye before him; and by him 
nobiy. wa s syr Othon, who that dyd many a noble dede 32 

1 Fol. lxxx. col. 2. 2 - 2 yourselves. 8 the. 4 of, 

6 armed. 6 euill. 7 ~ 7 the like. 8 hoped. 

9 omitted. 10 which. 11 aloud. 12 ~ ia saying. 

w — 13 toward vs. 14 most 16 and. 18 a slaughter. 
17 them. 18 no. 

Digitized by 




of armes / for next Huon aboue all other that day he 
bare the pryee / fynally, Huon and Othon and his other 
men dyd so moche that the Almayns were chasyd to The German* art 

* 7 chased back to 

4 theyr tentes, & many alayne 1 in the chase and sore hurte their tent*, 
so that they neuer rode on horse backe after / some 
tyme it fortuneth that it is foly to aduenture to moche 
forward / and to late to repent ofter 2 / I say this for 

8 Huon and his company, who were gone so moche for- 
warde that in great dauwger they returned to the cyte / 
for y e almayns, who were thyrty thousande men redy a third band of 

Germans now 

before theyr tentes / when they sawe Huon & his men threaten Huon's 


12 chase theyr company, they set forth agaynst Huon, 

3 When Huon sawe them / he sayd to 4 his men / c syrs, 
it is good that we 6 recule to 5 our cyte / for yonder I 
se comyng mo then thyrty thousande almayns as fast 

16 as they can* / 6 when Huons company sawe them, they His men, wearied 
douted gretely, and not without cause / for they had skirmishes, *row 
ben before at two grete skyrmysshes, wherby they and 
theyr horses were wery and sore trauayled, the whiche 

20 was no meruayle / 6 by the counsell of Huon they 

returnyd a fause galop towardes theyr cyte / and y e They gallop back 

. _ . to Bordeaux witli 

Almayns were at theyr backe, and chased them so the Germans in 
quickly that more then fiue Hundred Almaynes entred an7flle hundred 
24 in to the cyte with them of Burdeux / but they that SforVthe^tee 
kept the gates that daye were sage 7 and dyscrete, for as areclo ^ d » 
soone as they perceyued that Huon and his company bat the French 

hare arrived in 

were entred / and with them a 8 fyue honored of theyr safety. 

28 enemy es / they wolde kepe theyr gates no lenger open, 
for fere that theyr enemyes shold haue entred with to 
grete a norabre, so 9 for hast they cut a sonder the corde 
that helde vp the purcoloys, the whiche fell downe by 

32 suche force that it fell on 10 the horse of an Alraayn that 
was vnder, 11 the whiche horse was cut clene a sonder, 

1 Fol. Ixxx. back, col. 1. * afterward. 8 and. 

4 vnto. * recoil into. • so. 7 wise. 8 aboute. 

• that. 10 vpon. u it. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. CL 

The Germans 

retire to their 

Huon orders the 
five hundred of 
them who have 
entered the city 
to be slain 
They pray for 

Gerames supports 
their prayer, 

and Huon yields 
to him. 

Huon bids them 
be all unarmed 

and sent to 
divers houses on 

800 that the man and the fore parte of the horse fell 
within the gate, and the hynder parte of the horse fell 
without / wherof y e Almains that folowed after were 
sorowfull and angry that they had not come thyder 4 
soner / then they returned to theyr tentes, complayn- 
ynge for the grete losse and 1 domage that they had 2 
that daye by the hye prowess of Huon & his men / and 
also they that were entred in to the cyte were sore 8 
abasshed when they saw themself closed 3 within the 
cyte. When Huon perceyued it, he had grete meruayle / 
that they were soo entred in amonge his men / for he 
knewe not therof, and yet he 4 was the last that entred / 12 
then he sayde, ' A, ye false traytours, ye shall al dye an 
yll deth' / 6 then he sayd to his men, 'syrs, slee them 
all* / then incontynente they alyghted and kneled 
downe before Huon, and requyred hym to haue mercy, 16 
& pyte of theym / as to saue theyr lyues / ' and put vs 
in pryson / 6 we be all men of a noble lygnage / & it 
maye so be that by vs ye may haue peace with the em- 
perour.' Then Gerames sayd to Huon / ' syr, I requyre 20 
you to haue pyte of them, and put them not to deth, 
for so it may be that by them ye may haue peace.' 7 
' Frende/ quod Huon, 'I am content to do at your 
pleasure as ye wyll haue me do ' / then he commaunded 24 
they sholde al be vnarmed / then they al made promyse 
to Huon not to departe without lycence / ' Gerames,' 
quod Huon, ' I wyll that these prysoners be brought vp 
in to the borow & there departed, 8 and set in 9 dyuers 28 
houses that be sure, and let them haue all thynges 
necessary for theyr lyuynge ' / then Gerames delyuered 
theym to the kepynge of suche as he trusted / and so 
eche of them was kepte in a courtoyse pryson. Now 32 

1 Fol. Ixxx. back, col. 2. a sustained. 3 encloased. 
4 himselfe. 6 and. 0 quoth they. 
7 with the Bmperour. 8 parted. y to. 

Digitized by 



let vs leue to speke of Huon and of his prysoners, and 
1 8peke of 1 the emperoure. 

% Howe the Emperoure assayled the cyte of 
Burdeux two tymes, where as he lost many 
of his men. Capitulo .C.ii. 

>S ye haue herde here hefore how 
Huon chased his enemyes to theyr 
tewtes / and how it was tyme for 
hym to returne to his cyte, & how 
he was so pursued hy the Almayns 
that more then fyue hondred of them 
12 cntred in to y e cyte, and were closed with in it, and 

the resydue returned to theyr tentes sorowf ull & angry when the 
for y e grete losse that they had. 2 When they were to their tenu, the 
returned y e Emperoure demauwded what tydynges, & oi^^h^^ 
16 how they had sped / & yf they had 8 take/i Huo/i 
quycke or deed. ' Syr,' quod a knyght, ' it is folye for 
you to speke thus / for Huon is no man so lyghtly to 
he taken / for the .lx. 4 men that ye sent to haue hen They tell him of 
20 hanged be rescued hy Huon, and the thre .M. men prisoners, 
that ye sent w/t/i them are all slayne, & dyuers other *f H^o t n. epr ° WeM 
sore hurt, 5 in peryll of dethe, and hcsyde that, fyue .C. 
men of y e best of your frendes are entred in to 
24 Burdeux / for we so hastly pursued Huon & his men / 
that entry nge in to the cyte fyue .C. of our men entred 
in to the cyte, entermedled with Huons men, & theyr 
they be inclosed in 6 / therfore, sir, we alow 7 & They advise him 

* to make peace 

28 counsel you that ye agree with Huon / 8 yf ye do not with Huon. 
ye shall lose 9 youre men / for Huon is so fell & cruell / 
that he wyll 10 hange vp your men as ye had thought too 
haue done his, of whom one of them was his cosyn / 

1-1 returne to. 2 so. 8 not 4 fiftie. 6 and. 
6 within. 7 aduise. 8 for. 9 all. 
10 Fol. Ixxxi. col. 2. 

Digitized by 


333 HUON OP BUR deux. [Ca. ciL 

ye may do as it please you.' when themperour herd 
Lis barons -what couwsell they gaue hym, he was 1 
sorowf ull, and sayd, * syrs, ye do me grete wronge to 
requyre me to make ony peace wttA Huon / syn ye i 
knowe well what othe & promys I haue made that I 
wyll neuer be at peace with hym / and to y e entent 
The Emperor win that ye shal speke no more therof / knowe for trouthe 

not listen to their 0 „ , , , Q 

oouneeu that tho 2 .x.M. of my nexte 3 frendes were taken by o 

Huon, I wolde rather suffre them to 4 be slayne of 4 a 
shamefull deth then to agree to any peace "with Huon 
tyll I haue slayne hym / and his cyte 5 brynt 5 & 
dystroyed.' * Syr/ quod they, ' syn 6 it is youre plesure 12 
ye may do as ye thynke best/ c Syrs/ quod the 
He bid* ail hie emperour, 'I wyll that ye assemble all myn hoost, and 
and eende to hit sende to my broder that he brynge all his men / and 

brothers for . 

farther aid. then with all our puyssaunce 7 assay le the cyte / and 16 
that noue be so hardy 8 to recule backe tyl 9 y e cyte 
be taken ' / this was proclaymed through the hoost / & 
euery man 10 redy to assayle the cyte ; and y e chefe 
captayne was duke Sauarey, who brought all his men 20 
in good ordre to the dykes, well furnysshed with 
ladders & other necessary thynges parteynynge to 
assaulte. The same tyme Huon and his men were 

Hnon perceives vnarmed and goynge to dyner / 11 when he herde the 24 

by ite noise the . 

attacking force noyse and crye without / he toke a sop m wyne, and 
approach the tity. an( j fl jj ^ig ra en / and euery man went 

to the walles to theyr defenses / and Huon and 12 the 12 
olde Gerames / Othon / and Barnarde, a valyaunt knyght, 28 
mountyd on the toure ouer y e gate, and the Almayns 
The Germans set on euery parte entred in to the dykes, and raysed vp 

ladders against 

the woiu, but the many a 13 ladder to the wall ; and 11 they with in caste 14 
them. downe 12 agayne theyr ladders, so that they that were 32 

on them fell downe in to the dykes, 12 soo that they had 

1 verie. 2 if. 3 neerest. 4-4 die. 6-6 be burnt. 
8 seeing. 7 we will. 8 as. • vntill. 10 wan. 
51 but. 12-12 emitted. 13 acaling. 14 them. 

Digitized by 



no power to releue vp agayn / for there was caste 
downe on them erthe and Hymbre & stones, 2 so that 
they coude not aryse 2 / fyerse was y e assaulte that y* Both besieger* 
4 Almayns made, & they within made goodly 8 defence, iatoroaaiy^ fleht 
for 2 they slewe wttA bowes & crosbowes / that pyte it 
was to see the deed & hurt men that lay on the erth* / 
Huoft & Gerames shotte so with theyr crosbowes / 
8 that at euery shotte they slew some man, or sore 
wounded hym / 4 longe enduryd this assault / so that 
fynally the Almayns were constrayned to recule back a but the Germans 
bo we shotte / whereof they wetnin were 6 ioyfull. Then * tknglh retire ' 

12 themperour Tyrrey, beynge sorowful and full of yre 6 / 

came to his men, & rebuked them shamefully / com- The Emperor is 
maundynge them that incontynent they shold returne men, 
agayn to assay le the cyte / sayenge that 2 yf they wolde 

16 quyckely assay le y e cyte agayne 2 they sholde not fayle 
to winne it. Then the Almayns, to please theyr lorde, 
returned in gret hast -with theyr ladders ts pyrkes / & «nd they retnrn 

" w ' to the attack. 

came in to the dykes / where as then there was no 

20 water, & reysed 7 vp 2 theyr ladders 2 to y* walles / but 
they were no soner vp / but they wit/iin bete them 
downe agayne / 8 so that they that were vpon them 
were 8 in daunger of theyr Hues / for they 2 wit/iin 2 caste 

24 downe tymbre & 2 stones & fagottes, vritfi fyre & bote 
oyle & leade 9 / so that y e assay launtes were fayne 
parforce to recule 10 backe / & they w/t/iin shot arrows But a aecond time 
so thycke / that it semed lyke snow, themperour was th * y repu,,eJ * 

28 sore dyspleased, & duke Sauarey / when they saw none 
other remedy, many were slayne and sore hurt / 1X 
themperour & Sauarey his broder, seyng that they 
coude nothynge profyte, sowned y e ret ray t / & so and the retreat is 

32 returned to theyr tenter, sore dyspleased for y" gret 
losse that they had / 12 they lost that daye mo then 

1 Fol. lxxxi. back, col. 1. 2 ~* omitted. 3 noble. 
4 and. 6 very. 6 rage. 7 them. 8 ~* and put them. 
9 vp]'ou. 10 recoile. 11 and. 12 for. 

z 2 

Digitized by 




[Ca. cii. 

Two thousand 
Germans were 
slain and three 

The Duke Savary, 
the Emperor's 
brother, thinks 
the dtj 

but the Emperor 
resolves to 
continue the 

Huon thanks God 
for his success, 

and bids his men 
be wary in the 

but his losses 
hsTS been verj 

.ii. M. men lyenge deed in y e felde & in y e dykes / & 
mo then .iii. M. sore hurt / then duke sauary sayd to 
themperour / ' sir, methynke it is but f oly to assay le 
the* cite / it is stronge & wel furnysshed with men & 4 
good knyghte* to defende it / wherfore we may wel 
perceyue that wt't/* out gret domage we can not wynne 
it / without it be. 1 by famyne / 2 he that is lorde therof 
is hardy & cruell / & to be fered & douted / for he is 8 
expej-te in armes / wherfore it is inpossible to take y' 
cyte perforce.' When themperour vnderstode him, ho 
was right sorowful, & made agayn new promys not to 
departe thens / tyll 3 he had Huon at his plesure. Huow, 12 
who lytel set by y e thretuynges of themperour, went in 
to his palais, & sayd to his men / 'syrs, we ought 
gretely to thanke god for y e defence of our cyte / many 
Almayns be slayne & hurte / I doute them nothynge / 16 
for our cyte is stronge / or 4 it be lost it wyll cost many 
men theyr lyues / I desyre you all take good hede that 
we be not begylebV 4 Syr/ quod they, * we shall take 
good hede therof / as well for you as for y e sauegarde 20 
of our lyues.' Thus Huon & his men deuysed togyder / 
how be it, they were sore apayred 5 / for at y* beginnyng 
they were a 6 .xx. M men / & then they were not 
past 7 .vi. M. Now let vs leue spekynge of them & 24 
speke of themperour, who was ryght sorowful for his 

Howe Huon sent Habourey his messenger 
to themperour to requyre peace / & of his 28 
answere. Ca. Ciii. 

1 Fol. lxxxi. back, col. 2. * for. 8 vntill. 
4 and before. 6 greeued. 6 about. 7 aboue. 

Digitized by 

Ca. ciii.] how huon's forces dwindle. 


Hen themperour had herd duke Sauerey 
his broder speke / he made a solempne 
othe / that what so euer fortune sholde 
fall / he wolde not depa?-te thens, 
wynter nor somer, tyll he had won y* 
cy te / then he sent for his rerebande / as farre as his The Emperor 

, , , summons new 

empyre stretched, comraaundyng euery maw to come to forces. 
8 him, all excuses layde a parte / & so they dyd / 1 oi 
theyr commynge by the way I make no mencyon, but 
so longe they trauayled that they came with in a leege From the furthest 
of Burdeux. 2 When themperour knew therof he had l^redoUiey 

1 2 gret ioye, & mounted on his horse with other lordes with come * 
him / & rode 3 & met them, & spake to them, & made 
them good chere. Thus his force encreased, & Huons Meanwhile 
minysshed 4 dayly / often tymes Huon 5 wolde yssue 6 diminishing, 

16 out on 6 his hors called Amphage / and made dayly 
many grcte skyrmysshes / somm tyme he wan / & 
some tyme he lost / he slewe many Almayns / bo that but the Germans 
they all fered him / for there was none that durst or him. 

20 abyde him / his hors was so delyuer 7 that none durst 

aproche nere hym without he were slayne / & Huons He makes 

skirmishes daily, 

men 8 dyd acquyte 8 them valyauntly / so that yf they and if he loses 
lost at one tyme / they wanne .iii. tymes for it / but thrk»j ewn§ 
24 theyr force coude not longe endure / 9 theyr enemies 
were so many & they so fewe, for 2 they had made so 
many issues 10 out 10 that they had lost many of theyr 
company / for of .xx.M. they were lefte but .v.C. 11 / but his men 

r J 1 J ' dwindle rapidly to 

28 & a .C. archers / and a .C. crosbowes to kepe theyr five hundred, 
towne with all 10 / wherof Huon was 10 ryght 10 sorowfull / 
J when he sawe that he had but .v. C. men / he called 
to hym Gerames / Othon / Barnarde / & Richar, Huon calls his 

chief lords 

32 12 they were all of his kynne and he sayd to them 12 / together, 
'syrs, I se 10 well 10 that euery daye we do minysshe 13 / 

1 Now. 2 and. 3 Fol. lxxxii. col. 1. 4 diminished. 
6-6 issued. • vpon. J cruell. 8 ~ 8 quit 9 for. 
10 ~ w omitted. 11 men. 12 ~ 12 saying. W diminish. 

Digitized by 





a. cm. 

and advises that a 
messenger be sent 
to sue for peace. 

Harbourey Is 
despatched on the 

and Huon bids 
him promise all 

reparation to the 


and arrives at the 
Emperor's tent. 

He delivers 

wherfore *at length 1 we can not 2 endure agaynst the 
emperoures force / therfore I thynke that it were good / 
that we sente to themperour to knowe yf he wyll here 
spekynge of ony peace.' ' Syr,' <±uo& they, ' we thynke 4 
your aduyse ryght good / 8 it were good too knowe yf 
he wyll agree therto or not' / then Huon called 
Habourey his messenger, and commaunded him that 
incontynent he sholde go to the emperour, & say vnto 8 
hym ' that yf it he his pleasure to here spekynge of any 
peace, I shall 4 condyscende therto / and too make hym 
amendes at his pleasure / for y* wronge and domage 
that I haue done 5 him and my 6 men. Also she we 12 
hym how 7 I wyll become his man, and do hym homage 
for all the landea that I haue / the whiche I was wonte 
to holde of the kyng of Frauwce / but syn 8 I haue no 
socoure fro hym / I am dry 9 uen parforce to purchase 16 
for my profite in some other place / & besyde that, 
shewe hym / that the v. C. prysoners that I haue of his 
men / I shall deliuer them quyte without any rauwsome 
payenge / & also when lent cometh / 1 & a C. knyghtes 20 
with me at my coste and charge / shall passe the see 
and go to y* holy sepulture / to pray for the soules of 
his neuewes that 1 haue slayn / & for all other as hath 
ben 6layne by occasyon of this warre.' ' Syr,' quod the 24 
messenger, * I am redy to fulfyll your coramaundement, 
what so euer fall ther of / and so 10 departed, <fc went 
to themperours host, and entred in to the ryche tent / 
and then he kneled downe before themperour, & sayde, 28 
'The puyssaunt 11 god, who on a 12 crosse dyed to saue 
all humayne lygnage, 13 kepe & defende from all yll / 
themperoure & all his barony, syr, duke Huon of 
Burdeux sendeth to you salutacion and good amyte, 32 
requyrynge you, in the honour of 14 our lorde Iesu cryst, 14 

I— 1 omitted. 1 long. 

6 his. T that 
10 hee. 11 almightie. 

8 and. 4 quoth he. * vnto. 
8 seeing. • Fol. lxxxii. col. 2. 
» the. » kinde. ^* god. 

Digitized by 

Ca. ciii.] now huon sends to ask for peace. 


that he may haue peace with you / by that he will 
become your lege man / & do you homage, & holde his 
landes of you / and wyl delyuer quy te y e .v. C. men of 

4 yours that he hath in pryson in the cyte / & more ouer, 
he offereth hymself and a .C. knyghtes to passe the see 
this nexte lent and to go to the holy sepulture to pray 
to our lorde god for the soules of your neuewes that be 

8 deed, & for other that by hym and 1 his meanes hath 
ben slayn in this warre / syr, yf it well 2 please you 
this to do / ye shall do a gret almes dede / for lyfe can 
not be had agayne to them that be deed.' When 
12 themperour Tyrrey had well herd Habourey, y e 
messenger / he became as reed as a bronde of fyre / and 
regarded the messenger fyersly, and sayd, 'A voyde The Emperor 

rages againitt it 

my syght, thou fals gloton 3 / but that I doute to be envoy, 
16 reprouod, I shold cause thee to be hew en 4 al to 4 peces, him. 
but a messenger oughte not to be touched for any 
wordes that he can speke / but saye to thy lord / that 
by him & by his cause 6 I haue 6 7 had slayne 7 mo then 
20 xx.M. men, besyde my thre neuewes and my yonger 
brother ; but by that 8 lorde that dyed on a 8 crosse to 
redeme vs all, I wyll neuer haue peace with hym tyll I He refuses to 

' make peace, 

haue hym at my pleasure / nor neuer returne agayne 
24 hider to me nor none other vpon any such message.' 
When Habourey the messenger herde the emperour, 
he was in grete fere, and wolde gladly he had ben in 
Burdeux / then he departed without any mo wordes 4 and Harbourey 

takes hie leave. 

28 spekynge, and rested not tyll he came to Burdeux / 9 he 
wente to the palays, where as he founde duke Huon / 
then he sayd, ' Syr, I haue ben with themperour / and 
shewed hym at length 10 all youre message /but his He repeal to 

Huon the 

32 answere wyll not serue to your demaunde / for he sayd Emperor's 


to me / that he wyl haue no peace with you tyl he haue 

1 bv. 2 omitted, 3 vnrlet. 4-4 in. 6 meanes. 
* « FoL lxxxii. back, col. 1. 7-7 i^t. 8 t jj e> 

9 where. 

10 full. 



[Ca. ciii. 

you at his pleasure / to do with you what he wyl / and 
thus I departed from hyin, and lefte hym syttynge at 
his table at dyner.' 

Huon is sore 

end gives order 
for a sudden 

The Germans are 
dining, and do 
not perceive the 
approach of the 

Hnon and his 
companions fight 
wildly, and hew 
down their 

% Howe Huon yesued out of Burdeux & came 4 
to the tentes & fought with themperour. 

Cap. C.iiii. 

f Hcn Huon vnderstode y* messenger he 
was full of yre and dyspleasure, and 8 
sayd / ' syrs, I commaunde you al in 
hast go and arme you / for, or 2 euer y° 
Almayns he rysyn fro theyr dyneres, 
and armed I shall make .them so sorowfull that they 12 
shall curse the houre that euer they were home / for I 
had rather dye then to leue them in this poynt, for I 
wyl go serue them of theyr fyrst messe.' then euery 
man armed hym / and Huon lept on 8 his good horse 16 
Amphage / then he toke 4 leue of the fayTe Esclaramonde 
hys wyfe, an so departed out of Burdeux with his 
company, and rode toward es themperours tentes / the 
same tyme themperour was rysyn fro his tahle / and he 20 
had ordeyned .iii. hondred men on horse hacke to kepe 
y* tentes whyles he was at dyner / then Huon and his 
company came so quyckly that he was amonge them, or 2 
they perceyued any thynge, & he cryed 1 Burdeux/ & 24 
strake a knyghte vrith his spere clene through the hody, 
so that he fell deed to the erth / then he ran at a 
nother and semed. him in lyke wyse, & so he slew 
iiii or 5 his spere Drake / then he drew his swerde 28 
& hette downe men & horses / & Drake the thyckest 
presse, so that euery man gaue hym way / and 
Gerames / Othon / Barnarde / & Rycher, 6 & all his 
company dyde meruayles in armes / 7 so moche they 32 

1 Fol. lxxxii. back, col. 2. 

6 before. 


* his. 

6 Rychard, always so written in 1601 ed. 
7 acd. 

Digitized by 

Ca. ciiii.] op huon's bold sortie. 


dyd that wit/dn a shorte space the thre .C. Almayns The guard, about 
that were set to kepe y* tenths were all slayne / then slain," " **" 
Huon & his company entred in amonge y e tentes & and the French- 

. i liii^i Qi.o i ii men make havoc 

4 pauylyons j 1 they bete downe 2 tentes, & suche as they among them, 
met were slayne / then y e almayns on all partes armed 
them / & thonperour sowned his trompettes, & armed 
him / he was so sorowful & angry with y e trauel & The Emperor is 
8 domage he was put to by Huo?i / that he enraged & was a^tracfed. 
nere out of his wyt / for nyght & day he coulde take 
no rest. When he was armed, he mounted on his 
horse, & xx .M. Almayns with him, & they all sware the wuh twenty 

12 deth 3 of Huon / whom god defende, for, yf he longe SoveetoSe" 116 
taryed there, he sholde be in daunger of his lyfe / but ****** 
he was wyse and sage 4 in feates of armes ; 5 he loked 
towardes the emperours tente and sawe wel twenty 

16 thousande men redy to come vpon hym / then he sayd 

to his men / 'syrs, it is tyme that we recule 6 to oure Huon orders his 

M , . win in men to "treat. 

cyte / we may wel now go witnout blame / 7 we may 
noo lenger tary here without grete daunger' / 'syr/ 
20 quod Gerames, ' we be redy to do your commaunde- 
ment ' / then they toke the way to returne to the cyte / 
but the emperour, who desyred gretly the deth of Huon, 
he and his men pursued Huon as faste as theyr horses The Emperor 

a j i •• a , i i . i ' tt pursues them, 

24 wolde 8 go / and when the emperour was nere to Huon, and, coming up 
he sayd, 'A, thou fals traytoure, so many tymes thou msuiuhto 
haste troubled & angred me that lenger I wyll not k™" 7 ' 
suffre the to lyue / turne towarde me, for with the 

28 I wyll iust, or elles I shall slee the flyenge / I hadde 
rather 9 dye then not to take of the vengeaunce for the 
hurtes that thou haste done tome' / when Huon herde 
how the emperour called him traytour, he was sore 

32 dyspleased, & turned his horse towarde the emperour, Huon turns to do 
and sayd, ' A, false olde churle, where as thou saycst I UtUe with ^ 
am a traytoure / I shall shewe the how thou lyest 

1 where. 2 the. 3 Fol. lxxxiii. col. 1. 4 discreet 
6 and. 6 retire. 7 for. 8 could. 9 to. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. CV. 

falsely* / then they ranne eche at other with theyr 
speres iu theyr restes, so that they met so rudely and 
etrake eche other on theyr sheldes by suche force that 
theyr sheldes brast 1 a sonder / themperoure was a 4 
puyssaunt prynce, so that his spere brast 1 all to peces / 
and the Emperor but Huons spere was stronge & helde, wherwith he gaue 

narrowly escapee 

death. the emperoure suche a stroke that shelde nor haubert 

coulde not warraunt hym, but that y e spere entred in to 8 
themperours syde / so that yf he had not swarued 
a syde, he had not scaped y' 2 deth / that stroke was so 
sore that themperour fell to y* erth in such wyse that 
nere hande he hadde broken his necke with y e fal,<fc so 12 
lay in a swone. Huon, seynge themperour lyenge on y e 
erth, 8 in grete yre 4 & dyspleasure 5 desyred to haue 
slayne themperour / then he drewe out his good 2 
Huon would hare swerde, & turned to 6 him to haue stryken 6 of his heed / 16 
tat thefennane the whiche he had done, yf he had not ben quyckely 2 
J^rei^h' rescued / but the Almaynes fro all partes cam thyther / 
so that they rescued themperour fro deth, and set hym 
on a hors with moche payne / then he thanked our 20 
lorde god tAat he was so 7 scaped, and made auowe 
The Emperor to to god that he wolde neuer more fyght witA Huon 
longing for hande to hande / but he wolde pursue hym to the deth, 

yf he coude. 24 

% How Huon made another issue out of 

Burdeux, and toke away al the bestes that 

were in the pasturs without the towne 

pertaynynge to themperours hoost. 28 

Cap. C.v. 

1 burst. 2 omitted. * Fol. Ixxxiii. col. 2. * rage. 
6 he. •-• strike. T well. 

Digitized by 




Hen Huon saw that he coude do no 
more at that tyme, and that y e Almayns 
encreased in grete n ombre to haue 


lepes that it semed he had flowen in the ayre / he had 
his swerde in his hande, and strake therwith so gret 
8 strokes that none durst approche nere hym / thus he 
rode after his men and led them towardes the cyte as 
y* shepherde doth his shepe, for as soone as his 
enemies approched nere hym, he shewed theym his 
12 shelde and spere poynt / and as he rode there came 

a yonge knyght named Gerard / ryghte hardy and Gerard, a bastard 
valyaunt in armes ; he was bastarde sone to the Emperor, pursues 

, . « and defies him. 

emperoure / who desyred greatly to wynne honoure 

16 and prayse / he sawe Huow on his good horse, and 
sa we 1 that no man durst approche nere 2 him / 8 cam 
after him & cryed, ' A, thou fals traytowr, to flye awaye 4 
shall not auayle 6 the, for I brynge thy dethe in the 

20 poynt of my spere, with y e whiche I shall slee the 
fleynge without thou turne to me, for or 6 thou scape 
me I shall cause the to be hanged in the syght of them 
within Burdeux' / when Huon vnderatode the knyglit, 

24 and saw the grete hate and yre 7 that he was in, and 
herynge howe he called hym traytoure / he thought 
and sayd to hymselfe / that he had rather dye then he 
that had sayd these wordes shold 8 departe 8 without 

23 felynge the sharpenesse of his spere / the whiche he Huon turns agatn 
couched in the rest and eporred his horse, who ranne him, so that be 
lyke the thonder / 9 he gaue the knyght suche an kUUbim * 
horryble stroke / that 10 his shelde nor 11 armure coude 

32 saue his lyfe / for his spere persed through bothe his 
sydes, and 8 was clene borne ouer his hors croupe starke 

1 likewise. 2 vnto. 3 hee. 4 it 
5 Fol. lxxxiii. back, col. 1 . 6 ere. 7 rage. 
8-8 haue departed. 9 and. 10 iieithcr. 11 his. 



[Co. CV. 

All the Germans 
flee before him in 

Bat he loses many 
men at every 

and is in great 

He was fighting 
with thirty 

bnt he returns at 
length to the city 
in safety. 

Hoon begins to 
despair of his 

The Emperor 
moves his host 
nearer to the 

deed / 'go thy waye,' qw)& Huon, 'thou shalte neuer 
haue power to do any man djspleasure 1 more' / 2 then 
he drewe his swerde, wherwith he delte suche dys- 
syplyne among the Almayns that all fled before hym. 4 
Gerames / Othon / and Bernarde & Rychar employed 
theyr forces and vertues ryght valyauntly / but the 
Almayns dyd so moche that Huon lost parte of his 
men, and the rest he ledde with him / oftentymes he 8 
turned and returned agaynst his enemyes / but what so 
euer force or prowes he shewed, yf he had not in hast 
gone away / he nor neuer 3 one of his men hadde scaped 
without deth / for mo then .xxx. M. Almayns were 12 
nere hym, and all they 4 desyred his deth / but god 
dyd hym that grace / that he and the small nombre that 
he had lefte entred with hym in to the cyte, and y e 
gates 6 closed / and themperour in grete dyspleasure 16 
retourned to his tent / and by the waye he founde his 
bastarde sone deed / for whom he made suche sorowe 
that his lordes nor his broder coude not apease hym ; 
and so he caused hym to be borne to the tentes, 20 
and was gretely complayned of all the barons / 6 for he 
was tyke to haue ben a 7 noble man. And Huon went 
to his palayes, where he founde the fayre Esclaramounde, 
who demaunded how he dyde. 'Ryght well, lady/ 21 
quod Huon ; ' thanked be god I am returned in saue 
garde, but I haue lost many of my men ; ' and therwith 
he wepte, and the lady comforted hym as moche as she 
myghte / then themperour, beynge in his hoost, 28 
knowynge for trouth that Huon had but a small 
company in the cyte and that he thought he coude do 
hym but small domage fro thensforth / dyslodged and 
cam and lay nerer to y e cyte, and dressed vp his engyns 32 
and montons 8 to breke the walles, and made euery daye 


8 and. 

4 those. 5 were. 

fl Fol. Ixxxiii. back, col. 2. 

8 mountains. 

7 verie. 

Digitized by 



betynge 1 at the walles ; and they within defended them uidMtauiu the 
valyauntly 2 with theyr crosbowes ; many men, bothe T^ent^thaa 
within and without, were slayne / this syege endured 
4 fro the begynnynge of August vnto 3 Eester after / From August to 

* ** ~ Easter does the 

wherof Huon was sore dyspleased,and 4 complayned for siege continue, 
the losse of his noble barons / and 5 men that he had 
lost Also he sawe his tours and gates sore 6 beaten, 
8 and his enemyes 7 before his 8 cyte / and loked for no 
Bocours fro any parte / and 9 he had with hym 10 but 10 Only three 

hundred men are 

thre hondred knyghtes and a honored men to kepe the now with Huon, 
cyte with all / then he called Esclaramonde his wyfe, 
12 and sayd, 'Dame, 11 1 knowe well ye endure trouble and 
dyspleasure ynough / and therfore I pray you & ye can 
gyue me any good cou?isell, gyue it me 12 / for the yre 13 
& dysplesure that I haue at my herte troubleth so myne »»«. not 

* knowing what to 

16 vnderstondynge that I can not tell what to do / & 12 on do, asks 

Esclaramonde to 

y* other parte I se my cyte besyeged & my men slayn, give him counsel, 
nor I can gete 14 none apoyntment 14 "with themperour, 
who 15 is so 16 sore dysplesed witft me that I can neuer 

20 haue his loue / he hath slayne my men, wherof I am so 
sorowfull that my herte nere fayleth me ' / 4 sir, 1 quod 
Esclaramonde, ' ye do grete wronge to say these worde* 
before me or 17 to complayn yowr domages / if ye wold a 18 8 J*^5^ h h e er 

24 beleued me 19 20 ye had gone to my brother for socoure, should go to her 

brother for aid. 

who wold haue come with you & brought 21 such 22 
nombre of men that themperour durst not 18 abyden 
you, & also to haue made ther by my brother a crysten 
28 man, for he hath byleued in our lorde god this seuen 
yere past ' / ( dame,' 23 qnc/d Huon, ' all that ye say 
my glit well haue ben, 24 but I had leuer 25 haue lost thre 

1 battering. 2 for. 3 to the. * verie much. 
6 other good. 6 so. 7 lying. 8 the. 9 that. 
10— w no t aboue. 11 Madmne. 12 now. 13 rage. 
14 ~ 14 no agreement. 15 for he is. 10 omitted. 
17 in this sort, 18 haue. 19 then. 
20 Fol. Ixxxiiii. col. 1. 21 you. 22 a. 23 Madame. 
24 done. 26 rather. 

Digitized by 




[Ca. cv. 

Hnon tiill 
hesitates to 
abandon his wife 
and friends in so 
great a danger, 

but he knows. If 
he has no succour, 
his city and 
himself and his 
men will foil into 
the Emperor's 

He therefore 
determines to 
seek out his 

fears that the city 
must fall in his 

bnt nerertheless 
bids him depart 
at once. 

Hnon tells her of 
» devioo whereby 
the town may be 

such cytes as this is 1 then to baue lefte you, & my lordes, 
& good burgesses, whom I loue so faythfully. yf I 
had but a .M. knightes to defend e my cyte / wit/* an 
yll wyll I shall* departe fro you, for I am 8 in certayne 5 4 
that yf I go and seke for socours I shall haue payne 
ynough, & ye that shall abyde here are lyke to haue 
more. 4 I know wel that themperour, who 5 hateth vs, 8 
setteth all his entent to haue vs / & yf he take yon, ye 8 
shall be in grete paryll / & yf I tary here with you, & 
go for no socour / this cyte wyl be taken & 7 famisshed / 
& both you, & I 8 distroyed / for themperour, who 
loueth vs but 9 lytell, and not with out a cause, yf he 12 
may take me I shall dye of 1 a shamefull dethe / it is 
no meruayle though 10 he be displeased with me / for I 
haue slayn his sones & neuewes, & many of his best 
frendes; yf he maye take me I shall haue no pyte 16 
shewed to 1 me / & I know well with out I haue some 
socours myne ende is at ha?ide / wherfore, dame, 11 I 
thynke it best that I go to your brother for socours / 
for I 12 haue taryed ouer long ' / ' syr/ qitod Esclaramond, 20 
' ye speke it 13 very late / for now ye know well that all 
our brede and wyne / and flesshe / & fysshe / begyn to 
fayle vs, and all 14 other vytales / wherfore it shall 15 not 
be longe after your departure but that this cyte shall 18 24 
be taken and dystroyed / and the men within slayne / 
and I ledde in to grete mysery / yet for all that I wold 
not couwseyle you to abyde here / but I pray you make 
hast to departe.' When Huon herde her, he began to 28 
wepe / and abasshed 17 his chere to the erth,and studyed 18 
a lytell, and 19 sayd, 'Dame, 11 I thynke vpon 20 one 
thynge / the whiche to you shall 16 be ryght 1 profy table / 
wherby ye shall haue vytayle ynoughe to lyue by 1 an 32 

1 omitted. 2 should. s ~ s assured. 4 for. 6 f«o. 
8 na he. * or. 8 be. 9 a. 10 if. 11 Madame. 
12 see that I. 13 of this. 14 our. 16 cannot. 
16 will. 17 abashing. 18 studying. 19 he. 
*° Ful. lxxxiiii. col. 2. 

Digitized by 



hole yore.' ' Syr/ quod she, ' of that I thanke god, yf it 
may so come to passe.' 'Dame/ 1 quod Huon, ' I shall 
tell you how this cyte may be reuytayled without 2 grete 

4 losse of any men / trewe it is 8 here without in the The Emperor 
medowe there are two hondred men set there by the for* hu^t tUe 
Emperoure to kepe y* beestes pertaynyng to his hoost, 
the whiche are without nombre / what in beeffes / 

8 keen / and hogges / and mo then x thousande shepe / 
the 4 whiche beestes 5 by the grace of Iesu, or 5 I slepe I and the* he will 

bring into the 

wyll brynge them 4 in to this cyte / and than ye may slee city, 
them and pouder theym in salte, soo that ye shall haue 

1 2 no famyn for a hole yere.' ' Syr,' quod she, ' I pray to 6 
god ye may brynge it 7 to passe.' thus they taryed tyll 8 
souper tyme / and after when it was nyght / & that 
they thought that they of y e hoost were a slepe / and 

16 sawe that the wether was troublous 9 as they wolde 

desyre it, he armed hym and all his men / he 10 set men Hnon arms his 
at the gate to defende hym at his reculynge. 11 Then he adventure, 
mounted on 12 his good horse / then 10 he opened the gate, city by night! 

20 and yssued out as preuely as he myght / and tooke the 
way to the medowe and came thyder / and Huon then 
cryed, and sayd / 'a, ye vyllaynes, this pasturage is 
myn / I come to chalewge it / in an yll 13 houre ye put He challenge, the 

24 your beestes here to pasture ; ye shall make me caute?o surrender 
amendes / for 14 the beestes that I fynde here in my ihem 10 hha ' 
pasture I wyll goo and pounde theym / and yf the 
emperoure wyll haue theym he must bye them and 

28 make amendes for theyr forfeyt, & ye that be the 
kepere shall derely a bye it.' 

1 Madame. * 2 any. 8 that. 4 omitted. *-* ere. 
6 vnto. ' 7 well. 8 vntill. 9 euen. 10 and. 
11 recoiling. 12 vpj>on. 13 euill. 14 all. 


They prepare to 

bat Huon slays 
very many of 
them forthwith. 


[Ca. CV. 

He and hfs 
companions kill 
all the two 
hundred keepers, 
save one, who 
escapes to warn 
the Emperor. 

The Emperor 
rushes forth with 
his men, but the 
cattle had already 
entered the city. 

Huon and his 
men turn upon 
the Germans who 
were In pursuit of 

and kills many of 
them with his 
own baud. 

Hen the kepers herd Huon speke they 
had grete fere / 2 they thought to haue 
gon and taken theyr horses, & 3 to haue 
defended them selfe, but Huon & his 4 
company gaue them no layser so to 
doo / then 4 Huon with his spere strake one starke 
deed, & after he slew y e seconde / 6 the thyrde / & 
fourth / & so slewe many as long as his spere helde ; 8 
then he set his hande on his swerde, wherwith he claue 
a sonder helmes and sheldes and bette downe men on 
euery syde, & Gerames / Othon / & Rycher / dyd e 
valyaurttly. 2 so moche dvd Huon and his men within a 12 
shorte space that the two hondred men that kept the 
beestes were all slayne except one, who scaped & ran to 
thewperours boost ; then 7 he shewed themperour how 
Huon & his men were yssued out of the cy te, and that 1 6 
all the kepers of the beestes were all 8 slayne, and 
y* beestes taken and dryuen in to y* cyte / when 
themperoure herde these tydynges he was ryght 
sorowfull, and armed hym & his men, & lept on theyr 20 
horses & ranne towardes the cyte to stoppe Huon fro 
entrynge in to y e cyte / but or 9 they came thyder al y e 
beestes were entred in to y* cyte / & 10 when Huon saw 
themperour comynge, he sayde to 11 his men, 'syrs, 24 
I requyre you let vs turne vpon oure enemyes who 
cometh after vs / for I wold fayne shewe them how 
men that cometh fro foraging can rynne with theyr 
8pere8.' then they turned agaynst the Almayns so that 28 
eche of them bare a man to the erth, & they drew 
theyr swerdes / & slew men rouwde aboute them / and 
Huon vpon his good hors Amphage held his swerde in his 
hande all 12 be sprent 12 with y' bloode of his enemyes, 32 
wherwith he cutte of armes, legges, & handes / he was 

1 Fol. Ixxxiiii. back, col. 1. 2 and. 8 so. 
6 then. 6 verie. 7 where. 8 omitted. 

i° Now. 11 vnto. 12 " u to be sprinkled. 

* for. 
9 before. 

Digitized by 



more clouted then the deuyll / for by his prowes he dyd 
so moche that, his enemy es fled before hym and made 
hym *way, so that in 2 the spyte 2 of al the Almayns, 
4 after that he and his men had slayne foure M. of his Poor thousand 

men lie dead on 

enemy es / he entred into the cite with all the pray of the Held. 

his beestes / wherwith themperour & his men that 

folowed were sore dyspleased for the losse that they The Emperor is 

* tore distressed* 

8 had, 3 & for that Huon was so scaped fro theyr handes / 
and that he had taken away there beestes and slayne 
his men / thus as ye haue herde Huon entred into the 
syte of Burdeux with all his praye. 

for ye haue nowe wytayle ynoughe for a hole yere. 

BTowe I wyll go to your brother / & yf I fynde that He wui depart at 

28 he wyl be chrystened, I shall bryng hym with me / yf mi»ion t»*her 
not, I shall defye hym and slee hym without he wyll boufhe wiu not 
beleue on Iesu chryste, what so euer fortune falL' SJuSa^hta. 11 * 
'Syr/ quod Esclarmonde, sore wepynge, 'haue no 

32 dought 5 / for it is more then .vil yeres syns he desyred 

1 Fol. Ixxxiiii. back, col. 2. *— 2 despite. 3 receiued. 

12 % How Huon of Burdeux made hym redy to 
go to seke for some socours, & of the sorowe 
that the duches his wyfe made. Ca. 

Fter that Huon was entred in to the 
16 £y^jfjf@fl c yte> ne wente to his palays, & there 

fouwde the duches Esclaramonde, 
who vnlased his helme & clypped & 
kyssed him, & said, ' s/r, I pray you, 

4 Fol. Ixxxv. col. 1. 


* of that 

A A 

Digitized by 

854 huon op burdeux. [Ca. cvi. 

to be chrystenyd, wherfore, syr, I requyre you lone my 
brother' / 'dame,' 1 quod Huon, 'I shall do your plea- 
Haon calls his sure ' / then he called to hym hys preuy frendes, and 

friends together, ' J J f J > 

•nd uiforms them sayd / i 8yr8, ye knowe wel what daunger and parell we 4 
be in : and by-cause in all thyngys nedefull 2 oughte to 
be made prouysyon with delygens / this citye is nowe 

He bids them well prouyded of vytayle, wherfore ye shal not nede to 

remain quietly r j J 

within the city in make enye issuinge out without ye se 8 a 8 great ad wan- 8 

hie absence, 

tage : and as for assawlt, yf ye defende it well it is 
inpreyngnable for our enemyes to wyn it 4 / yf ye be to 
yeld it vp, beware what ye do / for the great hate that 
the emperour hathe agaynst vs paraduenture wyl con- 12 

oftheir'dan^*" 1 ^^F 116 *° breke his promys : yf ye be taken by 
force, or by this meanes, ye shall all dye myserably, & 
my wyfe 8 murdred 8 vp 3 in pryson, or elles myserably 
to fynyshe her dayes / and my ly tell doughter, Claryet, 16 
whome I loue so derely, 8 shal be lost, and my citye dys- 

He entrusts to troyed and brought to vtter ruyn / wherfore I oom- 

them the keeping J ° J ' 

of his wife and maunde 7 vnto you my wyfe & my doughter and all the 

daughter. 4 * 

rest 8 tyl my 8 returne agayne, the whiche ahalbe shortely 20 
y f I may / and I shall brynge with me suche socoure that 
ye shall al be ioyfull therof ' / 9< Syr/ quod Gerames, 
4 god gyue grace to sende you agayne in sauegard / ye 
knowe wel 10 ye leue vs in great pouerte and fere, wher- 24 
Gerames and his fore we al desyre you not to forget vs/ and therwith 

companions weep 

on hearing Huou's they al wepte / then Huon sayd, 1 1 praye you make no 
suche sorowe for my departynge : for 11 knowe the busy- 
nes that causeth me to departe : for without I go for 28 
some socoure ye know well we ar but dede / &, Gerames, 
I gyue you the kepynge of my wyfe and chyld / ye ar 
bounde to serue me trewely / for in you I haue my 
parfyght trust \' ' Syr,' quod Gerames, ' haue ye no 32 

1 Madame. 2 there. *- 8 omitted, * but 
6 bee. • shee. 7 commend. 8-8 vntiU L 
• Foi. Ixxxv. col. 2. w that. 
u yee. 

Digitized by 

Ca. cvi.] op htjon's departure for the east. 355 

doughte but that as longe as I haue lyfe in my body, I but c 
shal not fayle them in lyfe nor detheV protect 

E»clararaonde and 

IT When Huon hard Gerames say so, he began sore curiet, so long as 
4 to wepe / and the fayre lady Esclaramonde be gan to 
make suche sorowe that 1 pety it was to see: 2 she Esdaramonde is 

sorely grieved 

wrange hyr handes and tare hyr here, and made suche when Huon takes 

* lesYO of her. 

crye8 8 that euery man had pety of hyr / 4 they comforted 
8 hyr as moche as they myght : she had great cause to 
wepe and to be sorowfull / for 6 or euer 5 Huon returned 
to Burdeaux she and all they that were with her suf- 
feryd so moche payne and pouerte that to shewe it wold 
1 2 cause a harde harte to wepe for petye. And after that 
Huon had thus spoke to his companye, he entered in 
to his chapell, & was confessyd of the bysshop of the Huon is confessed 

r ' J J r by Uie bishop of 

citye, 6 and was hoselyd. 6 Then the bysshop gaue to the city, 

& who gives him a 

16 Huon a stoole that was halowed and of great vertue, & hallowed stool, 
sayde, ' syr, I requyre you, for y e loue of our lorde Iesu 
chryst / kepe well this stoole, for such an owre maye which should 

. „ , . , _ . , , , „ , stand him in 

falle that it wyl stand you in good stede. Huon ryght good sued. 
20 humbly toke it, and thankyd the bysshope. It dyd 
hym good seruyse after 7 / for on a daye as he passed 
he / 8 had therof so great nede that he wolde not a for- 
borne it for .xiiiL good cities, as ye shall here 9 after. 

24 How Huon departed fro the cytye of Bur- 
deaux, and say led tyl 10 he came into the 
hye see, & had manye great fortunes. 

Ca. .cvii. 

, Hen Huon had taken the halowed 
stoole, he delyuered it to his chapleine, 
who was a wyse man and of a holy 
lyfe, and commaundyd hym to kepe it 

_. . , . . . . Huon takes with 

well. Then he toke .v. knyghtes to him five knights, 

1 great. 2 her. 3 out-cries. * yet. *- 6 before. 
°- 8 and receiued the Sacrament 7 afterward. 
8 FoL lxxxv. back, col. 1. 9 more heereafter. 10 yntill. 

A A 2 

Digitized by 



[Ca. cvii 

and a chaplain 
and a clerk. 

Hnon finally Wdt 
hit wife farewell 
amid her lean. 

He and hit 
company embark 
In a thip moored 
on the Garonne, 
and tail away. 

Huon weept at 
the thought of 
having left hit 
wife and 

The thip enters 
the high tea. 

haue with hym, and his chappleyne and a clarke to 
serue hym. Then Huon went to hia wyfe, and kyssyd 
her at hys departynge, and she fell in a swoune in his 
armys, & Huon sore wepynge releuyd her, and sayd / 4 
'fayre ladye, I requyre you forbere makyng of this 
sorow.' ' A, 1 syr/ quod she, ' well I ought to be dolent, a 
syn ye le/'ue me me besegyd with them that desyrethe 
your dethe' / 'dame/ 4 quod Huon, 'dyscomfort you 8 
not / for by the grace of god I shall make a shorte 
retourne.' Then he clypped and kyssed her, recom- 
maundyng her to our lorde Iesu chryst. Then Huon 
and suche as were appoynted to go vrith hym departed 12 
out of the palays, and went to a backe posterne vpon 
the ryuer of Geround, where there was a shyp redy and 
rychely garnyshyd with all thynges conuenyente / 
then 6 Huon clene 6 armyd & his men enterid into the 16 
shyp & had no hors with them / when Huon departed, 
he delyuered his good hors to the kepyng of syr Bar- 
narde his cosyn / and toke his leue of Gerames and of 
all his other company e / and so lyfte 7 vp sayle, and 20 
so 8 or 9 it was day in the mornynge he was more then .ii. 
leges fro Burdeaux. Then Huon regarded y* citye, and 
sore wepynge dyd recommaunde it to our lorde Iesu 
chryste, humblye requyryng hym to haue in his saue- 24 
garde his citye / wyfe / and chylde, & al other that 
were within it. Thus duke Huon sayled a long the 
ryuer of Gerounde, petyously complaynyng for his wyfe, 
the fayre Esclaramounde, & for his fayre doughter, 28 
Claryet / whom he coude not forget / for he had so great 
dought to lese